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THE AJRIZONA EEPUBIIGAN EIGHTEENTH TEAK. 1 a PAOES PHQENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 1G 1908 IS PAGES VOL. XVIII. NO 363 -hh-h-w n m m t him i m m hjWh i.mniimiiu k-h-h-m-h- The Republican's Eighteenth Birthday Anniversary K-fr-H-H-H-HW 1,1 H-tfrM-H-r-H-fr'H IIII1H I -M-H-W-W-H-ir I U H H 1! I H-K--M-4-M"M-W MHIHtHlHIUllIIH i4Wf:iit 1 It 1 I It H St 1 1 H- Fittingly Celebrated by Formally Opening Its New Home to the Public and Bidding a Welcome to All. Synopsis of the Life Story of Arizona's Greatest Newspaper De scription of the New Double Decked Duplex Perfecting Press and the Largest Battery of Linotypes in the Territory How the ' Newspaper Is Made Biographical Sketches of Those Who Make It office were made to order at the Ryder Mills, under direction of "Billy" Suth erland and are one of the features that will attract the attention of vlsl-' tors on entering. They are of "burnt" wood; that is the ornamentation Is pri marily" seared into the grain bv fire and later varnished, while the counter tops are of polished hard wood. The varnishing was done by F. J. Taylor, a skilled artist. The Republican is pleas ed with the workmanship of all, and ventures the assertion that none of the artisans are asbmaed of their performances. THE INSIDE OF IT. The main entrance to the building Is on Adams street, by ascending" a short flight of stairs to the second floor, which leads tha visitor into an apartment 4Sx32. This is sub- Tho star of The Republican is in Its fisoendaney and shining with an ever increasing brilliance, yet in the widen ing firmament of Arizona's expanding prosperity the zenith seems as far re moved as ever. To say that this of ficial housewarming on the entering of The Republican's new home is the pnmdest day in the history of this newspaper, is but comparing present achievements with a somewhat event ful past. It is no boasting of a finish ed work, nor admission of a career ful filled. It is confidently expected that as the veil of the future shall be lifted, other mile posts will be passed and many of them, on which may be Mazed with the keen edge of satisfac tion, those emblems that mark the trail of The Republican's road to suc For the present fleeting hour it ,s j divided by the fixtures of the business sufficient to say that there is general "mc the departments being on rejoicing from the managing editor to the '" sld;L The general en- the carri.-r kid,." that this newspaper ' sembI.e Iwks ?'er' like a ankin is snugly ensconced in its own home. 1 or other large counting room Eighteen rear, from the cradle to the i Fac,n the front window nearest the ro-.ftive! Eighteen years of diplomat- j cornor is the prive offlCe ,f ic negotiation with landlords, some- ip un.-M manager. The remain times arrogant and dignified, some- d"r '?e T f thf TJ" times kind and indulgent, but always. ! ll the various desks of the landlords. Eighteen years of ubt ; ca.h.er. circulation department ad v,..,ther to make this temporary im- ! vising department etc.. with the provement or that, whether to Sllff,r ! necessary wickets and counters. Tho ,. . ,.. , ,0, ; opposite side of the room for the pres- the shngs and arrows of outrageous ' ' .... .. ,.v, . ,. ,. ,, em. is utilized as a reception room with inconvenience, or fly into other rented i , . r , ... , , quarters and into the face of evils we ! conveniences for Patrons It will later knew not of. Now all is changed. It ' be occupied in part by the papers As is with somewhat pardonable pride ! Prs PeJ and such .other that the biggost and best newspaper in j fac.iit.es as may be found to be e Arizona, though not the oldest. nret mured when a natura adjustrnent fol- . i lows temporary settling down. ...A. or ail IT.e nKpers in i:ot'iii-v ni'nrn lows temporary settling stairway also leads from the northeast j corner of this large room to the base I ment floor. ' From the rear of this room a hall of proper width and 14 feet long leads I to the large room in the rear of the ! second floor, which is devoted to the I purposes of the job department. It Is . i- . v. . i . . .i'i7..i" t'i . lit" nutting ma il one M11" J " i "v. " cuinery aim tu wic j ...... are installed or being installed. Here also is the job composing room, stock room for napcr and all materials uti- i lized in job rrinting. all together In into its own home, fashioned to its own liking, suited to its necessities. The Republican building is not the largest structure in the world, but were it so it could not better serve the paper's present wants. It is situated on the northeast corner of Second and Adams streets, is 50 x log feet in size. and practically two stories hi being a sub-story or haif basement, better suited for the heavier machinery than any other. The walls are thick and strong, adapted for the adding of oTjier stories wnen ine smhii je- . , ,ia ...... one coinnact department. Irom this "Hired. 