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THE AHIZOMA REPUBLICAH
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 20 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, M AY l7, 1914 20 PAGES VOL. XXV. NO. 9 i . : It 1 MEDIATORS DISCUSS ACTUAL TERMS OF THE PACIFICA TION PLANS Early Agreement is Now Anticipated and Plan of Pacification, So Far as Developed Known to lie Simple PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT There Will lie a Declaration of Principles on the Agra rian and Other Reforms and on Fair Elections in Mexico associated press dispatch! NIAGARA FALLS. May 26. Actual tonus ami details of the plan for the pacification of Mexico arc now under discussion by the mediators, accord inn to an announcement liy Justice Jjamar. All early agreement is now anticipated and the plan for pacifica tion, so far as developed, is known to be simple. Its object is to estab lish a provisional government. As the program for it chcre will be a declaration of principles on the librarian anil other reforms and on the conduct of a fair election. After much discussion a satisfactory meth od of considering the land question has practically been reached. While the Mexicans have not yielded liicir original convictions that the land problem is purely internal and that definite and binding recommendations concerning it should not he included in any agreement made here, the Americans view that some expression is desirable to point the way for its eventual settlement by Mexico her self has been sustained The Mexi cans have no objections to this, for while they duj.not admit that the land problem has been the chief cause of their revolutions, as Wilson insists, they say all political parties in Mex ico have pledged themselves to land reform anil that the proclamation can not embarrass any future congress. It will create no surprise if one re sult of tile mediation should be the recognition by the government of the legality of some important financial transactions of the present Mexican congress, which were made the sub ject of a formal condemnation no-V- rri the "poWrs of Kurope. Con tinued hostility by the Wilson ad ministration against these acts, the Mexicans argue, would seriously en tangle financial relations of their country. They point to the fact that the leading Kuropean powers recog nized their acts as legal. That the l'nited States might waive this point, to make smooth the road to peace is the confident expectation of the Mex ican delegates. The turn in the pro ceedings, from tile point where it seemed as if the land problem might cause serious embarrassment, to an understanding ns to the treatment of some of .the delicate issues involved came la.fter a conference between the mediators and the American delegates. From the mediators themselves it was learned that some vital points have been readied today. These it is un derstood include the manner in which the present regime in Mexico City would give way to provisional gov ernment. Cabinet is Optimistic WASHINGTON, May 26. Members of the cabinet were optimistic after an exhaustive review of all communica tions that passed between the presi dent and the American commissioners to the Mexican mediation conference at Niagara Falls. It is asserted from an official source that negotiations have so far progressed that the pre liminary basis for a peaceful solution of international difficulties hatr been leached. This it is said, will soon take the form of a protocol when will probably be signed by the agents of Huerta's government and the I'nited States. When the cabinet met, tho presi dent laid before it all the developments and stipulations thus far proposed to the South American envoys by the Huerta representatives for I Inert a. Among the messages received from Un seat of the peace confernce was one confirmatory of press dispatches that one of Huerta's representatives de clared that the agrarian question would not be permitted to disrupt the international effort to avert war be Sillman At Vera Cruz Won't Di$cuss His Arrest r ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl VKRA ORL'Z, May 26 -Consul John Stlliman arrived here today from Mexico City. He refused to discuss his arrest or detention by federals. Later he issued a statement explaining his unwillingness to recite the details of bis adventure until the state depart ment had received his report. In his statement Siliiman paidi a tribute to H. L. Lecener, who escorted him from Saltilio as representative of the liritish vice consul there. He also thanked the Brazilian minister for his efforts which eventually brought about .Siliiman's release. Describing briefly the trip from Saltilio to Mexico City, the vice consul said: "The journey from Saltilio to San 1 Xjm -v J U. S. Representatives snapped at Niagara Falls. Frederick W. Lehman (top) and Joseph R. Lamar. tween tlu: l'nited States and Mexico, and to insure the iritimate restoration of peace in all Mexico. The presi dent's advisors were in a happy mood when the meeting adjourned., While none would talk of tile details that have been disclosed concerning the progress of mediation, they all con veyed the impression that nothing had occurred to cloud the horizon of peace. Secretary Pryan was in an unus ually optimistic frame of mind. Sec retary Daniels, too, was the personi fication of hopefulness. Failure thus far of the Mexican con stitutionalists to indicate their wil lingness to partepat.