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PHCENIX, ARIZONA, THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL I 2, 1896.
VOL. VI. NO. 166.
U -J- -ML
ill ill til i!f llf Til Til ill III
For Men, Boys
Regular Price $2,50,
H SHOE AND CLOTHING STORE
Remember Oar Free Labor
m boers m
Preparing to Challenge
Are Apparently Aided by Ger
many. Near Pretoria Are Reared Ironclad
Forts Armed with Modern ,
CAPE TOWN, April 1. Advices
from the Transvaal show toe work of
preparing for war is being continued
rthere night and day. Gangs of men
relieve each other at intervals in toe
work upon armed forts designed to
protect Pretoria, plates for which 'have
been furnished by the Creusot works,
and guns by the great Krupp firm of
Germany. The drilling of artillery
men under German officers goes on
openly every day. There is oo longer
any concealment in the preparations
A foreign legion composed almost
entirely of Germans, who have re
cently entered the Transvaal, is or
ganized. This force .will be mostly
infantry and artillery, the Boers be
ing relied upon to furnish all cavalry.
The general opinion expressed here
is that the company's officials and the
British home government greatly un
derestimate the serious state of af
fairs wMch prevails here. This seems
to be especially the case with the Brit
ish government, and it would seem
that the latter must Te intentionally
or unintentionally misled by the
Chartered company offiolaJs or others.
MILWAUKEE, April 1. Reports
from northern Wisconsin show that
the snow storm which lasted until
noon today was toe worst in years.
Banks of snow ten feet deep blockade
the streets of this city. One Wiscon
sin Central train is off the -track, and
two .trains on the same Jine are stalled
in the snow within the city limits
Railroad traffic is at a standstill all
through toe storm region.
WASHINGTON, April 1. Official
advices received by toe state depart
ment from representatives of toe
United States show that Dygert, a cit
izen of Illinois, has been arrested by
toe Spanish authorlo'.es. The Span
iards had under consideration the
ill III ill Hi ill ill ill ill ill
of his release at once, but '
after an examination concluded toe
circumstances concerning his move
ments warranted further inquiry.
TRAIN HELD UP.
Robbers Blow Open the Express Safe,
But Do Not Molest Passengers.
LEBANON, Mo., April 1. The east
bound cannon-ball train No. 6 on the
St Louis & San Francisco railroad was ! consideration till next morning hav
T !t'h.re m l!e3.esl o tow city at iing ,Deen refused by toe secretary, as
10:05 by three masked men.
The safe I
was 'Diown open ana roDoea. l ne tod-
bers boarded toe train here at 12:05
and after reaching the scene of toe
robbery they overpowered toe engi
neer, stopped toe train and with toe
engineer in front marched to the ex
The messenger refusing to open up
the door it was blown open with dyna
mite, the safe cracked and the con
tents removed. Severay packages of
valuable papers were found this morn
ing beside the track and in some way
money which had been overlooked.
The passengers were not molested.
.A brakeman. furnished a fair de
scription of the men to the officers in
pursuit and toe railway officials are
confident they .will be apprehended.
While the amount secured by the rob
bers is known to have been consider
able the local express officials will not
give an estimate.
wells, Fargo & Co. express officials
here say the amount of money secured
by toe robbers who. held up the St.
Louis & San Francisco train near
Lebanon this morning was only $1,277.
About 100 mounted men are in pursuit
of the robbers. Bloodhounds will bp
put on their trail.
GUTHRIE, Okla., April 1. The no
torious outlaw, Carl Thorn, alias Dia
mond Point, who led toe raid at
Coffeyville, Kansas, and who, while a
member of the Dalton outilaw gang,
killed four men, was killed this morn
ing by a deputy marshal at Dover.
The outlaw and officer exchanged ten
shots. Richards, the deputy who
killed Thorn, will get a $3,200 reward.
At McKelligon's you can get the
finest hand-made sour mash. Bourbon
and Pennsylvania rye whiskies. No.
21, East Washington street.
For a solid sweet loaf of home made
bread the Star bakery at Five Points
takes the lead. Telephone 65.
