I CA W
Thoi G AWord Jr 0
Supt At Km.t
Library Cony :
PHCENIX, AEIZOJSTA, SATURDAY MOEKIKG, DECEMBER 9, 1S99.
VOL. X. NO. V05.
IN SOUTH AFRICA
Many Movements But no
LADYSMITH HOLDS OUT
Methuen Be stores Railway Comm-m-unicaticns
His Danger The British Are
Moving: Against Colenso Gentril
Buller and Prisoner 'White in
London, Dec. 9. Lord Methuen's res
toration of the railway while relieving
a load of anxiety here, accentuates the
dangers still threatening his morce. It
is gathered from a brief official dis
patch that Commandant P'rinz Loos'
contingent was taken between forces
acting from Belmont and southward
from Modder river.
It is quite possible, however, that
1 reinforcements were sent to Belmont
merely as a precautionary measure.
.There is little other news of import
ance. Reinforcements are rapidly arriving
at Sterkestroom to strengthen General
Gatacre, including much needed artil
lery. The authorities expect speedy
news that General Gatacre has taken
the offensive, thus diverting a portion
of the Orange Free State forces now
obstructing the advance of General
Methuen. A war office dispatch from
General Buller confirms the statement
that heliographic communication has
been fully established with Ladysmith
and that General Buller and General
White have been conferring as to their
The following advices have been re
ceived from General Methuen's force at
Modder river under date of December
5th: The Boers are seen daily passing
between the Spytfontein and Jacobs
dahl laagers. They frequently fire on
the patrols. The mounted infantry re
ceived a severe fire while patrolling six
miles toward the north. There were no
casualties. An hour's cannon Are has
been heard at Kimberley.
While nothing in the latest
message from the British camp
at Modder river indicated an immedi
ate advance it appeals that Pretoria
has news that fighting was resumed
Wednesday. It is not show n, however,
whether General Methuen has advanc
ed on the new position taken up by the
Boers or has merely er.gaged in recon
naissance in force. Reports were again
current at Orange river Tuesday, De
cember 5, that Mafcking had been re
lieved. It is known through the dis
patches from Magalapye that prepar
ations were completed there to advance
In force November 15 from Rhodesia.
The war office has just issued the fol
lowing: "No further news has arrived
from General Methuen today but the
following has been received from the
Orange river station. The railroad cul
vert was blown up near Gras Pan this
morning. The telegraph wire was also
cut. Guides report the heavy firing of
guns toward the north."
MULES AND BEEF.
American Contributions to the South
Kansas City, Dec. 8 A local commis
sion firm today announced a closing of
a contract for the delivery of 1000 pack
mules to agents of the British govsrn
ment for shipment to Cape Town.
Chicago, Dec. S. Libbey, McNeill &
Libbey have shipped 7."0,0C0 pounds of
canned beef to the British army in
A Commissioner's Report.
Showing the Standing of Arizona as
as a Maritime Region.
Washington, Dec. 8. (Special.) The
report of the commissioner of naviga
tion for the fiscal year shows by a
statement by states and territories the
number and gross tonnage of registered
enrolled and licensed vessels of the
United States, June 30. Arizona has
three registered vessels, with a tonnage
fit 560, and one licensed vessel with a
tonnage of fourteen.
A Dostoffice has been established at
Ray, Pinal county, Arizona, and
Charles R. Clanberg is appointed post
master. Pensions have been granted as fol
lows: Arizona. Original, John Rees, Pres
cott', $S; Marion C. Fanner, Phoenix,
$8; Minnie E. Buckley, Phoenix, $S; Al
len E. Smith, Prescott, $6; Andrew
Hansen, Phoenix, $30.
New Mexico. Francisco Trujillo,
Cosletta, $6; John Kendall. La Plata,
$6; Josefa Duren de Gurule, Halls
Peak, $8; Ysidora Chavez, Lincoln, $12;
Peter Jones, Central, $10; Regino Ra-
mora. Old Albuquerque, $12; Julian
Martinez. Taos, $G; Marcus O. Thomp
son, Chloride, $G; Luciano Aichuleta,
Cayate, $8; Antonio Abad Moraga, Pa
tarito, $6 Jose Celilio Salazar, Questa,
$6; Juan Vigil, Chamita, $9. Increase
Antonio Padilla, Las Vegas, $S to $10.
NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC EDITOR.
