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FOR SALE: A nice attractive cot
tape, fine lawn and shade; house in splendid condition, lot 50x175 feet, $1200. K. E. Pascoe, 110 N. Center st. ONA KEEUBLICAN JUST WHAT YOU ARE LOOKING FOR Two lots in University addition. 160 feet frontage, close to Five Folnts only J 400 for the two. E. E. Pascoe, 110 N. Center st. FOURTEENTH YEAR. lO PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 21 lO PAGES VOL. XIV. NO. 221 THE IT HAD TO BE Defense of Administration's Course on the Isthmus ONLY TWO THINGS TO DO Prof. Schurman, in an Address Last Night on National Greatness, Said He Believed That the United States had Done the Least Dangerous. New York. Dec. 20. President Jacob Gould Schurman of Cornell university delivered an address in Cooper union tonight in the People's institut? couise on "The true elements of nationil greatness." Afterward taking1 up the Panama question and Mr. P.oosevelt's connec tion with it. he said: "There are some things clear about It. First, we have rights and duties there under the treaty of 1S46, which make !t our duty to maintain uninter rupted transit across the Isthmus. Thi time a new thin? occurs not new eith er, for this is the th'rd time that Pan ama, has .".risen and aseitcd her in dependence. The people of Panama hal a right to rebel. They hul just cauce they said and in a sense they made good their independence. "We insisted that there phould be FOR SALI Eighty acres of land under the Arizona canal with water right. Extra good land near i Glendale $15,00 per acre. R. H. GREENE, g 42 North Center, aaszaisKHSEJi Gut Glass for Christmas and New Years Appropriate Designs. Late and Handsome. 334 W. Washington St. Myriads of Wheels! Such as the Pierce, Tribune, Yale, Thistle, Im perial and others, which would make anyone's heart glad if given one of these for a Christmae present. Prices and payments to suit you. The Phoenix Cycle Co. Half BlocK West of the Adams. Phone 524 Red, H ov e Seen Our Lwlne of Toys and Christmas Presents? We have among other things the Wonderful Wizzard Tops, the delight of old and young! D. H. BURT1S 15 E,aat Withinffton Strcat. RESIDENCE PROPERTY FOR SALE K. Sherman, 4 rm. brk s. $ 900 I n. Add. 8 rm. brk 1,500 K. Jeff. rm, frm. 2 Its 2,0(0. II. Wash. Srm. frm 2,300 Prill's Ad. 6 rm. brk. b 3,000 A number of houses in Montgomery addition for sale at from four nun-' dred to fifteen hundred dollars. Ranch for rent. TEL. Main 365. WOOD-O'NEILL REAL ESTATE CO., O'Neill Block. THE PHOENIX NATIONAL BANK PHOENIX. ARIZONA. Paid-up Capital. $100,000. Surplus and Undivided Profits. $75,000.00. E. P. OA;r;. President. T. W. 1'KMRKRTON, Vice President. II. J. MoCLUNG. Cashier. W. 1 DODGE. Assistant Cashier. Steel-lined Vaults and Steel Safely Deposit iloxes, Oencral Banking Bu;-i-nen. Drafts on all principal cities of ihe world. KIRKCTOKf?: K. 11. Gaire. T. W. lVmf-rton. F. M. Murphv. P. M. Ferry, R. N. Kie.lerieks. 1. II. Chalmers, F. T. Aikire, J. M. Ford, II. J McClung. THE PRESCOTT NATIONAL BANK PRESCOTT, ARIZONA Paid-up Capital. $100,000. Surplus and Undivided Profits, $71,000.00. F. M. MURPHY. President. MORRIS OOLDWATKR, Vice President. R, N. FREDERICKS. Cashier. W. C. RRANDON." Assistant Cashier. Brooklyn Chrome Steel-lined Vaults and Safe Deposit Boxes. A general bank ing business transacted. Directors F. M. Mtirphy. E. B Gage. Morris Ooldwa ter, John C. Herndon. F". O. Brecht. I. M. Ferry. R. N. Fredericks. Long Distance Telephone No. 361. pence throughout Panama. What was the alternative? It was to have al lowed Colombian troops to land and to have stood by while they waged war, may be for years; to have allowed the Colombian coagress one year from now to turn over the canal 1 ights to Francs and thus bring about serious interna tional complications. Between two al ternatives, both dangerous,, our gov ernment made a choice which on the whole seems to have been the most expedient with reference to Amrican interests ar.d the most just in view cf all the circumstances of the case." . rv MEXICO HAS A SURPLUS. Excellent Financial Showing by Gov ernment of Our Sister Republic. Mexico, Pec. 20. Finance Minister I.'