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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, February 06, 1899, Image 1

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VOIi. IX. NO. 263.
Fierce Battle Fought
at Manila.
American Troops Soon Poured
in Deadly Volleys. '
Aguinaldo's Forces Com
pelted to Give Way.
Dewey the Hrst One to Report the
Enaagement to the Authorities
at Washington Administration
Shocked as ' it Had Hoped
Throughout to Be Able to Avert
an Open Rupture General Otis
Cables That the City is Quiet
and That the Troops are in Ex
cellent Spirits Effect of the
Battle Upon the Peace Treaty.
Manila, Feb. 5, 8:15 p. m. The long
expected rupture betwoen the Ameri
cans and Filipinos has come at last.
The former are now engaged in solv
ing the Philippine problem with the
utmost expedition possible.
The clash came at:40 p. m. yester
day evening when th.ee daring Fili
pinos darted past the sentinels of the
Nebraska regiment at Santa Mesa, but
retired when challenged. They re
peated the experiment without draw
ing the sentries' fire, but at the third
attempt Corporal Greely challenged
the Filipinos and then fired, killing
one of them and wounding another.
Almost immediately afterward the
Filipinos line from Calvocan to Santa
Mesa commenced a fusilade which was
ineffective. The Nebraska, Montana
and North Dakota outposts replied vig
orously and held their ground until
reinforcements arrived.
The Filipinos in the meantime con
centrated at three points, Calvocan,
Gagalgingin and Santa Mesa. About
1 o'clock a. m. the Filipinos opened a
hot fire from all -three places, simulta
neously. This was supplemented by
the fire of t(vo siege guns at Balik
Ealik and by advancing their skir
mishers from Pacoa and Pandaean.
The Americans responded with a tar
rific fire, but owing to the darkness
they were unable to determine its ef
fect. The Utah light artillery finally suc
ceeded in silencing the native "battery.
The Third artillery also did good work
on the extreme left. The engagement
lasted over an hour.
The United States cruiser Charleston
and gunboat Concord, stationed off Ma
labona .opened fire from their second
ary batteries on the Filipinos' position
at Calvocan and kept it up vigorously.
At 2:45 there was another fusilade
along the entiie line and the United
States sea-going double turreted mon
itor Monadnock opened fire on the en
emy from off Malate.
With daylight the Ame. leans ad
vanced. The California and Washing
ton regiments made a splendid charge
and drove the Filipinos from the vil
liges of Pace, and Santa Mesa.
The Nebraska regiment, alio dist'ii
guished itself by capturing several
prisoners and one howitzer and a very
strong position at the reservoir, which
is connected with the water Uvorks.
The Kansas and Dakota regiments
compelled the enemy's right flank to
retire to Calvocan. There i.vas inter
mittent firing at various points all day
The losses of the Filipinos cannot be
estimated at present, hut. they were
known to be; considerable. The
American losses arc estimated ai
twenty killed and 125 wounded.
The Ygorates, armed with bews ana
arrows, made a very determined stand
in the face of a hot artillery fire, and
left many dead on the field. Several
alternate, weie made in tliL. city yes
terday evening
ican officers.
to assassinate Amer-
Washington Hardly Expected to Re
ceive Such Startling Information.
Washington, Feb. 3. Admiral Dswey
today cabled to the navy department
that hostilities 'had 'begun between the
American army and the naval forces
in and about Manila and the Philip
pine insurgents. He said the insur
gents had been the aggressors and had
been repulsed. The following mes
sage was received this morning:
Manila, Feb. 5.
To the Secretary of the Navy, Wash
ington: The insurgente here inaugurated a
genera engagement last night which
has continued today. The American
army and navy is generally successful.
The insurgents have been driven back
and our line advanced. No casualties
to the navy.
(Signed) DEWEY.
The situation is regarded here as
rather anomalous from a diplomatic
standpoint. Legally, the Filipinos are
still Spanish subjects and therefore if
operations continue outside of the
limit3 of Manila as laid down in the
protocol, it will amount to a re
sumption cf the war with Spain, at
least technically.
