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AIM INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, MONDAY MORNING, .JUNE .15, 1914 10 PAGES VOL. XXV. NO. 28 TITANIC STRUGGLE IN MEDIATION MEETING PROMISED THIS WEEK No Longer Any Doubt the American G o vein in e n t Believes Only Solution is Selection wf Constitution alist President NO NAMES ARE MADE PUBLIC Justice Lamar and Fred erick "VV. Lehman Make It Clear That Washington Government Has No Pref erence ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH) NIAGARA FALLS. June 14. Al though there were no conferences today between the mediators and the American and Mexican delegates, it Is apparent that things are making for a titanic struggle in diplomacy between the United States and the Huerta government during the com ing week. There is no longer any doubt in the minds of the mediators or the Mexican delegates that the American government believes the only solu tion of the present tangle is to place the executive power in the hands of a broadminded constitution alist through peaceful negotiations, rather than to have the inevitable to occur, a military conquest of Mexico City with the possibility of inter national complications through in juries to foreigners. On the highest authority it be came known today that the Unite! States informed the mediators in un equivocal language that it contem plated favoring a constitutionalist for provisional president. Justice Lamar and Frederick W. Lehman made it clear that the Washington government itself has no preference for persons or parties, but that in fovming its judgment on tile most feasible and certain way to bring peace to Mexico, it had come to the conclusion that control must be given to the constitutional ists. On no other terms will the constitutionalist force lay down their arms. The discussion of names, it is be lieved, will develop soon what policy the United States will be forced to pursue, for the Mexican delegates have shown no inclination as yet to accept a constitutionalist. Huerta's delegates have suggested no names thus far, adopting a recep tive attitude toward the American government's suggestions. The Amevican delegates are waiting for the Washington government to learn who will be acceptable to them. Still Hape for Peace WASHINGTON, June 14 Admitting that the Mexican situation at Niagara Falls is now at its most critical stage, having reached the point where the personnel of the provisional govern ment to succeed Huerta must be se lected, Washington officials are nev ertheless hopeful of ultimate peace and are still insistant that the negotiations are progressing satisfactorily. Today the proposal of the Mexican delegates, together with the name of their particular candidate for the pro visional presidency is reported to have been submitted to President Wilson and Secretary Bryan. As far as could be learned, the Washington adminis tration still held to its de.sire that the provisional president should be a man acceptable to the constitutionalists. The arrival in Washington todav of Pedro Del Villar, an associate of Gen eral Felix Diaz, led to the renewal of reports that Huerta and Diaz are seek ing to reach an agreement. Making Desperate Resistance SALTILLO, June 14. Zacatecas is making desperate resistance to General Natera and although the constitution alists captured Guadalupe, Mercedes and Grillo and suburbs, they were re pulsed with a heavy loss at the forti fied hill at La. Buffa, one of the strong est defenses of the town. Natera reported to Carranza that his charges met with withering artillery fire from the federal defenses. His men are not discouraged with the check, it is reported and Natera is Marriage Explains Why Electoral Vote Delayed (Special to The Republican) ST. LOUIS, Mo., June 14. The mystery surrounding the delay in re cording Arizona's vote for Woodrow Wilson at the electoral college was solved last night, seventeen months after the inauguration of President Wilson, when W. T. Webb of Pima, Arizona, and Miss Clara Noelke of 4037 Kennerly avenue, were married at her home by Rev. I. T. Shields. Webb, an Arizona democratic elector, started for Washington with the cemocratic electoral ballots of the state, but did not arrive at the time the votes should have been cast. After the wires had burned with telegrams and phone messages and all means to locate the missing elector had failed, a certified copy of the original vote was prepared Miners Return To Work After Riots In Butte ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl BUTTK, June 14. Several hundred miners returned to work, following yesterdays riots. A crowd took two prisoners out of the city jail. Threats were made to lynch two deputy sher iffs, but they were rescued by the po lice. Members of the newly appointed ex ecutive committee of the insurgent miners constituting themselves a law and order committee informed the agi tators that no more disorder would be tolerated. Governor Stewart has ar rived to investigate the situation. Guard