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ONA PUBLICAN. TENTH YE All . BULLER IS BEATEN Disastrous Attempt to Pass Tugela River ABANDONED TEN GUNS The Commanding General Sends the War Office a Straightforward Story of the Deadly Ford, Hit Reverse end Retirement Prom the Face and Range of the Boers With Great Loss. London, "Dec. 16. (12:43 a. m.) The war office has received a dispatch an nouncing: that General Buller has met with a serious reverse, losing ten guns. General Buller was attempting to cross the Tugela river. Finding it impossible to effect his object he ordered a retire ment in order to avoir greater losses. A SOLDIER'S FRANK STORY. London, Dec 16. The following is the text of General Buller's dispatch an nouncing his reverse: ( "Buller to Lansdowne: "Chievely Camp, Dec. 15. "I regret to report a serious reverse. I moved in full strength from our camp near Chievely at 4 o'clock this morn ing. There are two fordable places in Tugela river and it was my in tention to force a passage through one of them. They are about two miles apart. My Intention was to force one or the other with one brigade support ed by a central brigade. General Hart was to attack the left drift, General Hlldyard the right road, and General Littleton was to take the center and to support either. "Early in the day I saw that General Hart would not be able to force a passage and I directed him to with draw. He had, however, attacked with great gallantry and his leading battal ion, the Connaught Rangers, I fear, sufTered a great deal. Col. I. G. Brooke was seriously wounded. I then ordered General Hildyard to advance, which he did, and his leading regiment, the East Surrey, occupied Coienso station and houses near the bridge. At that mo ment I heard that the whole artillery I had sent to support the attack the Fourteenth and Sixty-sixth field bat teries and six naval 12-pounder quick firers, under Col. Long had advanced close to the river in Long's desire to be within effective range. "It proved to be full of the enemy, who suddenly opened a galling fire at close range, killing all the horses and the gunners were compelled to stand to their guns. Some of the wagon teams got shelter for the troops and desperate efforts were made to bring out the field guns. The fire, however, was too severe and only two were saved by Captain Schofield and some drivers whose names I will furnish. ."Another most gallant attempt with three teams was made by an officer whose name I will obtain. Of the eighteen horses thirteen were killed, and as several drivers were wounded I would not allow another attempt. As It seemed that they would be a shell mark, sacrificing life to a gallant at tempt to force, a passage unsupported by artillery, I directed the troops to withdraw, which hey did in good or. der. Throughout the day a consider able force of the enemy was pressing on my right flank, but was kept back by mounted men under Lord Rundon and another part of General Barton's brigade. The day was intensely hot and most trying on the troops, whose conduct was excellent. "We have abandoned ten guns and lost by a shell, one. The losses in Gen eral Hunt's brigade I fear were very heavy, although the proportion of se verely wounded I hope is not large. The Fourteenth and Sixty-ninth field batteries also suffered severe losses." THERE WAS LIGHT LATER. London, Dec. 15. There was little news this morning to throw fresh light on the situation at the seat of war. Artillery firing heard near Co ienso was taken to indicate the prelim inary to the expected big battle. Gen eral Barton is reported to have sixty eight guns in good positions and the Boers are apparently pursuing the same tactics as at Magersfontein, not reply ing, with a view of concealing their position until the infantry is brought into play. It was feared the first war dispatch announcing fighting at Zoutspan drift indicates that General Methuen has been forced to return to Orange Hiver, but apparently it only involved a brush with the troops protecting the line of communication at the Zoutspan drift considerably southwest of the Orange River base. Some of the specials esti- mate the Boers' loss at Magersfontein at 2,000 men. A RUMOR DISPOSED OF. London, Dec. 15. The war office this afternoon received an important dis patch from General Buller under to day's date. This indirectly gives a quietus to the rumor of the relief at Ladysmith. SHARP SKIRMISHING. London, Dec. 15. The war office has received the following from Orange River, dated Thursday: "Yesterday the mounted infantry under Captain Bradshaw and the Yorkshire and Lan cashire guides under Lieutenant Mc Farlane patrolled in the direction of Ramah and Zouthpan drift. The mounted infantry found a strong de tachment of the enemy at the drift and a sharp engagement ensued. The en emy ultimately retreated. Captain Bradshaw and three men were killed. Lieutenant Gregson of the East Kents and seven men were wounded. The Boers had five killed and seven wound ed. ! FIGHT AT MAFEKING. Pretoria, Dec. 15. It is officially an i nounced that Molopo wrest of Mafeking j was bombarded December 