.mantom has made public a state ment of the financial condition of Mex ico, showing that in the fiscal year ending June .10 last the total revenues of the government were $76,003,416, giv ing a surplus of $7,80O,iH0 and a gain over the revenue of the preceding year of $9,S76.000. The treasury h;u now a.sutplus in cash of $31.000,nno. The cost of collect ing: th national revenue is a fraction over 7 ccrctnt. o EMINENT LAWYER DEAD I Frederick R. Condert Gave Way to an Affection of the Heart. Washington; Dec. 20. Frederic K. Coudert, the well known lawyer cf New York city, died here today from an af fection of the heart, with which he had suffered for several years. He was 71 years of age. Mr. Coudert, with his wife and an unmarried daughter was ppending the winter in Washington, where he hoped to escape the severity of the climate of NewYork citv. Mr. Coudert was of French narent nge and was born in New York in 1S3. He became prominent as a pub"ic speaker end lecturer and wa appoint ed by the New York chamber of com merce to the international congiess at Antwerp for framing rules of general average. He was a member lS!w-8 of President Cleveland's Venezuela boun dary commission, was government dl rr ctor of the Union Pacific railroad and was government receiver for the same road. He Mas the counsel for the l'r.' ted States b fore the International Per ing sea commission at P.:ns 189!-5. He was rr?sidnt of the Manhattan club of New York and had ben decorated with the Cross of the legion of Honor of France. w m y any fabric, any tolor. and guarantee satisfaction. STAR DYE WORKS. 23 South First ave, 'phone Red 533. PHOENIX, ARIZONA. K. Adams, 8 rm. brk. b 1,000 Den. Ad. 6 acres, 8 rm. frm 4,2."i0 Brill's Ad. It rm. brk. & fun 4,r00 N. 1st, C rm. brk. c 5,000 E. Mon. 10 rm. brk. b 8,r00 CAUGHT THE ENGINEER. A Fatal Accident on an Iowa Rail road. Malvern. Ia., Dec. 20. R.-igineer j west-bound, was killed in a wreck, one mile east of Malvern todfci.v. His cn- T-z sine rolled over on Its side, pinioning Kttox underneath it. He was instantly killed. The fireman. Lawrence Hayes, was bruised. He was on the upper side of the engine as it was overturned, and ran at once to the relief of his ensrt- neer .but was too late to be of any leave the track is not known. The pis- j senders were given a terrible shaking ! up. Men and women were thrown from their sleepers or chairs into the aitdes ana a name louowcn me rrasn. rso one was seriously injured among the nnetinrpr Ivnnr rfwiilpH (tt Prpstnn. "where he leaves a widow, two daugh- . ters and a OD i n j WILL RAISE PRICE OF COAL. Readjustment of Miners' Wages Said to" be Contemplated. Clevelnnd. O.. Dee. 20. Coal orera- . tors of Ohio. We-t Virginia and Penn- sylvanla will raise the price of steam coal at the mines This has become an- parent through the gossip of the coal men who are in conference at the Coal dub in the Hollenden. It is explained that the orioes have been greatly d?-. moralized durinpr the past summer and that a readjustment is imperative. It has become patent that the ques tion of miners' wages cannot be avoid ed. Vhi!e the operators can take no ofTic'il action in this conn?ction their attitude will, nevertheless, be a pretty clear index to the position which will be taken by the interstate coal opera tors representatives in the negotiations between themselves and the delegates from the United Mine Workers' union in the coming conference in Indianapo lis. The coal operators will insist up on the withdrawal of the present wage scale and the acceptance of a reduc tion. ORDERED TO APOLOGIZE The Alexandretta Incident May be Considered Closed. Comdantinople, Dec. 20. The p rt . ' has agreed to th demands o" the Ur.i-! ted states government and has ordere I J the Government of Ahexandrttta t . make ample ology to Consul Davis for the insults and assault to which h; was sub.ietfd by the police cf Alexan- dretta whilf he was cseortinp to a di- parting steamer a naturalized Ameri- ran citlxen named At tartan, who had been liberated from prit-on throuyh the !ntervention of Mr. Davis. 