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TILE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN: MONDAY MORNINGS, JANUARY , 1302.
THE ARIZOM REPUBLICAN. PUBLISHED BT THE ARIZONA PUBLISHING CO. GEO. W. VICKERS, Pres. and Gen. Man. Exclusive Morning Associated Press Dispatches. The only Perfecting Press In Arizona. The only battery of Linotypes in Ari zona. Publication office: 36-38 East Adams street. Telephone No. 471. Entered at the postofflce at Phoenix, Arizona, as mail matter of the second class. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. By mall, dally, one year $9 00 Weekly, one year 2.00 Cash In advance. BT CARRIER. Dally, per month -75 PHOENIX, ARIZONA, JAN. 6. 1902. No American writer has had a better opportunity than Julian Ralph, the famous newspaper THE ' writer, to understand PUGNACIOUS the true character of BOER. the South African Boer. In this country, at least, the belief prevails that the Boer is a nuiet. peace-loving farmer, and that the desperate fight which he is "putting uo" against the armed strength of the British empire is sole ly to defend his liberties and that it Is in no respect due simply to his love of a fight. Mr. Ralph was an eye-witness to most of the fighting during the first year of the war, and in addition to that he has made a close study of the history and characteristics of the South African Dutchman. Comment ing on the fact that large numbers of the Boers recently have taken the oath of allegiance to Great Britain and have been formed into armed troops to help subdue their brethren who are still in the field. Mr. Ralph tells us that this not a new or sur prising manifestation of Boer char acter. The Boer has fought the Boer, he says, again and again in the past. The Boer is as much a fighting character as any that ever lived. He has kept South Africa very lively .for two centuries. He has fought everything and every body in sight, and when there has been nothing else to fight, then Boer has fought Boer. The Boers' first fighting experience was with the Bushmen in 166S, six years after the Dutch first established themselves at the Cape. Five years later they fought the Hottentots, who resented the taking of their land nad shooting of their game. In 1706 the Boerr. had their first ap proach to rebellion against their own people. Their complaint was that the Dutch Governor Van der Stel, allowed no one to sell his produce until he (the governor) had marketed his own. The burghers sent petitions to Holland. The governor clapped many of the sign ers in prison and banished four of them before he was deposed by the home government. The next season of discontent with their own rulers was in 1779. when the burghers elected del egates to go to Holland and complain that the Dutch East Indian company compelled them to sell their goods to the company at lower prices than they could get from French and English ships. The reply by the heads of the Dutch company to this complaint was that they must go back and behave themselves, since they were only "per mitted, as a matter of grace, to gain a livelihood as farmers, tailors or shoemakers." Discontent with their own rulers led to the first trek away from the parent colony. ' Thus the district of Graaff Reinet was established, gradually, dur ing many years. As the burghers be gan to gather there, surrounded by wild animals and savage native foes, they led a life of constant warfare with the Bushmen who not only swept off their herds but killed whole Burgher families with poisoned arrows. In 1793 a powerful band of natives called the Ama-Xosa became warlike and laid waste a large part of the new colony. Commandoes of burghers were called Into the war, but were badly led by officers who were jealous of each other. The natives had their own way and the burghers retired ready to break Into open rebellion against their rulers, the East India Company. It was in 1795 that the farmers of the two dis tricts, GraafE Reinet and Swellendam. proclaimed a republic and declared themselves ready to shed their last drop of blood rather than submit to the rule of their Dutch company governors. From 1799 to 1803 the burghers fought a war with the Hottentots and the Ama-Xosa. In 1803 the English re stored the colony to Holland, now a republic. In 1806 the burghers and Holland troops fought the English, who conquered them and made the cape a British