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TWELFTn YEAR. PHOENIX, ARIZONA, FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 14, 1902. VOL. XII. NO. 212. ARIZONA'S GUEST TODAY GEN. ARTHUR MacARTHUR The Commander of the He Will Arrive at Prescott To-Day, in the Course of a Tour of Inspection of the Western Army Posts Something of the Record of a Great Soldier, Who Was Brought Into World-Wide Prominence by His Man agement of Affairs in the Philippines. Majordym-ral Arthur MacArthur. for mer military governor of the Philip pines and now 'commander of tho de partment of the Colorado with head quarters at Denver, will reach Prescott today on his tour of Inspection of Rome of the posts in his department. He left Oenver on Monday evening last, visited Fort Wingate. New Mexico, yesterday ;nd left that point for Arizona last eveninjr. The general is a member of the military hoard which was appointed to make selection of localities for new IKiHts in the United States, report on the old posts which should he aban doned and fix the apportionment of troops. The first report r-f this board wan published in The Republican cf Wednesday. While in Prescott General MacArthur wUl examine iijto the ques tion of the reoccupation of hippi" barracks. It is tiuite possible that th"? people of Phoenix may have the pleas ure of meeting the general, as it has been understood that ho miht proceed to Fort Huncbuea from I'icou. General MacArthur is one of th heroen of the nrmy .of the Tnitvl States. ne" of the six mnjor prcr.'Tal" and fifth In line (General Wheaton be injr his junior), he is th-? youngest all. In due course he will put ced to the command of the army, and on ac count of the early ace et vhl-h he will reach thnt eminence, he will hold com mand for a lonK jeriod. Although young in years the literal has made so much history that it is natural to look upon him as one of the oldest veterans. Entering the army without military trainine. his no tural aptitude for . military affairs oened for him a career which has been giorious indeed, tils great gallantry and versatile tal ents have won for him one of the highest niches in the records of Ame-l-c&n soldiers. Arthur MacArthur was but a lad when he entered the service of the union on the 4th day of August. 1S62. as first lieutenant of the Twenty-fourth Wisconsin volunteer infantry. He served throughout the war with great distinction. He was noted for that dash and bravery combined with coolness in emergencies whi h distinguished Sher idan, t'uster and a number of others whose names adorn 'the story of the great struggle between the n'rth and the south. In January. 1865. he was made a major, in March of the same year a colonel by brevet, and in th succeeding May the lieutenant colonel of the Twenty-fourth Wisconsin, in recognition of his brilliant services m the field. In the following June he was honorably mustered out and returned to civil life. But his liking for military life had not been appeaned, and so h entered the regular army in 136, as second lieutenant of the Seventeenth infantry. He was made first lieutenant the same day and in July of the same year became captain of the Thirty sixth infantry. In th years following the civil war the little army on a crg Ostrich Farm Now v Open I Located in the Capitol Addition at end ef car line lO minuto, drive from canter of city a herd of ' Rlgantio ostriches, standing 7 to 10 feet high. weiKhiiiR 250 to 4"0 ll.s, also a lot if baby, ostrich chicks just hatched, only a few days ulil, and a. herd of Nuhhin ostriches Just arrived after :i two months' vnynpe. having been imported direct from, the Nubian Desert to I'hoenix. ' t t VISIT our salesroom and see the irct lest display of ostrich feathers to be seen, in the United States. Ostrich illumes. tips. boas, collars, fans, pompons, hair nov elties and. in fact, everything made out of ostrich reathers. Admission 25 cents. Open daily, Including Sundays. r ! of the Department Colorado peace footing afforded few opportuni ties for promotion, however, and so It was not until that Captain Mac- Arthur, who meantime had been as signed to the Thirteenth Infantry, be came a major, and it was as late ns that he achieved what appeared to be the limit for a long time, a lieuten ant colonelcy. It was In those days that veteran officers, fully competent to command the entire nrmy. saw s-. of the towns secretly organized coin little chance for promotion that to reach plete insurgent municipal governments, the rank of colonel before the age of ' to proceed simultaneously and in the