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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 29, 1912. 1 - " f , : ' - i i jTT'TTTvr''!'""" l Arizona Republican Editorial Page .1 1 " Published" by . THE ARIZONA PUBLISHING COMPANY. Tin; Only Paper In Arizona Published Every Day in - the Vojr. ""- .nright P.. Heard Charles A. Stnuffer. . (iatth W. Cafe i W. Spear Ira It. S. Huggett President and Manager . . Bus in ess Manager ..Assistant Business Mnnager Editor City Editor Exclusive Morning Associated Press Dispatches. ,, Office, Corner Second and Adams Streets. Entered nt the Postoffie nt Phoenix, Arizona, -as Mail -Maltc-r of the Second Clas3. Address all communications to THE ARIZONA REPUB LICAN. Phoenix, Arizona.. 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DECEMBER 2:'. 1!Ul The Use of irrigation Works -The governments interest in, reclamation, work extonds heyond the niftier of recovering the money wtiVh it spends on irrigation plants, li that were fill, then- would never have been any national irriga tion policy and if no other good should result from ITip- policy than the immunity of the government from lot;? of money, there would be no need of an irriga tion policy, the carring out of which would be . tiofhing more than :i waste of time, skill and energy. Nor, as Director Newell says, 'ias The govern ment fully discharged its tluty in the construction of the works. It must now see th;t the, best use is made of th;m: that as many blades of gra--s as pos sible stall he inaile to grow where on or none eri-Vf before: that the great home -making object (. the .'irrigation policy shall bo attained. This object can be attained iart!y by education andj partly by legislation, the latter t. compel a proper use of the government irrigation system; and psrtly by encouraging' the railroad development id" the -regions where' tlie ground work for home-making "tiiis been laid by the reclamation service. The Republican has frequently alluded to ail Jibus of the Sait River project: that is. a failure to use it by the owners of S0.ih0 acres of land, about one-sixth of the area for which water bus been made available. Mr. Newell states that we are fortunate, iu eom arison with the people. under other projects in that there is so little abuse of this one. Taking all the projects together much less than half the land whtcFr odd be cultivated is now under cultivation. .Bin UtuiOO acres under our own system is far too large an area of rich land to lie idle. .. It-occupies, the room of- at least 75o prosperous homes. Perhaps luOo families iould live comfortably on this idle land, held now. and to be held indefinitely for purposes of speculation ; and to be held until real home-makers adjacent t it. inereas.e its value. This is the worst feature of the. situation. An other evil feature is the blot this :,0.'.,"0 acres of idle land leaves upon the valley and still another evil, feature is the loss to water users of the aid which should be given them in the maintenance and opera tion of the canal. This is one of the obstacles to the making of the best use of the irrigation projects of which the. gov ernment will have to take notice. Fortunately this ohe will be easilv removed. Conviction of the Dynamiters Two erroneous views will be taken of the result of the long trial of the dynamiters at Indianapolis, the finding of thirty-eight of the forty defendants jruilty. Those who are opposed . to organized labor will regard the verdict as a, blow at unionfsm. Many union men will feel bitterly, that unionism has been on trial and has been unjustly condemned. Neither is the. case. The offense with which the defendants were charged was not a conspiracy to destroy property or life, but a conspiracy to on d.ingrr the lives of passengers on railway trains and other conveyances, by the unlawful transportation of explosives' from .state to state. One caught in the ivH of currying dynamite in a railway train, though h? may have Intended to use it for some lawful pur pose, would have been as liable; to conviction. Tiie use of the explosives made in the case of this particular conspiracy, the destruction of the Los Angeles Times building, preceded by dynamiting outrages throughout the country, precipitated the investigation which led to the arrest and indictment of the defendants. The government hasj not been Considering the merits of the seven-year-oid contro versy between the American Bridge compaiy and the iron workers. It could have no jurisdiction in such a quarrel. - It is incidental