territory for the second time. The British, however, paid the Dutch thirteen million dollars and gave back to Holland the Molucca islands and Java. In 1811 the burghers fought another war with the Ama-Xosa, and drove them back into their own country. In 1S15 there occurred what is known as the Slachters Neck rebellion this time against the British. Three years later an army of British soldiers and Dutch burghers entered upon another, war with the Ama-Xosa natives. It lasted into the second year. In 1834 began what Is called "the great Xosa war," when the natives rushed into the col ony and destroyed the result of four teen years of hard work by the burgh .inifwTs ers, burning five hundred farmhouses and killing or driving away one hun dred and seventeen thousand head of cattle and sheep. All the districts sent burgher commandoes, and the com bined forces whipped the natives. The British abolished slavery at the Cape in 1834. voting $100,000,000 to com pensate the slave owners, and granting them the right to apprentice their slaves for four years, aft?r which the negroes should be free. The British committed a mistake and an injustice in declaring the compensation payable in London. Speculators, who knew that a DutcTi burgher would rather have $10 in hand than a promise of $500 tomorrow, ran through the country buying the burgh ers' claims at half their value. Two years later, when the term of negro apprenticeship was half over, the fa mous "Great Trek" of the burghers be gan. The real purpose of the trek was quite as much to carry their slaves away and continue to own them as to rid themselves ' of British rule. The burghers made the great trek in three parties. The rest, or Albany party, was wiped out by the natives and by the death of those who escaped slaughter. The second, or Colesburgh party, was attacked by Matabeles. The burgher vanguard of his band was almost en tirely destroyed, and the main body lost 400 men and women and all its cattle and sheep. The third, the Greaff Reinet party, arrived soon after this massacre and defeated the natives. TVr fourth body went into Natal. The British proclaimed sovereignty over the Free State In 1S48, and 400 fighting burghers gathered tq force the English resident to leave Bloemfonteln. British troops were sent up from Cape Town and the Dutch gave them bat tle for three hours, then fled. From 1850 to 1852 Free Staters had continual fighting with the natives and in 1854 the English governor reported the Free State "only fit for wild beasts," where upon the English withdrew from it and it became a Dutch republic. Farther north the Transvaal Dutch had been wholly unable to agree among themselves and had- set up four re publics. Each of the four republics declared each of the others rebels. Young Pretorius, son of the first leader of that name, was at the head of one little republic. In order to make him self stronger he decided to conquer the innocent and happy Free State and force it into a union with his party so that he could have strength enough to bring his quarrelsome' neighbors to his terms. What he did was almost precise ly like the Jameson raid of 1896. He and Paul Kruger, as joint leaders of a commando, crossed the Vaal river and invaded the Free State. President Boshofr gathered 800 armed horsemen and marched to mee the invaders. Both forces met at the Ithenoster river, near Kroonstadt, and the Free Staters pu their artillery in position and were just about to fire when Paul Kruger walked into their camp with a Hag of truce-. A treaty was signed in which Pretorius acknowledged the illegality of his action and engaged that it should never be repeated. From I860 to 1S62 the Transvaal re public was given up to lawlessness and strife. Dutch quarreled with Dutch, and Dutch fought Dutch. In the course of one quarrel Paul Kruger and another man headed some troops who bombard ed Potchefstroom for three days. Dis order approaching anarchy continued until 1864, when President Pretorius of the Transvaal, who, in I860, had asked for a six months' leave of absence and had got himself elected as president of the Free State, returned to the pres idency of the Transvaal and restored peace. But the government was penni less, the farmers refused to pay taxes, the paper money was worthless and the negro neighbors were defiant. Thi republic got into a desperate plight and petitioned Great Britain