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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, TUESDAY MORNING, JUNE 29, 1909.
3 v PDEMI 'If MOVEMENT lrfc REASON. FOR SUCCESS OF V .LATEST PROHIBITION WAVE. Man Behind th. Movement and Methods of Control. His 1 ' "New York. June 22. (Special Cor respondence of The Republican.) "In- twenty-five years there will not hto s legalised saloon in the United States," is the prediction of the Anti Saloon league, the organization which is righting in every state of the Union to secure, the enactment of prohibitory laws. "In twenty-five years the states that have adopted prohibition as a re - suit of the Anti-Saloon league's agi tation will have rescinded these laws and the league itself will be for-, gotten," reply the leading represen tatives of distilling and brewing in terests. It is Impossible, of course, to de vltle -which of these diametrically op posite interests, is the correct one. -The anti-saloon leaders base their hope of annihilating the saloon, so far as its sanction in law is con cerned, upon what they have accom plished already. Their opponents on the other hand point to the history of past prohibitory waves which have swept over the country, and then have .subsided leaving scarcely any trace of their temporarily wide effect. These two precedents form the only material on which the average man can base even a guess as to the pos sible course of events in connection with this subject. Even this method . provides no , exact basis of conjec ture, foe the present organized attack on the- liquor trade presents elements of strength and weakness not present in fjnner crusades. Kven the severest critics of the Anti-Saloon league admit that there has been during the past few years a. remarkable expansion in the extent if territory in which liquor selling is forbidden. Five of the southern status have outlawed the liquor traf fic by-, statutory prohibition. North Dakota, Kansas and Oklahoma have state prohibitory laws, in addition to Maine, which has remained steadily in the prohibition column throughout . the fluctuations of this movement for half a century. Many other states contain a large proportion of no license territory under the operation of local option laws. In all of these states the anti-saloon propaganda is Iwing carried steadily on by the train vd and salaried workers of the league. Taking into account the towns and counties in "wet" states that have adopted no-license, the claim of the league that over one-third of the pop ulation of the country is living under rohibitory laws at the present time seems to be well .within the facts. As to the extent to which these laws are iihiiupvad. ntithAriliiMz Hiffor Ohi'muu. ly there has not been a decrease of one-third in ' the consumption of liquor. More than fifty years ago an even greater proportion of the people of the United States had adopted pro hibition, apparently as a definite poli cy. That was during the "temperance wave" of 1850-55, when all the New Kngland states except . Massachusetts, besides New York. Delaware, Michi gan, Indiana and Iowa went "dry". At that time, it will be observed, the movement was strongest, roughly speaking, in the states where it is weakest now. It persisted for varying periods in these different states, but ultimately all of them, except Maine went back to the system of regulating the sale of liquor by law. There are some noteworthy differ ences between the movement that at tained such proportions in the early fifties an dthat of the present day. The earlier crusade was primarily a temperance campaign. It was an ap peal to the individual to stop the use of drink and was accompanied by the formation or many temperance so cieties and the signing of . the pledge by tens of thousands of rson The adoption of prohibition laws ' followed as a result of the change that took place, temporarily at least, in the con victions of a large proportion of the population. In thepre-sent campaign the procedure is exactly opposite. Ef fort is concentrated on. the enactment of prohibitory laws on the theory that if the sale of h'quor can be stopped by law fh individual -will be forced to practice abstention. The success of this theory depends ultimately upon