1 lie Dunciins is oi utick wiiii . - . matthoid roof, perfectly vcnlilated. with high ceilings, ornamental steel. The floor of the basement is mainly of cement, at least that portion of it devoted to storage purposes. The building is surrounded uith a cement siiewalk and at its rear i.s an elevator for the lowering , of machinery and roll paper into the l-asement. The windows are numer ous on b':th floors, modestK- ornament al and an attractive gilt sign apprises the passer by that he is in the shadow f the happiest and most hopeful newspaper in the great southwest. THE BUILDERS. Such is the outward appearance, of :he structure, due to the architectural talents of the well known firm of Frost and Trost and Creighton, of EI Paso and Phoenix. The contractor under whose supervision the house was built, is Clinton Campbell, a well known maker of fine houses in these parts. The brick work was done by Harney Kerstin. who has made the spreading of mortar a fine art. The lenient foundation and storage floor were laid br Dawson and Scott. The sidewalks were the work of M. L. Yieux, known to fame as "Krenchy." Tiie elevator was constructed by Ivjnz Hros. & Messenger, the machin- ( i ts. The furnishings of the business j room also a side entrance opens from i...- ,.r ! Second street, the latter of ., , ,,,. tween the business office and job de partment, are the editorial offices. The room on the east side of the hall Is 14x15, and is occupied by the man aging editor and editor and their of fice paraphernalia. This is the nerve center of the institution, the place des cribed in every newspaper write-up ever given to the public down to this twentieth century, whether a metro politan daily or a cross roads weekly, as the "sanctum sanctorum." Its big window opens to the east, not as many might suppose, to greet the rising sun as it sheds Its effulgence over a dark ened world, symbolical of the all-pervading light that emanates from the editorial cerebrum, but to escape the parboiling salutations of that self same sun. The editor works at night and when he goes on shift he wants to know that the sun has passed the meridian and "ducked" for "our insular possessions." Across the hall, facing Second street, is the city news or reportorial depart ment, where the raw material from which editors are sometimes made is hammered into shape. This room is 14x"5 in size and is convrn,.;.. fitted up with desks, chairs, typewrit- asp--"?, rf;r ttz fSHi. ii ers, bookcases, telephones, filing cases, morgue, etc., etc. It is the workshop into which drifts the flotsam and jet sam of local happenings, street rumors and verified reports. To this depart ment comes the tangled threads of human incident, tho pathetic and the hurflorous, the sad and the joyful, the regrettable and the jubilant, affairs of public and private dishonor as well i ' Of municipal pride and civic glory. And responsive to the reverberant de mands from the copy eaters below, from here emerge those effusions that the following morning brings the ver dict of the people on the greatques tion, "la there anything In the paper?" J THE LOWER FLOOR. PKclnr tn tht- lower floor the visitor finds himself In the workshop proper. I the mechanical department. Here there Is much to interest and a part of It will be spoken of later, but the chief attraction at this time, the big elephant of the show, is the new print ing press. It is a duplex perfecting press equipped to print any number of pages .up to twelve, direct from the type, bound together, and with color attachment, any eight page section of which can be printed in two colors of Ink, and as many additional pages as are required by adding other sections, and Is manufactured by the Duplex Printing Press Company of Battle Creek, Mich., which company ranks among the foremost makers of print ing machinery. As mentioned in greater detail In Tho Republican's "story." later on in this write-up, this press is only a later model of the one the paper hs bad for 10 years and has found too satisfactory a machine to discard, for something with a less notable retord. The old press is now apparently as good as ever but there have been improve ments that are now desirable and the new one Is also larger, prints more pages and is better equipped for pres ent day needs. But it supplants a machine of historic record for it was the first but' one on the Pacific coast. NO STEREOTYPING. The Duplex is the only perfecting pres which does not require a stere otyping plant and this fact also will be a great saving In time. The term "web perfecting," as applied to the press, means that the paper used is a continuous web of paper, fed from a huge roll, five miles in length. A per fect paper is made In a single opera tion, thus the term "perfecting." The press is a solid, substantial machine weighing 40,000 pounds, and rests upon a concrete foundation to avoid vibra tion, with a pit under it deep enough to enable the pressman to obtain ac cess to all. parts for cleaning, oiling and attendance. The Duplex Is a marvel of mechan ical Ingeunity, and has been admired by hundreds who called at The Re publican office to see the first 12-page printing press ever installed in an or fice In Arizona- It can print a 