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THE ARIZONA KErUUIilCAN: S-ATU1IDAY MOKKING, JAXUAIIV 17, 1903.
THE mim REPUBLIC!! PUBLISHED BY THE ARIZONA PUBLISHING CO. QEO. W. VIC KE IIS. Pres. and Gen. Mgr. Exclusive Morning Associated rress Dispatches. ... The only Perfecting Press In Ariiona. The only battery of Linotypes In Art- Publication office: 36-3S East Adams Street. Telephone No. 47. Entered at the postofflce at Phoenix, Arizona, aa mall matter of the second class. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Pjr mall, dally, one year Weekly, one year Cash In advance. .t9.00 . 2.00 BY CARRIER. Pally, per montn .$ .75 Arizona visitors to the coast will find The Daily Republican on sale at the following places in Los Angeles: Hol lenbeck hotel news stand, and B. F. Gardner. 305 South Spring Street. CUNIQNf -Kw L ABEL PHOENIX. ARIZONA. JAN, 17. 1903. The Livestock Industry and the Arid West. The annual convention of the Na tional Live Stock association at Kan Fas City has developed an unusual amount cf interest because, perhaps, the live stock industry is vitally in terested in some of the questions which just now are bothering the national ad ministration. As was to be expected, the conven tion heartily endorsed President Roose velt's suggestion that congress provide for a commission of experts to settle the range problem which serves as a bone of contention between cattle and sheep interests. There is. of course, but little possibility that this session of congress will carry out the president's recommendation, but proper co-operation between the executive and the live stock interests of the country should assure remedial legislation in the Fifty-eighth congress. Unfortunately, there appears to be no common ground for co-operation be tween, the stockmen and the govern ment in reference to fencing the public ranges. Through intelligent discus sion of the range-leasing plan during the past year, the conclusion has been generally reached that that system is not practicable on any o the lines heretofore proposed in congress, but apparently the administration adheres to its determination to foice the re moval of range fences from the public domain. This is all the more regrettable, be cause the policy of excluding fences is bused on incomplete information, and is pursued in deference to a clamor which has litt'.e reason for existence. The cry has gone forth that "the public domain must be preserved for the home maker," and it has been supplemented by the slogan "The cattle buron must go." There can be no two opinions as to the justice the necessity, even of protecting all agricultural land in the public domain for the benefit o" the home-maker, and no range, fenced or unfenced, should be permitted to in terfere with the cultivation of the soil. Hut the truth in, that there is a ridi culous discrepancy between the acreage actually available for farming end the acreage claimed to be available by those who have studied the question but superficially. Of the 6OO.0OO.C0O acres remaining in the public domain, but an insignificant fraction is capable of being farmed without irrigation. For instance, the regions in Nebraska in which the most acute difficulties have arisen between the live stock men and the government over the range fences, are for practical purposes almost as arid as the land in Arizona. The same holds true of the vast area included in the plains ol western Kansas, eastern Colorado, western Oklahoma, and western Texas. The rainfall throughout that region is so capricious as to baffle all efforts at successful farming, and it is in reality nothing but a good grazing country. Practically but little of these high plains is susceptible of irrigation. No water for irrigation is available except in the immediate neighborhood of a few water courses, and the contour of the country as well as the small volume of running water precludes irrigation of any consequence. And taking the arid region its a whole, it would be ex ceedingly liberal to estimate that of the entire 600,00rt,fO0 acres, there is water in sight for 10,iHo,000 aires. What is to be done with the re mainder? I" range stockmen are to be excluded, cr even if their range rights are to be disregarded and their fences are to be removed, the loss will fall