the question whether prohibition is or can be fully enforced. The experi ment .' is youiig : il most states and there is abundant,, evidence that the laws are widely evaded as Is indi cated by the official revenue figures tfhich show the-- displacement of Iwer and the Jigfiter beverages in these suites by whiskey and similar liquors that can be transported and concealed e-tsily. The fact that the recent legislation against the liquor traffic has not been attended by any such expansion in the membership of the numerous tem perance societies or any such sudden dwrca.se in the consumption of liquor as the rapid transformation of whole states and wide stretches of territory would indicate, and actually has been accompanied by a decrease in the vot- As a rule it Is a safe practice not to put into the stomach any thing that is not nourishing and easy of digestion. 7IM WHEAT FLAKE CELERY is easily converted by the diges tive organs and supplies the nu tritive wants of all parts of the body. m ing strength of the "prohibition "jphrtypwdoratlon 't? sacrificed to that of se is surrlcient evidenceof some new and powerful factor in the contest against the legalized sale of liquor. For the explanation of this overmast ering force it is necessary to turn to the Anti-Saloon league and to the man who 1b the animating and direct ing power of the league Rev. Purley A. Baker. The success of the feague in assuming a dominant position in the fight for prohibition undoubtedly is due in large part to this one man, who assumes the modest title of gen eral superintendent of the league, but who in reality is the commander-in cluer or the iorces that are waging a country-wide fight against the saloon. Mr. Baker's early training was in the ministry, but in directing hi present work txt Jias .taken a leaf from the book of the captains of in dustry who have built up our great industrial combinations. From the league headquarters in. Columbus, Ohio, he dominates the prohibition movement today quite : as thoroughly as Mr. Harriman exercises his mast ery over the transportation business' of a large section of the country, or as Mr. Rockefeller imposes his will upon the oil industry. As in the case of the industrial magnates, too, the standard by which Mr. Baker's lieutenants must rise or fall is the thoroughly practical one of "results. The state or district superintendent who canrtut show results In the way of progress and financial support is likely to find himself deposed or transferred to some less important post. The league's opponents have made much of the fact that its agents are paid for conducting the anti-saloon agitation and that their livelihood depends upon its continu ance. But while this incentive to effort may not be based upon the loftiest grounds it has been found the most effective yet devised In accomplishing the league's objects. Nearly all the active workers of the Anti-Saloon league are clergymen. and, although not a denominational or religious movement, the agitation '1s carried .on through the churches.. In fact Mr. Baker and his associates may be said to have created a new profes sion for ministers in conducting the anti-saloon movement! As the field is broader' and the pay larger than fulls to the lot of most clergymen at the head of congregations, it haa been easy to attract some of the' ablest pulpit orators to this line of work. No attempt has been made to build up an individual membership for the league. Any church that ojiens its pulpit to league speakers and contrb- utes to its financial support usually by means of collections taken up at these special meetings is listed at the league headquarters among its allies. The very indefiniteness of the voting strength which it can rally makes, its threatened opposition more terrifying to the office-holder- hi many cases than would be that of an or ganization with a specified member ship. The various churches which. extend their hospitality to the orators of the league are entitled to a vote in the selection of state boards which act in an advisory capacity, but -the actual responsibility and authority. In carrying on the league' work in the various states rest with the state. superintendents. These are nominated by Mr. Baker, and as-thls nomination