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12-page paper, according as requirements demand, and has a capa city of about 7,200 copies an hour. It Is essentially a twentieth century press, and has all modern improve ments that have been made in recent years. Installed in the ground floor of The Republican plant, the huge ma chine embodies all the very latest Ideas, and is the finest type of ma chine ever made by the Duplex com pany. It stands seven and a half feet above the foundation, and is nearly as wide as it is high. VARIETY OF WORK. The variety of the finished worK which this machine can turn out is almost infinite, and the capacity, as said before, is 7,200 copies an hour the maximum speed being possible when eight pages are printed, but with all three decks working on a 12-page paper, the hourly production is a little less than with only eight forms on the press. It can print a poster 17-22 in ches tn size, with reading matter on one or both sides, or it will print a 12 page metropolitan newspaper. Every thing in between can be printed as a matter of course. It will print from a roll of 1214 inches wide or 70 inches In width. Two pages or ten, it is all the same to this nearly human creature, only that up to eight pages the mon ster will print 600 more copies any hour than it will if the paper has more pages. The double color may not be con stantly used as 'it Involves extra work where more than eight pages are printed, but It Is available when de sired and In large papers and special Issues It will be employed as a special feature of attraction. FIFTEEN HORSE POWER. The power of fifteen horses is trans mitted to the driving pulleys by leather belting, and as the power is applied from a ' brand new General Electric Alternating current motor, al! of the thousands of separate parts respond in perfect harmony to the revolutions of the master wheels. To print a 10 or 12-page paper two separate rolls anj required, each unwinding at dif ferent ends of ihe prcbs. At ono end U Use pre8S tie bis roll weighs frm - 7 " r - 1 ! l Ml !? " i 1 . , 1 v - 3.. j T , jpTTr--. 1 -1-, - . 9 r .. r - tfs-. r- 1,100 to 1.500 pounds, and at the other end the "baby" weighing only a little matter of 6'tO pounds. Paper from the "baby" roll runs directly from the floor to the top steel roller of the press, nearly eight feet from the floor. From there it (traverses the longest unsup ported stretch in its entire travels, entering between two steel bars, and running down into the heart of the machine. Back and forth traverse the wide ribbons, over rollers and under bars, until finally they pause for the fraction of a second as the impression of the type is stamped upon the paper. After passing over the feed rollers near the center of "the press the web goes over a looping roller operated by equalizer cams and levers; thence it is guided by rolls suitably placed in the printing cylinders which print one side of the paper; thwnce to and under another loojUng roller, operated by the same mechanism. THE LOOPING ROLLERS. These looping rollers perform a very important function mat or re ceiving the constantly incoming pa per, and at the same time delivering the constantly outgoing web, while the paper between these two looping rolls remains stationary in its path of trav el during the time it Is being printed upon by two Impression cylinders and immediately after the Impressions are taken, and the printing is done by the j cylinders in their travel In either di rection, that portion of the web which j has been stopped is moving forward the proper distance to bring sufficient blank paper for the next impression or the printing of the next paper. Once the Impression is struck, the ribbon moves along for just the width which is already printed, again the pause once more, the impression again, the move, and so on until the paper on Its return trip runs over THE FOLDING APRON, high at the further end of the press and is given its first fold. This fold Is in the nature of a crease down the center, and as the paper moves along It passes over parallel rollers below the suspended knife. Quick as a flash descends the wedge-shaped steel, for K t-.'iTfc THE NEW REPUBLICAN BUILDING. a brief second the passing paper is . about printing presses it is hardly nec pressed between the rollers and anoth- essary to know in this day and age. er fold is m:'rt And so It goes ot ' fold ait r fold until the completed pro ! ekiotion drops into the delivery boxes. The forms, 12 in number, are placed jprn three stationary slides or decks and over these decks pass the impres sion and ink rollers. If fewer than ten pages are printed, one of the decks may be cut out, leaving but two sets of Toilers to pass to and fro. These forms are slid in upon their sides and tlwn locked in place by key and quoin, giving the bottom of the type and cuts a firm base upon which to rest and at the same time keeping them from sl'.ifting in any direction. THE LABOR OF A LIFE. The Republican's splendid Duplex press is not the work of a month or a year, but the labor of a life. In 1S9 the Duplex Printing