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TIIE ARIZONA I? ErUBLICAN SUNDAY MORNING, AUG. 2, 1008.
GOVERNMENT tXPERIMf Nl FOR SACATON INDIANS A Description of the Drilling Tests Now Going On On the Reservation. Nestling at toe. base ff-.the sou itli side f the peak culled San Tan, wliii'h is a part of a small spur of the Sacaton mountain, and situated about a mile north of the Gila, lies the little Indian village of San Tan, the inhab itants of which numbering about two hundred and fifty to three hundred will be the first of I'nele Ham's wards to derive direet benefits from the im mense project now under way at this rtservation, by the L'nited States re clamation service, and which is to eventually reclaim over twenty thou sand acres of land lying to the south west along the north bank of the Gila. For untold ages, the I'ima stock re siding in this fertile valley, has fol lowed the inaceful pursuit of agricul ture, bting compelled, however, from time to time to act on the defensive side, and to wage terrific warfare w ith their most deadly enemies, the ma rauding Apaches. ti.. Plums are industrious, thrifty. and for generations have tiueu ins loamv soil on Uie banks of the river which water course has rich Cila fomislicd these farmers a dein-nilable water supply until late years. Their earlier habitations were generally num. of reeds and plastered togeincr mi clay forming a picturesque contrast l.. h. more modem and substantia! structures to which many of the for mer have given place. These are al ways erected on the highlands, thus allow ing the lowlands to be devoted to cultivation. The inevitable hay stack which ore always sees there, testifies to the fact that these Indians believe in laying up a store for future use. Several of the Indians have been given steady employment In the fur nishing of from fifty cords of wood per month for use at the steam boiler, and for this they receive a compensa tion of $4 per cord. The number of Indians that will be directly benefitted by the reclamation r.f this land is roughly estimated to be from twelve to fourteen hundred. This work has been taken up in view of the fact that the Indians who could at one time depend on the waters of the ..iu for irritii.n rannot (lit so ai me present time, owing to the fact that th. i:iri?c diversion dam constructed across the river at Florence several years ago. prevents practically an ex cepting the flood waters of the early spring and later those caused by the summer rains, from reaching the tilled lands bv the Iteil Men. SO FAR SATISFACTORY. In view of this faet. the government has been experimenting with the sink ing of deep wells, the first of which were sunk at Sacaton on the grounds where tile United States Indian school is located. These in a great measure have proven very satisfactory, but have left much to be desired in the way of furnishing a steady and con tinuous flow in large volumes. After these experiments wepj made the mat-' ter was left for many months in status ciiio. until Superintendent Louis C. Hill of the l'nited States reclamation ser vice, with headquarters now in Phoe nix, took up the matter with Roy Mc Ci.rmick, an expert well driller and en gineer. After going over the ground thoroughly, the kind of machinery which it was thought would be neces sary for the work, was determined up on, ordered, and in due time was ship ped to Mesa and transported overland to the north bank of the Gila, nearly opposite to the present town of Sac aton. Jn the drilling of these wells, it is the plan of the government to have stations located approximately a mile apart, at each of which a test well will first m driven for the purpose f determining the different strata form ations. This plan will be carried out at each of the stations along the line of the proposed canal, and which the wells will eventually feed. The canal will start about one inile to the east, and slightly to the north of the vil lage of San Tan. and will run in a westerly direction, bearing slightly to the south along the north bank of the ".ila, for a distance of between twenty five and twenty-eight miles. When the drilling of these test wells has been completed, six additional wells will be sunk at each of the stations along the canal. Ir each of these wells, cen Irificial pumps capable of raising 100 imii.