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THE ARIZONA- REPUBLICAN, SATURDAY MORNING, .MARCH 21, 1908.
. . . . . ISBikHl Makes the most nutri tious food and the most dainty and delicious. i The only Baking Powder made from Royal Grape Cream of Tartar No fussing or fretting over the biscuit making. Royal is the aid to many a cook's success. NO AlUM-NO UME PHOSPHATES. , pJi-ii. - - -- V SHESSSBBl! a Jt A PKOPOSED PLAN FOR THE UNEMPLOYED Proposal That States or National Gov ernment Shall Carry Labor to tha Land. New York, March 19. (Special cor rvsponden.ee of The Republican.) .Ww York, for a number of reasons, ill ways feels any recession In the tido !' prosperity more keenly than most it'ier cities of the country. If it is the, Mecca of those who seek great weaith or the pleasures which wealth inn buy. it is equally so for thousands i f those who are cast adrift by the losing down of industrial plants in i her parts of the country. A few days ago, as a prosperous lawyer stood on a Broadway corner, waiting for the car which would take Mr.i down town to his business, he was approached by a clean-cut, well dress ed young fellow who carried a sample . ;tsi- in his hand and "touched" him I' .r car fare to reach a destination in !!: same direction. The lawyer yield ed to the extent of a dime, and on the way down town he learned that his i . nipanion, up to last fall, had been a traveling salesman for a western cun- ern for which he did a good business and from which he drew a good sal ary. His position was lost in the crash and with the courage of youth and eighty dollars in his pocket, he started for the metropolis in search of another engagement. Dollar by dollar his money vanished. Then his watch was pawned, his handsome sole-leather sample case was exchanged for a elieap imitation affair, and the few dollars thus obtained went to main tain the necessary appearance of re spectability. There was no further sacrifice he could make and maintain the necessary appearance of respecta bility, so he was reduced to the ex tremity of begging carfare on the liance of its putting him in touch with employment. "Not only was the young fellow gentleman enough to pay both carfares from the dime I had given him." said the lawyer in relating the incident, but h; showed me letters and other papers which were convincing proof at least of what he had been. That young man's case Is typical of thousands in New York at present." It is, however, the more numerous :ass of unskilled workers, less provi dent, perhaps, but certainly separated by aii even narrower margin from the ragged edge of poverty, which is the chief source of anxiety to public offic ials and charity organizations in times like these and constitute the great mass of the unemployed. From Pitts burg, during the past few months, there has been an exodus of 47,000 inu- hanks and laboring people, and all the great industrial cities have seen a. similar exodus. Many have. been immigrants returning to European countries to tide over In a more econ omical way than it would be possible to do here the interval before return ing prosperity creates renewed de mand for their services in their ac customed fields of labor. Many, how ever, have come hoping to find em ployment in some of the great public improvements now projected or under way. and finding only disappointment, have become recipients of charity or have sought refuge in some one of the numerous "colonies" which, for lack of useful employment foster and breed crime in the body politic. Every city in the union has contributed its quota. Tin- criminally Inclined and the pro fessional fomenter of social unrest have been among the first to arrive, and an outbreak of crime has followed, many of which might be directly traced to a congestion of population far be yond the needs of business at the pres ent time. ' ' Side by side with this problem of the unemployed Is the equally serious if less immediately pressing problem of who shall till the land a problem which, while it waits for solution, has within the past few years enhanc ed the price of food products to a point so high as seriously to aggra vate the hardships which, in such times as these, menace all but the comparatively well-to-do. Yet, of these two problems, one Is the key to the other. All that Ls needed Is an effec tive means of bringing together the would-be employers and the unem ployed. "The state of Louisiana can furnish homes and employment for aH the idle thousands in New York today," said Mr. J. L. Knoepfler of New Or leans, secretary of the Louisiana State Board of Immigration, a few days ago in commenting upon the subject: "yet only 45 families have removed to our state from this city since the financial crisis of last October reduced thous ands to poverty and distress. "With us there Ls plenty of room on the land for all who will apply for it. The state contains 27,010.000 acres, and only about 6.000.000 are under cultivation. All the equipment that the honest and deserving homeseeker needs to bring with him Is the strength of his two arms. The land poor own ers of the great plantations will fur nish the rest all the land