Press Com pany, was first organized at Battle Creek, 5rch. All was not to be smooth sailing for the new concern. For ten long years the company was in constant litigation over the funda mental patents, but In the end the plucky inventors proved their title to the ideas they had originated, and from that time the history of the con cern has been one constant succession of Improvements and advancements until, as a climax of the Twentieth Century Model of the Duplex press the one Installed by the Republican has been produced. Not every man can set up such a machine as the Twentieth Century Duplex, even though he be a fine mechanic. MR. BATES' WORK. The new press was put together by . Mr. Y S. Bates of Branford, Ontario, a representative of the manufacturing company whose exclusive work Is the performing of such missions as that for which he was sent here by the company. Mr. and Mrs. Bates arrived here two or three weeks ago and are greatly pleased with what they have seen of Arizona in contrast with their home in the north land. Mr. Bates is a most agreeable and companionable gentleman and w hat he does not know He required but a few days in which to put this huge machine together, fit ting each of the some 15000 separate parts into its proper place, parts that seemed when strewn about the base ment floor, to be too numerous to ever get together in one compact and well organized machine. As soon as Mr. Bates is satisfied that there is nothing more to explain about the complicated press, and that all danger of defect is passed, he will go elsewhere and leave the Duplex In the competent hands of Daniel Huntington, foremair of the press department. , The press runs so easily and quick ly that the observer can not realize its speed unless he approaches the delivery box and sees with what swift ness the papers are delivered, a. de tailed and comprehensive description of such a press as the Duplex is scarcely possible. Of intricate appear ance yet it Is extremely simple in operation. Every part of the press acts in unison and no mistakes can occur except through the carelessness of the operator. MERGENTHALER LINOTYPES The Most Wonderful Invention Em ployed by the Craft. The next Important feature of the mechanical department is that of the Mergenthaler linotypes or type setting machines, which are under the person al direction of J. A. Ball an experi enced machinist operator. This won derful invention has revolutionized the printing business in the last few years and The Republican claims some credit as a pioneer in the work. In 1895 the first linotype was brought to Phoenix and is still in use on this paper form ing one of the battery of three In con stant commission. "No 1," as the ma- ehlnA a f ftwt lonn tol v in tho office, was one of the early machines'! bearing the factory number 2478. all linotypes being made by ono concern and that having proved the most per fect of all type setting machines. Many improvements have .been made on this marvelous device in recent years 30 that by quick changes a great variety of type matrices may be used and almost any kind of commerical composition turned out. When the Xo. 1 machine was In stalled in The Republican office three Were none in use west of the Rocky Mountains, except in- San Francisco where some of the larger papers had installed a few for a certain class of composition, and in Los Angeles where the Times was then experimenting in their use. The Republican i there fore one 'of the early papers in the west to recognize the opening of tha era of machine, composition and it was one of the facilities that first gave it a lead over its competitors. Three or four years later the business of the office had increased so rapidly another machine was found necessary and was added. About the same time a lino type was installed in the office of the Phoenix Daily Herald, which property was acquired by The Republican in 1899 and the linotype added, making a battery of three machines. That par ticular machine however, has grown old with hard work and hard usage, has been returned to the factory, and a new one has now been ' installed in its place. The other two machines have been repaired and placed In good order, new magazines or fonts of type matrices have been secured and The Republican's equipment has thus been greatly perfected, and equal to any emergency occasion that can be now foreseen, though with the' increased prosperity anticipated, it is believed the time will not be long when still another- maehin must -be added. Xo effort will be made to describe be in tricate workings of the linotype. It must be seen to be appreciated, more than that it must be studied, but many are already familiar with them and those who are not are invited to come and see them. THE MAKE UP. Tlfe make-up department is also on this floor as well as the "ad alley," By the make-up is meant the huge stone tables on which the type Is laid 1 7'f! - K'l'r ri f7v:. 9 W ; f,. r'.. ;- "'S t t-; "V-. ' ?i is.'..-.- -.- - - V'- " " ' " ' ate atfWti t .... - . .-rjT- f " ; - -t.' COX DUPLEX PERFECTING PRESS. THE LATEST LINOTYPE.