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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
V V EIGHTEENTH TEAR. 16 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 17 1908 10 PAGES VOL. XYIII. NO 3M The Republican's Eighteenth Birthday Anniversary Fittingly Celebrated by Formally Opening Its New Home to the Public 'and Bidding a Welcome to AIL Synopsis of the Life Story of Arizona's Greatest NewspaperDe scription of the New Double Decked Duplex Perfecting Press and the Largest Battery of Linotypes in the TerritoryHow the Newspaper Is Made Biographical Sketches of Those Who Make It, .HHHHHW"IHfr The star of The Republican is In its aseendajicy and shining with an ever increasing brilliance, yet in the widen ing firmament of Arizona's expanding prosperity the zenith seems as far re moved as over. To say that this of ficial housewarming oh the entering of The Republican's new home is the proudest day in the history of this newspaper, is but comparing present achievements with a somewhat event ful past. It is no boasting of a finish ed work, nor admission of a areer ful filled. It Vis confidently expected that as the veil of the future shall be lifted, other mile posts will be passed and many of them, on which may be blazed with the keen edge of satisfac tion, those emblems that mark the trail of The Republican's road to suc cess. For the present fl-oting hour it is sufficient to say that there is general rejoicing from the managing editor to the carrier "kids," that this newspaper Is snugly ensconced in its own home.. Kighteen years from the cradle to the rooftree! Eighteen years of diplomat ic negotiation with landlords, some times arrogant and dignified, some times kind and indulgent, but always, landlords. Kighteen years of doubt whether to make this temporary im provement or that, whether to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous inconvenience, or fly into other rented quarters and into the face of evils we knew not of. Now all is changed. It Is with somewhat pardonable pride that the biggest and best newspaper in Arizona, though not the oldest, first of all the- papers In Phoenix, moves into its own home, fashioned to its own liking, suited to its necessities. The Republican building is not the largest structure in the world, but were it so it could not better serve the paper's present wants. It is situated on the northeast comer of Second and Adams streets, is 50 x log feet If. size, and practically two stories high, one being a sub-story or half basement, better suited for the heavier machinery than any other. The walls are thick and strong, adapted for the adding of other stories when they shall be re quired. The building is of brick with matthoid roof, perfectly ventilated, with high ceilings, the latter of ornamental steel. The floor of the basement is mainly of cement, at least that portion of it devoted to storage purposes. The building is surrounded with a cement sidewalk and at its rear is an elevator for the lowering of machinery and roll paper into the liasement. The windows are numer ous on both floors, modestly ornament al and an attractive gilt sign apprises the passer by that he is in the shadow !.f the happiest and most hopeful newspaper in the great southwest. THE BUILDERS. Such Is the outward appearance of -h structure, due to the architectural talents of the well known firm of Trost and Trcst and Creighton, of EI Paso and Phoenix. The contractor under whose supervision the house was built. Is Clinton Campbell, a well known maker of fine houses in these parts. The brick work was done by Harney Kersting. who has made the spreading of mortar a fine art. The sidewalks were the work of M. I Vieux, known to fame as "Frenchy." The elevator was constructed by Kunz Bros. & Messenger, the machin ists. The furnishings of the business office were made to order at the Ryder Mills, under direction of "Billy" Suth erland and are one of the features that will attract the attention of visi tors on entering. They are of "burnt" wood; that is the ornamentation is pri marily seared into the grain bv fire ! and later varnished, while the counter i tops are of olished hard wood. The : varnishing was done by F. J. Taylor, a skilled artist. The Republican is pleas I ed with the workmanship of all, and ! ventures the assertion that nondi of ', the artisans are ashmaed of their performances. THE INSIDE OF-IT. The main entrance to the building i is on Adams street, by ascending a short flight of stairs to the second j floor, which leads the visitor into an I apartment 48x."2. This is sub j divld d by the fixtures of the business I office, the chief departments being on ; the left or west side. The general en- semblo looks very like a banking in- stitution or other large counting room. - Facing the front window nearest the street corner is the private otfice of j the business manager. The remaln j der of the west side of the room is devoted to the various desks of the j cashier, circulation department, nd