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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, August 01, 1914, Image 4

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PAGE FOUR
THE 'ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 1, 1914.
" : : l
lli ill Arizona Republican's Editorial Page li ill
The Arizona Republican
Published by
ARIZONA PUBLISHING COMPANY.
The Only raper in Arizona Published Every Day In
the Year. Only Morning Paper In Phoenix.
DwtRhl B. Heard President and Manager
Charles A. Stauffer Business Manager
Garth W. Cate Assistant Business Manager
J. W. Spear Editor
Ira II. 8. Huggett City Editor
Exclusive Morning Associated Press Dispatches.
Offire, Corner Second and Adams Streets.
Entered at the Postoffice at Phoenix, Arizona, as Mail
Matter of the Second Class.
Address all communications to THE ARIZONA REPUB
LICAN, Phoenix, Arizona.
TELEPHONES:
Business Office 42J
City Editor 433
SUBSCRIPTION RATES:
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Pundays only, hy mail 2.50
SATURDAY MORNING. AUGUST 1, 1914.
Party honesty is party expediency.
Grover Cleveland.
The Bright Salt River Valley Sky
The outlook for the Fait River Valley was never
brighter. The water users' burden has been light
ened so that they can hardly feel it, by the pas
sage of the bill extending the time for the repayment
for the Salt River irrigation project. This is a re
lief that, two years ago. seemed hopeless, and in the
temper at that time, of congress and of the people
living outside the arid region, it could hardly have
been expected except by the most sanguine.
The Republican was made to realize the diffi
culties in the way. This paper a year ago last Oc
tober adopted, among its definite policies, the advo
cacy of an extension of the time for repayment
for the irrigation project. Beside conducting a cam
paign in its own columns, it opened a correspond
ence with every important newspaper in the Pacific
coast region and with papers in the vicinity of every
government irrigation project. It was painfully sur
prised at the hostility developed to any extension
plan. It brought forth from some quarters a bitter
ness of opposition that might have been expected
nly from the country outside the region that would
le benefitted by an extension.
Correspondence and personal interviews with of
ficials of the reclamation service brought no en
couragement. The disposition in all quarters was
to hold the water users to their bargain in spite of
the fact that the cost incurred was twice as great
as they had been led to expect it would be. It was
taid "by the officials that it would be impossible,
even if desirable, to secure an amendment to the
reclamation act in behalf of the water users. The
proposition of The Republican for an extension of
time without interest on the deferred payments was
pronounced unthinkable.
But the following winter the matter was taken
up by Representative Haydtn and the barriers of
prejudice began to give way. The east and the
south began to take a broader view of the justice
due the home-makers of the west. Then came the
administration of Secretary Lane, whose well-founded
knowledge of western needs was gradually com
municated to the congressmen. Concessions were
suggested, and they finally matured Into the grant
ing or all that The Republican had asked, in almost
the exact terms of the policy it outlined almost
two years ago.
Nearly simultaneous with the announcement of
the passage of the extension bill comes the reason
able assurance of an abundant water supply, bring
ing with it increased confidence, not only for this
year, but for all years to come, that there will be
water for all. There can be no doubt that the future
of the valley, in respect to the rest of the season,
Is better than it would have seemed a year ago if
we could then have foreseen how scant the rainfall
tin the watershed then was to be.
Now the summer rains in that region are more
abundant than they have been in many years in
fact, than in any season since the storage of water
in the Roosevelt dam in any considerable volume
was possible. And there is an almost certain pros
pect that the greater volume of the summer down
pour on that immense watershed is yet to be gath
ered Into the dam.
The farmers of the Salt River Valley and the
merchants of its towns have greater reason now
for confidence than they have ever had before.
The President' Use of Powar
President Wilson has adopted a system of re
wards and punishments for those members of his
party in the senate and the house, to be meted out
to them with respect to their conduct toward his
various policies. Other presidents have done this
lefore Mr. Wilson, but they have been somewhat
more tactful. The president has let It be known
that he will not appoint the candidate of Senator
Keed of Missouri to be postmaster at Kansas City
because the senator headed the opposition to the
confirmation of the nomination of Mr. Jones to be
a member of the federal reserve board. In this inci
dent the president ha8 the example of predecessors
who have felt that they were within their official
rights in determining the fitness of applicants for
appointive offices by the character of the chief
aponsors for them. Mr. Wilson is said, however,
to have sought more openly than any of his pre
decessors to change the views of sponsors for appli
cant, with respect to his pending policies.
