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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, TUESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 11, 1914 10 PAGES iVOL. XXV. NO. 85 DA Y DISTINGUISHED BY ABSENCE AS FAR AS J n More Than a "Week of Fighting, If There Has Been a Great Battle Story of It Has Not Been Con firmed by Dispatches. LIEGE SITUATION SAID TO BE UNIQUE France Severs Her Rela tions with Austria Re ported Activity in Origi nal Seat of Trouble on Balkan Frontier. ASSOCIATED PRESS MSFATCHl LONDON', Aug. 10 No great battle has yet been fought on land or sea in the war of seven nations, unless the German assaults upon the fortress at Liege eventually assume the propor tions of a battle in history. Both com batants claim a victory there, with the Belgians still holding the forts and the Germans occupying the city. The situation is unique. There is no confirmation of . the Daily Mail's report that the French engaged the Germans and cut off their retreat, in flicting a loss of eight thousand men. The Belgians claim to have taken 8000 prisoners on Belgian soil but military men regard all the estimates of the belligerents as great exaggerations. Apart from Liege, the first week's fighting, when resolved to its proper perspective, will eventually be consid ered insignificant. One of the most important developments, by eye ex perts, is the general testimony that the German infantry formation Is obso lete and ineffective against modern weapons and means enormous slaugh ter if retained. Austria appears to have abandoned the advance on Servia for a time, ap parently to-operating with Germany in the supposed strategy of attempting to crush France before Russia mobilizes. The financial conditions in England are returning to normal. Although there ia a great dislocation in many trades, the prices of food-stuffs has risen only slightly. WAR ON SPIES Slaughter of Suspects Belgium Taken FRUSSELS, Aug. 10. The war min ister has issued a proclamation that every German or Austrian who does not declare himself within twenty-four hours will be considered a spy. One hundred spies were shot today. Since the Flanders provinces were placed un der martial law two days ago, more than 2000 spies have been arrested. Some of the Germans arrested were wearing Belgian uniforms of the civic guards, soldiers and officers, bearing telegrams and letters with forged sig natures of the Belgian minister of war. Many carried arms, bombs, rode in au tomobiles with false numbers. Private signs were found on ifidges, military works and aqueducts indicating that they were marked for destruction. None are admitted to a railway sta tion without a military permit. Forty thousand volunteers have been enrolled, and formed into twenty regi ments. Train service between Paris and Brussels has been resumed. This Sounds Mediaeval PARIS. Aug. 10. It is reported from Rell'ort that in view of the execution of French subjects by Germans, seven prominent residents of the German town of Mnntreux-Vleux are held by the French as hostages. FRANCO-AUSTRIAN BREAK Formal Severance of Relations Be- tween Countries' PARIS, Aug. 10. It is officially an nounced that France has broken off diplomatic relations with Austria-Hungary. The French ambassador at Vi enna left the Austrian capital and the Austro-Hungarian ambassador at Paris asked for his passports. In announcing the severance of re lations with Austria, the French for eign office stated: "Contrary to the as surance given by Austria to the French minister of foreign affairs that no Austrian troops were taking part in the Franco-German war, the govern ment has ascertained beyond a possible doubt that certain Austrian troops are in Germany outside the Austrian fron tier. These troops which released the German troops, destined to be used against the French ought, de jure and de facto be considered acting against France. In these circumstances the French ambassador has been ordered to tea ve Vienna. The Austrian am bassador at Paris being Informed of France's decision asked for his pass ports." The Departing Ambassador PARIS, Aug. 10. The Austrian am bassador, Count Szecsen Von Temerin, has left Paris. English Enlistments LONDON, August 10. Recruits are enlisting for the army at the rate of several thousand a day. Business men are organizing their employes Into a fifth line of defense. LA ma jority of the able bodied men of the country are drilling In their home organizations. Queen Alexandra has consented to R fusion cf her fund for the benefit of soldiers' and sailors' relief with OF