- formally in the conference was again the subject of discussion in official circles, but the fact that no assurances had come that they would be a party to the present negotiations was again declared to be no cause for disparagement '.s to the outcome. Some of the Carranza agents in Washington regarded as probable that some, representatives of tin.' rwolution ary movement eventually would be sent to Niagara Falls. The purpose of the constitutional ists, it was made plain, was to keep out of the preliminary negotiations which would in any way check trie on ward march, of their forces toward the capital of Mexico. There, was no development in the military situation today so tar as the Fnilod States is concerned, and no fur ther reports were heard from I he movements of federal or constitution alist troops in the vicinity of Vera Cruz. FOR NATIONAL PROHIBITION I ASSOCIATED FKJfiSS DISPATCHl CHICACr'i, May 26. Members of the general assembly of the Preshy terian church of the l'nited States of America went on record as favor ing national prohibition, endorsed the nation administration, the state de partment, and the navy department for their action in support of the temperance movement, urged minis ters and church members to with draw from clubs and social organiza tions which dispensed alcoholic be verages and condemned cigarette smoking. WHITE OUTFIGHTS RITCHIE ASSOCIATRD PRESS DISPATCH 1 MILWAIKEE. May 26. Charlie White of Chicago, outfought and out boxed Willie Ritchie, lightweight champion, in a viciously fought ton rounds. Luis Potosi which ordinarily requires twelve hours, took .seven days on ac count of frequent interruptions by constitutionalists. Railroad and tele graph lines were badly damaged and there were three engagements in which a number on both sides were killed and wounded. The intention of the constitutionalists seemed to lie iso late Saltilio by cnting the only line of communication, forcing the evacuation of the city. When I left Saltilio May 14 it was reported that General Maas had from ten to twelve thousand men in and near tbe city. The constitution alists did not then seem prepared for attack. I was kept in confinement by Maas in the penitentiary at Saltilio 21 days." NOT 10 SEND MORE Report (Jains Circulation Through Mexican Papers That Two More ('misers Are on Wav to the West Coast MINISTER SAYS ARE FRIENDS Constitutionalists Have Lit tle How of Cutting Off Pttreat of General More los Zaraffoy.il from Tam- )ico Garrison ASSOCIATE!. PRESS DISPATCH MEXICO CITY. May 26 The Jap anese minister denied n report pub lished in Mexico City papers this morning to the effect that Japan Is sending two more cruisers to Mexico with the object of taking ofr the Jap anese from the west coast. The minister said the ldzunio now in Mexico waters will not be reinforced, but she will be met at Manzanillo by the merchant steamer Sciyou Marti, which will provision and coal her. The minister further stated the Japanese had no desire to leave Mexico because they are friends of the Mexican peiple and not afraid of hostile acts. the departure of Americans for Vera Cruz has virtually ceased. The minister of agriculture and col onization in Huerta's cabinet, Eduard Tamuriz, a member of the Catholic party, hay resigned. No official state ment has been given out, but it is known his resignation was caused by failure to agree on affairs of the ad ministration. Can't Stop Retreat TAMT'ICO, May 26. ( Monday, de layed in transmission) All hope of the constitutionalists cutting off the retreat of General Morelos Zaragoza disap peared with the return of Col. Ttafar rate. who hail been dispatched with Hum men in pursuit of the former Com mander of the federal garrison at Tampion. The federals. numbering ap proximately 30it0. it is reported are moving in a southwesterly direction to ward the interior about 70 miles from Tampico. Advice from Tuxpan are that women and children are being placed aboard the barge San Hduardo, gave rise to a report the federals are planning an attack on the constitution alists there, but there is no confirma tion of his. So far as known here the coiLstitutioniltsls are in absolute con trol of the coast and of the region many miles inland. To Occupy Alvarado VERA CRl'Z, May 26. The consti tutionalist agent here announced tbe constitutionalists are about, to occupy Alvarado and' Tlacotalpan, a short distance south of Vera Cruz. The con centration of the constitutionalists at Alvarado would menace the rear of the federal forces holding the outposts against the American line at Tejara. nine miles south of the city. Benton and Bauch Again EL I'ASO, May 26. Joint inquiries regarding the deaths of Ilenton, the Hritish subject and liatrch, the Amer ican, have been revived recently by the state department, according to a report from apparently reliable sources cur rent tonight. It is understood that C'arranzn, ap pealed for delay of the issue on the ground that the matter is of too deli cate a nature to take up at this time. Constitutionalists, in whose territory the deaths occurred, never made a re tort of either case, although a special Mexican commission was appointed to investigate tho matter. o QUIET IN IRELAND 'ASSOCIATED PRE8S DISPATCH