j vertising department, etc., with the ! necessary wickets and counters. The ' opposite side of the room for the pres- ent is utilized as a reception room with conveniences for patrons. It will later be occupied in part by the paper's As I sociuted Press operator and such other ; facilities as may be found to be re I quired when a natural adjustment fol j lows temporary settling down. A j stairway also leads from theinortheast corner of this large room to the bae n.ent floor. . From the rear of this room a hall of projer width and 14" feet long leads to the large room in the rear of the second floor, which is devoted to the purposes of the job department. It is here the job presses, paper cutting ma chinery and all the necessary adjuncts are instilled or being installed. Here also is the job composing room, stock room for paper and all materials uti lized in Job printing, all together In one compact department. From this room' also a side entrance opens from Second street. On either side of the hall-way be tween the business office and Job de partment, are, the editorial offices. The room on the east side of the hall is 14x15, and is occupied by the man aging editor and editor and their of fice paraphernalia. This is the nerve center of the institution, the place des cribed in every newspaper write-up ever given to the public down to this twentieth century, whether a metro politan daily or a cross roa3s weekly, as the "sanctum sanctorum." Its big window opens to the east, not as many might suppose, to greet the rising sun as it sheds its effulgence over a dark ened world, symbolical of the all-pervading light that emanates from the editorial cerebrum, but to escape the parboiling salutations of that self same sun. The editor works at night and when he goes on shift he wants to know that the sun has passed the meridian and "ducked" for "our insular possessions." Across the hall, facing Second street, is the city news or reportorial depart ment, where, the raw material from which editors are sometimes made is i ,.rA inir. Shane. This room Is Iimiinu! . 1 - 14x25 in size "and Is conveniently i fitted up with desks, chairs, typewrit- " . ers, bookcases, telephones, filing cases, morgue, etc., etc. It is the workshop into which drifts the flotsam and jet sam of local happenings, street rumors and verified reports. To this depart ment comes the tangled threads of human incident, the pathetic and the humorous, the sad and the joyful, the regrettable and the jubilant, affairs of public and private dishonor as well i ; of municipal pride and civic glory. And responsive to the reverberant dft mands from the copy eaters below, from here emerge those effusions that the following morning brings the ver dict of the people on the great ques tion, "is there anything in the paper?" THE LOWER FLOOR. Passing to the lower floor the visitor ' finds himself in the workshop proper, J the mechanical department. Here there is much to interest and a part of it will be spoken of later, but the chief attraction at this time, the big elephant of the show, is the new print ing press. It is a duplex perfecting press equipped to print any nuinlr of pages up to twelve, direct from the type, bound together, and with color attachment, any eight page section of which can be printed in two colors of ink, and as many additional pages as are required by adding other sections, and is manufactured by the Duplex Printing Press Company of Battle Creek, Mich., which company ranks among the foremost makers of print ing machinery. As mentioned in greater detail in The Republican's "story," later on in this write-up. this press is only a later model of the one the paper hus had for 10 years and has found too satisfactory a machine to discard, for something with a less notable record. The old press Is now apparently as good as ever but there have been improve ments that are now desirable and the new one is also larger, prints more pages and is better equipped for pres ent day needs. Rut it supplants a machine of historic record for it was the first but one. on the Pacific coast. NO STEREOTYPING. The Duplex is the only perfecting pros which does not require a stere otyping plant and this facj also will be a great saving in time. The term "web perfecting." as applied to the ( press, means that the paper used is a continuous web of paper, fed from a huge roll, five miles in length. A per fect paper is made in a single opera tion, thus the term "perfecting." The press is a solid, substantial machine weighing 40.000 pounds, and rests upon a concrete foundation to avoid vibra tion, with a pit under it deep enough to e'nable the pressman to obtain ac cess to all parts for cleaning, oiling and attendance. The Duplex is a marvel of mechan ical lngeunity, and has been admired by hundreds who called at The Re publican office to see the first 12-page printing press ever installed in an of fice in Arizona. It can print a 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12-page paper, according as renuirements demand, and has a capa city of about 7,200 copies an hour. It Is essentially a twentieth century press, and has all modern improve ments that have been made in recent years. Installed in the ground floor of The Republican plant, the huge ma chine embodies all the very latest ideas, and is trrS finest type of ma chine over made by the Duplex com pany. 