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TITE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 17, 190S.
i I I The Panama-Canal V THE GATUN DAM. Oatun, Canal Zone, July 5. (Special Correspondence i)f Tho Republican.) The Isthmian canal project naturally divides itself into two parts. At the two ends they are simply digging big ditches forty-five feet deep and 500 feet wide, which will have the same surface level n.s the ocean itself. On the Atlantic side this big ditch starts at deep water in Limon Bay and ex tends inland seven miles to Gatun. On the Pacific side it starts at deep water and extends to Miraflores, a distance of five miles. From this it will be seen that approximately one-fourth of the whole canal will be a big yea-level ditch. For the remaining thirty-eight miles of the canal it is necessary to have the surface of the water eighty-five feet higher than that of the sea-level ends of the ca nal in order to get ships safely across the big continental divide at Culebra. To get this the engineers have plan ned p. exeat dam at Gatun, on the At lantic side, and two relatively smaller ones at the Pacific side, one at Pedro Miguel, called l the Americans "Pet er McGill," am) the other at Miraflores. These dams will make a vast lake shaped something like a gourd, with the little end at Pedro Miguel, the handle being the Culebra Cut. The topography of the isthmus lends itself admirably to. the plans of the engineers. The Cluigres river flows more than half way across the isth mus,' along the general. line of the can al, crossing the line of the big ditch twenty-three times on its way to the sea. without the, canal ever going out of its -nTiy to meet the river. All of these crossings, will of course, be elim inated when the dam is completed, and with a!! of its windings", the Chagres will not. be able to wind -4ut f - the big Gatun lake. The Chagres flows down through a EA There is no need of anyone suffer ing long . with this disease, for to effect a quick en re it is only neces sary to tales a few doses of - Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy In (act, in most eases one doss is sufficient. It never fails and can be relied upon in ths most severe and dangerous cases. It is equally val uable for children and is the means of saving the lives of many children each year. In the world's history no medicine has ever met with greater success. PRICE 25o. LARGE SIZE BOo. M DIARRHO HIQIn valley which gradually widens as it nears the sea. At Gatun this valley is about a. mile wide. It terminates entirely here, the hills which form it losing themselves in a coastal plain. It is across the valley at this point that thsv are building the Gatun Dam and its accompanying locks. This , "dam will be a veritable mountain of mud more than a mile long and a half mils wide ut the base. It will be 135 feet high, ready to dispute the passage of the grim old Chagres, taking lrom iti murky waters such toll as Uncle Sam and the commerce of the world may exact. This toll will be big enough to fill the largest artificial lake in the world a lake whose water surface area will be about 165 . square miles. After the Chagres and its smaller neighbors have filled the lake to the required height the dam will allow the rest of the water to pass through its' spillway and on to the sea, without further interruption, the only demand i being that it shall not approach ti) line of the canal ' again. In 'other' words, its vagrant waters will be sen-j tenced to the canal workhouse and i when that is filled to overflowing, tliev will be Invited to "leave town" at once by the spillway route. ' ;- After we have the lake, the problem is to get ships up into it and down -out of it. They cannot go over the dahi spillway like a piece of drift wood, j neither can they get up into it as aj fish wiggles himself up over a mill dam. Here is where the locks come in. They are nothing more complex than a sort of Rrobagandian marine stairway for ships to climb. At Gat-: un there are three of these gigantic steps 3000 feet wide In the clear. And as ships do not like to pass on a single stairway they have put a partition in the middle of the big staircase so that they do not need to run into one an other. This partition is no small boarded up affair either. It is of con crete and is fifty feet across at the base and tapers up to twenty feet.. Even with this big partition in the middle of the staircase they will not' have to rub against the wall, since they have 110 feet in the clear. When a ship comes in from the Ai lantic and wants to get into the Gatun lake in order to make her