that a - large number of labor loaders have been proved to he implicate!, in:. this juigrmtic conspiracy. It is also well for unionism that such men as Tvritmoe, an old-tin.it- convict, Ryan, Hockin, Munsey. and Clancy have lueen c-x-pvsod, for whatever discredit has "been brouiht upon organized labor, has been brought by such leaders. Unionism took no part in the late trial us it did in the cases of the McNamaras. Its activity in be half of them was excusable. The crime with which they were charged was so monstrous as to be un believable and, but for their confession it might now be doubted whether they were guilty. That con fession put organized labor on guard against being led into sympathy with the men who have just been convicted. 1 : Tucson's Y. M. C. A. Gift The bread which the citizens of Tucson east upon the water a couple of years ago has been re turned to them in the shape of a Christmas gift by the El Paso and Southwestern railroad through Mr. Walter Douglas, in the shape of a donation of $60,000 for a Y. M. C. A. building. The citizens of Tucson raised a sum of money, about $7r,0(Mi, for the purchase "of ground needed by the railroad company for yards and terminal facili ties. The land passed .to an organization of citizens called the Railroad Holding' company. The- railroad on entering' the town a year ago made a. selection of such parts of the land as it needed and took no more, though it might have taken all. The remainder in several irregular-shaped tracts was left with the holding company which has since disposed of it for $15,000. Thus the ftift to the railroad company lias been offset by the gift of the latter to the city.. The subscribers to the holding company fund, it is said, will probably add the $15, COO which they would re ceive from the residue of the land, to the railroad's Sift so that there will be a $75,000 V. M. O. A. fund. Now that the ball has been set rolling, the city will be asked to contribute a site for it has still several tracts left, though within the last ten years it has been disposing of its real estate holdings with prodigal liberality. A Question of Authorship YVe should like to know who is the author of ,."ls there a Santa Claus?" an article which appeared many years ago in thr New York Sun and which appears in that paper annually. The article is a reply to a letter real or imaginary from a little girl, Virginia O'llanlon. -whoso playmates have told-that there is no Santa Claus. A doubt is formed and ihe applies to the Sun to have it resolved. The reply is one of the finest expressions in the English language. The thought and style of it will probably give it a permanent place in English liter ature. There were perhaps few men in this country capable of producing that masterpiece and if one had been asked to make a list of them, the list would certainly have included Charles A. Dana, the great glowing- sun-spot of the New York Sun. Though, wf beliPVe it was never stated by the Sun that Mr. Dana was the author he has generally been given credit for it by most newspapers many of which following; the practice of the Sun. publish 'Js there a Santa Claus" annually. The article appeared in The Republican again yesterday morning, selected from ar. exchange which ascribe.- it to P. l Church, who was for some time associated witlu the Sun. In view of the beauty of this gem and the cer tainty of its lasting quality the matter of its author ship should he definitely settled while there are those living who know who vvrot.- "Is there i Santa Glaus ?" A thoughtless paragrapher believes that Mrs. 1. Augustus Heinze need not worry about the high cost of living With the, JlO'tu a month alimony that "has just been allowed her. At present, of course. .-'Mr. -Heinxe- can V-vist, but the cost of living- is still soaring. t LITTLE JAMES (Concerning .Nev Year's, and Good Resolutions Generally.) "This." se. My Paw, "is th' Season of th' Yeer when accordin' toPoplar beletf, th' Wotter Waggon an' th' other Veehikles which Conveys us along th' Strate an" Narrow Path is brot out an' Oreesed fer th' Annyal Journey. Th' Perceshun is s'posed to start on Noo Yeers morning. "Th' Rode is not only Narrow an' Strate but ac cordin' to -th' most Relible Hook 'at was ever Rote an which is still regarded as wun of th' Six Best Cellars, they is a good many Rox in th' Rode so's 'at a good many of th' Passengers gits Bumped Off every Veer but enuff goes through to make th' Heformashun Line pay. "Even when a feller falls off he aint what's called a Totle