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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
PHOENIX, ARIZONA, TUESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 24, 1914
VOL. XXIV. NO. 282
GENERAL STATE NEWS
FAMOUS INDIAN SCOUT DIES
ALONE ON DANGD NEAR IUSG0N
(.Special to The Republican)
Tl.'CSi N, Feb. 23. Holding invio
late the sacred secret of the location
ot the grave of the great Apache
chief, Cochise, his "blooil brother,"
Captain Thomas Jefferson Jeffords,
the famous pioneer Indian trader and
United States military courier, passed
away at his ranch at Owl's Head, 3,"
miles north of Tucson late Wednes
day evening at the advanced age of
S:; years, according to a dispatch
received last evening by Victor
Morajeska, his friend of late years
The dispatch did not state the
cause of his death, but it is supposed
to have been some sudden sickness,
as three weeks ago, when the grizz
led old Indian fighter was in the city
to meet State Historian Thomas Par
ish, he looked well and hearty. Some
of his friends thought last evening
that he might have been suddenly
stricken with pneumonia.
On receipt of the dispatch at the
Orndorff hotel Mr. Morajeska ac
companied by Arturo Carillo, under
taker of the Tucson Undertaking
company, left for the ranch to pre
pare the body for burial. The re
mains will be brought back to the
city, and the funeral will be held
later under the auspices of the Ari
zona Pioneers' society of which Cap
tain Jeffords was a member.
The news of the death of the vet
eran Arizonian caused universal re
gret among his many friends and
comrades of earlier days, when it be
came known last evening that he
had died at his ranch. Although of
late years he had been much of a
lecluse, still his friends had never,
forgotten him, and many had seen
him on his last two or three visits j
during the past few months.
Whatever else Captain Jeffords will '
be remembered by perhaps the most
interesting feature of his western
life, was his long and steadfast
friendship for the great Apache chief'
Cochise. The two were "blood
brothers," made so by the mystic
ceremony of the intermingling and
supping of blood from each other's
This sacred friendship Captain Jef
fords never violated and he remained
in the confidence of the famous
Apache warrior until the day of Co
chise's death. Captain Jeffords was
the only white man intrusted with I
the mysterious secret of the exact
location of the great chief's grave,
nnd to his dving day he never re-'
vealed it, and when his life ebbed
the secret died with him. !
As a pledge of his friendship and
siffeetion the great chief presented
Captain Jeffords with a double-bar-'
relied shotgun which he prized and
valued, just as he would an arm or
leg, as he said, and in his will he
bequeathed this historic weapon to
Morajeska, his friend and neighbor of
late years and his executor. He has
one brother, John Jeffords, now in (
the Soldiers' Home at Sawtelle, near :
Los Angeles. The entire property
left by Captain Jeffords, consisting
of the Owl's Head ranch and person
ill property, valued at less than $J0H0,
is left to this brother. No other
near relatives are known.
Captain Jeffords was born in New
York state in 1S31 and left home
when but a lad for the west. He
became a riverman on the Mississip
pi and Ohio rivers, and later was a
captain on a steamboat running from
New Orleans to the tipper Mississip
pi. He obtained his title of captain
in this position.
He next became a military mes
senger of the United States army and
was sent to New Mexico for duty
in 1S."9. He saw service in the civil
war in the fight made by the Union
troops under General Canby against
the invading Texas rangers, and was
at the battle of Apache Pass near
Santa Fe when the invaders were
finally routed. Following the civil
war Captain Jeffords became a trad
er with the Apache Indians in west
ern New .Mexico and Arizona. In
the year 1ST1 he succeeded in win
ning the reward of $2000 offered by
General Crook by bringing the great
chief Cochise into camp to treat for
In 1871 when General Howard came
to Arizona to make a permanent
treaty with Cochise and the Apaches,
Captain Jeffords' was the confidant
of both Howard and Cochise and
was instrumental in bringing the two
together. The treaty was finally
broken, it is claimed by the United
States government in ISTfi after the
death of Cochise. Up to this time
Captain Jeffords had been appointed
Indian agent for the Apaches through
the influence of General Howard and
remained until the breach between
the Indians and the government in
ISTfi, when he resigned his position.