in Readiness HELENA, June 14. Ten companies of Montana National Guard have been ordered held in readiness for service in Butte. o Mount Lassen Is Now World's Newest Volcano ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH RED BLUFF, Cal., June 4. Mount Lassen, at the foot of the Cascade range, in two eruptions of fire and smoke, became the newest volcano in the world. Two new craters have been formed. The mountain has been emitting steam and vapor for some time. Lance Graham, a lumberman, ven tured too near the cloud of smoke as it shot two thousand feet into the air and a jagged lock sawed him nearly in two. He died soon after. Of eight members of his party, one was seriously bruised by rocks. Six of the party saved themselves by bury ing their faces in the snow. awaiting reinforcements sent him from Torreon by Villa, whose arrival has been delayed by railroad washouts and heavy rains along the National rail ways. Villa Says No Trouble TORREON, June 14 "Nothing has happened between General Carranza and myself that will in any way in terfere with the military program," decelared General Villa, when asked today regarding the rumors that thieve is friction between him ami General Carranza. Questioned as to the intimation that he failed to rush troops to aid General Natera at Zacatecas, Villa said: "The truth of the matter is they wanted me to have troops there in two days, when it was barely pos sible to get them there in five. The condition of the railroad was such that better perfovmances would be impossible." Villa was adverse to discussing the results of General Natera's attack on Zacatecas. "I am now mobilizing my troops and in a few days and will present mem in person to the federals," said Villa. "All of the troops are well supplied with munitions." The force which Villa will use In his campaign against Zacatecas, toward which his forces are now moving, has a strength of nearly 26,000 men, it is estimated by lead ers here. This is exclusive of the large infantry force of about 16,000 which Villa announced he is about to raise. TOWN E WORKS FOR HUERTA WASHINGTON, June 14. The fact that the Huerta government has ac tive representatives in Washington working for the best interests of the dictator in the progress of mediation, became known today when it devel oped that Charles A. Towne, a New York attorney and former United States senator from Minnesota, had been retained by the Mexico City re- i nu t-'Ml j or several days. He has had two con- (Continued on Page Three.) and rushed to the capitol. During this flurry of excitement, Webb was in St. Louis most of the time court ing Miss Noelke, and when he finally departed he took with him her prom ise of marriage. He has been in the city several days and jokingly denied last night that he arrived nearly a week in advance of the date for the cere mony in order that he would be on time. Miss Noelke is a daughter of the late Joseph Noelke, who was a warm personal friend of Congress man Richard Barthold. Today the couple departed for San Fvanclsco. and after a tour of. the western coast probably will reside at Pima. They met two years ago while she was attending school at ,San Fran cisco. The bride is 25, handsome and accomplished. WHr ALSGHQW SIBERIA'S CALL WASH SOS Belated Upon Light is Thrown Wireless Mystery of Reported Stranding of Pacific Mail Steamer on Mav 1 MATTER OF DOTS AND DASHES The Persia's Call is M. B. S. and This Might Easily Be Mistaken for the Fam ous Prayer of the High Seas ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH TOKIO, June 14. iSome light has been thrown upon the "wireless" mystery of the reported stranding of the Pacific mail steamer Siberia, I May 1, off the coast of Formosa, yet not enough to say that the mys tery has been cleared. "While people in two hemispheres were in areau that the vessel had sunk, and a dozen warships were searching vain ly, the Siberia sailed into Manila bay, saying that there must have been some mistake, as she had had no accident whatsoever. The company officials here believe that the confusion was caused by the signal of the Persia being mistaken for the international distress signal SOS," while the Siberia was giving her position to the Persia, and they explain in detail their reasoning. But the Japanese operator at the Ozesaki land station insists that he really heard the distress signal which claimed to come from the Siberia. He sai l he did not think the signal "MBS" (the name of the Persia) could be mistaken by a trained op erator for "SOS." No word has come to Japan yet from the captain of the Siberia, giv ing his log or any theory as to the mystery. Always admitting the Si beria log may afford light, the 'Pa cific Mail company officials offer this explanation, which was first sug gested by the wireless operator of the Persia: The "SOS" distress is: Three dots, three dashes and three lots, thus: . . . S, O, . . . S. The Persia call (MBS) is two dashes, one dash with three dots, and three dots. It would be sent this wav: M. ... B, ... S. The