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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, April 02, 1911, Image 2

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.Published Every Day In the Tear by
Becretary-Treasurer and General
Exclusive Morning Associated Press
Publication office: Corner Second
end Adams Sts.
Entered at the Postofflce at Phoe
nix, Arizona, as mall matter of the
second class.
Address all communications to The
Republican, Phoenix, Arizona.
Consolidated Main 47
Overland, Business Office 42
Overland, City Editor 432
By mall, daily, ono year $9.00
By carrier, dally, "per month 75
Sundays only, one year 2.50
The Question of Prohibition
For the second time within a short
period, the question of 'prohibition
under the provisions of the local op
tion law i. before the people of Phoe
nix and of Maricopa county, and will
be decided at the polls on the ISth
of this month.
Merely because a "prohibition fight'
is always the nastiest of all political
contests, is marked by the most rabid
Intolerance on both sides, discloses
more of the meanness of human na
ture on both sides, and is provocative
of the worst spirit in humanity, we
should prefer to discuss other topics
in the editorial columns of The Re
publican. And in any case we will
not be drawn Into championship of
the fanatics of either side of the
pending controversy there will be
abundant Injury done to neighborly
feeling, and there will be more than
enough brakes placed upon the wheels
of material progress, without any
voluntary addition of fuel to the
There is no question which calls
more urgently for calm, dispassionate:
consideration than the question ot
prohibition and, unfortunately, no
question is considered so little from
the standpoint of critical and analyti
cal common sense.
While a multitude of other ques
tions will be- injected into the con
troversy before the election, and the
public mind will thereby suffer con
fusion,, the- paramount question which"
will be kept In mind by every cool
headed voter is:
Will prohibition prohibit?
For the liquor traffic as a traffic.
,there is absolutely nothing to be
said. If it were possible to wipe
the traffic from the face of the earth,
there would be no doubt as to the
attitude which would be taken by the
average citizen. The traffic would
be 'suppressed by an overwhelming
But so long as the manufacture
of Intoxicants is not restrained; so
long as there is no restriction upon
the shipment of intoxicants into any
community, such efforts as may be
made to control the traffic are pre
cisely similar to man's efforts to
control a river in flood. He may
succeed at times in so diverting the
waters that a "dry" section of land
is preserved, but his- success in that
direction depends ahvay3Upon local
conditions. There are places where
he may hope to keep the land "dry".
There 'are other sections in which ail
his toil is worse than wasted. And If
attempt be made to dam the flood.
disaster ' follows in time with cer
tainty. -
The' licensed -saloon can be sup
pressed in Phoenix, of course.
But would the. suppression of the
saloon simply divert the liquor traffic
Into' Irresponsible and lawless nands?
This Is a question which r.o amount
i .
of denunciation of the liquor traffic
as a traffic will even begin to an
Experience through more than two
generations of the attempts to en
force prohibition in the United States
is not altogether encouraging, even
under the best conditions. The wildly
unreasonable prohibitionist and the
rabid ..partisan of the liquor traffic
both draw conclusions satisfactory
to themselves, because neither is open
to the convincing logic of fact and
reason. The fact is, of course, that
in some places prohibition is a pro
nounced -success. In other places it
is a-dismal failure. But there are
some conclusions which the person
anxiously in search of the truth, is
bound tQ draw. One of these con
clusion's Js, that prohibition is always
a failure. In any community in which
there Is not an absolutely over
whelming sentiment in -Its. favor.
And' of course we mean lasting
sentiment a sentiment based upon
fixed conviction and not upon the
emotions, of the moment.
Prohibition in the state of Kansas
is measurably a success today, but
only, after more than thirty years of
constitutional inhibition of the liquor
business. And it must be conceded
that tills . success is only relative,
when it is remembered that in the
revenue district of Kansas-Oklahom
both states having constitutional
prohibition there are In force more
than 2,600 federal licenses for the
sale of liquor. Prohibition in Maine
is such a failure that, after a cen
tury of trial, the people are to vote
shortly on an amendment to the con
stitution so as to provide for license
and regulation. In more than half
the southern states which in recent
years have adopted "state wide" prohi
bition, the governors some of them
elected on prohibition platforms are
declaring that the experiment is a de
plorable failure.