When General Miles took command
of the forces for his campaign against
Geronimo in 1SSG he enlisted the
services of Jeffords and he served
for some time in that campaign as
a messenger and courier. For three
years in the early '90s he was post
trader at Fort Huachuca. tater, he
retired to the seclusion of his ranch
at" Owl's Head, about "5 miles north
of Tucson, and has not been seen
much of by his friends.
The historic winning of the $2000
reward prize offered by General
Crook for the bringing in of Co
chise in 1S71 by Captain Jeffords was
related last evening by II. Harrison
the well known mining man, who
opened the first mines at Magda
lena. Mr. Harrison was at that time
trader at Fort McRae near Canonada
Alamosa, about 100 miles west of
Socorro, N. M. He knew Captain
Jeffords well having first met him in
The Indians had been ordered to
come in to Canonada Alamosa and
many had obeyed but Cochise had
stayed out. Crook offered a prize
of $2000 to anyone who could bring
One night while sleeping Harrison
was awakened by Jeffords and the
two in company with several others
made the trip to the camp of Cochise.
Here Jeffords persuaded Cochise to
come in, promising that there were
no soldiers in Canonada Alamosa.
Cochise agreed, but when they near-
ed the place saw soldiers, which had
come in later. Cochise suspected
treachery and placed Harrison and
Jeffords as hostages under guard,
but after a peace parley at Canonada
Alamosa the matter was settled and
peace made. It illustrates the great
power over the Indians that Captain
Jeffords possessed, Mr. Harrison stat
ed last evening.
Mr. Harrison also had an exper
ience a year later when Apache In
dians with passes from Jeffords then
agent at Apache Puss in Arizona,
raided his ranch near Fort riaird and
killed his partner and several others.
These experiences he often talked
over with Captain Jeffords in later
years in Tucson.
"Captain Jeffords was six feet two
inches and straight as an arrow.
His hair was brown and his eyes
blue. lie generally was smooth
shaven. He was very quiet and
dressed usually in civilian dress ex
cept when he wore Indian costume.
He was absolutely without fear,"
Governor Hughes stated last evening,
"and his word was neved broken. He
was like an Indian in this respect,
and when he once gave his word it
Jeffords was a bachelor, never
marrying. He gambled much in the
early days, and often lost large sums
of money made by trading with the
Indians. He was of a very jovial
disposition and kept up his good
nature to his old age. In his death
Arizona has lost one of its most
unique chanu'lers, and one who in a
modest way contributed materially to
the events of the early history of
PRESCOTT LAWYER IS
Goes To Collect Debts But Falls Into
Smallpox Scare Instead
(Special to The Republican)
PUF.SCOTT, Feb. 2!i. Imprisoned
in a room at a hotel immediately
after his arrival, altercation with all
of the town authorities, treated to
an antiseptic bath and fumigation
and finally vaccinated, all against his
own wishes, are the experiences told
by Attorney James Ley upon his re
turn to this city from Wickenburg.
Ijiv states that he went to Wicken
burg to nrake collections for clients
of outstanding claims. lie went to
a hotel and obtained a room, put his
papers in readiness and was ready to
start his campaign when the Mayor
appeared and informed him that he
must stay bottled up, was under
quarantine as a smallpox patient as
there were four well developed cases
of tiie disease in the building. A
ruction followed which brought all
of the town officials to his room led
by the health officer.
After several hours in the room
I.oy effected a compromise whereby
he agreed to undergo an antiseptic
bath. This completed, fumigation fol
lowed, and then vaccination was in
sisted upon. The Preseott attorney
was then permitted to go and made
haste to catch the train as it was
leaving the station, fearing the re
sults of further delay in the town
that had given him so much exper
ience in preventive measures on
There's a Reason
For Aches ana Pains
Often some unsuspected habit, such as coffee
drinking, is the root of the trouble.
The average coffee drinker who suffers from
sleeplessness, headache, indigestion, nervous
ness or heart trouble usually says, "Coffee
doesn't hurt me," until some day Nature hauls
him up with a jerk.