retirement appeared to be the utmost same sphere as the American govern that could be hoped for. j ments, and In many Instances through But the Spanish war transformed the situation. Then it war that merit had its innings. President McKinley. who always looked ufon MacArthur as one of the ablest and most promising of all MAJOK OKNEUAL the officers of the army, appointed him to be brigadier general of volunteers I in May, 1S&S, and In the August follow ing made him a major general of vol unteers". Tile Spanish-Philippine war is fresh in the memory of all. and the daily papers have told of MacArthur's participation. i MacArthur In the Philippines, first fa3 division commander and then as mll j itary governor of the archipelago, fully j justified the president's selection of him : for hijrh honors. Made a brigadier . general In the regulars in January. I laOO. and mnjor general in 11101. Oencral : I MacArthur has nobly won the rank f. which he now holds. I-1 Notwithstanding the proud record V; he has made in the field anil in front of , the enemy. General MacArthur's thou- j ?ands of friends have most reason. i j.ti . i . 11 ' uniu ill.. i ill; ..ill. ii'ii as governor of the Philippines as en titling him to a specially high place among great Americans, fur there are snd have been many other officers of V I the nrmy whose exceptional gallantry X i and merits have likewise won enduring ''fame. It was after he assumed su : ! preme command of the Philippines in X! May. 1!iio, that General MacArthur had j opportunity to manifest to the fullest X! the versatile talents already alluded to. X ! His genius for selecting the best man I for each place, his quick recognition X 1 f the ability of sulxrdinates a-s wltr . j ness his picking Funston for a "win- I ner" his readiness in organization. X j and. most surprising of a:: :n it military man. his eminent ability in civil af :fnirs. immediately marked him as one X l f the strongest characters In Amerl- i ran public life. His reports on Phil V ! Ippine character denoted the keen student and profound philosopher, and his recommendations to the home gov ernment were the suggestions of a statesman. It is not too much to say that the pacification of the Philippines so far as It has been a success has been carried forward on the lines proposed by General MacArthur. In all the lit erature on the Philippine war there 1ms nowhere appeared such a clear explan ation o? the d'fnrulties with which the subjoined extract from one of General MacArthur's reports: "The Filipinos are not a warlike or ferocious people. Left to themselves a large number (perhaps a considerable majority) would gladly accept Ameri can supremacy, which they are grad ually coming to understand means in dividual liberty and absolute security in their lives and property. The peo ple of the islands, however, durlnir the j past five years have been maddened by rhetorical sophistry and stimulants ap plied to national pride, until the power of discriminating In behalf of matters of public concern or private interest (never very strongly established among them), has for the time being been almost entirely suspended. As a sub stitute for all other considerations, the people seem to be actuated by the Idea that In all doubtful matters of politics or war. men are never nearer right than when going with their own kith and kin, regardless of the nature of the nttion or of its remote conse quences. "This peculiar psychological condi tion has raised practical difficulties in obstruction of pacification. For exam ple, most of the towns throughout the archipelago, under the advice and con trol of military authority, have organ iied municipal governments, for which kind of local administration the people have evinced such intelligent capacity as to encourage the expectation of rapid progress in the art of self-government, when the larger political ad ministrations are organized. "The institution of municipal govern ment under American aupices, of course, carried the Idea of exclusive fidelity to the sovereign power of the I'nited States. All the necessary moral j obligations to that end were readily , assumed by municipal bodies, and all I outward forms of decorum and loyalty carefully preserved. But precisely at this point the psychological conditions ; referred to above began to work with grent energy, in assistance of insurgent field operations. For this purpose most tne same personnel that la to say, th? presidentes and town officials acted openly in behalf of the Americans and secretly in behalf of the