Newspaper Page Text
f 1AGE TW0
THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, SUNDAY MORNING-, APRIL 2, 1911. THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN .Published Every Day In the Tear by THE .ARIZONA' PUBLISHING COMPANY. B. W. HIGLHX President. SIMS ELY Becretary-Treasurer and General Manager. Exclusive Morning Associated Press Dispatches. Publication office: Corner Second end Adams Sts. Entered at the Postofflce at Phoe nix, Arizona, as mall matter of the second class. Address all communications to The Republican, Phoenix, Arizona. TELEPHONES: Consolidated Main 47 Overland, Business Office 42 Overland, City Editor 432 SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By mall, daily, ono year $9.00 By carrier, dally, "per month 75 Sundays only, one year 2.50 PHOENIX, ARIZONA. APRIL 2. 1911 The Question of Prohibition For the second time within a short period, the question of 'prohibition under the provisions of the local op tion law i. before the people of Phoe nix and of Maricopa county, and will be decided at the polls on the ISth of this month. Merely because a "prohibition fight' is always the nastiest of all political contests, is marked by the most rabid Intolerance on both sides, discloses more of the meanness of human na ture on both sides, and is provocative of the worst spirit in humanity, we should prefer to discuss other topics in the editorial columns of The Re publican. And in any case we will not be drawn Into championship of the fanatics of either side of the pending controversy there will be abundant Injury done to neighborly feeling, and there will be more than enough brakes placed upon the wheels of material progress, without any voluntary addition of fuel to the flames. There is no question which calls more urgently for calm, dispassionate: consideration than the question ot prohibition and, unfortunately, no question is considered so little from the standpoint of critical and analyti cal common sense. While a multitude of other ques tions will be- injected into the con troversy before the election, and the public mind will thereby suffer con fusion,, the- paramount question which" will be kept In mind by every cool headed voter is: Will prohibition prohibit? For the liquor traffic as a traffic. ,there is absolutely nothing to be said. If it were possible to wipe the traffic from the face of the earth, there would be no doubt as to the attitude which would be taken by the average citizen. The traffic would be 'suppressed by an overwhelming vote. But so long as the manufacture of Intoxicants is not restrained; so long as there is no restriction upon the shipment of intoxicants into any community, such efforts as may be made to control the traffic are pre cisely similar to man's efforts to control a river in flood. He may succeed at times in so diverting the waters that a "dry" section of land is preserved, but his- success in that direction depends ahvay3Upon local conditions. There are places where he may hope to keep the land "dry". There 'are other sections in which ail his toil is worse than wasted. And If attempt be made to dam the flood. disaster ' follows in time with cer tainty. - The' licensed -saloon can be sup pressed in Phoenix, of course. But would the. suppression of the saloon simply divert the liquor traffic Into' Irresponsible and lawless nands? This Is a question which r.o amount i . of denunciation of the liquor traffic as a traffic will even begin to an swer. Experience through more than two generations of the attempts to en force prohibition in the United States is not altogether encouraging, even under the best conditions. The wildly unreasonable prohibitionist and the rabid ..partisan of the liquor traffic both draw conclusions satisfactory to themselves, because neither is open to the convincing logic of fact and reason. The fact is, of course, that in some places prohibition is a pro nounced -success. In other places it is a-dismal failure. But there are some conclusions which the person anxiously in search of the truth, is bound tQ draw. One of these con clusion's Js, that prohibition is always a failure. In any community in which there Is not an absolutely over whelming sentiment in -Its. favor. And' of course we mean lasting sentiment a sentiment based upon fixed conviction and not upon the emotions, of the moment. Prohibition in the state of Kansas is measurably a success today, but only, after more than thirty years of constitutional