11 and sharp I fighting occurred. The Boers attacked j the British post at Mafeking during the night of December 10. After se vere fighting the Boers were repulsed and retired to Suymans fort. GEU. ALNSWORTH'S REPORT Recommends a Reduction in His Force of Thirty-Two Clerks. Washington, Dec. 13. The annual re port of General F. C. Ainsworth, chief of the record and pension office of the war department, shows that the enor mous business of the office has been promptly discharged. More than ninety-six per cent of the cases re ceived during the fiscal year, aggre gating 183,018, were disposed of within twenty-four hours from the time they reached tne office, and not one case remained unacted upon at the close of business hours at the end of the fiscal year. These cases related to the ser--ices of volunteer forces of the United States during the revolutionary war, the war of 1812, the various Indian wars, the war with Mexico, the war of the rebellion, and the more recent Spanish war. By the reproduction of the records of individual military ser vice by the index record card system the application of that system to the current correspondence and the adop tion of other improved methods, the business of the office has been greatly expedited and it has been possible to materially reduce the clerical force. On the recommendation of the chief of the office, a reduction of 300 was made in the clerical force in 1894, a fur ther reduction of fifty was made in 1895, and a still further reduction of twenty-five in' 1897. In the estimates submitted by General Ainsworth, for the coming fiscal year, a still further reduction of thirty-two is provided for, making a total reduction of 407 clerks, representing a permnanent saving of over $460,000 annually, in the appropri ations for the clerical force of the office. Adding to this the saving ef fected in contingent and other ex penses, it is shown that the cost of maintaining the office has been per manently reduced by fully $300,000 an nually. General Ainsworth says that in all of the reductions that have been made in the clerical force of the office the selections for discharge have been based strictly upon the efficiency rec ords of the clerks, a liberal allowance being made in the ratings on account of honorable military or naval service. PHTLADEPHIA GETS IT Time of Republican National Con vention June 19. Washington, Dec. 15. The republican national committee met at the Arling ton hotel today to select the place of meeting for the next republican na tional convention. Chairman Hanna presided. After a brief executive ses sion delegations from various cities presented claims. After the presentation of the clalm3 of the four cities was completed the committee, upon the suggestion of Chairman Hanna took a recess until 2:30. Philadelphia was selected as the place of meeting of the next republi can national convention, and June 19 was finally decided upon as the date I for iiuMing1 it. The proceedings throughout were enthusiastic and harmonious. Every speech that was made empha sized the fact that President McKinley will be renominated and that the con vention will be in effect simply a rat ification meeting. o RECRUITS FOR MANILA. Washington, Dec. 13. The war . de partment has arranged to send about 1,000 recruits to Manila to fill the regi ments which are running short on ac count of death, disease and discharge. PHCENIX, ARIZONA, GOT TO SHORT ROWS General Debate on Financial Bill Ended. The Members Will Be Held Down to the Five Minute Rule Today The Closing Day of the Debate Was Interesting. Washington, Dec. lS.-afhe closing day of the general debatewn the finan cial bill proved to be one of exceptional interest at the outset. A sharp personal colloquy occurred between Representa tives Wheeler and Berry cf Kentucky over the recent Kentucky, elections and charges growing out of it. Con siderable feeling was shown. Later in the day Mr. Bailey of Texas, until recently, democratic floor leader, received close attention in an hour's speech rigorously presenting the demo cratic view and eulogizing the time honored and undying democratic or ganization. In marked contrast with Mr. Bailey's utterance Mr. Scudder of New York, who followed him, an nounce! that as a democrat he believed in the gold standard and would vote for it. Mr. Payne of New York and Mr. Dalzell of Pennsylvania also spoke during the day. The debate under the five minute rule will occur tomorrow. THE SENATE COMMITTEES. Washington. Dec. 15. Today the practical completion of the senate com mittees for the Fifty-sixth congress was announced officially by Senator Aldrich of Rhode Island. He presented to the senate an order fixing the com mittees, and it was adopted without dissent. Few vacancies in minority representation are yet to be filled. They will be disposed of in a few days. No other business of importance was transacted by the senate. Soon after the senate convened on motion of Mr. Hale it was agreed to adjourn from today until Monday next. Aldrich of Rhode Island presented a special order fixing the standing committees and their personnel. The order