to annex it to the crow n. This was done in 1877. The British promised the people that they should be governed by their own coun sel and laws, but this promise was broken. Then came the first war with the British in 1881, when the bloody battle of Majuba Hill was won by the Dutch and the English granted them t;,eir independence. The annual report of the director of the mint, just made public, shows that the world's supply of THE the "best" money Is MONEY increasing In a gratify- SL'PPLY. ing manner. This coun try especially is to be congratulated upon the remarkable augmentation of thesupply of gold. Th? figures are a complete refutation of the dismal prophecies which were so current only a few years ago, that the cessation of silver purchases would cause the gold to disappear, and bring ruin upon the country. The report discloses that there have been some surprising changes In the world's money supply In the last twenty-eight years, the greatest of which Is the increase in volume, and the most significant is the gain in the proportion of gold in the currency of different nations. In 1873 the total for the world was. gold, $1,209,800,000; silver. $1.057.6S";.000. and uncovered paper. $2,322,515,000. It will be observed that, to avoid what would be virtual duplication, the full amount of "paper money" is not in cluded, but only the "uncovered," or the excess over the coin reserves held for Its redemption. It will be seen that .In a total volume of money reck oned at a little more than $4,500,000,000 over half was "uncovered paper." and In the coin gold exceeded silver by wir smiTH sinE. about one-fifth. That was before sil ver had depreciated. Now we find that surprising fact that at the beginning of 1901 the amount of gold had Increased to $4,908,700,000, or more than quadrupled, the silver had risen to $3,841,100,000, something less than quadrupling, and the uncovered paper was $3,033,400,000, or only about 30 per cent more than at the beginning of the period. An analysis of thechange would he Interesting, but it is apparent on the surface that the advance has been toward a sounder and more stable system for the world In general. The total money volume Increased to $11, 781,200,000 at the beginning of 1901. as compared to $4,599,030,000 twenty-eight years before. In this time Germany has established the gold standard, the Latin union has suspended silver coin age and the United States and Russia have restored specie payments. The United States had only about $135,000,000 in gold in 1873, scattered in banks and in circulation on the Pa cific coast. In 187S. on the eve of the resumption of specie payments, it had increased to $213,200,000, and at the end of 1SS1 it was over $478,000,000 By this time the silver inflation got its work in and the gain in gold was checked until after 1S93. At the time of the sound money campaign of 1S9C it was still under $600,000,000. but since then the golden tide has been rising in the treasury and in the banks and the stock is the largest in the world. It was $1,110,000,000- a year ago and has gained steadily since. Our gold is nov. nearly twice our silver in coinage value and not far from three times the vol ume of "uncovered paper." The Cherokee nation seems to b2 fortunate In having a very able execu tive in Principal AN INDIAN Chief Buffington. A ON few weeks ago we EDUCATION. quoted in these col umns some extracts from his Thanksgivinc proclainni ion which would have done credit to any governor jn the union. Mr. Buffinfiton's message to his counc il also gives evi dence of a high order of intelligence, and it breathes a progressive and pat riotic spirit that speaks well for the future of the Cherokees under s.a.U wise leadership. Upon the subject of education Chief Buffington says: Among the many mile posts that mark the progress of our onward course there is none more prominent than the educational institution of the Cherokee nation. For their inaugura tion and organization full credit must be given to our far-seeing ancestors, the real Cherokee nation. Our schools stand out conspicuously as an embodi ment of the highest nad best type of the advancement and Christian growth, and are lasting monuments of the spirit of thriftiness of this people. Ir. our high schools was provided for, and is tenaciously held, the idea of sepa rate education for the sexes. In these seminaries the young men