static condition being bad it is thought the operator at Ozesaki picked up "S," the last letter of "MBS." Then he caught the two dashes of "M" and joined them to the dash of the letter "B." The final three dots of the letter "B" gave him his "S" and he had "SOS." Under this theory, the spacing be tween the dashes must have been irregular or shortened by the dots being lengthened. Having found this explanation in an effort to get at a solution of the mystery, the steamship officials ad mit that it does not explain the si lence of the Siberia on May 1. after II. e reported accident, when through out the day the high-power appa ratus on the Japanese and Formosa coasts and on the British warships Minotaur and Yarmouth, as well as on the American warships Wilming ton and Galveston, were unable to get any answer from the Siberia. It was this silence that led to the reports that the Siberia had sunk. The company thinks it may have been due to atmospheric conditions which permitted communications be tween the Siberia and the Persia, but not with other ships. The stories of the various persons and ships concerned with the Siberia affair form an interesting narative. The' distress message, suposed' to come from the Siberia, was received at 5:10 a. m. May 1. The log of the Persia shows that at' 5:50 a. m. I that day the Persia received a mes sage from the Siberia. At 8:30 a. m. she exchanged positions with the Siberia; at 9:50 a. m. she receievd two messages from the Siberia, and at 1:35 p. m. the Persia sent two. The captain of the Persia continues his narrative: At two o'clock in the afternoon (May J) the Siberia was sighted and the two steamers passed each other at a very short distance. They were then 11 miles south of Cape Bojea dor, or about 260 miles south of the position in which the Siberia was reported to be in distress. Another message from the .Siberia was ex pected by those on the Persia at 8 o'clock that evening (May 1), but this was not received. At 1:10 o'clock the following morn ing (May 2) the Persia received a wireless message from the British warship Yarmouth that the Siberia was "all right." This message natur ally puzzled those on board the Per sia, for they could not understand why such a message should have been considered necessary. Twenty minutes later, at half past one, the Persia received a wireless from Nag asaki saying that the Siberia was in distress at a point 22.40 north and 121.10 east, namely, 751 miles north of Manila. The Persia's officers real ized that there had been some mis- (Continued on Page Ten.) THE VROCKING OBSERVANCE OF Bf ELKS Eloquent Tributes to "Old J Glory'' and History of the; Star-Spangled Banner Are ; Spoken in Annual Cele-, hration of B. P. 0. E. With music and a spoken tribute j and a general display of the Stars and Stripes throughout the city, Phoe- ! nix yesterday celebrated the 137th ' birthday of Old Glory. References to the day were made from the pulpits, ! and in a number of churches the day t was further observed by the singing of j America. In the afternoon, impressive exercises were held at the Elks' thea ter, which were largely attended by members of that order and their friends. The observance of Flag Day by the B. P. O. Elks is an annual affair and this year the program was one of special merit. Sentiments of highest patriotism and loyalty to the flag and all that it stands for were expressed in fitting words and made doubly im pressive by reason of the splendid mu sic by the First Regiment band and the elaborate decorations of flags and flowers. After the "Star Spangled Banner," played as an overture, the introduc tory exercises by the exalted ruler and officers of the order were carried out. Following prayer by Chapjlain Cas sidy, Hon. Sidney P. Osborn, secretary of State, gave the history of the flag from the time of its origin and design by Betsy Ross down through the changing scenes of history to the present time. In closing he made ref erence to the newest and brightest star in the field of blue and to the part of the newest state in the nation. The altar services were particularly impressive, and the massing of the na tional colors at the front of the stage in the form of a liberty bell was beau tiful. At their conclusion, the Elks' tribute to the flag was delivered by A. Guy Als'ap, secretary of Phoenix lodge, who held the close attention of the audience throughout. The patriotic address was delivered by Assistant County Attorney C. M. PatriOandy, who chose for his subject "Trie Patriotism." Mr. Gandy said in part: "Of the flags of all lands, to ours is the most glorious tradition, and be neath its folds the most wonderful enlevements. All that we are and hope to be, all that we have and may have, the splendors of our national existence, the simple joys of the fire side, and the opportunity to realize our material hopes and aspirations: all are vouchsafed to us by this flag and that for which it stands. "It was born amid the travail of war; on a hundred sodden fields its streaming folds have waved In tri umph over the living and the dead, and yet it leads us ever onward in the ways of peace. It was first au thorized by the same congress that signed the Declaration of Indepen dence: designed by the commander-in-chief of the army, and fashioned by the hand of a widow of the Rev- FLAG DAI PHOENIX THE BOAT" SEASON Mixed Quartette Turns Up After j Night In Launch ASSOCIATKO r-UK.