Kansas City, Dec. 8. It was an
nounced here today that Willis J. Ab
bott has been selected to take charge
of the press bureau of the national
SPECIAL SILVER COINAGE.
Washington, Dec. 8. The secretary
of the treasury today ordered the pur
chase of silver bullion for a special
mintage of the 50,000 Lafayette sou
venir dollars, and arrangements are
making to mint them.
RAX DOWN A HAND CAR.
A St. Louis Train Kills Two Men and
Injures Two More.
St. Louis, Dec. 8. A suburban pas
senger train on the Burlington road
ran down a hand car bearing five men
100 yards west of the bridge at Alton,
III., today, killing two men outright
and injuring two.
G0EBELITES GIVE UP
A Contingency on Which a Contest
May Be Made.
Frankfort, Ky., Dec. 8. All pretense
of a fight for a certificate of election as
governor has been given up by the
Goebel people and whether a contest
will be made in the legislature is really
yet to be determined. It will depend
very largely upon the wording of the
opinion which Commissioners Ellis and
Pryor will hand down tomorrow morn
ing. If it implies that the commissioners
believe fraud was committed, which
might invalidate the election, then
they, as a canvassing board, have a le
gal right to go behind the certified re
turns and it is almost certain a con
test will be made. Otherwise, it is un
certain. Neither Commissioner Ellis
nor Judge Pryor made any denial cf the
fact that they would decide that Taylor
is entitled to a certificate. They would
not discuss the matter, but tacitly ad
mitted that it was true.
A RIGID RULE
of Democratic Dilatory
Washington, Dec. 8. The committee
on rules of the house of representatives
today decided to bring in a rule for the
consideration of the finance bill gen
eral debate to begin next Monday and
continue until Friday. Debate will
continue under the five minute rule on
Saturday with a provision for a vote
on Monday, December 18.
Mr. Roberts was not in the house
when it convened today. It was agreed
immediately after the reading of the
journal that when the house adjourned
it be to meet on Monday.
Dalzell of Pennsylvania from the
committee on rules then presented the
amendments to the rules agreed upon
by the committee, for the creation of a
committee for insular affairs to con
sist of seven members.
Representative Lentz of Ohio intro
duced a resolution reciting charges in
connection with the use of troops under
Brigadier General Merriam at the Ida
ho mining troubles and asking an in
vestigation by a special committee of
nine members of the house.
Dalzell closed debate for special or
der and the roll was called on Its adop
tion. The special order was adopted,
1G3 to 144 a strictly party vote. At
1:30 p. m. the house adjourned until
Representative Berry of Kentucky
said today that he would use every ef
fort to secure the early consideration of
his joint resolution giving the thanks
of congress to Rear Admiral Schley.
The committee which is to inquire
into the status of Mr. Roberts of Utah
held a protracted session behind closed
doors today. During the early hours
of the meeting Mr. Roberts was pres
ent and made a statement as to his
general wishes in connection with the
inquiry. He said he specially was de
sirous of having the committee go into
his prima facie right to a scat, after
wards taking up the general merits of
the subject. He said he favored open
sessions. Nothing regarding the pro
ceedings has teen given out yet.
Representative Hitt of Illinois in
troduced a bill to provide a territorial
form of government for Hawaii.
Washington, Dec. 8. The democratic
caucus committee of the senate today
considered the reorganization of the
senate committees. A disposition was
manifested to resist the demand of the
republican senators for increased rep
resentation upon the leading commit
tees, but no definite conclusion was
reached. The democrats are especially
displeased with the prospect of not be
ing able to fill one of the vacancies on
the finance committee.
THE END OF IT ALL
The Carnival Went Out
in a Blaze of Glory,
'TWAS A WILD NIGHT
Programme of Yesterday Included
a Steer-Tying Contest the Most
Exciting Ever Witnessed in Ariz
onaExhibition in the Morning.
Scenes of the last Carnivcl
The town of Phoenix emerged last
night in flame and smoke and racket
from the warmest week since the found
ing of the city. The last end of it
was the hottest and the last day,
though the novelty was somewhat
frayed, was really the best of all. While
everybody is glad that there was a car
nival as an illustration of what Phoe
nix tan Co v.hcn it feels like it, no
body regrets that it is over. As a finan
cial success its utility is doubted. Mer
chants, professional and business men
generally say it was a paralyzing sea
son. They got little out of it but the
fun. Hotel keepers, lodging house pro
prietors, saloon and restaurant
keepers made small fortunes and
would perhaps like to have an
other carnival month. A great
many thousand dollars were left
in town by the visitors, but the
beneficiaries claim that their shares of
tne windfall were not so great when it
is taken into account that the expense
cf extra preparation was heavy.
