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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, August 09, 1914, Image 1

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VOL. XXV. NO. 83
Swift Action of American
Government in Meeting
Serious Situation at Home
and Abroad Created by
European "War
Conditions of Americans in
Europe Are Gradually
Improving Following the
Completion of Mobiliza
tion of Great Armies
EasooATn pbsbs dispatch;
WASHINGTON. Aug:. 8 The activ
ity of the American government in the
Ktiropean war situation is confined to
the issuance of new instructions for the
clearance of foreign ships and the de
velopment of plans for the relief of
Americans in Europe. Large sums
have been cabled by the state depart
ment for the immediate use of its di
plomatic officers in aiding Americans
in various European capitals. Secretary
Harrison has practically decided to
dinner neutral vessels abroad to bring
Americans home. Efforts will be made
to secure the release of Americans ar
rested in Germany on charge of spying.
Dispatches received from consular
agents throughout Europe by the state
department reassured officials here
that the condition of the American
refugees was not so alarming as they
have been led to believe by previous
reports. Secretary of War Garrison, in
charge of the relief work, said the
number of Americans reported to be in
distress has been so minimized that it
Ls unnecessary to send transports to
more than two or three European
Lieutenant Col. Squire, the American
military attache at London reported
conditions in England rapidly ap
proaching normal although a large
number of Americans from the conti
nent continued to arrive there. Pre
paration is being made, he said to bring
all Americans In Switzerland who de
sired transportation to Calais, Bou
logne or Dieppe by special train. Rail
road operations in France, despatches
pay, have been almost completely re
stored and it was thouglit no further
trouble would be experienced byAmer
icans there.
Of all the Americans in Europe, the
secretary said those in Switzerland ap
pear in need of financial aid the most.
Speedy relief in this direction is as
sured, however, and conditions there,
it is said, will be alleviated within the
next several days.
Rtdfield Optimistic
Secretary Redfield declaring himself
an optimist said today, no one codld tell
what the government's loss of revenue
from the European war might be for
this country could turn to other mark
ets for sources of supply.
"There is nothing in our situation
that should cause anxiety, much less
excitement," said the secretary.
"The foreign commerce of the coun
try is not going to stop, no prophesies
of continued future loss of revenue
have any sound basis in present fact.
Nobody can foresee the degree to
which, if at all, or the length of time,
during which purchases of supplies
from abroad will be either prohibited or
"The forces of commerce are greater
than those of war. Nations must live
find by the action of living must do
business with one another."
Word Reaches Germany
The offer of the wireless station at
Tuckerton, N. J., furnishes the Ameri
can government with its first means of
communication with isolated Germany.
Only two messages acknowledging the
receipt of the tender of good offices
of the American government came
from Europe. President Poincare ex
pressed his appreciation of the offer
but made no comment on whether or
not it would be accepted. The Russian
foreign office sent a message through
the American embassy acknowledging
the receipt of the offer, saying it would
be forwarded to Emperor Nicholas,
who is with the army in the field.
Shipping Bill Delayed
Two democratic senators, Pome
rene of Ohio and Saulsbury of Dela
ware, prevented the emergency bill
amending the Panama canal act to
Resources of European Powers
Shown in Figures and Men
The number of men In the armies (at war strength) of the great
powers, whose clash seems imminent, in proportion to their popula
tion, according to latest figures, is as follows:
Germany, 1 man in 12.48 of population; Austria, 1 in 25.67; Italy,
1 In 29.36; United Kingdom, 1 in 62.15; France, 1 in 9.09; Russia, 1
in 31.10.
Figures which give some idea of their comparative
men and money follows:
Triple Alliance
Population. War Strength. Debt.
tieimany 64,925,993 5,200,000 $1,177,418,000
Austria 51,340,378 2,000,000 1,433,511,000
Mary 35,238,097 1,200,000 2.706,609,000
..151,504,468 8,400,000 $5,377,538,000
Triple Entente
Population. War Strength. Debt.
. . 45,370,530 730,000 $3,485,818,000
. . 39,601,509 4,000,000 6,283,675,000
..171,059,900 5.500,000 4.553,488,000
Great Britain
admit to American register foreign
built ships less than five years old
in order to facilitate American over
seas traffic during the European
After four days' debate, the meas
ure was about to be put on its pas
sage, when Senator Saulsbury, whose
amendment was defeated in commit
tee, reoffered it and demanded a
rr.ll call. The senators would not
second the request, whereupon Sen
ator Pomerene, against the protesta
tions of his colleagues, made a point
of no quorum!. When a quorum
could not be found, after prolonged
delay, the senate adjourned until
Increased Postal Savings
The European conflict has given
enormous impetus to the. postal sav
ings system, according to reports to
Postmaster General Burleson from
postmasters in large commercial cen
ters. Scores of foreign-born wage
earners are taking their savings to
the postoffices, thus releasing enor
mous sums for commercial purposes
which would otherwise be hoarded.