was adopt ed without dissent. o TALK OF CHARITIES. Continuation of the Convention of Michigan Delegates. Detroit, Mich., Dec. 15. There was an increased attendance of delegates at today's session of the state conference of charities and correction. "Delin quent Children" was the subject dis cussed at the morning session. Mrs. May Stocking Knaggs of Bay City read a paper on "Home Life of Delinquent Children," and was followed by Rev. James A. Blaisdell of Olivet, who spoke interestingly on the subject of "Public Effort for Delinquent Child ren Outside the Industrial Schools." The subject discussed this afternoon was "The Defective and Diseased." The closing session this evening will be devoted to the.subject of "Reforma tories for Adults and Prisons." The speakers will include Warden Cham berlain of the Jackson prison and Rev. Cyrus Mendenhall, chaplain of the Ionio reformatory. SANTA CLAUS AT SEA. Last Shipload of American Gifts for Europe. New York, Dec. 15. The steamships sailing for Europe today take the last of the Christmas presents of money and valuables to the people across the Atlantic from friends and relatives in the United States. In the marine cal endar it is known as Christmas Ship Day, although every mail liner that has sailed for a month or more has carried out hundreds of bags with registered letters and packages and consignments made through local brokers. Since the middle of November scores of additional men have been employed in the postoffice, and even these have had to work extra hours in order to keep up with the rush. It is estimated that more money and presents have been sent across the water this season than ever before. The records of the postoffice show that England and Italy lead all. Then in order come the Scandinavian countries, Germany, Ire land, France and Austria. I Itlis esti lsand reg- mated that nearly fifty thous istered letters and packages start across the Atlantic today, and probably an equal number of gifts that go as merchandise. LONDON WOOL SALES. Twelve Thousand Bales Offered and Some Sorts in Good Demand. London, Dec. 15. At the wool sales today 12,500 bales, comprising a mis cellaneous selection, were offered. The offerings included several good lots of Australian in grease, American buyers were again noticeable, but they se cured little, owing to the increased continental bids, chiefly German. The home trade supported all scoured me rinos. Prices were again higher than heretofore, Clydes fetching 2s. 9d.. and fine fifty-six crossbred therefrom SATURDAY MORNING, 2s. 7d. Scoured skins brought fancy prices. T. E. C. sold at 2s. 4d.; Pine Valley, 2s. 5d. Crossbreds, of which scoureds and slipes were largely shown, sold at full values. The United States secured Cambridge, Dawns and Orion. Dawns brought Is. 4d., wellshot. Is. 3d. Continental buyers bought Adelaide in grease at the extreme price of Is. 4d. for Kulnide, which was in excellent condition. Home and German buyers supported Cape wools. Scoureds turned against buyers. Greasics sold irreg ularly, and in some cases were with drawn. PROBABLE DOUBLE SUICIDE. New York, Dec. 15. Policeman Charles L. Hensig and a young woman said to be Mamie Jackson, 25 years old, were found dead in bed . early today in a room of the House of Lords, a Houston street hotel. They had been killed by gas, the two Jets in the room being found turned on. All windows were closed tightly and the transom over the door was shut. Whether it was an accident or suicide is not known. There were marks of scratches on the man's face, which gave rise to the theory that he and the woman may have quarreled after they retired. Hensle finished his tour of duty at mid night, put on plain clothes and arrived at the hotel with the woman mentioned about 1 o'clock. Hensle was appointed to the force three years ago and is said to have nj-er had a complaint made against him. He was regarded as a very ef ficient officer. His father is a wealthy retired butcher. Hensle lived with his father, and at his home it is said that absolutely no motive was known fbr the suicide, if such it was. Very little was known about the young woman. o A NEW QUESTION Omaha, Neb., Dec. 15. The question has been raised as to whether William V. Allen, appointed senator from this state, can be seated. The contention of some is that Hayward never having taken his seat, the whole matter is in the same position as in states where legislatures failed to elect at expira tion of the term of his predecessor. BUSINESS IS ALL RIGHT But Speculation is Curiously De pressed New York, Dec. 15. R. G. Dun & Co.'s Weekly Review of Trade will say tomorrow: The unusual depression in stocks this week has displayed a great divergence between trading and pro ductive industries of the country and ' its speculation. Never has production been greater, the number of hands em ployed larger, the wages distributed higher, nor the purchasing power based on earnings greater than at this time, and never have conditions of trade or returns of earnings and traffic given more certainty cf greater business for transporters. Yet as the earnings of railways and