inhibition of the liquor business. And it must be conceded that tills . success is only relative, when it is remembered that in the revenue district of Kansas-Oklahom both states having constitutional prohibition there are In force more than 2,600 federal licenses for the sale of liquor. Prohibition in Maine is such a failure that, after a cen tury of trial, the people are to vote shortly on an amendment to the con stitution so as to provide for license and regulation. In more than half the southern states which in recent years have adopted "state wide" prohi bition, the governors some of them elected on prohibition platforms are declaring that the experiment is a de plorable failure. If "state wide" prohibition Is here a success and there a failure, due to the condition of public sentiment, it is not to be wondered at that the data on the results of prohibition uu der local option are still Vnore con fusing to the superficial observer and furnish arguments convincing to the partisans of eitiier side, according to their bias of mind. The investigator who conscientiously searches for the truth is driven to one conclusion always in regard to the results of local option prohibi tion. He is bound to conclude that Its success or failure is determined invariably by local conditions. He finds that prohibition is generally a success in rural communities, and is therefore to be advocated as a policy for rural communities. He finds hat it is frequently a failure in cities and towns. In the light of unprejudiced obser vation elsewhere, and In the light of all the facts presented by conditions in Phoenix, what is the most reason able prophecy as to results here? Two facts stand out prominently. First there is not In Phoenix an overwhelming sentiment for prohibi tion. On the contrary, it is alto gether probable that there Is not even a majority for it. Second, we en counter a peculiar condition in this city which Is bound to seriously ham per any effort to suppress the sale of liquor. Tills condition is one which no careful citizen will overlook. We refer to our mixed population. Leaving to one side all considera tion of the unprincipled American who would engage in the illicit sale of liquor, we have to ' face the fact that we have scores of men In the community for whom ordinary im prisonment Is no punishment what ever. The federal authorities are busy with them at every term of court, inflicting confinement in the penitentiary for sale of liquor to In dians. Does any reasonable person believe that a mere sentence to Jail would deter them from engaging in the highly profitable business of "bootlegging"? As a matter of fact they would in the judgment of un prejudiced people gladly go to jail for half the time In order to be free the other half to sell poisonous liquor to men and boys In the alleys. In short, it is the old and ever lasting question which bothcrB good citizens everywhere the question whether abandonment of the policy of rigidly regulating the liquor traffic is succeeded by a much worse condition This question will not be settled in Phoenix by Inflammatory speeches and newspaper articles, nor by denuncia tion as "bad citizens" of the men who hesitate to accept the dictum that abolition of the saloon will abolish the liquor evil. o A Means of Education Collier's In the current issue seems to acquiesce in a statement by Wai lace Irwin in the course of a series of articles on -American newspapers that readers of thor Hearst papers read up, through and out of them That is, the Hearst papers constitute a primary courstor newspaper read ers who become educated to a point where they will demand something beyond. May it not be true also that the lower grade of muck raking mag azines, which appeal to popular pas sion and prejudice by concealing the merits of one side of a controversy, magnifying its demerits as well as the merits of the other side, will finally educate its readers to a point beyond Its power to Instruct or rather, to deceive them further? For Instance, when a magazine, takes .the recent supreme court decision in the bank guaranty case and "construes the opinion handed down to mean that where an act supported by prepon derant public opinion is found to be In conflict wlththe constitution, the constitution must yield when we say. a magazine thus pretends to trumpet a victory for "the people", Is there not danger that its more intelligent readers will come to believe' that they have "read up and