way; acrps's the isthmus, she will steam into the lower lock. The big water gates Willi be closed behind her and water will be admitted into the lock from the dam above through innumerable holes In the floor. When she has been lifted I to the level of the next lock she oes I into that one and the operation is re peated, until she finds that she has ! climbed up eighty-five feet in three steps. A ship desiring to go down has the topmost lock's gates opened and she goes into it. Then the water is allowed to flow itno the next one un til they have a common sea level. Then the gate ahead is opened and the ship goes into this lock where the perform ance is repeated until she finds her self at sea-!evel again. If anyone has any doubts about the success of the Gatun Dam project, let him come down here and see what is being done and how they are doing it. Doubting Thomas would have believed on less evidence that one sees here. With that thoroughness and attention to detail which has made the army en gineers the peers of any lot of engin eers on earth. Colonel Goethals and Major Pibert have indeed eliminated all the elments of chance by innumer CLE GRADE 25 DISCOUNT HO 30-32 West Washington able proofs. For instance, they have built a cross section of Gatun Dam on a scale of one inch to the foot, using identically the same materials that are going into the big dam, and in the same way. They have put the proportionate water pressure against! ii, .iiiu are jioung me results. Through all this cross section only an occasion al drop of water comes out into the basin they have arranged to catch it. And when a drop does come out, it is as "clear as any water that ever passed through afiliration bed. If the water of the Gatun lake is to honeycomb and eat away the heart of the Gatun Dam, as critics have prophesied, it will have to reverse every law of experimental engineering to do so. But even this experiment a thor ough enough one for any commercial firm in the. world to accept the deduc tions from- it as established facts does not satisfy the army engineers. They have arranged a large number of auxiliary experiments. In one of these they have an iron cylinder, some four feet high and some eight inches in di ameter. Into this they have put three feet of the earth of which thev pro pose to build the big dam. They have I subjected this to all degrees of water pressure- up to fifty pounds to the square inch. Yet even with this trer mendons weight of water against it tle amount that seeps through is only an. occasional drop, of course, it nat urally follows, so plainly that even the layman cannot fail to see it, that if onjy an occasional drop seeps through three feet of the material with a pres sure equivalent to a head of 115 feet of water, there can be no danger of seepage through 2000 feet of the ma terial under the pressure of a head of oly eighty-five feet of water. The itiiperviousness of the material which is' to. to used in the dam has been proven' In so many ways that no man Who has seen these proofs can doubt It. WHY" DON'T YOU TRY? 'Why don't you try to be happy? That Is, If you are weak and nerv ous, why don't you try Sexine Pills? They are the best tonic in the world, simply because they are the best for any form of nerve weakness in men and women. Price $1 a Ikx; six boxes $5, with full guarantee. Ad dress '.. or call on Elvey & Hulett, where they sell all the principal remedies and do not substitute. WEATHER TODAY. Washington, D. C, July 16. For Ari zonaShowers Friday and Saturday. o OFF FOR THE SHOOT. A corpo ral and two soldiers from Fort Whip ple were in town yesterday on their way to Aue. Tex., to attend the an nual shout . which will shortly take place there. If the carrier fails to leave The Re publican at your address any day noti fy the office before noon and a spe cial messenger wilr deliver it. We expect subscribers to get their paper every day in the year, and unless they advise us of poor service we cannot properly serve them. PHONE MAIN 47. 