THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 29, 1912.
1 - " f , : ' - i i jTT'TTTvr''!'"""
l Arizona Republican Editorial Page .1 1
" Published" by .
THE ARIZONA PUBLISHING COMPANY.
Tin; Only Paper In Arizona Published Every Day in
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.SUNDAY JIORXl.Nfi. DECEMBER 2:'. 1!Ul
The Use of irrigation Works
-The governments interest in, reclamation, work
extonds heyond the niftier of recovering the money
wtiVh it spends on irrigation plants, li that were
fill, then- would never have been any national irriga
tion policy and if no other good should result from
ITip- policy than the immunity of the government from
lot;? of money, there would be no need of an irriga
tion policy, the carring out of which would be .
tiofhing more than :i waste of time, skill and energy.
Nor, as Director Newell says, 'ias The govern
ment fully discharged its tluty in the construction of
the works. It must now see th;t the, best use is
made of th;m: that as many blades of gra--s as pos
sible stall he inaile to grow where on or none
eri-Vf before: that the great home -making object (.
the .'irrigation policy shall bo attained.
This object can be attained iart!y by education
andj partly by legislation, the latter t. compel a
proper use of the government irrigation system; and
psrtly by encouraging' the railroad development id"
the -regions where' tlie ground work for home-making
"tiiis been laid by the reclamation service.
The Republican has frequently alluded to ail
Jibus of the Sait River project: that is. a failure to
use it by the owners of S0.ih0 acres of land, about
one-sixth of the area for which water bus been made
Mr. Newell states that we are fortunate, iu eom
arison with the people. under other projects in that
there is so little abuse of this one. Taking all the
projects together much less than half the land whtcFr
odd be cultivated is now under cultivation.
.Bin UtuiOO acres under our own system is far too
large an area of rich land to lie idle. .. It-occupies, the
room of- at least 75o prosperous homes. Perhaps luOo
families iould live comfortably on this idle land, held
now. and to be held indefinitely for purposes of
speculation ; and to be held until real home-makers
adjacent t it. inereas.e its value.
This is the worst feature of the. situation. An
other evil feature is the blot this :,0.'.,"0 acres of idle
land leaves upon the valley and still another evil,
feature is the loss to water users of the aid which
should be given them in the maintenance and opera
tion of the canal.
This is one of the obstacles to the making of the
best use of the irrigation projects of which the. gov
ernment will have to take notice. Fortunately this
ohe will be easilv removed.
Conviction of the Dynamiters
Two erroneous views will be taken of the result
of the long trial of the dynamiters at Indianapolis,
the finding of thirty-eight of the forty defendants
jruilty. Those who are opposed . to organized labor
will regard the verdict as a, blow at unionfsm. Many
union men will feel bitterly, that unionism has been
on trial and has been unjustly condemned.
Neither is the. case. The offense with which
the defendants were charged was not a conspiracy
to destroy property or life, but a conspiracy to on
d.ingrr the lives of passengers on railway trains and
other conveyances, by the unlawful transportation of
explosives' from .state to state. One caught in the
ivH of currying dynamite in a railway train, though
h? may have Intended to use it for some lawful pur
pose, would have been as liable; to conviction.
Tiie use of the explosives made in the case of
this particular conspiracy, the destruction of the
Los Angeles Times building, preceded by dynamiting
outrages throughout the country, precipitated the
investigation which led to the arrest and indictment
of the defendants. The government hasj not been
Considering the merits of the seven-year-oid contro
versy between the American Bridge compaiy and the
iron workers. It could have no jurisdiction in such
a quarrel. -
It is incidental that a - large number of labor
loaders have been proved to he implicate!, in:. this
juigrmtic conspiracy. It is also well for unionism
that such men as Tvritmoe, an old-tin.it- convict,
Ryan, Hockin, Munsey. and Clancy have lueen c-x-pvsod,
for whatever discredit has "been brouiht upon
organized labor, has been brought by such leaders.