and the young women are kept in touch with the world, without being ruthlessly thrust upon it to the detriment of wo manly gentleness, and purity and manly character and strength. It U a source of much gratification to wit ness the placing of young women and young men upon their honor, thus making them ladylike and gentlemanly in their conduct. Self-responsibility is an educative force to the student. The course of study of our high schools should step by step, be made coequal to that of the curriculum of the col leges of the surrounding states, so that the Cherokee youth could acquire at home the high literary culture afforded by the best colleges. The wreck of the Walla Walla oil the coast of California and the great loss of life therefrom, furnished an other painful example of the differ ence between American and foreign seamen. The wreck was caused by a collision with a French schooner, and the French vessel proceeded on its way without making any effort to as certain the damage' it had done or to pick up any of the drowning passen gers and crew of the American ship. The numerous instances in which foreigners and Frenchmen especially have manifested a cold-blcoded In difference to all the dictates of hu manity after a disaster at sea are such as leave no room for saying that such things are not characteristic. The output of gold -from Cripple Creek last year was more than $25, 000,000, an increase of more than $2,500,000 over the previous year. Dur ing the comparatively short time in which the Cripple Creek mines have been in operaticn they have added the enormous sum of $117,000,000 to the world's supply of gold, and it is esti mated that the profits from the mines have aggregated $84,000,000. although, of course, the dividends declared by the principal companies aggregate a much smaller sum. Governor Shaw, the new secretary of the treasury, is receiving a lot of news paper criticism for addressing the president as "your excellency" in his telegram accepting the treasury port folio. "The President" is. of course, the only proper way in which to ad dress the chief executive of the na tion, but if Secretary Shaw makes na more serious mistake than a blunder in etiquette, the democracy wiil not be able to make much of an issue of the treasury depat iment. Frank Peavey. the greatest shipper of wheat In America, who died In Chi cago a few days ago, carried a life insurance pclicy for $1,000,000 taken out two years ago. on which he paid an annual premium of $43. COO. George Vanderbilt is the only American re maining who carries a million-dollar policy, although there are many men in. I rniiiiuiMM iv. iiw.i. Smoke Cuesta Bey & Co. Clear Havana .j Best en the Market Mason & Baton, urn For overlwenty-fiveYers Americas Starvdeord HiRTvrkde,ten-cert cie'ar. iRUCtiS tttc6.,Distribotorii MAAS . BARUCil LOS ANGELES, CAL. Central Park Floral English Holly Wreaths, Cut Violets and Cal. Holly in bunches Santa .Re Mineral Springs HEALTH AMI REST RESORT Hot Sulphur Baths, - lor I.OO. Noted Mineral Water. For the treatment of Rheumatism, Nervous I-iebility, Spleen, Liver an-1 Kidney Troubles. Kxceilent table: 4 trains each way daily; only 12 miles from Los Anjreles. TJ. H. SIMMONA Manaser, Santa Fe Springs, Cal. Los Angeles office. 201 Currier Huilding. Hates 31.50 to $2.50 per day. who carry $100,000 or more. There are at least t.o citizens of Arizona who are ir.suie l for $100,000 each. Th-1 Prvs.'Oit Journal-Minor and th; Courier complain that they have been dropped froin The Republican's ex change list. Roth paters arc in error. The Republican has been mailed t- tilem lesularly to lat-. and if it is not reived the fault must lie with the 1'rescott postolliip. This paver ir. not in the peanut business. EVILS OF POLICY. Th? policy shops are gambling kin dergartens. The children of the poor see the tick?ts bought nnd sold, and they grow up in a vicious atmosphere. The step from policy to race-track gambling is easy, and the step from gambling to embezzlement is some times not difficult. The man who un dermines character is a dangerous and infamous criminal, and all good people should rejoice when he falls Into the hands of the law. Atlanta Constitution. Grant Hallett of Rush eminty has mnrkete.1 thirty fat hugs which were fed nothing but wheat. On commenc ing this feed Mr. Hallett weighed thv. hogs, as lie did again when lie mar keted them. The