is practically equivalent to an elec tion the control -of the entire Cam paign from that of the national work ers down to the district superintend cnts working under the direction of the state leaders is concentrated in the national headquarters at Colum bus. It would be hard to devise a more powerffll machine for conducting a specialized campaign of this sort than has leen evolved by Mr. Baker in the Anti-Saloon league. The league is a self-constituted, self-centered, self continuing body. It cannot be dis rupted by a schism of its members because it has no members.' It is re sponsible only to itself and nobody can exercise any authority as to how it spends its money or conducts its work. Naturally enough this auto cratic plan or organization has sub jected the league to some criticism and attack. There have been charges of improper use of funds and of loose management. But Mr. Baker and his associates have steadily maintained the advantages of a form of control which makes it possible, to shape campaign plans without the . necessity of securing the approval of k commit-" tees, boards of trustees or a. E"uery scattered membership. "?iivt ' In any fight that the; league gogd into it assumes the leadership. If local organization of citizens cuATa ducting a, no-license campaign- degj-rrs-the aid of the league it mu3t AMr? in conjunction with the speakers -and workers assigned to., it" by the teagu headquarters and must contribute fir' ty per cent of the funds it Talsesr.-t-rj the league treasury. Jt tnese wrrmn are refused, as happened in, -one. 'of the county fights recently waged in Michigan, the league declines!, lo "par ticipate in-the struggle. Another' po sition that the league has adhr-red to steadily is that it will support .any eadidHte regardless of party ', who will pledge himself to; vote . for the measures which the league is seek4-ng to have enacted into law in his par ticular state. The candidate; need not hold in personal belief of 'Prac tice to the principles of prohiblttWo. All that the league exacts is a definite promise of support of its measures. As soon as this is received it begins an active campaign in behalf of the J candidate. Its speakers are put intqj the district to campaign in his' sup-1 port, speaking in the, churches wher- I ever possible; lists of church attend- ants are obtained and are circular-1 ized in his behalf, and no effort is j spared to secure every possible vote In his support. This plan has caused some criticism of the league because of the personal character of some of them men it has supported. The Kev. Dr. Peters, one of the most prominent workers for temperance and civic betterment in New York, recently declared in dignantly that "provided a man vote for their measures, he may be as cor rupt as possible elsewhere and yet re- ceive their commendation and sup port." The league leaders do not deny this. Mr. Baker's position is that ho is not concerned with the pur ification of politics or with any other fight except that for tne extermination of the saloon so far as legal enact ments can exterminate It. The lengue atlmits that I lure are other worthy causes, but so far as its own activi ties are-concerned every other con- . L - . curing miu-iiquor legislation, Another salient point in the cam paign methods of the Anti-Saloon league Is the adoption of up-to-date and even sensational methods of .arousing interest. Circulars, pam "phlets and personal letters are called Into ' play; billboards and fences are utilized for Blgns in glaring type; parades of . women and children are organized. " The old-time ' ''horrible example" is replaced by - toddling youngsters bearing. - signs reading "Vote to keep my papa from drink,' "Don't let the saloon ruin our homes,'4 and similar emblems. In some cases, however, these methords have been carried too far by over' zealous campaigners, as when the in mates of a Virginia orphan asylum were marshaled, in a procession as a living exhibit of the results of drink, a reflection on the character of the local community which its citizens promptly resented. Stereoptican lec (urea and moving picture, views are other up-to-date campaign instru ments adopted by the league. The Anti-Saloon league for the most part has