Newspaper Page Text
THE AKJZONA' KEPUBLICAN: FKIDAY MORNING, APRIL 19, 1895. WINTER FISHING. Bine Bass Caught in the Big Mis souri River. Only tho Larger Fish Bite During the Cold Weather Bobbers and floata Cued Instead of Poles at This Season. The past winter has heen the coldest known in the Irondale (Mo.) section for many years, and. Big river has been frozen longer and more solidly than was ever before known. This continued freeze made the fish very eager for food, being unable to obtain any in the deep pools where they have taken refuge for the winter. All the minnows sought safety in the spring branches for which Washington county is noted. This fact led to a great deal of fishing by people who, under ordinary circuiastancjss, never go near the river. The sight of fifteen or twenty black bass lying on the ice at one time is one to please the most skillful angler, and this was by no means an unusual circumstance here the past winter. Big river, says the St. Louis Globe Democrat, is an ideal haunt for bass on account of its banks being lined on either side by towering bluffs of solid rock, and the bed is covered with big bowlders, forming a perfect elysium for the black beauties. In the summer time one can see them calmly lying in the shadows of these rocks, or else shooting up the currents in pursuit of the agile minnow, which he is so anx ious to secure for his dinner. The only bait used for the bass by the na .tive fishers is the "top-water" minnow, which is remarkable for its vitality, living for hours where a minnow of any other variety would die in a few minutes. These minnows can easily be obtained in the small creeks which flow into the river by setting a net and driv ing them into it, as many as one hun dred being caught at one time. It is easy, even at this time of the year, to pro cure them by going near a spring where the natural warmness prevents its freez ing. Instead of the pole the fishers use a long line with a cork attached to regulate the depth of line to be let out and to prevent the minnow from get ting under the rocks on the bottom. The other end of the line is attached to a heavy piece of wood, which is left lying on the ice near the hole. These holes are cut every few steps and have a baited line in each. The fisher stands where he can watch his "bobbers," and it is very seldom he has to wait long, for the fish are always hungry and bite fast in the winter. As soon as the "bobber" disappears- the fisher draws 'n his fish and baits again. He some times has two or three lines out at a time on account of the bites. It is interesting to watch the fish strike the bait. The water is as clear as crystal, and one can lie down on the ice and see the performance very plain ly. I have often noticed a school of i;UT or five bass come up to a bait and swim slowly around it as though de bating which should have the first bite. Directly one, generally the largest, will make a run, grab the minnow and start for some large rock or the bot tom. By the time he has all the slack line out he has the bait swallowed and himself hopelessly hooked. The ethers will dart away when the struggle be gins, but when the noise ceases they will come cautiously back to see what the trouble was. The same perform ance is gone through again, and some times until the whole school has been caught, but frequently they become suspicious and will not touch the bait again. After moving up close and slow ly backing away a time or two they will suddenly dart away and be seen no more at that hook, but they are almost sure to be caught on some one of the others. It is a curious fact that only the larger fish will bite during the win ter, a very small one being scarcely ever seen. In the summer the large ones will hardly ever notice the bait. The largest bass ever known to have been caught in this vicinity was a four and one-half-pounder. This is consid ered a remarkably large one, as the average is about one pound. The fish caught at this season are very nice in the . flesh, being firm and sweet, while in summer they are soft and not good. DUELING IN GERMANY. The Custom Growing with the Increase of Standing Armies. Germany is full of people who believe that militarism is responsible for every evil from souring the milk to enlarging the emperor's head, and their argu ments are taken generally with several grains of salt, says the Boston Globe'. However, as regards dueling, they fceem to have a fairly strong case. They have shown that the spread of dueling has followed the growth of standing armies; that.it is most prevalent in France, Italy, Germany, Austria and Bus:da, the five great military powers, vrliile in England and even in hot blooded Spain, it has fallen into dis repute. That since the armies began to grow in 1S71, the annual number of duels in Eurcje has increased from about seven hundred to thirteen hundred and fifty or fourteen hundred, and that, with every man trained to be a soldier and to cling to -the army traditions of swords and pistols for two, the chal lenges and meetings