1RAFC OF BATTLESHIPS AT HONOLULU is All the Islanders Turned Out to See the Fleet Every (Nation Represented In the Welcome Extended the Squadron. Honolulu, July 16. The Atlantic battleship fleet arrived here at noon today, completing another leg of the world cruise. Magnificent beyond any thing ever seen in these waters was its arrival, as one powerful vessel after another rose out of the eastern horizon and came within range of the vision 4t thousands of spectators from the whole Hawaiian group .of islands who thronged the Diamond Head and the adjoining heights which stretch beyond Waikiki eastward from Hono lulu to the extremity of the island Oahu. Karly this city was astir and the pilgrimage to Diamond Head and oth er points of vantage was begun, with street cars jammed, automoJiles gajly decked and carriages crowded with eager people. Many rode on horse back, while others hastened on board the excursion craft in Ihe bav - As the fleet rounded Diamond Head anil came into the view of the city, its approach was beheld from the roof of a tall building by a great cosmopolitan crowd of men. women and children of all races and nations that go to make' up Honolulu's population, Japanese,! Chinese, Korean, Hindus, Hawaiians, Portuguese. Spaniards. Porto Ricans, ! Filipinos and people. from every Euro - pean country and every state of the union. Nearly all -carried the Ameri- can flag and from the housetops of the city floated, besides the stars and stripes, the flags of almost every na tion, the Chinese and Japanese flags predominating. Just at noon the Connecticut hove to the outer entrance of the channel, and the other vessels took positions. The Illinois, Kearsarge and Kentucky anchored westward of tho channel en trance and the Georgia, Nebrsaka, New Jersey and Rhode Island eastward. At 12:30 the Connecticut slowly entered the channel surrounded by the Japan ese fishing fleet firing daylight fire works of many curious designs. When the Connecticut was about to enterthe harbor she was greeted by a salute from -the naval station. The Wisconsin. Minnesota and Vermont followed after the Connecticut. After passing Molokai the third division. I conyiosed of the Louisiana, irginia. I selves for Rryan and perhaps may ohio and Missouri proceeded to La-j take with them a part of the inde maina on the island of Maui for coal, j pendence party. This afternoon Rear Admiral S perry i It is locally determined that Arizona and Governor Frear exchanged off icial I hall have a prominent part in the visits. No noteworthy incident oc- j Iiryan movement in the Hearst con curred on the voyage and as a matter' ventlon. so that Mr. Bryan mav fur of fact this leg of tljourjjoy wasjther know where his real friends nre. GLTEG 25 Street. rather more uneventful than usual. The Nebraska, which wus left be hind when the fleet sailed from the Golden Gate, overtook the fleet Ut 6:30 a. m. yesterday. The third division will come to' Hon olulu on July 19. IHE ATTEMPTED IHEFIj ' OE A GREAT PARTY A great political crime is contem plated nothing less than the theft of a great political party before the paint on it has had time to get dry. This felony is to be committed or attempt ed in the interest of Mr. Iiryan who has done much talking about "political train robbers." The project wa3 disclosed yesterday by leading democrats of Phoenix. The plan is to capture the Independence League which William R. Hearst has built up at considerable expense. Ari zona is to be represented at the Chi cago convention of the league and loin in a movement which is said to be pretty widespread already, for the en dorsement of Williflm J. Bryan for the presidency. It is stated that the Cal ifornia delegates to the league conven tion are In the conspiracy; that Massachusetts is ripe for revolt and that the delegates from a half dozen other states, among them West Vir ginia have been sounded and are will ing to assist in the assassination of Hearst in his own house. . Jimmle Heal y a former active dem ocratic worker in tho city and the county is to be one of the delegates from Arizona to the Hearst conven tion. Some months ago Mr. Healy ap parently deserted the democratic party and associated himself with an ele ment of the republican party and an nounced that for the first time since coming to Phoenix he felt at home. It was understood that henceforth he was to ,)fV a republican, Put when it was announced that the Independence League representations were coming to Arizona for the pur- I l,,,so of organizing a territorial ca i n.'itpn Mr Henlv w.is nhoerveil t, lie getting ready t give them a rousing reception in his own uehalf. Finally when Larry F.icholz did come Mr. Healy gave him the right asnd of fel lowship and volunteered to assist in the work of reformation and purifica tion in this territory. There will be another delegate from Phoenix a Mr. Jones who too, it is given out will join the insurgents and demand an in dorsement of Bryan. Though the independence party is young it "Is a lusty infant and It will take something of a revolt to overturn it in thj- Interest of anybody but Hearst. Those who are in the move ment hope however that by springing the name of Bryan at an oppirtune time the convention may lose its foot ing and be