It is said that opposing congressmen, though
supposed still to be amenable to reason, have been
sent for by the president to discuss the policy to
ward which they seemed to be unfriendly, and that the
discussion has always been brought deftly around
to Include the somewhat irrelevant topic of the
ambition of some constituent of the congressman to
hold office. It may be that the fathers invested the
president with the power of life and death over the
hopes of applicants for office in order that he might
the better iniuence their congressional friends and
bo leave his impress upon national legislation.
But there is something more than want of tact
gross impropriety in the manner In which the pres-
ident has recently rewarded one of his most faith
ful supporters in congress, Senutor Fletcher of Flor
ida. The senator's son-in-law, a Dr. Kemp, had just
been convicted and sentenced to two years in a fed
eral prison for using the United States mails to
advertise the facility and safety with which he could
perform criminal operations. There could be no
doubt of the doctor's guilt, and there were no ex
tenuating circumstances. There were his brazen
advertisements. But he was promptly pardoned by
the president. , No one can believe that the president
would have so interfered in the case of any other
criminal, or that he would have Interfered if the
criminal in this case had been the son-in-law of
an unfriendly senator.
Though, as we have said, the fathers may have
had in mind the use of the presidential power of
appointment to influence legislation, they could nut
have contemplated that any president would so use
the pardoning power to discharge his political obligations.
The slaughter now going on in Servia and which
in all probability will spread over the continent of
Europe is the most imposing sacrifice ever offered
to appease the shade of any mortal. At the end of
the war the ghost of the Archduke Ferdinand ought
to be satisfied.
Spain, we learn with surprise, has also as
sembled its warships in anticipation of the coming
struggle. We supposed that they were all reposing
at a depth of several fathoms in the bays of San
tiago and Manila.
We learn that our esteemed townsman and
good fellow, Walter Brawner, has divested himself
of the handicap of the chairmanship of the demo
cratic county committee in order that he may have
a freer hand in the primary campaign in behalf
of the candidates of his choice. In other words, by
resigning his position, he has reduced himself to a
war-footing and has painted his fleet an ominous
gray.
HOW WALLACE IRWIN SCAPED SWIMMERS
"My first story." says Wallace Irwin in the
August Strand, -was a newspaper yarn founded on
a thread of fact, but mostly invention. In the sum
mer of 1899, when I found myself unwillingly dis
owned by Leland Stanford, my Alma Mater, I took
a short trip to the shore of Santa Cruz, in Cali
fornia. After a month spent in fishing, flirting and
loitering, I found my funds running extremely low.
Friends who happened to be with me at the time
were giving me roseate accounts of the vast and
easy wealth to be accumulated through writing for
Sunday editions of newspapers. I had never at
tempted anything more ambitious than college Jour
nalism, but I needed the money so badly that I
went forth very' early in the morning in search of
material.
"Almost the first picture to greet my eyes that
morning was a group of Portuguese fishermen strug
gling ferociously with their nets a few hundred yards
down the coast. 'Mackerel!' shouted an early-rising
hotel guest, so we raced to the scene of action, re
moved our shoes, rolled up our trousers, and vol
unteered our assistance to the fishermen, who were
obviously in need of help.
"Several men were working at a huge pulley
on the shore, twenty others were wait-1 -deep in the
surf struggling with the stubborn nets evidently a
record catch in a region where mackerel frequently
ran as high as six tons to the haul. The net was
almost on the beach when the Portuguese began ex
pressing their disgust in their native patois and
before I knew what was actually happening the
foreman was floundering among the nets cutting the
mesh with a huge draw-knife. Then the escape of
the fish began shark! The unlucky fishermen had
cast right in the middle of a school of 'dog-fish.'
pygmy shark who follow mackerel, and had hauled
in a netful of the useless, tough little fighters
"A man was there with a kodak, and the idea
flashed upon me. There were at Uast a thousand
young shark in that net; shark were dangerous;
most of the released captives would soon grow up
into formidable man-eaters. Therefore, the netful
thus carelessly turned loose upon the Pacific was
destined, in time, to be a menace to bathers along the
coast! Perfectly good newspaper logic of a kind!
By noon my story was done. As soon as the snap
shots were developed. I submitted the masterpiece
to a San Francisco Sunday editor, and was grati
fied to receive therefrom a check for $20.