he can cul tivate, a house to live in. seed for the first crop, fire wood for the cutting, and horses or mules for the heavier work, all for a half of the crop. For a little larger proportion, the owners will go further and furnish the necessary implements. Even the problem of transportation need not trouble the earnest homeseeker overmuch; for, in the case of the honest and deserving who have not the means, the state will extend the necessary aid." Practically the same conditions ob tain in nearly every state of the south and southwest. Each state has Its im migration bureau whose business it is to furnish Information and safeguard the interests of immigrants from the unscrupulous and designing. Great 'levelopment companies have been formed for the purpose of buying up huge tracts of railroad and other lands at prices unapproachable ex cept for thousands of acres and upon such terms of payment as would bo prohibitive to the Individual. Cut up into small farms, these lands are of fered on the most favorable terms at prices ranging from $10 to tin an acre for good land, and every possible aid is extended to deserving homeseekers. "Under these conditions the aver age immigrant of the more thrifty ag ricultural class, after paying the ex pense of transportation, buying such furniture as he may need, and support ing his family. Is able to save $200 or $300 the first year, to apply to the purchase of his land or the. necessary' stock and tools. So great is the desire to promote immigration Into the south and the southwest, that a three days' confer ence to consider the subject was held in this city two years ago. which was attended by representatives of nearly every state, railroad and steamship line in that section or having connec tion with it, and by many cities and Industrial enterprises as well. The crux of the situation seems to be the question of transportation. The railroads and steamship lines have done all they can, or at least all that can be reasonably expected of them, by reducing fares to the lowest possi ble point; the agricultural department and Immigration bureaus of the vari ous states have exhausted their ap propriation again and . again, and de velopment companies have gone as far as their finances will permit in aiding the worthy and deserving. Still neither of the two inter-dependent problems is solved. New York and the other large cities of trie country. New York especially, still- carry their bur den of caring for and restraining the unemployed: not only the south, but every other agricultural section of the country is suffering for lack of the labor that could be supplied by those in enforced idleness in the cities. It Is comparatively little that private or corporate enterprises can do with Its limited resources; it is not much that state bureaus can do with their meagre appropriations; is ls practic ally nothing that charity organizations tan do, dependent as they are upon a fluctuating tide of subscriptions, al ways at its lowest ebb when the need is greatest The most that all these forces combined can do is insignificant when compared with , the need, while the lack of concerted and harmonious action is wasteful In the extreme. ( All these circumstances give pecu liar weight to the discussion of this question of government transportation of immigrants and other laborers from congested districts to those where bet ter opportunities for employment are offered, which came up at the meeting of the National Liberal Immigration Leatcuo held in this city last week. The league advocated the passage of a national law providing free transpor tation in such cases. At the meeting it was pointed out that in some new countries. Argentine for example, not only are immigrants entertained at the expense of the government for a week or more. In order to give them an op portunity to decide upon a future home and lire of employment, but when ' a choice has been made, free transpor tation is furnished to any part of the country, thereby avoiding a congestion which makes for poverty and crime, or requires the aid of charity, as In New York and other large cities of the United States. In this country, under the present immigration law. a head tax of $4 is Imposed upon each arriv ing immigrant, with no other practical result than still further to impover Ism those who are already poor enough while it accomplishes nothing toward keeping out the keencr-witted crimin ally inclined, to whom a few dollars of head tux mom or Hess s a matter of small consequence. Then the Im migrant is turned out to make his own way In a new country, with the injunc tion that if he becomes a public charge within a certain period he will be deported. It ls not necessary to seek the more remote sections of the south and west for the willing worker to find profit able employment and the prospect of Independence and a home. Right hers in New York state and in other near- jby states within a comparatively short distance of the metropolis, the demand for agricultural laborers is still more insistent because it comes from farm ers to whom the lack of help means de preciation and loss in the value of their investments