upon the western communities and the live stock industries Jointly, and no body on earth will be the gainer. It may, and probably does, appeal to the envy of the average-citizen to see a prosperous cattleman drawing his revenues from a fenced range on the public domain. Hut after all, who Is Injured? And who would be benefited by driving the cattleman away? Cer tainly, no profit would accrue to the agricultural homes.eeker. The tens of thousands of men who have met dis aster and fallen into poverty through trying to farm in the arid region with out first taking dye note of the defi cient rainfall or the lack of water for irrigation, should serve as a warning to those who would invite another rush of immigrants upon the public domain in the arid regions of Kansas, Ne braska, Colorado and the territories. And it should be remembered that the prosperous cattleman is no special favorite of fortune. Such wealth as he has accumulated has come through years of frugal industry and careful at tention to his business. He is a tax payer, and in every s?nse just as much of a fixture, and a corner-stone of the commonwealth as if he owned th? arid acres which, through his enterprise are producing their share of the com mon riches. A Victory for Western Republi canism. The action of congress in providing for a rebate of the duty on coal for one year, and placing anthracite on the free list, is distinctively a victory for western republicanism. To be sure, the vote of both houses was practically unanimous there being but five against the measure in the house and none in the senate. But it is no secret that there was opposition especially in the senate to the free coal proposition, and this opposition was confined to a small coterie of men from New Eng land who purport to speak for the re publican party and for the nation whenever bills of broad significance are before the senate. The weftern senator who came out of the debate with the most credit was Jonathan P. Dolliver of Iowa. Senator Hale of Maine and Senator Aldrich of Rhode Island worked them selves into a state of high indigna tion on behalf of the memory of the late Congressman Dingley, and pre tended to treat as a reflection on the character of that great statesman the assertion that a number of the sched ules of the Dingley bill Including the duty on anthracite were purposely placed at a high figure in order to en able this government to reap substan tial tiade benefits by loweiing the duties through the process of recipro city treaties. The course adopted by Mr. Dingley in this respect was in harmony with enlightened statesman ship, and it was absurd for the New England senators to accept th? state ment of fact as an effort to place a stain on the character of the dead con gressman. Neither President McKin ley, Governor Dingley, nor any of the broad statesmen who have led the re publican party have regarded tariff schedules as too sacred to be subject to change, and Senator Dolliver, as a champion of McKinley republicanism fittingly answered the New England senators when he stated boldly that re publican members of congress under stood that the Dingley rates were made high with a view to lowering them by treaty, and it is not surprising that he took senators off their feet when he frankly asserted that from his personal knowledge he knew Mr. McKinley thoroughly understood the circum stances and indorsed them. Speaking of the proposed reciprocity treaties which some of the New Eng land senators are fighting. Senator Dol liver said: "The attitude of congress on these treaties is far from creditable to the government of the United States. Wt saw the reciprocity treaties of 1S90 cast into the sea without a word of notice to the ten or fifteen foreign countries with which we had made them. Then we have by law authorized the nego tiation of similar treaties some of which are still pending in the present congress; we have not given to these solemn negotiations the ordinary court esy of careful consideration. Every body familiar with our diplomatic his tory must agree with me that this neg ligence and indifference of congress has cast still further odium upon treaty making power of the United States. "Now, I do not propose to interest the senate in conversations with the dead or with living statesmen. I