Newspaper Page Text
THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 17, 1908.
-4 IB - i composing the forms that are locked in chases and then transferred to the press. Doth the news matter and the advertisements are deposited here for the make-up man who places each where it ought to go. generally. Some times he makes a ' bull" of things and gets a funeral headline over a wedding story. But people are forgiving ,and lots of them know how newspapers are made and know that any one of five hundred things might happen at any time to interfere with a well laid plan. The wonder is that there are not more ludicrous mistakes. The ad alleys are the rows of old fashioned casts such as are found In every printing office, the one sacred fundamental of a print shop that has not been materially changed from the beginning of the craft in modern times. At a case like these every printer first learned to "stick type." When ma chine composition arrived the setting of the "body type" of the paper from the cases was a thing of the past, but the display advertisements which con tain all sizes and styles of type, to Kether with rules, leads, etc.. still have to be set from ths case where the printer selects such material as his artistic sense suggests. The cases in a similar way are an important basic feature of a Job printing establish ment. THE MAILING ROOM. In the southeast coiner of the build ing is the mailing department where the papers are wrapped, addressed and sent by the sackful to the postoffice. and where also the papers are counted out to the carriers on the several city routes and sold to the newsboys. The remainder of the lower floor is given over to lookers for the safe guarding of the mure delicate machin ery, the accomodation of machinist's tools and supplies, a big furnace uti lized in the casting of cuts for cartoons XI?' F. W. Grlffen. and advertisements, the sink for the washing of the forms and numerous other details, to say nothing of ample room for the storage of a couple of carloads of roll printing paper to sup ply the voracious appetite of the big press. THE REPUBLICAN'S STORY. A Short Sketch of Its Eighteen Years Of Usefulness. Eighteen years ago on the 19th of this month The Arizona Republican was given life and being by the initia tie of some of the leading men of the territory and the sanction of the terri torial statutes. During its eighteen youthful years its record of usefulness warrants the management in devoting some space to historical reflection. Moreover, the occasion of moving Into its own building, newly constructed, the first real home it ever owned, as perfectly equipped as'it can be for present needs, justifies some exultation in celebration -of this particular anni versary of its natal day. Its early years are recalled with something of pride for it was a great paper, even at the beginning, too great to be long maintained on such a scale. It proved to be a ca.-e of "everything going out and nothing coming in." The service given was too great for any Income possible from the then population, and as soon as the promoters had expended all the money they felt that they could afford on a bluff game, the paper be came more modest in its pretensions, and passed into the hands of other men during whose ownership its wan ing prosperity verged on pjtiful pover ty. This was succeeded by another owner who established a new order of things, brought order out of chaos and inaugurated an Independent business policy. Eventually the present man agement acquired the property and perpetuated and improved those bus iness policies that had begun to dem onstrate success. The well founded faith of the management now is that with the cooperation of an appreciative constituency, under the new condi tions in this valley which The Repub lican has f'riven so earnestly to bring about the newspaper like every legiti mate and well organized business un dertaking in the city, is assured of a permanent an l a growing prosperity. THE FOUNDERS. The original owners of the paper were Lewis Wolfiey. then governor of the territory; Clark Churchill attorney peneral; John A. DUuk, commissioner of immigration: Robert Paul, United States marshal, Royal A. Johnson, ''r- -" -,. !:- James A. Ball. -. ' v- .... ' i. - ; . : - - v V.; : ' --' . - - , . v,. Harvey J. Lee. surveyor general; Dr. L. C. Toney, su perintendent of the territorial asylum for the insane, and a number of others at the time closely affiliated with the administration. It was a brave and heroic effort on the part of the lead ing republicans of the territory, to ac complish what they should have fore seen as an impossibility. The territory was overwhelmingly democratic, Its population being almost entirely from old democratic states, except for those gentlemen who held office bji virtue of republican influence in the east, and the few others who were induced by thc-ir influence to settle in Arizona in those early days. Whatever the power of the press it could not materially