manufacturing companies mount up ward their stocks decline as if it were disastrous for a road to double its earnings and ruinous for a mill to real ize the unprecedented prospects. In flated capitalization has, of course, done much harm and speculative ex citement has counted profits in many cases long before they were earned. CANCELLATION OF STAMPS. A New Internal Revenue Regulation Now in Force. Washington, Dec. 15. The new regu lations regarding the cancellation of internal revenue stamps became effec tive today, and in order to avoid un pleasant complications with Uncle Sam the users of the stamps will in future have to exercise more care in cancelling. Under the new rules as announced by the commissioner of internal revenue, in all cases where documentary stamps of the denomination of ten cents or any large denomination should be used, the person using or affixing t:ie same shall, in addition to writing or stamping thereon with ink the initials of his name and the date when affixed, mutilate the stamp by cutting three parallel incisions lengthwise through the stamp, beginning not more than one-fourth of an inch from one end and extending to within one-fourth of an inch of the other. Such mutilation v.-ill render the methods of using ink hith erto used unnecessary. A CHANCE TO FIGHT. San Francisco, Dec. 15. Mrs. Nettie R. Craven, who claims to be the widow of James G. Fair, won a partial victory in Judge Trout's court today when the court decided that she may prosecute her claim for a family allow ance of $5,000 a month. Mrs. Craven will now be permitted to prove, if she can do so, her contention that she is the widow of the senator. W. C. T. V. CONVENTION. Chicago, Dec. 15. The officers of the national W. C. T. U. have decided on! I I Washington, D. C, as the place of the , i next convention. I DECEMBER 16, 1899. i DEPARTMENT STORES Jciin Wanamaker Before tiie Industrial Commission. He Shows the Advantages Such Con binations Offer to Tradesmen and to the Consumer He Says Such Stores Shorten Hours of Labor. Washington, Dec. 15. John Wana maker appeared before the industrial commission this morning to discuss the general subject of department stores. His testimony took the form of an es say on the conditions which have pro duced such a union of many enter prises under one roof, the advantages such a combination offer to the trades man, and the effect on retail prices. "It will be admitted," he said in concluding, "that the large retail store of the period is beneficial to society, and therefore has a substantial eco nomic and moral basis for its existence. The department store is not the inven tion of any person or group of persons. It is a natural product, evolved from conditions that exist as a result of fixed trade laws. Cheaper capital, bet ter transportation, more rapid com munication, make the modern retail store possible and natural; therefore, inevitable. Executive capacity, com bined with command of capital, find opportunity in these conditions which are harmonious with the irresistible de termination of the producer to meet the consumer directly 'and of merchandise to find distribution among the lines of least resistance. Prices are reduced to the consumer very largely. All of the reductions in prices created by the producers' and manufacturers' savings, plus the reduction in retail profits con sequent upon the concentration of large distribution at a single point, should go to the consumer. That this is the practical result is shown in the low re tail prices that generally prevail." Mr. Wanamaker then cited as in- and cotton fabrics, kitchen utensils, stamped metal, standard patters of French china dinnerware and many other articles of metal, wood or iron. "Reduced prices," he said, "stimulate consumption and increase employ ment. More labor is required for pro duction, transportation and distribu tion. This last element highly impor tant, especially in the handling of mer chandise in large retail stores. The personal comfort and taste involved in the vast majority of retail transactions creates immense detail that requires a great number of persons for its admin istration and increases enormously the labor required for the distribution of merchandise. It opens new avenues of employment for women and enlarges others, and is, therefore, advantageous to women. It is sound opinion that the increased employment created by the department store goes to women with out curtailing that of men. "In general it may be stated that large retail stores have shortened the hours of labor, and by systematic dis cipline have made it lighter. The small store is harder upon the sales person and clerk. The effects upon the char acter and capacity of the employees are good. A well-ordered modern re tail store is a means of education in spelling, writing, English language, system and method. Thus it becomes to the ambitious and serious employees in a small way, a university, in which character is broadened by intelligent instruction practically applied." As to the effect of combination stores on small shopkeepers, Mr. Wanamaker said it could not be denied that