If "state wide" prohibition Is here a
success and there a failure, due to
the condition of public sentiment, it
is not to be wondered at that the
data on the results of prohibition uu
der local option are still Vnore con
fusing to the superficial observer and
furnish arguments convincing to the
partisans of eitiier side, according to
their bias of mind.
The investigator who conscientiously
searches for the truth is driven to
one conclusion always in regard to
the results of local option prohibi
tion. He is bound to conclude that
Its success or failure is determined
invariably by local conditions. He
finds that prohibition is generally a
success in rural communities, and is
therefore to be advocated as a policy
for rural communities. He finds
hat it is frequently a failure in cities
and towns.
In the light of unprejudiced obser
vation elsewhere, and In the light of
all the facts presented by conditions
in Phoenix, what is the most reason
able prophecy as to results here?
Two facts stand out prominently.
First there is not In Phoenix an
overwhelming sentiment for prohibi
tion. On the contrary, it is alto
gether probable that there Is not even
a majority for it. Second, we en
counter a peculiar condition in this
city which Is bound to seriously ham
per any effort to suppress the sale
of liquor. Tills condition is one
which no careful citizen will overlook.
We refer to our mixed population.
Leaving to one side all considera
tion of the unprincipled American
who would engage in the illicit sale
of liquor, we have to ' face the fact
that we have scores of men In the
community for whom ordinary im
prisonment Is no punishment what
ever. The federal authorities are
busy with them at every term of
court, inflicting confinement in the
penitentiary for sale of liquor to In
dians. Does any reasonable person
believe that a mere sentence to Jail
would deter them from engaging in
the highly profitable business of
"bootlegging"? As a matter of fact
they would in the judgment of un
prejudiced people gladly go to jail
for half the time In order to be free
the other half to sell poisonous liquor
to men and boys In the alleys.
In short, it is the old and ever
lasting question which bothcrB good
citizens everywhere the question
whether abandonment of the policy of
rigidly regulating the liquor traffic is
succeeded by a much worse condition
This question will not be settled in
Phoenix by Inflammatory speeches and
newspaper articles, nor by denuncia
tion as "bad citizens" of the men who
hesitate to accept the dictum that
abolition of the saloon will abolish
the liquor evil.
A Means of Education
Collier's In the current issue seems
to acquiesce in a statement by Wai
lace Irwin in the course of a series
of articles on -American newspapers
that readers of thor Hearst papers
read up, through and out of them
That is, the Hearst papers constitute
a primary courstor newspaper read
ers who become educated to a point
where they will demand something
beyond. May it not be true also that
the lower grade of muck raking mag
azines, which appeal to popular pas
sion and prejudice by concealing the
merits of one side of a controversy,
magnifying its demerits as well as the
merits of the other side, will finally
educate its readers to a point beyond
Its power to Instruct or rather, to
deceive them further? For Instance,
when a magazine, takes .the recent
supreme court decision in the bank
guaranty case and "construes the
opinion handed down to mean that
where an act supported by prepon
derant public opinion is found to be
In conflict wlththe constitution, the
constitution must yield when we say.
a magazine thus pretends to trumpet
a victory for "the people", Is there
not danger that its more intelligent
readers will come to believe' that they
have "read up and through. It"?
The people of the United States
have stood for a great deal of printed
folly within the last decade. They
have not only stood for it .but liave
seemed to like it, but we trust, as Ir
win says and Collier's believes, that
the seed of common sense, is, still alive
and that when the muck becomes suf
ficiently filthy, nauseating and rich.
the seed will germinate and send
sprouts up through and beyond.
After so long a term of almost su
preme power Speaker Cannon could
not have been expected to be content
There Is more Catarrh In this section of the country
than all otter diseases put together, anil uutil the last
tew years was supposed to be Incurable. For a great
many years doctors pronounced It a local disease and
prescribed local remedies, and by constantly falling
to cure with local treatment, pronounced It Incurable.