change the political faith of the major part of the population in a twinkling, and still less was the influence of the pp. per in that direction when it was known of all men that its promoters were of the office holding class, al ways somewhat jealously regarded by those of the rank and file and those of opposing political faith. The first editor of the paper was C. . Zjt gen fuss, the first business jnanager was Ivl. S. Gill, and the first news editor was Jim .Me 'lintoek, now Colonel J. II. MoClint.ick. postmaster of Phoenix, commander of the National Guard of their connection and were succeeded by V. I.. Vail of Pasadena, who be came editor and manager, introduced non-union labor, decreased telegraph exponst s and in other ways sought the lines of economy. His management for the ensuing months did not intro duce an era of prosperity and like his predecessor, he moved on to a new sphere of activitv. WOLFLEY MANAGEMENT. Vail was succeeded by T. J. Wolfley, a relative of Gocrnor Wolfley, who at that time was one of the large stockholders. T. J. Wolfley had pre viously managed successfully the St. Joseph Gazette and under bis man agement prosperity was expected. Hut w hatever his talent in the business of fice he failed to meet the requirements I a.- ruu'Ti. iii'pic limn teri uiieuiillt; j policies in the narrow groove of man I agerial interest, until there arose di ; vision even in his own political party, leiving him but a small measure of support. Repeated efforts were made I for reorganization and a restoration of George W. Brown. the confidence of the people but to no purpose and in October 1S9G the paper passed into other hands. Two Incidents of the Wolfley management will be perpetuated with pride by The Re publican. One was the securing of the exclusive merning franchise of the Associated Press. The other was the in: tallation of the MeTgenthalc r lino type machine in 1 Sft.".. The Republican be ing among the early papers on the coast to ailopt machine typesetting as an imjirovomi nt ovrr the old hand sot type. In fae-t the-re were no MeTgen thaler's in use on the cejast, except in Los Angeles and San Franeasco and but few of them there. In Los Ange; les at hast the few machines in use we re looked upon chiefly as an experi ment, i ON THE UP GRADE. AVhat might be calle d the modern history of The Republican, began in October 189fi, when the property was purchased by Charles C. Raneledph, an experienced newspaper man of Wash ington, D. C. Mr. Randolph had a w ide acquaintance in the east that was helpful to him in bringing attention to his new investment in the west. He ende-avored also to so conduct the pap er that its Influe-nce would be fe lt even be vonel territorial lines as represen tative of the coming greatness of the state to be. Mr. Ramlolph found the property but poorly equipped and preceeded to re habilitate the plant as well as to re organize the business methods of jthe pape.r. He did more than that for he taught the people of Phoenix what a newspaper was and what Its mission should be-. Instead of being maintain ed by charity as an enterprise of town pride he insisted that Its space was valuable to its owner, or soon would be if the paper really had a mission In.the woriel. Hut to become valuable either to the owner or the public it must be made a newspaper In fact as I well as in name. Arizona, and previously captain, bre- ;.. '- . r , -jLj A.jT; ' ''J'--. vetted major, of Roosevelt's Rough V '.. '-j J- '. ' "' Riders. 'ttUjf''. J'f:,'-' .'" For reasons above referred to the ,jf ' 'J '.' ' ''' paper entered upon H noticeable ie- ' vi L r'Xv. 'Jr -i "'i ' eline, that necessitated retrenchment, j "?f' f'.'i 4- '-'sj..' ' Messrs. Ziegenfuss and Gill severed -lit- ''X ''' ' i I ' ; V A-. -,. " ,!:rr:i r?J. , r :' - t -jju.if- Jri ,s . ..'. ( Ki jfVtU '-. ' t:.;: l-;l0 - ?:!-.-.'..'-..,.:-...-'....-' u, c- i -. --- -fi.-.. : '' -t . -I -r-'la ' , ' ; hJ... -i'iVm I FIRST BIG PRESS. Tho old Cottrell cylinder press, a good machine in its place, but of lim ited capacity gave way in 1S9S to a Duplex perfecting press, manufactured in Battle Creek, Mich., and which has ! nv been displaced by a new and larger press made by the same con cern. This was also a great achleve- ment In its day for at that time there I was but one press of this manufacture on the coast and those papers not still lumbering along with the old fashioned machines previously in use in Phoenix, were tjie few larger metropolitan pa pers In the-coast cities which were ex perimenting with the smaller of the large type of rotary perfecting presses now in use. The Republican's press attracted a great deal of attention even among newspaper men who have since equipped their offices with them, j This however did not occur until the second Merge-nthaler linotype had been installed. WithOhe advent of the new press the paper was able to enlarge to seven columns and print a great deal more matter. In the meantime the people of the valley were beginning