Loss. Th' Outing, while it lasts is a good thins fer his Helth an' Morles an' he comes back to Resoom his former Sinfle Life much Refresht in Body an' Spirrit. "It does a man good to try to Behave his.self at leest wunst a Yeer whether he keeps it up or not. Jist as long a? he's out of Mischeef an' Jale he's out. an if he forms th' HabbiUof tryin' to be Oood he'll git more Experter at It. His gooder Mussels'll git Stronger an' mebbe he'll Pull through sometime. "I know 'at when wun falls of n a Wotter Wag gon, fer they U all Hilt High, he gits a Paneful Jolt. He gits filled with both Mcntle an' Fizzicle Remorse an' at first he's a Noshun to run after th Wotter Waggon an' Ketch it but then his wind gives out an' he sez: 'O Shaw, it'll be around agin next Yeer an' I'll Book fer Passidge wunst more.' "It's a good thing he started an" a. Bad thing 'at he fell off an' it's a Worser thing 'at he don't know 'at they aint more'n wun lane of Wotter Waggons when they's Reely 365 Rivie Rotes, all runnin' to th' Same place. We can make Reservashuns fer th' Journey any day or Nile in th' Veer. The first wag gon you can take is th' Best. "They's anuther thing about these here Wotter Waggons 'at I most fer got to tell. Y'ou got to Hold on Tite an' keep away from th Edge an' keep your. Mind on th' Trip an' Your destinashun. If yon keep lhinkin' all th' Time about th Place you Left you'll Kind your way back there when you aint Lookin". "While I'm in Favor of Noo Yeers Kesolushuns, they's wun thing I don't like about 'em. When a man fixes any Speshle date fer his Reformashun he's apt, when that Date comes around to be Pervented from Keepin" it by a Pryor Engagement. If he ' Reforms hisself 'by th' Almaneck, the chanst is 'at when th' Yeer's over he'll say to hisself, 'Well, I ful fild my Obligashun all rite. Last Yeer's almaneck aint no Good nohow. It's lost its Force an. EffecU.' " LITTLE JAMES. Europe's Appeal to MacVeagh t (Philadelphia Bulletin) The appeal of Sir George Paish in the Statist for action by Secretary MacVeagh to relieve the money crisis which Europe is now facing is an acknowledgment possibly unintended, that some vir tue exists in the treasury policy of the United States which segregates currency for emergency uses, and a confession that the "elastic" currency systems of the old world are not sufficient for the extraordinary needs which have arisen. , Never theless there does not. appear to be offered any compelling reason why tthe secretary of the United States treasury should act contrary to what appears to him to be sound domestic policy, or should, go beyond the needs of business in this country. New York has not been making any unwarranted draft on the world's supply of gold. It has been excep tionally moderate in its demands, and the United States is not required to disregard its own interests for the sake of playing the Good Samaritan to the suffering money market across the seas. Lobbying for Tyranny j . : (New York World) in the; various prohibition states It is a crime to manufacture, sell or give away intoxicants. It is a crime to have liquor in a house. It is a crime for a traveler passing through dry territory to take a drink from a pocket flask. Because .some of these offerers happen every day those who are more intent upon regulating the habits of people than upon enforcing the law want congress by the exercise of its great powers to come to their assistance. They want a federal law pro hibiting interstate shipments in such cases. They want the nation to make their state laws effective. They want to say what their neighbors shall and shall not drink, and then they would like to turn the whole matter over to the. Cnited States' govern ment for administration. The right of a state to outlaw commodities and practices elsewhere perfectly lawful must be con ceded, but the responsibility for the execution of the policy is its own. If most of its people offend and its pails are not commodious enough to accom modate them, there is the best of evidence that public opinion is either hostile of- hypocritical. In any event, there are excellent reasons why the central government should not exercise a tyranny over the ieople. On to Albany? (N-w York Globe) Arthur Woods, formerly secretary of the citizens' committee on police and later a deputy police com missioner under General Bingham has studied the graft problem from both the outside and the inside of Mulberry street headquarters. His conclusion is thus entitled to double weight. It is as follows: "Cnenforcible laws against