The officials noted cne little flaw in
Dewey's dispatch, in which he spoke
of the American ansy and navy as
generally successful," conveying just
the least intimation that at some
points 'the results were not as satis
factory as at others. ,
Jt is inferred here that this might
mean the development of weakness at
some of the more exposed points on the
American lines which might be easily
explained by the fact that the attack
was made at night and perhaps im
plies points where 'the insurgents
cculd creep closer up in the shelter
of the tropical jungle that grows near
ly up into the town of Manila.
Every confidence, however, is felt
that General Otis is master of the sit
uation. This confidence is based not
only on this morning's cablegram, bui;
from repeated assurances to that ef
fect conveyed by General Otis to
Washington from time to time during
the past few months.
'No one here kncv.s the real strength
of the insurgents opposed to General
Otis. Accounts of their number are
conflicting and none of them come
from reliable sources. Still the best
belief of the authorities at the war
department is that they number about
30,000 men, but they are not compara
ble to the American forces in person
nel, discipline or quality of arms.
It is known that they have some
Mausers, some Remingtons and a va
riety of other firearms, and it is sus
pected they 'have been quite plentifully
supplied with ammunition, from out
side sources. Taken as a whole this
armament is decidedly inferior to that
cf the American troops.
Then, too, they are commanded by
inexperienced officers, in many cases
even colonels of regiments being not
more than 21 years of age, and with
their lack of kcwledge of tactics thsy
are at a great disadvantage.
Their strong point is their knowl
edge of the country and their certain
fanatical bravery in an onslaught that
would be formidable to a volunteer
force' not well trained to stand fire.
Like the Cubans they rely too much on
a s-wcrd-like weapon, corresponding to
the machete, a weapon of little value
against long range rifles.
Altogether the war department offi
cials have not the slightest doubt of
General Otis' ability to hold his posi
tion indefinitely, pnd the only cause for
apprehension is the fear that by tak
ing to the interior of the country,
which is pratcically impassable for the
American troops in the approaching
rainy season, a prolonged Indian fight
ing stylo of campaign may follcv. Be
sides 'his soldiers General Otis has at
his back in Manila bay and command
ing the city, a veritable rock of Gib
raltar in Dewey's fleet.
. .
V the trefitv nf nen"o wis in itsj
most critical stage.
home senatorial opponents of the
ratification of the treaty adhere to
their position, but the general opinion
in Washington tonight is that the news
from Manila insures th.3 ratification of
the treaty 'tomorrow afternoon.
The news of the beginning of an
other war came from Admiral Dewey.
No word had been received from Gen
eral Otis up to nightfall. It seems
to be Dewey's fortune always to be
able to report favorable news and like
all of his messages that have gone be
fore, this cablegram told of the success
of the Amerianc forces in action.
It was 'with great regret, however,
that the administration learned that
the insurgents had forced an issue. It
has hoped all along that they could be
brought to see the advantages of
placing their trust in the American
people and relying upon the president
to deal justly with them.
One cf the first steps of the admin
istration upon hearing cf the
outbreak at Manila was to give at
tention to the presence in Washington
cf Agoncillo, ths accredited reiresent-
ative here of the Philippine insur
gents. They would not say whether
or not any steps had been taken look
ing to his expulsion from t'je United
States or to his arrest, but his status,
it can be stated, has already been the
sub jest of careful study.
The officials have been lath to dis
turb him; first, because they did not
care to martyrize him unnecessarily,
and second, because they did not care
to expose themselves to the criticism
that they were interfering improperly
with! the supply of information and
arguments respecting the Philippine
question whil3 the trer.ty was ponding
before the senate.
It is possible, however, now that
their patience is exhausted, believing
as they do that he has in some fashion
been connetced with this outbreak,
that they may be aroused to the point
of action.
It was said at the state deparement
plainly that Agoncillo was either a
traitor or a spy. If the Philippines are
regarded as American territory then
he is the representative and active
agent of an insurrection against the
United States, and as such is a traitor.
If the Philippines are still in the
nominal possession cf the Spanish
then as a state cf i.var still technically
exists, he tan bo regarded only as a
spy. At the veiy least his presence is
highly obnoxious and there is said to
be ample authority for his expulsion
by presidential order.
signal officer, is the first news received
from the army at Manila:
Manila, Feb. 5.
To General Greeley, Chief Signal Offi
cer: Action continues since early this
morning. The losses are quite heavy.
Everything favorable to our arms.