1 If the Turkish government carries out the programme it has formulate I the Alerandrett t incident may be con rideied closed. A BOY BANDIT AT 15 YEARS Ohieopce. Mass.. Pec 20. John T. Ma'.one. who says he is only 15 yearj o!d, was arrested in Springfield la-t night, and later confessed to havir? avsau'tod. bound, and gagged Israel Pie!:, a Main street merchant, yester day and attempted to rifle the safe. CHAS. J. SANICHAS Headquarters for (he Fin est Christmas Candies. The Supremtxs Choco lates are fast making Phoenix famous. Have you that anxious look on your face? Do you lie awake at night? If so and do not know what to buy for your sweetheart, wife or friend for Christmas, I would advise you to smooth wrinkles from your face, visit ii!v" up -. date confectionery store at once and take a good sleep tonight. For what is more appropriate for a dainty Christmas present than a box of NSanichas' delicious supremus or mixed bon bons? I want your candy trade and I am at your service. v Chas. J. SANICHAS. HOME MADE CANDIES.' 1-3 W. Washington street. Highly Improved Subur ban Ranch. 60 acres highly Improved, all In alfalfa, 10 room house, windmill, running water, bath rooms and ' all modern conveniences. At great bargain. SO acres fouiv miles south east of Phoenix, splendid Boil for market gardening. .$1,200 Several extra good bargains In 20 and 40 acre highly improved ranches. Ample funds loaned at lowest rates to assi.st purchasers. Ifomescekers cheerfully furnish ed with full information. DWIGHT B. BEARD !WAR AT HAND Conflict Between Japan and r I rv I Rsia Cannot be Delayed DIPLOMACY EXHAUSTED Rmor That Japan Has Sent an Ulti- matum is not Confirmed bat it is Agreed That Hope of Peace To 1 Solu tion is Practically at an End. London, Dec. 20. Reuter's Telegrum company has learned that considerable or.Jivi caisis hi wie urai inieiiiieu circles or iinaon, regarding me pos sible outcome or the situation in the far east. Fears are. it is said, ex pressed that the Russian government may have overstepped the bounds which would make a continuation of peaceful negotiations with Japan pos- sible. It may be regarded as quite certain, it asserts, that Japan will not accept the principles of the Russian note, which are altogether at variance with Japan's main contentions, and that Japan's reply must necessarily be cast in this sense Apart from the delicate state of the negotiations between the two t nations Reuter says it is also known that Rus sia is assuming a more defiant atti tude and the outlook may be regarded as more gloomy than it has hitherto been and it is said that the resources of diplomacy have been completely ex hausted. THE SITUATION VERY GRAVE. i Pekin. Dec. 20. The rejort cabled : from Tien Tsin to Txndon Saturday to the effect that Japan had sent an ulti matum to Russia is discredited here and no information of a corroborative nature is in the possession of the for eign legations. While tiie knowledge of the legations on the situation leads to the tudief th it the sending of an ultimatum is im probable, the prospects of var are evi dently increasing. The British legation some days ago received a telegram indicating that war was jMissihle and the Japanese legation is informed that Russia's re- --nt reply to the Japan proposals were unsatisfactory. While no news has been received at the Japanese legation that Japan has sent an ultimatum to Russia, it is reeognized at the legation that a grave crisis is appieinf h'ng. Major General ;Yan;ani. tae Japanese military attm-h", and the Japanese -olonel who ha.