vice are the hotbed of graft." Practically every voice in the city that has. so far made itself articulate is seemingly agreed on this fundamental proposition. Dr. Parkhurst and Mayor Gaynor' are calling each other names, but they coincide in this judgment. Waldo. Cropsey. Bingham, Baker, McAdoo and Greene, however much they may differ on other matters, are iu accord that the law that is only half enforced or sporad ically enforced is the underlying- cause of police cor ruption. With agreement on the part of laity and clergy, with the underworld of v ice and the upper world of reform declaring one and the same thing, is it not possible to move on to Albany this winter and secure from our country cousins release from laws inapplicable to New York conditions and a permis sion to enjoy that real home rule with which better ment is to start if it start at all? We Care Least for Selves I (Pensacola Journal) When you find that your watch is losing a minute a day you hasten to have, it regulated. If your horse goes lame or your dog gets sick, you seek a remedy at once. If your friend has a fault you see it and want it corrected. But, somehow or other, you treat yourself very differently. The one thing precious above all others to you. that you are especially charged to keep in repair yourself -you treat with greater indifference than you do your dog. You do habitually a thousand things that you know injure your health, and that you would not permit your dog to do, anil you do not care. If you find your pulse is losing a beat or two a minute, the fact does not worry you half as much as does the loss of a second or two by your watch. Once a week, at least, you compare your watch with a chronometer to know that it is right. But you never compare your pulse Svith anything. Why? Because you don't care as much about yur heart as you do about your watch. The watch cost cost you maybe $50: the heart cost you nothing. And thus you value then). 1 The Burdens of the Rich (Saturday Evening Post) A lamentable situation has arisen in New York. Value of real estate in that city has gone up more than three billion dollars in eight years. That ought to be pleasant for land owners. But as value rises assessments and taxes rise, too, and a powerful federation of land owners now- declares that the outrageous rise in taxes consequent upon " rise in values has simply got to stop. In order to relieve real estate from this intolerable burden the federa tion proposes that land used for charitable, educa tional and religious purposes now exempt be taxed; also that taxes be imposed oir all overhanging signs, on each thousand dollars worth of oods manufac tured in the city; on the contents of dwellings: that special taxes be levied on automobiles, and that citizens be required to pay an occupation tax. Apparently, if it were left to the federation, ev-, erything would be taxed except real estate. Pro fessor Seligman has pointed out that the whole his tory of taxation consists of the efforts of each in terest or class to shift the burden upon other inter ests or . classes. Generally speaking, the richer any particular interest or class is, the more powerful it .will be; and the more powerful it is, the greater success it will meet with in its efforts to shift the burden upon HOimdMdy else. This is why our tax laws are mainly a hodgepodge of inequality and in iquity. The whole subject needs overhauling . from the ground up. HOW SHE CHOSE HER HUSBAND Paris Letter to London Telegraph) The Montenegrin woman wishes hot only to' be the mother of men, but the wife of a man. She holds to a high-handed husband, to one who will be master of his own house. Here is the story of the wooing of Gordanne: Gordanne was the beautiful daughter of an innkeeper. Her suitors were many, and it was time for her 'to wed. She promised to. make her choice among1 three suitors, and summoned them all to her father's house. First, it was a youth gloved and cravatted. who, during a week-end at Cattaro, had acquired the elegancies of city life. "Excuse me," he said with a polite doffing of his hat as she met him at the doorway, "will you permit me to pass?" Gor danne stepped aside, but as she did so she mur- ' mured, "You will never be my husband." The second, a comfortable farmer, was less po lite. "Let- me in," he said, pushing past the girl. "Neither shall you ever call me Wife," said the girl to herself. Then came the third, who said nothing, but seizing her by the arm. flung Gordanne aside antt entered the house as if already