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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, TUESDAY MORNING, APRIL 14, 1914 ' l ill Arizona Republican's Editorial Page E4 . . , The Arizona Republican Published by ARIZONA PUBLISHING COMPANY. The Only Paper in Arizona Published Every Day In the Year. Only Morning Paper in Phoenix. Dwight B. Heard President and Manager Charles A. Stauffer Business Manager fJarth W. Cate Assistant Business Manager J. W. pear Editor Ira H. S. Huggett City Editor Exclusive Morning Associated Press Dispatches. Otiice, Corner Second and Adams Streets. Entered at the Postoffioe at Phoenix, Arizona, as Mail Matter of the Second Class. Address all communications to THE ARIZONA REPUB LICAN. Phoenix. Arizona. TELEPHONES: Business Office 422 City Editor 433 SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Daily, one month, in advance i .75- Iiaily, three months, in advance 2.00 laily. six months, in advance 4.00 laily, one year, in advance 8.00 Sundays only, by mail 2.50 TUESDAY MORNING, APKIL 14, 1914 It's encouraging to sinners to hear something against saints. Mrs. George Wemyss. Co-operation of Farmers The sec-md National Conference on Marketing and Farm Credits will begin in Chicago today and will continue four days. The first conference a year ago resulted in country-wide benefit. It aroused in the first place, an interest in "the pro posed rural reforms; it developed that many of ihein were already under way with beneficial re sults in progressive communities hut the move ments were isolated; it sel students to inquiring into the methods employed, in European countries where the movement has been approaching a per fected system, and it created strong sentiment in this country in favor of legislation to encourage the objects sought. The first step, of course, is co-operation and we can think of no situation in which co-operation has a broader meaning than in this movement. It is co-operation in all things, in the raising of crops, in tile standarization of products, in marketing and in the means for securing financial assistance. It is much more than the grangers' plan of co-operation of a generation ago or that of the various farmers' aliances since. agreements to withhold tlnir products from the markets for satisfactory prices, to establish "corners'" for themselves, rather than to let the middlemen do it. It is proposed in this movement to stimulate and encourage, rather than to starve markets; to distribute the products of the farm so as to sup ply the more insistent demands for them and to simplify the marketing itoblem further by the ex cellence and standardization of products. We have lately shown how this has been ac complished in the matter of Elgin butler, by which is no longer meant, butter made in the Elgin dis trict but butter made anywhere in the United States, not only of the grade of Elgin butter but marketed in the same manner and by men engaged in the distribution of Elgin butter. Hardly any other product of the farm presents such difficult marketing problems as fruit. In one l.Kality, fruit by the ton is going to waste. It is absolutely worthless. In another, the cost of caring for it and for shipping it is not met. In still an other there may be a bare profit, while in many ..calities it would be taken at fancy prices if it could be delivered. But such places of consumption are separated from the sources of production by im passable gulfs which can be bridged only by country-wide co-operation. Local fruit exchanges have helped somewhat, luit the co-operation has been entirely local and the benefits have been confined within narrow limits. If there can be co-operation among ex changes as there may be among the members of an exchange the benefits would be extended. The first problem to be solved is that of prop er distribution and that can be secured only by united effort in securing transportation at the right time ami the right rates: in presenting a solid front ngainst the demands of barrel and box manufac turers; in the thinning of the ranks of the middle men and in bringing the products of the farm as directly as possible and with as little expense as possible, to the cosumer. Wool and the Tariff Administration newspapers gleefully remind us that the prediction of dire things as a result of the tariff legislation of last year has come to naught. They point, for instance, to the fact that wool is higher now than it was a year ago, though it has been placed on the free list. Surely, no one would contend that a possible resull of such legislation would be higher wool. We must look for some other cause for the increased price, for the price is higher now than it was a, year ago. Arizona wool sold then for 17 cents a pound. Nearly all of the wool snorn this year at the Alorristown camp has. been sold at from 22 Vi to 2.1 cents. Certainly this ad nnce of 5 or 6 cents a pound cannot be traced to throwing down the bars to the wool of the world. If that were true, low tariff or no tariff would be a ban thing for consumers. ' The ract is there is a wool shortage all over the v.oild. The Balkan war stopped a most important contribution to the world's supply. Drouth in Aus tralia reduced another source and it han happened that something has gone wrong within the last yeir in almost every producing country. This was or servtd while the Underwood bill was pending and it was that condition that emiioldened the deimerats to place wool on the free list. We recall a conversation we had with a mem ber of the Arizona delegation in congress before the passage of the tariff bill on the occasion of his return to Phoenix while the bill was pending. The effect of its passage upon a great Arizona indus try was under discussion. He was fortified with reports from American consular agents in all parts of the world, showing that the supply of wool would be at its lowest ebb this year. He concluded: "This is the first time the Almighty has been