will multiply so fast that only tramps, burglars and saloon brawlers will be left to give the criminal court an excuse for existence. That a German officer who declines to fi;;ht when insulted will be loreed cu b of the army at once is known toall. That the emperor thinks this en ccnra.crrciit to break the law against dueling juLt r.nd necessary is known to all who know him. Thiit the war minister has declared repeatedly that the courts are not lia ble to protect a soldier"s honor has been published fifty times within the last week. Under these circumstances, which are duplicated in Russia, Austria, France and Italy, the laws enacted by the five big military powers against dueling can only be as useless as the laws against sJariday opening in American CLEAN WELL WATER. How It May Be Had at All Seasons of the Year. The well upon the farm may be a source of very great danger to the household. It certainly is so if the conditions of soil and location are such that drainage from the farm buildings can in any way enter them. The soil FIG. 1. " FIG. 2 INCLINED STRATA. DIPPING STRATA. is not everywhere of a homogeneous character. It is often in layers, one being perhaps loose and open to the passage of liquids down through it, while directly underneath may be a stratum of nearly impervious clay. Such layers of sbil, moreover, are rare ly to be found existing in a perfectly level condition, but inclined sometimes very sharply and again with but a gradual dip. Fig. 1 shows such a structure of the soil, and a well dug down through it. It can be seen at a glance that liquids soaking down upon the left-hand side and striking a layer of clay or other more or less impervi ous soil, will be conveyed directly into the well. . ' When it happens that nothing filthy exists upon the surface on the side where the strata slope toward the well, the water remains ?ure, but when the reverse is true, there is nothing to hinder the filthy liquids soaking down and running finally into the well, made somewhat less harmful, but riot wholly so, in their passage through the soii. Fig. I shows another structure cf soil that is often found. . Here the strata dip on two sides toward the well, which has perhaps been dug purposely in a depression, with the idea of a greater likelihood of there finding water. Any filth on two sides cf a well may thus be conveyed into it. Moreover, in the case of soil that is homogeneous in character there is a natural drainage toward a well, as is indicated in Fig. 3. ; Land drainage is toward both wells and drains. Tile drains laid three rods apart and sunk four feet underground, drain all the land between unless it be FIG. 3. FIG. 4. NATURAL DRAIN- PROPERLY PROTECTED AGE. WELL. a retentive clay soil. The land midway between two drains has its surface water conveyed away mostly by seep age. But all through the land adjacent to a tile drain the water also makes a few little channels for itself toward the tile. Is is known that such little chan nels are made from points as faraway as twenty-five feet from a four-foot drain. It may be taken for granted, then, that a well drains naturally a very large area about it, and the im portance of allowing nothing of a filthy nature to exist within that area ought to be apparent. It sometimes happens that a well is contaminated by matter brought from a considerable distance by surface water in time of a spring freshet or a heavy rain at other sea sons. To obviate this the ground about a well should have a height of some two feet, a mound like arrangement around the well curb, as shown in Fig. 4. A well may also be contaminated by earth worms, rats, mice or toads. It is wise, therefore, to lay the upper por tion of the wall in cement and bring the wail up tight under the platform. Ventilate by an opening covered by wire. Orange Judd Farmer. TO PRESERVE BIG GAME. Western Reserves for the Breeding of BnSalo, Elk, Etc. Most wild animals are much more lo cal in their habits than we imagine; that is, they become attached to some especial small range of country, to which they confine themselves at cer tain seasons of the year. We see, says a writer in Harper's Weekly, the same thing in our domestic stock on the range. A bunch of horses will live for months in some little set of ravines, feeding over the same ground day in and day out, until some change in the weather causes them to move to another locality. The same is true of range cattle, though they wander more than horses. Though all species of our western wild game wholly change their range in spring and autumn, yet, after they have settled down on their sum mer or winter ranges, the area that they cover in their daily wanderings is not extensive. At certain hours of the day they go to water: at a particular lllflllf ITTr WW Cf NVv ' 7. i time they will be found lying down, usually in the same place, or feeding in the same neighborhood. The hunter established in one locality, who is fairly observant, who has time to fa miliarize himself with a particular range of country and its wild inhabit