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TIIE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, MONDAY 'MORNING, APRIL 20, 1914 tJll Arizona Republican's Editorial Page The Arizona Republican Published by ARIZONA PUBLISHING COMPANY. The Only Paper In Arizona Published Every Day In the Year. Only Morning Paper in Phoenix. I'wlglit H. Heard President and Manager Charles A. Stauffer business Manager (;rth W. Cate Assistant Business Manager J. W. Spear Editor tra 11. S. Huggett City Editor Exclusive Morning Associated Press Dispatcher OMice. Corner Second and Adams Streets. Entered at the I'ostot'fiee at Plioeulx, Arizona, as Mall Matter of the Second Class. Address all communications to THE ARIZONA KEPl'B I.1CAN. Phoenix. Arizona. TELEPHONES: Ruiness Office 422 City Editor 433 SUBSCRIPTION. KATES: Daily, one month, in-advance. . : $ .75 I'aily. three months, in advance 2.00 Daily, six months, in advance 4.00 Iwily, one year, in adance 8 uo Sundays only, by mail 2.50 .MONDAY MOKXIXG, APIill. I'd, 1914. Imagination makes people aide to put themselves in other people's places. It makes them kind ami sym pathetic and understanding. -lean Webster. Why a Merger Is Impossible There is one. short .picstion which should be put to every man who advocates a merger of the pro gressive and republican parties: "On what basis." Let all proceedings looking to a. merger- be sus pended until a satisfactory answer has been sub Jnitted. Wt. suspect that the suspension will be in definite. Down in their hearts some republicans, ami, per haps, some progressives, have the answer which they will not breathe aloud: "The basis of our common desire to secure the offices and apportion them among ourselves." Rut the offices mean noth ing to the real progressive, except as they give opportunity to carry out progressive principles. They could not be used for that purpose if they should be divided by iot according to the trims and condi tions of a merger- The progressive-party must gain strength from accretion and not from combination. There is no poiitieal organization tir.it can be assimilated wall it. Th-re is no party with which it could nn.rgc and 1'cinain progressive. Lives and Territory "All of Mexico," says a writer, "is not worth the lift of a single American soldier." We may go fur ther than that and say that all the territory in the world is not worth a single human life. There has been no proposal to go to war with .Mexico with any part of the territory as the expected meed of victory. The man who concludes that "all Jiexico is not wort.i the life of a single American soldier" proves that he has been engaged in a pretty cold blooded calculation and has arrived at a result which had long before been well understood. Americans do not want to go to war at all, but wars are not always mutters of choice, any more than Mimmls between wtll meaning neighbors are the results of deli.1er.1te provocations. One or the other or both may be to blame, but the initial fault may not be intentional. It hiis been a long time since the United Htau s has been engaged in a war -of conquest- In fact, no war was ever begun in this country witii eon'roost as its object, though territorial acquisition followed two wars in which we were engaged. The Home-Run When is a home-run not :i home-run'.' is dis cussed by Hilly Evans in the current Harper's Weekly. He says that the much-mooted question has been settled this year by the addition of a brief section to the old rule requiring the runner to touch all bases in regular order. Tbt- specific requirement adjusts a conflict between the old rule giving the batter a home-run for a fair b-illhitted over the fence or into a Stand hevond a specified distance lr..m the home plate, and a general rub- ixquiring runner to touch every base. It was the theory of some that the first rule gave the batsman a run by the mere achievement of having knocked the ball over the fence beyond the plescrilml distance from the plate. But in the quotation of the former rule, which, uf course, still stands, modified by the requirement that the bases must always be touched. We suspect that there is a typographical error; that is we. would suspect it if we saw it anywhere else tiian in Harper's Weekly: "A fair batted bail that goes must pass over the' fence to entitle the batsman to a man to 11 home run unless it (the b'-iIO should pass tint of the ground or into the stand at a distance of less than, -S'ij feet from the home ' plate, in which case, the batsman shall be entitled to only two. bases. Assuming the foregoing figures to be correct, anil Mr. X'orman Hapgood is a stickler for accuracy, we think the rule should be 1 emode.led. Tf a fair ball pusses over the feme at a distance of not less than ;.:;:!." feet fiom the home plate, whence the ball is butted, it must be supposed that it has been invested with a degree of momentum that will carry it at least StJJ feet beyond the fence. Thai would make a distance of exactly half a mile. We should favor a rule giving to the man who should bat a ball such a distance, not only a home run, but also a crown and a harp and eternal glory, and giving his side the game without any