with the democratic party when it was monkeying with the tariff." But can the party count upon divine aid next : ear or the year after? May there not be a heavy v orld crop of wool ? The wool production of the world is generally a matter of a season or two. A tariff bill generally stands until it wrecks the party that enacted it after having wrecked or B" uly disturbed industry and commerce. If, in spite of free wool, wool is five or six tvn's higher than it was last year it would un doubtedly still be higher if the tariff had not been removed. We are not saying that it is not high ei-ough now. It should never be so high as jo be come a needless burden to the consumer who, by the Vhy, was put forward by the democrats as the chief beneficiary of the proposed legislation. But he has not yet profited by it. Clothing is no cneaper than it was under the old law and the chances are that the consumer will pay more for clothing and blankets next fall than he has paid for several years, not, of course, because of the tariff, but because of the wool shortage. If, next season there should be a heavy world supply of wool shid the price should drop as it ild in the same circumstances when the Wilson bill was in operation twenty years ago, when the sheep industry was wiped out, consumers would receive no more bei.efit from low wool than they did then. The manufacturers and the middlemen would, as they did then, garner all the profits to themselves. Clothing has never been since so high as it was durini, that blissful period of cheap wool. We have in trade and commerce not only the law of supply and demand to govern us. but wp have human nature to deal vvjth. The law of sup ply and demand is shifting but human nature is uncharging. The ushering in of the day at Sing Sing yester day was a horrible affair, but in this world horrible affairs are frequently inevitable if order is to be preserved. If such things as happened at Sing Sing had happened earlier; if cognizance had been taken of the operations of the "gangs" of New York some years ago, these gunmen, the sons of respectable parents, would not have become gunmen and they would still be alive. To have sent them to the penitentiary for life would not have served the purpose. It was generally believed that they would not die. Death for a crime like those which had been protected hy politicians and winked at by the authorities was unthinkable. "Whitey Lewis," "Dago Frank," "Oyp the Blood" and "Lefty Louie" were no worse than scores of gangsters who have flourished in the past; they were not nearly as bad as many. They sinned at a time unfortunate for themselves out fortunate for society. The surviving gunmen will lie low lor a time, meditating upon that curious looking contrivance up at Sing Sing which men call a chair, perhaps because those who sit in it for awhile seemingly enjoy perfect rest. We join in the welcome of Hon. Marcus A. Smith on his return to Phoenix. Mr. Smith is a lovable gentleman. He has done much for Arizona, notwithstanding a certain campaign booklet issued by republicans some years ago purporting to be descriptive of his legislative achievements, though it was filled with blank pages. -Mr. Smith is our United States senator. We say "our," though we in no wise contributed to his election. But we hope that on that account he does not consider himself a purely; democratic senator and still less, the senator of any faction of democrats. An actuary cursed he his kind has pretended to have discovered that unmarried women live long er than their married sisters. Isn't it hard enough to inveigle women into the matrimonial corral with out this additional incentive to stay out? TO A ROSE Here in evening's solitude, Unwatched, unseen by anyone. In happy sweet contented mood Aline eyes o'er dear mementoes run. Come forth fair rose and let me view Thy rich perfections o'er again, Those happy moments to renew In memory's fond enduring chain. Thy crimson glow I'm sure was caught While to her cheeks thou wast held high. h rapture sweet. Oh happy thought, Perchance she kissed you, so will I. t How sweet and fresh thy fragrance is, What solace it doth yield to me; Ah, yes I'm sure that with a kiss She gave thy sweetness unto thee. Now go back to thy place among My other treasures, my dear rose, Sweet token of a love now young, That richer, riper, each day grows. G. M. Willard. A THOROUGH SCHOLAR Rufus B. Richardson, for 10 years the head of the celebrated American school for classical studies at Athens, who has died at Clifton Springs, N. Y., was a sincere and thorough scholar. Besides having been professor of Greek in Indiana university and Dartmouth, he had been principal of the high school in Chicopee Center from 1879 to 1881. Aside from numerous shorter writings on art and archeology, which had chiefly to do with excavations made by the American school at Eretria and Corinth, his books were "Vacation Days in Greece," "Greece Through the Stereoscope" and "History of Greek Sculpture." He married in 1876 Miss Alice Linden Bowen of the well-known family identified with Woodstock, Cofln., and, for many years, with the publication of the Independent. Springfield Repub lican. THE AMENDED TOUCH The Beggar Oh, lady a halfpenny but what a pity to open a beautiful bag for such a trifle! ATeggendorfer Elaetter. as.; ..'