'It stands seven and a half feet above the foundation, and is nearly as wide as it is high. VARIETY OF WORK. The variety of the finished work which this machine can turn out is almost infinite, and the capacity, as said before, is 7,200 copies an hour the maximum speed being possible" whim eight pages are printed, but with all three decks working on a 12-page paper, the hourly production is a little less than with only eight forms on the press. It can print a poster 17-22 in ches in size, with reading matter on one or both sides, or it will print a 12 page metropolitan newspaper. Every thing in between can be printed as a matter of course. It will print from a roll of 12H inches wide or 70 inches in width. Two pages or ten, it is all the same to this nearly human creature, only that up to eight pages the mon ster will print 5H) more copies any hour than it will if the paper has more pages. The double color may not be con stantly used as it involves extra work where more than eight pages are printed, but it is available when de sired and in large papers and special issues it will be employed as a special feature of attraction. FIFTEEN HORSE POWER. The power of fifteen horses Is trans mitted to the driving pulleys by leather belting, and as the power is applied from a brand new General Electric Alternating current motor, all of . the thousands of separate parts respond in perfect harmony to the revolutions of the master wheels. To print a 10 or 12-page paper two separate rolls are required, each unwinding at dif ferent ends of the press.. At one end of the pcess the big roll weighing from If- r ' - i J 11 i j -u;xr- -rf-K- v . , a f i i i . . THE NEW REPUBLICAN BUILDING. 1.100 to 1.500 pounds, and at the other end the "baby" weighing only a little matter of G0 pounds. Paper from the "baby" mil runs directly from the floor to the tp steel roller of the press, nearly eight feet from the floor. From there it traverses the longest unsup ported stretch in its- entire travels entering between two steel bars, and running dwn into the heart of the machine. Ruck and forth traverse the wide ribbons, over rollers and under bars, until finally they pause for the fraction of a second as the impression of the type is stamped upon the paper. After passing over the feed rollers near the center of the press the web goes over a looping roller operated by equaliz cams and levers; thence it is guided by rolls .suitably placed in the printing cylinders' which jirint one side of the paper; thence to and under another looping roller, operated by the same mechanism. THE LOOPING ROLLERS. These looping rollers perform a very important function that of re ceiving the constantly incoming pa per, and at the same time delivering the constantly outgoing web, while the paper between these two looping rolls remains stationary in its -path of trav el during the time it is being printed upon by two impression cylinders and Immediately after the impressions are taken, and the printing is done by the cylinders in their travel in either di rection, that portion of the web which has been stopped is moving forward the proper distance to-bring sufficient blank paper for the next impression or the printing of, the next paper. Once the impression is struck, the ribbon moves along for just the width which is already printed, again the pause once more, the iinrression again, the move, and so on until the paper on its return trip runs over THE FOLDING APRON, high at the further end of the press and is given its first fold. This fold Is in the nature of a crease down the center, and as the paper moves along it passes over parallel rollers below the suspended knife. Quick as a flash descends the wedge-shaped steel, for a brief second the passing paper Is pressed between the rollers and anoth er fold is made. And so it goes on, fold after fold until the completed pro duction drops into the deliveryboxes. The forms, 12 in number, are piaced jpen three stationary slides or decks and over these decks pass the Impres sion and ink rollers. If fewer than ten pages are printed, one of the decks may be cut out, leaving but two sets of roilers to pass to and fro. These forms are slid in upon their sides and tlx n locked in place by key and quoin, giving the bottom of the type and cuts a firm base upon which to rest and at the same time keeping them from shifting VP any direction. THE LABOR OF A LIFE. The Republican's splendid Duplex press is not the work of a month or a year, but the labor of a -life. In lsvfl the Duplex Printing Press Com pany was first organized at Battle Creek. Mich. All was not to be smooth sailing for