ACTIVITYl IS LEARNED that of the Prince of Wales. The funds total $2,500,000. They are man aged by C. Arthur Pearson. Germans are forbidden to engage in the banking business except by permission of the home secretary. The order includes bank directors, of which there are many Germans in the English banks. Sinned Away Day of Grace LONDON, August 10 The Daily Telegraph's correspondent who wit nessed much of the Liege fighting, says that the German plan of sweep ing down the Meuse to Sedan must be abandoned because it has been so long delayed. The French have massed five army corps in the Ger mans' path. Great Battle Impending BRUSSELS, August 10. The pause .in the fighting around Liege since Saturday appears to be a lull before the storm. There is little doubt that an engagement on a scale not yet witnessed in this war is imminent. The Soir announces that the Germans released the bishop and burgomaster of Liege who were held as hostages by General Von Emmich when they ! sked him not to bombard the city proper. Heard Heavy Firing LONDON. August 10. The corre spondent of the Daily Mail telephones a message from Maastricht that there has been heavy firing along the line between Liege and Longres. I had been committed against France The Germans are placing heavy guns i by permitting Austrian troops to en before Liege and Namur. A Rome Germany, thus releasing German dispatch to the Daily Mail says it if reported that the Montenegrins oc cupied Scutari. ASKING FOR MAIL Austria Making Complaint to This Country WASHINGTON, August 10. The Austrian government called the at tention of the United States to the inconvenience, loss and trouble caus ed by the interruption of mail be tween the L'nited States, Germany and Austria, giving warning that mail for Austria Hungary given English liners will be held in Eng- luncf. Mr. Bryan forwarded the Austrian j ambasador's suggestions to Post-"B master General Burleson, who sent this reply: I 'I have taken every measure t see that mail originating in the Uni- led htates for all countries be dis-; patched by the steamship lines which will most expeditiously deliver the mail at its destination. There was no foreign mail originating in this country left on hand at New York yesterday afternoon. It has all been dispatched." THE ORIGINAL FOCUS Progress of Conflict Between Austria and Balkans VIENNA, August 10. Five thous and Montenegrins on Saturday ad vanced against Austrian frontier posts east of the fortified town of Trebinje, in Herzegovina. The Aus trian losses were one office.- and twenty-one men, while the Montene grins lost 200 killed. The Russians have made strenuous efforts to enter Austria but have been repulsed. The Austrian frontier troops car.-ied out successfully sever a' reconnoitering expeditions. The Reichpost says Servian supplies from new Servian territory are being cut off as the surrounding of the Ser vians by the Austrians proceeds. American Represents Germany NISH, August 10. The. American consul has taken over the interests of tho departing German minister. Prince and Son Killed LONDON, Aug. 10. Prince William of Lippe and his son were killed in an assault on Liege, according to a Brus sels dispatch to the Exchange Tele graph company giving the German losses. Proclamation of Regret AMSTERDAM, Aug. 10. Queen Wilhelmina has published a proclama tion regretting the disturbance of commerce and industry and calling upon everybody to assist those in need. She suggests the formation of a gen eral benevolent committee with the minister of commerce as president. Suffragettes Released LONDON, Aug. 10. As a Tesult of the war, King George through Regi nald McKenna, the home secretary, ordered a release of all the militant suffragettes serving terms in prison for breaches of peace, Mr. McKenna announced in the house of commons. Advice By Okuma TOKIO, Aug. 10. Count Okuma, In an address to newspaper men in Japan, urged them to refrain from sensational rumors and Inflamatory articles at such critical times, saying they were calculated to unduly excite the public and injure Japan's relations with friendly countries. "America" he said, "has made no de mand on Japan and remains Japan's great friend." European War in Globe GLOBE. Aug. 10. Twenty-five were injured but none fatally. In a pitched battle between Austrians and Servians. Forty Servians and twenty Austrians took part in the fighting with rocks, clubs and fists. Twenty-one rioters were arrested. Many of the two na tionalities are coming to the city and further trouble is feared. French in Market for Rice NEW ORLEANS, August 