through. It"? The people of the United States have stood for a great deal of printed folly within the last decade. They have not only stood for it .but liave seemed to like it, but we trust, as Ir win says and Collier's believes, that the seed of common sense, is, still alive and that when the muck becomes suf ficiently filthy, nauseating and rich. the seed will germinate and send sprouts up through and beyond. o After so long a term of almost su preme power Speaker Cannon could not have been expected to be content There Is more Catarrh In this section of the country than all otter diseases put together, anil uutil the last tew years was supposed to be Incurable. For a great many years doctors pronounced It a local disease and prescribed local remedies, and by constantly falling to cure with local treatment, pronounced It Incurable. Science has proven Catarrh to be a constitutional dis ease, and therefore requires constitutional treatment. Hairs Catarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co.. Toledo. Ohio, is Lie only constitutional cure on the market. It Is taken Internally In doses from 10 drops to a teaspoonfuL It acts directly on the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. They offer one hundred dollars for any case It falls (o cure. Send lor circulars and testimonials. Address: F. J. CHEWEY & CO.. Toledo. Ohio. Sold by Druggists. 5c Take Hall's FamLy Pills for constipation. with tlic empty honor of the minority leadership'. o The innocent bystanders- likely to be most vitally affected by the approach ing special session are Arizona and the American Wool grower. - o LITTLE JAMES (Concerning the Blighting Effect of the Reclamation Act.) "I never seen." sez my Paw last nite when he come Home an drunk th' Hydrant Dry, "any Grate Enter prize wicli so Utterly Failed of its Purpous as this here Reklymashun Service has. I don't wonder at it's been Attackt by the Los Anglous Times as Incompytent an' Designed to Waist th Public Munny with Worser'n no Results atall. "We all S'posed at It was Intended to Pervide Moisture fer th' Salt River Value so's to Eunable us to Raze 10 Crops of Alfalfa where only 5 Grode before: 'at It was intended to Crowd Back th' Dessert to the ft. hills an' even up the Mounting Sides; 'at it was to convert Marry Copy county into a Parrydise till it lookt like a Grate Emmyrald with Feenlx like a Priceless Jool sat in the Cen ter. "But jest see how fur it's Fell Short of our Expeetashuns. We've spent most ten milyun Dollars an' fer what? To Crowd Back an' Repress th' Des sert into more Narrower Llmmyta shuns? O. no my Countrymen, but fer to Create a Sahalry Rite here In our Mist, Dessolate Beyond th Dreams of Avyrice. as Dreer as th land 'Ore which th Sphai's Hoof lias trod',- as th Pote has sed. "Werever th. Reklymashun Service sets up a camp It Blisters th' Coun try fer Jlst Six Mile around it. Th' Butifle City of Feenlx now sets in wun of them Offal Sollytudes wich has been Created by the Reklymashun Servis. Where wunst Plenty Smiled an' there was joy an' Hilarity, they aint now nothin but th' Mones of them 'at is Purrishun of Thirst an' Wastin away what little Strenth they have left Cussln th' Day when this here Blite in th' Glze of a Blessln' fell onto th' Land. Th' only Reieef 'at Is afforded th' Dwellers In this Dreadfie six-mile Area Is th Miridges wich Springs into vue but wen we rush Toards 'em they DIsappeer an' we heer fum Sorneres a Mockin' Lafter an' where we seen th Miridfce they ain't nothin' but Crollin' Snaiks an' Mebbe a Pink Kow. I seen 2 o them Miridges this Af ternoon. Th' first wun. I was shure. was a Laik of Fomin' Annizer Beer, but wen I gently Aproched It at th' Rate of 20 Miles a Hour, it Vanlsht an' wasnt there atall. Then I seen a Most Butifle Site wich seemed to be only a fuev yards ahed. Under a Spreddin Shade tree, I seen more'n a Duzzent Large Silver Vessels filled with Crakt Ice from wich Pertruded th Xex of a grate many Shampagny Bottles an wen I Strolled to th' Spot Where I seen this Vishun, they wasnt no tree or Nothin'. It was jest a Miridge wich had loored me Into Workin' up a Bigger Thirst n I had before wicli God Knows was full Size. It was a Sad Day when this here ReWymashun Ack become a Law -an' we was led to B'leeve it was goin to make th' Dessert Blossom as th' Jtose. Th' Reel Effeck of it is at Wun cant even Raise a Blossom on his nose no more. 