refrained from joining forces with other bodies, holding that its one object of securing prohibitory leg islation might be endangered by such alliances. Between It and the pro lubition party there exists a percep tible coolness. The prohibitionists accuse the leaguers of sacrificing principles to policy while the latter retort that the third party leaders follow methods that are impractical and fail of accomplishing any ro suits of consequence. In New York the league strongly opposes the bill advocated by one of its former allies, the Committee of Fourteen, in the fight waged by the latter against the Raines Law hotels, and the chairman of the committee, himself a clergy man, criticised the league for sup porting "probably the most danger ously corrupt man in the entire as sembly (of New York) through whom all the iniquitous sneak-thief legisla tion of the railway corporations was introduced." Likewise an attempt to allign the forces opposed to child labor with the league fell through when it was shown that the statisitc oh- this subject widely distributed by the league, which charged that 1,600, 000'' children were forced into mills and factories by the laws permitting the sale of liquor were incorrect and that, more than for?y per cent of the children so employed were in prohibi tion states. As a result of the difficulties at tending attempted coalitions the league now, follows pretty consistent) a go-it-alone policy striving in every local contest to rally all possible ele ments of voting strength to its stand ard, but avoiding all permanent alli ances. Its position in the anti-saloon war is somewhat like that of the pro fessional evangelist who conducts re ligious revivals for the churches. When the fight Is won in one section its forces ' move on to another battle field, leaving the problem of main taining and enforcing the laws it has secured to the people of the communi ty concerned. While this sharp dividing line be tween - the - Anti-Saloon league and other organizations devoted to the temperance cause Is everywhere in ev- Jdence. tt has never, thus far at least. seriously crippled the vote-getting power of the league, und this, of course is the sole object for which it was est iblished. The real test of the league am! of the permanence of its work will come doubtless when the actual results of the laws which it has succeeded in placing on the stat ute books have become evident. Anyone contemplating spending the summer at Flagstaff will find all the modern conveniences and good service at Commercial Hotel. We keep all the Arizona papers on file. J. H. Dona hue, Mgr. SUMMER TERM OF THE PHOENIX ACADEMY. Opens Monday. June 28. Individual attention given deficient, backward or delicate pupils. Classes in English, classics, grades and high school sub jects. Night classes if desired. Chil dren's story hour opens Friday, July 2, half-past three until five o'clock. All the little ones welcomed. Fifth Ave nue and Adams St. ,RUpturo, fallen womb, deformity or mtf'ferersfrom other human ills, sub scribe 50c for Tetter's Natureaid Health Mlinizine and cure yourself. A re- atM .brings .ne free copy. 217 Mer cantile Itace, L.os Angeles, Cal. 1 1 1 1 nm i in 1 1 1 n i n 1 1 I SECOND HAND i T; MACHINERY f For Sale i The following Machinery Is T for sale. In good condition I One General Electric Co. Mo tor and Starting Box, 10 H. P. One Dynamo, S.C KW, 125 volts, 60 lights. One General Electric Co. Mo tor. . J H. P, 110 volU ' One General Electric Co. Mo tor, 3 H. JP, 600 volte. Two Electric Meter. Two Switches. Two Starting Boxes; they go with motors. Also a quantity of Shafting, Pulleys, etc., may be seen at Republican office, or at the ehop of I Kunz Bros- & t 1 ee see s . rTTTTTTinrTTTTT TP MARKET REPORTS BY PRIVATE WIRE New York, June 28. The market to day exhibited a rallying tendency un der the leadership of Reading, on which various j-eports are being circu lated with reference to a segregation plan for the company's holdings of coal properties, and higher priies are predicted for the issue. The activity for the most part was restricted to a few stocks and although the profes sional element was reported as await ing an opportunity to engineer a a selling movement, the pressure from this quarter