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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 12, 1914 10 PAGES .VOL. XXV. NO. 8(5 STAGE SET FOB GREAT BATTLE FRENCH AND GERMS AT GRIPS BELGIAN KING LEADS TROOPS TO BATTLE TO E 0 UK OF WHITE HOUS REPORT THIS MORNING FROM PARIS THAT AFTER THE MANEUVERING OF A WEEK THE ARMIES OF THE TWO NATIONS ARK IN COX TACT ALONG THE ENTIRE FRONT INDICA TIONS THAT THE GERMANS ARE SLOWLY ABANDONING NEIGHBORHOOD OF LIEGE FOR NORTH AND SOUTH NAVAL OPERATIONS ON WIDELY SEPARATED SEAS (Associated Press Dispatch) PARIS, Wednesday, Aug. 12. French troops along the entire front are in contact with the Germans. FIRST GERMAN COMMENT Berlin Newspaper Believes General Beginning Has Been Madu HER LIN' (via Copenhagen, to Lon don), Aug. 1. The Lokal Anzeiger, in an article dealing with one Ger man victory at Muelhausen, Alsace, nays: "The silence of the western frontier following the brief but swift entry of small foves of French into Alt Kirch has been broken by the brilliant news of our first battle at Muelhau sen, the Weissenburg of 1914. But this fight was more important than was that of Weissenburg in 1870 (when the Germans won their first important battle of the Franco-Prussian war), considering the number of ( ombatants engaged. "We understood the French had three divisions of about 5,".000 men. Two divisions belonged to the sev enth army corps and also contained a portion of the Besancon corps, whose members are among the elite of the French army. We do not know the extent of the artillery and cavalry engaged, but we believe that the French in Muelhausen have now a new idea of the value of Krupp guns. "Naturally the French would have fo.tified the positions at Muelhausen with earthworks, but with an army like the German army, which takes fortresses ny assault, would find themselves little troubled by such ob stacles." EARLIER FIGHTING Paris Hears of French Successes on Meuse PARIS, Aug. 11. It is officially announced that the French troops around Spincourt. in the department of the Meuse, forced the German cavalry to retreat, although the lat ter were supported by artillery. The Germans have completed the fortifi cations south of Metz to Luxemburg. At Mangiennes, northeast of Ver dun the Germans attacked the T. 1. ..nninn- TtlO TTrOnfll ! riemil .uiiimttj remits- wi were reinforced by reserves and took the offensive and vepulsed the Ger mans with considerable loss. The German battery was destroyed by French artillery fire and another was enptured with three gatlings and am munition. A regiment of German cavalry suffered seriously. Near Moncet, a German battalion with ar tillery was repulsed. The German losses are reported to be heavy. The village of Lagarde, in German terri tory, was taken by the French at the point of the bayonet. German forces appeared at Lnngwy and demanded a surrender of the town, which was refused. NORTHERN OPERATIONS Turning Movement Indicated by Ger man Maneuvers. BRUSSELS. Aug. 11. Hostilities began on Monday between the Ger man cavalry and Belgian cavalry outposts in the Hesbaye district. This district is to the west of Liege, north of the Meuse, and forms part of the provinces of Liege, Limburg and Tsa mur. The Germans have begun a systematic veconnoltering of Hesbaye in order to discover the positions of the Belgian field army. Their cav alry patrols are followed by infantry detachments. On Sunday the Ger man cavalry passed the outskirts of Lixhe, following a route to the south. Thev were evidently proceeding toward Hesbaye. Two hundred Ger man cavalry with quick firing guns have already reached Hainault, sev enteen miles northeast of Liege. En gagements have taken place, princi pally between Tiriemont and St. Trond. half way between Ezemael and Gussenhaven. There have been other engagements near Tongres. The German cavalry is reported as every where repulsed with loss. These en gagements are regarded as a prelude to the German offensive movement to the north of Liege. It is thought it may foreshadow a big battle in two or three days. Six thousand German troops are rt ported to have seized the station of Landon, west of Liege, and to have stopped a Brussels train. They permitted the passengers to go, but destroyed the station, , removed the rails and drove out the railway em ployes. The passengers Were com pelled to return on foot to Tirie mont. According to the Landon fu- gitives, the Germans burned many villages, giving the residents half an bour for flight. Ten thousand German cavalry, with satling guns, are operating between Tongres and St. T.-ond. This seems to indicate a change of German tac tics and a turning movement to the north. 