Science has proven Catarrh to be a constitutional dis
ease, and therefore requires constitutional treatment.
Hairs Catarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. Cheney
& Co.. Toledo. Ohio, is Lie only constitutional cure on
the market. It Is taken Internally In doses from 10
drops to a teaspoonfuL It acts directly on the blood
and mucous surfaces of the system. They offer one
hundred dollars for any case It falls (o cure. Send
lor circulars and testimonials.
Address: F. J. CHEWEY & CO.. Toledo. Ohio.
Sold by Druggists. 5c
Take Hall's FamLy Pills for constipation.
with tlic empty honor of the minority
The innocent bystanders- likely to be
most vitally affected by the approach
ing special session are Arizona and
the American Wool grower.
- o
(Concerning the Blighting Effect of
the Reclamation Act.)
"I never seen." sez my Paw last
nite when he come Home an drunk
th' Hydrant Dry, "any Grate Enter
prize wicli so Utterly Failed of its
Purpous as this here Reklymashun
Service has. I don't wonder at it's
been Attackt by the Los Anglous
Times as Incompytent an' Designed to
Waist th Public Munny with Worser'n
no Results atall.
"We all S'posed at It was Intended
to Pervide Moisture fer th' Salt River
Value so's to Eunable us to Raze
10 Crops of Alfalfa where only 5
Grode before: 'at It was intended to
Crowd Back th' Dessert to the ft.
hills an' even up the Mounting Sides;
'at it was to convert Marry Copy
county into a Parrydise till it lookt
like a Grate Emmyrald with Feenlx
like a Priceless Jool sat in the Cen
ter. "But jest see how fur it's Fell Short
of our Expeetashuns. We've spent
most ten milyun Dollars an' fer what?
To Crowd Back an' Repress th' Des
sert into more Narrower Llmmyta
shuns? O. no my Countrymen, but fer to
Create a Sahalry Rite here In our
Mist, Dessolate Beyond th Dreams of
Avyrice. as Dreer as th land 'Ore
which th Sphai's Hoof lias trod',-
as th Pote has sed.
"Werever th. Reklymashun Service
sets up a camp It Blisters th' Coun
try fer Jlst Six Mile around it. Th'
Butifle City of Feenlx now sets in
wun of them Offal Sollytudes wich
has been Created by the Reklymashun
Servis. Where wunst Plenty Smiled
an' there was joy an' Hilarity, they
aint now nothin but th' Mones of
them 'at is Purrishun of Thirst an'
Wastin away what little Strenth
they have left Cussln th' Day when
this here Blite in th' Glze of a Blessln'
fell onto th' Land.
Th' only Reieef 'at Is afforded th'
Dwellers In this Dreadfie six-mile
Area Is th Miridges wich Springs into
vue but wen we rush Toards 'em they
DIsappeer an' we heer fum Sorneres a
Mockin' Lafter an' where we seen th
Miridfce they ain't nothin' but Crollin'
Snaiks an' Mebbe a Pink Kow.
I seen 2 o them Miridges this Af
ternoon. Th' first wun. I was shure.
was a Laik of Fomin' Annizer Beer,
but wen I gently Aproched It at th'
Rate of 20 Miles a Hour, it Vanlsht
an' wasnt there atall. Then I seen
a Most Butifle Site wich seemed to
be only a fuev yards ahed. Under a
Spreddin Shade tree, I seen more'n a
Duzzent Large Silver Vessels filled
with Crakt Ice from wich Pertruded
th Xex of a grate many Shampagny
Bottles an wen I Strolled to th' Spot
Where I seen this Vishun, they wasnt
no tree or Nothin'. It was jest a
Miridge wich had loored me Into
Workin' up a Bigger Thirst n I had
before wicli God Knows was full
It was a Sad Day when this here
ReWymashun Ack become a Law -an'
we was led to B'leeve it was goin to
make th' Dessert Blossom as th' Jtose.
Th' Reel Effeck of it is at Wun
cant even Raise a Blossom on his
nose no more.