to appreciate that The Republican was to become a real newspaper. Its ad vantages over Its competitors were al ready apparent and the patronage of the public began to swell rapidly. Not only was the subscription list length ened daily but large display advertise ments began to make their appearance, crowding out the miscellaneous matter previously printed merely to "fill space" with something readable, that there was no business demand for. From that time forward the story has been one of constant expansion. Space was soon at a premium at going rates and in order to keep things in propor- tion and expenses within the income advertising rates were raised. That meant for a time, smaller space for T .t- ..... . ... C. S. Scott each advertiser, but preipeirtionately an equally large showing and in due rea son the; management be-gan to find the balances on the right side of the led ger. SEVEN DAYS A WEEK. When the second lineitype was added to the office equipment the paper also be gan the issuance ef a Monday morn ing eelition making It then a real daily, or seven-days-a-week paper, resuming the custeim which had been started by the initial management but which suc cumbed sheirtly aftpr with the subse quent stringency. The new press be side answering all tht needs of a growing circulation enabled the paper to issue additional pages when special occasions demanded them, without em barrassing hindrances. This feature has grown with every other feature of The Republican's business until the larger papers are looked for on Sunday mornings and many othe-r times during the busy se ason. Though originally an eight page paper during the last year it has most of the time carried from ten to, fourteen pages. COMPETITOR ABSORBED. The only recognized competitor of The Republican in those earlier days was the Phoenix Herald an afternoon six-day paper of republican faith. In 1S99 this newspaper was absorbed by The Republican together with its en tire equipment. Job office, etc. The chief mechanical advantage of this move was the acquirement of the Herald Mergenthaler linotype, which then gave The Republican an equip ment of three machines which have been in constant use to the present time. One of these old machines has now been supplanted by the latest model linotypes which gives The Re publican a larger typesetting capacity than any other plant In the territory. THE NEXT CHANGE. In November 1900, The Arizona Pub lishing company was Incorporated by It. Ge-orge W. Vickers and Col. S. M. McCowan, each owning one half in terest, for the purchase of The Re publican of Charle'S C. Randolph, the latter re turning to his former home in Washington D. C, Well satisfied with the success he had made in the re building of the newspaper. Harvey J. Lee, who had been conne-cted with the iapT sinco fVbnuiry 1S94, and who was made business manager on its ac quirement Ity Mr. Raneleilph, was re tained in the same capacity by the new owners and is still serving in that office. Col. McCowan, then superin tendent of the Phoenix Indian school, assumed editorial management, but in a short time he vas transferred to a W. 8. Bate. 7 -. ' v. . ' ' : 1 ' jr , , . ... r v. j . . . . : v';' J r - - fm'B I ... ii . ; 1.1,1 il. "Ui, ;rt j-"."'" ""r" George W. Vickers. responsible position in the Indian ser vice in Indian territory. THE PRESENT MANAGEMENT. Col. McCowan sold his stock to Dr. Vickers who has since conducted the paper as managing editor. Sims Ely sheirtly took up the pen as chief edi torial writer which position he re tained until he resigned to devote his attention exclusively to the service of Governor Kibbey as private secretary. Mr. Ely was succeeded in an editorial capacity by J. W. Spear, the present incumbent, who has been connected with the paper continuously since 1896. Under the management of Dr. Vic kers and his associates above referred te, the prosperity of the paper has been more marked than ever and Its expansion is a source of gratification net only to the owners but to the cit izens of Pheenix who. The Republican Is proud to say, have been most gen erous in their commendation. The busine ss of printing the news and giv ing publicity to the activities of local aelveitiser. has developed to such an extent that the paper le:ng ago out grew its business facilities. For two er three years past it has been a con victiem of the management that new and better quarters must soon be ob tained. Various effeirts to secure suit able leecatiem were fruitless and it was finally determined that the be-tter plan would be to purchase a desirable site and erect a benu fide "home" for the paper, providing all the facilities of an up-to-date plant and with sufficient opportunity for any necessary future expansion. Having labored in season and out for the up-building of this valley, and peissessing the confidence in its fu ture that it has endeavored to Impress upon others, and so successfully, it was conceived that no risk could be run in such an investment and