difference in weight showed that he received exactly $1 a bushel for the wheat which they had consumed. Kansas City Journal. W.PIERCE'5 Favorite Prescription I am so grateful to you for your ad vice," says Mrs. Sidney H. Cakes, of Whitmell, Pittsylvania Co., Va. " When I commenced your medicines I bad been treated by different doctors for three months or more, but would only receive partial relief for a short while and then would be worse than before. Was con fined to my bed most of the time. At the time I commenced your treatment my left side was completely paralyzed. Had no desire to eat anything; bowels costive all the time. Nerves were all nnstruug, so I could not bear the least noise. I also suffered from diseased ovaries and female weakness. But thanks to my Maker and you, after following your advice, I am able to do all my wash ing, sewing and house work in general. I haven't had a spasm in two months. Left off medicines about one month ago. Didn't think it necessary to con tinue them longer. I have taken about seven bottles of Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription, seven of the Golden Medical Discovery, and two vials of Pleasant Pellets.' I heartily recommend those medicines to all suffering as 1 was." makes weak women STRONG, sick women WELL. ESQ Cigars Agts. 234 w- Go. 138 South Spring Street TJ0S ANGELES, CALIF. Roses, Redondo Carnations keady for tiifflnjK ChriNtmatt Orders KODAKS Photo Supplies, Albums and Calendars Something new Just the thin.g for a Christmas gift. ... DEVELOPtya,. VRlKTIN'a AND ENLARGING". Special attention given to Mail Orders. Howland cSc Go. South Broadway, Los Angeles. THIS OL.D ORG AX. I can see it now a-standin in the por lcr irh and neat, "With its walnut care and yellow, shiny keys; With its dark blue velvet cushion and iia music-rack complete (Its only drawback was a rather crazy wheeze. ) 'Twas the tirst cr.e in the neljrhborhoo 1 and cot a monstrous siim. An 'twould even make the very rafters rinp! When Tiidie pulled the stops out, 'twas the sipn for us to come Then around the organ we would Ftand and sing. An what pleasure, when the young folks, on a Sunday afternoon. Came a-traipsin in to spend a social hour. From the other farms around us: some was lovers, some to spoon On the sofy! Pome was radiant as a flower. An' the o!e folks in the sittin room would stop their talk awhile: Then their door open wider they would lling. An' their faces full o" sunshine oft would light up with a smile. As around the organ we would stand an sing. You could hear Sweet and clear Our young voices, all a-Tblendin,. How they rang As we sang Old-time tuns on high-ascendin, "Nellie Gray. "Far Away," "Mollie Darlin' ' Pray Don't Tease Her." "Rock-a- Bye, " "Hush, Don't Cry,' "Jordan's Banks" and "Ebenezer." i An I mind one face especially, I knew in them old days; One face that's sorter clearer than the rest. 'Twas framed in jet black ringlets, and her sweet an' winsome ways. Fairly set my heart a-throbbin in my breast. Ofttimes now. in the gray twilighl of my life's drear afternoon I can see her, when I gave to her the ring I slipped in on her finger, while the others some old tune. Round the organ, they had started off to sing. Ofttimes now, while softly nnddin in the firelight's ruddy glow. I think that I'm a boy once again. I hear the same old voices, kinder hummin soft and low An it tills my hrart with sadness an with pain. In my throat a lump keeps ilsin for lil hear em never more. To my ears that old sweet music naught can bring For they're gone, the ones who made it. in the happy days of yore. When aroun the organ we would stand and sing. Old-time tunes on high ascendin. "Xel!!e Gray." "Far Away." i "Molie Darlin, " Pray Don't Tease Her. "Rock-a-Bye." I "Hush Don't Cry." , "Jordan's Banks" and "Ebenezer." i PHIL. H. ARMSTRONG. I "Handsome is as handsome does." I says the proverb: hut if a girl Is hand- some she does as she pleases. DO YOU WANT MONEY to Build or Buy a Home, or . Pay Off a Loan? Investigate tlie New Loan Plan of the Phoenix Build ing and L,oan Association. Money on Hand. Lowest Interest Repaid in Small Installments. R. H. BREENE Kol 21 North First Av. Jv!PANS I awoke in the night about two o'clock and found that something I had eaten was fermenting on the stomach. I took two Ripans Tabules and had no fur ther trouble. At druggists. The Five-Cent packet is