10 The French government today asked for Quotations on 25,000 pockets of Lou isiana rice from dealers. A led Cross Nurse LONDON, August 10. Mrs. George Law, of New York, left London . by automobile, bound for Havre. It is her intention to join the French Red Cross. SILENCE HANGS OVER THE WAR Military and naval operations in the European war are still veiled by the strictest censorship. It appears that while the Germans have captur ed Liege, the Belgians are still hold ing the adjacent forts. Conflicting reports of battles and skirmishes and of a movement by the French against the Germans have issued from Brus sels, but there is so far lacking con firmation of any important move ment. Silence is maintained regard ing a German invasion of France through Luxemburg. Preparations for the war are fever- shly proceeding in Great Britain, where citizens of all classss are eagerly enlisting and funds are being raised from private sources to sup plement the government appropria tions for the conduct of the war. There was a formal severance of the relations between France and Austria at the instance of the former which asserted that an act of war troops for operations against France. Wholesale arrests of Austrians and Germans as spies are reported from Brussels and it is said that one hundred were shot yesterday. They were wearing Belgian uniforms and were carrying letters and telegrams bearing the forged signature of the Belgian war minister. The French at Belfort are report ed to be holding German residents as hostages in view of the execution by the Germans of French residents A feature of the day was the relief 1 of Americans whom the early days 'of the war left stranded in European ! capitals. Arrangements have been made by the American government to provide those at capitals with which it is in touch with means of return- home. Transfers-of gold to Lon- don furnish thousands with means to remain abroad longer. o CLOSER RELATIONS WITH SOUTH AMERICA Result o' the War Between European Count -ies the ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH CHICAGO. August 10. Dealers from the eastern and southern coal, fields, who have approximately 350. 000 tor.s of coal ready for shipments to South America as soon as trans portation is available, have recom mended the organization of an offi cial beard of commerce to instruct j business men of $he finance and transportation questions of the South . American trrde according to an- nouncement today by the Black Dia- mond, the organ of the trade. Inquiries have been made, it was renounced, of the Chamber of Com- merce of the United States, of W. C. ! there had been a general lmprnve P.edfield, secretary of the department ' ment in the condition of Americans of commerce, and of John Barrett, director general of the Pan-American Union, and promises were made that tho coal trade would co-operate with other lines to accomplish as much as possible with the small tonnage available. According to the announcement from Barrett, ten nations Argentine, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Peru, Uruguay, Ecuador. Paraguay, Colombia and Venezuela import from European nations now at war, more than 1660,000,000 annualy, and export to the same countries goods to the value cf a million dollars. SIGNS OF A WRECK -ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH' SAN" FRANCISCO, August 10. Ship wreckage was reported on the beach by Captain Brombeck, in charge of the government life saving station. The wreckage consists of several white doors, highly varnished, win- dews and heavy shutters, a quantity of planking, seemingly torn by an explosion. One door bore a brass pl.ite mavked "Ship's Library." : o OKLAHOMA PRIMARIES associated press dispatch OKLAHOMA CITY, Aug. 10. Offi cial returns from seventy out of seventy-seven counties give Robert L. Wil liams a lead of 1800 votes over J. B. A. Robertson in the primary for the demo, cratic gubernatorial nomination. Rob ertson has filed a contest alleging ir regularities. o- PHILADELPHIA'S HEAT associated press dispatch PHILADELPHIA, August 10. Three deaths were reported to the coroner, due to heat and exhaustion. The maximum temperature was 85 degrees, but the humidity was ex- ! cesslve, 1 HERE ARE FOUR QUEENS OF COUNTRIES :y'm ' ' .V' ' ' Queen Mary of England, Empress Victoria of Germany, Queen Elizabeth of Belgium and Czarina Alice of Russia The two countries that began the present European carnage are without queens. Empress Elizabeth of Austria was killed by anarchists in Geneva in 1898. Princess Zorka of Servia, who