ants, and who does not wantonly disturb them, will learn after a J time just where to look for small groups of the various species. On a horse ranch, where, in the past, . have spent much time, I came to know ex actly where to go if I wished to find two or three little companies of mule deer or of antelope, and at last believed that I could recognize the different in dividuals of the various groups. In the same way I know certain valleys, plateaus, or ridges where I can be quite sure of finding a little bunch of moun-, tain sheep, known to be the same by number and ages of its members. I have watched for several successive days the same family of white goats feeding on the mountain-sides above my camps, and can go to certain rough slopes of slide rock and precipice where these animals are always to be found. That elk and moose have essentially the same habit I have no doubt, al though I have not been able to verify my belief by observation in the case of these species. The caribou is said to be more of a wanderer. . In the National park there are be lieved to be now about two thousand buffaloes, fifteen thousand to twenty thousand elk, five hundred antelope, and an unknown number of moose, deer, mountain-sheep, and bears. But there is no reason why there should not be many other such breeding-centers, where big game should be preserved and very greatly increase. ' Correct Measurement. Some six years ago there lived in the city of X a rather eccentric old man, remarkable for his shrewdness; who kept a pork shop. Three young fellows, thinking to have some fun with him, entered his shop one night and asked what his pork was a yard. The old man promptly replied: "One dol lar." One of the young men then said: "IH take a yard." "Where is your money?" said the old man. The dollar was laid down, which the old man quickly pocketed, and then produced three pig's feet, with the remark: '"Three feet make one yard." Notice to Voters. The ereat register for the eity of Phoenix for the municipal election for the fiscal Tear 1895 lfcy6 to occur on May 7, 1895, is now open for the registration of voters, at the city recorder's office, at the city hall ;The bookB for registra tion win close on Apru-22, ibuo. JtU. OVQ W AKi A, ' Citv Recorder. "Notice. The owners of unnumbered houses within the limits of the City of Phoenix are hereby notified and required to have, on or before the 1st day of May, A. D., 1895, all of said houses properly and legibly numbered in conformance to toe urumnnce 01 sam uuy. i ailing so to do thev will be proceeded against according to law. , uy oraer 01 tne uiry uouncn. ,. THOS. D. MOLLOY, City Marshal. Dated this 10th day of April, A. D., 1895. Summons. In toe District Court of the Third Judicial District of the Territory of Arizona, in and for the County of Maricopa. LEWIS WOLFLEY. riaimin, vs. C. P. LEITCH, E. A. CUTTER, J. A. B&iliiiT, w. F. HICHOLS, NEIL P. Mc CALLUH, HORACE E.DDN LAP, P. B. SOTO, MAX MAYER AND H. A. MOR GAN, Defendants. Action brought in the District Court of the Third Judicial District of the Territory of Arizona, in and for Maricopa County, and the complaint filed in said Maricopa County, in the office of the clerk of said District Court. In the name of the Territory of Arizona to C. P. Leitch, E. A. Cutter, J. A. Blight, W. F. Nichols, Neil P. MeCallum, Horace E. Dun lap, P. B. Soto, Max Mayer and H. A. Morgan, defendants, greeeting:' You are hereby summoned and required to appear in an action brought against yon by the above named plaintiff, in the District Court of the Third Judicial District of the Territory of Arizona,. in and for Maricopa County, and ans wer the complaint therein filed with the Clerk of this said Court, at Phoenix, in said County, within ten days after the service upon yon of this summons, if served in this said County, or if served out of this said County and within this said Judicial District, then within twenty days thereafter, or in all other cases within thirty days thereafter, the times above mentioned being exclusive of the day of service, or judgment by default will be taken against you. Given under my hand and seal of the Dis trict Court of the Third Judicial District of the Territory of Ari zona, in and for Maricopa County, seal this 9th day of April, A. D. 1895. J. E. WALKER, Cleik of said District Court. By Lewis Joedah, Deputy Clerk. Notice to Creditors. Estate of Annie M. Dameron, deceased. Notice is hereby given by the undersigned administrators of the estate of Annie M. Cam eron, deceased, to the creditors of and all per sons having claims against the said deceased. to exhibit them, with the necessary vouchers, within four months after the first pub ication of this notice to the said administrators, at rooms 1 and 3, Young block, in Phoenix, Ariz. the same being the place for the transaction of the business of said estate, in sa'.d County of Maricopa. L. D. DAMERON, R. M. DAMERON, Administrators of the estate of Annie M. Dam eron, deceased.. Dated at Phoenix this 19th day of March, 1895. machine hhof. iapital