4 SMALL BATTLE TIRLEMONT, Aug. 12 (Wednes day). Fighting occurred near here between German and Belgian cavalry. Seven Belgians were killed and a few wounded. It is reported that tour thousand Germans are in the neighborhood, but the Belgians seem to control the situation. Situation at Liege LONDON. Aug. 11. The correspon dent of the Standard at Brussels says: "AH the twelve forts surrounding Liege remain intact. Each of the forts thus far has been able to resist the frequent attacks of the German invest ing force, although outnumbered ten to one at every fort. "The forts are being shelled day and night. The artillery action is followed repeatedly by daring infantry attacks." Cremation of the Dead LONDON, Aug. 11. A Standard dis patch from Maastricht describes a wholesale cremation of German dead at Liege as reported by fugitives. It is said that during three successive nights the dead were piled in heaps of thirty for funeral services and a military sa lute and then burned. The officers told the men it was necessary for sani tation. The bodies of some were thrown into the river Meuse to float seaward. Story of German Retreat BRUSSELS, Aug. 11. It is officially announced: "The Germans have evac uated Longdon, a fort of Liege. It is re-occupied by Belgians. The Germans retreated at other points." Operations at Muelhausen PARIS, via London, Aug. 11. Ac cording to late advices, the Germans made a determined attempt to take the positions occupied by the French out side of Muelhausen, but failed. The Germans did not re-enter the town. Winged an Aeroplane BRUSSELS, Aug. 11. The newspa pers announce that a German aeroplane flying over Namur was brought down by the fort's fire and that two officers in the machine, unir were taken prisoner. n the machine, uninjured by the fall, I . i Russian Victory LONDON, Aug. 11. A Paris dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph company, says it is reliably reported that the Russians have gained an important victory over the Austrians, taking many prisoners and war materials. Gathering Merchantmen LONDON, Aug. 12. (Wednesday ) A St. Petersburg dispatch to the Post says that the Russian fleet is actively scouring the Baltic Sea. Twenty cap tured merchant vessels have been tak en to Cronstadt and their crews re moved to the interior as prisoners of war. Russian Mobilization COPENHAGEN, Aug. 11. Russian mobilization will be completed about August 21. From the Information Bureau LONDON, Aug. . 11. The admiralty and war office information bureau announced: "There are good rea sons to believe that the German cruisers Bresleau and Goeben have taken refuge in the Dardanelles. They will be dealt with according to in ternational custom. "There is reason to believe that the mass of German troops on the western German frontier is distribut ed between Thionville, a fortified town north of Metz, and Liege, and that Tourraine is held comparatively lightly.. There is every indication that the Austrians have entered Al sace. It is not believed that the Liege forts have been taken. The mobilization of the territorial forces is near completion. Kitchener's army, for which five thousand re cruits have been enrolled in the past twelve hours, consists of six divi sions, Scottish, Irish, northern, east ern, western and the light brigades "International custom applied to the Breslau and Goeben will require them to coal and leave in twenty four hours." Loyal Provincials OTTAWA, Aug. 11. Col. Samuel Hughes, minister f militia, said to night that he had received- enough offers from American citizens in va rious parts of the United States to (Continued on Page Three) Day's Summary Of What's Known Of Europe's War Such news as has come from Bel gium and the borders of France and Luxemburg indicate what may be an extensive German movement not less than forty miles in width. The Ger mans have taken possession of Ton gres ten miles north of Liege and it j is reported that they have also occupied ' Longwy on French territory near the Luxemburg border, forty miles south- I west of Liege. Though the fighting at . Liege continues with the Belgians oc cupying at least some of the forts in the vicinity the situation there appears to be unchanged. The French and German troops are facing each other north of Verdun There have been numerous clashes of i a minor nature, probably preliminary to an extensive engagement in the near future. The respective positions of the Germans and Belgians before Liege are apparently unchanged. Th German forces are making care ful reconnaissances in the district of Hesbaye, which is believed to mean that Germany will take the offensive north of Liege. According to French reports, the Germans have been unsuccessful in their attempt to drive the French from their position outside of Mulhausen. that about 2 o'clock in the morning The British war office information ! the Rainbow laid to outside the har bureau says that there is reason to be- i b"r' i"st !lfter Passing out. She lieve that the German cruisers uo.b.n ' and Breslau. for which the British and French warshios were waitina. hau. taken refuge in the Dardanelles. Clashes between the Austrians and Ruian so far hav. h nf ;r :m. portance. A Shanghai dispatch says that 4,500 Japanese have been embarked on transports there awaiting orders. Copenhagen dispatches announce that Russian mobilization will be com plete on August 21. Germany has raised through the ' United States the question of the right of Great Britain under the Hague con- vention to interfere with the communi- ; cation by cable or telegraph of a bellig-j erant with a neutral country. Th rn- resentation of Germany has been for warded to Great Britain. The ques tion of the censorship by the govern ment over German owned wireless sta tions has also been raised. The planting of mines by Germany in the North Sea where a British crui ser was destroyed and where a liner narrowly escaped destruction has been folloved by the planting of mines near'. I, louurms u,e v,ew m"u .,. u ;"n9"mlnMnJr by naval officers that the wreckage dlZ J n l ' ?2 mc' I thought to be that of a British war- aenng navigation of the North Sea ex- t u v. tremely hazardous. ship east ashore on the Cal.fornia T. , ., I coast was not from the Rainbow. It The wreckage thrown upon the coast mily bP from thp British gunboat Jncsco ,s believed to be Shearwater or the gunboat Algerine. that of a Bntish warsh.p, possibly the which had been on the west coast of r : . . . . . 