-iS DISPATCH i AVALON', Santa Catalina. Calif. j Footsore and hungry, George Carter, ! James Forrest and their two girl com- j p.inions, who spent last night adrift I in a launch, walked into Avalon. They j managed to work the launch into one j of the small harbors on the seaward side of Catalina Island. j They abandoned the launch and j then walked over the steep hills and rough roar's to Avalon. They suffered severely, walking in their bare feet. : In tiieir weakened condition they were able to give but meager details of their experience. I oiution. and fiist officially used by I the American forces at the siege of Fort Stanwix. And, though it thrills j with patriotic pride to recount in ! song and story the deeds of valor I and victories won upon the field of j name, yet l-'eace hath her victories no less renowned than war.' And the peaceful lullaby of the mother crooning at eve o'er her babe wjll still soften the heart and thrill the soul of man when all the mad arts of war shall have been long for botten. "Of course, as long as there is need of war, there will lie war, and there are many who believe that it is no time to talk of beating swords into plowshres and spears into piuning hooks when AiiM-ricans are wantonly robbed and slain and their women outraged almost on our very borders. Since our celebration of this day a year ago. conditions in the Repub lic to the south of us have become well nigh intolerable: our flag has been openly insulted and the official representatives of out government have been cast into prison. To the great mass of the Mexican people we are cowards, seeking only territorial aggression. Order should be restored in Mexico and our lost prestige re gained by peace if possible, but by war if necessaiy, and the world should know that this flag, which comes to us as a sacred heritage of the mingled blood of north and south is not a rag to be spit upon with impunity, and that it protects law-abiding Americans in every quarter of the globe. It would have been of untold value both to Mexico and to us in the years to come if the lesson taught at Vera Cruz could have been speedily extended to other parts of that country. The example set is in the way to conduct a free government in this age of civilization, and the lesson taught is that our people and our flag must be respected and that, though powerful in war. we seek not territory, but ' the enthronement of justice, law and order. We can only hope that things will right them selves and that we will emerge even tually the conquerors of Mexico's re spect and good will without being conquerors of her country. We may be too impatient, -for we must bear in mind the long, dark way the average Mexican has come and the utter hopelessness of his ex istence. Even while the fire of righteous indignation burns within us, let us be charitable. Charity is a wonderful virtue. "It caunteth not itself and is not puffed 1 true patriotism to which I referred and one of the cardinal principles of this order. There are some who wrongly interpret the saying, "Charity (Continued on Page Three) HAS ARRIVED. SHRINE ISI1S ARIZONA IN SEPTEMBER Imperial Potentate and Great' Caravan of Illus trious Xobles Will Make fnifpie Sojourn With El Zaribah Xobles The greatest gathering in the his tory of Arizona Nobles of the Mystic Shrine is promised for the 24th day of next September when Imperial Poten tate Frederick R. Smith, and a galaxy of members of the imperial council will exemplify the work of the, order upon the sands of the bottom of the Grand Canyon of Arizona in the presence of delegations ' from the temples of the shrine in California, Texas, New Mex ico, Arizona and Colorado. Already the invitation has gone forth and been ac cepted by the imperial potentate who will shortly begin a great journey through the entire west and southwest, beginning at Saint Paul, Minn, on Sep tember 6 next and ending- at Winnipeg, Canada on October 1!), and taking in during the trip all the important cities that are situated in a circle the outer edge of which reaches both Phoenix and San Francisco. Further than this, the visit made by Imperial Potentate Smith to Arizona will be the first official sojourn of the head of all shrinedom to Arizona since the temple here was organized. Be side himself there w ill be a long list of notables from all parts of thecountry. Included in this party will be Henry F. Niedringhuus of Moolah Temple, St. Louis, who is imperial chief Rabban; William S. Brown of Syria Temple, Pittsburg, imperial treasurer; Benj. W. Rowell of Aleppa Temple, Boston, Mass., imperial recorder; and Elias J. Jacoby of