-, been instructing' General Yuam Shal Kai's troons have, both started , for Japan." The n;itivc press recently reiiera'ej a circumstantial story to the effect that In the event of Manchuria beius retained by Russia, it was the inten tion of Great Britain to establish a rrotecWorate over the Yangtse valley as compensation and to appoint a vice- roy therein, so that her prestige in the far east would be equal to Russia's. DEPOT OF SUPPLIES British South Africa is a Growing Market A Ninefold Increase of the Business of the United States There in Re cent Years. Washington, Dec. 20. The value of South Africa as a market is the subject of some sjiecial attention at the pres ent time by reason of a repoit upon that -subject recently presented to the Hritish parliament. This rewrt shows that the I'ritish colonies in South Africa have become of grea.ter import ance than any other of the British col onies except India. "Ten years ago," It says, "Great Britain's exports to South Africa were valued at a little under 9.000,000 sterling: last year they al most reached f26.000.COO. In 1893 South Africa stood sixth cn the list of Great Britains' customers; last year she stood second, and was only beaten by India. It is no rash prediction that this year she will pajs India ar.d .stand first on the list as the largest buyer in the world of the produce and manufactures of the mother country." This statement of the Rrcat import ance and rapidly growing importance of South Africa, as an importing coun try lends especial interest to some fig ures just prepared by the department of cemm-jree anil labor through its bu reaus of statistics, showing the growth of exjx-rts fiwii the United States to British Africa and trt Africa as a whole. These figures show that the ex ports from th? United States to Brit ish Africa have grown with even greater rapidity than those from the United Kingdom referred to by the re port above quoted. Exports frcm the United States to British Africa grew from $3,688,1)99 in 1R93 to $33,844,395 in 1903, or, in other words, were nine times as much in 1903 as In 1893, while exports from the United Kingdom to South Africa grew from $."9,896,000 in 1S93 to $125.20.000 in 1902, the 1903 fig ures not being yet available. Thus, while exports from the United States to British Africa are in 1903 nine times those of 1893, those from the United Kingdom were in 19)2 but three times ns much as those in 1893. The relative growth of exjtorts from the United Slates and from the United Kingdom to the territory In question can be more accurately determined by utilizing the figures of the United States for the year 1902, since the fig ures for the United Kingdom for the year 1903 are not yet available. This shows that the exports from the United States to British Africa grew from $3, 688,999 in 1893 to $28,780,105 in 1902, the total for 1902 being1 nearly eight times Sl great as that for 1893; while, as al ready indicated, that of the United Kingdom for 1902 was only three times as great as In 1893. " The total exports from the United States to Africa have grown with great rapidity from $5,196,480 In 1893 to $38. 436, 853 . in 1903, being more than eeven times as much in 1903 as in 1833; while to Asia and Oceania our exports grew from $28,064,038 In 1893 to $95,827,528 In 1913; to South America, from $32,639,077 in 1893 to $41,137,872 in 1903; to North America, other than the United States, from $119,788,889 In 1893 to $213,482,769 In 1903, and to Europe, from $G61,976,710 in 1893 to $1,029,256,657 in 1903. ' That tiere Is still room for a growth in exports to South Africa, and that our share in supplying that market still falls far below that of the United King dom, is evident from the fact that the total value of merchandise exported from Great Britain to her South Afri can colonies in 1902 was $125,280,000, against a total of $28,780,105 exported frcm the United States, in that year t; all British rioasessions In Africa. The table which follows shows the British statement of exports to South Africa from 1893 to 1902: Year. , Value. 1893 $39,896,000 1894 $42,796,000 1893 $54,553X00 1896 $72,014,000 1897 $71,284,000 1S98 $65,036,000 1899 $61,235,000 1900 $65,697,000 1901 $86,882,000 1902 $125,280,000 The following1 table shows the exports from the United States to British Afri ca in each fiscal year from 193 to 1903: Year. Value. 