7 may nave encountered a German rrtncM, r- , , ported the day before off the entrance to the Golden Gate. WAR NOT TO INTERFERE WITH FRANCE'S PLANS France Will Take Part in San Fran c'sco Exposition (ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHj SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 11. "The official participation of France re mains assured," cabled Chairman French of the national exposition commission to officials of the Panama-Pacific exposition. This is the first news regarding foreign participation received at the exposition since Europe became em broiled in war and caused much glee ! among the management. A reply was cabled stating that the postponement of the exposition had not even been considered. o THERE WAS NO DEAL Denial by Candidate Hinman of Rumor 'ASSOCIATED PRBSS DISPA.TCH1 PIjATTSRURQ, X. Y., Aug. 11. An emphatic denial that there had been any "trade, dicker or deal" between himself and Roosevelt, or that he would use his public office to further Roose velt's nomination for president in 1916, was made by Harvey D. Hinman of Binghamton, candidate for the repub lican nomination for governor, in an address before the republican county convention. NOT A CASUALTY OF THE WAR f ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl BRUSSELS, Aug. 11 It is report ed that 14 women and girls were killed and more than fifty injured in a panic during mass at St. Antiones' church at Louviore, a suburb of Charleroi. The panic was caused by fire. PURELY FORMAL AFFAIR I ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl WACO, Texas, Aug. 11. John Philip of Dallas was nominated for governor by the republican state convention. Grim Evidence Of An Encounter On The Pacific SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 11. Flot sam cast up on the south shore of the Golden Gate and the presence of a German cruiser standing on and off outside the heads proved either that a British warship had cleared hastily for action or had been torn by an explosion. It has been defi- nitely established that the British cruiser Rainbow had cleared for action when she left here on Satur day. The wreckage indicated that it had ccme fvom" a British warship, the brass doorplates being the basis of identification. The badly torn condi tion of the wood work and the ab- senoe of hammer or cmsci marhs Feemeil tne result oi an explosion, oui the proximity of the Rainbow and the fait that she had cleared for action has caused it to be believed that she met a German cruiser. The German cruiser standing off here was identified as the Leipzig by the American bark R. P. Raithe. Word from the Canadian naval station at Esquimault said that the Rainbow is known to have cleared for action. Captain Gronbech of the life saving station near which the fragments were found remembered might have been stripping her hull of inflammable woodwork then. If there "'as an explosion it could not have been on boavd tne Rinbow"- fr she i "as ,ast ni&ht fff Cape Men- iocino. 195 miles north of here. Those who clung to the explosion theory argued that the sloop of war Shear water might have been in trouble. The only other British vessel on the Pacific coast is the sloop of war Al gerine. last reported at Mazatlan. The Shearwater left San Diego Au i gust 3. Captain R. P. Rither also re- ported he hud passed a mass of Wreckage floating se .ral miles off Pmt Bonita, which it is believed was from the same vessel as that cast up nn ,nR beach south of the Golden Gate- last night and today. Officials at Point Bonita life saving station reported no wreckage had been washed ashore along the northern beaches within several miles. IT WAS NOT THE RAINBOW OTTAWA. Aug. 11. The Canadian cruiser Rainbow was sighted today off Vancouver island, it was stated Mexico. . ,. wuiiwa is miormea mat anouier German cruiser has .