The programme was taken up yester
day morning where it was left off the
At Lightburne plaza the Indians en
tertained a large crowd, and' the cow
boys repeated their street performance,
which consisted of a ride at full speed
through the streets, firing as they
rode. The Apaches and Pimas were
the chief entertainers at the plaza.
There was a contest in arrow shoot
ing, a tug of war between Apaches and
Pimas, and a foot race between an
Apache Indian and a Pima brave. In
both instances the Apaches carried off
the honors. The Indians were mount
ed in the tug of war and rode horse
Mariner's juvenile band serenaded
the board of trade late in the after-
noon and was presented with a box of
choice fcalt River valley oranges by
Secretary Chapman. This band ren-
dered valuable service during the car-
nival week, and received rr.anv com-
pliments for its excellent music. The
youthful personnel of the band at- j llke a stranger m a great city, his
attracted general attention from first position was even worse than that, for
to last. The members seemed to enjoy here and there some person would ap
the carnival and they were given an Pear and address him, and he was corn
opportunity to witness the most inter- ' Polled to stand like a wooden man,
esting events each day.
A WILD NIGHT OF JOY.
Perambulating Thousands in Grotesque
I'm m m m !
Did you see the show?
Everybody was in
everybody was of it.
it, and nearly ,
It was the biggest thing of its kind
that ever was, and its kind was big.
The small boy could hardly wait for
sundown yesterday to don his masquer
ade clothes and, as soon as twilight
giive him license he was on the street.
Sister was not far behind, and Sue
and her young man were promptly on
hand when the procession started.
"Mam" and Aunt Em fired the sup
per dishes in the corner and pulled out
from under the bed the costumes they !
had been so diligently at work upon in I
secret for the last month. "Pap", had ,
a little business at the office, but he got i nival drama, wnicn nas Deen tne great
away from it somehow and the kids all ! est success of any enterprise ever un-
found him before the evening was far
Seemingly there had been no set pro
gramme arranged. No one knew exact
ly what they were going to do, or if
they did, they would not tell.
But it was carnival night the great
max to a whole week of crystallized hi
larity. Seemingly without any previous in
struction, thourands just naturally
drifted toward West Washington street
and about 7 o'clock they came march
ing east through the city, the various
bands heading different divisions.
Nearly all wcrei supplied with Roman
candles and as they passed, the street
was a blaze of light and glory. Busi
ness men burned colored lights in front
of their places, the sidewalks were
jammed with people, both masked and
unmasked, and the whole picture was
like a scene in fairy land.
There were at the least calculation a
thousand people in the parade. An hour
later the number was probably
quadrupled. There was positively no
way of estimating the number present.
It seemed as though every one in the
world was there, making some pretense
at masking, and all were out for fun.
They had it.
There was no commanding officer
present. Rather, all were generals,
each one commanded him or herself,
and each one had his hands full.
After the column had marched and
countei-marched till all were satisfied
it broke ranks and then the real fun
did begin. It wa3 a general
mixup, and they mixed up every
where. The doors of all the Washing
ton street resorts were opened and
everybody entered just to see every
body else and the tiger.
In sV places and at some times
you Vee more men than women.
some with escorts, but many without.
That, however, made little difference,
as it was carnival night and free li
cense was given. Phoenix was on her
honor, and her honor stood the test.
All due respect to women and children
was observed and those who took a
peep at the tiger were as safe without
an escort as with one. There were some
good women in the city who did not
care to participate in the festal scenes,
yet wanted to gratify their curiosity
to see the inside of a saloon. This they
could do and did safely do unmasked
and accompanied by their escorts.
From this hour on till midnight the
scene on Washington street was a per
fect wilderness of handsome, gro-1
tesque and quaint costumes. Some of
them were expensive, and in the cut
and colors beautiful to behold. Others
were worthy of note for their utter
lack of an approach to an idea or an
ideal. Some gave evidence that much
time and money had been spent to
make their wearers look pretty, while
others seemed to glory in the acme of
a distorted combination.