Market Confidence
Many new accounts are being
opened and the. number of with
drawals, already below the normal,
has rapidly diminished. In New
York city last week deposits quad
rupled daily, while scores of other
(Continued on Page Nine.)
Federal Reserve
Board In Control
Beginning Monday
Tassociateo press dispatch!
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8. The federal
reserve board, the supreme agency of
the new currency system, will take of
fice on Monday, more than seven
months after the president signed the
currency act.
After all delays incident to the pre
liminary work of preparing for the sys
tem and difficulty in the senate over
the confirmation of its members, the
board will probably be able to get down
to business next week. All the. mem
bers of the board are now in Washing
ton except F. A. Delano, and he will
arrive Monday.
It became known today that Presi
dent Wilson will name Charles S. Ham
lin governor of the board and Mr. De
lano, vice governor. With the swear
ing in of the members only one more
step must be taken before the board
takes up its duty. Under the law the
organization committee, composed of
the secretary of the treasury, the secre
tary of agriculture and the comptroller
of the currency, must call the first for
mal meeting of the board.
A majority of the organization is now
in Washington and this meeting will
be called immediately after the board
is sworn in.
Once in office the board will make
the moves necessary to open the twelve
reserve banks provided by law. Al
though there are several details to be
worked out. the principal matters that
must precede the opening of the banks
will not take much time. The system
may be in operation in several cities at
least, before the end of the month.
Balloon Ascension Is Attended by
NEWBT'RYPORT, Mass., Aug. 8.
A forty-foot flagpole dropped to the
ground in the midst of a large crowd
gathered for a balloon ascension at
the North End Boat Club today,
killing an 11-months-old baby in his
carriage and seriously injuring his
mother, Mrs. Elizabeth Pray, and
William B. Squires.
The balloon was anchored between
two tall poles, one of which gave way
when the bag swayed against it in
a strong gust of wind and fell
against the flagstaff, breaking it off
three feet from the ground.
ST. LOCKS, Aug. 8. Louis Disbrow
lowered the world's automobile record
for a mile on a circular dirt track, time
forty-six and one-fifth seconds, one
fifth of a second below previous record.
resources in
Total Wealth.
$ 60,500,000,000
Total Wealth.
$ 80,000,000,000
.256,031,939 10,230,000 $14,322,981,000 $185,000,000,000
Ml DM UFAR? 0 fl'ffiS IW FAI I ITM four ire of
dehlin am& umt hao r aluki m mm
BEFORE Mill BaTTaL una
German Capital Becomes
Tumultuous With Enthu
siasm When Kaiser An
nounces Alleged Capture
of Belgian Fortress
Capture Alkirck and Muel-
hausen. Inflicting Tern tic
Losses Upon the Gennan
Troops Who Flee Before
Bavonet Charge
Berlin is celebrating the
fall of Liege. The Gennan
emperor announced through
an aide-de-camp the suc
cess of the Gennan arms in
Coincidentally, a Paris
dispatch says that three
German army corps which
have been attacking liege
remain in their positions,
but .that extensive move
ments of troops have been
observed which, it is pre
sumed, meant that the Ger
mans intend an extensive
attack on the Belgians be
fore the arrival of French
A Brussels dispatch, prob
ably of later date, reported
that communication with
Liege was cut off.
Paris- officially reports
that the French troops have
entered Muelliausen, Alsace-Lorraine,
an important
Gorman stronghold, and oc
cupied the village Altkirch,
in Alsace, near the Swiss
British troops have land
ed at Ostend, Calais and
Dunkirk. It is officially
announced that 20,000 cross
ed the channel and are now
on their way to Namur. It
is believed that other large
bodies will be transported
to Belgium at the earliest
possible moment. In Lon
don the recruiting offices
are besieged with volun
(Associated Press Dispatch)
don, Aug. 8. In Berlin
there has been great rejoic
ing over the report that
Liecre has fallen.
A dispatch received from
the German capital says:
"News of the fall of Liege
spread with lightning rapid
ity throughout Berlin and
created boundless enthu
siasm. The emperor sent
an aide-de-camp to an
nounce the capture ot the
city to the crowds that as
sembled outside the pal
ace." French Take Village
PARIS, via London, Sun
day, Aug. 9. An official re
port of the capture by the
French of the village of Alt-
Ikireh savs the French ad-
I " -i J 1. -C
vance cuara arnvea oeiore
the nlace before nightfall on
Fridav. The town was de
fended by strong earth
works and occupied by ;
German brigade. The French
in about an equal number
farriorl the breastworks in
a fierce bavonet charge
The Germans broke, aband-
(Continued on Page Five)
' v
The French cavalry is said
to have arrived at Liege,
where masses of Gennan
troops are reported moving
forward to support the
strong advance guard which
was checked by Belgians
and, according to reports
from Belgian sources, lost
2-1,000 men in killed, wound-!
ed and prisoners. The Gor
man war office declares the
Gennan check is not a de
feat, but the result of the
heroic attempt of the small
German force to advance in
the i'ace of difficulties.