further play or quibbling. We respectfully refer this sugges tion to the rules committer for further action pre vious to the opening of the season of lilt 5. Since writing the above we have conferred with the sporting editor, whom We have generally found to b a reliable young man, repiarkably well in formed regarding frivolous, worldly amusements, and he says the distance at or beyond which the ball to entitle the batsman to a must pass over the fence home run is 2X feet and not J.: Via feet. That seems more reasonable. Combination in Restraint of Excellence Comity is a nice tiling, but it may be carried tun fur and be put to an improper use, as we are re- minded by a story in The Republican yesterday morning- of the Oxford life of the Arizona Rhodes scholarship buys. In the story it is stated: "It is the testimony of the Rhodes trustees that in states where there is but one university, such as in Arizona, the nominations for llie Rhodes scholarships have been of a high order. There has 1mm n a tendency in other states for the scholarships to be traded around among colleges of the state." It thus appears that where there are two or more universities in a state, they defer too much ... to each other or to one another; competition is wiped out. .The best man Tnay not be appointed to Oxford for the reason that a candidate was named the year before -from the university where the best inn n this year happens to reside. All students except those of the university whose turn conies this year ale practically barred from examination- The purpose of the founder is defeated and the state fails of proper representation in order that llie friendly relations between or among the univer sities may be maintainPll. Here, by a learned gentle men's agreement, we have combination in restraint of excellence. That is worse than a combination in restraint of trade, ami that kind of combination is criminal. DILUTING THE GERMAN LANGUAGE Xo Englishman who has been in Germany a sufficient length of time to allow him to become conversant with the more common idioms and forms of speech will have Tailed to notice that for eign words constitute an unexpectedly large part of the ordinary German's vocabuiarly. Many of these words, which by one' process "' another have been assimilated into the language and grown familiar in everyday conversation, are of English origin, though the novel methods of pronunciation to w hii-h they are subjected generally render them extremely puzzling, if not wholly unrecognizable to those of us who should naturally be the first to welcome and appreciate them. The word "bluff." for instance, is a great favorite with tile political leader-writers of the Fatherland, and may be relied upon to put in an appearance in any discussion of political affairs between a Oernrin and Englishman. lint of the many foreign words current in Ger man the great majority are French. So common are they, indeed, that an Englishman, who is a fairly fluent French conversationalist, on finding himself stranded in Germany with only a limited vocabulary at bis command will almost immediately acquire tile habit of first translating the English word he wishes to express into French and then giving the French word a German form. And as often as not he will hit the mark. There is a very large class of Ger man verbs which form their ending in ' ieren." such as "marschieren." "pyrieren," "ilictieren.' all of which are directly derived from the French. Xor is it uncmumon to find in ordinary usage in Ger many French words which in England are .only seen and not heard. There are certain shops to be found in Oxford street and the surrounding neighborhood which la bel themselves "Friseur." but nobody ever thinks of referring to them in conversation by any other name than that of 'Hairdresser. Rut in Germany a hairdresser is actually spoken of as a "Friseur" because it is impossible to call him anything else unless you employ the word "barbier." and even then you will still be talking French and not Ger man. And if you wish to mention the pavement you have to call it a "trotller," or. if you fly the town and desert the narrow streets for the broad high-road, where are you? n the "chausscc." Loudon Globe. THE YUKON-TANANA COLD REGION The first gold deposits found in inland Aslaska were in the Vukon-Tanana region, which com prises an upland diversified by broad valleys, stretching westward fiom the international boun dary to the great bend of the Yukon. The earliest of the pioneer prospectors crossed the I'hilkoot pass about 1SM. and six later began mining in the in terior of Alaska after finding gold in the Yukon Tana 11a region. Since then this region has pro duced gold to the value of $x.'