-i iiiuurr , ...... . ..... .... ..... . and these w ill be operated by electric , MESA DEPARTMENT W. H. HOGLE, Manager WELL DRILLING MACHINE power furnished by the immense pow er plant at Roosevelt. Three of these test wells have al ready been sunk, and the fourth has been commenced. They are sixteen inches in diameter, and in this respect, are the largest wells ever driven, or that has ever been attempted in the l'nited States. The first well was sunk three-fourths of a mile northeast of the San Tan village, and was driven to a depth of 175 feet, at which point bedrock was encountered. The second is located a mile further west and was drilled to a depth of 216 feet- without reaching bedrock. The drilling of this well was stopped, however, when this depth had been reached. The third anil .ast so far completed, is one and one-fourth miles still further west, and in this well, as was the case .with the first, bedrock was again encoun tered at a depth of 17i feet. WHAT WAS FOUND. The following record made of the depths of the different strata, passed through in the digging of the first well will give a comprehensive Idea of the formations encountered in ull three of the wells, with the exception of one. this occurring in the third and at a distance of HIO feet from the Kiirf-!,... and here a ledge of flint granite three ieei in uenin was encountered, and which it took three davs for the drill ing machinery to penetrate. The following is the record of strata for the first well: Depth from Thickness Surface. of Strata. 0 ft 25 ft.. Adobe and quicksand. 25 ft 15 ft. Quick sand and clay. 40 ft SO ft. Water, gravel and boulders. 120 ft 43 ft. Cement gra vel. 1G3 ft 40 ft. Mixture of gravel and sand. 203 ft 13 ft. Clay & sand. Water rises to within 26 feet of the surface. Total length of casing 208 feet. Total depth of well 216 feet. Quantity of water obtained 80 miner inches with 10 foot draw down. Water bearing strata found at depth of 40 fi'et to 120 feet, and again at 162 to 203 feet. Perforations at depth of 40 to 60 feet, four holes every two feet, 6o to 120 feet, four holes every foot. 163 to 200 feet, four holes every two feet, 360 perforations- in all. Water contains small fractional per cent of salt and some lime, is very soft and leaves practically no sediment after being boiled. The flow of 80 miner Inches' obtain ed from this well was gotten from a propellor pump with a ten foot draw down, so cannot be taken as an es timate of the possible flow which can be obtained from the wells. This flow did not preccptlbly lower the water in the casing, although the stream was kept going several hours. Engineer McCormlek estimates that a continu ous flow of 10i miner inches can be obtained from any of the wells com pleted up to this time. The casing employed is an all steel ten gauge leasing and of an extremely heavy make, which was manufactured especially for use in these wells.' as nothing so heavy as this has ever been employed before for this purpose. The starting joint is twenty feet long, with a large steel shoe riveted on the lower end. This starting joint is first sunk, ami is fi liowed by the casing in lengths of two feet, which is sunk and placid in position with heavy drive heads, or with hydraulic jacks, the pipe belli,- driven through the harder formations with the drive heads aid sunk through the softer strata with the jacks, which develop a pressure of ovtr one hundred tors. THE MACHINERY. The drilling machine is portable and interchangeable., manufactured by the Leibecker Tool company of .Marietta, .. The machine is mounted". oil a heavy steel frame, on which are-placed all "of " the cable fastenings, walking beams and sliding . gears, besides a twenty-five horse power engine, mak ing a powerful machine and oi- that Is capable of drilling to a deptli of 3000 feet if necessary. The cable ' WHEN WE LEAVE HOME which is two and .one-quarter Inches in diameter, is run; over a sixty-two foot 'must, on the end of this cable is fastened the steel stem to which the huge bits.-weighing 1100 pounds are fastened, the whole weighing ap proximately 2!i0 ' pounds. Several pumps of various sizes and lengths arc used to lift tiii the silt made by the continuous pounding of the heavy bits. Drive heads weighing five hundred pounds are transferred from the walk ing beam to the spudding arrange ment, giving a direct plunge of six feet. The pressure can be changed from the drive heads to the hydraulic jacks within a space of five minutes. A large supply of drilling material in cluding another drilling machine of the type of the one now employed, Is enroute from the east. Work will progress much faster from this time on. as the experimental stage is prac tically over. Power is furnished from a twenty five horse power steam boiler, this operating both the driller and furnish ing the power for the hydraulic jacks. A test of the volume of water fur nished by the wells is made by pump ing the water into a wooden through and running it into a wier hole or basin; form this it passes over a wier, the height to which it rises determin ing the number of minor inches or foot seconds as the case may be. In wells of such large diameter the tools employed must necessarily be of huge dimensions, and every device which will give added strength is used. All of the steel bits are fastened with tapering joints, with the threads