W . G. C. Pitt, manager of "The
voice oi Laoor, San Francisco, says:
"i nave used Park's Tea in my family
for some time. It has no equal for
liver trouble or "biliousness." Sold by
v. Eschman & Co. 3,
HOGHEB IRES BIS EXIT
No Tragic Scenes Attend the.
Peremptory Teleurams Are Sent
from Washlnaton Ordering
Yesterday afternoon, at 4:40 Louis
!C. Hughes formally vacated the chair
of governor of "Arizona, by him filled
. for the past three years and gave over
I the power and records of the office to
XX Charles M. Bruce, secretary of the ter-; TtZ
, ritory and now acting the govrnor. wj""ot TJL
The had been anticipation that! SJIS L'
XX ' double would ensue before toe change ' a 'eI, fSSL4 UJ
XX in the executive office would be made. ' tese senators win devolve toe task
The evening before Governor Hughes ' ' m a Wow or jtwo at toe ad
5$. had announced that he would hesitate ! stratum, under toe guise of -55
at least before obeying even a strict ; Seating a. mudhbusedwtrn gov-
order from toe president and that he f nor- 3!f f?
X X 1 proposed to hold his place till his sue-' ln S
Ticessor should have been confirmed by . t Tf'JZ'
! ltne senate sumably the committee on. territories,
XX Secretary of Territory Bruce had tel-: ,but 't'hat alone will not be all the de
ll I ,.i ttto.-w i lay sought
! .rirma ta,ti,,r th. iHne-hP hA rPfPfl .
to vacate. In response, at 11 o'clock'
a ' .,,
'AHINCTOf D C 4.pril 1
b h,. 1
1 odr.w a;... ir.,XL. .
has been removed as governor. The
president directs that you take pos-
session of the office at once as acting
governor under the law.
(Signed) "JOHN M. REYNOLDS,
,u r! H.i. -
5 X ;;; .ror0H r,,r , : r;ifolte telegram, which was never
thori'ty for immediate possession. De
lay w!23 asked and granted till 3
cal.ea upon hi.s neighbor across the
.i,v Rtiw o--uin f M.a -wa
offices was refused or delayed. "I
have had no notif ation," said Hughes.
"The telegram yST. lioli in your hand
may be a forgery." He then suggest
ed that the matter be left in its exist
ing shape for a few days, he in the
meantime to hold the office and title,
but not to perform any official actions,
This Bruce refused, informing Hughes
that he considered himself governor
and that the man who opposed him In
his demand was perpetrating an un
lawful act, from which he might he
made to severely suffer. Upon toe
point of a possibility of a forged tele
gram, he stated to the governor that
he surely held ampis corroborative
evidence in the 'letter announcing im
pending dismissal received 'by him
(Hughes) on Monday.
Finally a stay of time for further
weu gg a suggested stay till 6 o'clock,
, hnnT. .oa W8, SH,t fnr a fllinl A.
minntinTi hv TTnhAs in ha
In leavung, Secretary Bruce advised
toe governor that if he did not then
vacate, toe United States marshal and
attorney wouild be summoned from
Tucson to eject him.
The hour came, and, escorted by his
secretary, F. B. Devereaux, and by
three newspaper men, Secrelary Bruce
entered toe executive chambers. Be
side Governor Hughes, toe only others
present were Private Secretary El
drldge Jordan and Territorial Treas
"Governor," was the query, "have
you determined upon your course?"
The governor had been seated hack
of his desk in his comfortahle revolv
ing chair, and looked even yet some
what the worse from his street ex
perience of several day3 before.
Arising and addressing the secretary
he answered: "I have, and my decis
ion is to turn this office over to you."
He then spoke for about five minutes,
stating that while he had received no
notification wnaitsoever of his dis
missal from office, he was inclined to
admit the genuineness of toe secre
tary's dispatch, and had no disposition
to impede the course of public busi
ness. He said that he did mot think
he had been treated fairly by the pres
ident, yet toe president had -undoubt
edly acted in a belief that his act was
for toe best interests of the people.
He (Hughes) still' believed and would
ever believe Grover Cleveland to be
one of the grandest characters of
American history. He had given the
people of Arizona an administration
that was honest, economical and one
which he knew they would approve.