!,iinii,i)iin. The Fnited States Geological Survey began its survey of this field, which embraces some 40,imid square miles, in lx!iK. With the issuing of the report on the portion of the region known as the Circle quadrangle, pub lished recently as Bulletin 53. geological and typo graphic reconnaissance maps, together with a de scription of the mineral resources of this area, became available. The town of Circle, from which the report lakes its name, is one of the oldest white settlements on the Yukon. It was located before the surveyor had determined that the town was not in the Arctic circle, as supposed, but fifty miles south of it. Lest the nearness of the Antic circle be indicative of ice and snow, it should be noted that there arc neither glaciers nor permanent snow- in the Yukon Tanana region. It is. indeed, a land of fertile val- leys and grassy slopes, anil during the short but warm summers vegetation thrives, many grains can be ripened and vegetables gTow luxuriantly. of course the establishment of adequate railroad trans portation facilities may be expected to greatly de velop this entire region. The Circle quadrangle owes its chief present importance to the placer mines of the Birch creek district, which, though worked in only a small way, have produced gold to the value of nearly $",''. lino. DRAWING UNCLE JEFF OUT Apropos of his policy of silence Mayor Mitchell of New York said at a dinner: "In silence there is safety. They who want op inions, often get opinions they don't want. Take the young planter's case. , "A 'young .Mississippi planter had a servant, 1'ncle Jeff, who had cared lor him as a child and who was very devoted to him. The young man became engaged to a neighboring beauty who was credited with a very bad temper. Noticing that 1'ncle Jeff never mentioned his coming marriage, the young planter said one clay: "Jeff, you know I'm going to marry Miss Lamar?' " Yes,' was the reply, '1 knows it.' " I -haven't you say anything about it," per sisted the planter. '"No,- acknowledged Jeff. "Taint for me to say nuffin' about it. I isn't got nuffin' to say.' "'But what's your opinion about it?' "'Well, massa,' said Jeff with some hesitation, 'yon know one thing the most pisenesest snakes has got the most prettiest skins.'" Xew oYrk 1 Ilohe. POSSIBLY "You may b president of the I'nited States si me day. niv little man.' "I guess I'd have a better chanc little woman." Xew- York Times. if I was FAMILY OF BRAZILIAN NAVAL ATTACHE P' .. . ram Madam de Aquine Farm Notes BY H. L. RANN We have a confidential letter from a good sister who says that her husband's relatives have fa'b it into the cheerful habit of making her home a rest lesort about four S.inuays a month, thereby vausin.r her Saturday baking to resemble the pallid frag ments of a free lunch. There is nothing in oir marriage laws which says thi't the peace and qui-.t of the Sabbath Llay shall be disturbed by the efforts of a wife to stall the appetites of her husliand's folks with boiled cabbage and Lima beans. The trouble is. you never can tell the storage capacity f a hungry relative with feet like a boiler top by the size of his waist line. You can take a Georgia cracker who is charged with hops up to his arm pits, anil you will find that - he has a receding stomach which will stretch like a fat woman in a ' inn-yard dash. Then again, we have seen men who look as if they could eat the lining out of a hay cooker, and if you lead thclti up to a business men's lunch their appetites will shrink faster than a modest gent bel'oie the Dance of the Seven Veils. The next time a horde of relatives with elastic side walls and rumbling stomach valves descends upon our sister's happy home, we advise her to flavor the consomme with hair oil and charge the olives w ith styrchnine.. If this doesn't ,(ive her a brief period for Sabbath meditation, the case is hojM-less. We notice that the hand-Vainte.d coffee put is hacking -in again. It is now found in the most ex clusive homes, along with the crayon portrait of futhy in a string mustache. Thus do outcropping. of the artistic temiM-rament multiply. WHY FOOD SPOILS our grandmothers preserved food by various methods. They cured, smoked and salted meat, dried and canned vegetables, preserved, dried and pickled fruits: they put down eggs in different ways, and by vigorously salting butter and packing . it in jnrs kept this commodity for 11 considerable time. They did all these things and did them well. but tljey did not know why this treatment was ne cessary. The methods were "lucky" and they had no way of controlling processes they did not under stand. Micro-organisms are present everywhere; in the earth, in air, dust, water, 'and evert in our bo dies. Their Innocent, seemingly undirected, but wholly proper purpose, from their point of view, is to secure food lor their own growth, develop ment and perpetuation of of kind. The trouble arises because their food is our food. In our pur suit of food material we destroy ninny things and develop others. Thus do the 'germs about us. It is a constant race between man and the micro organisms as to which will get tir the food first, anil all our modern methods relating to care of food have for their basis a knowledge of what deters or prevents the action of molds, yeasts and bacteria. .Molds, yeasts and bacteria hot alone behave differently, but have to be treated in somewhat dif ferent ways. Some things which affect one affect all. others do not. The goods most liable to mold are bread, cake or anything made from wheat flour: cheese, certain fruits, preserves, canned fruits, and even pickles, when given an opportunity.' Molds are not dangerous; they do not develop poisons, but they do spoil food, and if allowed to go un checked putrefaction and decay occur. Helen Louise Johnson in Woman's World. BOILING THE KETTLE Mrs. Campbell had engaged a new maid. "Martha," said the mistress, on the first morning, "be careful always to boil the teakettle before making the tea." Martha signified her willingness and after an absence in the kitchen returned to her mistreifs and said: " "Please, mum. there's nothin' big enough to boil the teakettle in, 'less 'tis the wash boiler, sure." Xational Monthly,".'