Murat Temple, Indianapolis, imperial high priest and prophet. Will O. Washburn of osman Temple, St. Paul has charge of routing the party. The telegram confirming the visit of the distinguished shriner and his party was received by Shirley Christy, illust rious potentate of El Zaribah, the Phoenix shrine, and arrangements w ere immediately started to make the event the greatest in the history of the work in Arizona and unique in the history of the entire order. Potentate Smith is illustrious poten- Proclamation Of Republic Made Part Of Italian Strike 1 ASSOCIATED PP.KSS DISPATCH ROME, June 14. The outstanding feature in the general strike situa tion was the news received at the capital of the proclamation of an Ital ian republic by the people of several towns bordering on the Adriatic in northeastern Italy. Ten thousand sol diers are gradually being spread throughout the province and it is ex pected that a day or two . will see or der restored. The threatened railroad strike throughout Italy has been abandoned. APPRISES FEE WILL FIX ROAR TO (jOmmittPft ot Pinerncians Who Went to Globe to Confer on Improvement of Scenic Highway is Happy, ALL APPRECIATE CO-OPERATION Practically Assured South ern Pacific Will Route Exposition Travel This Way and Advertise Sec tion Extensively "Very satisfactory conference to day with Gila county board of su pervisors and citizens of Globe. Now j assured that road will be put in first class condition. Globe people show determination to provide ade quate hotel accommodations if as sured of traffic. Will advise fully by letter." This is the way A. L. Moore, president of the Phoenix board of trade, and Dwight B. Heard, in a night letter to Charles S. Fee, gen eral passenger agent of the Southern Pacific, at San Francisco, summed up the result of the enthusiastic meetings in Globe on Saturday, when the proposed improvement of the Roosevelt highway was prac tically assured. That ten thousand tourists will be routed in 1915 by the Southern Pacific over this scenic route from Globe to Phoenix, via the Roosevelt dam is practically certain now, for Mr. Fee, upon tho occasion of his visit here a few days ago gave his promise that tho railroad would feature this auto mobile side trip in connection with its transcontinental travel during the great Pacific coast expositions, if the people of Maricopa and Gila counties would first place the Roose velt road in first class shape and would provide adequate hotel ac commodations and eating places along the route. At the conference in Globe, which was attended by Pat Rose, represent ing the Gila county board of super visors, and the citizens of Globe generally, the entire situation was gone into thoroughly and every re quirement of the railroad was com plied with. This means that early this fall work will be commenced upon the long stretches of roadway between this city and the Gila capi tal, and that before many weeks thereafter there will be presented one of the greatest scenic boule vards in the world, perfect under wheel and pleasing to the eye and I the imagination. It will be a maker ' of friends for Central Arizona, and !an education to those who have j never before been privileged to make j the inspiring trip. Bubbling over with enthusiasm over the aparent success of their mission, W. S. Humbert, H. Clay j Parker and Dwight B. Heard re I turned last evening from the con jfcrence. They had naught but I words of praise for the supervisors j of Gila county and the citizens of i Globe, who, they admitted, met them ' more than half way in the plan to 1 bring the cream of the Southern j Pacific's exposition travel through the beauty spots of the sister coun ties. They even told of personal sacrifices agreed to by the Gilaites ! in the way of deferring the services I of convict road builders until a I later date in order that those ser vices might be utilized in the work of placing the Roosevelt work in the best possible condition. "The meeting was most enthusiastic and harmonious," said Mr. Hum - (Continued on Page Three.) tate of Damascus Shrine of Rochester, x' v iiin cwnnd shrbiA oreranized in j the United States. For several years he has been prominent in the imperial council and was elected at the recent meeting of the shrine at Atlanta- Special trains will be run from Phoe nix, El Paso and Albuquerque and San Francisco to take in the great doings. Among the plans will be the journey down the trail of the full planopied hosts, winding down the sides of the great gash in the earth fully a mile to the sandy spot where the work will be exemplified. The most serious situation exists in the province of Ravenna, where vil lages and small towns are being ruled by local republican committees which have armed the inhabitants, thus giv ing the ignorant masses the impres- i sinn that anv kind of violence, will b permitted. Churches and clubs have been sacked or burned, but in the case of private residences the revolutionists have asked the owners' permission to take possession of their belongings.