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I CA W Thoi G AWord Jr 0 JLi. Supt At Km.t Library Cony : TENTH YEAB. PHCENIX, AEIZOJSTA, SATURDAY MOEKIKG, DECEMBER 9, 1S99. VOL. X. NO. V05. ARIZONA To n JL .o.Jdj IN SOUTH AFRICA Many Movements But no Accomplishment. LADYSMITH HOLDS OUT Methuen Be stores Railway Comm-m-unicaticns Without Lessening His Danger The British Are Moving: Against Colenso Gentril Buller and Prisoner 'White in Heliographic Conversation. London, Dec. 9. Lord Methuen's res toration of the railway while relieving a load of anxiety here, accentuates the dangers still threatening his morce. It is gathered from a brief official dis patch that Commandant P'rinz Loos' contingent was taken between forces acting from Belmont and southward from Modder river. It is quite possible, however, that 1 reinforcements were sent to Belmont merely as a precautionary measure. .There is little other news of import ance. Reinforcements are rapidly arriving at Sterkestroom to strengthen General Gatacre, including much needed artil lery. The authorities expect speedy news that General Gatacre has taken the offensive, thus diverting a portion of the Orange Free State forces now obstructing the advance of General Methuen. A war office dispatch from General Buller confirms the statement that heliographic communication has been fully established with Ladysmith and that General Buller and General White have been conferring as to their future movements. The following advices have been re ceived from General Methuen's force at Modder river under date of December 5th: The Boers are seen daily passing between the Spytfontein and Jacobs dahl laagers. They frequently fire on the patrols. The mounted infantry re ceived a severe fire while patrolling six miles toward the north. There were no casualties. An hour's cannon Are has been heard at Kimberley. While nothing in the latest message from the British camp at Modder river indicated an immedi ate advance it appeals that Pretoria has news that fighting was resumed Wednesday. It is not show n, however, whether General Methuen has advanc ed on the new position taken up by the Boers or has merely er.gaged in recon naissance in force. Reports were again current at Orange river Tuesday, De cember 5, that Mafcking had been re lieved. It is known through the dis patches from Magalapye that prepar ations were completed there to advance In force November 15 from Rhodesia. The war office has just issued the fol lowing: "No further news has arrived from General Methuen today but the following has been received from the Orange river station. The railroad cul vert was blown up near Gras Pan this morning. The telegraph wire was also cut. Guides report the heavy firing of guns toward the north." MULES AND BEEF. American Contributions to the South African Disturbance. Kansas City, Dec. 8 A local commis sion firm today announced a closing of a contract for the delivery of 1000 pack mules to agents of the British govsrn ment for shipment to Cape Town. Chicago, Dec. S. Libbey, McNeill & Libbey have shipped 7."0,0C0 pounds of canned beef to the British army in South Africa. O A Commissioner's Report. Showing the Standing of Arizona as as a Maritime Region. Washington, Dec. 8. (Special.) The report of the commissioner of naviga tion for the fiscal year shows by a statement by states and territories the number and gross tonnage of registered enrolled and licensed vessels of the United States, June 30. Arizona has three registered vessels, with a tonnage fit 560, and one licensed vessel with a tonnage of fourteen. A Dostoffice has been established at Ray, Pinal county, Arizona, and Charles R. Clanberg is appointed post master. Pensions have been granted as fol lows: Arizona. Original, John Rees, Pres cott', $S; Marion C. Fanner, Phoenix, $8; Minnie E. Buckley, Phoenix, $S; Al len E. Smith, Prescott, $6; Andrew Hansen, Phoenix, $30. New Mexico. Francisco Trujillo, Cosletta, $6; John Kendall. La Plata, $6; Josefa Duren de Gurule, Halls Peak, $8; Ysidora Chavez, Lincoln, $12; Peter Jones, Central, $10; Regino Ra- mora. Old Albuquerque, $12; Julian Martinez. Taos, $G; Marcus O. Thomp son, Chloride, $G; Luciano Aichuleta, Cayate, $8; Antonio Abad Moraga, Pa tarito, $6 Jose Celilio Salazar, Questa, $6; Juan Vigil, Chamita, $9. Increase Antonio Padilla, Las Vegas, $S to $10. o NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC EDITOR. Kansas City, Dec. 8. It was an nounced here today that Willis J. Ab bott has been selected to take charge of the press bureau of the national democratic committee. SPECIAL SILVER COINAGE. Washington, Dec. 8. The secretary of the treasury today ordered the pur chase of silver bullion for a special mintage of the 50,000 Lafayette sou venir dollars, and arrangements are making to mint them. RAX DOWN A HAND CAR. A St. Louis Train Kills Two Men and Injures