He wished Mr. Bruce all success dur
ing ' toe time that he should occupy
the executive chair and trusted that
his successor would not be called upon
to endure what he had endured. As
a private citizen and as a Damocrat
ne pledged his 'loyalty ito toe ijicoming
administration and retired -from office
without feeling against anyone. Mr.
Jordan, he saiid, was in full possession
of all the records of the -office and had
full knowledge of the pending busi
ness and upon, him also he would leave
toe task of gathering up his private
papers and' forwarding them to Tucson.
Secretary Bruce signified his accept
ance of the transfer, whereupon L. C.
Hughes,.-private -citizen, picked up his
tot and overcoat and departed, the
secretary pausing only long enough to
iplace the office m toe charge of Mr.
Jordan, as custodian for the time be-
i To a -Republican representative ex
' Governor Hughes stated he would re-
turn to Tucson and would there open
a. law office. He had business enough
in his personal affairs to keep him
busy for many months. He had dis
posed of his interest in The Star, yet
might on occasion contribute to the
editorial columns of that paper, though
not taking the active management.
It is understood, however, that this
action of Hughes in surrendering his
office, does not at all dispose of his in
terest in it, and that, whether by his
volition or no, that an attempt will be
made to hold up the Domination, of B.
J- raian m uu rcu puaus
atoraal investagatooa into the cir-
cumstances of Hughes' removal. It is
known that the governor and his
The purposes of the deuaycannot he
I1?3 'Z Z ir'TE? 1nT
bination who have tried guessing at
officeholders in Arizona would not be
avers to even that small extenuu of
toeir terms of office.
; Still Governor Hughes insists that
i he is pleased to be relieved of a re
sponsibility that has of late grown
, very distasteful to him and insists that
he wai3 not trying to maintain his of
fice through any motives other than
ie pertaining to Re public good.
As an evidence of thijs he shows the
sent, but which was offered as a com-
promise, and rejected by Secretary
. T , t, iv4 t v. rB
from Jonn M- Reynolds that I have
been removed by you as governor and
that you direct that he (Bruce) take
possession of office as acting governor.
Having received no direo': oflicial no-
tifieation, please advise me if above is
correct, and if so will .most cheerfully
comply with your order.
"L. C. HUGHES,
"Governor of Arizona"
Throughout his interviews with
Secretary Bruce, Hughes insisted that
he had received no -telegraphic instruc
tions concerning his dismissal, but
that, after he had turned over toe of
fice, he returned to hiis hotel, there to
find awaiting him toe following tele
gram: "WASHINGTON, D. C, April 1.
"L. C. Hughes, Phoenix, Arizona
You have heen removed from office
of governor. The presddent directs
that you turn over office to secretary
(Signed) "J. M. REYNOLDS,
Thjis was the battle fought Bruce
is the governor, and governor wild he
be for the time, long or short, that
may elapse before the presentation of
toe credentials of his successor.
A Settler Is
Killed and His Place
SAIN SIMON, Ariz., April 1 The
settlers here are wrought up to a high
pitch over the murder of Alfred Hands
by Apaches. Hands' head was crushed
by rocks and his abdomen cut open.
The Indians robbed his cabin and de
stroyed what they couild not take
away. Cowboys and.a detachment of
cavalry under Lieutenant Rice are in
The sellers will ask toe territorial
government to form a band of rangers
to help exterminate this band of
A BIG UNDERTAKING.
SAN FRANCISCO, April 1. Plans
are being prepared for a bridge across
toe bay from -San Francisco to Oak
land. The Terminal company is be
hind toe scheme and it is said the
plans contemplate a passage for right
of way of trains as well as other modes
THE OLDEST FREE MASON.
JAMESVILLE, Wis., April 1. Fred
erick A. Humphrey, said to be the old
est Free Mason in the United States,
died here yesterday, aged 95 years.
He belonged to toe Masonic fraternity
seven ty-Hou' years
THE PACIFIC RAILROADS.
WASHINGTON, April 1. The Pa
cific railroad committees of the two
houses ihave suspended toeir work in
order to procure certain data from the
secretary of toe 'treasury to enable
them to proceed Intelligently in the
preparation of a bill they propose
READY TO SAIL.
