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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN: FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 2, 1894. Hardware. Casady Sulky, Bonanza Gang aid Oliver Chilled lows AT EZRA W. THAYER'S. Harness and Saddles. Harness, Dash and Top LEATHER! - - - OPPOSITE CITY HALL. BEET A ROYAL TRAIN. The New Sunset Limited Starts Yesterday. All the Accommodations of Home and Hotel Accom pany It. By the Associated Frees. San Francisco, Nov. 1. The hand somest aad most complete train that ever left Oakland Mole pulled out to day bound for New Orleans over the Southern Pacific, Sunset route. It wae the tirBt train of the new fast service to New Orleans which has been instituted by the Southern Pacific. The train which consists entirely of vestibuled sleepers will run through to New Orleans on fast time and make quick connections there for New York and Chicago. The feature of the new service is the dining car all the way and other accommodations for passen gers which include the library, bath room, barber shop, and writing room. On every Thursday until further no tice the Sunset limited will leave San Francisco and New Orleans. A FORGED NOTE Got J. R. McElvain Into Serious Trouble In Baltimore. Baltimore, Md., Nov. 1. J. It. Mc Elvain, alias W. B. Dean, was com mitted for trial yesterday, charged with forging a check for 150 on the Third National bank of St. Louis. His vic tims in this city were Smith, Hammond & Co., grain dealers, who have had dealings by correspondence with Black, Dean & Co. of St. Louis, though not personally acquainted with any members of the firm. Last August McElvain came to the Baltimore house and represented him self as VV. B. Dean, of the St. Louis firm. He was accorded the usual cour tesies, and in September asked to be identified at the bank to have a check cashed. The firm cashed the check for him and fonnd it to be a forgery. Subsequently he played the same trick in Philadelphia, and yesterday the firm learned that he was trying it in Washington. A detective was sent over and the man was brought to Balti more. His identity was established by a letter found on him. declared that the prohibition of our cattle was based on sanitary grounds. Died at Sea. New Orleans, Nov. 1. The body of Joachim Infante, a wealthy wholesale cigar dealer and manufacturer of this city, and a member of an old and highly respected family, arrived on the steamship California yesterday. He died suddenly from apoplexy when the vessel was four days out from Gib raltar and his body was pieBerved in brandy. More Building:. The brick is in the premises and the plans completed by a leading architect for another high-class residence in the Simms addition. A new building in this favorite locality means more than a common brick or frame cottage. It means a structure costing at least $2, 500. Most of the homes up to the present built there have considerably exceeded this amount in cost of con struction. AMERICAN FOLK-SPEECH. Tailoring. OUR GERMAN RELATIONS. A Recommended Amendment of the Present Sugar Schedule. Washington, Nov. 1. There is little reason not to expect that the German government will relax the new order prohibiting the importation of American cattle and fresh beef and it is probable the matter will settle down to a question of endurance as between German sugar and American beef. Secretary Gresh am's protest has been presented to the German foreign minister, accompanied by the president's promise to recom mend to congress an amendment of the sugar schedule of the tariff act in the line of removing the differential duty which is the cause of German discrimi nation. The German minister dis claimed any idea of retaliation and Awarded Highest Honors World's Fair. BE- MOST PERFECT MADE. A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Fres from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant 40 YEARS THE STANDARD. Old English Worda Appear in New Guise Here. liOCai Bustle Dialects Are Composed Al most Entirely of Older Forms of Words Now Obsolete Some Queer Phrases. The English of book-reading Ameri cans differs from that of educated Eng lish people, writes Edward Eggleston in Century, only in those superficial traits that are the unavoidable result of a different environment and the fluctua tions of fashion. But along the shore of a stream the current moves more slowly, and suffers eddies and backsets. Much old English of the days of Crom well, some that goes back farther even than to "Queen Marie's daies," will be found in the dialect speech of rustic neighborhoods in America. There are facts in the history of English words that will never be known until some of the younger American philologists go afield in search of the living forms that grow in the soil about them, and that are not less instructive than the dia lects of England assiduously gathered by a multitude of observers, or the patois of the French country to which Littre was not above paying his re spects. Disavowing any pretension to be a philological expert, I propose to write here as an observer of American folk speech. On that portion of the history of the English language which has to do with its conditions and changes in this country, and on that alone, I may claim to speak with some authority, if the life-long habit of studying the people's speech, exceptional opportuni ties for observing it in many widely separated districts, and an extensive acquaintance with writings of all sorts, printed and manuscript, of the colonial period, can give authority. English travelers very early mention the differences between colonial speech and that of the mother country. This arose partly from the great number of new objects and processes that must have names and partly from English provincial words adopted into general speech in America. For example, "swamp," with a far-reaching Scandi navian ancestry, and no doubt a long provincial use in England, had to ,be explained to English readers, though its use appears to have been general in the American colonies. By 1676 it had passed into a verb in common use in Massachusetts; thus Ninigret, the In dian chief, is said to have "swamped himself" when he had hidden in a wooded morass. In 1730 "swamp" formed part of a compound word; "swamp-law," in Maine stood for cer tain extra-judicial methods of attain ing justice known to all rude and pio neer lands. The word "swamp," like many other provincials of the time, bettered its fortunes by immigration, and was received into good