Two More. St. Louis, Dec. 8. A suburban pas senger train on the Burlington road ran down a hand car bearing five men 100 yards west of the bridge at Alton, III., today, killing two men outright and injuring two. G0EBELITES GIVE UP A Contingency on Which a Contest May Be Made. Frankfort, Ky., Dec. 8. All pretense of a fight for a certificate of election as governor has been given up by the Goebel people and whether a contest will be made in the legislature is really yet to be determined. It will depend very largely upon the wording of the opinion which Commissioners Ellis and Pryor will hand down tomorrow morn ing. If it implies that the commissioners believe fraud was committed, which might invalidate the election, then they, as a canvassing board, have a le gal right to go behind the certified re turns and it is almost certain a con test will be made. Otherwise, it is un certain. Neither Commissioner Ellis nor Judge Pryor made any denial cf the fact that they would decide that Taylor is entitled to a certificate. They would not discuss the matter, but tacitly ad mitted that it was true. A RIGID RULE To Head of Democratic Dilatory Tactics. Washington, Dec. 8. The committee on rules of the house of representatives today decided to bring in a rule for the consideration of the finance bill gen eral debate to begin next Monday and continue until Friday. Debate will continue under the five minute rule on Saturday with a provision for a vote on Monday, December 18. Mr. Roberts was not in the house when it convened today. It was agreed immediately after the reading of the journal that when the house adjourned it be to meet on Monday. Dalzell of Pennsylvania from the committee on rules then presented the amendments to the rules agreed upon by the committee, for the creation of a committee for insular affairs to con sist of seven members. Representative Lentz of Ohio intro duced a resolution reciting charges in connection with the use of troops under Brigadier General Merriam at the Ida ho mining troubles and asking an in vestigation by a special committee of nine members of the house. Dalzell closed debate for special or der and the roll was called on Its adop tion. The special order was adopted, 1G3 to 144 a strictly party vote. At 1:30 p. m. the house adjourned until Monday. Representative Berry of Kentucky said today that he would use every ef fort to secure the early consideration of his joint resolution giving the thanks of congress to Rear Admiral Schley. The committee which is to inquire into the status of Mr. Roberts of Utah held a protracted session behind closed doors today. During the early hours of the meeting Mr. Roberts was pres ent and made a statement as to his general wishes in connection with the inquiry. He said he specially was de sirous of having the committee go into his prima facie right to a scat, after wards taking up the general merits of the subject. He said he favored open sessions. Nothing regarding the pro ceedings has teen given out yet. Representative Hitt of Illinois in troduced a bill to provide a territorial form of government for Hawaii. DISSATISFIED DEMOCRATS. Washington, Dec. 8. The democratic caucus committee of the senate today considered the reorganization of the senate committees. A disposition was manifested to resist the demand of the republican senators for increased rep resentation upon the leading commit tees, but no definite conclusion was reached. The democrats are especially displeased with the prospect of not be ing able to fill one of the vacancies on the finance committee. THE END OF IT ALL The Carnival Went Out in a Blaze of Glory, 'TWAS A WILD NIGHT Programme of Yesterday Included a Steer-Tying Contest the Most Exciting Ever Witnessed in Ariz onaExhibition in the Morning. Scenes of the last Carnivcl Night. The town of Phoenix emerged last night in flame and smoke and racket from the warmest week since the found ing of the city. The last end of it was the hottest and the last day, though the novelty was somewhat frayed, was really the best of all. While everybody is glad that there was a car nival as an illustration of what Phoe nix tan Co v.hcn it feels like it, no body regrets that it is over. As a finan cial success its utility is doubted. Mer chants, professional and business men generally say it was a paralyzing sea son. They got little out of it but the fun. Hotel keepers, lodging house pro prietors, saloon and restaurant keepers made small fortunes and would perhaps like to have an other carnival month. A great many thousand dollars were left in town by the visitors, but the beneficiaries claim that their shares of tne windfall were not so great when it is taken into account that the expense cf extra preparation was heavy. The programme was taken up yester day morning where it was left off the night before. At Lightburne plaza the Indians en