insurgents, and. paradoxical as it may seem, with AKTlIl'lt M AKTHUK. considerable apparent solicitude for the interests of both. In all matters touch- Ing the peace of the town, the regula tion of markets, the primitive work possible on roads, streets and bridges, and the Institution of schools, their open activity was commendable: at the same time they were exacting and col lecting contributions and supplies and recruiting men for the Filipino leaders. Wherever, throughout the archipel ago, there Is a group of the Insurgent army, it Is a fact, beyond dispute, that all contiguous towns contribute to the maintenance thereof. In other words, the towns, regardless of the fact of American occupation and town organi zation, are the actual bases for all Insurgent military activities: and not only so in the sense of furnishing sup plies for the so-called Hying columns of guerrillas, but as affording secure places of refuge." In the same report the general wrote as a statesman when he ointcd out that the general education of the Fili pinos is a sine iu.i lion to the perma nent peace of the Philippines, and he was first to make it plain that the natives are eager to be educated. On this topic he said: "The subject of education Is so In timately associated vlth reconstruction in its present progressive and remote consequences that reference thereto is made at this point, as for the present, at least, it forms an Important factor in the military situation. Especially so. as In all matters touching schools there Is a fortunate coincidence of American interests and Filipino aspir ations, which in this important partic ular come into complete and harmon ious focus. The Filipino people are eager to receive at once all that can be imparted, and the tendency of American institutions Is to concede all that is asked; and as the school work can go on in spite of the abnormal conditions of the country, the logic of the situation suggests that the archi pelago be submerged Immediately under a tidal wave of eduation. - the scheme of which to be expanded as quickly as possible to include manual training. "Considerable progress has been made already. Considering the circumstances the results are quite surprising. In (Continued on Third Pace.) A PICTURESQUE WAR INCIDENT A Detailed Description of the Drawing of Kitchen er's Net. A Scientifically Planned Movement Is Defeated Only by the Bemarkable Bravery and Dash of the Boers. London, Feb. 13. Detailed accounts which have just reached here of Kitchener's combined movement to drive out the Boers from the IncTosure of the blockhouse lines show that th; conflict was very picturesque and the most exciting incident of the whole compalgn. Although apparently sur rounded by an impenetrable ring of Are and steel, the Boer's dauntless bravery and dashins charges ultimately result ed In the majority's escape from the mtshes of Kitchener's close drawn net. The British commander's scheme was the most extensive ever carried out during the present war. It consisted of a continuous line of over fifty miles In length. Lord Kitchener personally directed the operations and was soon in close touch with every detail of the move ment. The Boers, though hard pressed, shrank from attempting to cross the railroad, which was patrolled through out the night by armored trains I equipped with powerful searchlights, j The train lights were supplemented by i stationary searchlights and the spec tacular effect was most striking. I!y the side of the railroad were the lark forms of men lying in trenches or standing doing sentry duty. The gloom of a moonless nlgh't was intermittently relieved by the sweep of the search lights. The battle at Meilbron raged from 9 o'clock Friday night until Saturday morning. From various positions be hind rocks the Boers kept up a vigorous fusllade. hoping to find a weak spot iii ; the line. Simultaneously others charged. I but again and again were the Boers I repulsed, leaving dead, wounded and j prisoners In the hands of the British. I At the outset of the preparations the Boers realized that the operations were notVnerely an ordinary "drive." but a movement threatening them with total ' nnnlhllatlon and General Dewet assem I bled his whole force and discussed the situation with the commanders, with I the result that the Boers split up Into I three forces. On Thursday night 500 Boers, headed by Van Collers. rushed a force of Imperial light horse, yelling: "Storm, burghers." About 100 burghers got through, but the remainder, en countering a tremendous fire, were turned back. Friday night's