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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN: FRIDAY MORNING,- NOVEMBER 9, 1894.
WORSE THAN A RATTLER An African Snake That Shoots Its Deadly Poison. Other Venomous Reptiles Which Are ireatly Dreaded by the Natives .Snake Killiur a Lucrative Oc cupation. The rattlesnake of America is looked upon as one of the most venomous of reptiles, but on account of its rattle its intended victim can often escape. Not so, however, with some of the deadly poisonous snakes of southern Africa, says the St. Louis Post-Dispatch: In the thick bush and under growth of the lower countries on the east coast, probably the most treach erous of African reptiles has its haunts. The "renggaizslang'," or "poison-spit-ter," is an ugly looking' black snake, with light green rings around its body, and is about five feet long. when full grown. Its method of catching prey is to coil itself up under a low bush, and when a hare or bush rabbit, or small buck, called a "dyjken," comes along, it will fasten its eyes upon its victim, and without moving from its coils will suddenly spit forth its poison, which, striking the animal in the eyes, com pletely blinds it and enables the snake to dash forward and fasten its fangs in its neck. While its prey is still warm the poison-spitter will pull the skin and hair off in huge pieces, and then, crunching the body in its folds, will swallow it whole. This snake will often lie in an old road or path, and has been known to completely blind almost at the same instant a pair of mules that were being driven along the road attached to a wagon. They can eject this poison and hit their ob 'ject at a distance of thirty feet. Another terror to the natives and travelers is the "boomslang," or "tree snake." It is about nine feet in length and from three and a half to four inch es thick in its middle. When in search of prey it coils its tail end around the bough of a short, thick bush or tree, and when a small "bleshok" or other small antelope passes under the tree it will drop on it, coiling itself around and around its body and, getting a pow erful leverage with its tail end around the tree, will crush the animal into a jelly. After the buck is dead the snake will roll it over and over on the ground. This has the effect of taking the hair off, and after covering the an imal all over with a thick slime the snake devours it in mouthf uls. Unlike most reptiles of its kind it does not swallow its food in one piece, but will eat it all up in separate pieces. Then it goes to sleep for three or four months. The Kaffirs dread this reptile more than all others, as it looks so mucn like the bough of the tree upon which it hangs. Many a poor native has fallen a victim to it while traveling through the bush. The well-known "puff-adder," also found in India, abounds in southern Africa. It likes to be near water, and is found chiefly near deep pools of mud- dy water, where it lies in wait for irogs and water rats, upon which it mostly feeds. Its average length is four feet, and it has a yellow body with black rings. It is the most venomous of all African snakes, but not the most dangerous. With its smaller fry it darts out with lightning rapidity and eats immediately whatever it catches, but with larger animals th&t come in its way, or to attack a person, the rep tile will stand on its tail a nd throw it self backward, burying its fangs as soon as it strikes. When dii turbed it svill give chase. In such event it is very lUiJcult to get awaj from it, as .the snake throws itself backward on its tail. The natives of N;ital and Poudo land catch the pu5-adder and, after .cutting out their fangs, release thera around the kraals to kill the field mice and other small troutilesome an imals. Killing snakes in Africa has come to be quite a lucr-Uve cucupe'aon, as the colonial and Boer governinen ts offer big rewards for all snake skins brought in. One well-known Ilimpopo river ex plorer, John Burkie, killed over seven thousand snakes in one year for which he received a sum of money equal to fifteen thousand dollars. WATCHING A GROUSE DRUM. The Noise Said to Be Made by the Wings Against the Body. Early in October I bad the only op portunity which has ever presented itself in my twenty years of experi ence in forest and field of studving the method employed by the cock part ridge in producing that peculiar sound known among sportsmen as drumming, says a writer in Forest and Stream. I was out with my gun looking for quail quite early in the morning and was