Unionism took no part in the late trial us it did
in the cases of the McNamaras. Its activity in be
half of them was excusable. The crime with which
they were charged was so monstrous as to be un
believable and, but for their confession it might now
be doubted whether they were guilty. That con
fession put organized labor on guard against being
led into sympathy with the men who have just been
1 : Tucson's Y. M. C. A. Gift
The bread which the citizens of Tucson east
upon the water a couple of years ago has been re
turned to them in the shape of a Christmas gift by
the El Paso and Southwestern railroad through Mr.
Walter Douglas, in the shape of a donation of $60,000
for a Y. M. C. A. building.
The citizens of Tucson raised a sum of money,
about $7r,0(Mi, for the purchase "of ground needed by
the railroad company for yards and terminal facili
ties. The land passed .to an organization of citizens
called the Railroad Holding' company. The- railroad
on entering' the town a year ago made a. selection
of such parts of the land as it needed and took no
more, though it might have taken all.
The remainder in several irregular-shaped tracts
was left with the holding company which has since
disposed of it for $15,000.
Thus the ftift to the railroad company lias been
offset by the gift of the latter to the city.. The
subscribers to the holding company fund, it is said,
will probably add the $15, COO which they would re
ceive from the residue of the land, to the railroad's
Sift so that there will be a $75,000 V. M. O. A. fund.
Now that the ball has been set rolling, the city
will be asked to contribute a site for it has still
several tracts left, though within the last ten years
it has been disposing of its real estate holdings with
A Question of Authorship
YVe should like to know who is the author of
,."ls there a Santa Claus?" an article which appeared
many years ago in thr New York Sun and which
appears in that paper annually. The article is a
reply to a letter real or imaginary from a little girl,
Virginia O'llanlon. -whoso playmates have told-that
there is no Santa Claus. A doubt is formed and ihe
applies to the Sun to have it resolved.
The reply is one of the finest expressions in the
English language. The thought and style of it will
probably give it a permanent place in English liter
ature. There were perhaps few men in this country
capable of producing that masterpiece and if one
had been asked to make a list of them, the list
would certainly have included Charles A. Dana, the
great glowing- sun-spot of the New York Sun.
Though, wf beliPVe it was never stated by the
Sun that Mr. Dana was the author he has generally
been given credit for it by most newspapers many
of which following; the practice of the Sun. publish
'Js there a Santa Claus" annually.
The article appeared in The Republican again
yesterday morning, selected from ar. exchange which
ascribe.- it to P. l Church, who was for some time
associated witlu the Sun.
In view of the beauty of this gem and the cer
tainty of its lasting quality the matter of its author
ship should he definitely settled while there are
those living who know who vvrot.- "Is there i Santa
A thoughtless paragrapher believes that Mrs. 1.
Augustus Heinze need not worry about the high
cost of living With the, JlO'tu a month alimony that
"has just been allowed her. At present, of course.
.-'Mr. -Heinxe- can V-vist, but the cost of living- is still
(Concerning .Nev Year's, and Good Resolutions
"This." se. My Paw, "is th' Season of th' Yeer
when accordin' toPoplar beletf, th' Wotter Waggon
an' th' other Veehikles which Conveys us along th'
Strate an" Narrow Path is brot out an' Oreesed fer
th' Annyal Journey. Th' Perceshun is s'posed to
start on Noo Yeers morning.
"Th' Rode is not only Narrow an' Strate but ac
cordin' to -th' most Relible Hook 'at was ever Rote
an which is still regarded as wun of th' Six Best
Cellars, they is a good many Rox in th' Rode so's
'at a good many of th' Passengers gits Bumped Off
every Veer but enuff goes through to make th'
Heformashun Line pay.
"Even when a feller falls off he aint what's
called a Totle Loss. Th' Outing, while it lasts is a
good thins fer his Helth an' Morles an' he comes
back to Resoom his former Sinfle Life much Refresht
in Body an' Spirrit.