was the wife of Prince Peter, died in 1890, thirteen years before he became king. PANIC PASSING OF AMERICANS CAUGHT ABROAD I i Now That Means of Return ing Home from Europe Are Afforded. Most of Them Prefer to Remain Abroad for a While. associated tress dispatch WASHINGTON, Aug. 10. Ameri cans In Europe have stopped clamor ing to return home, according to Ambassador l'age at London, to the Estate department. The -ambassador cabled that while the steamers, sailing on Saturday for the l'nited States carried five thous and Americans, sine the treasure cruisers started across the Atlantic and the banks began advancing mon ey, many of those who lieseiged the mbassy for transportation now ex- iress a willingness to remain in urope. Secretary Garrison estimated that the number of Americans in Europe, wishing to return home had dropped to thirty thousand. He doubts whether it will be necessary to send more vessels as the commercial liners will be able to cure for all. One or two ships may be sent to ceitain ports where Americans are congre gated beyond the reach of neutral commercial vessels. Encouraging reports come tonight from Italy. Mediterranean steameis are said to be preparing to resume traffic and Americans who desire transportation are assured of accom- modations witnin the next lew clays. One vessel is scheduled to sail from Barcelona on Wednesday or Thuis- day, and another is expected to leave .Genoa about August 25. Advices from Germany said that in that country. Secretary Bryan announced that the department had been notified that the large permanent American colony in Berlin could care for those entirely without support. Representa tions have been made to the German foreign office, with regard to special cases where Americans have been de tained on suspicion. Another source of anxiety has been relieved by the deposit of gold in New York to cover letters of credit held by marooned toujists in Switzerland. . , Among contributions today to the American Red Cross in response to its appeal for funds to be used in European relief work were checks for $2000 each, from Mrs. Redfield Proc tor, widow of the late Senator Proc- tor of Vermont and her daughter, nf . a Miss Emily D. Proctor. A . group of prominent army women, including Mrs. V. W. Wotherspoon, wife of the chief of staff of. the army, assembled in the Red Cross . headquarters and worked on uniforms to be worn by 'the society's nurses who will go to Europe. ' , Our Relieved Citizens - LONDON, Aug. 10. The action of American bankers In shipping gold to England has brought down the ex change rate On American paper to nearly .normal. The stress of Americans stranded in London has. been so far relieved that the American committee is now directing its energies and the re sources it has in hand to rescuing stranded compatiiots on the con tinent. The committee is now making ar rangements with the Continental railways to provide distressed Ameri cans with transportation ' to coast ports. Theodore Hetzler, a ' New York banker, is preparing to go to the (Continued on Page Three) Make Demand On Congress For Shipping associated press dispatch NEW YORK, August 10. The na tional Foreign Trades Council held a special meeting to take measures to relieve the congestion of foreign commerce, caused by the war. Reso lutions were adopted urging the prompt passage by congress of the j pending bill providing for immediate means to increase the American merchant marine and recommended that the government provide war risk insurance on hulls and cargoes at reasonable rates. James A. Farrell, president of the United States Steel corporation, who is chairman of the council, opened the meeting with a statement of the seriousness of conditions. He plead ed for action rather than discussion. He said the first necessity was to start moving exports. In order that action representing all sections of the country may be taken, a com mittee of five was appointed to meet daily for immediate action as re quired by emergencies and to keep in touch with all interests in the United States. It was agreed that the council, which consists of thirty five national representatives of manufacturers, bankers, merchants, railroad and steamship men, collectively standing for the general interests of all ele ments engaged in or affected by for- eign trades, should work for nation- al unity of action in setting the American export and import trade five from the paralysis of transpor tation. The council decided to maintain daily touch with all its members in all parts of the United States and with the