"I spent the money and forgot it, yet I am told
that the story was copied in hundreds of newspapers
in America and abroad, and that the legend still
persists to the effect that the Pacific coast is alive
with shark only waiting for the date when they
shall have grown to sufficiently formidable propor
tions to gobble a full-grown summer girl despite
the fact that the fish who contributed to my story
were a variety of shark which seldom grows beyond
four feet long."
THE TORCH
"It s the play that is my rival?"'
"Yes."
"Does the play mean as much to DeLanvler as
it does to you?"
"More it is his life."
"Would you give your life to preserve the play
lor him if it was In danger?"
"Without hesitation."
"It's the man I hate, but you say the play is
my rival." De Bersac spoke slowly and judicially.
"Well, my rival must be destroyed. I will destroy
the play'
Yvette gasped.
"You can't. We'll guard It."
"You will have no chance. I'm stronger than
you. and there are few people on the place. I saw
the man sitting in his armchair as I passed the
window, with the papers spread out before him. I
know that, as yet, there is but one copy. I shall
go now and destroy that, unless unless you re
turn with me." From "The Torch," by Vennette
Herron, in Women's Stories.
' I BRING YOU ALL I HAVE
I bring you all I have, my life, my work;
I lay my soul before your smile.
But in the wind of one light word
Idly directed by a passer-by,
A word no more conserved for you
Than for another of the crowd,
My poems, all my treasuries.
Are puffed away,
My life and work are written, sealed, forgotten.
I shall unseal them while you are not watching.
And add to them and come again
And bring you all I have, my life, my work.
And lay my soul before your smile.
Witter Bynner, in The Smart Set.
FACT.
Of 2355 pupils in a Minnesota school only 439
were of American parentage. But their children will
all be. Pittsburgh Dispatch.
X
Daisy Upham reaching for a high one.
Old Mother Hubbard
By WALT MASON
Old Mother Hubbard, who went to the cupboard,
to get her poor dog a bone, but when she got
there the cupboard was bare, and so the poor dog
got none. Then old Mother Hubbard she sat down
and blubbered, and roasted the scandalous trusts:
"They're surely inhuman, to rob a oor woman of
even the bones and the crusts. I'll write to the
papers and show up their capers, and prove that
we need a reform; I'll skin them completely, and do
it up neatly, while I am indignant and warm." The
old woman's neighbors, who stuck to their labors,
had plenty of grub in their flat, they promptly
made payment for bonnets and raiment, their bow
wows were rolling In fat. But old Mother Hub
bard, she idled and rubbered, at suffragist meetings,
and aich, and so she was hollow, with nothing to
swallow, while sensible beldames got rich. The wise
dames are baking, the johnnic-rake making, they
work the old stove till it busts; with ladylike ardor
they stock up the larder, and so they can laugh at
the trusts.
WHO MAKES MONEY FARMING AND HOW?
In the current Issue of Farm and Fireside, the
national farm paper published at Springfield, O..
Judson ('. Welliver. Washington correspondent of
that publication, writes an interesting article in
which he shows that large farms are more profitable
than small ones in proportion to the dollars invested.
He says that after two or three years of investiga
tion the government has published a bulletin pre
senting the conclusions of a survey of representative
farms in Indiana, Illinois and Iowa, wherein Is shown
who makes the money farming and how; also who
loses It and why. Following is an extract giving
some of the facts contained in the government's re
ports: "In the first place, it seems to have discovered
that most of It is made by the landlord, and that
chiefly out of the increase in land values. The
. farmer sets poor wages for his work. In a start
lingly large proportion of the cases he gets no wages
at all, after allowance is made for interest on invest
ment and cost of help. The man on the small
farm makes less wages than the man on the bigger
farm, because it costs more for what the efficiency
experts might call overhead operating costs on a
small than on a large farm. If you don't own enough
land to make a good-sized economic farming unit,
rent some and farm it along with what you own.
If you can't get it, sell what you have and go where
you can buy enough, or rent enough, to make the
proper unit.
"The department figures show that as the size
of the farm Increases the proportion of it actually
raising crops increases, and the number of horses
and amount of machinery required per acre to farm
it decreases. Likewise, until the farm gets big
enough to make It possible to handle labor most
efficiently that is, to have something for all the
hands to be doing all the time that is worth while
the proportionate labor cost is too large on the
small farm. That may be tough on the intensive ex
perts, but it's a fact they can't get around. The
small farm must have the various implements, but
they don't do as much work per dollar of cost that
they represent, as on the bigger farm.