1S93 : $3,688,999 1894 $3.983.883i 1S95 $5,203,378 1895 $11,290,995 1897 .' $13,096,643 1898 $12,027,142 1899 $15,155,610 1900 $16,269,482 19(1 $21,654,458 1902 $28,780,105 1S03 $33,788,629 REMOVED FROM POVERTY A Pitiful Tragedy Caused by Despon dency Over Financial Affairs. ""Jeveland, O., Dee. 20. Rosco W, Lcrby, a. machinist, despondent over financial affairs, killed his wife and their three children at their home hers early today and then committed sui cide.. The dead are: Koseoe W. Derby, aged 45: his wife, Delia; Harold, nged 8; Alice, aged 7; Thomas, aged 5. The iijme was extraordinary in its thoroughness and evidently had been planned carefully by Derby. TEA CULTURE IN THE SOUTH. Government ment Reports on Its Experi- in South Carolina. Washington. Dec. 20. Some Interest ing facts concerning the present and future of the tea. industry In the Uni ted States are contained in the annuil reiort of Professor B. T. Galloway, chic of tho bureau of plant industry of the agricultural department. The government plantation at Sum mervill?, S. C, last year produced! over 9,fK"iO pounds of tea, most of it of a high grade, and this year, with the increased af reage planted, the crop is expected to . " be muc-h larger. Recently, 100 acres or good land at Mackay, Wharton coun ty Tex., were planted in tea, and it is believed that the plant "will become easily aeclimated in that sction and can be profitably grown. SENATOR HANNA'S ILLNESS. It Turns Out to be Nothing But a Bad Cold. New York. Dec. 20. Senator M. A. llanna. who was too ill to attend the banouet of the national executive com mittee of the civic federation last evening, was confined to his room at the Waldorf-Astoria, all day. He is beinc attended by Dr. Calvin Adams, who said tonight that the sen ator has a severe cold, which is in no way serious. He Iws advised Mr. Han na to remain within doors for the pres ent. A NEW YORK MURDER The Whitechapel Atrocities are Re called by It. New York. Dec. 20. The White Chap el atiocitles of "Jack the Ripper" and the murder of "Old Shakeispear" by the Arab, lien Ali, in this city, were re caFed by the discovery' today of the fearfully mutilated body of a worn in in a. sailors' resort of the lowest tyie in James' Slip near the East river. The woman, Sarah Martin, a notor ious character, went to the place last night accompanied by a man, who ap tiea.red to b a. Swede and who regis tered as Carl Nelson and wife. The man left the hotel this after noon and an hour later the body of his companion was found. The woman's throat had been cut and the body was otherwise frightfully mutilated. GUEST OF TOLSTOI. Mr. Bryan's Fourteen Hour Visit With the Philosopher. St. Petersburg, Dec. 20. Wm. J. Bryan arrived here today. Mr. Bryan says he" spent fourteen hours with Count Tolstoi on Friday left, arriving before breakfast. He rod half an hour with Tolstoi, who then insisted that Mr. Bryan should .take a siesta, while the author wrote. The conversation between Tolstoi and Bryan took the -widest range. BECOMING RECONCILED. Department of Bolivar Inclined to Ac cept Isthmian Situation. Panama. Dee. 20. News was- brought tonight by the steamer Martinque from Savanilla that two battalions of Co lombian troops haive. left Savanilla for Quidedo. Passengers on the Martinque declare that everything is quiet at Savanilla, and that there is a growing dlsnesitlon on th.e part of the depart ment of BollvaT to ace;ept the situation on the isthmus. WILL CURTAIL PRODUCTION. English Cotton Spinners Seek Agree ment With Americans. London. Dec. 20. The master cotton spinners rrf southeast Lancashire have resolved to telegraph to the American and Kuropean cotton associations ask Inj them to co-operate with the Lan cashire epinness in establishing short time In the mills. It is stated that they proposed to run the mills on short time at the begin ning of a new cotton crop Is unpreced ented. A movement has beeif started looking to the holding of a great meet ing of cotton manufacturers to consid er the position. 