THE 'ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST 10, 1914
jf ill Arizona Republican's Editorial Page ILJI
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I : The Arizona Republican
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MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST 10, 1914
War is a fire struck in the Devil's
The Need of a Merchant Marina
This country is now feeling the need of a mer
chant marine as never before, and is trying to pass
an emergency measure directly contradictory to one
that was given boastful prominence in the Panama
canal act providing that "sea-going vessels, whether
steam or sail, which have been certified by the
steamship inspection service as safe to carry dry
end perishable cargo, not more than five years old
at the time they apply for registry, wherever built,
being wholly owned by citizens of the United States
r any state thereof, the president and managing
directors of which shall be citizens of the United
States, and no others, may be registered. Foreign
built vessels registered pursuant to this act shall
not engage in coastwise trade." The law lays down
many other stipulations, including one which re
quires registered ships to take on American crews.
An amendment is now before the senate, but
in spite of the emergency which confronts American
trade and commerce, the traditional democratic
objection was so strong that Senators Pomerene
and Saulsbury un Saturday prevented an early
amendment to the act, removing the disabilities of
foreign ships, notwithstanding such an amendment
lias been urged by the administration.
At the present time there are only six ships
engaged in trans-Atlantic trade under United States
registry. This meager half dozen will fall far short
of being sufficient for the carrying of American
commodities abroad and for which there will prob
ably be an increased demand.
The ships of Germany, France, Russia and Great
Britain have been withdrawn from commercial car
rying. Those of Italy will almost certainly be with
drawn. However, the war may go on the sea, it
will be a long time before even the merchant ships
of a. nation in supremicy will run the risk of cap
ture by the wandering warships of a hostile nation.
According to official reports, there have so far
been no naval engagements in which any of the
wmriug nations have suffered severely. If we as
sume, though, that In the course of the war, Ger
many will be worsted on the sea, for months to
come, probably as long as the war will last, her
cruisers, battleships and other craft will turn up
in the most unexpected places. The fear of that
alone will paralyze British, French and Russian mer
chantmen. There will be no neutral ships aside from the
half dozen of our own and perhaps a handful of
those of the small nations of Europe which have
not been drawn into the war, to handle the Amer
ican trade. Our elevators are filled with wheat
bought at high prices stimulated by war news, but
it cannot be moved. Other food products and non
contraband goods are waiting at every port to be
moved, but there are no ships to move them.
The United States will suffer more severely
from this state of things than any other nation.
Great Britain, in a pinch, can receive her food prod
ucts from Canada and India, brought under the
convoy of warships. France may be so supplied.
Russia's wheat crop this year is a bumper, nearly a
billion bushels, only a little less than our own.
After the war, of course the American supply
would be in demand at good prices, but the average
American producer cannot wait for wars to end.
Only the wealthy speculators can stand such sus
pense. Passive Faith
"Had our ancestors kept the land they bought
for a shilling an acre in the heart of what is now
a great city, how busy we might now be clipping
toupona." says the Mesa Free Press. If enough of
our ancestors had held such cheaply purchased land,
there would be no great cities the land would be
worth little more than a shilling, and nobody would
be clipping coupons.