"It does a man good to try to Behave his.self
at leest wunst a Yeer whether he keeps it up or
not. Jist as long a? he's out of Mischeef an' Jale
he's out. an if he forms th' HabbiUof tryin' to be
Oood he'll git more Experter at It. His gooder
Mussels'll git Stronger an' mebbe he'll Pull through
"I know 'at when wun falls of n a Wotter Wag
gon, fer they U all Hilt High, he gits a Paneful Jolt.
He gits filled with both Mcntle an' Fizzicle Remorse
an' at first he's a Noshun to run after th Wotter
Waggon an' Ketch it but then his wind gives out an'
he sez: 'O Shaw, it'll be around agin next Yeer an'
I'll Book fer Passidge wunst more.'
"It's a good thing he started an" a. Bad thing 'at
he fell off an' it's a Worser thing 'at he don't know
'at they aint more'n wun lane of Wotter Waggons
when they's Reely 365 Rivie Rotes, all runnin' to th'
Same place. We can make Reservashuns fer th'
Journey any day or Nile in th' Veer. The first wag
gon you can take is th' Best.
"They's anuther thing about these here Wotter
Waggons 'at I most fer got to tell. Y'ou got to Hold
on Tite an' keep away from th Edge an' keep your.
Mind on th' Trip an' Your destinashun. If yon keep
lhinkin' all th' Time about th Place you Left you'll
Kind your way back there when you aint Lookin".
"While I'm in Favor of Noo Yeers Kesolushuns,
they's wun thing I don't like about 'em. When a
man fixes any Speshle date fer his Reformashun he's
apt, when that Date comes around to be Pervented
from Keepin" it by a Pryor Engagement. If he
' Reforms hisself 'by th' Almaneck, the chanst is 'at
when th' Yeer's over he'll say to hisself, 'Well, I ful
fild my Obligashun all rite. Last Yeer's almaneck
aint no Good nohow. It's lost its Force an. EffecU.' "
Europe's Appeal to MacVeagh
The appeal of Sir George Paish in the Statist
for action by Secretary MacVeagh to relieve the
money crisis which Europe is now facing is an
acknowledgment possibly unintended, that some vir
tue exists in the treasury policy of the United
States which segregates currency for emergency
uses, and a confession that the "elastic" currency
systems of the old world are not sufficient for the
extraordinary needs which have arisen. , Never
theless there does not. appear to be offered any
compelling reason why tthe secretary of the United
States treasury should act contrary to what appears
to him to be sound domestic policy, or should, go
beyond the needs of business in this country. New
York has not been making any unwarranted draft
on the world's supply of gold. It has been excep
tionally moderate in its demands, and the United
States is not required to disregard its own interests
for the sake of playing the Good Samaritan to the
suffering money market across the seas.
Lobbying for Tyranny j
(New York World)
in the; various prohibition states It is a crime to
manufacture, sell or give away intoxicants. It is a
crime to have liquor in a house. It is a crime for
a traveler passing through dry territory to take a
drink from a pocket flask.
Because .some of these offerers happen every
day those who are more intent upon regulating the
habits of people than upon enforcing the law want
congress by the exercise of its great powers to come
to their assistance. They want a federal law pro
hibiting interstate shipments in such cases. They
want the nation to make their state laws effective.
They want to say what their neighbors shall and
shall not drink, and then they would like to turn
the whole matter over to the. Cnited States' govern
ment for administration.
The right of a state to outlaw commodities and
practices elsewhere perfectly lawful must be con
ceded, but the responsibility for the execution of
the policy is its own. If most of its people offend
and its pails are not commodious enough to accom
modate them, there is the best of evidence that
public opinion is either hostile of- hypocritical. In
any event, there are excellent reasons why the
central government should not exercise a tyranny
over the ieople.
On to Albany?