It's poor business to trade health and a clear
brain for a few cups of coffee.
.The pure food-drink
$$!i.vr .J:'- in place of coffee, has put many a man
and woman on the Road to Wellville.
Postum is made of prime wheat and a small portion of molasses. It has a
delicious Java-like flavour, but none of the drusrs. "caffeine" and "tannin"
which make coffee a health destroyer.
If your own judgment leads to a trial oT Postum, for, say 10 days, and you
begin to sleep soundly, digest food better, and your nerves get steady, these
signs of returning health will show
There's a Reason" for POSTUM
Postum now comes in two forms.
Regular Postum must be well boiled. 15c and 25c packages.
Instant Postum a soluble powder. A teaspoonful, stirred in a cup of hot
water, makes a delicious beverage instantly. 30c and 50c tins.
The cost per cup of both kinds is about the same.
sold by Grocers everywhere.
J)am Higher Than Niagara
Falls Termed possible in
Cirand Can von at Cost
That Might Reach to
(Special to The Republican)
TUCSON, Ariz., Feb. 2". Man has
dared not only to conceive, but to
propose the building of a dam higher
than Niagara Falls. It is the Grand
Canyon of the Colorado River in
Northern Arizona which it is pro
posed to dam. The dam will be 200
feet or higher.
It may be o00 feet high, if desired,
because the canyon is a mile deep at
the site, near the El Tovar hotel, and
there is incentive, since the higher
the darn the greater the amount of
power that can be generated.
llecausr of the tremendous possi
bilities for the generation of power,
the proposal is interesting, from an
industrial standpoint to the entire
State of Arizona. It means that elec
trical energy will be trarrsmitted by
power lines to every part of the
state and the current sold at a price
that will permit of the irrigation of
desert lands at not to exceed $2.50
per acre a year. This will increase
desert lands in value from t'l perl
acre to $100 per acre. j
While irrigation projects already j
have brought thousands of acres nn-j
der cultivation, power from the
Orand Canyon will multiply the acre- j
age that may profitably be culti-
That the dam in practicable from i
an engineering standpoint was de
cided last fall by Col. Fpes Randolph,
president of the Southern Pacific oft
Mexico and Arizona Eastern railroads.
That it is commercially feasible he (
is now certain. His conclusions have;
been checked up by other engineers
of national reputation and found to
Col. Randolph and his associates
are looking into their "legal rights
and should no serious objections by j
government or state develop, they
will proceed to finance the project.
To do so will reipiire from $44,000,000 j
to $",0,0(!0.0o0 His associates are
Ralph H. Cameron, former represent
ative from Arizona, then a, territory,
in the house of representatives and
Eugene S. Ives.one of the most dis
tinguished lawyers of the southwest.
Cameron lives in Phoenix, the state
capital. Randolph and Ives live in
Col. Randolph will be recalled as
the engineer and railroad president
who went to the assistance of the
Imperial Valley of California when
its inundation was threatened by the
Colorado river in ISOfi. All that
country is below sea level. The river
broke through its banks and created
the Salton Sea. Randolph turned it
back into its proper channel, .which
carries the waters to the Gulf of
Cameron has owned a homestead on
the rim of the Grand Canyon since
he was a boy. It is at this point that
the dam will be built.
It will be of concrete as most dams
are now bunt. It win ne a rocK-riu
Ham and me material win cooie
the walls of the canyon. It is propos
ed to detach great boulders by means
of dynamite, hurling them into the
stream below. When it is said that
boulders are to be used, boulders as
big as three-story buildings are
meant. They can be hurled into the
stream like so many pebbles.
While the surface of Southern Ari
zona is so dry at most seasons that
it takes "seven acres to rust a nail"
vast stores of water are found in the
gravel strata at depths of from IS
to lfiO feet. The water can be pump
ed profitable at the greater depths if
cheap power can be obtained.
The soil is as fertile as any in the
world and owing to the mild winters
crops can be grown the year round.
The eloquence of centuries looks down upon Mexican drawn work. The wo
men of that country have made drawn work their amusement as well as
tneir labor tor hundreds of years, and their ex
perience is so focused on the present generation.