spare the senator from Maine's feelings to ward the memory of Governor Dingley. The only thing that depresses me is that in defending Governor Dingley the senator from Maine (Hale) has left the impression on the country that some infamous charges had been made against the memory of Nelson Dingley who was accused here of the horrible crime of having our tariff schedules arranged high enough to permit the negotiation of reciprocity treaties. He has been charged with the complex of fense of deliberately putting duties up so that they might be traded down. Governor Dingley left his opinions on record: there is no need of disputing over his conversations. He reported a bill from, the ways and means committee of which I was a member which di i put duties up for the express purpose of trading them down." Mr. Dolliver then read from the re port of Mr. Hopkins of Illinois, chair man of the reciprocity sub-committee at the time, which Mr. Dingley ap proved. "When such a plan 13 condemned here," continued Mr. Dolliver, "as in famy against the. memory of Governor Dingley which should be defended. I rise in protest. This scheme is in operation in prac tically every country in Europe that has a tariff scheme similar to our own. It ought not to be defended here as something Infamous. I believe more violence has been done to the protec tive system here in the senate by the stolid, uncommunicative refusal to take action on these treaties than by ail those made in the other side of the chamber on account of coal and all other extortions of the protective sys tem. The republican party has an in terest in this controversy that is not altogether represented by the senators from Missouri or Tennessee. For one, I stand for the whole protective policy of the United States, the law of 1S97 modified as it may be by congress in its wisdom from time to time, by changed conditions of business. It would be a reproach to congress to say that there is no way to change a tariff without a hostile explosion. We had for forty years no mechanism for changing tariff schedules. We have enacted pro tective tariffs which have worn them selves out until finally the enemies of the system have overtaken the citadel resulting in a panic from which every American industry has suffered. "The late President McKinley, in his appearance before the American peo ple, spoke for a gradual, sensible relax ation of some of the tariff schedules of 1897, many of which are no longer needed and might be dispensed with to the advantage of American commerce. I have been a disciple of James G. Blaine all my lifetime and I do not in tend to sit quietly in this chamber when It la described aa Infamous to cherish the opinion that the tariff schedules could be honorably modified by sensible trade negotiations. Senator Dolliver eloquently voiced the sentiments of western republicans and of the rank .and file cf the party throughout the nation, and much honor is due him for the signal victory won. A Chance to Broaden. V)ne enemy of the west will have an opportunity to learn something about :t at first hand. The board of regents of the University of California have added Dr. Albert Shaw,' editor of the American Monthly Review of Reviews, to the faculty of the university, as lecturer for 19C3, on "The Morals of Trade." This is a new educational fea ture of the university, created by H. Weinstcck, a prominent merchant of New York, in memory of Barbara Weinstock, and known as the Barbara Weinstock endowment for the fur- heiar.ee of better and higher ideals of business morality. Dr. Shaw is one of the leading niga ine editors In America, author of a number of works on municipal govern ment and a prominent writer on socio logical problems. He took the degree of doctor in Johns Hopkins university and is a very bright man, at course. but he knows a precious little about this region, as is witnessed by his ar ticle attacking Arizona and New Mex ico, to which we made reference a short time ago. The ofllc'ial organ at St. Petersburg, the Messager du Gouvernement. pub lishes a detailed report concerning the measures taken by the Russian au thorities to remedy the consequences of the bad crop, and to insure the feeding cf thi population contained in ten rrov inces of Russia proper and of some re gions in