the latter were placed at a disadvantage. But while this was true, their interests was very small in comparsion with those of the great mass of the people. The wholesalers and jobbers were also affected, for the reason that the de partment stores bought direct from the manufacturer and the public profited by what was saved in the middleman's commission. In answer to a question Mr. Wana maker said he believed the fixing of a gold basis for the finances of the coun try and the proper regulation of the tariff so that it would stay regulated, would mark a step of progress in the interest of the business of the country. PARKER WINS. San Francisco, Dec. 15. Parker wins in the ninth round from Turner. SPLIT ON NEGRO QUESTION. Montgomery, Ala., Dec. 15. The grand lodge of Masons of Alabama to day passed a resolution reiterating its withdrawal froi.i fellowship with the grand lodge of the state of Washington. About a year ago the Washington grand lodge passed a resolution recog nizing the negro as a Mason, and at the last June meeting of the Alabama grand lodge fellowship with the Wash ington lodge was withdrawn. Subse quently the Washington lodge modified its resolution, but did so in equivocal terms, and the Alabama grand lodge ThosG AUord Jr0 Library of Coufr. I j" - 4 lowship. The Alabama, grand lodge today re elected its old officers, with B. Dudley Williams of Oxford as grand master. LANDMARK GONE. San Francisco, Dec. 15. The Comedy theater was destroyed by fire this af ternoon. The loss will exceed $200,008. The Comedy theater was originally the Alhambra, one of the pioneer show houses of this city. Subsequently it was known as the old Bush street theater, and more re cently as the Comedy theater. Almost every actor of prominence In the old school has played in this theater. MORE ARMY SURGEONS NEEDED. Washington, Dec. 15. Surgeon-General Sternberg of the army has sub mitted to the secretary of war a copy of the bill for the increase of the medi cal department of the army. The bill provides that there shall be added four assistant surgeons-general with rank of colonel, ten deputy surgeons-general with rank of lieutenant-colonel, thirty surgeons with rank of major, and eighty assistant surgeons with rank of first lieutenant. WHITE HOUSE EXTENSION The President Satisfied With Executive Mansion. the Washington, Dec. 15. Practically every member of congress agrees that an addition should be made to the White House, and yet it is possible, by reason of a misunderstanding of the position of the president, that nothing will be done after all to that end. The president has from the first of the talk about an addition to the ex ecutive mansion decided that he would not offer any advice on the subject. He does not feel that he wants to be put in the position of favoring a costly ad dition at this time when the country's ! expenses are so heavy. If he should favor such an addition, and openly ad vocate it, the probability, he thinks, is that his position would be misrepre sented, and that he would be made to ' Vi loi-cra nnr.1 1 , ovnanllhipnc Hn tYtf ! " . other hand, there is no reason to be Iieve that the president would oppose the erection of additions, inasmuch as he, more than any one else, knows the cramped condition in the present build ing. Several weeks ago Senator Cullom stated that he would introduce a bill for the erection of additions to the White House. He had seen the neces- ; sity of using the main vestibule of the building for placing hat and cloak boxes during receptions, and thought this was a reflection upon the country. In following out his intentions, he re quested Col. Bingham to make esti- I mates of the cost of such a building ! and to prepare a bill for introduction in the senate. Col. Bingham, as sup erintendent of public buildings and grounds, has been at work for months on estimates and plans, and is now prepared to furnish anyone who seeks such information with all that is need ed to begin the first steps. Since Senator Cullom made the an nouncement, however, he has talked with the president, and says that he will not now introduce the bill, ' be cause he believes that the president is opposed to an addition. The president told Senator Cullom that he was sat isfied with the present building and does not desire any changes. It Is be lieved from other information on the president's position that, although he expresses himself as satisfied with the house as it stands, he has no intention of actively opposing any plans for a new building. This being the case, it is still hoped that some one will inaug urate the movement for an addition. While the expenses of the govern ment are heavier than in many years the receipts are growing daily, and there is a monthly surplus, which which promises to be heavy by the end of the fiscal year. Col. Bingham estimates that the cost of the additions he has in view will not be over $1,000,000. This will make a mansion out of the building. A RIVAL COMBINE Gathering in California's Unattached Canneries. San Francisco, Dec. 15. The Call will say tomorrow that a large deal affect ing the canning industry