Every race of people that now exists
on earth or that has been recorded in
the annals of ethnology was represent
ed in all its variations, and others that
it will take a million years to classify
were in evidence.
Then came the monstrosities. Cos
tumes, half male and half female, and
within them, possibly, your own wife,
husband or sweetheart. Many seemed
to be inspired by the one idea that they
must cover up, no matter how.
And faces! Talk about them. The
human face was worked over in more
I ways than could be told about in books,
while the masks were simply of incon-
ceivable variety. Many even stole
their features from the lower animals
and wandered about like a menagerie
Many, of course, who simply came to
see were not masked. Some
were prevented by business or other
reasons. But they enjoyed it just the
same. The greater number of the
maskers looked like fools, but those
who were not masked felt like fools
! and weI1 nitTh concluded they were be
fore the night was over. Imagine Mr.
masculine reader, a pretty female hand
shaking your horny paw while a
cheery voice says "Hello, Charlie." Her
face protected her, while Charlie's face
was a dead give away. Were it cov
ered he might be a little impertinent in
questioning the identity of the dear girl
before him. But as it was every break
he made and every erroneous guess
will be told on him today. Many wo
men dressed in men's attire. By the
way, for those who wanted to see the
sights it was the best possible costume.
They could not hide their femininity,
but their identity was as unknowable
as the secret of life. Hundreds of men
and boys affected the feminine char
acter, bat it was seldom one could play
"A'lad woulcTTrtrut around all evening
i Pa lns iaaj anuwnen it oreuireu 1 J
CInl to 6 nome, or amy caueu mm
elsewhere, he would pick up his skirts
I and streak like a Jackrabbit.
I All the city was incognito. The man
I who did not mask walked the streets
wondering whether he was talKlng to
his wife or the kitchen maid in his own
household. The ludicrous was present
ed from every imaginable view. Wash
ington street never saw a more cos
mopolitan crowd. There were the
most amusing exaggerations of nation
al character and costume ever seen.
Prince Bismarck bumped up against
the czar of Russia, and General Miles
hobnobbed with privates and civilians
without regard for his rank.
But it is useless to enter into detail
or further particularize. Those who
were present can never be brought to
an adequate realization of what they
missed. The most of the masqueraders
participated in the ball at O'Neill
hall. There they danced till late
in the morning, when the masks
were removed and a general recogni
tion brought the crowd into closer
touch. The hall was crowded to its
fullest, and the participants
the occasion immensely. It was the
last scene in the closing act of the car-
WITNESSED BY THOUSANDS.
The Last Day's Events Drew the
Largest Crowd of the Carnival.
Fully 15,000 people witnessed the
events at the south end park yesterday
afternoon. The carnival association
had Arranged to provide an addition to
the amphitheater, but the crowd could
not have been accommodated even if
this was done. If it extended half way
around the mile track the people might
have been seated. As it wa3 the am
phitheater was lost in the mass of hu
manity. Extending on either side and
circling with the track the crowd
reached three-quarters of a mile. At
the grand stand people were packed
against the fence several hundred
deep, and back of this mass stood
hundreds of carriages and horsemen.
The business places of the city were
closed in some instances to allow the
employes to attend the afternoon's at
tractions. Every range within 100
miles sent its quota of punchers. It
was a day for punchers from morning
till night, and the city was filled with
horsemen. There were a thousand of
them at the park to cheer the champion
bronco buster as he rode up to the
judges' stand. During the last events
of the afternoon the crowd became
more compact and a better idea could
be gained of its magnitude. Never was
such a great mass seen at the south end
park. The people paid a most fitting
and appropriate tribute to the closing
day of a great festival of pleasure.
The events at the park began
promptly at 1 o'clock. The bronco rid
ing came first, and there were ten en
tries. Some of the cowboys who had
(Continued on Third Page.)
Almost Visible Above the
By a Statehood Meeting Held at the
Patton Grand Yesterday Large
and Representative Attendance
and Absence of Friction A Com
mittee Appointed to Labor With
If the present movement of Arizona
toward statehood is as free from
hitches as its beginning was yesterday
afternoon, the long deferred hope of the
territory will soon be realized. The
statehood meeting, which was held at
the Patton Grand opera house, was,
after only two days' advertisement, was
well attended by representative gen
tlemen from a majority of the coun
ties of the territory. There was noth
ing to be discussed except the method
i cf proceeding toward admission and as
there was no difference of opinion even
about method the meeting was brief.