LONDON, May I'll. The passing of the home lule bill has not led to the breaking of a single head in Ire land. Predictions made by certain unionists that the final passage of the bill by the house of commons would be followed by fierce outbursts in Ulster and sanguinary conflicts between orangemen and nationalists have proved to be untrue thus far. GRAPE JUICERS WIN T ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH KANSAS CITY, May 26. The ques tion o( the use of fermented and uti fermented wine in the communion service today provoked the commis sioners attending the general assem bly of the Presbyterian church in the Cnited States (Southern Presbyter ian church) into a lively discussion. The advocates of unfermented wine, or grape juice apparently were vic torious. PATMONT BREAKING DOWN ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH DANVILLE, III., May 26. Rev. Louis Patrnont, the "dry" leader who alleges he was held a piisoner for 50 days, did not resume his story before the grand jury. It was announced he is on the verge of a nervous breakdown. COLONEL ROOSEVELT HAS f ASSOCIATED PRKSS DISPATCH) WASHINGTON, May 26. Former President Roosevelt came hack to the national capitol, where he spent seven years as chief executive. Into nine hours the colonel crowded a speech on his South American expe dition, a call on President Wilson, ft visit to the Smithsonian institute to see the trophies of his African hunt four years ago, a meeting with a few' members of the diplomatic corps, and a. dinner with old friends. llesides there were a few cVzcn impromptu receptions, crowds at the railway sta tion and his hotel and in tin- streets or wherever he chanced to stop for a moment. It was such a hot ami busy day that the colonel's collar rapidly melted away, but he went through it all without showing evidence of fatigue. Crowds cheeied and struggled, to shake his hand, photographers and all the rest were there, like in the old campaign days. The colonel smiled, waved bis hat continually and fired out "bully," and "by George, that's fine," at everything. Progressive members of congress were at party hcadquaTtcrs to meet him after the lecture tonight and go ovei the political situation with him. It is understood thai Roosevelt was desirous of sounding the sentiment here, particularly with reference to the advisability of making an early attack on the policies of the Wilson administration. Congressmen wished to go over the whole field with him, learn his ideas regarding questions before congress and if possible, map out a, tentative plan for the corn ing campaign. Roosevelt protested, however, that politics was not the main object of his visit to Wash ington. "It is for science, not poli tics," he said. With the exception of his confer ence with the progressive congress men, politics played little part in his day here. He was too busy for that. Reports that he might meet republi can leaders came to naught, for th" donel saw none of them. "Not a republican showed his head," he said laughingly. It was learned that before Colonel I'.oosevelt left "yster Pay republican members of congress telegraphed him. asking for an appointment. Roose velt declined to discuss the subject but it was understood that iie felt too much already had been crowded into the day to permit such a meet ing. Colonel Roosevelt's visit with Pres ident Wilson was perhaps nf greater interest to the public than any other event of the day. The president an l bis predecessor spout more than a COLONEL ROOSEVELT PROMISES TO AID JOHNSON'S CAMPAIGN m DRAINAGE IRRIGATION RECLAMATION Stoekholdei-s of the Buekcve, Irrigation Company De termine to Extend That! Enterprise, T a k i n g in 40IX) Acres More At one of the most important meet ings in the history of the company. tljo stockholders of the Buckeye jr- j rigation company at an aliday session Monday adopted plans for improve ments that will ultimately result in the reclamation of at least 4000 acres of land, and arranged for the financ ing of the work, which is to begin im mediately. The plans adopted call for tho enlargement of the Buckeye can al, tho installation of a lateral sys tem, and a system of waste ditches, and provide for the sub-drainage nec essary to reclaim a large body of land which under the present ar rangement has been submerged. Bonds to the amount of $3", 000 are to be issued at once to provide for the im provements. Practically ninety per cent of the stock was represented at the. ml'eting, and the report of the special com mittee was adopted by an almost unanimous vote of the I'M stockhold ers present. After two yearn of in vestigation the. committee appointed for tho purpose recommended that the main canal be enlarged, that the com pany install a system of lateral and waste ditches thus doing away with the private ditches, and that the lat erals be lowered by the farmers to drain the land lying next the river, more and more of which has been submerged every year. Heretofore no provision has been made for tbe re moval of wiiste water and it has been allowed to flood the land along the river, where the accumulations of al kali have destroyed the fertility of hundreds of acres of lowland. In ad dition to the large area thus to be reclaimed, it is stated that the en largement of the main canal and the (Continued on Page Six.) BUSY