Machine Shops Madison St. Bet. Are prepared to do all kinds Iff 1 Pipe Fitting, MMIUC M DOM TOK. Farm Machinery. We have recently opened the finest equipped Bhop in the territory, and during the spring months will make the repairing of threshers and farm machinery a specialty. Separator Cylinders Skillfully Balanced. Sickles Ground and Repaired. M. 8. W EBB. E. E. LINCOLN & CO. CrBOCEBIEH. m hi 41 West Washington St., Health Resort. The best place in Arizona to spend the sum mer months. Altitude, 4500 feet; atmosphere, very dry. Water excellent, good table. Loca ted in a forest of live oaks. Send for descrip tive leaflet. E. S. DODGE, Oracle, Pinal Co., Ariz. You Do Not- Realize what a good thine vou are missing for your children by not giving mem a poucy oi one or two tnousand dollars in the Child's Aid Association, which they will draw when 21 or 25. or sooner if death will overtake them. L. J. Wood, secretary; Dr. Tut tle, medical examiner; Judge Reno & Son, gen eral agent. Phoenix, Ariz. Dr. Hardy, Practical Dentist. The most modern and difficult Crown and Erldgework skillfully performed. YOUNG BUILDING, Opp. Commercial Hotel. - - - Up Stairs. DR. E. C. HYDE, DENTIST ALL' wort guaranteed. Crown and bridge work a specialty. Prices to suit the times. Ulfice and residence 20 N. Second Ave. San day hours 10 to 1. . Real JBst.ate. J. T. SIMMS, ml Estate OWNER. 27 W. Washington St., Cor. ol Wall St. Haloon. The Palace, SDS.B.EIBSCEFELD,Fro. Imported and Domestic TOES, LIQUORS AHD" CIGARS, PHOINIX. ARIZONA. ichelieul TELEPHONE NO. 78. 21 South Center St.. PHCENIX. M. E. HURLEY, THE LIVE BUTCHER. CHOICE STEAKS AND ROASTS. BEST KEPT MARKET IX PHOSNIX. IXPKRIENCED CUTTERS. FREE DELIVERY IN THE CITT. Center and First Ave.. Phoenix, Ariz. JTl'l YiT 1 Wholesale and Retail 'Groceries, Crockery, Queensware, Stoneware, and Glassware. FRESH GOODS RECEIVED DAILY. PHOENIX, ARIZ. "EL PASO ROUTE" Texas and Pacific The Great Popular Route Between T Short line to NEW ORLEANS, XAN8A8CITY CHICAGO. ST. LOUIS, NIW YORK and WASHINGTON. Favorite line to the north, east and southeast. PULL MAN BUFFET SLEEPING CABS and solid trains from El Faso to Dallas. Fort Worth. New Orleans, Memphii and St Ionia, FA8T TIME AND 8URE CONNECTIONS. mmr ...... jwui .KAbB au A CUH Ml. Pacific Railway. For maps, time tables, ticket Biui that vnn 4a1.a4-. 4 f iwB biiu an reuuiruu miurmanou, call on Ot address any oi the ticket agents. B. F. DARBYSHIRE, Gen. Agt. El Faso, Texas GASTON MESLIER. ' Gen Pass, and Ticket Agt., Dallas, Tex. Gila Valley, Globe & Northern R. R. Co. TIME CARD NO. 4. October 20, 1834, at 1 a.m. Between Bowie and Pima. Miles STATIONS. Miles from . Bet. K 1 Bowie Sta'ns No 2 A. x. (Mountain Time.) p h 10:00 ut. Bowie Ar. 5:60 10:51 17.3 Bailey's Wells 17.3 4-59 11:15 25.4 Kail N. Ranch 8.1 4:35 11:55 34.8 Solomonville 9 4 4:05 12:20 39.5 8afford 4.7 840 12;S4 42.7 Thatcher 3.2 3:16 12:42 45.2 Central 2.5 3:08 12:60 47.8 Ar. Pima Lv. 2.6 8:00 p- M' P, M. ii.uinv.1 cuuuects wun ooumern Facinc tram No. 19, ea tbound, passing Bowie Junc tion at 7:50 a. m Train No. 2 connects with Southern Pacific train No. 20, westbound, passing Bowie Junc tion at 6:35 p m. Trains 1 and 2 run dally except Sunday and connect with stage line at Pima to and from Fort Thomas, San Carlos, Globe City and Tonto Basin. The company reserves the right to vary this schedule as circumstances may require. WM. GARLAND, President. STAGE LINE, From Tucson to Nogales. M. G. SAMANIEGO, Prop LEAVES TUCSON at 6 a. m. on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. LEAVES NOGALE8 at 6 a. m. on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. The fastest stage line in the territory. -Good norseB and careful driver. Fort Thomas and Globe Stage Line. LAY TOM BROS, Props. Runs both ways between Fort Thomas and Globe every day. Special rigs for drummers or families when desired. SAVE TIE AND MONET By taking the cheapest and quickest route from Solomonville to Sheldon station and Clifton, or from Clifton to Solomonville. Only nine hours making the trip either way. Green's regular mail hack leaves SolomoriTille for Shel don station every Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 8 o'clock a. m., arriving at Sheldon by 3:30 p.m., making close connections with the train from Lordsburg to Clifton. Return ing from Sheldon to Solomonville on arrival wf train from Clifton every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, arriving at Solomonville by 4 o'clock p. m. We shall spare no time or ex pense to make it to the interest of all who will favor us with their patronage. Commercial men and others who have to travel on odd days can always be accommodated by timely notice. Fare, $5; round trip ?7.50. We have a corral at Solomonville, where we give animals good care and plenty to eat and drink. Saddle horses, teams and buggies to let Thanking the public for their liberal patronage hereto fore bestowed and asking a continuance of the same, we remain yours respectfully, N. GREEN & SON. SOLOMONTILLB. Ariz.. March 14. 1894.