It was called to order by General
M. E. Collins; Governor N. O. Mur
phy was elected chairman and was es
corted to the chair by S. M. McCowan
and Judge A. C. Baker. B. A. Fickas
was chosen secretary and the following
gentlemen were introduced as vice
presidents: T. S. Bunch, E. E. Ellin
wood, A. C. Baker, M. J. Riordan, Chas.
C. Randolph, George IT. Young, J. C.
Evans and I. T. Stoddard. Governor
Murphy addressing the meeting sai.l
the question for which it had been
called together was one concerning
which there was no division in Arizona.
Previous efforts for statehood had en
countered opposition and there would
no doubt be opposition now, but the
time was propitious. The administra
tion was known to favor the admission
of Oklohama and in the event of the
admission of that' territory the applica
tion of Arizona could not be consist
ently denied. The governor believed
that but the exercise of proper effort
the territory might be made a state be
fore the close of the present session of
congress and pledged himself to do all
in his power to accomplish admission.
The following committee on resolu
ions was appointed: S. J. Darby, chair-
man, William Christy, Robert E. Morri-
; son and M. j. Riordan.
Pending the report of the committee
the governor said that several gentle
men were present who desired to ad-
dress the meeting.
A call was male
j for Judge Baker, who arose and said
he did not want it understood that
there was a personal desire on his rart
to make a spr .ch. He had been a resi
dent of the .erritory for twenty years
and was prepared to state that a terri
torial form of government was a fail
ure and absolutely unAmerican. There
was a time when no other form of gov
ernment could have applied to the re
gions now included in the territories,
but that time was gone and conditions
were changed. The people of Arizona
he said, were in unison in demanding
the right of citizenship in the United
States and signs were favorable that
the demand would be heard. The time
seemed ripe in the midst of the pro
gressive movement toward expansion.
No political questions were involved in
the question cf statehood. "I do not
care," said the speaker, "by what party
it comes, democratic or republican. If
by the latter I will say 'God bless the
republican party.' "
Judge Baker warned his hearers
though that no party would grant ad
mission unasked. "We must move," he
said, "or remain here. He suggested
the appointment of a committee to go
to Washington and believed that the
application could be laid before con
gressmen in such a way that it would
be granted before adjournment.
Judge Street following, said that he
remembered a statehood movement of .
ten years ago. It seemed but of yester
day. It was a strong movement, but
failed. He did not know why, but
supposed for political reasons. The
same kind of a movement now, he be
lieved, would succeed. "We may not,"
he said, "be given the privilege of vot
ing for a president next year, but state
hood would be gotten so far under way
that it will be assured." The speaker
said a friend had jocularly suggested
to him that his official term would close
with the beginning of statehood. "It
will close anyhow before long," was the
reply, and I prefer to go back to the
practice of law in a state." There is
no kind of an advertisement," said the
speaker, "which can do Arizona so
much good as statehood. The press is
useful and powerful and the wonder
ful developments of our resources have
attracted attention but none of
these things have advertised Arizona
as admission will do it. We are finan
cially able to assume the burden of
statehood. I am willing to do any
thing I can to further it, I am tired of
being in a territory, and am panting for
expansion. I want to vote for a presi
dent." United States Attorney Robert E.
Morrison said that once, in a grand
jury room a witness, in response to a
question, said he had lived in Arizona
before horns began to grow on the
toads. "If," said the speaker, "white
men have lived here so long, the coun
try is certainly entitled to a place
among the states." The territory was
overflowing with prosperity Mr. Morri
son said, and gave proof of it in a con
versation he had had with Dr. Lindley
of Safford. The doctor in collecting his
bills had suggested to his patrons that
if it was convenient he would accept!
alfalfa, wood, or whatever they could
easily spare. They invariably replied
that they had more money than hay.
The writer was reminded of a tour
three years ago, when the valley of the
Upper Gila was not so prosperous. In
a leisurely trip along it he saw no
money but his own and among the
farmers, water-melons were regarded
as legal tender for the discharge of all
The next speaker was Colonel M. H.