(Signed) THOMPSON.
Col. Thompson is chief signal officer
on the staff of General Otis.
:ays Perfect Quiet Preva'is in
nil'a and the Vicinity.
Washington, Feb. 6. The following
dispatch was received at 1:15 this
"Manila, Feb. 5. To the Adjutant
General: The situation ia most satis
factory and no apprehension need be
felt. Perfect quiet prevails in the
city and vicinity. The list of causual
ties are being prepared and will be
forwarded as soon as possible. The
troops are in excellent health and
"(Signed.) OTIS."
Tiio FII p'no Spy On H.'s Way
Canada as Fas; as He Can Go.
New York, Feb. 5. A dispatch to
the Herald from Albany, N. Y., says:
"Agoncillo, the representative of the
Filipino junta in this country passed
through this city tonight enroute for
Canada. According to tho information
received by the correspondent of the
Herald, the United State r govern
ment has no intention, of arresting
Agoncillo and will allow him to pro
ceed across the Canadian line."
What They Say cf the Effect cf the
Battle cn the Treaty.
the opinion tonight that enough votes
would he found to ratify it. This
morning he said he did not see where
they would then come from, but he
has had information since indicating
that one or two waverinz senators
would find in the conflict Which has
occurred at 'Manila an excuse to vote
for the treaty.
Senator Hale, one of the republican
opponents of the treaty in the senate
could not be seen.
Senator Martin of Virginia who is
one of the opponents of the treaty
said: "The news from Manila will
not have any effect on the treaty, no
man will change his mind on this ac
count." Senator Teller, a staunch supporter
of the treaty said: "Our army is in
Manila by right of conquest and under
the laws of war we are justified in
maintaining our position there against
all who may attack us. I think it
most fortunate that the peace treaty
was not ratified the first week after it
came to the senate."
Senator Frye, a member of the peace
commission and a supporter of the
treaty said: "The condition is now
what I have been predicting every day
since the discussion of the treaty be
gan. The absurd compliments that
have been heaped upon Aguinaldo and
the delay in ratifying the treaty have
had the effect of encouraging him to
make an attack before reinforcements i
from the United States could arrivo at
Senator Lindsay who will vote for
the treaty says: "To my knowledg3,
it would have been better if thera had
been an earlier disposition of the
treaty by the senate, for I think a col
lision would have been prevented by
ratifying the treaty. WTe have never
acknowledged the independence cf the
Filipino government and the United
States forces are lawfully at Manila."
ods of instruction and the teaching of
English. It is believed by Gen. Henry
that the ignorance of the masses in
Porto Rico is due not so much to the
character of the schools under Spanish
dominion, as to the fact that, although
attendance is obligatory, the law was
not uniformly enforced. Gen. Henry
says there is so much poverty among
the lower classes, added to climatic
and racial causes, that little disposi
tion is shown among the adults to
work. Hence children from an early
age are made to labor, especially in the
country, where the educational ad
vantages' are usually the rarest and
poorest. .
Bitterness in the Senate Brought
Out Over the Peace Treaty.
Agrulnaldo's London Representative
Tells why They Made the Attack.
The news came like a shock; for the
administration, though apprised that
an ugly situation prevailed in the Phil
ippines, had clung steadily to the hou.i
that by tact and patience, actual fight
ing might be averted and even these
pu'olic men who felt that hostilities
would follow should the treaty be rat
ified and the United States attempt to
occupy the islands, believed that
Aguinaldo would nt force tus fighting
London, Feb. 5. A representative cf
the Associated Press saw the London
representative of Aguinaldo this even
ing. He did not express surprise at
the news from the Philipp'ns ItlanCs,
but declared that tue Filipinos at
Manila were suspicious of the attitude
of the United States and had formed
the opinion that it was better to fight
before the Americans were reinforced.
The representative added tht
Mabini, the head of the Filipino cabi
net and his colleagues were convinced
that if the Americans wore beaten
now, public opinion in the United
States would "Insist upon the main
tenance of Filipino independencs."
Washington, Feb. 5. 'Senator Lodge
of Massachusetts, a member of the
committee cn foreign realticns. when
se?n tonight on the Philippine situa
tion, said: "On the proposition pre
sented I am in favor of standing by
Dewey and Otis as against Aguinaldo.