at the same time the foundation would be laid for a future that is pregnant with promise. The site was secured where on has been erected and but lately finished, the handsome new structure known as The Republican building, a picture of which arpears in this issue and which Is fully described elsewhere. The pay roll of the paper amounts to over J30.000 per year and Is met promptly with cash. The mechanical force is paid every Monday, and the iditeerial and business office forces re ceive payment the first of every njemth. There is also a general expense account that will average about $1,000 a month and which is all spent In Phoenix. The Republican therefore Chas. A. Stauffer. may well be considered as one of the "pay roll" Institutions of the city, the contemplation of which brings solace i to the general merchant and business man, for it is almost axiomatic that the money paid into a good newspaper is again paid back to the commanlty where It Is published," except that part eif It that goes for material and paper. In the course of its career in Phoenix i The Republican has liberated into the channels of lecal circulation, a good many hundreds' of thousands of dol j lars. The men employed not only re ceive their money promptly, but the I wages paid are good and there are ; meire employes receiving over $100 i monthly than there are working for 1 lesser remuneration, most of it to be turned back into the channels of trade. Next to the pay roll the next heaviest expense of the newspaper is for roll print paper which costs an enormous sum in a year, as the tonnage for a newspaper of this size is almost un believable and the price of paper as most people know, is soaring these days. STAFF ORGANIZATION. Little Sketches of the Workers Who Turn Out the Daily Issue. It may be of interest to readers to know something of the personnel of the toilers by day and by night, upon whose energy and cooperation de pends the appearance of the morning news-paper with certainty and regularity. It is not in tended to weary the readers with long biographies, nor would that be possible in describing so large a working force. The scale of activities in twentieth century methods, in re spect of newspapers as well as other things, has grown so large that per sonal identity has become a lesser factor in all larger enterprises, so far as the public is concerned. Each wheel in the engine of progress must I 'J . . e e ii i i i . . - ,. :' - ' ! -': v ; ' ! """N V., norform it. function nrouerlv and to the engineer the measure of its merit Is known but the world at large views only the operation of the perfected machine. Nevertheless there is indi viduality in newspaper making as in nthur thitiiTM nr should be. and per sonality is not entirely lost, however impersonal the product as a wnoie mnv he. For the satisfaction of the curious, therefore, the following sketches are presented and The Ke- publlcan feels that each in his re spective sphere is worthy the trust reposed in him. THE EDITOR. Hiding behind the plural pronoun "we" in every newspaper office, there is a singular and somewhat mysterious person to whom is attributed more than ordinary Intelligence, some in tuitive foresight and a rather pro nounced measure of conservative Judgment. He is known as "The Edit or" and his mission Is to do a lot of thinking and then "write things right out of his head." He is provided with a pair of shears also but is expected to use them with extreme carefulness and then rarely, except to expose the shortcomings of others by the "deadly parallel" or to recall some pertinent incident of anether time and place. In the case of The Arizona Republican this intellectual nerve center in J. W. Spear, familiarly known to his friends as "Billy" and more widely though Im persemally known from coast to coast as "Little James." This nom de plume was adepted some years ago as the signature to a humorous and sat irical letter in childish dialect, design ed to point a moral in the exigency of a local crisis of community Interest. The incident gained such public recog nition the letters were continued and Roscoe M. Dawson. since then Little Jam-" has been a regular weekly contributor to The Re-publican. All this took place while Mr. Spear's chief duty was to super vise the handling of the local and tele graphic news columns of the paper, for he has been connected with It in that capacity since June, 1892, except during a short residence in Tucson. He came here frem Pueblo, where he was employed as city editor for a time on one of the dailies, after leaving St. Jose-ph. Mo., in which city he had his first newspaper experience. He began his reporteirial career on the St. Joseph News, and at the local and telegraph desks of that and other St. Joseph"pa- i pers, he gained a great deal of ex perience and burned much midnight oil. 1 A native of Ohio some 49 years ago he began to attract attention in a rural peighborhood, finished the district school in due season and added to it a classical