.. and daughter. Untimely Guests By WALT MASON Its hard to wear a saintly smile wiien bores ex claim together. "We've just dropped in to talk while about the crops and weather." The earnest man gets down to brads, sells goods or scribbles sonnets, to earn the .dollars of our (lads, and kep his wile in-bonnets: he has no time to fooj away, he needs each precious second: if man would win at baling hay. each moment must be reckoned. And so the toiler, anxious-eyed, must labor at his fences, if he would k'ep his wife supplied with coin for bridge expenses. And when his troubles are so thick that he could fairly blubber, the bores come in. Hank. Tom and Dick, and sit and talk and ruber. There ought to he a law. methinks. for those who thrash the weather, compelling all such idle ginks to go and herd together. It Isn't fair that busy folks must evermore be bothered, by dizzy jays with dizzy jokes and gags they've lately fathered. Protect the man who to his work with righteous fervor passes, and boil the idler and the shirk in sulphur and molasses. PACIFIC COAST LUMBER INTERESTS The- lumber interests of the Pacific coast may be roughly divided into Uiree groups the so-called Oregon pine croup of the Puget Sound and Colum bia river region, the sugar and white pine of the Sierra, and the redwood group of the Xortiiern California coast counties. In volume of output the northern group is much the largest, a normal yearly cut being about C.iiiiii.iMiii.noo feet for the north, 500. eim.Oi'fl for the Sierra group and 440.000.000 for redwood. The most valuable of these woods is the sugar pine, which constitutes about 20 per cent of tile Sierra cut. The market is largely in the east ern and middle states," which take nearly or quite half the northern cut, but the upper grades of all are exported to all the continents. Australia being much the largest foreign consumer, with the west coast of Central and South America next. Each of these woods has special qualities for which it is , . valued redwood for resistance to decay, Otregon pine for strength and the Sierra pines for pattern making and fine work. All are used largely for decorative finish. Prices of lumber have been very low and the northern industry is much depressed, about 1'0 per cent of the cutting capacity being idle and the mills running having hard work to break even. Redwood and Sierra interests report de mand good at the low prices. All. however, are much encouraged Vy the present outlook, demand having greatly improved since the first of the year. Monthly Bulletin of the -Anglo and London Paris .National Bank. NONE AT ALL It gives 110 surprise When we hear of a, match Twixt a widow that's, wise And an otherwise bach. A CHECKING ACCOUNT All bills are most conveniently paid by cheek. When you deposit all of your money and pay all accounts by drawing your own personal cheeks, you can easily keep, a correct record of your income and ex penses. Moreover, you can always keep the checks, when returned by the bank, as receipts an endorsed and paid check being the best possible' receipt. The Phoenix National Bank today js i;i:ttku than to- MOKROW START A ISAXK ACCOUNT QUAY IN A ( 1OX SKRYATIVE RANK. WK INVITE YOUR AC-COUNT. THE VALLEY BANK t Everybody's Bank." km mm. mm mm m mm iVrvVVyyWWWWIJ Home Builders Issue Gold Notes Drawing 6 INTEREST. May bo withdrawn on demand. Assets $535,000.00 Funds idle temporarily can earn something. Tut vour dollars to work. Home Builders 127 N. Central Ave. Our Escrow Department can serve you satisfactorily. The safe wav the modern wav is our way. Phoenix Title and Trust Co. 18 North First Ave. .PERSONALITIES While a strong supporter of the municipal vote for women. Mrs. Humphry Ward nevertheless has written to M. l-Vrdinand Uuisson, leader in the Kronen Chamber of Deputies of the group working for equal suffrage, in opposition to giving women parliamentary suffrage in either Kngland or France. Or. R. W. Branthwaite. an inspector uniUir Kngland's recent inebriates' act. says that jail sen tences are harmful to habitual inebriates and are of no assistance in effecting a cure. Alfred Xoyes, the young English poet, has written a strong protest to the Xew York Times against further circulation of the story that his poi try hat; been inspired more by a desire for money than by true art, and thut he always has been insistent that his work should pay well. Grand Puke Alexis, the nine-year-old heir to the Russian crown, is described in a recent book by a former attache of the Russian court as a "petted, spoiled and constitutionally delicate child who will never live to maturity."