Siberia. Neaily 7,W'0,00 rubles has already been spent for that object, and at the end of the official report, hope is expressed that thanks to t'.it measures already taken, the people will not suffer from want, but will be able to have, next spring, provisions of grain in quantities sufficient for the sowing season. Fort Scott, Kansas, lays claim to the youngest locomotive engineer in the country in the person of Ed Gilbert, aged 21. who has just passed a success ful examination and been "set up." It is noted that three years ago young Gilbert v.er.t on a switch engine as fire man and that his boy friends mad spcrt of him. Worse than that, his girl friends "twitted him about his black face and rough hands." And now, says a Fort Scott paper, 'he is in a position which pays $130 a month, while some cf the young men who laughed r.t him are measuring calico at $j a week. From all the facW gathered during the past week, it appears that the coal famine which prevails throughout the eart and middle west is msi::ly due to the rapacity of coal dealers In the various towns. By a process i f com bining, the dealers in the cities and towns have succeeded in maintaining an apparent scarcity cf coal, ar.d have been able to force prices up to a point which has meant suffering and death ,o the poor. As long as humanity can be so heartless, there will be an un limited field in this country for the Christian missionary. ... t CURRENT COMMENT i Preacher and Housewives. Rev. Jenkin Lloyd Jones, a gentleman of manly and large accomplishments. cannot understand why 350 women came to hear him talk on Browning, and only thirteen took the trouble to patronize his lecture on housewifery. The explanation seems simple enough. Women would be disposed to admit that Mr. Jones could tell them some thing about Browning, but a woman has ill concealed contempt for the masculine opinion of the housewife's duties, even to the extent of includin-j Mr. Jones in the list of men who have nothing to impart in that direction. The trouble with Mr. Jones is that he is not an expert cook, and ht; can hardly blame women for dexdining to accept hia views without r.n accompanyln Tractical demonstration. What docs Mr. Jones know of the practical side of conking? Can he show the- women how to make pie crust or keep a souffle from falling? In other useful fields, can he trim a hat or make a shiri waist? Let him announce that on a certain day he will put on a baker's cap and apron and stand before a gas stove to explain the culinary mysteries, and we'll assure him of such a feminine concourse as will crowd back to the storm doers. . This is woman's age of education. She goes to the lecture hall to be Instructed, not scolded." She wishes to be told, not to do things, but how to do them. That is why so many mothers flocked to see the young men frcm California wash and dress a baby. Has a housewife any respect for a scolding, theoretical reformer who can not turn an omelet? Certainly not Chicago Post. A Queition of Honor. "Is it morally right for a man who has been educated at "West Tolnt or Annapalos to resign from the army or navy in order to improve his financial condition?" That question has been submitted to the Post by a lady who says she has a personal reason for de siring Information on the subject. Wc are bound to give the esteemed inquirer a negative answer. While there are several possible reasons that would morally justify the resignation of a young officer, the betterment of his fortune does not seem to us to be one of them. Nor does the fact that such Money to Loan at Low Rates For building or cn improved city property or In good outside towns. Jt!ST WHAT YOU WAfcT ICW )1HU Ol JtnjIllCUl. luinvn. . . . r If you pay. Our Iohus are made and arc paid on snmeHnn m Lmiin, hij jwu in ly. You do not ma in re stock to pay off a lnau v." in iriiif-i I'liii'.iiif. ....... ... - - A borrower run pi' y eff a loan any time with out notice, penalty or forfeiture. If you wanl a Ion n call on or write our agents, i ii . . i i ir 1. 