tertained a large crowd, and' the cow boys repeated their street performance, which consisted of a ride at full speed through the streets, firing as they rode. The Apaches and Pimas were the chief entertainers at the plaza. There was a contest in arrow shoot ing, a tug of war between Apaches and Pimas, and a foot race between an Apache Indian and a Pima brave. In both instances the Apaches carried off the honors. The Indians were mount ed in the tug of war and rode horse back. Mariner's juvenile band serenaded the board of trade late in the after- noon and was presented with a box of choice fcalt River valley oranges by Secretary Chapman. This band ren- dered valuable service during the car- nival week, and received rr.anv com- pliments for its excellent music. The youthful personnel of the band at- j llke a stranger m a great city, his attracted general attention from first position was even worse than that, for to last. The members seemed to enjoy here and there some person would ap the carnival and they were given an Pear and address him, and he was corn opportunity to witness the most inter- ' Polled to stand like a wooden man, esting events each day. A WILD NIGHT OF JOY. Perambulating Thousands in Grotesque Masquerade. I'm m m m ! Hoop-la. Did you see the show? Everybody was in everybody was of it. it, and nearly , It was the biggest thing of its kind that ever was, and its kind was big. The small boy could hardly wait for sundown yesterday to don his masquer ade clothes and, as soon as twilight giive him license he was on the street. Sister was not far behind, and Sue and her young man were promptly on hand when the procession started. "Mam" and Aunt Em fired the sup per dishes in the corner and pulled out from under the bed the costumes they ! had been so diligently at work upon in I secret for the last month. "Pap", had , a little business at the office, but he got i nival drama, wnicn nas Deen tne great away from it somehow and the kids all ! est success of any enterprise ever un- found him before the evening was far advanced. Seemingly there had been no set pro gramme arranged. No one knew exact ly what they were going to do, or if they did, they would not tell. But it was carnival night the great bonibastic-fantasiie-demonstrativc- cli max to a whole week of crystallized hi larity. Seemingly without any previous in struction, thourands just naturally drifted toward West Washington street and about 7 o'clock they came march ing east through the city, the various bands heading different divisions. Nearly all wcrei supplied with Roman candles and as they passed, the street was a blaze of light and glory. Busi ness men burned colored lights in front of their places, the sidewalks were jammed with people, both masked and unmasked, and the whole picture was like a scene in fairy land. There were at the least calculation a thousand people in the parade. An hour later the number was probably quadrupled. There was positively no way of estimating the number present. It seemed as though every one in the world was there, making some pretense at masking, and all were out for fun. They had it. There was no commanding officer present. Rather, all were generals, each one commanded him or herself, and each one had his hands full. After the column had marched and countei-marched till all were satisfied it broke ranks and then the real fun did begin. It wa3 a general mixup, and they mixed up every where. The doors of all the Washing ton street resorts were opened and everybody entered just to see every body else and the tiger. In sV places and at some times you Vee more men than women. i some with escorts, but many without. That, however, made little difference, as it was carnival night and free li cense was given. Phoenix was on her honor, and her honor stood the test. All due respect to women and children was observed and those who took a peep at the tiger were as safe without an escort as with one. There were some good women in the city who did not care to participate in the festal scenes, yet wanted to gratify their curiosity to see the inside of a saloon. This they could do and did safely do unmasked and accompanied by their escorts. From this hour on till midnight the scene on Washington street was a per fect wilderness of handsome, gro-1 tesque and quaint costumes. Some of them were expensive, and in the cut and colors beautiful to behold. Others were worthy of note for their utter lack of an approach to an idea or an ideal. Some gave evidence that much time and money had been spent to make their wearers look pretty, while others seemed to glory in the acme of a distorted combination. Every race of people that now exists on earth or that has been recorded in the annals of ethnology was represent ed in all its variations, and others that it will take a million years to classify were in evidence. Then