-.nnenrcd in thn Pacific. PRICES OF FOOD Congress Will Inquire Causes Into the ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH CHICAGO, Aug. 11. War prices on food have continued to siread over the entire central west. One of the causes given for the advance is that farmers and stockmen are holding their products in the hope that the European demand will send prices skyward. An investigation of prices will be begun by a committee of the city council meeting with dealers, economists, state officials and the heads of organizations. House Inquisitive WASHIXGTO-W Aug. 11 War prices for food in the United States has called forth investigation reso lutions in the house, inquiring the reasons for the increased prices in the United States when American bumper crops are deprived of their foreign markets. o " CANANEA WILL CLOSE Tassociated press dispatch DOUGLAS,- Aug. 11. James S. Douglas, general manager of the Cananea Consolidated Mining com pany announced that the company will close all its workings at Can anea on or before Sunday on ac count of the unsettled condition of the copper markjet. The decision af fects 1900 workers. NO YACHT RACES THIS YEAR associated press dispatch! NEW YORK, Aug. 11. In view of the grave conditions in Europe, the New York Yacht club will not con sider it proper to hold the America's cup races in October and so inform ed the Itoyal Ulster Yacht club through which Sir Thomas Lipton sent his challenge. . fcff;5r ilia i if If 'Sr I i . ' " ', ' f 1 King Albert of Belgium. King Albert of Belgium is one of the figures that shine forth in the military glare of Europe. He is leading his armies in person and has sacri ficed his palace so that it may be used as a hospital. GERMANS FEEL AWKWARDNESS OF ISOLATION Protest to the United States Against Condm-t of Great Britain in Gutting Their ( 'oinnnniication With the United States (ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl WASHINGTON, Aug. 11. S-oretary Bryan transmitted to Great Britain the formal representations made by Ger many on the subject of cable and wire less communication to and from a neut ral country, such as the United States, to the belligerent countries. Germany sought permission to send code mes sages through London to the United States. As the American government acts as channel of communication in diplomatic dealings of one belligerent with any other, the message was transmitted to the British foreign office without com ment by Mr. Bryan. Should Great Britain continue to prevent Germany from sending cable messages through London to the United States, it is be lieved Germany will make vigorous ef forts to have the I'nited States remove its censorship on the German-owned wireless stations That the state department is con sidering the relations between wire less, and cable communications as af fected by the neutral position of the United States in the present war, is admitted by Mr. Bryan. The Hague convention expressly states that it is not obligatory upon a neutral power to exercise censorship over either wire less or cable communications. The official report to the state de partment from Hamburg today cleared up the last apprehension for the safety of Americans- in the German empire. with the exception of those special cases which have been taken up by Ambassador Gerard. The little colony in Hamburg, ac cording to consular dispatches, is not only in comfortable circumstances, but is cheerful and disposed to regard the situation as. free from any danger whatever. Personal telegrams from Mrs. Benjamin Harrison, widow of the former president, stated that she is safe in Sgravenhage, Holland. Sen ator Oliver of Pennsylvania, cabled he is well in London and would return at the first opportunity. The case of Archer M. Huntington and his wife, who were reported ar rested as spies in Nuremberg, is still in the hands of the German foreign office which has made no answer yet to a state department inquiry through Am bassador Gerard. Mayor Mitchel, New York joined with Secretary Garrison in the practi cal assistance .of Americans abroad. The mayor sent to Washington, William Hamilton Jr., a special rep resentative of the mayor's committee for the relief of New Yorkers in Europe who opened headquarters in Washing- i toa DEADLY MINES MENACE SHIPS IN NORTH SEA Planted Promiscuously by the Germans, Followed by the English, .Make It a Stretch of Water to Be Avoided ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl WASHINGTON, Aug. 11. The win ning of the North Sea as a part of the plan of the European war will not only close most of the northern European ports to navigation, but the gold-laden Tennessee and North Carolina will be confronted by new dangers. The government was informed today by the British embassy that inasmuch as Germany had been "scattering mines indiscriminately" Great Britain could no longer refrain from planting mines near her own ports. Secretary Bryan said that passenger steamers should take no chances, and he suggested that Americans in Europe leave by the southern ports. The Hague convention stipulates that bel ligerents shall endeavor to render these mines harmless within a limited time but it is believed that in the present war no attention will be paid to that provision. The itinerary for the cruisers Ten nessee and North Carolina bearinir millions of gold for the relief of Amer- leans has never been announced but as both Great Tritain and Germany have eiven wnrr.! i .w' North Sea, it is being taken for grant ed here that neither of the American warships will venture into those wat ers. After touching Falmouth, Eng land, the treasure ships will probably land at some port in France and then head for the Mediterranean, endeav oring, it is thought to reach Americans in both Germany and Austria from points in the Adriatic. one diplomatist pointed out that the ports of four neutral nations, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and the Netherlands a.s well as one