(N-w York Globe)
Arthur Woods, formerly secretary of the citizens'
committee on police and later a deputy police com
missioner under General Bingham has studied the
graft problem from both the outside and the inside
of Mulberry street headquarters. His conclusion is
thus entitled to double weight. It is as follows:
"Cnenforcible laws against vice are the hotbed of
Practically every voice in the city that has. so
far made itself articulate is seemingly agreed on
this fundamental proposition. Dr. Parkhurst and
Mayor Gaynor' are calling each other names, but
they coincide in this judgment. Waldo. Cropsey.
Bingham, Baker, McAdoo and Greene, however much
they may differ on other matters, are iu accord
that the law that is only half enforced or sporad
ically enforced is the underlying- cause of police cor
ruption. With agreement on the part of laity and clergy,
with the underworld of v ice and the upper world of
reform declaring one and the same thing, is it not
possible to move on to Albany this winter and
secure from our country cousins release from laws
inapplicable to New York conditions and a permis
sion to enjoy that real home rule with which better
ment is to start if it start at all?
We Care Least for Selves
When you find that your watch is losing a
minute a day you hasten to have, it regulated. If
your horse goes lame or your dog gets sick, you
seek a remedy at once.
If your friend has a fault you see it and want
But, somehow or other, you treat yourself very
The one thing precious above all others to you.
that you are especially charged to keep in repair
yourself -you treat with greater indifference than
you do your dog.
You do habitually a thousand things that you
know injure your health, and that you would not
permit your dog to do, anil you do not care.
If you find your pulse is losing a beat or two a
minute, the fact does not worry you half as much
as does the loss of a second or two by your watch.
Once a week, at least, you compare your watch
with a chronometer to know that it is right. But
you never compare your pulse Svith anything. Why?
Because you don't care as much about yur heart
as you do about your watch. The watch cost cost
you maybe $50: the heart cost you nothing. And
thus you value then).
The Burdens of the Rich
(Saturday Evening Post)
A lamentable situation has arisen in New York.
Value of real estate in that city has gone up more
than three billion dollars in eight years. That ought
to be pleasant for land owners. But as value rises
assessments and taxes rise, too, and a powerful
federation of land owners now- declares that the
outrageous rise in taxes consequent upon " rise in
values has simply got to stop. In order to relieve
real estate from this intolerable burden the federa
tion proposes that land used for charitable, educa
tional and religious purposes now exempt be taxed;
also that taxes be imposed oir all overhanging signs,
on each thousand dollars worth of oods manufac
tured in the city; on the contents of dwellings: that
special taxes be levied on automobiles, and that
citizens be required to pay an occupation tax.
Apparently, if it were left to the federation, ev-,
erything would be taxed except real estate. Pro
fessor Seligman has pointed out that the whole his
tory of taxation consists of the efforts of each in
terest or class to shift the burden upon other inter
ests or . classes. Generally speaking, the richer any
particular interest or class is, the more powerful it
.will be; and the more powerful it is, the greater
success it will meet with in its efforts to shift the
burden upon HOimdMdy else. This is why our tax
laws are mainly a hodgepodge of inequality and in
iquity. The whole subject needs overhauling . from
the ground up.
HOW SHE CHOSE HER HUSBAND
Paris Letter to London Telegraph)
The Montenegrin woman wishes hot only to' be
the mother of men, but the wife of a man. She
holds to a high-handed husband, to one who will be
master of his own house. Here is the story of the
wooing of Gordanne:
Gordanne was the beautiful daughter of an
innkeeper. Her suitors were many, and it was time
for her 'to wed. She promised to. make her choice
among1 three suitors, and summoned them all to her
First, it was a youth gloved and cravatted.
who, during a week-end at Cattaro, had acquired
the elegancies of city life. "Excuse me," he said
with a polite doffing of his hat as she met him at
the doorway, "will you permit me to pass?" Gor
danne stepped aside, but as she did so she mur- '
mured, "You will never be my husband."