Enough people in every town now hold to land,
waiting for an Increase in' its value, to retard to
some extent the gnwth of the town. It may be
said in favor of the Astor family, whose great fo
tune consists chiefly of the growth in value of their
holdings, that they assisted materially in the growth
and did not wait for their neighbors to make It more
valuable. They took the lead in making improve
ments and encouraged their less thrifty neighbors
to make improvements. The elder Xstors were too
business-like to hold waste spaces which brought in
no revenue, against the uncertain time when the
natural growth of the neighborhood would make a
market for their holdings. If the Astors had sim
ply held their land, the members of the family would
not be so busy now collecting rents and clipping
1Vhen-a man merely holds great areas of ground
in a town, that is evidence of some faith in the
future of (he town, but it is a passive faith like that
f some ilfliristians who do not know that "Faith
without Works1 is dead." But when a man holds
land and improves it, and so contributes to the
growth of the community, his. is an active and help
ful faith. ' '
The time is passing when men can afford to
wait for the unearned increment. Before long the
American system of taxation will be so changed that
the man who holds property which he cannot, or
does not. use for himself or the community, will be
The Cape Cod Canal
There is no genuine New Englander so old he
cannot remember that in the days of his youth it
was confidently predicted that the dangerous ocean
passage around Cape Cod would be rendered un
necessary by a ship canal from Barnstable bay to
Buzzard's bay. It is said that the idea of a Cape
Cod sea-level canal originated in the minds of the
Puritans. In the days of Washington a survey was
made, and just before the opening of the civil war a
comprehensive report on a canal to cut through Cape
Cod was presented to the legislature of Massachu
setts. It was not, though, until the year 1909 that
the project took definite form, under the stimulus of
private capital, and the waterway has now been
opened to traffic after five years of constructive
The opening of the Cape Cod canal has inspired
Leslies Weekly to bring out some interesting sta
tistics regarding navigation around the famous cape,
it is said that duriug the past half century or more
over 2,000 vessels have been wrecked while trying
to weather the treacherous cape, and approximately
. 700 lives have been lost It is estimated that 25,000
Vessels, carrying 25,000,000 tons of freight, round the
cape every year. The claim is made, and it is doubt
less well founded, that practically all of this im
mense traffic will find absolute safety and additional
profit by traversing the Cape Cod canal.
The new waterway has fair ship-canal dimen
sions. At low tide its depth is twenty-five feet, and
its width at the bottom of the prism is 100 feet. The
progress of vessels is not impeded by locks. It is
fair to assume that no vessels in the coastwise trade
draw twenty-five feet of water, hence it well may
be that the important part of this traffic will seek
the inland passage.
It is said that many American teachers have
been, caught on the other side and will not get home
in time to "take up'' school. In which case many
American youth will return thanks for the respite
tu the god of war.
Just when it is really needed, the flying ship
America will postpone her trans-Atlantic trip.
THE SANE LUNATIC
A man entered a picture gallery the other day
and said :
"I've got J100.000 that I want to spend in the
encouragement of native art I want to buy paint
tings by unknown painters of talent. This will
help the painters along, and, ;f I choose wisely, it
will be a good investment for me. I put myself in
Needless to say the dealer was more than
"You're a wise nan and a good man,'' he mut
tered; and he had already chosen for his patron
130 canvases, value $7,000, when a uniformed keeper
entered. The patron was, alas, insane.
But. dear reader, ere you smile, stop and ask
yourself if that lunatic's pioposition was so very
lunatic after all.
Men go daily to their bankers with far greater
than $100,000; they ask their bankers to choose in
vestments for them; and the bankers choose N. G.,
which later on drops 70 points; and P. T. R., which
drops 37 points; and New Haven, which drops 150
points, and S. O. H. which vanishes altogether. Yet
the action of these skinned men is not deemed in
sane and nobody dreams of smiling at it.
Why smile, then, at the lunatic's action? The
lunatic, a score of years ago, could have spent his
$100,000 on Whistlers at $50 or $75 that are now
worth $20,000; on Innises at $100 that have risen to
$5,000; on Sisleys at $150 that easily fetch $7,500.
And there are Am?rican painters in New York
today who will be the Sisleys. the. Whistlers, the
Sargents and the Innises of the future. The man
who spends $100,000 on the work of these painters
today will unquestionably leave a fortune of several
millions of dollars in pictures to his heirs. But if
a man should buy unknown pictures, his investment
would be deemed lunatic and ridiculous, where, if lie
bought some water-soaked f-tock, everybody would
say he had in him the makings of a Morgan or
A COMPASS WITHOUT A MAGNET
Gyroscopic compasses are now being installed
on all the battleships and submarines of the United
States navy, where the magnetic compass can not
possibly be used because of the proximity of iron
or steel. On submarines, where the gyro compass
is exceedingly Important, a ninety-volt alternating
current generator of special design is required to
drive the heavy balance wheel at a velocity of about
8600 revolutions per minute. The characteristics of
the generator allow the wheel to be thrown directly
upon the line and brought up to full speed automa
tically In about thirty minutes without attention
on the part of the operator and without excessive
current The servo-motor or follow-up system
shields the gyro from all external forces and fric
tion, operates the transmitter for sendirg out Indi
cations to any number of repeater compasses In
distant parts of the ship, and operates the device
correcting for speed, course and latitude of ship. So
exact is the gyro-compass that the maximum error
must not exceed 0.5 degrees in azimuth when swung
for six days under conditions of rolling, pitching and
yawing of an' artificial ship. The stabilizing gyro
will require one-tenth the space and weight of the
equivalent best designed water pendulum. Electri
THE EVIDENCE CONCLUSIVE
The Court You make grave charges against
your husband, madame, on your bill for divorce.