belligerent Belgium, are practically blockaded through the pro miscuous planting of mines in the North Sea. In only one or two places in Europe, notably Genoa, Italy, and Sweden does the financial embarrassment of Ameri cans continue, according to reports re ceived by Secretary Garrison. The sit uation is improved so much that it may be unnecessary to deposit the gold in Europe for the relief of Americans. Nearly all the European govern ments are believed to be desirous of establishing heavy credits with Ameri ca to draw upon in payment of vast quantities of food and .supplies of other Kinds which they must have during the continuance of hostilities and for a long time afterwards. Mr. Garrison thinks, therefore, that as soon as the first panicky feeling is over and financial conditions have been readjusted, the mere announcement that the United States or any individual has deposited specie in an American bank subject to draft from European countries, will be sufficient to establish credit for Amer- President Wilson Wittt Bur den of Grief Deposited His Loved "Wife's Body, Within Sight of Her Girl hood Home TORRENT OF RAIN ADDED TO GLOOM Thousands Gathered at Borne, Ga., to Manifest Sympathy With Head of Nation in His Greatest Trial ROME, Ga., Aug. 11. Mrs. Wood row Wilson, wife of the nation's president, was buried here at Myrtle Hill cemetery today. The rain fell in torrents while the casket was be ing lowered into the grave, which is beside those of Mrs. Wilson's fath er and, mother, and almost within sight of the house in which she lived. as a girl. Tonight the president is speeding eastward on his return to . Washing ton. Although thousands of visitois came to Rome today to do honor to the memory of Mrs. Wilson, a sabbath-like quiet prevailed. The special force of police, aug mented by members of the Georgia national guard, found little to do be yond warning traffic from streets through which the procession moved. It was exactly two-thirty o'clock when the presidential tiain arrived, a few minutes later the casket, cov ered with grey broadcloth, and bear ing a single wreath of flowers, was lifted- from the funeral car by eigtit of Mrs. Wilson's cousins and borne to the hearse. As the train steamed into the sta tion, church bells throughout the city tolled. A wide space had been clear ed about the station, and the thous ands of people assembled there stood back respectfully. The president, followed by Secretary and Mrs. Mo Moo; Mr. and Mrs. Sayre, Miss Wil son, Professor Axson and other near relatives and members of the party quickly left the train and entered their carriages. The procession then moved through the black draped streets to the First Presbyterian church. More than eight hundred relatives and friends of the Wilson and Axson families were already gathered in the little church which Mrs. Wilson used to attend when her father. Rev. Edward S. Axson, was pastor there. The church was draped in black, with intertwined wreaths of white flowers. On the wall is a white marble tablet to the memory of Mrs. Wilson's father. Flowers were piled high about the catafalque. As the president entered, following the casket, Chopin's funeral march was played on the organ. A simple. 1 short service was conducted by Rev. G. G. Snyder, the local pastor. The. president, his daughters. Secretary j McAdoo and Mr. Sayre occupied a ' front pew in the center and back of . them were other members of the family. Dr. Grayson and Secretary Tumulty. Two old hymns, girlhood favorites of Mrs. Wilson, were sung " the church choir. Rev. Dr. Synder then read briefly from the scriptures and spoke of the beauty and charity of Mrs. Wilson's life. As soon as the church service was ended the short journey to Myrtl Hill cemetery began. School girls, dressed' in white, holding laurel branches, lined the streets . through' which the procession passed. Be- I lllnd tnem thousands or people, wun Da a neaas- ,K,weu BUlUL ,luu ou rowfu1' The Crtege WM C'T ' the cemetery when the rain began to fall. The downpour soon became torrential. A tent erected over the grave gave a partial shelter to the family group, but the thousands of persons who came to witness burial were without protection. The services at the grave were brief, but of impressive simplicity. The president stood with his heait bowed, as the final rites were per formed. As he stood there with his daughters, Mr. Wilson made no ef fort to conceal his grief. As the hushed voice of the. preacher read the ' burial service, the president's form was visibly shaken by emotion and tears streamed down his cheeks. Others of the party wept . silently and softly. o -, . 4 DOMINICAN COMMISSION Starts with Gunboats and. President' Peace Plan ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Aug. 11. A full regiment of American marines and the gunboats Castine and Marietta will be on hand to lend weight to the president's peace plan, which a spe cial commission is now en route to Santo Domingo city to lay before the Dominican republic's warring factions in the next few days. icans in Europe. Everywhere on 'thn continent scattered Americans tourists and business people who desire to leave, are gathered at seaports, arrang jing for transportation homeward.