0 KANSAS CITY MARKETS Review of Prices and Conditions of the WeeK. Kansas City, Mo.. Dec. 20. Cattle re ceirds at Kansas City last week were 36.508 cattle and 3,719 calves, as com pared with C3.126 cattle and 3,906 calves the same week last year. The week, of course, showed a further reduction in the supply of western range stuff, blockers and feeders had a good de mand, and closed the week 10 to 20 cents higher, with c?:es of more gain?. Some $.''.25 feeders Thursday were 40 cents higher than the' low time in No vember. Cows did not change for the week, and though beef steers were more or less" dull all week, prices on them averaged about like those of pre vious week, and sold from $3.50 to $4.25 mostly. Stock calves were dull, but veal calves were scarce and firm. The run yesterdiy was 10.000 cattle, and r: ices started out? strong1 to 10 cents higher, this for stackers and feeders. Fat ftuff and cows averaged about steady. Inquiry for stackers and feeders is the strongest feature of the market as it was ?ll of last week. llane sheep and lambs are still ar riving in some numbers, but the total supply last week was only 15.831, a-ins:-t 31,206 for the same week last year. Some Utah ewes brought $3.25 la.-;t week, ajid wethers $3.40. Sheep and yearlings from Montrose, Colo., St pounds, brought $3.65, and the feed ing end of s-ame shipment sold at $3.25, 82 pounds. Mr. Eaton, Springer. New Mexico, sold feeding wethers,, 77 pounds1, at $3.1J). and 82 pounds wethers at $3.40. Fioersheim Mercantile Co., sme point, sold feeding lambs at $3.65, 44 pounds. The run yesterday was ilght,and prices on both sheep and lambs strong to 10 cents higher. The light run keeps prices relatively high nt Kansas City, and out of line with competing: markets. A THOUSAND IN PERIL. Red Star Line Steamer Aground a Dangerous Position. Flushing. Holland. December 20. The Red Star Line steamship, Fin- 1ind- which left Antwerp at noon Sat I . .. . x- -v- 1, 1 1.. urday for New 1 ork and later ran ashore neai Nieuwf nfluis, lies in a dangerous position. The weather is foggy. The Finland has a thousand passen gers on board. The vessel was going at the rate of sixteen knots an hour, when she grounded. Attempts were made at 2 o'clock this afternoon to float her, but unsuccessfully. o SIX WERE ASPHYXIATED. j Different Fatal Cases Occuring in San Francisco. San Francisco. Calif., Dec. 20. persons were asphyxiated by illumi nating gas last night and the coronor concluded that the cases were all acci dental. In most instances a window was oien in each room In which gas waa escaping and the coronor called at tention to the fact that it is popu larly supposed a fatal result cannot ensue where; fresh air also has en trance. o - EATS OPIUM PILLS. Superior, Wis., Dec. 20. The twenty month daughter of C. O. Stensrud died from eating some of her sister's med icine for the grip today. The little girl got hold of pills while alone and ate a great quantity of them. The pills con tained opium, which caused her death In two hours. WEATHER TODAY Washington. Dec. 20. for New Mexico and Monday and Tuesday. -The forecast Ariozna Fair 136 YEARS OLD. Stamford, Conn. , Dec. 20. John "Andy" Bradley1 of Darien. an inmata of the Soldiers' home at Noroton. de clares that he was 136 years old last Friday. "Andy" has been at the home since 1S92. He was admitted from New Haven, which was his home Cor years. o MRS. DOWIE SPENDS MONEY. Cannes. Dec. 20. Mrs. Dowle and her eon, Gladstone Dolwie, are following the usual habits of the visitors here. They have fine apartments and take their meals in a restaurant. They wear furs, have' a carriage and enjoy every com fort. The hotel keeper was anxious ot the first news of the failure of Elijah IIT.. but he seems to be satisfied now that his clients have plenty of money. FAILING CROP Cotton Production of the United States Falling Off THE LESSENING INDUSTRY All the European Countries Engaged in Experiments Which They Hope Will Enable Them to do Without American Cotton Altogether. Washington, Dec. 20. The steidy re--duction in the cotton production of the United States in recent years is result ing in vigorous and systematic effort