McCord. "There is no politics in this
matter," said he, "so far as Arizona Is
concerned, but there is politics on Capi
tol Hill. Before we are admitted many
questions will be asked and we will be
required to prove that certain fears cf
national parties regarding us are un
founded. We must show that former
objectionable conditions do not exist
now. We are clearly entitled to state
hood. The average population of
twenty-nine states that have been ad
mitted was 83,000. I believe our's will
exceed 100,000. The average wealth of
those twenty-nine states at the time of
admission was $29,000,000. Our assessed
valuation is $31,000,000." The speaker
suggested the appointment of a com
mittee of thirty or forty citizens, rep
resenting the various sections of the
territory, to visit Washington ;a finance
committee to raise funds for opening
headquarters there and a committee on
M. J. Riordan, representing the north.
said that he was a better rooter at a
baseball game than at a' statehood
meeting, though his enthusiasm and
that of all people in the north was as
great as it could be. The advantage of
statehood he could fully appreciate. He
had lived under a territorial govern
ment not only since before the horns
began to grow on the toads but since
before the toads themselves came. Con
cerning the fitness of the territory for
statehood, Mr. Riordan pointed to the
changed conditions illustrated by the
rebuke Governor Murphy had adminis
tered the day before to a sheriff of the
Arizona type of a former generation.
The prosperity of the country was won
derful. Its mines and mills are working
night and day. Its products are famil
iar throughout the country and even
the oranges of the Salt River valley
are found on hotel tables in California..
"It's time," said the speaker, "that we
should be doing something for Arizona.
We've been lying awake nights think
ing about the woes of the Cubans and
Filipinos, wanting to give them self
government, when we had none for our
selves." J. C. Adams regretted the want of in
terest which had until now been taken
in this subject and contrasted the
apathy with the enthusiasm with which
people of Phoenix turned out a couple
of years ago and raised $600 for the
cause of Cuba upon the request
of a couple of strangers representing
themselves to be connected with the
Cuban army. The rest of Mr. Adam's
address related to the methods to be
employed in the movement, urging the
necessity of raising money.
In response to a call Mr. T. T. Stod
dard said there was no need of taking
up time in convincing one another of
something about which there was no
doubt. He briefly addressed the meet
ing regarding the methods to be em
ployed and agreed with suggestions
made by previous speakers. This ended
i the oratory and E. E. Ellinwood moved
the appointment of a committee of
ten to select a committee to visit
Washington and labor with the con
gressmen. The motion was adopted
and the committee of ten was made up
as follows: William Christy, S. M.
McCowan, Webster Street, C. J. Hall,
J. C. Adams, R. E. Morrison, M. J.
Riordan, Jerry Millay and C. M. Fra
zier. These gentlemen selected the fol
lowing visiting committee, represent
ing every county in the territory: Gov
ernor N. O. Murphy, E. E. Ellinwood,
M. W. Stewart, C. M. Frazier, I. T.
Stoddard, George R. Davis, S. M. Mc
Cowan, F. M. Murphy, Robert E. Mor
rison, J. M. Murphy, Alonzo Bailey, W.
H. Burbage, R. A. F. Penrose.C.D. Rep
py, W. P. Harlow, H. K. Chenoweth. C.
M. Funston, O. D. M. Gaddis, Charles
C. Randolph, W. J. Murphy, B. A.
Fickas, A. C. Baker, T. E. Farish, W.
M. Griffith, W. H. Barnes, J. C. Adams,
E. Ganz, J. L. B. Alexander, Geo. W. P.
In the meantime the committee on
resolutions reported as follows:
Resolved, That we, the citizens of the
territory of Arizona, in mass meeting
assembled, do hereby respectfully re
quest of the congress of the United
States that an act be passed by which
the people of Arizona be authorized to
form a constitution embracing all the
elements of a republican form of gov
ernment and that upon the same hav
ing been adopted by the people that the
territory of Arizona be admitted Into
the union of states as a state.
Objection was made to the report on
the ground that it was contradictory In
terms since after the passage of the en
abling act there was nothing more con
gress could do, but admission could
only come by a presidential proclama
tion. The resolution was referred back
to the committee.
The report having thus been
disposed of the meeting was ad
journed and Governor Murphy,
as chairman of the general
committee, was authorized to appoint
sub-committees and such other com
mittees as would facilitate the work.
No time was set for the departure of
the committee for Washington. The
subject was not even discussed. It is
certain though that the pilgrimage will
not be undertaken until after the holi
The meeting was entirely satisfactory.
So much more was accomplished than
had been expected. There was such an
absence of friction that it seemed as if
the long sought star glimmered above
THE VICE ADMIRAL.