English so ciety when it went back. There are indigenous words in our folk-speech, but our local rustic dia lects are composed almost entirely of words in their older forms or older senses, of English words now quite ob solete, and of words from provincial English dialects. When first I heard farmers in the Lake George region call a "cowslip" a "cowslop," I smiled to think how modern the corruption was, and how easy to imagine that the name had something to do with the feeding of a cow. But rash guesses in etymology are ever unsafe; "cusloppe" is given as a form of the Anglo-Saxon word nine centuries ago. The etymol ogists miss the history of this word, and of the word "slop," by not know ing that, both as noun and verb, "slop" refers to any liquid or semi-liquid food for cattle, and this over so wide a re gion of America as to make its an tiquity eertain. Take another expression that seems strictly American. "She is in a perfect gale," one says of a little girl or a young woman in a state of effervescent mirth. It is easy and natural to sup pose this to be modern, and to derive it from a seafarer's figure of speech. But the Danes who settled in England spoke a tongue very much like the Icelandic, and there is in this speech the word "gall" with a long vowel meaning a "fit of gayety," so that Anglo-Danish ladies in the court of Knut probably "got into a perfect gale" as our American wom en and girls do now. In New England they have the verb to "train" for to romp. For this I can find no re mote ancestry; it may have come from NNMNNHNNNMMMN pASSAYAMPER Is one who d re nk from Ariz ona's famous river in very early times. He is tall, rugged, strong of voice, long of beard and clad In rough boots, slouch hat and bine jeans. W never see one without wondering bow he would feel and took in a handsome new suit made by NICHOLSON THE TAILOR. &TOVE8. Medical. CATARRH Throat Diseases, La Grippe, Bronchitis Asthma and Consumption. Also Diseases of the ; Stomach and Blood Together with sll Successfully and Speedily Cured by M. Hilton Williams, M. D.,M. CP. S. 0. Commercial Hotel. Dr. W. is a graduate of Victoiia Medical Uni versity of Tore to. Onta-io, Canada, in 18o7, and o the the College of Physicians aTtd Bur gcoiis of Ontario, Canada, in 1SS2. Was for three years the associate physiciaD in the Cin cinnati and Chicago Throat and I.uog Insti tutes, after which he was sole proprietor of the Detroit Throat and Lung institute for thirteen years. During five years of the time he was sole proprietor of the famous Ontario Pulmonary Institute find health resort at Toronto Oniario, Canada. For nearly eleven years a resident physii ian in the city of Los Angeles, California, and frr three years associate physician to the Burnside Lying-in Hospital (for women) in Toronto, Ontaiio, Canada. Dr. Williams' spe cial system of medicated inhalations in, dis eases of the respiratory organs is known all over the United States and Canada and in many ports of Europe, and is conceded to be the only rational manner of treating these intricate dis- Although Dr. Williams has been in Phoenix hut a short time yet the many people who are being treated by him can testify as to the mar velous benefit they have already received. There is yet ample opportunity for all who de sire to become cured or nearly so before the doctor returns home if they but begin at once. Dr. W. will honestly and carefully examine all FREE OF CHARGE and if he finds the cure beyond his skill will unhesitatingly tell the patient or his friends thus allowing them to do as their own conscience dictates without the least obligation to take treatment of the doctor. Remember also Dr. Williams is no travelling doctor this being his first professional visit out side 'he city for nearly eleven years. Let all who desire to consult the donor do so before it is tco late. A word to the wiseis sufficient. Respectfully, Phoenix, Ariz. the New England "trainin'," with its rum, cider and ginger bread, but I do not think it so recent as that. I have given enough examples to show that the most ancient and least mutable part of a language is the residuum the folk-speech. Fashions may change, but the countryman is slow to give up the ways and words oi his forefathers. If the world's changes knock the sense out of a word, he will put another meaning into it with as little alteration as possible. Some oi the provincial English people say "hal lowday" for holiday or holy day. But New England hallowed no holidays, and kept holy no holy days but the Sabbath. So from holiday, or the broad sound of hallow-day, some of our northern farmers get "hollow-day" that is, a day with no work in it. They attach quite another sense to "hollow" when they note the condition of the atmosphere in which sound is easily carried. "The air is so hollow that I can hear a train ten miles off," one will say. Beauty More Than Skin Deep. Science says now that beauty is not skin deep. She can tell you that half the charm of a pretty face at least the expression is a matter of little muscles and a complex labyrinth of nerves, and that the curves of the lips, the glance of the eyes, the droop of their lids are a ma tter of the prevalent use of certain small muscles in obedience to a preva lent aspect of the mind. Moreover, that the use of these organs of expres sion has come down along ancestral lines and that the mold of the features themselves is a question of heredity. DRUG bj SojVD'sUrtE.'sENDAoToRWQMAffsSAfE STOeiSli GUARD:' Wilcox Specific Co,Praui.IPa. 8 TOVE Lowest in Price. Standard Manufacture Largest Stock ii J GREAT HEAT. A cold -snap may come any night. Our $9 No. 7 COOK STOYE is a perfect gem. It throws a great heat and gives perfect satisfaction as a baker, fryer or broiler. A full line of Round, Square or Open-Grate Heaters. HENRY E. KEiP k GO., First Street, Opposite City Hall. REATj estate. GEO B. PERKINS, Corner Wwtoii and Wall Sts. P. 0. Box 323. Phoenix, Ariz. I want a list of your property. It makes no difference where it is, so that it is in the Sjalt River Valley. I can sell all grades, whether cheap lots, choice residence lots, business lots or acreage. It costs you nothing if I do not sell. Carriage at door. No trouble to show property. I now havebuyers lor both city and country property IMPROVED and UNIMPROVED and can guarantee satisfaction to both prop erty owners and investors. Money Loaned. on first-class security at reasonable rates. Borrowers and lenders are invited to give me a call. GEO. B. PERKINS, Plioenix, - Ariz.