con vexing toward the body of the tool, thus giving added grip to the steel stem which holds it. These joints are two and one-half inches at the smaller end and three and one-half at the base. As soon as the work of drilling the wells is completed on the reservation, it is understood that it is the plan of the government to drill similar wells and also dig a canal on the desert land lyiiig to the south of the base line, located south of Mesa. Plans for the survey of this proposed water sys tem are now under way, although its exact location cannot be determined at present. WILL BECOME RESIDENTS OF MESA. ' .Mr. and Mrs. Henry B. McNeil who recently came to the valley from Blue water, N. M., have moved from Lchi, where they have resided since coming hire, to the John Connelly residence. East Skirt street. PRIESTHOOD MEETINGS. The high priest ouorum met at 10 o'clock yesterday morning, In the Tab ernacle annex. At this meeting the new presidency was sustained and those composing it set apari iu uiun different positions, these being as 101 i. II s; Phelos. president; Benja min Noble, first counselor; Anders Mortinsen, second counselor. The subject under discussion was Iianu. and was treated on by J. T. Lesueur. io..,e i!irnrs M. A. Stewart, and a general discussion by the other mem bers of the quorum tollowett. At 2 p. m. the priesthood meeting was held in the Tabernacle. TO LIVE IN CANADA. Yesterday afternoon Mrs. "William Vance and Miss Lorina Vance left Mesa with the far north as their des tination. Mrs. Vance has been resid ing at . St. David while Miss Vance comes from Tombstone, they met here by appointment and together will go to their new home which is to be in Ravmond, Canada. MANAGEMENT CHANGES. At a recent meeting of the board of directors of the Mesa Dairy and Ice company, it was decided to appoint Alfred Schaefer as manager. Mr. Schaefer is formerly of Philadelphia, but has been a resident of the valley for several months, during the larger part of this time he has been employed at the plant as bookkeeper. He is thoroughly conversant with the busi ness, and with Mr. Schaefer at the head it Is safe to say that the business is in good hands. Chas. Peterson the retiring manager will now devote the larger part of his time to his own interests. ANOTHER BOUNCER. As babies go. they are naturally fine everywhere. Itut however we cannot help but believe that this is more par ticularly true in Mesa, barring no oth er place on the globe. The finest and latest thus far recorded was a young man who arrived at the home of Mr. and Mrs. James Miller yesterday morning; the young gentleman tips the beam at fourteen and one-half pounds. Mother and baby doing nicely. o ALHAMBRA. H"M"H"l'H"ll"l"H-M":'H-H' Alhambra, Aug. 1. Mr. and Mrs. Jack Walker returned from California last evening after a month's sojourn at the various coast resorts. B. F. Reaksecker left Thursday morning for San Francisco. R. R. Stroud and daughter. Miss Maude, left Thursday evening for Al hambra, California. Mr. Stroud be ing called there on account of the serious illness of his father. Miss Blanche Charlcsbois of Phoenix visited with friends and relatives last Sunday. Mrs. Kinisey returned from Mesa Thursday where she has been visiting; her daughter Mrs. Duke. Mr. and Mrs. Richard Allen and daughter Miss May, returned Tuesday from a week's visit at Evergreen. While at Evergreen they were tha guests of Mr. Rothrock and family. Miss Ruby Wright of Chicago arriv ed lu re last week to visit her sister Mrs. Fred Waege. Mrs. Stinnett and son Thomas Wed- nesdayed with Mr. and Mrs. tlaylord. Mr. and Mrs. Hagney, who have 20 acres, share Utah water, $1000 brick house, 2 wells cased 150 ft. deep, good shade orchard all fenced, acres In garden. Price $3500.00. 160 acres at $50.00 per acre. i0 acres can be Irrigated under Mesa canal balance under-New Gov't, canal. Joins land held at $150.00 per acre. Also 5, 10. 20, 40. 80, 160 acre tracts. Money to Loan. Pomeroy-Gulhrie . Realty Co. Oldest Agency in Mesa. 1st door east of P.O.. Mesa. Arizona. IT WILL HEAL SORES QUICKLY. Legear's Antiseptic Powdsr HOLLADAY'S PHARMACY. Orders delivered anywhere in the city. MESA HOTEL. European plan. Large, clean, airy rooms. Splendid dining room in con nection, under the direction- of Mrs. A. W. Cornett. : : L. V. GUTHRIE, Proprietor , . . THE ALHAMBRA Mesa's First-Class Hotel. Coolest Dining Room in the valley. Special Sunday evening dinners. All stages leave the hotel every morning except Sundays. Bus meets all trains. D. J. McCAULLEY, Proprietor. VACATION AT ROOSEVELT The greatest scenic stage, route in America. There from Mesa In ten hours, with five relays, in easy riding Concord stages. Leaves Mesa at 6 a.m. every day exeep Sunday. Fare S6.00. MESA-ROOSEVELT STAGE CO. Shovel 'em Out Sale This has been the greatest sale in the history of The