TOULON, April 1. Three French
warships have been made ready to
saiil at a moment s noace.
by the Savages
Introduced by Toltec or Aztec
The Opinion of an Indian Well In
formed In Tribal
The .following is respectfully sub
mitted as supplemental to an article
ia your issue of March 12, headed
"Prehistoric Free Masonry," in which.
toe questrlon is raised whether or not
any of the aboriginal races of North
America ever had recourse to the ben
efits of Free Masonry.
Sever al years ago. while on the con
tributory staff of an eastern metropoli
tan paper, I interviewed on this sub
ject a civilized and cultured Indian,
and later on had toe results thereof
published. But as I have not toait ar
ticle at hand I can only give a conden-
saiaon thereof from memory.
This Indian, then nominally con
nected with the Sioux nation, under
Red Cloud and Spotted Tail, was not
hereditarily one of them, but had his
origin in a tribe encountered earlier
and farther east in Minnesota, I
think. He had mot only a good Eng
lish education, hut was a regularly
trained and licensed medical practi
tioner. Though a full Wooded Indian,
he had the polished and varied ac
complishments of one who has mingled
only with toe most cuutured men and
women of toe world. He was then,
about 70 years old, but well preserved
an respects,, and his mfe was a
white woman of elegant style and at
tire. He was also a cattle raiser of
considerable . means on a range in
northwestern (Nebraska, since oblit
erated hy the hungry wave of home
stead emigration. . I 'believe he is now
Since early manhood he had been in
! government employ as a commissioner
: treating with tribes and relics of tribes
i ec-attered over the United States and
J British America, and for several years
prior to the Cu9ter massacre in 1876,
and afterwards as occasion demanded,
he served the government as scout,
interpreter and intervenor among the
hostile tribes. His knowledge of toe
Indian tribes was therefore as com
plete and accurate as, was possible to
any one man. . - '
After discussing with him toe his-
ory of the aborigines of the prairie
states, I put this question to him:
"Doctor, is it true that Free Masoary
has ever existed among Indian races
were those most noted in United
States history members of that broth
erhood?" To tois replied, in a diation not only
grammatically correct, but peculiar in
its recitative style and poetic measure
of sound and accent:
That there ha3 for ages existed
among toe American aborigines an or
der of nobility whi.eh could command
the recognition and respect of modern
Masonry I am quite sure; but whether
toe two ever had a common origin, or
saah was a like inspiration from Di-
vene wisdom to two different races,
that is a question wito which I have
labored with the devotion both of a
modern Mason and an Indian: but so
far it vain.
'Since that time fin early manhood
wnen toe Great Spirit swept aside
from me the mists of birharism and
let fail on me the sunlight of civiliza
tion, I have had an ambition to become
toe Josephus of the red men; to hand
down to Americap literature an ac
count of his wars and his antiquities.
But alas, there has never been among
the Indians any other record than the
noiiched sticks of the old men- intelli
gible only to themselves, -reminders to
rae wavering memory, and prompters
to the garrulity of old age. The
notched stick, inter,pretab!e by its
keeper only, was (cot handed down to
posterity. The history of his time
and tribe which the barbarian Homer
recited at the osmpfire, were sung
never again when death had sealed his
"So when I began to gather the ma
terial for my antiquities I found none
authentic but those already in United
States history. When I perceived
among the survivals of the tribes
signs and traces of symbolic Masonry,
and I asked their chiefs, sages and
old men whence and how they obtained
those sacred relics, toey replied in
variably, 'From our fathers.' But
whence, and how to them? And toey
replied, 'That is buried with them and
the pa&u Again I asked, 'What bene
cm confer upon you?'
'The errb.ng of cur lives.' Lastly I
inquired, 'Why in this advanced age
perpetua :-e the mysticism and hailing
signs of the hnry past?' 'To toe
end,' s-iil '.hey, 'that when we enter
toe real.-, of eternal morning the good
and w-1 "ad greit of all ages past
may iv-:,.;";ize us, greet us and take
us into coiiiiaim.on with them for
"So o- ay ni)-, iquities of this sort
(Continued on Eighth Page.)