Our status in the Philippines is. under
the protocol, we are in possession of
the city, oay and harbor of Manila. We
are acting under a truce with Spain.
Those people who have attacked the
United States forces are in the eye cf
international law, still subjects of
Spain and would be until the treaty is
"They have violated the truce and
are .cur public enemies, and should be
treated as such. It was known a week
ago that Agoncillo, the representative
of Aguinaldo in Washington, was
ready ts pack up and go a"ay, giving
up everything, but the action of those
who have opposed the treaty and the
assurance he has received from some
one resulted in his remainins. and the
encouragement which the Filipinos
have received from the United States
has no doubt led to this attack upon
the American forces."
First Dispatch From Otis Says
Lines Are Well Out.
Washington, Feb. 5. The following
cablegram from General Otis has been
received at the war department:
Manila, Feb. 5.
To the Adjutar.t -General, Washington:
Have established our permanent
lines well out and have driven off the
insurgents. The troops 'have conducted
themselves with groat heroism. The
country about Manila is peaceful and
the city is perfectly quiet. List of
casualties tomorrow.
(Signed) OTIS.
Madrid, Feb. 5. The Spanish gov
ernment lias no news of the conflict
at Manila. It is added that the gov
ernment of 'Spain will act in the most
correct manner anil scrupulously re
spsct the treaty of Paris.
Says Everything Is Favorable to the
American Arms
Washington, Feb. 5.
felcgrani jut received
The following
by the chief
Senator Gorman of Maryland, who
is the leader and organizer of the op
position to the treaty in the senate,
said! as to the effect of the conflict
at Manila would have upon the treaty:
"It will have no effect whatever. What
has occurred is the result of what has
been predicted 'by the opponents of the
treaty all the time. The opponents
cf th-3 treaty said that trouble would
come if we handled those people with
out gloves and undertook to force our
selves upon them without thek; con
sent. This battle can have no effect
upon the opponents cf the treaty in
any way." .
Senator Pettigrew: "We could have
no possible difficulty with the people
of the Philippines if we had given to
them assurances that we did not pro
pose to overthrow their newly estab
lished liberties : instead;, we made a
treaty with! Spain by which their
country was ceded to the United States
and we besian at once to ooeupy it with
troops and send reinforcements which
i.vas sufficient to cause alarm. The dis
patch of several thousand more regu
lars lately, of course, created appre
hensions on the part of the people of
the I mlippme repuonc. We sliciild
do now what we should have done in
the first piace, state to the people of
tiio.se islands our good intentions and
say to them, 'Establish your republic
and we will not allow other nations to
interfere. Give us your bonds to reim
burse us for cur expense in securing
you you,, liberty. We will welcome you
to the family of republics of the world."
The course cf the administration on
the contrary has been one of criminal
aggression and apparent bad faith.
There can be no question in the minds
of any one who has road the instruc
tions to the peace commissioners that
the president's purpose always was
to make permanent claim to- the island
j of Luzon. To turn upon an ally in
this way is certainly tne greatest in
ternational crime of the century."
Senator Elkins. who has been very
aciive in favor of the treaty, expressed
Senator Harris who has been gener
ally regarded as doubtful on the
treaty said: "I announced several
days ago that I expected to vote for
the treaty and I only regret that the
votes could not have been secured be
fore the battle of Manila occurred, as
I think such action would have had a
tendency to pacify the natives and
keep them quiet."
Senator Cullom, a member on for
eign relations and a supporter or me
treaty said: "The fighting at Manila
is a very serious affair and I am sorry
that it occurred, but I am gratified
that our army was able to more than
hold its own. There is only one thing
to do and that is to stand our ground
and if more troops are needed the
government ought to send them
promptly. Until the treaty is ratified
we are technically at war with Spain,
and our army was sent to the Philip
pines as one of the means of conquer
ing Spain. Probably the attacs was
made by Aguinaldo and his followers
in the hope of influencing the s:nate
of the United States to defeat the
treaty. It ought to be regarded by
every patriotic American as a reason
why the treaty should be ratified with
out a day's delay."
Washington, Feb. 5. Whatever may
be the result of the vote which is to be
taken in the senate tomorrow on ths
ratification of the peace treaty with
Spain, the subject of the relations of
this country to the Philippines un
doubtedly will be the uppermost topic
in the senate during the week.
