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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN: TUESDAY MORNING, MARCH 26, 1895. II Hardware. Hardware A large stock of Building Hardware, Ranch Implements, . Harness, Dash & Top Leather Edged Tools, Shears, Hay and Grain. Ezra l Ikw Washington Street, Opp. City Hall THEY WERE TERRORS. Outlaws of the Southwest Who Committed Dark Deeda An Old-Timer Who Killed Over Seventy Men, Some of Them with His Mighty Fist Desperate Cherokee Raiders. The recent commitment of Bill .Cook to the Albany penitentiary for a term of forty-five years has called attention anew to the depredations of the desper adoes of Indian territory, and a few reminiscences of the old-time outlaws of that section will he interesting', writes a correspondent of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. Th'ese outlaws, like the present marauders, were nearly all of mixed Indian and white blood, but so much more daring- were their ex ploits, so much more desperate their character, that the exploits of the Cook gang appear as mere boys' play when compared to their deeds of outlawry. The most notorious of these old-time outlaws was Henry Starr, long since dead. Much of the story of his life is shrouded in obscurity and other parts greatly magnjScd by tradition, but it is known positively that he alone killed over seventy men, fully a dozen of his victims having been felled with a single blow of his mighty fist. He was a Cherokee, with a tinge of Seminole blood, nearly seven feet tall, massively built and with an arm and fist like a sledge hammer. He terrorized the whole Cherokee nation for years, and so great became his power that the Cherokee council finally entered into a regular treaty of peace with him, granting him amnesty from all past deeds if he would cease his outlawry the only instance on record of a nation entering into a treaty of peace with a si-igle individual. At one time ten thousand dollars re ward was ofiered for Starr's head and five thousand dollars for the head of one of his lieutenants. One day the lieutenant was killed by the accidental discharge 01 a gun at the outlaw camp. and Starr cut oil his head, and putting it in a sack went to Tahlequah, the Cherokee capital, and walking boldlv into the ofiiee of the national treasurer covered the officer with a revolver, took the gory head from the sack, and laying it on the table compelled the officer to pay over the five thousand dollars offered for the head, then walked out, mounted his horse, and escaped. After the treaty of peace the old man lived quietly for a number of years and died a natural death. In later years one of the most cunning of outlaws was Bill Starr, a grand nephew of Henry and father of the no torious Belle Starr. He did not turn outlaw until well along in years, but in a short time became the leader of one of the most adroit gangs of thieves that have ever infested the Indian country. He was not a common thief, and in one scr;e was not actively in the business, being rather a superintendent or gen eral manager. His gang was large in numbers and he had spies in every town, trading post and community in the territory and adjoining states. He did not make a practice of stealing for fun or excitement, but wa3 in it for business, and would take only the best and when he was sure of a large re turn for the work, but, once making ud his mind to steal a thing, there was nothing at which he would hesitate. There was not much ready cash in the territory to steal m those days, and tiey confined their work mostly te stealing horses. A member of the gang in a niij;hborhood would take a fine horse, ride itafciv miles and turn it over to a confederate, who would the same, which procedure would be repeated in turn by a dozen different men, and as each one would be at home the next morz-ing detection was almost impossible. The gang had a cipher language whereby they could converse intel ligently among themselves about then work, and an outsider listening would think them conversing about some ordinary topic. Oepar,ior.r.lly. when there was some pnrtieaiarlv valuable horse to be stolen Starr himself would do the work. He was an expert blacksmith, would carry shoeing tools along with him, and after riding the horse a half day would, take the shoes oil and put them on back ward. Thus those in pursuit were fooled, and it was a long time before they discovered his strategy. They would be on the trail all night follow ing the horse's tracks, when suddenly the footprints would be reversed, indi cating that the animal had been travel ing in the very opposite direction. Had they followed the trail sufficiently long they would have come to a place where the tracks again changed, but they sel dom went far enough, and gave up the chase in disgust. The last of the old school of outlaws were JTed Christy and Bill Pigeon, both Cherokees. Christy led many a daring raid years ago, hut for nearly a decade had been wholly on the defensive, living in a stone fort in the mountains of the Creek country, defying the deputies and repulsing attack after attack, only to at last fall a victim of treachery. It was less than a year ago when he was shot down by a traitorous member of his gang, who, Judas-like, agreed