of California is on foot. It involves an amount over one million dollars. According to very good authority Frank S. Johnson of the Johnson-Locke Mercantile com pany, who is at the head of the deal, has secured subscriptions in the east, principally in New York and Philadel phia, amounting to $750,000 for stock in a new corporation, which has for its aid the acquisition and operation of certain California canneries that are outside of the combine. The first ef fect of the deal, if it is finally per fected, will be that practically all the canning business of the state will be under the control of two concerns, the present combine and the new one to be formed. VOL. X. NO. 212. THE PHILIPPINES Geographical and Com mercial Importance JUST NOW RECOGNIZED John Barrett Late Minister to Siam Relates Facts Concerning the Islands Which Have Hitherto Been Overlooked -The Vital Value of Manila Alone to the United States, Washington, Dec. 25. Mr. John Bar rett, late United States minister to Siam, delivered a lecture before ( the National Geographical society at the Congregational church last evening upon the "Philippines and the Far East." He was listened to with great Interest. In part Mr. Barrett said: "This discussion of the Philippines and the far east under the distin guished auspices of the National Geo graphical society will contain no effort at rhetoric or oratory. It will be a plain statement of facts or truths. The conclusions will be based on persona! study and not on hearsay and second hand report. Although the moral side of the problems before us In the orient are not to be minimized, my treatment of the subject tonight will be largelv confined to the material value of cur new possessions and our opportunities there and in neighboring Asiatic lands. "During five' years' residence in the far east, four of which it was my honor to be your minister to Siani--not far from the Philippines it was also my privilege and pleasure to visit not only the interior of Siav.i, whicii today is making more progress than any other Asiatc land except Japan, but also China, Corea, Siberia and Ja pan on the north, and Burman, Ma lay peninsula, Cambodia, Java, Hornet and the Philippines in the south. Everywhere I went with the one idea of learning what opportunities there were for the extension of American trade and influence. Having been first to the Philipplnps for an extended trip through them, some years ago in time3 of peace, and ( again later in times of war and insur-' rection, from May, 1898, to April, 1899. or for nearly a year, I hope I may be able to bring forward a few facts thitt will be of interest. "First, I would emphasize the great and even remarkable geographical commercial and strategical importance of the location of the Philippines. Only those who have repeatedly traveled up and down that magnificient Asiatic coast line. can fully appreciate the strength and meaning of the Philip pines' situation. From Melbourne in Australia to Vladivostok in eastern Si beria is a coast line only broken by narrow straits, but everywhere in dented with deep harbors of over 8.000 miles, upon which debouch 500,000 W0 people, with a foreign trade yet in rts infancy that already amounts to $1,000,000,000 per annum. Right in the very ideal center of all this is Manila, our new oriental capital, which under the depressing, mysterious, jealous con ditions of the old regime never awokn to its importance, nor did the rest of the world, not even Htng Kong, its near neighbor, only 630 miles away, which has an annual foreign trade reaching the astounding figures of $250,000,000. So vital is Manila's value to us in this point of location and yet so gen erally forgotten in all the discuss-ons of the moral issues involved that I wish to call attention to it in exact terms that may be remembered. If a circle with a radius of 2,000 miles is drawn with Manila as the center, it will in clude more ports and cities of promi nence than any other similar circle drawn around Singapore, Hong Kong or Shanghai. Moreover, this Manila circle will take within its boundaries two such widely separated points as Yokohama in Japan and Port Darwin In Australia. On the west it will include Bangkok, the populous capital of Siam, and Rangoon, theg rowing capital of Bur mah. To the southwest is Batavia, the capital of Java, and a great Dutch city in the tropics. "Just across the China sea is Saigon, the beautiful capital of France in Asia, and a vertiable Paris in the ori ent. "Manila's harbor, opening on the China sea, is soon to become the stop ping point of numberless foreign ves sels, simply because it is practically in their path, and they have everything to gain by making it a port of call. Theg reat fleet of merchant and mail steamers that crowd through the Suez canal, past Singapore to and from Eu rope and China, sails within hail up and down this China sea of Manila and must soon stop there. Some lines have already commenced to do so. The in creasing fleet that plies between China and Australia has suddenly discovered that Manila is right in its path and nearly all Australian vessels stop there..