The French and Gorman
troops are said to have come
in contact at Luxemburg,
where several German army
corps are supposed to have
Numbers of Gennans were
arrested in England on sus
picion of spying.
Portugal decided to act as
the ally of Great Britain
under the terms of the old
treaty by which it must sup
ply 10,000 men. A French
newspaper dispatch reports
the sinking of the German
cruiser Augsburg in the Bal
tic by a Russian torpedo
boat. -
No hint is vet given as to
the position of the bulk of
the twenty-four G or m a n
army corps or the twenty
one French army corps. It
is known that several Ger
man corps are near the Rus
sian frontier, the organi
zation of other corps from
in immense body of re
serves must have occurred!
since the mobilization. These
probably have taken the
places in the interior forti
fied cities of soldiers of the
active army who, it is as
sumed, are now prepared to
make their first dash at the
It is pointed out by the
military men that any de
cisive movement by the Ger
man or French army will
involve several hun d r e d
thousands of men on each
side . whose contact will
throw into a shadow the
fight at Liege.
Reports from many quar
ters record the further cap
tures of merchant vessels
sailing under the German
flag, while the presence of
contact mines even in neu
tral waters was shown in to
day's wreck of a Norwegian
steamer in the Zuyder Zee
in the Netherlands.
British trawlers are
searching British waters for
JE ' 'A.vjf, '.. . . . .v.-...;.:.:.:..:. 9.MBfyxo ;yvii.f ;iv.:.
a Ktr j .t nU t&m n
Iassociated press dispatchI
WASHINGTON, Aug. S. A German
viewpoint of the struggle in Europe
was given today by the German i'h:irge
d' affaires, Daniel von lleiiTibansen,
who returned from Newport to assume
personal direction of the German em
bassy in the ahsenre in Europe of Am
bassador Count von Kernstorff.
Von Heimbausen held a lengthy con
fereneo with Secretary Bryan on the
genera) situation and also saw Coun
sellor I.-insinc; of the state department
ernins several acute pnases reiat
to the detention of Americans inlv"' n.umouuseu iooks upon mis as
Germany, the sailing ol t,erinan rosen -ists
and operations of German mere-linn;
Concerning the political aspect of the
conflict, the German charge maintains
j that reports from London seem to give
tne erroneous iiiinesMon vinni'iu
precipitated the war wholly because of
German troops advancing into Belgium,
w hereas he declares the British foreign
office previously laid down terms to i
Germany which would nave nuu tne
effect of restraining the German navy
from operating against Russia in the
TSaltic the most natural waterway
leading to Russian possessions or
from operating against France along
I he north coast of that country, which
is the most natural point tor licrman
navnl forces to operate.
Thus before the neigian issue arose,
Von Httimbausen contends, England
sought to compel Germany to hold its
navy inactive at the very points where
it could Jie most effective and reduce
it to a slate of comparative inaction in
upholding such a position as the Ger
man nation might determine upon.
As to Belgium, also, Mr. Von Heim
bausen declares, the British govern
liient sought to tie the hands of Ger
many by a permanent agreement not
to cross Belgian territory when at the
same lime Germany was aware that
French forces had already entered Bel
gium and were operating there in de
fiance of all neutrality: and also that
Belgian coast points were ready to re
ceive British land and sea forces.
This menace of humiliating the Ger
man navy by reducing it to a condi
tion of passive inaction except at
points far removed from Its base, while
the British and other fleets were free
to operate at-will; and the added re
straint of Germany in Belgium, while
France remained unrestrained, com-,
pelled Germany to reject British con
ditions and adopt measures compatible
with her national dignity and defense.
As to military- operations around Lie-
i BP,
Mr. Von Haimbausen points out
that Ensiish and French reports seek
to give them the aspect of a great en
gagement, whereas, he says they were
merely the work of an advance guard,
small in number, of the vast German
forces now advancing, which made a
bold but unsuccessful attempt to take
a modern fortress. He considers the
English reports of losses as exaggerated
and says that notw ithstanding the Eng
lish reports, the advance guard was
not equipped with heavy siege guns
capable of reducing a fortress. Mr.
merely a prelude to the advance of the
highly organized main corps of the
German army.