to de liver him to the officers for a monetary consideration. INTENSE COLD. its Effect Upon the Mental Faculties of Those Subjected to It. Extreme cold, as is well known, ex erts a benumbing influence upon the mental faculties. Almost everyone who has been exposed, for a longer or a shorter period, to a very low tempera ture has noted a diminution in will power, and often a temporary weaken ing of the memory. Perhaps the largest scale upon which this action has evr been studied was during the re treat of the French from Moscow. The troops suffered extremely from hunger, fatigue and cold from the latter per haps most of all. A German physician who accompanied a detachment of his countrymen has left an interesting ac count of their trials during this retreat. From an abstract of this paper by Dr. Rose, in the New York "Medicinische j Jlonatschrift," we find that one of the earliest symptoms referable to the cold was a loss of memory. This was noted in the strong as well as those who were ! already suffering from the effects of the hardships to which they had been exposed. AVith the first appearance of a r.".ccV'V?.tcly low temperature (about five deforces above zero Fahrenheit), many of the soldiers were found to hr-vo forgotten the names of the most ordinary things about theti. as well as those of the articles of food for which they were perishing. Many forgot their own names and thece of their comrades. Others showed pronounced symptoms of mental disturbance, and not a few became incurably insane, the type cf their insanity resemblii;g very closely senile dementia. The cold was probably not alone responsible for these effects, for a zero temperature is rather stimulating than paralyzing in its action upon the well-fed and the healthy. These men w ere half-starved, poorly clad, worn out with long march ing, many already weakened by dysen tery and other diseases, and all men tally depressed, as an army in defeat always is. It needed, therefore, no very unusual degree of cold to produce the psychic effects observed under other circumstances only as a conse quence of exposure to an extreme low temperature. . HOW TROUBLES ARE DIVIDED. Neither Sex Has a Blonopoly and They Vary Chiefly In Kind. Troubles are pretty evenly divided, after all, says the Philadelphia. Times. A girl may go nearly distracted wliea she feels that the band of her dress skirt has come unfastened, but think of the misery of the man when the but tonhole in the neckband of his shirt rips open and lets his collar and necktie slide up to his ears. A girl has to fold her hands and wait for a man to ask her to go to the theater with him, but w-hen she does go she has the comfort of making the man sp'.'iv.l a lot of money. That consoles her to a certain extent. A girl has to entertain stupid callers whether she wants to or not, because society demands it. A man has to dance with girls who can't even walk gracefully, because if he did not his hostess would consider him rude. A girl carries her life in her hands when she tries to get within a rod of a bargain counter, but she can walk along the street in peace. Half a dozen bootblacks don't yell: "Shine, sir: shine?" at her. A girl has heaps of trouble with her complexion and her front hair, but she doesn't have to have a razor go traveling over her face every day. A girl is very likely to spend weeks in planning the construction of a new hat, but when she does get it people don't sit on it, as they always do on men's headgear. Perhaps that's be cause a girl doesn't leave her hat lying around on sofas and chairs. Correct Measurement. Some six years ago there lived in the city of X a rather eccentric old man, remarkable for his shrewdness, who kept a pork shop. Three young fellows, thinking to have some fun with j him, entered his shop one night and asked what his pork was a yard. The old man promptly replied: "One dol lar." One of the young men then said: "I'll take a yard." "Where is your money?" said the old man. The dollar ! was laid down, which the old man quicl ly pocketed, and then produced three pig's feet, with the remark: "Three feet make one yard." aily Of A.11 the New and Novel Goods. , - j B. Heyman Furniture Go. Tailoring. WARNING! Don't send away for your clothes as the ch&nceiof your getting a MISFIT are very great. We iry on all of our garments before finishing and guaran tee a perfect fit or money refunded. ou should certainly not miss a vuit to our establishment and examineour ele gant stock of spring and summer suit ings. We can justly say that it s the finest assortment ever offered to the people of Phoenix Give us a call. NICHOLSON THE TAILOR. COLORADO IT Work Neat, Substantial and Guaranteed. PRICKS KKASON A BLK. T. F. HICKEY. Proprietor. 