SfJ w VCA? S
too busy with other things.
It is like the glass blowers of Bohemia or the
brass workers of Russia. It has become an in
stinct with them, and to such an extent that
you cannot offer the drawn work of other na
tions in comparison.
There is hardly another nation where work of
this character would be possible. It is the so
cial customs and the religious system of Mexi
co that are responsible for the drawn work
which comes therefrom. American women are
There are but few sisters nf Mwpv in tViia
country and when an American woman undertakes t.n earn her nwn li'vincr
she wants to make it faster than is possible from doing drawn work. The
Sisters of Guadalajara can find but little else with which to engage their
time. And so it comes around that they excel at drawing the threads from
linen. And so it is, too, that the products of their hands are so scarce.
They are scarce everywhere but at the Big Curio.
U. S. INDIAN TRADER AND COLLECTOR
At the Big Curio on Adams Street.
Worsely Is Surprised
TUCSON Relative to the an
nouncement published in Risbee that
Senator Worsely had withdrawn from
the gubernatorial race, he himself
says: 'The announcement of my
withdrawal from the race for gover
nor is a complete surprise to me as
I have never marie a public an
nouncement that I was in the race.
I have talked with friends about it
and that is all."
San Carlos Must Wait
TUCSON Senator Hark Smith
writes to the president of the cham
ber of commerce here that "it would
be fruitless at this session to intro
duce a bill containing an appropria
tion for the San Carlos irrigation
project, as all projects must be or
dered by the department and paid
for out of the irrigation fund. The
fund is now too small to include so
large a project as the San Carlos
Longs for Asylum
DOUGLAS That the city appeals
to the city child and the country
palls, was shown when a ten-year
orphan child, adopted from the I-os
Angeles asylum, ran away from the
ranch of her adopted mother and
sought to buy a ticket to the coast
with 40 cents. She was taken in
(Continued on Page Eight.)
STUDENTS WILL SINK
SHAFT AT UNIVERSITY
Actual Working Experience in Under
ground Conditions Will Be
(Special To The Republican)
TUCSON, Feb. 23. Actual mining
experience is to be Riven the students
taking the course in mining at the
state university here in a shaft which
they will sink on the university
grounds. Encounter of minerals is
not expected but actual ground work
conditions will confront the student
miners. It is a result of the original
idea and efforts of Professor Willis.
The experiment of sinking a shaft
will bring up many difficulties which
will be worked out by the students.
All sorts of ground will he encount
ered for there is a big body of caliche
and there is loose ground and sand,
and the drifting, raising, stoping and
timbering will all have to be done
by the young men. At present the
university has seventeen makes of
machine drills and all of these will
have to be mastered by the amateur
miners. They will also be required
to make their own timbering. It is
expected to prove a practical exper
ience that will be invaluable in after
life in their profession.
France haa a trade union member
ship of over a million.
Why Keep Your
He Makes Everything Grow!
WHY set out a citrus tree in February when the trees will do better when
set out after the ground warms up in March or April?
WHY buy a tree balled in the old way, with only a small ball of loose dirt
around its roots which have all been disturbed and exposed to the air?
WHY buy trees that have been stored for months and that were balled in
the old way the old dirt has dried the small roots have died and little
besides the tap root is alive, when you can buy trees freshly balled with
a 50 or 60 pound ball of undisturbed soil and with not a root injured or
WHY do anything wrong and make a ifailure when you can do it right and
make a success?
WHY buy your trees from the CAMELBACK NURSERY? Because they
are the thriftiest and best trees ever put on this market! Because they
are specially balled with Helm's patented Balling Machine, which
leaves a 50 or 60 pound ball of undisturbed earth around each tree.
Trees transplanted when balled in this way can be moved in the heat
of summer without checking their growth or affecting the trees in any
The CAMELBACK NURSERY will begin balling and deliv
insr its trees early in March. Trees bought from us are balled
one day and set out the next.
C. I. HELM, R. F. D. No. 1, Phoenix, Ariz.
Visitors welcome. Nursery located one-half mile south of the Indian School
road and one-half mile west of Cross-Cut Canal. Phone 102 R 3