master. "That." sighed the innkeeper's daughter, "is si true Monte negrin. He is the husband for me!" . Of such stuff, after all, are the mothers of heroes made. MAN'S BURDENS Nothing happens to any man which he is (not formed by nature to bear, Marcus Aurelius. I Should Voting be Compulsory? j ! : (.Century Magazine) After every fair allowance has been made, how ever, the fact is notorious that many citizens entitled to vote to do not go to the polls. The registration figures often fall far below what they should be, and the ballots finally cast and counted reveal a large number of indifferents or stay-at-homes. Hence the demand, which seems to be a rising demand, that the citizen be compelled by law to do his duty as an elector, if he will not do it unforced. Compulsory voting has been advocated of late by the attorney general of the United States. No one would class Mr. Wickersham among the im petuous faddists. He has studied European practice and precedents in the matter of inflicting penalties upon citizens who fail to" exercise the franchise, and favors the adoption of some modified form of siich legislation in this country. The argument for it will certainly be .greatly enforced if we. are widely to enter upon the experiment of law-making by initiative and referendum. The people are sovereign, but if only a portion of them speak, how are we to know the real voice of authority? There have been elections, some of them passing on statutes referred to the electorate, some on important constitutional changes, in which the votes of only a majority of a minority were ef fective. If that should become common, the case for compulsory voting would . obviously be stronger. Objections to it at present lie mainly against de tails. It is urged, for example, that no compulsion should be laid upon the voter to ohoose between two candidates neither of whom could he conscientiously support. But in that event he could cast 'a blank or a "scratched" ballot. He is within his .right in re fusing to express a preference between two equally offensive nominees; but it may be held that he has no right to remain away from the polls. Mr. Ches terton has argued that all who fail to vote should be "counted in the negative," but that is to put a premium upon sloth. An active negative by ballot is much more significant than mere abstention. We know too well what "apathy" means in elections', but we should be much better off if, instead of their apathy at home, we had all our citizens expressing their honest zeal or their burning indignation at the polls. ' ' , The whole subject is not yet ripe for positive remedies embodied in law, but the deep interest taken in it is both suggestive and encouraging. It helps one to believe that the democratic experiment will continue to keep level with its problems as they successively present themselves. Whatever the ex ad method of reform that may be adopted, it must not omit to tie up intelligence with duty. Voting, whether it should be made compulsory or not, cannot safely, be severed from education. The two must always go together. 1 Meaning of the Declaration ! ... . . , ... (John Quincy Adams) The declaration of independence! The interest which in this paper has survived the occasion upon which it was issued the interest which is of every age and every clime the interest "which quickens with the lapse of years, spreads as it grows old, and brightens as it recedes is in the principles which it proclaims. It was the first solemn declaration by a nation of the only legitimate foundation of civil government. It was the cornerstone of a new fabric, destined to cover the surface of the globe. It demol ished at a stroke the lawfulness of all governments founded upon conquest. It swept away all the rub bish of accumulated centuries of servitude. It an nounced, in practical form, to the world the trans cendent truth of the inalienable sovereignty of the people. It " proved that the social compact was no figment of the imagination, but a real, solid and sacred bond of the social union. From the day of this declaration the people of .North America were no - longer the fragment of a distant empire, imploring justice and mercy from an inexorable master, in another hemisphere. They were no longer children, appealing in vain to the sympathies of a heartless mother; no longer subjects, leaning upon the shattered columns of royal prom ises, and invoking the faith of parchment to secure their rights. They were a nation, asserting as of right, and maintaining by war, its own