301 West Washington St. Two doors east of the Vendome. The PbixBi Works Will supply families, pic-nics or outings with soda water (any -flavor) during the coming season on the shortest postible notice. Fine Table Mineral Waters Constantly on Hand. P. H. Notice to Creditors. Estate of Annie M. Dameron, deceased. Notice is hereby given by the undersigned administrators of the estate of Annie M. Dam eron, deceased, to the creditors of and all per sons having claims against the said deceased, to exhibit ihein, with .the necessary Touchers, within four months after the first pub ioation of this notice to the said administrators, at rooms 1 and 3, Young block, in Phoenix, Ariz., the same beiog the place for l tie transaction of the business of said estate, in sad County of Maricopa. , L. D. DAMEROtf, R.M- DAMffftON, Administrators of the estate of Annie M. Uam eron, deceased. . : '? r Dated at Phoenix this 19th dav of March, 1895. Revenge ACter Twenty Tears. He was asking .the old, man for his daughter in marriage. He was talking tremblingly, hesitatingly, says tins Springfield Union,, as you read of in story books, and the scene was full of color, so far as an irate father and a nerveless young man could make it. It came the old man's turn to speak, and as he began his face was white with passion and his voice shook with es citement. "You want to marry niy daughter?" he said. "Ah, now is the time for my revenge. Twenty years ako your father crippled me in a stock di-al and I swore to be revenged. And now ' my time has come." He paused for breath, and the aspirant for the maiden's hand was about to bea. a hasty retreat in the face of supposed defeat, when the father broke forth again: "Yes, sir, I swore to be re venged, and now I'll strike the father through the son. Want my daughter, eh? Well, take her, and may she prove as expensive to you as she has to me." The old man dropped into his chair, worn out with the excitement of his plot, and the young man fainu-d. A Valued Itnssian Official. Count Woronzoff Dachkoff, the Rus sian court minister, who is one of the most important officials in the state, was one of those chief friends of the late czar and the only surviving one. At the new czar's earnest request he was to remain in office until the cor onation took place to regulate the ceremonial of that great event. Be sides regulating the court ceremonial he has the management of the czar's private property, which brings in a rev enue of ten million dollars yearly. ! THE CACTUS SPOON, SOLD ALWAYS EY ! COOK & BELL, THE NEW FHffiNU JEWELERS, Z NEXT TO POSTOFFICE. 4 Official f Arrivals Latest Wholesale and Retail. ICE CREAM COME IN an' Seect 0Ur White Mountain s Arctics and Jack Frost. A HOPELESS CASE, evidently. It's all up with 1894; the doctor s.-ivs so. Had there been any chance, our drugs would have, been effective. Thebestphysicians in Phoenix prefer to have their pre-icriotlons put up by us. We enjoy their confidence, be cause we merit it. It Is also well to note on the first page oi your diary lor 1895. that we carry a full line of toilet and manicure articles at the lowest prices. C. ESCHMAN & CO. Happy and Content are the Boarders at the IVY GREEN RESTAURANT. WHY? Because their appetites are first cul tivated to a condition of natural ' Healthfulness and then regularly nourished and satisfied by choice viands, fresh vegetables and all palatable and wholesome foods in season. MRS. A: WILLIAMSON, Adams Street. Between Center and First. INVESTMENTS. MILLFWOF DOLLARS Are lost every year in risky and foolish investments. Put your money in lots in Churchill Addition and make 'lb per cent. No risk. Easy terms. CLARK CagKVHIU, Office Commercial Hottl Block. ARIZONA'S FIRST AND BEST SOUVENIR. ! Watch Inspectors S. F P. & FXtEEZEHS. ce ream Freezer from my 0. H. BURTIS. Florence and Globe . Stage Line CABBYIMeU.8. 1 k WILLS, Fars HAIL AND ttXFRKBS. STAGE TXAVX8 FLORENCE DAILY FOB Riverside and Globe at 7 o'clock, p. m,; stop night at Riverside and arrives at Globe at 5 o'clock, r. M. ; returning, leaves Globe at o'clock A. H . , arrives at Florence at 1 o'clock A. M. Good accomodation on the road, im proved line, good stock and comfortaDie stages, four-horse coach every other day. W. S GUILD, Agent. Florence. E. F. KELLNER GO., Agents, Globe. EUGENE MIDBLKTOS, ' Proprietor Ho for While Hills Mining Camp : Tri-Weekly Stage Line. Through In one day; 8-passenger, 4-hdrsr thorough brace wagon ; change horses at Crosr nuuiMHiM mountain springs: leaves K Hi wnan UerA . .. . J .. 1 r. . . . . .. ' u.j. " cunwiiBj i:u rnuay at t :au a m., and arrives at camp at 7 p. m. same day Leaves White Hills Camp Tussday, Thursda' and Saturday at g a. m., and arrives at Kiay man at 6 p. m. same day. Fare, $7; freight3c Shortest and most direct route to the Nev White Hills mining camp. Stage office at stor the W. H. Taggart Mercantile company. Extn conveyances on application. - CROSS & CO., Prop's. Kinsman. Arts FLORENCE and GLOBE STAGE LIE Carrying United States Mail ani the Exnress. Stage leaves Florence daily for Riverside and Globe at 7 o'clock p. m.; stops all night at Biverside and arrives at Globe at 5 o'clock p. m.; returning, leaves Globe at 8 o'clock a. m., arrives at Florence at 1 a. m. Good accommo dations on the road, improved line, good stock and coraiortable stages, four-horse coach every other day. W. E. Guild, agent, Florence. K. F. Kellner 4 Co., agents, Globe. C. C. HACK&TT. Vrop. Bowie Station and Thomas Stage Line, KAGAR BROS., Praps. Carrving D. S. mail from Bowie Station via Solo monville to Ft. Thomas, connecting with Btsge for Globe. A daily line of stages is run be tween above points, connecting at Solomon ville with stage line for Clifton and Upper Gila at Bowie Station with the Southern Pacific rail road. P. R'y.