"The survey which brought out these and many
more Important facts included 277 farms in Indiana,
T96 in Illinois, and 227 in Iowa. . In each state rather
more than half were operated by the owners, and
the rest by tenants."
Tennis experts profess to see In'
Miss Daisy Upham of San Francisco
the coming woman's tennis cham
pion. She is beating all women,
comers, including Miss Sarila Wood,
former title holder of the Pacific
coast. Miss Upham's back-hand
drives and steady returns from the
back court show remarkable court
generalship. She practices every
day at the Golden Gate park courts
in San Francisco and never seems to
grow tired. The coast metropolis al
ready has a long record of champion
ship title holders to its credit.
Guatemala
By GEORGE FITCH
Author of "At Good Old Siwash"
OuatemHla is not as important in the news
papers as Newport or the Federal League. Yet if
Guatemala were to turn entirely over, as it has
vainly attempted to do several times during its vol
canic and earthquake career, coffee would rise
largely in price and thousands of Italians would havo
to buy street organs for want of bananas to sell.
For this hitter reason we should regard Guate
mala as a blessing and treat it with consideration.
At one time Guatemala also supplied most of
It doesn't know how to work th thing
the red coloring matter for the world, it being in
fested with a small red bug called cochineal, which
when boiled and used ns a dye made beautiful red
cloth. However, science has substituted chemical
dyes and the cochineal bug now wanders unharmed
through Guatemala and can only end its life by
tailing into the coffee.
Guatemala is situated in the center of South
American hostilities and has been jostling Nica
ragua, Honduras and Salvador for elbow room for
almost a century. It is us large as the state of
The Federal
will help some, but YOUR success
you probably need is a few more
The Phoenix
THE
VALLEY BANK
MODERN METHODS, SAFE
DEPOSIT BOXES, TRAVE-
LER'S CHECKS, LET
v TERS OF CREDIT
EVERYTHING IN MODERN
SERVICE.
Paid-Up Capital
and Surplus
$165,000
(And no demand liabilities)
behind our Guarantee Title Poli
cies.
Phoenix Title
and Trust Co.
18 North First Avenue.
New York and contains over 2.000,000 people, a few
of whom can read. Guatemala has no divorce ques
tion, this being avoided by cutting out marriage to a
very great extent.
Most Guatemalans are Indians, many of whom
work on the large German plantations and are per
fectly free except that they cannot leave until they
pay their debts, and they cannot pay their deb's
without leaving. Guatemala has a beautiful consti
tution, modelled on our own, but the nation is like
a young lady with a complicated automobile. It
doesn't know how to work the thing. Guatemala has
had almost as many presidents as Mexico, and they
have given as little satisfaction. It is the trouble
maker of Central America, and more than once the
United States has had to rush down there in u gun
boat and talk things over while holding two or more
warring republics firmly by the ear.
Guatemala is a hot, moist land, profusely deco
rated with volcanoes and l.'.OOO-foot mountains in
its middle and with swamps filled with compressed
malaria along the seashore. It has the most beauti
ful birds in the world and also the most ornamental
postage stamps. There was once a highly civilized
Indian government in Guatemala, with great build
ings and a literature. The country is now slowly
improving and may some day get back to where it
was 500 years ago.
WHEN THE LANCERS SHOCKED
Mr. and Mrs. Vernon Castie, authors of the just
published book, "Modern Iancing," as ardent ad
vocates of the new dances, call attention to the fact
that those of un earlier day now considered se
dateencountered the same opposition as the tango
and maxixe have met with. "Even the lancers,"
they say, "did not go unmolested by the poisonous
arrows of prudes, and came in for its turn of foolish
antagonism. An American writing home in those
days "hoped that the exhibition of dancing practiced
in depraved Europe would never soil any drawing
room in the land of the free." However, the lancers
came to be included in the program of the state balls
of Buckingham Palace and were sanctioned by Queen
Victoria,"
EDIBLE AND GOODLOOKING
The only thing wrong with the dandelion is that
it is too common. If it were rare the government
would be sending out dandelion seeds in r.eat little
packages and urging cultivation of the plant. Kal
amazoo Telegraph-Press.
HIS PRAYER ANSWERED.
"Ah!" he sighed, "If you only gave me the least
hope I "
"Gracious!" interrupted the hard-hearted belle,
I've been giving you the least I ever gave any man."
Philadelphia Ledger.
Reserve Bank
is up to YOU, Mr. Farmer. What
cows to eat up that feed. Talk to
National Bank

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