came the monstrosities. Cos tumes, half male and half female, and within them, possibly, your own wife, husband or sweetheart. Many seemed to be inspired by the one idea that they must cover up, no matter how. And faces! Talk about them. The human face was worked over in more I ways than could be told about in books, while the masks were simply of incon- ceivable variety. Many even stole their features from the lower animals and wandered about like a menagerie humanized. Many, of course, who simply came to see were not masked. Some were prevented by business or other reasons. But they enjoyed it just the same. The greater number of the maskers looked like fools, but those who were not masked felt like fools ! and weI1 nitTh concluded they were be fore the night was over. Imagine Mr. masculine reader, a pretty female hand shaking your horny paw while a cheery voice says "Hello, Charlie." Her face protected her, while Charlie's face was a dead give away. Were it cov ered he might be a little impertinent in questioning the identity of the dear girl before him. But as it was every break he made and every erroneous guess will be told on him today. Many wo men dressed in men's attire. By the way, for those who wanted to see the sights it was the best possible costume. They could not hide their femininity, but their identity was as unknowable as the secret of life. Hundreds of men and boys affected the feminine char acter, bat it was seldom one could play the part. "A'lad woulcTTrtrut around all evening i Pa lns iaaj anuwnen it oreuireu 1 J CInl to 6 nome, or amy caueu mm elsewhere, he would pick up his skirts I and streak like a Jackrabbit. I All the city was incognito. The man I who did not mask walked the streets wondering whether he was talKlng to his wife or the kitchen maid in his own household. The ludicrous was present ed from every imaginable view. Wash ington street never saw a more cos mopolitan crowd. There were the most amusing exaggerations of nation al character and costume ever seen. Prince Bismarck bumped up against the czar of Russia, and General Miles hobnobbed with privates and civilians without regard for his rank. But it is useless to enter into detail or further particularize. Those who were present can never be brought to an adequate realization of what they missed. The most of the masqueraders participated in the ball at O'Neill hall. There they danced till late in the morning, when the masks were removed and a general recogni tion brought the crowd into closer touch. The hall was crowded to its fullest, and the participants enjoyed the occasion immensely. It was the last scene in the closing act of the car- WITNESSED BY THOUSANDS. The Last Day's Events Drew the Largest Crowd of the Carnival. l Fully 15,000 people witnessed the events at the south end park yesterday afternoon. The carnival association had Arranged to provide an addition to the amphitheater, but the crowd could not have been accommodated even if this was done. If it extended half way around the mile track the people might have been seated. As it wa3 the am phitheater was lost in the mass of hu manity. Extending on either side and circling with the track the crowd reached three-quarters of a mile. At the grand stand people were packed against the fence several hundred deep, and back of this mass stood hundreds of carriages and horsemen. The business places of the city were closed in some instances to allow the employes to attend the afternoon's at tractions. Every range within 100 miles sent its quota of punchers. It was a day for punchers from morning till night, and the city was filled with horsemen. There were a thousand of them at the park to cheer the champion bronco buster as he rode up to the judges' stand. During the last events of the afternoon the crowd became more compact and a better idea could be gained of its magnitude. Never was such a great mass seen at the south end park. The people paid a most fitting and appropriate tribute to the closing day of a great festival of pleasure. The events at the park began promptly at 1 o'clock. The bronco rid ing came first, and there were ten en tries. Some of the cowboys who had (Continued on Third Page.) GLIMMERING STAB Almost Visible Above the Eastern Horizon, ATMOSPHEBE CLEARED By a Statehood Meeting Held at the Patton Grand Yesterday Large and Representative Attendance and Absence of Friction A Com mittee Appointed to Labor With Congressmen. If the present movement of Arizona toward statehood is as free from hitches as its beginning was yesterday afternoon, the long deferred hope of the territory will soon be realized. The statehood meeting, which was held at the Patton Grand opera house, was, after only two days' advertisement, was well attended by representative gen tlemen from a majority of the coun ties of the territory. There was noth ing to be discussed