'James, Tellyfoam to 'em down to
in woiier wore to put on more
Presshure. I want to Malk wun
more Vain an' Footiie Effort to
Aswage this here Offal Thirst wiiioh
has been Conferred onto me by a
Paternal Guverment."
Current Comment
Salaries Here and In England.
The salary of the president of the
United States steel corporation has
been cut In half, and yet even the
reduced pay would be considered a
big allowance for the average Euro
pean in high position. There are
hundreds of men In this country
who draw pay in five figures. Mr.
Schwab was a veritable king among
tills class. In addition to his JS00.000
annual salary, he held some $20,000,-
000 worth of stock in the billion dol
lar concern of which he was head
His Income at one time was more
than $5,000 a day, or more money
than he mado in a yeur only a short
time previous to his elevation. No
wonder that he could afford the
luxury of palatial mansions at Pitts
burg, Braddock and Loretto, the lat
ter ills home town, where as a boy
he had been glad to do farm work
for a few cents a day, and later to
carry malls between that place and
In Europe, such salaries are so
very rare that one can count them
on the fingers of one's hand. Not a
single one of them goes beyond an
eighth of Mr. Schwab's recent sti
pend, which was more than the pay
of the entire British cabinet. En
glishmen are not, however, altogeiher
Unfamiliar with salaries that are
reckoned In five figures. The lord
lieutenant of Ireland draws $100,
000 annually, but he has to spend
much more than that to maintain
his great office. According to re
cords, Lord Dudley expended more
than twice that sum. The Arch
bishop of York has a salary of $75,-
000, while the Archbishop of Catr
terbury, the Bishop of London, and
It Is Said
" that "cash is the axle grease of busi-.--
ness." The wheels of trade cannot go
i round without that lubricant the
. coin. j
Some people will never have it un
less they start systematically to save.
Our plan will start you right.
The Valley Bank
of Phoenix 'Jsh2
wili soon be here. The
20 W.
Adams St.
the lord chancellor are obliged to
worn- along on a bare $50,000 a year
each. A half dozen or so of English
shipping kings also have similar In-
comes. Colonial governors also are
well paid: -Lord Dudley in Austral-
ia and Earl Grey In Canada, each
having annually $50,000 to sym.t.
The viceroy of India draws more
than double that amount.
The world of law ' Is exceptionally
rich in fat salaries in England, and
the Judges are far better paid than
here. The English attorney general
has $35,000 a year, and the solicitor
general $30,000; both, however, have
additional fees. Then there are five
English judges with $30,000 each, and
no fewer than thirty other Judges
of the supreme court who receive
$25,000 annually. The same amount
is paid to but ono Scottisli judge, and
the Scottisli lord advocate as well as
the attorney general and lord chief
justice of Ireland. The report quotes
thirty-eight English lawyers each of
whom has an Income of $26,500 a
Churchmen do not fare quite so
well, only nine receiving $25,000 and
over. Including two archbishops and
the Bishop of London. The Bishop
of Durham has $25,000. There was
a time when lie had an Income of
$350,000 a year, and he was then the
most richly gilded officer in England.
Ten members of the British cabinet
have to share annually $275,000
among them, while eight others en
joy an aggregate revenue of $102,000.
Continental European countries do
not pay large salaries, and amounts
which here, and partly also in En
gland, are not surprising would in
frugal Germany or in poverty-stricken
Austria seem like tales from the
Arabian Nights Washington Herald.
The 150 Basque Immigrants who
landed at Ellis Island the other day
will be met in Montana and elsewhere
in the sheep raising country of the far
west by people of their own race, and
great flocks of pure bred merino sheep
will present a familiar sight. Even the
country itself will remind them of their
native provinces in the north of Spain.
Basque shepherds are in demand in
the Cordilleran states on account of
their knowledge of the habits and ail
ments peculiar to the merino.