The second, a comfortable farmer, was less po
lite. "Let- me in," he said, pushing past the girl.
"Neither shall you ever call me Wife," said the girl
Then came the third, who said nothing, but
seizing her by the arm. flung Gordanne aside antt
entered the house as if already master. "That."
sighed the innkeeper's daughter, "is si true Monte
negrin. He is the husband for me!"
. Of such stuff, after all, are the mothers of
Nothing happens to any man which he is (not
formed by nature to bear, Marcus Aurelius.
I Should Voting be Compulsory? j
After every fair allowance has been made, how
ever, the fact is notorious that many citizens entitled
to vote to do not go to the polls. The registration
figures often fall far below what they should be, and
the ballots finally cast and counted reveal a large
number of indifferents or stay-at-homes. Hence
the demand, which seems to be a rising demand,
that the citizen be compelled by law to do his duty
as an elector, if he will not do it unforced.
Compulsory voting has been advocated of late
by the attorney general of the United States. No
one would class Mr. Wickersham among the im
petuous faddists. He has studied European practice
and precedents in the matter of inflicting penalties
upon citizens who fail to" exercise the franchise,
and favors the adoption of some modified form of
siich legislation in this country. The argument for it
will certainly be .greatly enforced if we. are widely
to enter upon the experiment of law-making by
initiative and referendum.
The people are sovereign, but if only a portion
of them speak, how are we to know the real voice
of authority? There have been elections, some of
them passing on statutes referred to the electorate,
some on important constitutional changes, in which
the votes of only a majority of a minority were ef
fective. If that should become common, the case
for compulsory voting would . obviously be stronger.
Objections to it at present lie mainly against de
tails. It is urged, for example, that no compulsion
should be laid upon the voter to ohoose between two
candidates neither of whom could he conscientiously
support. But in that event he could cast 'a blank or
a "scratched" ballot. He is within his .right in re
fusing to express a preference between two equally
offensive nominees; but it may be held that he has
no right to remain away from the polls. Mr. Ches
terton has argued that all who fail to vote should
be "counted in the negative," but that is to put a
premium upon sloth. An active negative by ballot is
much more significant than mere abstention. We
know too well what "apathy" means in elections',
but we should be much better off if, instead of their
apathy at home, we had all our citizens expressing
their honest zeal or their burning indignation at the
polls. ' ' ,
The whole subject is not yet ripe for positive
remedies embodied in law, but the deep interest taken
in it is both suggestive and encouraging. It helps
one to believe that the democratic experiment will
continue to keep level with its problems as they
successively present themselves. Whatever the ex
ad method of reform that may be adopted, it must
not omit to tie up intelligence with duty. Voting,
whether it should be made compulsory or not, cannot
safely, be severed from education. The two must
always go together.
1 Meaning of the Declaration !
... . . , ...
(John Quincy Adams)
The declaration of independence! The interest
which in this paper has survived the occasion upon
which it was issued the interest which is of every
age and every clime the interest "which quickens
with the lapse of years, spreads as it grows old,
and brightens as it recedes is in the principles which
it proclaims. It was the first solemn declaration by
a nation of the only legitimate foundation of civil
government. It was the cornerstone of a new fabric,
destined to cover the surface of the globe. It demol
ished at a stroke the lawfulness of all governments
founded upon conquest. It swept away all the rub
bish of accumulated centuries of servitude. It an
nounced, in practical form, to the world the trans
cendent truth of the inalienable sovereignty of the
people. It " proved that the social compact was no
figment of the imagination, but a real, solid and
sacred bond of the social union.
From the day of this declaration the people of
.North America were no - longer the fragment of a
distant empire, imploring justice and mercy from an
inexorable master, in another hemisphere. They
were no longer children, appealing in vain to the
sympathies of a heartless mother; no longer subjects,
leaning upon the shattered columns of royal prom
ises, and invoking the faith of parchment to secure
their rights. They were a nation, asserting as of
right, and maintaining by war, its own existence.. A
nation - was born in a day.