except the method i cf proceeding toward admission and as there was no difference of opinion even about method the meeting was brief. It was called to order by General M. E. Collins; Governor N. O. Mur phy was elected chairman and was es corted to the chair by S. M. McCowan and Judge A. C. Baker. B. A. Fickas was chosen secretary and the following gentlemen were introduced as vice presidents: T. S. Bunch, E. E. Ellin wood, A. C. Baker, M. J. Riordan, Chas. C. Randolph, George IT. Young, J. C. Evans and I. T. Stoddard. Governor Murphy addressing the meeting sai.l the question for which it had been called together was one concerning which there was no division in Arizona. Previous efforts for statehood had en countered opposition and there would no doubt be opposition now, but the time was propitious. The administra tion was known to favor the admission of Oklohama and in the event of the admission of that' territory the applica tion of Arizona could not be consist ently denied. The governor believed that but the exercise of proper effort the territory might be made a state be fore the close of the present session of congress and pledged himself to do all in his power to accomplish admission. The following committee on resolu ions was appointed: S. J. Darby, chair- man, William Christy, Robert E. Morri- ; son and M. j. Riordan. Pending the report of the committee the governor said that several gentle men were present who desired to ad- dress the meeting. A call was male j for Judge Baker, who arose and said he did not want it understood that there was a personal desire on his rart to make a spr .ch. He had been a resi dent of the .erritory for twenty years and was prepared to state that a terri torial form of government was a fail ure and absolutely unAmerican. There was a time when no other form of gov ernment could have applied to the re gions now included in the territories, but that time was gone and conditions were changed. The people of Arizona he said, were in unison in demanding the right of citizenship in the United States and signs were favorable that the demand would be heard. The time seemed ripe in the midst of the pro gressive movement toward expansion. No political questions were involved in the question cf statehood. "I do not care," said the speaker, "by what party it comes, democratic or republican. If by the latter I will say 'God bless the republican party.' " Judge Baker warned his hearers though that no party would grant ad mission unasked. "We must move," he said, "or remain here. He suggested the appointment of a committee to go to Washington and believed that the application could be laid before con gressmen in such a way that it would be granted before adjournment. Judge Street following, said that he remembered a statehood movement of . ten years ago. It seemed but of yester day. It was a strong movement, but failed. He did not know why, but supposed for political reasons. The same kind of a movement now, he be lieved, would succeed. "We may not," he said, "be given the privilege of vot ing for a president next year, but state hood would be gotten so far under way that it will be assured." The speaker said a friend had jocularly suggested to him that his official term would close with the beginning of statehood. "It will close anyhow before long," was the reply, and I prefer to go back to the practice of law in a state." There is no kind of an advertisement," said the speaker, "which can do Arizona so much good as statehood. The press is useful and powerful and the wonder ful developments of our resources have attracted attention but none of these things have advertised Arizona as admission will do it. We are finan cially able to assume the burden of statehood. I am willing to do any thing I can to further it, I am tired of being in a territory, and am panting for expansion. I want to vote for a presi dent." United States Attorney Robert E. Morrison said that once, in a grand jury room a witness, in response to a question, said he had lived in Arizona before horns began to grow on the toads. "If," said the speaker, "white men have lived here so long, the coun try is certainly entitled to a place among the states." The territory was overflowing with prosperity Mr. Morri son said, and gave proof of it in a con versation he had had with Dr. Lindley of Safford. The doctor in collecting his bills had suggested to his patrons that if it was convenient he would accept! alfalfa, wood, or whatever they could easily spare. They invariably replied that they had more money than hay. The writer was reminded of a tour three years ago, when the valley of the Upper Gila was not so prosperous. In a leisurely trip along it he saw no money but his own and among the farmers, water-melons were regarded as legal tender for the discharge of all local indebtedness. The next speaker was Colonel