the new concern. For ten long years the company was in constant litigation over the funda mental patents, but in the end the plucky inventors proved their title to the Ideas they had originated, and from that time the history of the con cern has been one constant succession of improvements and advancements until, as a climax of the Twentieth Century Model of the Duplex press the one installed by the Republican has been produced. Not every man can set uj such a machine as Twentieth Century Duplex, though he be a fine mrchanic. MR. BATES' WORK. The new press was put together by Mr. V. S. Bates of Branford, Ontario, a representative of the manufacturing company whose exclusive work Is the performing of such missions as that for which he was sent here by the company. Mr. and Mrs. Bates arrived here two or three weeks ago and are greatly pleased with what they have seen of Arizona in contrast with their home in the north land. Mr. Bates is a most agreeable and companionablei gentleman and what he does not know about printing presses it is hardly nec- Many improvements have been made essary to know in this day and age. on this marvelous device in recent He required but a few days in whicJi j years so that by quick changes a great to put this huge machine together, fit- I variety of type matrices may be used ting each of the some 15eij0 separate I and almost any kind of commerical parts into its propt-r place, parts that j composition turned out. seemed when strewn about the base- When the No. 1 machine was in ment floor, to be too numerous to ever 'stalled in The Republican office three get together in one compact and well j were none in use west of the Rocky organized machine. Monntams, except in San Francisco As soon as Mr. Bates is satisfied that whore some of the larger papers had there is nothing more to explain about the complicated press, and that all danger of defect is passed, he will go elsewhere and leave the Duplex In the competent hands of Daniel Huntington, foreman of the press department. The press runs so easily and quick ly that the observer can not realize its speed unless he approaches the delivery box and sees with what swift ness the papers are delivered, a de tailed and comprehensive description of such a press as the Duplex is scarcely possible. Of intricate appear ance yet it is extremely simple In operation. Every part of the press installed a few for a certain class of composition, and in Los Angeles where the Times was then experimenting in their use. The Republican Is there fore one of the early papers in the west to recognize the opening of tha era of machine composition and it was one of the facilities that first gave it a lead over its competitors. Three or four years later the business or the office had increased so rapidly another machine was found necessary and was added. About the same time a lino type was installed in the office of the Phoenix Daily Herald, which property was acquired by The Republican in acts in unison and no mistakes can i and the linotype added, making a occur except through the carelessness ! battery of three machines. That par- of the operator. MERGENTHALER LINOTYPES the even The Most Wonderful Invention Em ployed by the Craft. The next important feature of the mechanical department is that of the Mergehthaler linotypes or type setting machines, which are under the person al direction of J. A. Ball an experi enced machinist operator. This won derful invention has revolutionized the printing business in the last few years jand The Republican claims some credit , as a pioneer in the work. In 1S:I5 the i:....... i. 1. . Tti : : U""1,1, UJ '-- j tn;ln tnat it must be studied, but many and is sttll in use on this paper form- alrrmy f:lmiliar with them and ing one of the battery of three in con- I thoso who are ot are inv,teJ tQ come I stunt commission. "No 1, as the ma- : am( gee thtm 'chine is affectionately called in the i tup makp iid office, was one of the early machines i E UP. i bearing the factory number 2478, all; The make-up department is also on linotypes being made by one concern '. this floor as well as the "ad alley," ! and that having proved the most per- ; By the make-up is meant the huge 'feet of all type setting machines, stone tables on which the type Is laid ticular machine however, has grown old with hard work and hard usage, has been returned to the factory, and a new one has now been Installed in its place. The other two machines have been repaired and placed in good order, new magazines or fonts of type matrices have been secured and The Republican's equipment has thus been I greatly perfected, and equal to any I emergency occasion that can be now ! foreseen, though with the increased prosperity anticipated, it is believed the time will not be long when still another machine must be added. No effort will be made to describe the in tricate workings of the linotype. It must be seen to be appreciated, more .....-l.wJW. COX DUPLEX PERFECTING PRESS. THE LATEST LINOTYPE.