The Wife I can prove ihcm all, your honor.
The Court You have absoltue proof?
The Wife I have.
The Court What are they?
The Wife I have four phonograph records of
his singin glove songs to a woman friend.
The Court Well: proceed, please.
The Wife I have a transcript of records made
from a dictagraph which Ihed placed in his office.
The Court Well, well go on.
The Wife And my five reels of moving pictures
The Court I think you had better take a de
cree. Detroit News.
. ' yw'ww''- , ..
GERMANS BUSY WITH GREAT DIRIGIBLE, NEW RAPID FIRE :
GUNS AND MARVELOUS DEVICE TO FIGHT ENEMIES' AIR CRAFT)
rp of German dirigible, kaiser di- "KM3" rI'V.fll
rectinn with forefinger trials of WtPjM kl ' t
rapid-fire guns and engines for de- WMMT ';'8v I
stroking hostile airships. C3f ' ' " "'Hpf ' ' "!
By WALT MASON
We mobbed the umpire t'other day, and chased
him from the park; he called the game at close of
diiy, because 'twas growing diirk. Our boys had
just begun to swat the ball, to take the bun, and
then they had to leave the lot, defeated by one run.
Then we arose, as though one man, ;ind chased the
umpire thence; ah. merrily the villain ran. and
climbed a ten-foot fence. O'er meadow bind, through
growing crop, we chased his frightened nibs, and
bottles, emptied of their pop. collided with his ribs.
And bric-a-brac, and lifeless cats, and chunks of
brick and coal, we threw ,to reach the victim's -slats,
and we had good control. Oh, you may say it was
a crime, to hound the umpite thus, but we enjoyed
a splendid time, and, following the fuss, we all were
in a cheerful mood, forgotten were, our woes, the
heat in which we long had stewed, the sweat that
Boaked our clothes. We felt refreshed, and far be
hind our griefs were blown away, and we were in
a frame of mind to face another day. If you a
stranger are to smiles, if life seems s;id and blue,
just chase an umpire seven miles, and you'll be good
IT'S A SMILE THAT WINS
The trolley car was well filled with people
tired people. Women who had been shopping, men
who had been working their nerves on edge from
hours of relentless effort and the disappointments
of the day. Some tried to btiry their feelings In eve
ning newspapers; some stared blankly into space.
The, heaviness of the ill-ventilated car rested on
them all. Life was a dreary, sordid thing.
At the next stop, the last passenger to enter
was a woman carrying a baby. The mother shook
her just a little and the whimper turned into a wail.
The men frowned behind their papers or glared
above the sheet. Those who had no papers scowled
at the mother for daring to travel with a child
during the rush hour.
And then the miracle! A mother-looking woman
with a hunch of gay roses in her hat snapped her
fingers at the Taby and smiled. The baby stopped
crying. The motherly person tried ;t again. This
time both her eyes and lips smiled and she nodded
her head until the flowers ,n ber hat fairly danced.
The expression of the baby's face changed from
surprise and curiosity to op.-n delight. It waved its
hands. It talked in eloquent "goos" and "gurgles"
to the nodding flowers. The peevish expression
vanished from the mother's fact and maternal pride
appeared in its stead. Those who had no papers
yielded to the baby's conversational charm and
their neighbors began to peer interestedly around
the corner of their pages. By the lime the baby
was going through futile contortions to reach the
nodding roses, the t-ntlre mental atmosphere of the
car had been sweetened.
And this miracle was wrought by a smile!
TWO JOLTS FROM MARK TWAIN
Mark Twain and Chauncey Depew once went
abroad on the same ship. When the ship was a
few days out they were both invited to a dinner.