conflict ebbed and swelled over an area of forty to fifty miles. In which the long hunted, har rassed and desperate men endeavored to find outlets. The Boers at one spot got within thirty yards of the British firing line, but barbed wire balked the burghers and forced them to retreat. The firing never ceased. Aided by electric searchlights, the British, har- Lrowed the surrounding territory with shrapnel, shells and Maxim bullets. In the northern section the Boers mode a desperate effort to break through. Col lecting a number of cattle, the Boers drove them down on the British lines. Bending low in their saddles, the Boers rode among the cattle, making It im possible to distinguish them in the darkness. The British pickets opened a terrible fire and the Boers were everywhere met with a relentless hall of bullets. A long line of flame run up and down the firing line, nearly thirty miles In length, as the armored trains Hashed their searchlight over miles of country. The reports of quick-firing guns along the entrenched line and the booming of field guns and pom poms sounded very deep amid the sharp crackling of musketry, while Heilbron fort contributed to the universal din with the deep roar or Its naval guns. This lasted for some twenty minutes, when gradually the rattle died down. Only the crack of single shots was heard. Then all was again quiet. The Boers' attempt to break the British circle had failed. A few of them succeeded In crossing the line, and among them was General Dcwct. POLICE FORGE OF THE EAST An Announcement of the Anglo-Japanese Agreement - ' Made Last Year. It Object Is said to be Peace, but It is Intended to Preserve the Integri ty of Empire Against Bussia. Washington. Feb. 13. The Japanese minister, Takahira, has received the following cablegram from Toklo: "The Anglo-Japanese agreement was announced on the 12th Inst, in the house of peers by N(reneral Viscount Katsura, minister president, and in the house of representatives by Mr. Ko mura, minister for foreign affairs, with the following explanations: "In view of the actual situation In the far east and the Interests of the empires involved therein, and recogniz ing the desirability of establishing close and confidential relations with friendly Rowers having common interests with our own country, the Imperial govern ment entered Into negotiations with th British government last year for the purpose of attaining that end. The two governments having been happily brought Into complete accord upon the subject after extended negotiations, and the Imperial government having obtained his majesty's sanction, in structed their plenipotentiary, to sign with the British plenipotentiary at London on the 30th of January last an agreement having the above objects In view "This agreement is entirely pacific in purpose and has no other object than a proper safeguarding of the interests of the neighboring empires of China anil Corea. k "Considering that the principles of territorial Integrity and the 'open door' have been voluntarily declared and ap proved by all of the powers concerned. It Is our belief that the present agree ment will not be regarded in an un favorable light by any of the powers.' JAPAN'S JOY. Yokohama. Feb. 13. The press here gives vent to unmixed pleasure at the conclusion of the agreement with Great Britain, which has secured for Japan admission to the comity of great na tions. The press also recognizes that the agreement imposes a heavy responsibility-and that Japan must not fall Into the error of supposing peace to be assured without further effort. Several of the papers comment upon the extraordinary fact that the leading world power abandons its policy of splendid Isolation openly to clasp hands with Japan. The Nlchinichl Shimbun says a union of the strongest military power In the east with the greatest naval power in the world constitutes an Invincible force. The Asahl Shimbun. an Important paper of Toklo, declares that the whole country acclaims the agreement, which for the first time re moves Corea beyond the dangerous contingencies involved In the evidences of Russia's willingness to sacrifice that country upon the altar of her great ambition. CHINA SATISFIED. Pekln. Feb. 13. The Anglo-Japanese alliance became generally known here today and has created a profound sen sation. Those British and Japanese residents In Pekin whose opinions are worthy of consideration believe that the alliance Insures peace and will effectually check the dismemberment schemes of other powers. The chief objections raised by the diplomats of