President Favors a Reviving of the
Washington, Dec. 8. President Mc
Kinley in an interview with Senator
Wellington expressed himself In favor
of reviving the grade of vice admiral
in the Interest of both Sampson and
Schley. He believes this will end the
controversy. Senator Wellington will
introduce the bill.
ROME AND RUSSIA
Tbe First Papal Mission
to St. Petersburg.
THE IMPORTANCE OF IT
The Pope's Effort to Reconcile the
Polish Catholics to the Czar's
Government the Price of Rus
sian Help to the Vatican Relig
ious Differenoes May Be Sur
Rome, Dec. 7. The Czar of Russia
has now taken a final decision, the reli
gious and diplomatic importance of
w-hich can be misunderstood by no one;
it is to allow the establishment at St.
Petersburg of an extraordinary Papal
mission. The history of this affair is
peculiarly interesting. At the begin
nig of the year the czar understood
perfectly how fruitful would be a closer
collaboration between Russia and the
Papacy. If in other points he has ne
glected the positive and weighty inher
Itence cf Alexander III, in ecclesiastical
matters he has followed up his father's
policy with remarkable tenacity.
For a moment his mind dwelt on the
plan of a . unciature. The national ap
peasement of Poland, the reaction,
which a policy of intimacy with ' Rome
would have on the Slav races and on
the Balkan peoples, the close connec
tion between ecclesiastical Questions
and foreign politics, the subordination
of former struggles and internal revo
lutions to a gradual realization of Rus
sia's mission in history, his deep
admiration for the pacifying spirit
of Leo XIII, the identity of the Roman
questions with the aims of the Franco
Russian alliance; all these interests in
duced the sovereign to cultivate the
friendship of the Holy See.
His Ideas were opposed at once by tha
old prejudices of M. Pobedonostzew,
who has always preached to the Rus
sians that the Slav races must be unit
ed under the protectorate of the schis
matic orthodox hegemony. The latter
in his "Political, Religious and Social
Thoughts of a Statesman," has tried to
prove ethnographically the impossibili
ty of a reunion of the churches, and.
consequently, of an alliance with the
Papacy. Luckily for himself the pro
curator of the Holy Synod found effi
cient and ardent assistants among the
Germans, the Italians and the English.
The first oppose vehemently any com
ing together of the czar and Rome, be
cause William II, supported by the
centre, the bishops, the Catholics and
many groups, both at Rome and else
where, dreams of ressurecting an em
pire of the west, with the aid of the
church'and of the Holy See, by incorpo
rating with Germany the- German
speaking provinces of Austria. The
Italians, ever uneasy at the growing
increase of the Papacy's Influence, op
pose necessarily and passionately any
radical understanding between the
Pope and a political power. The ex
tension of the Russian empire in Asia
makes England uneasy, and as , the
Vatican's assistance renders Russia's
task easier and shorter, the British for
eign office finds that it must be the
active and unrelaxing opponents of this
widening of the Roman "pomoerium"
for the advantage of St. Petersburg.
The time has not yet come for the rev
elation of all the secrets about this
great intrigue, "nomina sunt odiosa."
When this manifold opposition was
disclosed Nicholas II substituted for his
first Idea a more modest scheme and
one less difficult to put into practice:
the sending, namely, to St. Petersburg
of an extrordinary Papal mission. All
seemed ready; the agrement with Leo
XIII, the limitation of the questions to
be discussed, the choice of ambassa
dors, when at the last moment, in Au
gust last, some persons of secondary
importance who either misunderstood
a note of the Vatican or were subject
to hostile influences, suggested to the
czar that he should put off the date of
the mission's departure, on the ground
that it offered no benefit to Russia.
Politicians of authority, however, have
put an end to these intrigues, and on
November 2, at Darmstadt, Nicholas
II gave orders that his consent should
be made to the Holy See.
AGAINST THE TRUST.
Supreme Court Decides Against tha
Washington, Dec. 8. In the United
States supreme court today the Addy
stone pipe case was decided. This case
involved the constitutionality of the
combination of pipe manufacturers to
manufacture pipe, which it was charg
ed was a trust.
The decision was handed down by
Justice Peckham, and was adverse to
the combination. It was, therefore, in
opposition to the trust.
The opinion of the court of appeals
for the sixth circuit was affirmed.
xml | txt