M. H. McCord. "There is no politics in this matter," said he, "so far as Arizona Is concerned, but there is politics on Capi tol Hill. Before we are admitted many questions will be asked and we will be required to prove that certain fears cf national parties regarding us are un founded. We must show that former objectionable conditions do not exist now. We are clearly entitled to state hood. The average population of twenty-nine states that have been ad mitted was 83,000. I believe our's will exceed 100,000. The average wealth of those twenty-nine states at the time of admission was $29,000,000. Our assessed valuation is $31,000,000." The speaker suggested the appointment of a com mittee of thirty or forty citizens, rep resenting the various sections of the territory, to visit Washington ;a finance committee to raise funds for opening headquarters there and a committee on transportation. M. J. Riordan, representing the north. said that he was a better rooter at a baseball game than at a' statehood meeting, though his enthusiasm and that of all people in the north was as great as it could be. The advantage of statehood he could fully appreciate. He had lived under a territorial govern ment not only since before the horns began to grow on the toads but since before the toads themselves came. Con cerning the fitness of the territory for statehood, Mr. Riordan pointed to the changed conditions illustrated by the rebuke Governor Murphy had adminis tered the day before to a sheriff of the Arizona type of a former generation. The prosperity of the country was won derful. Its mines and mills are working night and day. Its products are famil iar throughout the country and even the oranges of the Salt River valley are found on hotel tables in California.. "It's time," said the speaker, "that we should be doing something for Arizona. We've been lying awake nights think ing about the woes of the Cubans and Filipinos, wanting to give them self government, when we had none for our selves." J. C. Adams regretted the want of in terest which had until now been taken in this subject and contrasted the apathy with the enthusiasm with which people of Phoenix turned out a couple of years ago and raised $600 for the cause of Cuba upon the request of a couple of strangers representing themselves to be connected with the Cuban army. The rest of Mr. Adam's address related to the methods to be employed in the movement, urging the necessity of raising money. In response to a call Mr. T. T. Stod dard said there was no need of taking up time in convincing one another of something about which there was no doubt. He briefly addressed the meet ing regarding the methods to be em ployed and agreed with suggestions made by previous speakers. This ended i the oratory and E. E. Ellinwood moved the appointment of a committee of ten to select a committee to visit Washington and labor with the con gressmen. The motion was adopted and the committee of ten was made up as follows: William Christy, S. M. McCowan, Webster Street, C. J. Hall, J. C. Adams, R. E. Morrison, M. J. Riordan, Jerry Millay and C. M. Fra zier. These gentlemen selected the fol lowing visiting committee, represent ing every county in the territory: Gov ernor N. O. Murphy, E. E. Ellinwood, M. W. Stewart, C. M. Frazier, I. T. Stoddard, George R. Davis, S. M. Mc Cowan, F. M. Murphy, Robert E. Mor rison, J. M. Murphy, Alonzo Bailey, W. H. Burbage, R. A. F. Penrose.C.D. Rep py, W. P. Harlow, H. K. Chenoweth. C. M. Funston, O. D. M. Gaddis, Charles C. Randolph, W. J. Murphy, B. A. Fickas, A. C. Baker, T. E. Farish, W. M. Griffith, W. H. Barnes, J. C. Adams, E. Ganz, J. L. B. Alexander, Geo. W. P. Hunt. In the meantime the committee on resolutions reported as follows: Resolved, That we, the citizens of the territory of Arizona, in mass meeting assembled, do hereby respectfully re quest of the congress of the United States that an act be passed by which the people of Arizona be authorized to form a constitution embracing all the elements of a republican form of gov ernment and that upon the same hav ing been adopted by the people that the territory of Arizona be admitted Into the union of states as a state. Objection was made to the report on the ground that it was contradictory In terms since after the passage of the en abling act there was nothing more con gress could do, but admission could only come by a presidential proclama tion. The resolution was referred back to the committee. The report having thus been disposed of the meeting was ad journed and Governor Murphy, as chairman of the general committee, was authorized to appoint sub-committees and such other com mittees as would facilitate the work. No time was set for the departure of the committee for Washington. The subject was not even discussed. It is certain though that the pilgrimage will not be undertaken until after the