The hostile demonstration of th3
Filipino forces under Aguinaldo rend
ers this result inevitable. This oc
currence has had the effect intensify
ing the feeling in the senate which had
grown out of the controversy over th9
treaty and which was almost at fever
heat. On this account.it will be ver
difficult for the senate to take up
other subjects.
For the present, all interest centers
in the outcome of the vot3 on the
treaty. This vote will mark the closa
of one of the most memorable con
tests that ever occurred in the ssnate.
An Interesting Publication Jnst
Issued by Uncle Sam.
There are 126 Colonies, Protector
ates and Dependences of the
World and Their Total Imports
are of an Average Value of
s 1 ,5 00,000,000 AnnuallyGreat
B Main, of Louse, in the Lead.
Washington, Feb. 5. With but four
weeks of session remaining Speaker
Reed and the rules commutes of the
house have taken the rein3 in their
hands to keep the road clear for busi
ness which must be transacted in order
to avoid an extra session. But four
appropriation bills remain to be acted
on by the house.
Nothing definite has been s.tt'el
about the Nicaragua canal bill, Haw
aiian or shipping bills, but they are
too important to be hurried through
under suspension of the rules.
Reports as to Deficiency of Powder
Did Not Apply to Navy
Says Insurgents Were Driven Back
and American Troops Did Nob.y.
Washington, Feb. 6., 12:15 a. m.
The following dispatch from General
Otis has been made public:
"Manila, Feb. 5. Adjutant General,
Washington: On the evening
of the fifth cf February the
insurgents opened an attack on
our outer lines at 8:45 and
repeated the attack several times dur
ing the night. At four o'clock this
morning their entire force was en
gaged. All their attacks were re
pused at daybreak. The American
troops advanced against the insur
gents and have driven them beyond
the lines they formerly occupied! cap
turing several villages and their de
fense works.
"The insurgent's loss in dead and
wounded is large. Our own causuali
ties thus far are estimate at 175, very
few fatal.
"The troops are enthusiastic and
acting fearlessly. The navy did
splendid execution on the flanks of the
"The city has been held in check and
absolute quiet prevails. The in
surgents have secured a good many
Mauser rifles, a few field pieces and
some quick-firing guns with ammuni
tion the last month.
"(Signed.) OTIS." "
Washington, Feb. 5. It was in ac
cordance with the wishes of President
McKinley that former 'Minister Wood
ford, while In Madrid, exhausted the
arts of peace until preparations could
be made for war. The president, rea
lizing .the condition of the army, es
pecially pleaded for delay from con
gress, while the secretary of war and
the secretary of the navy made every
effort to put their respective services
in condition to meet the test of battle.
But if Minister Woodford stated lie was
informed there was not in American
ships or in ordnance depots two rounds
of powder per gun at that time, he
must have referred to the army and
not to Che navy. ;
"If Mr. Woodford received such in
formation on February 18," said Cap
tain Charles O'Neil, chief of the naval
bureau of ordnance, "his information,
so far as it concerns the navy, was in
correct. The magazines of all the
shi'os cf the service were practically
full of ammunition. The navy depart
ment had for some time before the
war felt that hostilities were impend
ing and had taken measures to keep
the ships well supplied with potwder
and projectiles."
!In his annual report Secretary
Long stated that immediately after the
destruction of the Maine "command-eis-in-chief
of stations were ordered
to husband ammunition."
Captaiu 0NTeil is under the impres
sion that the cargo shipped by special
train was carried to Manila by the
City cf Pekin, which left for the Phil
ippines the latter part of May. The
Charleston also carried ammunition
to Rear Admiral Dewey's squadron.
Gen. John Eaton Appointed Superin
tendent of Schools in Porto Kico.
Washington, Feb. 5. Col. James A.
Sexton, commander in chief cf the
grand army of the republic and a
member of the war investigation com
mission died this morning.
Washington, Feb. 5 Assistant Sec
retary of War Mciklejohn has received
a letter from Gen. Henry, military
commander in Porto Rico, in which he
says that he hpr? appointed Gen John
Eaton, formerly United States com
missioner of education, to be superin
tendent of public schools for Porto
Rico. Gen. Henry says that staps have
been taken to secure the services of
fifty or more American teachers for
the especial purpose of introducing
ia the inland American liieth-
Considering a Plan to Increase the Tax
On Mining Corporations.