working toward a small wooded swamp, where I knew the birds found safe slielt'-r at roosting time, as well as from the gun when flushed by dog, for no hr.nter, no matter how ardent, would have the temerity to brave the suck-holcs and wild brier vines. Hear ing the call of a quail, I stopped to listen and locate him positively. I stood facing a stone wall, distant about six rods, on each side of which grew hazel bushes. Suddenly out of those on the opposite side sprang a fine old cock partridge and dropped on the wull directly in front of me, tail spread, ruir standing out and crest raised the picture of alertness. What a chance for an artist. I hardly breathed. Between us was a small alder bush, tall and slim. This was the only shelter, yet the bird did not seem to notice me, for after standing a moment he began preening himself, seeming to enjoy the rays of the sun, which shone warm and bright. I stood and watched him thus for probably ten minutes, and was considering whether to let him go altogether or flush and try a shot, when he stopped, shook himself, stretched one wing and leg, then the other, took a look around and, slightly raising his feathers, as a set ting hen when disturbed, raised his wings a little above a horizontal line and brought them down against his body, increasing the time until it ended in a flutter, as it seemed. This I watched him repeat; the third time I moved slightly; he spotted me and moved also. I am perfectly satisfied on one point, however, that the mysteri ous noise, as some term it, is produced by striking the wings against the body. As many will admit,' who have had the opportunity to observe, the sound is more pronounced and distinct at a distance than very near it, where it has a muffled, fluttering sound. Many theories are advanced on the subject, among them one to the effect that the bird stands on a hollow log and strikes it with his wings, thus produc ing the sound from the log. SWIMS FAST UNDER WATER. The Clumsy Penguin Makes as Good Time as a Bird in the Air. Naval architects are credited with saying that highest speed in navigation could be obtained by submarine boats. The principle is illustrated in the div ing birds, which are capable of shoot ing through the water with amazing velocity. While these birds live by catching fish in deep water far be low the surface they present many differences in outer appearance. In the collection at the London zoological gardens are black-footed penguins, guillemotes, "darters," a puffin and a cormorant. The penguin cannot fly in the air, cannot walk, but hops as if its feet were tied together, and cannot swim, and can only with any grace fly under water. When the keeper of their quarters appears to feed the binds they each behave in their characteris tic way. The fish thrown into the water, the penguins instantly plunge beneath, when an astonishing change takes place, thus described by a writer in the Spectator: The slow, ungainly bird is trans formed into a swift and beautiful creature, beaded with globules of quicksilver where the air clings to the close feathers, and flying through the clear and waveless depths with arrowy speed and powers of turning far greater than in any known form of aerial flight. The rapid and steady strokes of the wings are exactly sim ilar to those of the air birds, while the feet float straight out level with its body, unused for propulsion or even as rudders, and as little needed in its progress as those of a wild duck when on the wing. The twists and turns necessary to follow the active little fish are made wholly by the strokes of one wing and the cessation of move ment in the other; and the fish are chased, caught and swallowed without the slightest relaxation of speed in a submarine flight which is quite as rapid as that of most birds which take their prey in midair. The head and shoulders may be brought above the surface for a second and then dis appear; but any attempt to remain on the surface leads to ludicrous splash ing and confusion, for the submarine bird cannot float. The movements of the cormorant are quite different. It does not plunge headlong, but launches itself on the surface and then "ducks" like a grebe. Its wings are not used as propellers, but trail unresistingly level with its body, and the speed at which it courses through the water is wholly due to the swimming powers of its large and ugly webbed feet. These are set quite at the end of the body and work inces santly like a treadle or the floats of a stern wheel steamer. Yet the condi tions of submarine