numerous commercial and industrial organizations which tele graphed it for information regarding shipping. ' Its object is to co-operate with every effective agency for the extension of American commerce. Although the meeting was called on short notice, members came from every part of the United States. James J. Hill promptly left St. Paul to attend the session, while Captain Robert Dollar, a San Francisco ex porter, telegraphed to Farrell that he was leaving San Francisco to join the committee of the council which will attend the conference of shipping and banking interests called by Sec letary McAdoo to meet in Washing ton on Friday. Senate Will Be Prompt WASHINGTON. August 10 The peace treaties bill to admit foreign built ships to American registry will j be before the senate when it resumes tomorrow after an adjournment since Saturday. Senator O'Gorman. chair man of the inter-ocean canals com mittee, will seek to get a vote on the shipping bill amendment to the Pa nama Canal act as soon as the sen ate convenes in order that it may go to conference and be ready for the president's signature when he re turns from Georgia. As soon as the shipping bill is passed, Senator Stone, chairman of the foreign relations committee, plans to move an executive session for a discussion of the twenty new peace treaties with foreign nations which the president requested ratified be fore adjournment. o ROOSEVELT LIBEL SUIT The, Colonel Will Ask for Change of Venue associated press dispatch! OYSTER BAY, Aug. 10. Theodore Roosevelt announced through his at torneys in the $50,000 libel suit brought by William Barnes Jr., the republican state chairman, that he will ask for a change of venue, not believing an im partial trial is possible in Albany coun ty where Barnes resides. Roosevelt reiterated his desire that the case be heard immediately and he said he had instructed his attorneys not to file a demurrer. Probably the case will be heard in October. IN FRENZY OF WAR ON TOE AS ON SEA L IS SILENCE Rumors of Lurking Cruisers Keep Vessels in Port Possible Capture of Kron prinz "Wilhelm, Laden with Coal for Germanv. associated press DISPATCH NEW YORK, Aug. 10. While in coming liners brought confirmation that foreign warships were cruising off the American Atlantic coast, the strict censorship of cables out of Bermuda has kept hidden from the public the fate of the North German Lloyd liner Kronprinz Wilhelm which took six thousand tons of coal out of this port under cover of darkness before the battleship Florida began the enforce ment of neutrality laws. The British cruiser Essex captured a German liner, taking her as a prize of war, into Hamilton, Bermuda, ac cording to a wireless message over heard at sea. The Associated Press correspondent j at Bermuda indicated in a cryptic dis patch that he had information he was not allowed to cable, in response to one informing him of the reported capture of the Kronprinz Milhelm. The port authorities put into effect more rigid enforcements of the neu- j trality laws today, almost simultan eously with the arrival of the Atlantic transport liner Minnetonka with a story that a "warship, her nationality not learned, had pursued her during the closing hours of her voyage in Ameri can waters. An embargo was placed on the wireless apparatus of every foreign ship in New York harbor. This step was taken after the authorities began to suspect that foreign cruisers at sea might be communicating with ships of their nationality in port. The chase of the Minnetonka ended early today only after the ship steamed into the three-mile neutrality zone in the vicinity of Nantucket. Three days out from Liverpool the Minnetonka, flying a British flag, was informed by wireless by the White Star liner. Oce anic on her way to England, that a state of war existed. Last night the Minnetonka refused to disclose by wireless her identity to a warship which asked it. With her port holes blanketed and the electric wires to every stateroom cut, the Min netonka sped through the fog, and a few hours later lost sight of her pur suer's searchlights. . Thousands of German and Austrian reservists have remained here, unable to find means of transportation home ward. The Holland-American line steamship Rotterdam, said to be car rying a large number of Dutch reserv ists, sailed today for Amsterdam. Lam port and Holt line announced a re sumption of the sailings of its ships to (Continued on Page Three) 1914 Tax Rate Fixed At 44Y2 By State Equalizing Board The state tax levy for 1914 has beeen fixod at 44.5 cents on each $100 