swept to him. If not how ever there is always the possibility of a bolt in which the insurgents can lose nothing. They can at least save theni- SRLE xtraor dinar y Sale of Sample Line of Muslin Underwear Availing ourselves of a chance to buy a complete sample line of muslin underwear, which we place at your disposal at prices Below Wholesale Cost Consisting of Corset Covers, . Undershirts, Chimese, Drawers and Night Gowns. These garments will be arranged and displayed to make choosing easy and will be on sale Friday Morning and all DaySaturday For the benefit of our rural route customers who cannot attend our Saturday night sales which are so popular. These bargains will begin Friday morning continuing through the week. - . PARTIAL PUBLICITY Of EUIENBERG CASE So Much of It May Go Out as May ' Not Be Harmful to Morals. Berlin. July 16. Beginning today the presiding judge in the Zu Eulen berg case allowed one newspaper re porter to be present at the trial and take such accounts of the testimony as was not inconsistent with public morality. The prince in a weak, shaky voice replied to the questions put to him by the Court. 'How do you explain Ilerr Ernest's testimony concerning your conduct with him?" inquired the judge. "Ernest is for me a psychological puzr.le," answered the prince. "I know there are bail men," com mented the judge, "but in this case you would have it appear you are an angel and Ernest a devil." "I certainly am no angel,' replied Zu Eulenberg. "I have many weak nesses. My best qualities have been expressed, I think, by enthusiastic friendships and generous acts, but un fortunately even these qualities are twisted by the world Into meanness and filth." In reply to another question the prince said: "I can only suppose that Ernest testified as he did against me as a result of mental torture, threats of penitentiary and the consequent helplessness of his wife and children." ! Pressed for the explanation of a let ter he had written to Ernest, the prince exclaimed: "My God, my God. I was more ill then than I am today." - When asked to explain the rapid promotion of Herr Kistler, court coun cillor, to whom the prince was unusu ally friendly, the prince related at length Kistler's services as hs pri vate secretary, his gift of letter writ ing and ability In indexing documents, etc. Continuing the prince explained the letter he wmte to the emperor in 18XS in the interest of Kistler as an expression of his .wish to see Kistler taken care of in case of (the prince's) death. Kistler's future lay near to him, he said. As the prince felt that his relations with the emperor might be regarded as justifying the letter, he had written it and given it to Kist ler to be used in the event of his death. After the prince's explanation of the Kistler letter, his breath Be came short and quick and he grew so weak that the doctors recommended an adjournment which was taken. a AN EXCITING DAY AT BRIGHTON BEACH Wholesale Arests of Persons Suspected of Race Track Gambling. New York, July 16 There were ex citing scenes at Brighton Reach race track today resulting from the tactics of the police in their determination to run down and round up track gamb lers. Arrests were made right and left by plain clothes men detailed to the track in place of the uniformed squad that has been on duty there. The crowd of 5000 in the field and stand were wrought up to a high pitch of excitement when the detectives not only took a score or more of suspects into custody but proceeded to search some of them in full view of the spec tators. There were no demonstrations against the officers, however, and their work was accomianied by noth ing more serious than outspoken re marks of disapproval at the treatment accorded the priosners, some of whom were brought handcuffed from the field through the grandstands. It was hinted before the afternoon's racing began that extreme measures would be taken, even to the extent of closing the track if the anti-betting law was flagrantly violated or if there were any riotous demonstrations. Some of the men arrested were released aft er being escorted out of the grounds. Eight men lfwvet were taken to the Brooklyn police headquarters and aft erwards released on bail for hearing tomorrow. The grand jury investigations of tho conditions at the tracks is proceeding. District Attorney Elder of Kings coun- ' ty said tinlay that within twenty-four hours he expected the indictment of prominent persons in connection with the alleged violations of the anti-bet-tine law. easy to digest? Grape-Nuts made from wheat and barley, is pre-digested in the making. "There's a Reason."