How many ages hence
Shall this, their lofty scene, be acted o'er
In states unborn, and accents yet unknown!
Loans to Farmers
The biggest question before the Canadian par
liament today is that of lending "money to farmers.
The great part of the savings of the country is in
the tills of the bankers. Those other savings, in
v the form of life insurance and trust and loan com
pany investments, are only a flea-bite compared with
what the banks hold. Most of the holdings of the
banks comes from the farmer. Yet he os the man
who cannot borrow from . the banks. He cannot
borrow on his real estate because banks are for
bidden to loan on such security. He cannot borrow
on wheat he may have in his barns, because the
law forbids that, too." He cannot borrow on a per
sonal note to any satisfactory extent. .
JARRED ON MR. KING'S EAR
The postmaster general in the house of com
mons informed Lord Tullibardine that there was no
telephone service to the islands of Rhum. Eigg,
Muck and Canna in the Hebrides, and no telegraph
Mr. King Can the right honorable- gentleman
not suggest some better names for these places?
(San Francisco Chronicle)
England made a very good bargain after the
war between Turkey and Russia. She is likely to
have a harder row to hoe now.
H. J. McClimg ...President
T. E. Pollock. . : . . .Vice-President
M. & McDougall. .Vice-President
II. D. Marshall, Jr Cashier
II. M. Galliver .... .Asst. Cashier
0. G. Fuller .Asst. Cashier
are never safe unless properly
eared for. We have modern Safe
Deposit Boxes in a modern vault.
For rent at a reasonable eost.
The Valley Bank
Pile Bank of Service"
Shorten her work. AVe
have the remedy at the
right price. Now is your
One G. E. Co.
With a Five Year (luaranlee
Pacific Gas and
230-232 WEST WASHINGTON ST.
Decrease in Rural Population
(Coal Trade Journal)
Months ago, when the census figures were
new, we alluded to the falling off of population in
the agricultural counties of New York state and
Pennsylvania and stated that even in a state like
Illinois there were many counties that showed no
increase in population. These facts indicated, we
stated, that the country coal dealer, the man located
in the small places, did not have much chance to
enlarge his business, and as the dealers in the
manufacturing centers and the larger places gen
erally grew- in importance, the country dealer would
become less of a factor.
We notice now that the Bluefield Telegraph has
taken up this matter of decreased rural population
and in pointing out that in the agricultural counties .
of West Virginia there is a falling off in the num
ber of inhabitants, so that the supplying of farm
products for the many busy miniAi; communities of
that state, and the half-dozen or so large centers of
population, is quite a problem. No less than eleven
counties of West Virginia showed a decrease in
population, while the rural, as distinguished from
the urban, population in half a dozen others de
creased. - :
But against the apprehension as to high cost
of Hying for the coal field people H is appropriate
to state that modern improvements have been ex
tended to the farm as well as the factory, and in
some lines one man can do ten or twenty times
as much work as his forefathers did. The decrease
in number of producers as compared with con
sumers is a serious matter, it is true, and yet we
must not overlook the matter of increased efficiency
attained through the use of machinery and other
SOCIALIST PROTESTS .
(Detroit Free Press)
It Is very well for the French socialists to pull
off these little soirees occasionally and gain an
extra holiday nd indulge in high sounding eloquence.
Possibly it is even a good thing, because it gives
vent to energy which otherwise would be danger
lOusby restrained. Bue we will be far more con
vinced of the efficacy of their gospel after the
"Marsellaise" has ben sung and me people have
been called out to marrh, we'll say, against the
Germans, and have failed to respond.
Every nation to its trade. Turkey ought to
stick to the rug and cigarette business and let
others do the fighting. Detroit News.
II. J. Mc Clung T. E
M. C. McDougall
H. D. Marshall jr.
Wm. S. Humbert
'L. II. Chalmers
W. A. Drake
Geo. A. Olney
Ban king Service"
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