.I The battleship Texas. Here is Uncle Sam's newest battleship. It is one ot the most powerful fighters afloat, carrying ten fourteen-inch guns. Farm Notes BY HOWARD L. RANN One of the most pathetic sights on the farm is hat of a genial work horse trying to take a cheer ful view of life in the face of an ingrowing toenail. Nine times out of ten it will be found that the animal has been shod by a cross-eyed farrier wlio.se ancestors inoculated, the noble red man with astig- . matism and the booze habit. It is a lamentable fact that the average horse shoer is aoout as coarse in his work as a married flirt on a Sunday school excursion. The blacksmith who fits a pair of No. 9 calks on a genteel roadster Willi a high instep calling for a 7 A last ought to have Ids eyes straightened up with a pair of brass knuckles. More racing mares have been ruined by black smiths whose sight is as defective as the vision of the night watch during the county fair than from running a wire nail through a new half sole. If the intellectual giant who shoes your horses is so near sighted that he drives a nail' with the accuracy of grandpa repairing the hen coop, you had better trust them to the mercies of the nearest cooper, stewed or sober. The cupidity of man has destroyed a promising industry, that of making soft soap ut of wood ashes and gum arabic. This simple combination pro duced a soap that would eat the lining out of a copper boiler. It was chiefly used to wash out the mouths of small boys who were caught in the act of saying "galdum it" under their breath. One ap plication of this soap would destroy the sense of taste so that a boy couldn't tell a belt pickle from a cream puff. It was also very popular for the Saturday night bath, for a man didn't have to grope around like a cross-eyed chambermaid hang ing out the wash and finally locate it behind his left ear In the sou'-east corner of the bath tub. It is hard to improve upon the old wa.is. THE RANGER Lonesome? With azure sky o'er head, And miles of plain to view. Aly horse to ride, and by my side. My dog a friend, most true. Aly "Alaiiin" brings my food to me. From forests, and the air. And offerings of bush and vine. Complete my bill of fare. A stream or mountain springs is near To quench my thirst, when dry. And when at night I seek repose, My Sentinel's alert, close by. Coyotes' wail, my ears assail, A burro's distant bray. Or mournful sound of howling hounds, A mile or two away. The crickets chirp, or croak of frog. As nature's lullaby's. Floats in from far orf marsh or bog. To close my tirexl eyes. At break of day I'm on my way, Dawn, always gladness brings. My lungs inhale the wholesome scent, Of green and growing things. The cities hold no charm for me With noise and glare, and sham But out here on the mountain tops, I am content a man. M. Lauretta Green, Bisbee. "Isn't this Senator Ash Hearst of Arizona a son of W. R. Hearst?" was asked a reader who replied, "No, my son, he is only an obedient and devoted nephew." as who fleriS3SM .SMfViAVi-J!W,W. Killing Time By WALT MASON J. Johnson Jinks has wealth to burn, though not a kopeck did he earn. His father croaked some years ago, and left him forty kinds of dough, and he has basked in gilded ease since he was lower than your knees. And life to him is bleak and drear, and every hour seems like a year. He does not work like useful boys, but buys new cars and other toys, and wearies of thorn when they're bought, tor nothing seems to reach the spot. He ' travels here and travels there, and finds new bore dom and despair; his only task is killing time, and that's a nuisance and a crime. There's naught on e-rth will take the kinks from out the soul of J. J. Jinks, because he never learned to toil, nor had to make the kettle boil. I'd rather labor in the ditch than iie so useless and so rich. This world is but a poor report for any overloaded sport who tries to purchase cheap renown with wealth his old man handed down. I'd rather have one silver bone, that I have earned, that is my ow n, than have a bundle in my till, awarded by some dead one's will. MOTHER GOT THE WIRE Here is one that was told at a recent dinner by Senator William P. Dillingham of Vermont, when the conversation turned to telephone talks. Some time ago a woman in a New England city took down the receiver of a party-line telephone and found that the wire was busy. "I just put on a pan of beans for dinner," she heard one woman serenely informing another. Mother hung up the receiver and waited for the conversation to end. That is, she took down the receiver again at the end of half an hour, but to -her dismay she found that the wire was still busy. Again she took it down and yet again, but the complacent conversation flowed sweetly on. Then mother became exasperated. "Say, madam." she exc(aimed with piercing, dis tinctness, "I smell your beans burning." "Why, so they are!" came, back the gaspy cry as the telephone closed. Philadelphia Telegraph. EQUATIONS A bird in the hand ' Is worth two in the bush; A hair in the head - Is worth all in the brash. Put this in your pipe And smoke it at home A tooth in the mouth It worth ten in the cornh, Birmingham Age-Herald. Four Advantages The man or woman who maintains a checking account inithis. bank has four advantages over the one who does not the money is in perfect safety; his or her affairs are kept systematically; much "time, trouble and inconvenience, can be saved by paying bills by check; and as a check is a legal receipt after it has been cashed, there is no possibility of pay ing the same bill a second time. 1 " . The Phoenix National Bank COME NOW AND OPEN AN ACCOUNT. A DOLLAR WILL DO IT! THE . VALLEY BANK "Everybody's Bank." Home Builders Issue a ' ; Gold Notes ' ; Drawing ' ' ' 6 INTEREST. May be withdrawn on demand. Assets $535,000.00 ; Funds idle temporarily can earn something. Put your dollars to work. Home Builders 127 N. Central Ave Our Escrow Department can serve you satisfactorily. The safe way the modern way is our way. Phoenix Title and Trust Co. IS North First "Ave. THREE CLASSES "There are three classes of books." "What are' they?" The few that you buy yourself because you really want them; those that are given to you and the sets that some clever book agent succeeds In persuading you that you ought to have." Detroit Free Press. NOT IN THAT CLASS "Have you had any experience with children?" "No, ma'am; I always worked in the best fami lies. Philadelphia Public Ledger. '; - THEN HE BRISTLES UP A Baltimore man, Mr. Hogshead, has applied to have his name changed. He claims that the name Hogshead makes him a butt.