course that fitted htm for the honorable office of school teacher. This was alte-rnated with merchandis ing and like pursuits until his face was turned to the west. Capable of the most seriems cogitation and quiet in his personal manner, he finds more pleasure In viewing life on Its humor ous side and is an apostle of that later school of philosophy which teaches that if a truth can be borne home by a joke It will lodge as effectively as though seared Into the victim, and will hurt a great deal less. As editor of The Republican he com mands the respect of the community and the confielence and esteem of his associates. Though not all-wise he is regarde?d in "the office" as a fountain of knowledge and when " the staff is stumped by the limitations of the of fice library, he is appealed to as the court of last resort. It Is only fair to the editor whose greatest weakness is an ingrowing modesty, to state that these observations are made without his knowledge or consent; and with out hope of reward or fear or punish ment. THE REPORTERS. The reportorial staff of The Repub lican consists of C. S. Scott and Roscoe M. Dawson, as desk men, and about five hundred men and women in Phoenix who have been so harrassed by the reportorial augur that in self defense and through love of The Re publican as their family paper, they have been taught the duty and advan tage of putting the reporters "wise" when there is anything going on. The ancestry of Mr. Scott was Yan kee, with the proverbial cerulean ab dominal decorations, though Pennsyl- I '-?' ' 1 - - (r i - - 'f Daniel Huntington. - ,.-,,,,., ,1 j J. W. Spear. vania is responsible for his nativity, along about the close of the Lincoln era. Drifting west the family was marooned in Illinois for a couple of years and finally cast anchor in Kan sas in 1870. Mr. Scott received the rudiments of an education In a Kan sas corn field, rasping off the rough edges a little in a district school about five months each winter until he was 15 years old. Any later knowledge he possesses has been surreptitiously ac quired. The year 1884 found him in Phoenix, broke and homesick, but with a Job in the postoffice at a meager salary. Before he could amass the price of a railroad ticket, which was a long time, he became permanently located. Counter Jumping in Phoe. nix and Globe "occupied his attention until the panic of 1893, when he was given employment on the Phoenix Daily Herald and served that paper until It was acquired by the Republi can and succumbed to strangulation. This occurred in 1S99 since which time he has been continuously In the em ploy of The Republican. The main trunk of Reiscoe M. Daw son's family tree runs back into West Virginia, but noting its advantages for that purpose after the career of Abra ham Lincoln, he selected Illinois for his birthplace. It occurred so near the rippling waters of the Wabash how ever, that he felt it incumbent after the completion of his cedlege course, to spend a year In each the Indiana and the Illinois universities. It was he re he became infected with a desire to "write things for the paper," through some desultory work as a contributor to the sporting columns of various journals. Teaching in the Marshall, 111., high school did him no discredit, but it lacked excitement and he was lured into the proprietorship of a country weekly. Not wishing to become a "malefactor of great wealth" he eventually disposed of the paper and turned his nose-glasses westward, traveling slowly but always riding on the cushions. He gave a number of promising towns along the route a look-over, but nothing seemed to measure up as it ought to until he landed In Phoenix five years ago. Mr. Dawson was employed at Inter vals on the local papers, soon after his arrival, then for a period sought to break newspaper temptations, but about a year ago he joined The Re publican's staff, regularly, since when he has done excellent work in connect ing with the elusive news item and presenting it to the readers of the Clifford H. Smith. paper ere its crlspness and freshness has deteriorated. , A special feature of the paper which attracts no little attention, es pecially among the women readers and in the home circle. Is the "So ciety" department appearing in the Sunday issues under the caption "About Phoenix People." This de partment Is under the direction of Miss George Bailey, than whom there is no more talented or popular young woman in the city. And testimony to that effect it may be added, has been secured from disinterested sources. Miss Bailey though not a native of Phoenix has lived here from childhood. Is widely known, is conscientious in her work and it is appreciated both by the management and the patrons of the paper. Closely allied with this .department also is that of correspondence. The Republican has a reliable correspond ent in nearly every community in the county who is heard from as occa sion suggests. There are numerous others from more distant points with and without the