The German charge explained to of
ficials that the interruption of Ameri
can travel and exit from Germany was
forced by the military necessity of
taking all available trains for transpor
tation service and that this would be
accomplished with the least possible
j inconvenience to individuals and would
soon be over.
Tassociatrij press dispatch
New- York on August 1, arrived in
Southampton this afternoon a'fter a
fast trip,
I north on
The steamer proceeded
the usual lane of travel
i Wjtn all her lights extinguished at
night. No German wa.-ship was
' sighted. The German reservists
aboard the Oceanic were detained,
but other passengers were not molested.
Nation Will Pay Tribute
To Mrs. Wilson's Memory
associated pre&s. dispatch!
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8. The nation,
represented in Washington by congress
and government departments, will pay
tribute on Monday afternoon to Mrs.
Woodrow Wilson. The funeral will be
in the East Room of the White House.
Indications come from many parts of
the country that the people quite gen
erally will show their respect in vari
ous ways while the services are held.
The senate adjourned until Tuesday
and government departments will be
closed on Monday and Tuesday after
noons during the services here and in
Rome, Georgia. A special train, con-
sistins of a private car for the casket.
Constable Rudd Picks Up
Much-Wanted Man Ri
vera at Glendale, While
Thackeray at Sacaton
Gets Three
Dispatch Carriers Among
Those Apprehended and
1 nt erpreter at Indian
Meetings Held by Ortiz
on Reservation
Four more of the bold banditti
that were determined to visit ven
geance upon the city of Phoenix by
means of an uprising of, Mexicans
;.nd Indians, were scooped in, by the.
efforts of the sheriff's office, aided
by Superintendent Thackeray of the
Sacaton Indian reservation yesterday.
The first man apprehended was one
who had been largely desired by
the officers because of his alleged
leadership in the conspiracy to rob
the stores, blow up the banka and
create general consternation in the
city. His name is Juan G. Rivera
and his house has been used, it is
alleged, as a rendezvous for the
would -be outlaws. Rivera wan ap
prehended by I'ncle John Rudd, con
stable at Glendale.
The other three men caught are In
dians and others from the reservation
at Sacaton. Sheriff Adams went
down yesterday afternoon to get
them and they were turned over to
him and by him safely landed in the
county bastille. Last night three of
the men were subjected to a search
ing examination by the sheriff's of
ficers and United States District At
torney Thomas A. Flynn. They gave
their names as Francisco Bejo, Fran
cisco Meleon and Lo'."enzo Luna,
Luna was the interpreter at several
meetings held by the fugitive Mifruel
Ortiz on the reservation and told
last night all the facts of what had
passed between Ortiz and the Pimas
at three of the meetings held.
Meleon was one of the dispatch
bearers. He obtained the letters
f.-om Cordova, in Phoenix, he said,
and took them to Guadalupe, where
he gave them to his son, who took
them to a secret box where Ortiz ob
tained them. Afterward this boy
would go to the box and get the
answers, delivering them to his
father at Guadalupe for delivery to
the "companeros" in Phoenix. Mele
no's son has been under arrest for
some time.
Luna told the whole story of the
work to arouse the Indians. One of
the meetings, he said, was held
three weeks ago or so and he acted
as interpreter. Ortiz told the In
dians what the plans were. It was a
secret meeting and only those who
could be trusted were there. The
plans were made for organizing th
Indians into a body an attempt was
made to get five hundred and with
them come to Phoenix, where they
would be met by the Mexicans, who
were o-ganized, according to the in
formation conveyed.
Luna's story corroborated that told
by Jose Franco several days ago as
to the plans that were being laid,
but gave more definite information
as to the work of preparation among
the Indians. The leaders on the res
ervation, however, we"e somewhat
slow about starling, and this evoked
some expressions of anger from Or
tiz, who said he had told them to be
ready several times, but they were
not. One attack was wanted for last
Thursday, but only the fact that the
Indians held off and the sheriffs of
ficers began scooping up the sus
pects frustrated the plan.
Luna said he had finally told the
superintendent about the whulo
thing. He was afraid at first, for
Ortiz had threatened him with death
and be. was afraid he would keep his
word. Superintendent Thackeray is
working hard in conjunction with the
officers to get the rest of the sus
pects down there.
For Arizona Fair in south portion.
the president and his family, a sleeper .
for a few relatives and intimate friends
dining and barrage car, will take the
party to Georgia.
Both houses of congress made an ar
rangement to purchase magnificent
floral pieces for the funeral. Flowers
arrived from individuals and organi
zations from all parts of the country.
The body of Mrs. Wilson was placed in
a mahogany casket, lined with copper,
covered with silver-gray broadcloath
and with silver handles. On the cas
ket a silver plate is engraved simply
"Ellen Axson Wilson. May fifteen,
eighteen sixty August sixth, nineteen
fourteen." l

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