1. ( r.. r.. rj vr., runriuA. J. K RX F.ST WAlKKK, Phoenix, or MARTIXPALE HOKXK CO.. Pre ro?t. or A. ORFILA or WILLIS P. HaYXES, Tucson. State Mutual Building & Loan Association C. J. AVA.'E, Pee.. Ill 8. P.roaUway, Lot Aneeles. Cal Ballard Pulmonary SANATORIUM "or the cure of Consumption. FASADENA, CAL. MKDICAL DIRECT6n. Dr. W. H. Ballard, Write "or Free Illustrated booklet. When you want an INCUBATOR Get the I OS ANGLLES Ii will suit you. Send for New Catalogue. HENRY ALBERS, Los Angeles, Cal. to Loan on Real Estate or First Class Chattel Mortgage R. H. GREENE, 42 N. Cent-r ' I resignations have cicjrred with some freq-icncy; and th:t sunn of the men who hve gone out of service hnv achieved their object. af.Vct the matter in the least. A palpable v rong is not justifiable by any number of prece de nts. The graduate frcm West Point or Annapolis has been educated by th. government for a specific purpose and at great cost. That cost h.is been defrayed by his fellow citizens. Not a single family in the I'nited t Sates has failed to contribute toward It. He has been provided for until the end of his life. All this on condition of his faith ful compliance with the conditions on which he entered the service. To re sign in order that he may use his edu cation obtained from the government in promoting his own pecuniary inter ests is so clearly wrotfg and, we may add, so seriously wrong that there is no room for argument. Washington Post. Lesson for Cowaid Shniffs. Never ha-, a student of the negro Talladega college, in Alabama, worn stripes, but one would have been lynched the other thy but for the brav ery of a white Alabama man. A negro had been guilty of rape, and the negro, who was visiting in th? neighborhood, happened to have the same l ist name as the guilty man. On just this sus picion he was seized a nil taken Into the custody of a Mr. Porter, who promised to protect him if he was innocent, to the presence of the mob, who, infuriat ed with whisky, determined to lynch him anyway, and threatened to sho;t Mr. Porter if he refused to give him up. Hut. single-handed, and at the risk of his life, Mr. Porter protected "-d aved ih" bov, telling the mob: "If you take him it will be only after having Killed me." There is a lessm for coward sheriiTr. New York Inde pendent. All the National Bank Circulation in the United States could not purchase the assets of The Mutual Life Insurance Com pany of New York. Totnl circulation of all National Bank in tlic t"ni:rd !a:c;, Septemlcr 30, lyoi $323,900,000 Assets of TTir Mutual Ufe Ins. Co. of New York, are larger than tho-.e of any ether company in existence $352,800,000 Slnre orr.nijation this Company has paid policy holders mcf $569,i59 frl.ich is nr.re than any oihcr cnm'any in the w. r'.'i h.L disinirscci. Write fxlay for " Where !iail I Insure? " Tin: Mi:tial Life Insurance Company of New York K:cii.Kj A. .' C. i.L'. , l'rcsiiient. SHIRLEY CHRISTY, Manager. Rliocnix, Ariz. $8,000 Oldest and lar u'est btinR ISMS W. IIILIMAN, Pr.sident HERNUWV. IJItLMN. Vice-Prtsideut J. A. GRAVES, 2nd Vi e-PresiJent The Fanners & Merchants Bank OF LOi' ANGELES, CAL,. Capital Paid Up - - $500,000.00 Surplus (Q. Profits - - $ 1,098,213.25 SPECIAL SAEE DEPOSIT DEPARIMEIMT and STORAGE VAULTS THB VALLEY eAWK t-J I- lJ M Tir 1TT PAPTTAI. .' Rirfipi.rH VM. CHRISTT. rms'.denr. V. D. FlTL,VIL.EIl. Cashier. li. C'HKlSi'Y, Asst. Cashier. Drafts Issued on all of the important cities of the United States and Europe. Discount commercial paper and do a itenerel banking: business. Office hours. 9 a. m. to 3 p. m. DIRECTORS: M. II. Sherman, Wm. V. C. Hatch. Yv'. D. Fulwller, Lloyd B. COURESPOXDENTS: American can Exchange National Bank, cincatro; i irst .rsanonai jinr.K, lais Ansreies: iar.ic of Arizona. I'rescott. Arizona; the Anprlo-CaMforiila Bank. tJan Francisco Cal. Kodaks THE EL PASO NOIHTIi EASTERN SYSTEM K y 9 Kansas City, St. Louis, Chicago, or IVSemphis and principal M f,' points bsyond. Call on agent for fu!i Information e I A. N. Brown, G. f. & WraZSCraiS EAT i The California RestauranliRAiNiER. WITALU HEHVHD T ALL HOUUs Mtrlctlv- r'lr-tCI. Quick rtcrvu Hpcciot Dinner oti J-imitltty 35 North First flvanuo Phoenix. Arizona Sixth Avenue lioiel Only PIoine-Likc Hotel in Phoenix Everything New. Neat and Clean Elegant!' Furnished Sunny Rooms :Inf Meals no cnts. II. M. CtU?MN. Pro?. p i Sanitary When in need of a Porcelain I!aih-Tul. Stationary "Ve.sli Stnr.d or up to date Rath Rcom Fixture?, call and K-t us estimate tbe cost. I WILLIAM EVANS, fcX? " GREAT ROCK A business day saved to itnvcr. Omaha, Kansas City, Chicago and all vorth, ast end southeasteri. points. Summer tourist tickets on tale ev ery Wednesday an 1 Saturday; one fare ,Iu3 $2 for round trip; limit CO clays. ALSO One fare Plus $2 for rounO trip to princiial points in Michigan. Minne acta and Wisconsin. On sale ..