'James, Tellyfoam to 'em down to in woiier wore to put on more Presshure. I want to Malk wun more Vain an' Footiie Effort to Aswage this here Offal Thirst wiiioh has been Conferred onto me by a Paternal Guverment." LITTLE JAMES. o Current Comment Salaries Here and In England. The salary of the president of the United States steel corporation has been cut In half, and yet even the reduced pay would be considered a big allowance for the average Euro pean in high position. There are hundreds of men In this country who draw pay in five figures. Mr. Schwab was a veritable king among tills class. In addition to his JS00.000 annual salary, he held some $20,000,- 000 worth of stock in the billion dol lar concern of which he was head His Income at one time was more than $5,000 a day, or more money than he mado in a yeur only a short time previous to his elevation. No wonder that he could afford the luxury of palatial mansions at Pitts burg, Braddock and Loretto, the lat ter ills home town, where as a boy he had been glad to do farm work for a few cents a day, and later to carry malls between that place and Cresson. In Europe, such salaries are so very rare that one can count them on the fingers of one's hand. Not a single one of them goes beyond an eighth of Mr. Schwab's recent sti pend, which was more than the pay of the entire British cabinet. En glishmen are not, however, altogeiher Unfamiliar with salaries that are reckoned In five figures. The lord lieutenant of Ireland draws $100, 000 annually, but he has to spend much more than that to maintain his great office. According to re cords, Lord Dudley expended more than twice that sum. The Arch bishop of York has a salary of $75,- 000, while the Archbishop of Catr terbury, the Bishop of London, and It Is Said " that "cash is the axle grease of busi-.-- ness." The wheels of trade cannot go i round without that lubricant the . coin. j Some people will never have it un less they start systematically to save. Our plan will start you right. y The Valley Bank of Phoenix 'Jsh2 A. L. BOEHMER Busy Drug Store Superior Quality EASTER wili soon be here. The Pleasure 20 W. Adams St. the lord chancellor are obliged to worn- along on a bare $50,000 a year each. A half dozen or so of English shipping kings also have similar In- comes. Colonial governors also are well paid: -Lord Dudley in Austral- ia and Earl Grey In Canada, each having annually $50,000 to sym.t. The viceroy of India draws more than double that amount. The world of law ' Is exceptionally rich in fat salaries in England, and the Judges are far better paid than here. The English attorney general has $35,000 a year, and the solicitor general $30,000; both, however, have additional fees. Then there are five English judges with $30,000 each, and no fewer than thirty other Judges of the supreme court who receive $25,000 annually. The same amount is paid to but ono Scottisli judge, and the Scottisli lord advocate as well as the attorney general and lord chief justice of Ireland. The report quotes thirty-eight English lawyers each of whom has an Income of $26,500 a year. Churchmen do not fare quite so well, only nine receiving $25,000 and over. Including two archbishops and the Bishop of London. The Bishop of Durham has $25,000. There was a time when lie had an Income of $350,000 a year, and he was then the most richly gilded officer in England. Ten members of the British cabinet have to share annually $275,000 among them, while eight others en joy an aggregate revenue of $102,000. Continental European countries do not pay large salaries, and amounts which here, and partly also in En gland, are not surprising would in frugal Germany or in poverty-stricken Austria seem like tales from the Arabian Nights Washington Herald. o BASQUE SHEPHERDS. The 150 Basque Immigrants who landed at Ellis Island the other day will be met in Montana and elsewhere in the sheep raising country of the far west by people of their own race, and great flocks of pure bred merino sheep will present a familiar sight. Even the country itself will remind them of their native provinces in the north of Spain. Basque shepherds are in demand in the Cordilleran states on account of their knowledge of the habits and ail ments peculiar to the merino. Nearly one-half of all the sheep In the United States are grazed on the Cordilleran pleateau on Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Nevada and Idaho. The sheep raising Industry is extensive also in the mountain districts of the three Pacific coast states. Except in the Cordilleran