enough for an ordinary occasion. The family bottle, 60 cents, contains a supply for a. year. , CASTLE CREEK Hot Springs. YAVAPAI COUNTY. ARIZ. "Season of 1901-192 now open; New buildings Just completed; More rooms with baths; all rooms heated by hot water system when re . . ,qio:,Vjd; electric lighting of buildings and grounds. High siniard of excellence in all features strictly main tained. Descriptive pamph let on application. to L- H. Landis, Pass. Agt. S F. P. & P. R'y Co., Phoenix Ari zona, or to C. M. COLHOUN, Mgr, HOT SPRINGS. ARIZ. PHOENIX BAKERY i CONFECTIONERY Is Your Bread as a feather, flaky, sweet, pal . atable? Is it wholesome, nourishing', strengthening? It will be ail df these and more, too, if you jret It from the Phoenix Bakery and Confec tionery. Ed. Eiselc AMBROSE CORRAL, , J. W. Ambrose, Prop., Cor. First Avenue and Monroe St Does a GENERAL LIVERY AND CORRAL Business. BUCKEYE STAGE Leaves Commercial Corral About G:30 a. m. Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. 'visit DR. JORDAN'S great MUSEUM OF ANATOMY 10:i IlF.KLTST .SlirSlJCISCO.tlL. f The I,an;?rt Anatomical Muetrm in the World. e.iknese or Any enrxacted disease pBlll-Iw rarrd ly the oUieat Specialist on the Cuist tst. 36 years. OR. JORDAN DISEASES OF MEN n YPHII.1 thwwebly radi-te1 A from -yotctn i.h"Ut tlie u-e o(!:m-y. mrit'i-d l.v an h.xucrt. m cpre for Bnplnrr, a qcick an uitcal cure for PiIc- Fitftum m r fstMloc. tiy Dr. JutCun s spciui pAM les nie'.Luxiv. S Cineultaticn free and tri--tlynHrat. Trrttmeit per- i sonnirv -t by let-t. A rvsilii Cure tn rvery ca-e T undertaken. Write for IVuik PHILOHOPnY t inniACK, mailed FRii-E. (A valuable book I k for men. ) Call tr write " f DR. JORDAN & CO.. 1051 Market St. S. F. ( When You Want an Incu ubator fret It the I.-s Angeles. ifll unit von. Rf-f one At Hill's Seed House Phoenir. Send for new catalogue. H enry Rlbers 105 AN5HES. CAL. SLAGIER Se CO. Successors to Gillette & Co. Manufacturers nnd Wholesale Dealers in CANVAS TELLSCOPES SLIT CASES, ETC. 645 S. Spring St., Los Angeles, Cal. Western Electric & Machine Company Consulting and Contract- in Engineers. Gen ral Supplies and Motor Repairs. Estimate s furnished on Lighting and Power Plant . 334 S. Main at., Los Angeles. 3 i I g Proprietor K PEstablished 1881 Tho m 891 f & 11 PHOENIX FOUNDRY o iinmtir imnnio Machinery, Supplies, Castings, Repairs, Etc., Etc. 25 to 33 North .Second Street "M-TaTmr-nTTttHTmifflTi A Neat Shirt Front Attracts Attention. . One ihat is otherwise, fltrarti attention too, nd it makes a lot of difference whether one i ton jicuouly correct or conpi:iouily incorrect We mak a specialty ot maklntc Shirt Front attract! v m well aa ml jars and Cuff d. uiTeour Laundry a trial. Yours (or Quoa Work and prompt delivery. Arizona Laundry, cTdE.."d Telephone 391 The Bashford - Burmister Company VHOLOIUI AND RETAIL DEALERS I2f General Merchandise Frescott., Arizona We carry full lines of everything. We have a big store. We do a big business, but can do more j jf When in Frescott it will please os to have you call and get acquainted r The Model Grocery. . A ! w'Ji s read y to serve pro It with the best tho ket anv11- Everything and c-lca"3- When in trouble give trial. Proml delivery. the mar- nev; Opposite from Adams Hotel FOR RISiT Furnished rooms J10 to J15 it" month. Two-story furnished hous.e. First avenue. $35 per month. Two-story unfurnished house. Wash ington street, $23 per month. wort SALE Brick cottage. Third avenue, J750. Two-story brick house, "WaslinSton street, $2500. 10!-aere chicken ranch, house, .'hade trees, 1 mile north Capito I Kroilnda $1200. 5 acres two miles east city hall, $i"0 Blacksmith shop, $600. W. J. MURPHY, O'Neill Blk- Have You Examined the2 Weno Hawk Eye Camera u : 365 days ahead of them all. A complete line of Photo Material. All makes of Film in stock. Out of town orders given prompt attention. Mansfield -Rhodes Wheel Company Telephone Main 1771 30-32 W. Washington St. KEEP JAZ. FRIEDMAN, THlTPAWNBRgKr' who can help you in time of nee'd, ai you can always find him at 41 Nort Center, where he is open, for any fa." deal, and has bargains for everyone in unredeemed pledges, such as watches, diamonds, shotguns, rifles and revolvers. Arizona Loan Office 4 L North Center Street. Near Hotel Adams. Gordon & Smithline . Brick Manufacturers Common Press and Stock Brick Sontb Third Street. Telephone 308