Nearly one-half of all the sheep In
the United States are grazed on the
Cordilleran pleateau on Montana,
Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico,
Arizona, Utah, Nevada and Idaho. The
sheep raising Industry is extensive also
in the mountain districts of the three
Pacific coast states. Except in the
Cordilleran country sheep raising is an
incident of general farming, and as it
is conducted quite as much for mutton
as lor wool cross bred stock is pre
ferred. In the wool growing states of
NESIA A substitute for Salts,
Castor OH and other
nasty tasting laxatives
or purgatives.
It has a very pleas
ant taste and its effer
vescent character ren
ders it a very agree
able and refreshing
A useful remedy for
torpid liver, heartburn,
headache. dyspepsia
and biliousness.
good word is select early,
to show goods.
I the far west, among which Montana
and Wyoming occupy first rank, flocks
of 5-000 u 15.00 merino sheep are not
I , The occupation of herding such
fIocks with a few companions in wild
mountain regions during the summer Is
familiar work to the Basque. While his
swarms of hoofed locusts," to borrow
a phrase from John Muir, crop every
green thing within their reach he keeps
a sharp lookout for signs of bear, as he
was accustomed to do in the Pyrenees.
Bears are fond of mutton and levy a
heavy toll on every flock driven Into
the mountains. They come to the cor
ral a night and in the course of each
visit numbers of sheep are suffocated
to death through the crowding of the
flock against the corral wall. The
mountain shepherd must be able to
shoot straight at four-footed marauders
that advance boldly out of the brush
in the daytime, and at night he must
be ready to take turns with his com
panions In keeping up a circle of fires
around the sheepfold.
The life of some of our Basque immi
grants during a great part of the year
is hardly less primitive than the
language they speak. That language, a
survivaj from the neolithic, pre-Aryan
age in Europe, seems bound to disap
pear, as the seclusion of the Pyrenean
provinces has of late been disturbed by
a notable mining and industrial de
velopment. Our own semi-arid Cor
dilleran plateau is likewise emerging
from pastoral conditions. There Irri
gation is making Intensive farming
profitable in numberless valleys, the
rich lands of which are now taken up
by sheep and cattle ranches.
These lands will presently become
too valuable for grazing and must
eventually be the seat of a dense ag
ricultural trading and industrial popu
lation. The lumber industry of the re
gion is expanding rapidly under the
stimulus of railway building and new
mines are constantly being opened.
Will the great herds of sheep and cat
tle which have retreated from the prai
ries Into the Cordilleran highland be
able to subsist there permanently?
New York Sun.
Do you need a
Trunk, Suit Case
or Bag? If so,
come in and let
us show you ours.
We use three-ply
veneer lumber in
all our better grades; make all our
own trunks and guarantee them to
wear better tlian you can buy else
where. Phoenix Trunk
433 W. Washington. Phone Red 8394.
Heat and Fuel
Castle Hot Springs
Fifty milea north of Phoenix and reached by daily,
automobile from Hot Springs Junction or by auto
mobile from Phoenix, ia the Castle Hot Springs
Hotel, the best winter hotel in Arizona. Incom
parable attractions in the healing waters and pleas
ant surroundings. Just the place to rest and recu
perate and enjoy life to the fullest. For detaili
write the Hotel Manager,
' i m
Now going on at the Buckeye Lumber Yard means
a savingof $2.50 to $5.00 per thousand on every
thing jpon't overlook this opportunity. You can
buy the lumber to build a home for less money than
ever before in the city of Phoenix. Let us figure
your bill. Special prices in car lots.
I Buckeye Lumber Co.
33 North
English Kitchen Restaurant
Cnur First and
In" :
fjJ ' ' , - -
vtfilULb TIRES
Bicycles and Sundries
iu r-. j
CALL ON .... . .
Kunz Bros & Messenger
Mithln Warks Tw Blocks South of Court Hquii
Tuberclecide Cures Tuberculosis
It will coat you nothing to Investigate the cases which havs
cured. That Is all we ask. You owe that much to yourself.
Offices:, 407-8 National Bank of Arizona Building, Phoenix.
Hot Springs, 'Arizona.
Firnt Avenue
Ain ttrMf.
& Tern pi in
Phont Mnlnlta
Garage. Supplies and Repairing!
36 & 38 E. Adams St.
Both Phones.

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