by European countries to establish a cotton-producing industry in other tarts of the world which shall render them independent of the United Spates for this important staple, which has for many years brought more money into this country than any other pingl? product of the farm or factory. Prior to 1898 the cotton production of th- ITnited States steadily increased, ar.d this country became the great cotton producer of the world, supplying fully three-fourths, and in many cases four fifths, of the world's- cotton. In 1S9S the crop was the unprecedented figure of 11,199.994 bales, and in 199 had reached 11,274,840 bales. From that pe riod began a reduction of cotton prc duction, the figures for 1903 being 9,436. 416 bales; for 101, 10.383,422 bales; for 102A 10.C80.680 bale and the depart ment of agriculture now announce an estimate of 9.962,000 bales for 1903. T.e . total value of cotton exported from the United States since 1870 is $7,339,6.8. 392. and from 1S00 down to the irefer.t time, $11,237,926,092. Thus while in nearly all the othcr great productions of the country the vears from 1899 to 1903 have shown a steady advance, that of cotton hi? shown a steady decline. Coal produc tion, for exa.mple, has increased from 226.000.000 tons in 1899 to 261.000.0f0 in 1902; pig iron, from 1 3.000,0. ;0 tons In 1899 to nearly 18.000.000 in 19i2: steel, from 10.500,000 tnn in 1S99 to 15.000.0t0 in 1902: copper, from K530"0 ton? in 1899 to 286,000 tons in 1902; silver, from $7n,000. 000 value in 1899 to $75.f.JO,0MO in 19)2- gold, from 71.000,000 in 1S9" to 00,000 in 1902; wool, from 272, CO.WH rounds in 1899 to 316.00.000 in 1902; wheat, from 547.0OO.n00 bushejs In isf'9 to 670,000,000 in 1902: corn, frcm 2.00O. 000.000 bushels in 1899 to 2.500.ooo,f jn 1902: while cotton has fallen from 11. 274,000 bales in 1SP9 to an estimated 9.- 9C2.000 biles in 1903. The effect of this reduction in ' our production of the clothing material for which the world relies almot-t exclus ively upon the United States and the consequent hlgi prices resulting fiom the decrease of production has be n as above indicate'd. a vigorous end sys tematic attempt in the European coun tries having colonial possessions in a cotton climate to establish a cct'on producing industry in those posses sions. The English th3 Flench, tre Germans, the Portuguese, the Ru-si ins. the Belgians: in fact, practically all th" European countries hilng territo-y with a climrte which suggests the practicability of-cotton production ire now actively at work attempting to es tablish cotton-growing industries in some parts of their tropical or sub tropical areas. This includes, in th case of England, her colonial ross?s sions in east. Africa, west Africa. Indi;', the West Indian islands, and her ros-c-ccjons on the mainland of tropical America: Germany, her possessions Pi Africa, Prussia, her southern territory, while the Portuguese and Belgian pos sessions In Africa are also beimr sub jected to careful examination with ref erence to their cotton-producing possi bilities. . This subject of possible and ierhopi probable serious competition In cotton production from other parts of the world has resulted in the publication by the department of commerce and la bor, through Its bureau of stat'stic. of a series of statements from the United States consuls and from com mercial, industrial, and agricultural publications in various parts of . th? world regarding the steps being taken to develop and promote a permanent cotton industry in territory controll?d by other countries. The prim movers In the promotion of an adequate cotton supply outid- of the United States are the "Brlti h Cotton-Growing association." the "Ko-lonial-Wlrtschaftllche-Camitee," of Berlin, and the "Colonial Cotton asso ciation" In France. Consul G;n-ral F.vans of London, reports that the Brit- (Contlnued on Page Five.) OSTRICH FARM Capital Addition . NOW OPEN. Fifty Gigantic Ostriches, beautiful display of Ostrich boas, plumes, fanJ, etc., at Producers prjees. West end of Washington street car line.