in lands and Im provements. Within the past three years the state department of agriculture in this city has provided over 0000 single men and heads of families with homes In the country. Fifteen hundred such fami lies have been sent out during the past year, and the demand for reliable help Is so great that the department has found it necessary to advertise in the "help wanted" columns of the daily papers in order to secure a satisfac tory class of applicants. Mr. C. W. Larmon. confidential ugent of the de partment, said a few days ago that fre quently 200 or more applications are received in a single day. The pre ferred class are married men. Such men can readily obtain the free use of a small house with a garden in which can be reased all the vegetables the family will require the year round, ah the fruit and milk needed, and an op portunity to keep sufficient poultry and pigs tu afford an abundant supply of meat and leave something over to apply on the grover's bill. As a consequence the laboring man, who in New York finds the wages of a day ir two at most all that bridges the gulf between affluence and pover ty, is able to save nearly ail of his wages, and in a few years himself be comes a landed proprietor. If he has a wife or children who are able and willing to work, there is always am ple employment for all In neighboring homes or in the lighter work of the farm. . In times like these, however. It Is al ways the question of transportation which opposes an Insurmountable bar rier to the free circulation of labor. To the man who is absolutely without funds, employment within a few miles of the city seems practically as far from the attainable as employment In the more distant sections of the south and west. The immigration bureaus or agricultural departments of most of the states have no appropriation from which to extend aid to the de serving; so the only recourse is to request the prospective employer to advance the necessary funds to pay for transportation. In many casesthis Is willingly done. Where it is refus ed, there remains nothing for the seek er of honest employment to do but to remain an object of charity or descend to crime. o SPECIAL MEETING OF BOARD OF TRADE Also Reference to a Number of Recent Additions to the Board's Display. Seasonable Articles Lower Prices Hose LADIES' WHITE LACE HOS, all sizes. 20c quafity; special, per, pair only j . 12 1-2 Hose LADIES' BLACK LISLE FEATHER WEIGHT, GAUZE, SEAMLESS HOSE either in drop-stitch or plain, 2rc qual ity; special, pair 19 Hose A BEAUTIFUL LINE OF LACE EM BROIDERED HOSE, very suitable for low shoes. In black, browns, cham-1 pagne, tans; special, pair 50 White Lawn Waists WHITE LAWN WAISTS About 2u0 snmple Waists, beautifully made of white lawn, India linen and embroid ery; long or short sleeves; buttoned either front or back; worth $1.S0 and $2.00; special 85 Rajah Silks RAJAH SILKS in such colors that are the season's favor. Copenhagen blue, reseda, light or dark tan and brown, black, cream and natural; an 83c yard ' value; xextra special, yard 58 Jap Silk I JAP SILK, a yard wide. In white only; special, yard 48 Figured Mull FIGURED MULL In blue, green or tan; will make a very , rich dress or waist; 27 inches wide; special, per ard 60 Skirts $6.50 PANAMA SKIRTS, ia llghf grey and mixed, plaited all the way around: special S2.90 $750 BROWN AND NAVY SKIRTS, made .f Herring Bone Suiting, all wool, plaited front, bank and side. Special 3.90 $8.00 BLACK, ALL WOOL PANAMA, BOX PLAITED SKIRTS. special 84.75 $8.50 SILK LUSTROUS BRILLI ANTINE, BLACK AND NAVY PLAITED SKIRTS, nn PTcepiior.aiJy gvd bargj'.n. Special t 85.50 Long Silk Gloves LONG SILK GLOVES We have a Silk Glove in black or white, full length, double tips, a $1.50 glove; ex tra special at, pair 81.15 Lawns LAWNS Nice quality. In flowered, figured, stripes, small or large polka dcts. worth 20c a yard:, special per ar'l 15 Tussorine Lawn TU6S0RINE LAWN, soft and nice. good quality, always sold at 3.1c- per yard; special, yard 25 Linen Sheeting LINEN SHEETING Full bleached. 90 Inches wide, soft finish. $1.25 value, at. yard 85 A FULL LINE OF W. L. DOUGLAS SHOES, in Russia Calf. Patent, end Vlcl Kid In the newest lasts at 83.50 T 85.00 A NEW LINE OF JOHN B STETSON HATS in Uie newest shapes, up-to-date. ELASTIC SEAM DRAWERS, all sizes. Well made, us good an article as you can buy. Spe cial at 45 NAINSOOK SHIRTS AND KNEE DRAWERS, good qual ity, worth 7ac per garment: spe cial the suit 81.00 SUMMIT SHIRTS, soft collars. In plain or fancy; the prices range from 81.50 TO 85.00 MEN'S BLACK, TAN OR GREY SOX, siik embroidered; special per pair 12 1-2 THE "GRIFFON BRAND" MEN'S GOLF SHIRTS In light or figured, rank as the best made In workmanship and ma terial, ranging in price from.. 81.25 to 82.50 There Is Only One "Bromo Quinine 99 Thai is L&x&tive Bromo Quinine USED THE WORLD OVER TO CURS A COLO III OXE DAY. Always remember the fu'l name. Look lor this signature on every bcx. 25c SEE OUR WINDOW WITH ITS SPLENDID SHOWING OF THIS SPRING'S CREATIONS. There will be a special meetjng of the board of directors of the board of trade this afternoon at 4:30 o'clock to act on a