DAY IN WASHINGTON Jim 111 Wn Theodore Roosevelt (snapped in New York since his return from I5ra zild " half hour together and talked almost everything o.o pi i-ilitics. A good deal of the time was put in at tell ing stories. Colonel Roosevelt went to the White Mouse d.essed in a gray suit and white felt hut. Me had Intended to go to his hotel to don more formal attite, but tin re was s much else to do that he iiad to give up tile plan. When the colonel arrived at the executive nrinsioff The president was waiting to receive him in the red room. The former president greeted warmly, "Jimmie" Sloan, secret ser- Not Only Will 11c Jonnicy to California if Xecessarv, Mut Will Hclj. Party in Kverv Other Wav Possi- ASSOCIATED rtlESS DISPATCHl WASHINGTON. May li. "1 will be taking my part in the campaign this year." This was the promise of Theodore Roosevelt in a formal state ment made at progressive headquart ers in the presence of most of the progressives of congress. The col onel announced thai he lias told Gov ernor Johnson he will go to Califor nia if necessary to help the pro gressive ticket. He would do all else he could for ihe party. "I am going to have any interview tonight, but there is a statement 1 want to make regarding progressive senators ami representatives in con gress, because I feel that a peculiar debt or obligation is owing them for what they have done and for the way in which they borne themselves under the most trying circum stances. "Men who face a crisis are either overwhelmed by it or grow in stature because of passing through it. You men have faced a real crisis. You have .been there and as no other body in cither house of congress have been tried for sixty years past. You have been exposed to every form of attack from both sides and you have borne them so as to force the respect of your enemies. "So I so speak from my heart when I say that my original feeling of In dignant sympathy with you has changed to a feeling of admiration, respect and in a small degree, envy. "I have written to Governor Hiram Johnson that if my presence is de sired in California, of course 1 will go out there to fight for the ticket. Of course, I will do all else I can, but it is impossible to particularize now. Il is impossible to make more, than a certain number of speeches, and I want to distribute them over as large an extent of territory as possible to. meet as many different interests ns I can." Col. Roosevelt made his address while the newspaper men were pres ent. Afterwards the doors were closed and an informal discussion held. CHIP KNOCKS OUT PETROSKEY associatkh itmss dispatchI LOS ANGELES, May -i. George Chili of Pittsburg, knocked out Sailor retroskey of San Francisco, in the twelfth round of a twenty round mid dleweight fight. CASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON. May 18. Pro claimed before a great audience of scientists from many cities as the "dis coverer" of it river in South America, 10"0 miles long. Colonel Roosevelt as sured the National Geographical socie ty that he put this river on the map and challenged all the cartographers in the world to disprove his achievement. The colonel had appeared before a Washington audience on a previous occasion as an explorer, hut never as a discoverer, and be was cheered to tlie echo as he declared cartographers and geographers of all nations are wrong in their maps of the wilds of Brazil, wherein he found and traced the "Duvida River-' or, as it is now more familiarly known, "The River of Doubt." Scientists, the colonel asserted had attempted to dispute his discovery. Tracing on a blackboard with a piece of chalk the river of his finding, he declared emphatically: "1 say uc put it on the map and 1 mean what 1 say. No map has ever et shown this river. Scientists have sain we might have traversed the River Tapejoso or River Madeira, but the fact is that some of our party went down one river and some went down the other, while we went down a river in between Ihi-m which no map maker ever saw. I can direct any man where to find this river and rivers stay put, so that the discovery we have made can he verified. " viee man and other White House at taches who served during his ad ministration. "I'm v r glad to see you," said the president as he shook hands with .Mr. 'Roosevelt. Miss llolle Iiagner, social s -i Tot.iry at the White House, wii -cupied a similar position dur ing the Roosevelt administration, and Secretary Tumulty were also present. After exchange of greetings the president b 1 the way to the south portico of the White House, where cool bieezes from the Potomac made more bearable the extreme heat. There lemonade was served by Miss Has tier, and the two men sat down for a talk. Speaking of travel, books and tell ing stories, the two men seemed to enjoy their meeting greatly. All con tioversial subjects were avoided, but the colonel himself mentioned the "River of Doubt" which he discover ed in itrazil, and joked over the controversy about it. A crowd of several hundred persons gathered in side the White House grounds, and as Colonel Roosevelt appeared there was a burst of hand-clapping. "It was a very pleasant social vis it." said Col. Roosevelt. RUG FOR TRINITY'S E L Fifteen Committees Under take City-wide Three-day Campaign to Secure $45, 000 Xeeded for Modem Church Determined to