existence.. A nation - was born in a day. How many ages hence Shall this, their lofty scene, be acted o'er In states unborn, and accents yet unknown! Loans to Farmers (Calgary Herald) The biggest question before the Canadian par liament today is that of lending "money to farmers. The great part of the savings of the country is in the tills of the bankers. Those other savings, in v the form of life insurance and trust and loan com pany investments, are only a flea-bite compared with what the banks hold. Most of the holdings of the banks comes from the farmer. Yet he os the man who cannot borrow from . the banks. He cannot borrow on his real estate because banks are for bidden to loan on such security. He cannot borrow on wheat he may have in his barns, because the law forbids that, too." He cannot borrow on a per sonal note to any satisfactory extent. . JARRED ON MR. KING'S EAR (London Mail) The postmaster general in the house of com mons informed Lord Tullibardine that there was no telephone service to the islands of Rhum. Eigg, Muck and Canna in the Hebrides, and no telegraph to Muck. Mr. King Can the right honorable- gentleman not suggest some better names for these places? ENGLAND'S WANTS (San Francisco Chronicle) England made a very good bargain after the war between Turkey and Russia. She is likely to have a harder row to hoe now. THE PHOENIX OFFICERS: H. J. McClimg ...President T. E. Pollock. . : . . .Vice-President M. & McDougall. .Vice-President II. D. Marshall, Jr Cashier II. M. Galliver .... .Asst. Cashier 0. G. Fuller .Asst. Cashier The Phoenix "Perfect Valuable Papers are never safe unless properly eared for. We have modern Safe Deposit Boxes in a modern vault. For rent at a reasonable eost. The Valley Bank of Phoenix rp Pile Bank of Service" Woman's Rights Shorten her work. AVe have the remedy at the right price. Now is your chance One G. E. Co. FLATIR0N at $2.50 With a Five Year (luaranlee Pacific Gas and Electric Company 230-232 WEST WASHINGTON ST. Decrease in Rural Population (Coal Trade Journal) Months ago, when the census figures were new, we alluded to the falling off of population in the agricultural counties of New York state and Pennsylvania and stated that even in a state like Illinois there were many counties that showed no increase in population. These facts indicated, we stated, that the country coal dealer, the man located in the small places, did not have much chance to enlarge his business, and as the dealers in the manufacturing centers and the larger places gen erally grew- in importance, the country dealer would become less of a factor. We notice now that the Bluefield Telegraph has taken up this matter of decreased rural population and in pointing out that in the agricultural counties . of West Virginia there is a falling off in the num ber of inhabitants, so that the supplying of farm products for the many busy miniAi; communities of that state, and the half-dozen or so large centers of population, is quite a problem. No less than eleven counties of West Virginia showed a decrease in population, while the rural, as distinguished from the urban, population in half a dozen others de creased. - : But against the apprehension as to high cost of Hying for the coal field people H is appropriate to state that modern improvements have been ex tended to the farm as well as the factory, and in some lines one man can do ten or twenty times as much work as his forefathers did. The decrease in number of producers as compared with con sumers is a serious matter, it is true, and yet we must not overlook the matter of increased efficiency attained through the use of machinery and other modern improvements. SOCIALIST PROTESTS . (Detroit Free Press) It Is very well for the French socialists to pull off these little soirees occasionally and gain an extra holiday nd indulge in high sounding eloquence. Possibly it is even a good thing, because it gives vent to energy which otherwise would be danger lOusby restrained. Bue we will be far more con vinced of the efficacy of their gospel after the "Marsellaise" has ben sung and me people have been called out to marrh, we'll say, against the Germans, and have failed to respond. Every nation to its trade. Turkey ought to stick to the rug and cigarette business and let others do the fighting. Detroit News. NATIONAL BANK DIRECTORS: II. J. Mc Clung T. E Pollock M. C. McDougall H. D. Marshall jr. Wm. S. Humbert James S. Resources 'L. II. Chalmers W. A. Drake Geo. A. Olney Douglas. $2,200,000.00 National Bank Ban king Service"