territory, and a ca pable correspondent looks after mat ters of interest to the paper in Wash ington, D. C. There is one other who" should be mentioned in connection with the news force and that is George Mac donald a high school boy of 'Mesa City who possesses notable artistic talent. He has recently finished an art course with great credit and has done some chalk. plate cartoon work for The Re publican. It was mofet satisfactory and it is expected that in the days to follow more of it will be seen by our readers. THE BUSINESS MANAGER. The most important functionary in connection with the financial success of a large dally newspaper, though one who is less in the limelight of printed publicity, la the business - manager. Upon him depends on the oiij side the economical opteration of the plant, through Its proper organization, while on the other he is confronted by the necessity of such business policies as shall Insure the patronage of the pub lic. In the former he must have an intimate technical knowledge of the business and of the capabilities of men. In the latter he must surround himself with able subordinates who may be trusted to grasp the problems of detail in the counting room and in the circulation and advertising de partments, which in a general way are constantly under his superintendency. He must see that there is fair and courteous treatment for every patron, a proper demand for services render ed by the paper through advertising rates that are compensating for the expense and the results obtained. In all these respects Harvey J. Lee has served The Republican with signal success from the beginning of Its pe riod of prosperity. Even before that time, under conditions that could not possibly result In financial profit, Mr. Lee secured his schooling fer the im portant place he now occupies, by in timate association with the manage ment of the paper. Mr. Lee is a native of Michigan, dat ing back about S3 years, going to the Northwest with his parents at 15, and coming to Phoenix in the winter of 1893-4. In February 1894, he became associated with The Republican, then under the management of T. J. Wolf- , ley, soon after becoming identified with the business department. tn 1896 upoh the purchase of the paper "by Chas. C. Randolph, Mr. Lee became the business manager, having served in that capacity continuously since then. With the next change of man agement which was the advent of the 4. 1 4 f i - - - . ?t.' i j.. - l,- v 1 1 W. H. Hogle. present ge-neral manager Mr. Lee was made a director of the company. The uninterrupted prosperity of the paper is his testimonial of success and it needs only to be added that it has been achieved by keeping abreast of the times to the fullest extent war ranted by the field The Republican is filling. Its patronage has been lib eral, the best evidence of the public's appreciation of progressive methods and frequent changes in system, such changes always being for the better and suggested by the constant evolu tion of the printing business and the advances in the local commercial world. Mr. Lee has kept in close touch with the practical operation of other newspapers, especially those of the Pacific coast with which Arizona is more closely connected than with any other outside field. THE COUNTING ROOM. Clifford H. Smith, who has charge 1 of The Republican's counting rom, has been especially trained for work of that kind, being a competent sten ographer and an expert bookkeeper. A native of Texas, he has spent most of his life in the south and In old .Mexico, his activities previous to his connection with The Republican, being . in one department or another of rail road office work, and sufficiently va ! ried to give him witle experience. He j started as stenographer to the audi : tor of the International and Great Northern railroad at Palestine Texas. ! From there he went to the superin tendent of the Beaumont division of the Santa Fe. His next position was at Guadalajara, Mexico as stenogra pher to the superintendent of the Mex ican Central railroad. After a year he was transferred to the office of Presi dent Robinson of the Mexican Central as assistant to his chief clerk and a year later was made chief clerk to A. C. Hobart. superintendent of the same road. He retained this position for eighteen months, when he resigned to consummate a matrimonial project in El Paso that has resulted most happily. The next year was spent in the office of A. N. Brown, general freight agent of the El Paso ami Southwestern after which Mr. Smith entered the employ of the S. F. P. & P. railroad in the Pres?ott offices. Two years ago he joined The Re publican force as bookkeeper anel cashier and has performed his duties with eminent satisfactien to the man agement. He has moreover founel time t,o further the interests of th paper by cultivating friendly relations with its advertising patrons, many ef whom have been brought through his effejrts to a sublime appreciation of V w '' -. I George W. SUUer. . s