was not pronounced and the list closed with a strong tone. The, money rates continue easy and London is reported as a moderate buyer, par ticularly of "S. P.,"' Atchison and the Steel issues. LOGAN & BRYAN. BOSTON COPPER. Boston, Mass. Juneo 28. A few or ders to buy stocks accumulated over Sunday helped the market at the open ing. The activity, however, soon sub sided and the balance of the day was the dullest yet seen. Underlying con ditions remained unchanged. The whole list will probably remain quiet until after July 4. Dividend disburse ment of 1200,000,000 will be made on July 1 and the investment of this amount of money should cause some activity In the market. Until all un certainties are out of the way we ad vise sales of stock on the rallies. Ray Extension deserves your prompt in vestigation. PAINE. WEBBER & CO. WHEAT. Chicago. June 28. Wheat closed about a cent lower for all months. The belief was general that the recognized bull leaders sold wheat In all months during the morning and this started quite general selling, resulting in low er prices, regardless of the news for the day, which was uniformly bullish. Liverpool was higher. Drouth contin ues to injure prospects of the new Ar gentine wheat crop. The Kansas yield is a light one. We continue to advise tho purchase of wheat on the breaks. CORN. They are not selling reserves, prob ably because of the wet weather, pos sibly because the reserves do not exist on any such scale as previously re ported. There has been a clearing up of the situation !n the corn trade. We prefer the buying side of the highly discounted months. LOGAN & BRYAN. WESTERN MINING STOCKS. Lake 21 Denn 1,' 4' Warren 2 '-4 Helvetia 5Vi Quincy 88 Niplssing 104 Green Cananea 10 Superior ft Pittsburg 14 M, Miami V Utah Consolidated 42 Old Dominion 53 North Butte .. .., ht FOR JUNE WEDDING PRESENTS nothing can be more desirable or ap propriate than the Teco or Van Brig- gle Pottery, on sale at the BIDE-A-WEE MISSION Furniture Sales Room, 33 Polk Street. "VIAVT representatives wanted for Pliocnix, Tcmpc and Mesa. Mrs. M. A. Stevens, Mgr. 42 N. Fourth Ave. HHII H H . .... I I1IIIIIIH' BUY WHERE YOU CAN SECURE THE The Hackett Market ... I Supplies the Best Meats. Try them and see. 31-33 E. Washington. I 8 1 I 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I I H 1 I i I I 1 I 111 1 ! HOLLENBECK HOTFL a. c. bilicke-los ANGELES, CAL.JNO- s- MITcHELI- ARIZONA HEADQUARTERS. New Fire-Proofing. 500 ROOMS Re-Furnished W-M-M 1 1 1 l-M-rHil'K T AUCTIONS HELD WE BUY AND SELL ANYTHING. GOODS SOLD ON COMMISSION. : W. W.HUTCHISON & SON 119 North First Ave. Standard Furniture Co. A, complete line of New and Second Hand Furniture, Rags. Crockery and Granltewsxe. WE SELL X Phone Main 167 HCTalumet & Arizona '.. 104 Butte Coalition , 25 Shannon 154 S hat tuck 18'4 Arizona Commercial ' 33fc Globe r::,:...t iv Black Mountain .....- '.. 96 Cumberland Ely . . .'. -. 1 Nevada Consolidated 23V Oiroux 7Vi National Extension 39 Superior & Boston 15 "4 Ray 167 Ray Central 3 Rav Extension 27 t Rawhide ; 23 Inspiration 7 -ft Gila 6 Chino $ Newhouse 1 FRANK J. O'BRIEN. Broker. . FUNERAL THIS MORNING The funeral of Chester II. Griggs will be he-Id this morning at 10 o'clock from the undertaking parlors of Mohn and Driscoll, tho interment being at Greenwood cemetery. BIDS WANTED. Hids, will be received up to July 10, 1909, at 12 o'clock, noon, for the pump ing plant at the south school building. Plant consists of pump, pump house, tower and 2, "AO-gallon tank, all in good, condition. The underground pipe is not for sale. Bids should be mailed to the undersigned. G. W. SII.VERTHORN. MORALES MERCANTILE CO. 244-246 E. Washington St. THE ARIZONA CLEANING WORKS. Mrs. Lilur Wilson, Prop. Phone B. 2021. 