holi days. The meeting was entirely satisfactory. So much more was accomplished than had been expected. There was such an absence of friction that it seemed as if the long sought star glimmered above the horizon. THE VICE ADMIRAL. President Favors a Reviving of the Grade. ' Washington, Dec. 8. President Mc Kinley in an interview with Senator Wellington expressed himself In favor of reviving the grade of vice admiral in the Interest of both Sampson and Schley. He believes this will end the controversy. Senator Wellington will introduce the bill. ROME AND RUSSIA Tbe First Papal Mission to St. Petersburg. THE IMPORTANCE OF IT The Pope's Effort to Reconcile the Polish Catholics to the Czar's Government the Price of Rus sian Help to the Vatican Relig ious Differenoes May Be Sur mounted. Rome, Dec. 7. The Czar of Russia has now taken a final decision, the reli gious and diplomatic importance of w-hich can be misunderstood by no one; it is to allow the establishment at St. Petersburg of an extraordinary Papal mission. The history of this affair is peculiarly interesting. At the begin nig of the year the czar understood perfectly how fruitful would be a closer collaboration between Russia and the Papacy. If in other points he has ne glected the positive and weighty inher Itence cf Alexander III, in ecclesiastical matters he has followed up his father's policy with remarkable tenacity. For a moment his mind dwelt on the plan of a . unciature. The national ap peasement of Poland, the reaction, which a policy of intimacy with ' Rome would have on the Slav races and on the Balkan peoples, the close connec tion between ecclesiastical Questions and foreign politics, the subordination of former struggles and internal revo lutions to a gradual realization of Rus sia's mission in history, his deep admiration for the pacifying spirit of Leo XIII, the identity of the Roman questions with the aims of the Franco Russian alliance; all these interests in duced the sovereign to cultivate the friendship of the Holy See. His Ideas were opposed at once by tha old prejudices of M. Pobedonostzew, who has always preached to the Rus sians that the Slav races must be unit ed under the protectorate of the schis matic orthodox hegemony. The latter in his "Political, Religious and Social Thoughts of a Statesman," has tried to prove ethnographically the impossibili ty of a reunion of the churches, and. consequently, of an alliance with the Papacy. Luckily for himself the pro curator of the Holy Synod found effi cient and ardent assistants among the Germans, the Italians and the English. The first oppose vehemently any com ing together of the czar and Rome, be cause William II, supported by the centre, the bishops, the Catholics and many groups, both at Rome and else where, dreams of ressurecting an em pire of the west, with the aid of the church'and of the Holy See, by incorpo rating with Germany the- German speaking provinces of Austria. The Italians, ever uneasy at the growing increase of the Papacy's Influence, op pose necessarily and passionately any radical understanding between the Pope and a political power. The ex tension of the Russian empire in Asia makes England uneasy, and as , the Vatican's assistance renders Russia's task easier and shorter, the British for eign office finds that it must be the active and unrelaxing opponents of this widening of the Roman "pomoerium" for the advantage of St. Petersburg. The time has not yet come for the rev elation of all the secrets about this great intrigue, "nomina sunt odiosa." When this manifold opposition was disclosed Nicholas II substituted for his first Idea a more modest scheme and one less difficult to put into practice: the sending, namely, to St. Petersburg of an extrordinary Papal mission. All seemed ready; the agrement with Leo XIII, the limitation of the questions to be discussed, the choice of ambassa dors, when at the last moment, in Au gust last, some persons of secondary importance who either misunderstood a note of the Vatican or were subject to hostile influences, suggested to the czar that he should put off the date of the mission's departure, on the ground that it offered no benefit to Russia. Politicians of authority, however, have put an end to these intrigues, and on November 2, at Darmstadt, Nicholas II gave orders that his consent should be made to the Holy See. AGAINST THE TRUST. Supreme Court Decides Against tha Pipe Dream. Washington, Dec. 8. In the United States supreme court today the Addy stone pipe case was decided. This case involved the constitutionality of the combination of pipe manufacturers to manufacture pipe, which it was charg ed was a trust. The decision was handed down by Justice Peckham, and was adverse to the combination. It was, therefore, in opposition to the trust. The opinion of the court of appeals for the sixth circuit was affirmed.