opposing Interests is found In that clause In the alliance which contemplates possible Intervention in the event of internal disturbance in China or Corea. These diplomats aro telling the"" Chinese officials that the new treaty amounts to an attempt to establish an Anglo-Japanese protector ate which threatens China's inde pendence. Chinese officials. Including Prince Ching. president of the foreign office, profess hearty approval of the treaty. OUT OF THE WOODS YOUNG ROOSEVELT The President Left Groton for Wash ington Yesterday Afternoon. Groton. Mass, Feb. 13. The most eventful day at Groton school since Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., became ill closi-d with the departure of President Roosevelt for Washington late this afternoon. Before that the president, in the homely phrase, "Ted has Im proved with such a rapid jump that I am sure he Is out of the woods," had told to the world of the load lifted from his mind. The day was full of happiness for the president and Mrs. Roosevelt, and in deed for all -who were at the Infirmary or near the school grounds. The first report from the bedside of young Roosevelt showed that he had .passed a good night. After the morning con sultation of Drs. Lamber and Warren It was announced that the boy's condition was progressing favorably. The report said that the lungs were clearing well, although the patient was still in the second stage of pnuemonia. known to medical men as the stage of exudation. Later in the day Dr. Warren stated that the patient's temperature, respiration and pulse were normal, in decided con trast to his condition during the past few days. The boy rested well all day, although the pulse was somewhat ac celerated for a short period this after noon because of the departure of his father. DIXON WON A BATTLE. New Britain. Conn..' Feb. 13. George Dixon was given a decision on points tonight at the National Athletic cluii over Chic Turner of New York in a twenty-round bout. ...IMPORTANT... The agency of the Orient Insurance Company Of Hartford, Connecticut, has been transferred from J. Ernest Walker &. Co. to Dwiglit B. Heard, corner of Center and Adams Sts., to whom all unpaid premiums should be paid, and at whose office all business of the com pany, of any nature, should be transacted. ORIENT INSURANCE COMPANY, of Hartford, Conn. By D. C. OSMUN, JR., Special Agent. ELECTION OF SENATORS BY A POPULAR VOTE For the Fourth Time the House lla Adopted a Similar Resolution The Passage of a Bill to Pay the Claims of Confederate Officers and Soldiers in Certain Cases The End of the Debate on the Philippines Tariff Bill in Sight,. Mr. Teller Having Finished His Speech A Vote May Be Reached Early Next Week. . . ' Washington, Feb. 13. The house to day unanimously adopted a resolution proposing an amendment to the con stitution of the United States for the election of senators by a direct popular vote. There was no demand for time to debate the resolution. This Is the fourth time the house has adopted a similar resolution. Two bills of general importance were passed by the house today, the remain der of the time being devoted to minor business. One was the senate bill to provide for the payment of the claims of confederate officers and soldiers whose horses, side arms and baggage were taken by union soldiers contrary to the terms of the surrender of Lee and Johnson's armies. The amount to be paid under the bill is limited to J5O.00O. The other bill was one to confer on the Spanish claims commission author ity to send for persons and papers and to punish for contempt. Mr. tirliss, who Is the author of the bill for a gov ernment 'cable from San Francisco to Manila, delivered a speech In opposition to the laying of such a cable by a pri vate corporation. WILL. SOON BE SETTLED. Washington. Feb. 13. While no definite agreement has been reached, a vote on the Philippine tariff bill In the senate seems to be in sight. It appears likely, judging fiom a discussion of the subject late in the day's session, that a vote may be had next week, although the matter is yet involved In some un certainty. Mr. Tellef of Colorado concluded his speech today, lie urged vtrongly that the Filipinos be given the fullest possi ble measure of self-government, the United States simply maintaining a protectorate over the islands. Mr. Mitchell of Oregon delivered a carefully prepared speech in support of his amendment to reduce the tariff duties upon Philippine products coming into this country to 50 per cent of the Dingley rates, maintaining that con gress owed this concession