country sheep raising is an incident of general farming, and as it is conducted quite as much for mutton as lor wool cross bred stock is pre ferred. In the wool growing states of PURE FRESH iFRATE of CITRATE OF MAG NESIA A substitute for Salts, Castor OH and other nasty tasting laxatives or purgatives. It has a very pleas ant taste and its effer vescent character ren ders it a very agree able and refreshing drink. A useful remedy for torpid liver, heartburn, headache. dyspepsia and biliousness. DOES NOT GRIPE. good word is select early, to show goods. PHOENIX ARIZ. I the far west, among which Montana and Wyoming occupy first rank, flocks of 5-000 u 15.00 merino sheep are not I , The occupation of herding such fIocks with a few companions in wild mountain regions during the summer Is familiar work to the Basque. While his swarms of hoofed locusts," to borrow a phrase from John Muir, crop every green thing within their reach he keeps a sharp lookout for signs of bear, as he was accustomed to do in the Pyrenees. Bears are fond of mutton and levy a heavy toll on every flock driven Into the mountains. They come to the cor ral a night and in the course of each visit numbers of sheep are suffocated to death through the crowding of the flock against the corral wall. The mountain shepherd must be able to shoot straight at four-footed marauders that advance boldly out of the brush in the daytime, and at night he must be ready to take turns with his com panions In keeping up a circle of fires around the sheepfold. The life of some of our Basque immi grants during a great part of the year is hardly less primitive than the language they speak. That language, a survivaj from the neolithic, pre-Aryan age in Europe, seems bound to disap pear, as the seclusion of the Pyrenean provinces has of late been disturbed by a notable mining and industrial de velopment. Our own semi-arid Cor dilleran plateau is likewise emerging from pastoral conditions. There Irri gation is making Intensive farming profitable in numberless valleys, the rich lands of which are now taken up by sheep and cattle ranches. These lands will presently become too valuable for grazing and must eventually be the seat of a dense ag ricultural trading and industrial popu lation. The lumber industry of the re gion is expanding rapidly under the stimulus of railway building and new mines are constantly being opened. Will the great herds of sheep and cat tle which have retreated from the prai ries Into the Cordilleran highland be able to subsist there permanently? New York Sun. Do you need a Trunk, Suit Case or Bag? If so, come in and let us show you ours. We use three-ply veneer lumber in all our better grades; make all our own trunks and guarantee them to wear better tlian you can buy else where. Phoenix Trunk Factory 433 W. Washington. Phone Red 8394. fc ill LIGHT YOUR HOME WITH Electricity GAS USE Heat and Fuel PACIFIC GAS & fir ! Castle Hot Springs Fifty milea north of Phoenix and reached by daily, automobile from Hot Springs Junction or by auto mobile from Phoenix, ia the Castle Hot Springs Hotel, the best winter hotel in Arizona. Incom parable attractions in the healing waters and pleas ant surroundings. Just the place to rest and recu perate and enjoy life to the fullest. For detaili write the Hotel Manager, ' i m THE BIG LUMBER Now going on at the Buckeye Lumber Yard means a savingof $2.50 to $5.00 per thousand on every thing jpon't overlook this opportunity. You can buy the lumber to build a home for less money than ever before in the city of Phoenix. Let us figure your bill. Special prices in car lots. I Buckeye Lumber Co. THE COOKING IS California 33 North English Kitchen Restaurant Is Cnur First and Stewart In" : fjJ ' ' , - - vtfilULb TIRES Bicycles and Sundries iu r-. j E-M-F Notice m mmm A CRACKED CYLINDER. FOR REPAIRS CALL ON .... . . Kunz Bros & Messenger Mithln Warks Tw Blocks South of Court Hquii Tuberclecide Cures Tuberculosis It will coat you nothing to Investigate the cases which havs cured. That Is all we ask. You owe that much to yourself. Offices:, 407-8 National Bank of Arizona Building, Phoenix. FOR ELECTRIC COMPANY J Hot Springs, 'Arizona. DIFFERENT AT THE Restaurant Firnt Avenue Ain ttrMf. & Tern pi in Phont Mnlnlta CADILLAC AND STUDEBAKER AUTOMOBILES. Garage. Supplies and Repairing! iRIZONi MOTOfi C0MP1NY 36 & 38 E. Adams St. Both Phones. 1 SALE TO GASOLINE ENGINE USERS DRAIN YOUR ENGINE WATER JACKETS THESE COLD NIGHTS, OR YOU WILL HAVE 5?