-ery day until September 'M; liaal limit October 31. Daily Through Pullman and 'iouri Dining Car Service Through, l'or address H. F. COX, T. F. & P. A.. El Paso, Texae. Three Through Trans-Continental Santa Fe, Prescott & Phoenix By. Connecting witH Santa Fe System. Commencing November lGth the CALIFORNIA LIMITED trains will asain resume a daily schedule. These floating palaces carry dining cars for all meals. This is the ideal and recognized leader of aggressive trans-con-t '.rental winter season passenger carriers. Electricity, steam heat and all modern conveniences ar.d comforts. This train carries only standard sleepers, and all oth-r through trains cany both standard and tourist cars. Direct connections made at Ash Fork with trains EAST and WEPT. For folders, information, Pullman reservations, sc or address II. P. ANEWALT. I,. M. LANDIS. (joncral Passenger Agent, Prescott. !RTSf in Southern California CtURlES SEYllR, Ca-hicr CI STAV 5ICIMAN, Asst-Cs!.icr I MARCO H. MELLMW, 2nd A,st-Ca hir ! CI K HI I A $100,000 2r,ortc) J. C. KIRKPATRN" 1C, Vice President. Christy, E. J. Bennitt, J. C. Ulrkpatrick. Christy. Exchen?e National Rank, New York: Ameri and Plioto Supplies l)EVtL0!'!NG PRINTING EMARGING VIEWS Special Attention Given to Moil o-s- KlU WLAftill Oi LU. LOS ANGELES, CAL. I i connection wilh Ike Rock Island System runs 2 Daily Trains 2 M' to the North and East, fastest Ever" to The P. A., U Paso, Texas Tw Iir?TA7Tl? AWT H i ' or in eo;siniiq ...DINING ROOM... vith Eiegant Chi.- Sevr.e. At ENGLISH KSrilILM, No. M M 2C2i3 :i!ko lr.i:d JV a wc Plumbina h St. ISLAND ROUTE"! st Sleepers Pan Francisco to Chicago rates, folders and other Ir-ftirniatiop' T. li. S. DKASTED, (1. A. P. P.. El Paso, Texas. Tn. SV.RARTIAN. P. T. M.. Crdcn cn. Til. Trains Daily. BEachWayi tlciierul Agent. Phoenix Thf elssatuM la cn every of the genuine Laxative Bromo-QL'SnineTabiota ' the remedy iht cares a cold la oao clay. Cftc national BanU cf Arizona PHOENIX. CAPITAL (paid up) s t. . SI00O.OGO . 50,000 SIRPLIS AND PROTITS EMIL. OANZ President SOL. LEWIS. Vice President S. OBEUFELDER :.. Cashier J. J. SWEENEY Assistant Cashier Transacts General - Dbnl-irg Business Home Savings Bank and Trust Company . PHOENIX, AKIZ. ("harh s I". A1.if .voi th President Ii. II Greene Vice President Frank Ainswoith Cash, and Sec'y. Authorized Cap:t:.l $100,000. Hours 9 a. m. t 2 p. m. Intel est on deposit. No cemmiss ion on Loans. Directors Churle 1". Ainswoith, Harvey J. I e. W. C. Foster. Frank Ai-:svorth, Ii. H. Orceii". THE PALACE Uarbcr Shop and I3etH Rooms Should recelva your patronage when la Prescott. Everything1 strictly modern and flrBt-dass. Palace Building, Mon tezuma street. L H .BAtllY, Proo.. Better known as "fwy." E. S. THOM ;i Licensed li AUCTIONEER A south nt Ave-, IS; auction room S3 South First avenue Garden City Restaurant ' et & good meal. Private zooms for raniil,e8 - Ea,t I CHINQ FUN Proprlet tit. or nntcrnrr niicurtc riDVlC f otel Btir&e AMERICAN PLAN. PRESCOTT. ARIZONA 1C3 rooir.s. All modern conveniences. A btrll .iy UrSi-ClUS!? II1U IUUU.:i li ampi; iokih for comercial men. I BEER ? v : The Best Beer that is used in the Territory. Send orders to II. D. STUTHMAN, Distributing Agent for Arlzons. PRESCOTT. ARIZ. ft The Basiiford - Cufmister 1 Ccmpsny W."OLBSlX AND BKTAIl General Merchandise Prescott, Arizona. We curry fall lines ol everything. We have a big store, We do a big bupines?, bu can do more jjsj I R 3 Uf When in rrescott St will r'ease Ui to have you cU nd get acquainted THE PALACE PRESCOTT. ARIZONA. Strictly on the European plan. Rooms by the day, week or month. Finest bar and club rooms In the southwest. BROW, SMITH-& BELCHER, Proprietors. The Anheuser Saloon and Restaurant CONCERT HALL. Bob Prior. Chas. Bedford. Len Hale. Handle Only J4MEMES E. PEPPER '92. IIIMER RYE 0 MOUNT VERNON RYE WhisKics. Club rooms and restaurant. Best musical talent emrdoyed. Games never close. Its Up to You H. P. (Si C O., Proprietors. T Ktt. itlT-lll. uoca uic tail mat cutn