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 5. Gov. Pingrea
is contemplating a campaign against
the copper mining interests of the up
per peninsula. For years he has railed
against the big earnings of the Cal
umet and Hecla and other copper
mines and the comparatively small
taxes paid by these corporations. Now
the governor is considering a bill pro
viding that the great coppsr mining
companies pay to the state a tax on
the market value of their stock. At
present the companies pay only a
smrll county tax.
It is estimated that should the b 11
pass, the Calumet and Hecla would
pay ten times as much taxes as it doe3
now, and all other compan'es wou'.d
pay in proportion.
Washington, Feb. 5. (Special.)
"The Colonies, Protectorates, and De
pendencies of the World, their. Area,
Population, Revenues and Commerce,
and the Share of the Mother Country
in their Commerce" is the title of a
publication just issued by the treasury
bureau of statistics. '
The colonies, protectorates and de
pendencies of the world number 12S.
They occupy two-fifths of the land sur
face of the globe and their population,
is one-third of the entire people of the
earth. Their total imports average
$1,500,000,000 worth of goods annually,
and of this vast sunn more than 40 per
cent is purchased from the mother
country. Of their exports, which con
siderably exceed their imports, 40 per
cent goes to the mother country. Large'
sums are annually expended in the
construction of roads, canals, railways,
telegraphs, postal service, schools, etc.,
but in most cases the present annual
expenditures are produced by local rev
enues or are represented by local ob
ligations. The revenues of the Brit
ish colonies in 1897 were 151,000,000
and their expenditures 149,000,000.
While the public debt in the more im
portant and active of these communi
ties aggregates a large sum, it i3 rep
resented by canals, railways, public
highways, harbors, irrigation and
other public improvements intended to
stimulate commerce and production,
the railroads in operation in the Brit
ish colonies alone aggregating 55,090
Of the 126 colonies, protectorates, de
pendencies and "spheres of influence"
which make up the total list, tlwo-fifths
belong to Great Britain, their area (in
cluding the native feudatory states of
India) being one-half of the grand
total of colonial territory and their
population considerably more than
one-half the grand total of colonial
population. France is next in order
in number, area and population of col
onies, etc., though the area controlled
by France is but about one-third that
of Great Britain, and the population of
her colonies less than one-sixth of
those of Great Britain. Commerce be
tween the successful colonies and their
mother countries is in nearly all cases
placed upon practically the same basis
as that with other countries, goods
from the home countries receiving in
the vast majority of cases no advan
tages over those from other countries
in import duties, and other exactions
of this character. In the more pros
perous and progressive colonies the
percentage of importations from the
mother countries grows somewhat less
as the business and prosperity increase.
The chief British colonies in North
America (Canada and Newfoundland)
which in 1871 took 50 per cent of their
importations from the home country,
took in 1896 less than 30 per cent from
Great Britain; those of South Africa
(Cape Colony and Natal) which in 1871
took 83 per cent from the home coun
try, took but 71 per cent in 1896; those
of Australia and the adjacent islands,
which in 1876 took 48 per cent from
the home country, in 1896 took but 40
per cent. The French colonies now
take from the home country about 42
per cent of their total imports, while
the British "colonies obtain about all
of their total imports from the home
' The tables show:
1. The colonies, protectorates, de
pendencies and "spheres of influence"
of various countries of the world hav
ing possessions of this character, with
area, population and number of colo
nies in each case.
2. The British colonies, protector
ates, dependencies, etc., with area,
population, revenue, expenditures, in-
debtedness, shipping and railways, also
the imports and exports and the share
of the home government therein.
3. The commerce of the British col
onies and the snare of the United King
dom therein, at 25 intervals from 1871
to 1896.
4. French colonies, protectorates
and dependencies, showing their area,
population, location and date of . ac
quisition. ,
5. Commerce of tho principal
French colonies, with the share of
Fiance in the same at at the latest at
tainable dates.
6. The German colonies, protector
ates and dependencies, with area, pop
ulation, location, date of acquisition,
and form of government.
7. The Netherlands colonies and de-
(Concluded ou Eighth Page.)

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