number of matters. One will be to arrange for the annual meeting of the board and another will be to receive the reports of the committee appointed to revise the by-laws of the organization. Still another' matter that will be discussed will be a resolution that will be presented asking the board to endorse the request of a group of gentlemen who are petitioning the sec retary of the interior for permission to construct a scenic railroad seventeen miles long, along the rim and down through a tunnel into the Grand Can yon of the Colorado. This is a timely place to mention also the recent acquisitions to the dis play of the board in the way of 1908 ' products. One that ls quite Interesting is the number of specimens of wool clipped from the sheep of J. C. Muders- bach, a rancher on rural free delivery route No. 3, west of 'Phoenix. The sheep industry is a comparatively new one in this valley as an all the year round proposition, though it has been famous for years as a winter feeding' and shearing point. Quite a number of , farmers however are- devoting their at tention to sheep as a farm animal rather than a range animal and with great success, mutton being an object as much as wool, or more so. Mr. Mudersbach has the Shropshire breed and the samples of wool brought to the board certainly look good to the lay men whether they would to a wool ex pert or not. The wool Is long and soft and of fine texture and the fleeces run from eight to nine pounds in weight. Two nice samples of asparagus were brought to the board, one by Hall Brothers and one by Frank Alkire. Both are large and succulent and dem onstrate the wonderful growth of that plant here. The. secretary ls engaged in ascertaining what th? acreage of this crop Is in the valley as near as possible and thus far he has been, able to list in the larger beds, a total of about seven acres. Another exhibit is for the chicken fanciers. It is an egg brought In by I D. C. Warren the Black Minorca spe cialist. It measures eight inches around its greatest circumstance and six and three quarters inches the other way. The only way in which the un usually large eggs laid by the hens of this valley can be accounted for, is the stimulus of notable example the hens receive by close contact with the ostrich which is almost as. common here as the barnyard fowls. THE HOFFMAN CIGAR 8TAND, E. J. DOYLE, PROP. CIGARS, TOBACCO ANO SMOKERS' ARTICLES. Corner Broaaway A. Cantor. COFFEE Good is so good and poor is so poor; have Schilling's Best tomor row. Your crorer returns your money if you doo'l like it; w pay bitn Own Your Home I have plans for several low-priced i houses which I will build on eusy pay- I ments. These houses are arranged to suit this climate. Houses contracted ( for now can be built for 20 per cent less than 6 months later. Let me plan your house and you will j be pleased. i Archie G. Bell BUILDER. Dorris House, opposite Court House Phone Black 39S. SINCE BREAD IS THE STAFF OP UfE It behooves every family to use the best flour. We recommend Perfect or Daisy Flour They are the reliable brands, the results of many years of careful experience. FOR SALE BY ALL GROCERS Manufactured by VALLEY FLOUR MILLS. Phoenix, Arizona. PROSPECTORS FARMERS MINERS Get the best staple groceries at the lowest prices. We have a large and well assorted stock of groceries that's why our store ls so busy all tha time. Tha finast TEAS and COF FEES. Buy Griebel'a Groceries, ' PRANK GRIEBEL'S 211-220 W. Washington St. Phone 411. ! Firtt, "Cactus Candy's but a fad, And wondered if 'twere good or bad. ' But Cactua Candy's come to stay. 1 Donofrio sells it every day. AND Moore & McLellan Undertakers and Embalmers. Lady Assistant. 19 West Adams SceeL Telephone Mala 122. STAR RUBY f'or Are the two best brands sold in the valley. Can be purchased on the South Side of BIRCHETT BROS., T. J. PARRY, GOODWIN BROS, and A. A. CELAYA,Tempe or any store in Mesa. : Everybody wants to read it, "SPIR ' ITUALISM EXPOSED." a book pub lished by W. F. Petty. Ptlce 60c. Ad dress ?ew Publishing Co., Phoenix, Arizona. I II 'l U fllf MOTORCYCLES. B1CCLES rf WS J i5& Tires, Sundries and Repairing. f VtAVl WV A feiy rebuilt Bicycle bargains. 'NjAll lfQj""-. ARIZONA MOTOR CO., V3 !fyv3?iTrtr 81 South First Avenue. '&W-Phone Red 537. I & DESIGNS, jm f Hamilton bros. VrYAijMac46na'd JP 8 PIANO TUNERS 8 MESA. ARIZ, REDEWILL MUSIC CO. m I HI Im 13 r w I e mm mm THE ONLY ADVERTISED INDEPENDENT LUMBER YARD IN ARIZONA. If you are not In sympatny with Trusts, Pools, Combines and Re bates to preferred customers, give us a part of your trade. OUR POLICY A SQUARE DEAL Our prices are right all the time. We carry the largest stock, the best assortment and a better quality of lumber for the money than any other yard in Phoenix, Car lots to all railroad points. Buckeye Lumber Co., 5-Points MONT ANDERSON, Prop. Phone Black 401. JUST RECEIVED A Car of Bain Heavy Wagons Also a car of DEAL SPRING WAGONS AND BUGGIES. A new bale of Navajo Blankets which we are selling cheap. Trunks. Suit Cases, everything In leather. A full stock of hand made harness. Codings Vehicle and Harness Co. East Adams St. next door to Adams HoteL