valuation, or a decrease of five cents as compared with last yeai's assess ment. The new rate was given out last night at the close of an all-day' session ot the state board of equali zation that lasted until midnight. The tax rate this year is based on a taxable valuation of $407,267,393.11, and will provide a revenue of approx imately $1,812,000. Added to this will be $205,000, from other sources, which will bring-the total revenue over the m JOURNEY DF PRESIDENT TO HUD Funeral Train Bearing the Body of Mrs. Wilson to Its Burial Beside Those of Her Parents at Rome, Ga. Accompanied by; Family; SYMPATHETIC SKIES DURING SERVICES Last Gift of the President's Wife to Sick and Suffer ingWealth of Floral Of ferings at Funeral Manv Tokens of Love. ASSOeiATCD PRESS DISPATCH 1 WASHINGTON, Aug. 10. President Wilson is making the saddest journey of his life tonight. In a special train, bearing the body of Mrs. 'Wilson to Its final resting place beside the graves of her father and mother, he is on his way to Rome, Ga., surrounded by his daughters and a few members of his own and his wife's family. The last, simple ceremony of tho funeral will take place tomorrow after noon in the quiet wooded cemetery of the Georgia town. Then the president will turn again to the heavy burdens of his office and the loneliness of the White House. While the flags drooped at half mast throughout the capital, thousands gath ered in the wide avenue before the closed gates of the White House grounds during the first service held over the body of Mrs. Wilson in the East room. In accordance with Mrs. Wilson's wish the service was of the simplest character. There was no mu sic; only the reading of a few verses from the Bible and a prayer by Rev. Sylvester Beach of the church the Wil son's attended at Princeton. The ben ediction was pronounced by Rev. J. H. Taylor at whose church the president has worshipped since coming to Wash ington. Less than two hundred persons were present. These consisted, besides the family, of a few intimate friends, mem bers of the cabinet, their Wives, com mittees from the senate and house, headed by the vice president and speaker and employes of the White House. ' The casket was born from tte White House by six members of the city po lice force who for many years guarded the home of the presidents. There were no honorary pallbearers. Few saw the funeral party pass to the TTnlon station, where the train awaited. The drive was made over the less frequent ed streets and only three closed auto mobiles bearing the president, a dozen men, relatives and close friends of the family, followed the hearse. At the station a crowd gathered that taxed the great structure to its limit. Outside thousands more braved a drenching rain to stand in silent sym pathy. Passing through a lane, walled with humanity, the casket was carried to the train. On it rested a single wreath, the last gift of the president and his daughters. Scarcely a capital of the world or city or the United States but was rep resented among the flowers, only a small part of which could be sent with the train. The remainder will go to the hospitals of the city, Mrs. Wilson's last gift to the sick. and suffering. Close behind the casket walked the president with a secret service agent beside him. Then followed his com panions walking three abreast. At the train they halted as the casket was carried into the car and stood In sil ence until the president's three daugh ters and his sons-in-law arrived. Th members of the family then entered the private car in which the casket had been placed. Tonight as the train sped southward they shared the sad vigil. The other members of the party rode In special cars and a baggage car carried parts of the hundreds of floral pieces. Among the flowers at the White House were many elaborate designs. Washington florists were called upon as never be fore. SUFFOCATING IN NEW YORK associated press dispatch NEW YORK, Aug. 10 Heat caused three deaths and a dozen prostrations. The temperature was 85 but the hu midity great. two million mark. The auditor's bud get calls for $1,967,119.50. The state levy last year was 49.5 cents on each $100, applied on a val uation amounting to $375,862,414.66. This year that figure has been in creased by $31,404,978.45, and the tax rate reduced over ten per cent. The state board of equalization lust night, announced the total increase in valuation over the county assessors' figures at $4,685,305.32, and the total decrease as $1,778,512.71, making a net increase in the assessed valuation of $2,906,795.61. . . , .