Toggery. New materials are being added every day, and greater bargains than ever are being offered. SALE CLOSES THE TOGGERY, Mesa, Ariz. The home of Egg Drinks and Fancy Dishes. THE PLACE TO KEEP COOL. G ROVER'S PLACE ON THE CORNER Special: All Egg and Fancy Drinks, 10 cts. Watch this space for spe cials. This time it is LOLLY POP, 10 CTS MEET ME ON I Our New Shoe Stock i; l We have just received a including all the new and styles. Our assortment is for comfortable and stylish A. HUNSAKER I been occupying the Abbot ranch north of Alhambra, are moving this week to Scottsdale. Mr. Hagney has rented the Chaplain Scott ranch. Mrs. Jordan and mother, Mrs. Beck, of Isaac, spent the day Thursday with Mr. Ashby and family. j Little Miss Marymae Charlcsbois re- i i turneu to the city Thursday after i spending a week with her grandparents j Mr., and Mrs. II. Renaud. I The Wilson Waege camping party I started out Monday evening for their mountain trip, but the party had pro ceeded but a short distance across the desert when a team of mules driven ' by Mr. Waege became frightened and ran away, breaking the wagon quite badly, making it necessary to return to the city for repairs. The necessary re pairs being made, the party started out again Wednesday morning. Summer Tips For Women. Next to the white, pale shades with a very light shrimp as one of the leaders, are extensively used in the eastern resorts. This is surely the age of the slen der woman. She predominates at all the resorts this season. Over at At lantic City it is said all the fat women stayed away. At any rate, they are few, as is plain to be seen; what is the secret? Stout ladies of the 400 have found a new way to quickly take off the extra fat and hold it in check with out inconvenience. They have thank fully given up dieting, exercising and the miscellaneous drugging bo long in vogue among the overfat, for a simple mixture that is said to give remarkable results, owing to its con trol of the fat-forming operations of the system. The formula is: Mar mola, one-half ounce; Fluid Extract Cascara Aromatic, one-half ounce; Syrup Simplex, three and one-half ounces; dose a teaspoonful after meals and at bedtime. Enthuiastic users claim that this mixture will re duce fat at the rate of a iound a day without causing wrinkles, and has the additional merit of being perfectly harmless. The ingredients are inexpensive an dobtainable at any drug store. In order to get the best results, however, the Marmola must be fresh, and so care should be taken to get it in the original un broken half-ounce package. A CHANGE IN ORDER OF COAL PRODUCERS Illinois Has Displaced West Virginia As Second in List of Coal States. Chicago. July 2S. (Siecial Cor respondence of The Republican.) Increased production of coal in the l'nited States has caused a change in the order of the coal -producing states, according to statistics which have just been compiled by the gov ernment geological survey. Illinois, which in 106 was third in production, is now second, and West Virginia has dropped to third place. Penn sylvania is still f it -l on the list. Il linois' production for 1907. as given in the report, was 51.317.145 short tons, having a spot value of $54, 687,382. Export of coal from this country to Canada, Cuba and else where have been steadily growing and this year promises to break all existing records. Latest government AUGUST 1. Our syrups are made from pure extracts and fruits. Ralph A. Chase, "The Boston Mixer," in charge. THE CORNER new consignment of Shoes, natty designs in the Jball complete in every detail, footwear we take the lead. reports show total exports of coal ofr a iieriod of eleven months as 11,565,242 tons, with a value of $35, 750,637. Corresponding figures for 1907 showed a total of only 20, 099,947 tons and 1906 was still less. The change in Illinois' position re calls the big strike of two years ago. as the increased production for 1907 was due to the renewed activity in mining after the recovery from the effects of the suspension on April 1, 1906. During this suspension practi cally all the important mines of Illi nois were idle and 49,792 out of a total of 61,988 miners were unem ployed for 58 days. Because of the conditions the production of West Virginia in 1906 exceeded that of Il linois by 1,810,246 short tons, as the suspension there affected ' .only a small number of the mines for about 30 days. " ' The army of moths which have caused such destruction to trees in Buffalo, Detroit and other eastern cities, has at last reached Chicago in its westward course and the winged pests are now ravaging the foliage in the city parks and in the suburbs. Gardeners and city authorities every where are uniting in an effort to save the trees and a war of extermination will begin at once. The invaders are the particular kind known as white marked Tussock