motion are so favor able that the speed of the bird below the surface is three or four times greater than that gained by equally rapid movements of the feet when it has risen and is swimming on the top. The "darters" divers of the African and American lakes compared to the survival of some ancient lizard dive and swim much like the cormorant, except that the bird keeps its jieck drawn back in the form of a flattened "s" when in pursuit of the fish. Once within striking distance the sharp bill is shot out as if from a catapult and the fish is spiked through and carried to the surface. This ascent is made after each single capture. Sometimes the bird has great difficulty in disen tangling the pierced fish from the spearlike beak, and its companion adroitly relieves it of the struggling victim and swallows the prize. Prices a Century Ago. uundred years ago beef sold in Xew York city at 3d. to3d. a pound: mutton, 3d; veal, to 5d.; live pigs, 2ad.; butter, Is. ld. new mi'.k, 32'd. to 3d. a quart; chickens, lOd. to Is.; hay, 2 5s. to 2 10s. 3d. a ton; wheat, 5s. 7Kd. a bushel; barley, 3s. &.; corn, 2s. 9d.; rye, 3s.l)d.; oats, Is. 8d. The average yield of wheat Tier acre in the state then was 12 bush els;'of corn, 25 bushels and of buckwheat 15 bushels. n i CHAMPION m CIGAR SOLD BY A. COHN FAVOP'TE IN IlalrclresisiTiir. Ilaintaing & Complexion Parlors. MRS. N. H. DEiiMER, Late of Denver, the ARTIST HAIRDRESSER. Treats the Complexion fot all blemishes. Will give ONE FKEE TREATMENT to each lady caller for one week. Cnrae and investigate. 331 E. Washington t trsgory Inve stient-i iNVfcST MENT. T make a specialty of snnnd investment real estate in l'lioumx aad tlu.nuy. In every case the return is erood and the safe ty or the principal will be absolute, if ya have from SI 00 to 10.000 to invent s e me or yon may miss a good opportu nity. PLANK, 3 J So. Center St. When in CI C I I D Need of r L-J Un" Doat fail to ask your grocer for a sack of Which is guaranteed to be equal to Kansas, Colorado or any other Family Flour now shipped in here Patronize Home Industry. CAPITOL MILLS, Phoervx, Arizona. Bnclc. B RICK OHEAPI WM. RE ILLY & tWm. Cox's Old taril Sr.nfh ..f Depot. Phoenix. Give us a. ciute u 3a-ure before purchasing elsewhere. -Trii4' Wtore. T BrSISLEY'5 "Mountain City" DRUG STORE. Special attention is given m wmtitrt nrrltirs Trv us! 3-nd in by mail or otherwise. - . . . PRESC01T, ARIZ. Lund the Druggist Cor. Washington and ' nirQ Sts., Phoenix, Ariz. ly NEW STORE, 7 FRESH DRUGS. PRESCRIPTIONS A SPECIALTY. Chas. W. Stevens Cor. First k Auajns Sts., LIVERY FEES 4Kb SALE STABLE. Good TnmoutF on short uo;ic; at all b ov. rs r ' ..t and night. Buy, SeH and Trade, worses. Special attention to yiardinsrhorses. Hack Stand, I'ohn Bra, dear Store, Telephone. 25: 3-iOdtCins. 25c BEDS 50c AT THE STAE LODGING HOUSE No. 47 Jackson and First Sts., Two blocks south of cut hall. H. KIXEN, Prop. Haloon. The Palace, 6DS. E. EISSCHFElD,f up. Imported and Domestic WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS, PHCENIX. ARIZONA. Barber Sl)oj. The Fashion Barber Shop. FRANK SHIRLEY, Proprietor. LADIES' WORK DONE AT THE SHOP OR RESIDENCE NEATEST BATH ROOMS IN THE CITY OPP08ITE THE OPERA H0U8E. J, IP FLANK STO Lowest in Pricp. Standard Manufacture. Largest Stock A. GEEiVT A cold snap may some any night. Our $9 No. 1 COOK STOVE is a perfect gem. It throws a great heat and gives perfect satisfaction as a baker, fryer or broiler. A full line of Round, Square or. Open-Grate Heaters. HENRY UtEMP & CO., First Street, Opposite City Hall. MEAT J. A. LTJTGERDING & CO. Fresh and Salt Meats: MUTTON, PORK, VKAI, AND POD- TRY. Ill Our Meats Thoroughly Refrigerated Before Being Sent Oat to Customers.. Saperioi Cornea Heef. fresh 9ansee, Head Cheese and Bologna. Or lrrx Called For and Delivered. 142! West Washinarton Street. Postoffiee Building. ! HAY THEREsi : We will sell X Chearer than you can X Prices to the Wholesale Trade. 1 Sifi::: The Phoenix Hay and Grain Co. f GHOCEKIEW. The Tra or 41 West Washington St., r MACHINE SHOP. apital Machine Shop Madison St. Bet. Are prepared to do all kinds ol . Pipe Fitting, Mai Farm Mac We have recently opened the finest eaiiDDed months will make the repairing of Separator Cylinders Slcuies uround and E. E. E. E. Lincoln. M. S. Webb. MARKET. yo 11 Hay, Gram, Horn, been, etc buty elsewhere. Special X -Wholesale and .Retail Groceries, Crockery, Queensware, Stoneware, and G-lassware. FRESH GOODS RECEIVED DAILY. PHCENIX, ARIZ. Center shoD in threshers ai. SklllfiJ Kepalr LIN inej