to the Pa ctflc coast states as well as to the Phil ippines tliejnselves. The Philippine bill will not be con- KENTUCKY REBELLION Old Man Turner Threatens to Main tain a Standing Army. Middlesboro, Ky., Feb. 13. The pre cise number of dead as the result of the battle at Turner's "Quarter House" saloon yesterday at Sunset Is now be lieved to be Ave. although there are still reports that ten men were killed. The known dead are Charley Cecil, the Middlesboro, deputy sheriff, who was killed at the opening of the fight: Mike Welch, who was Turner's lieutenant; Frank Johnson. Turner's barkeeper: Perry Watson and Jeff P- Prwter. The last four men were buried, this after noon In the same grave- at the old Turner burying ground. ' Lee Turner, the proprietor of the ftuCiess and sa loon, which was burned, bought each a handsome casket. The men were his staunchest allies. John Doyle, the town man who was thought to have been mortally wound ed, probably will recover. Tom Hopper, an old man who was with Turner's band, was shot three times, but suc ceeded in reaching home alive1. Lee Turner is now at the mines. He intends to rebuild his saloon and fort and says he will remain if he has to keep a standing1 army of 500 moun taineers within his palisade. All is quiet tonight and it Is believed that for the present the trouble is over. The Evans Loan and Investment Co. ESTABLISHED SEPTEMBER 16, 1885 Lren3 Money on Improved Real Estate Have for sale an extensive list of improved and unimproved city, suburban and country realty, containing; many attractive offerings, which is furnished on application. HAVE SCANT RESIDENCES FOR SALE AND FOR RENT. Tender Their Services to Conservative Honey Lenders J. W. EVANS, C.J.CORNELL, Mrostldan-. - Hecrctary HO'm. t ANDO W. WABHINOTON iTRBBT THE PHOENIX NATIONAL BANK PHOENIX, ARIZONA. Paid-up Capital. I100.0UO. 8urplus and Undivided Profits, $60,000. R B. GAGE. President. T. W. PEMBERTON, Vice-President. C. J." HALL, Cashier. L. B. LARIMER, Assistant Cashier. Steel-lined Vaults and Steel Safety Deposit Boxes. General Banking Business. Drafts Issued on all principal cities of the world. Directors Jas. A. Fleming. C. J. galL G. B. Richmond, A. N. Gtye, B, Ueyman, F. M. Murphy, D. It. Ferry, E. B. gre, T. W. Pemberton. sidered tomorrow or on Monday,' the senate having made special orders for both these days. . NEW IRRIGATION BILt : . Washington, Feb. 13. Chairman Tongue, of the house irrigation com mittee tomorrow will Introduce a. new irrigation bill, the main features be ing the division of the reclamation fund between the departments of the Inte rior and agriculture and the recogni tion of irrigation district plana for lssi ing bonds to aid in the construction of Irrigation works. IND1AN MINERAL LANDS. Washington. Feb. 13. The senate committee on Indian affairs today con sidered the general question of leasing lands within the Indian reservations for the purpose of mining. The leases made In the Uintah reservation In Utah re ceived special attention. The discussion was based upon the report made by a ' sub-committee consisting of Senators ! Clapp and Clark of Montana. In which i the position was taken that the IndianR themselves had no control of minerals ' or miner rights within the boundary of their reservations. No vote was taken. ( but it was evident from the -conversa-, lion that a large majority of the mem bers of the committee are Inclined -to accept this view. FOR SUPPORT OF INDIANS. Washington, Feb. 13. The Indian ap propriation bill was completed today. It carries $8.S4.5Q0.. The. Item: for the support of schools is $3,247,920, and- ful filling treaty stipulations, $2,102.1(7: THE WAY IT WILL BE DONE. Washington. Feb. 13. The leaders at the house have made known the forth coming special rule for the considera tion of the war revenue reduction bill. It will provide for taking up the meas ure next Monday, with two days for debate and a vote on Tuesday at 4 or & o'clock. It is the understanding- ajs-i that the rule will provide against amendments and against a. tnotlon to recommit. The latter step is. a wide departure from procedure heretofore. THE STRIKE IS OFF. Washington, Feb. 13. Acting Secre tary of the Navy Darling received a telegram today from the Union Iron works at San Francisco, stating that work had been resumed there on the monitor Wyoming, and that the navy department will be formally notified by letter that the strike at those works Is off. FOOT B A LL PHOENIX PARK FEBRUARY 22nd First Indian Team vs. Phoenix Game called at 2:30, sharp. Final game of the season.