carry to complete success the movement authorized a few days ago to secure $4.'i,000 Of the .S!iii,00ii fund with which to erect a new Trinity Cathedral, Cathedral House and Bishop's House, fifteen committees, each under the direction of a captain, yesterday morning in-' augurated a three days' campaign. Prom early morning until evening automobiles were sent hurrying about the city on well laid routes which embraced every section where a member or friend of the diocese re sided or had a place of business. The r suit w as not announced last even ing, but at a luncheon to lie held at the Y. M. C A. today at noon I Continued on Page Six.i NEW CATHEDRA .Mayor Urges All Business Houses Close Advancing the fact that Memorial day is mor; a holy day than a holi day and as such should voluntarily, upon the part of all good citizens. be observed in the same manner as j Sundays and other religious occa sions. Mayor George V. Young and the city commission last evening ap proved a resolution urging the clos ing of all business houses in Phoe nix on Saturday, either all day or at least from 10 o'clock in the morning until 5 o'clock in the afternoon. As tin example for others to follow, the commission and the mayor then di rected that ail departments of the city, with the exception of the public JACOB A. mis "GUCIIIZEN" ISCALLEOHOHE Famous Author and Social Worker Dies at His Sum mer Home in Barre, Mas sachusetts, After Loug Illness WAS FRIEND OF COL. ROOSEVELT Former President Upon Reaching Washington is Shocked to Learn of the Passing of Such -"Useful Citizen" BARRE, Mass., May 26. Jacob A. Riis, author and social worker, died at bis summer home hero today after a long illness. Of Jacob August Riis, Theodoro Roosevelt once said he became, through his work in behalf of the poorer people of New York, "tho most useful citizen" of the metropo lis. As an almost penniless immigrant I he obtained knowledge of the slums at first hand and found conditions there so repellant that ho conse crated his whole life to warfare against wretchedness. Riis was the thirteenth child sof a Iatin teacher in Ribe, Jutland, Den mark. Ho was born in IS49. When Riis va.s 21 year old, having learned las trade, he embarked for New York with only $40 In his pocket. He spent half the sum for a heavy navy pistol as soon as he landed "to fight Indians and desperadoes." Riis led a varied career during the following six years. At 27 he spent his last cent in reaching New York, hoping to enlist through the French consul in tho French army against Germany for tho Franco -Prussian i war, hut his services were refused. ::nd Riis was forced to accept a be ginner's place as a reporter for a New Y'ork news bureau. At the very first he made his most conspicuous success in the study of conditions on the East Side of New York. As a reporter on tho New York Tribune and later on the New York Sun, Riis took up his real work in slum fighting. While attending to routine, duty as a police reporter, he. worked night and day to arouse the people to the need of improved living conditions. Ono of tho first of his campaigns was against the impurity of the city water, and it was his fight which finally led to the pur chase of the Croton watershed to assure, safe drinking water for New York. Riis drove bakeshops out of tho ten ement basements; he fought for laws abolishing child labor, and was large ly instrumental in getting the pass age of "the briefest, wisest and best staute on the books of New Y'ork, laying down the principle that here after "no school shall be built with out adequate playground." After twenty-seven years as a re porter, Riis resigned to continue his fight by writing and lecturing. Among the products of his pen are "How the Other Half Lives," "The Children of the Poor," "The Making of an American" (his autobiography), "The Rattle With the Slum," "Chil dren of the Tenements," "The Old Town," "Theodore Roosevelt, the Cit izen," and "Hero Tales From the Far North." WASHINGTON. May 26. Theodore Roosevelt, for many years an inti mate friend of Jacob Riis and his associate when the former president was police commissioner of New York, was shocked upon his arrival today to learn of Riis's death. The colonel dic tated the following telegram to Mrs. Riis: "I am grieved more than I can ex press. I feel as if I had lost my own brother. Jake's friendship meant more for me than I can ever say. I mourn with you and wish I could say anything that would be any com fort to you. (Signed) THEODORE ROOSEVELT" "When I was police commissioner of New York", Roosevelt aded, "I felt that Jacob Riis was the most useful citizen in New York. In all the Unit ed States I never knew a more useful man nor a stauncher citizen." Memorial Day safety branches, be closed all day and no city business of any sort transacted. The movement for a more general observance of Memorial day is rapid ly crystallizing and with the action of the city officials last evening it is believed that marry of the larger business establishments will not open during the day with the exception, perhaps, of a few hours in the even ing. Tho exercises during the day will he unusually impressive and the action of the commission last even ing should result in a larger atten dance at the services at Carnegie park than has marked Memorial ser vices in Phoenix in other years.