moms and accord ing to entomologists they have made unusual head way this year because certain other insects, their unusual parasites, have been destroyed by atmospheric conditions. The moth is a native of this country and its favorite tidbits are the leaves and young bark of the lindens, soft ma ples and horse chestnuts. The cater pillar is a gorgeous creature, with a coral red head, a yellow body streaked with coral grey and a pair of waving black plumes on its fore head that reminds one of the decora tions of a funeral hearse. The fe male moth deposits from 100 to 600 eggs in a gray-colored oval mass, which may be seen hanging from twigs of trees. The young caterpillars begin to feed on leaves as soon as they are born. They also prey upon fruit and have a habit of girdling small twigs by eating the bark in a circle. The pest is spreading westward at an alarming rate and vigorous steps are being taken to stamp it out. The most effective way to protect trees that are attacked say those who have made a study of the matter, is to spray the leaves with a solution of arsenate of lead and water. Electricity as a motive power, which Mayor Busse has urged should be used on the trains entering Chicago to do away with smoke of locomotives, has just scored a new triumph in being substituted for steam in the longest submarine tunnel in the world. This is the St. Clair tunnel under the river connecting the United States and Can ada at I'ort Huron, Michigan, and Sar nia, Ontario. This is on the direct line from Chicago to Eastern Canada, on the lirand Trunk railroad, and the first electric locomotives have already been put into service at the tunnel on trains running to and from this city. The electrification of the tunnel -marks a great step in the progress of the electric science as applied to transpor tation. The mighty steam moguls which used to handle trains through the tunnel have been replaced by com pact, powerful electric engines driven by 250 horse power alternating current motors. The frames of the novel loco motives are similar to those of steam moguls, on the frame there being a cab of structural steel provided with doors at each end and each side. The engines are built as two half unites, each with three driving wheels, and these units can be coupled up to one when desired, with free passage through the doors from one section to another. Inside the cab is the elec jtrieal equipment. Practically the en ! tire operations connected w ith the 'running of the trains are carried on by electricity. A motor-driven air compressor is installed in the cab and supplies compressed air not only for the operation of the brakes on the en gine and the train service, but also for the working of the various de vices on the locomotive for which compressed air is used, including the operation of the trolley bow and the 'and the electrically controlled switches. the ringing of the bell, the sanding of the track and the setting of the cir cuit reeakers. The tunnel has been in existence about fifteen years and is now one of th most important gate ways of traffic between Canada and the United States, and hereafter will be one of the smokeless ones. The fight against the proposed ad vance of railroad rates, which centers in this city, progressed another step at the conference of shippers, and is ' being conducted with dignity, and ev ery amicable effort to change the de jcision of the -railroad executives, be j fore vigorous tactics are employed. i3 being made. Letters commending the I dispassionate letter to President j Roosevelt, sent by the shippers, ask i ing his intervention, and the resolu tions adopted by the shippers at their meeting in the offices of the Illinois Manufacturers' association, have been received from many quarters. The tolerance of the resolutions and the proposal that railroad executives hold another meeting with the shippers were especially approved, the wording of the resolutions having included the following: "The shippers represented by this conference now propose to the carriers that the carriers Btibmit to the interstate commerce commission the propriety and reasonableness of the proposed increase, and that such increase be held in abeyance until that tribunal has passed upon the ques tion." o If the carrier fails to leave The Re publican at your address any day noti fy the office before noon and a spe cial messenger will deliver it. We expect subscribers to get their paper every day in tha year, and unless they advise us of. poor service we cannot properly serve them. PHONE MAIN 47. It is Crystallized Cactus Candy, That makes the world seem bright. Then keep a box handy Of Crystallized Canay To keep you feeling right And if there is a girl expecting I That you will call tonight. If you want a kiss that Is brim full of bliss, get A package of Crystallized Candy At Donofrioa'