Speechmaking time came. Mark Twain had the
first chance. He spoke twenty minutes and made a
great hit. Then it was Depew's turn. "Mr; Toast
master and ladies and gentlemen," said the famous
raconteur as he arose, "before this dinner Mark
Twain and myself made an agreement to trade
speeches. He has Just delivered my speech, and I
thank you for the pleasant manner in which you
received it. I regret to say that I have lost the
notes of his speech and cannot remember anything
he was to say." Then he sat down. There was
much laughter. Next day an Englishman who had
been in the party came across Mark Twain in the
smoking room. "Mr. Clemens he said, "I consider
you much imposed upon last night. I have always
heard that Mr. Depew is a clever man, but really
that speech you made of his last night struck me
as being the most Infernal rot."
I Mummies i
j By GEORGE FITCH
Mummies were invented by the Egyptians many
thousands of years ago and consist of ex-human be
ings in a shocking state of preservation.
When . the e;iriy Egyptian of good family ex
pired his remains were considered too valuable to
lose. He was accordingly turned over to the priests,
who hollowed him out neatly, stuffed him with bitu
men and old rags anil then wrapped him in several
miles of fine cloth saturated with preservatives.
When this was done he was placed in a neat mum
my case with a decorated lid and the case was put
in a stone sarcophagus. If the deceased was very
prominent a pyramid was then built over him.
Mummifying was a long and elaborate process
and very comforting to the relatives, because they
could be perfectly sure that the late departed would
not wake up after being entombed and complain
about the hastiness of the proceedings.
After the mummy had been filed away in the
tomb of its fatheis. it lay without change for doz
ens of centuries while empires perished, cities dis
appeared and the restless sand of the desert march
ed in serried hills across the land.
The rude vandals of a later civilization with
"Lunking Clodhoppers from Yorkshire Make Fun of
Him and Try to Steal His Teeth for Souvenirs."
picks and shovels uncovered the tomb, hauled out
the mummy and its relatives, piled them along a
railroad track like cordwood and used them to stoke
the engines of the construction trains.
This teaches us the folly of trying to preserve
a dear departed relative beyond the. time when our
descendants will be able to stand around and de
fend his remains with a gun. The Egyptians were
at fo fcrj.
u man Knows. Every man who reads can know
there are hundreds of publications without price that will teach
you how. (Jive up Dad's way, and open your mind, and become
teachable then tell us your plans.
The Phoenix National Bank
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well meaning but they overdid the thing. It is no
favor to a man to preserve him so well that 4.UC0
years later when he is hauled out of a sarcophagus,
friendless and alone, he will be ground up for ferti
lizer or sold to an American museum where thous
ands of spectators will make ribald remarks about
his skinny features.
The Rameses boys wete great kings and in
their day could eradicate a whole political party
with a wink. But who is now so humble as old
Rameses as he lies in the London museum with his
sparse dejected hair, built-in grin and protuberant
Adam's apple, while the lunking clodhoppers from
Yorkshire make fun of him and try' to steal his
teeth for sourvenirs?
Rameses was hard on his people but they got
even with him. They turned him over to posterity
DEATH OF A POWERFUL MAN
There died at his home in Murfrcesboro, Tenn.,
last Kriday a very remarkable and a very powerful
man a man to whom many of the sovereigns of
the earth paid honor and who envied him his posi
tion, the honors that were his and the power for
good that he exercised.
James D. Richardson for eighteen years a mem
ber of congress but for the last twenty years or
more Sovereign Grand Commander of the Ancient
and Accepted Scottish Rite Masons of the Southern
Jurisdiction with his official residence in the mag
nificent temple nearing completion in the City of
Not only was he the honored head and the ab
solute ruler of a great and powerful body of care
fully chosen men, selected for high personal worth,
blameless life and profound patriotism, but he was
himself a man of that high character which fitted
him to be the chief of such men, and while the
order of which he was the honored head has sus
tained a great loss, his country which he served
with such distinguished ability and devoted patriot
ism has suffered more.
A DARK DEED
Wlfo (entering room wringing her hands, with
an expression of extreme agony) Now I have done
it. But it serves me right for not turning on the
light. I might have known I would make a mis
take. Husband (who is reading the papers) Great
guns! What have you done. Taken bichloride
Wife Bichloride? No. I put a '.'-cent stamp
on a postcard. Columbia Jester.
Ignorance of the Law
. Excuses no man that's law. Ignorance of the
principles of Agriculture excuses no farmer that's
nature. Nature rewards or punishes according as
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