23.V E. Wash. St -M-l"ll"I"iI"i'I"l"l"l'I ilill H'lj For jjj f TRUNK, SUIT CASE J J TRAVELING BAG See the t COLLINGS VEHICLE AND HARNESS CO. First Door East of Hotel Adams LOOK OUT FOR SPECIALS TODAY. This is the place, sure, to get your meat at reasonable prices. FARMERS MUTUAL PROTEC TIVE ASS'N. 36 North 1st Ave. 11 1 '. I H M"H"1'H"M fr BEST Thone Main 132 i-H-W-l I 1 1 K H"riM"HiiH":"M- EVERY SATURDAY FOR LESS J4-S6 W. Washington. . . The usual symptoms of Scrofula are enlarged glands of the neefc. sores and ulcers on the body, skin affections, catarrhal troubles, weak eyes, and general poor health. The inherited poison, transmitted through the blood, pollutes and -weakens thi3 fluid, and in place of its nutritive qualities fills the circulation with scrofulous matter, which saps the vitality of the entire system. Thousands of children, bornwith a scrofulous taint, have spent their childhood in constant physical suffering, and grown to nanhood or womanhood handicapped by ill health and stunted growth, and perhaps later some disease of the bones or joints developed. S. S. S., given in their early life, would have prevented this. It would have cleansed and purified the blood of the taint, nourished and stengthened their systems, and assisted each to grow into strong, healthful manhood or womanhood. S. S. 8. 13 the very best remedy for Scrofula. It goes down to the bottom of the trouble, and cleanses the circulation of all scrofulous matter. It supplies the weak, diseased blood with strength and health-building qualities, and under the purifying effects of this great remedy all symptoms of Scrofula pass away. S. S. S. contains no minerals In any form, and is an absolutely safe treatment for children, even infants, or persons of any age. Literature about Scrofula and any medical advics freo- THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., ATLANTA, GA. SANTA CATALINA ISLAND. Season 1909. Free Camp Ground, with water. Great Canvas City. Good hotel accommodations. Porter's Catalina Marine Band. Great Fishing Tournaments. Boating, Bathing, Golf, Tennis, Coast Excursions, etc. T Write for folder giving complete Pacific Elect. Bids., Los Angeles, 4---H-:--H--:-,-5-fH i .M... t-H-i I MM II 1 t I I 1 I I III III flOOn ,T where you enjoy rrrt(jrri neat Quick and v none too good. - nnmrrvn YE BEN'S FRENCH KITCHEN. jJJJiMKX Phone Red 2021. Ii I i 1 1 1 I 1 I I ! 1 I I I I i"H-M J 1 ! .lHii-HH BCO I We earn- the best Meats obtainable. "We never : : sacrifice quality to make a low price. We use the : : utmost care in selecting our Meats. Prompt IT delivery. Independent t Phone Main 297. I1 t"I"l"l"l- H I'M H '1 M-H-MH M1 1 ml TOM'S AMERICAN KITCHEN Parties served with axtrm fine real Chinese China dishes. Private room and. family style when desired.. Tom does all his own pastry. For a good dinner on special occasions or at ordinary times come to Tora'a new American Kitchen. Regular meals. 25c. Short orders ail night. S3 North Center Street. Phoenix. Arizona. THE ENGLISH KITCHEN RESTAURANT 44-45 EA8T ADAMS STREET. Everything New, Nice and Clean. Private Family Dining Rooms. CHARLIE LING & CO. Prop. THE PHOENIX BAKERY Produces over 150 varieties of Bread, Cakes and Pastry every work ing day. A few favorite sorts: Spire Cup Cakes 15o do2. Macaron Tarts : 30c doz. Two leaver Cakes '. 25c each. Iio.t"n Crown Pread 10c Aimond Paste Coffee Cakes 25c each. Kran Bread 10c Delicious French Pastry 50c doz. BUTTER NUT 6 READ The best bread and the largest loaf 10c PHOENIX BAKERY & CONFECTIONERY. --.i. iooi. LQwira a a , r- i , w- --H-H-H-4H-WW-;- -H- i 1' BREAK THEM UP AND BRING Wo Fix 'em PHOENIX AUTO COMPANY. X Phon. Main 145. 34-36 E. Adams St. X H4-H--M-K!-H'H FOR UP TO DATE of Every Description CHOICEST as well as MEDIUM goods of best brands and grade. Don't Miss RULE-MATTHEWS GROCER CO. 230 East Washington St. . Phon. Main 3. ARIZONA SCHOOL OF MUSIC North Center St. I REMOVAL NOTICE. "P5"e are now in our new store and garage. Winton, Cadillac. Kessel-Kar and Oakland Autos. Indian, Reading Standard, Thor, Liglu and Merkel Motorcycles. Columbia, Light and Emblem Bikes. All makes of- Tires, Sundries, Oils, etc. Giva us a trial. 26 & 38 East Adams St. Arizona Motor Company THE CURE FOR information. Banning Co., 104 CaL - - M - - W - S - - 1 I I I I I I I I I M H 1 1 1 I H I T M I 1 I- TASTES DIFFERENT the meal. Everything clean and X courteous service. The best Is T 11 W. Washington SL t I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 M 1 I I Mi IHIIlt mtminiiii .HMi-H-H-- I VI CM 1 O Meat Market 1-3 West Washington St. -i i-M 11 i 'M"M"l I 1 I I III! I ! am clii tie, rron. mono m. . b . n . - H - H - - H' .;. w- THEM IN. at Jack's Place. -5- H"..r-H..M"H"-'j- GROCERIES Phoenix, Arizona