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THE ARIZONA. REPUBLICAN,
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 13, 1914 10 PAGES ,YOL. XXV. NO. 87, WILDEST CONFUSION IN THEATER OF WAR ONL Y DEVELOPMENT Indications That Skirmishes and Various Movements of German Troops Arc Preparatory to Early De cisive Engagement KAISER'S SOLDIERS IN HEART OF BELGIUM Dimly Discerned Battle Line Extending from T h a t Point to the Threatened French Towns Near the Luxemburg Border ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH 1 BRUSSELS. Aug. 12. The German army has moved north of Liege, ad vancing into the heait of Belgium. It is difficult to determine their ob ject. There is a screen of an ex traordinarily strong cavalry force along the entire front of the allied armies. A new army corps is invest ing Liege and the French cavalry have engaged in sharp fighting. Hoth armies are feeling their way. Where the Germans Are LONDON, Aug. 12. The British war office official press bureau says: "Of the twenty-six German army corps, the hulk have been located. It is evident that the mass of German tioops is concentrated between Liege and Luxemburg. The number of German troops known to he on the western side of Germany proves that the Russo-German frontier is lightly guarded unless by reservists. CORRESPONDENT IN THE FIELD He was Allowed to see the Belgian Battle-line BRUSSELS, Aug. 12. On the report that operations on an extensive scale were iminent, a correspondent by per mission of the war control, made a cir cuit along twenty miles of the Belgian front, visiting the extreme advance, talking with officers and men. The Belgians are on the alert as important bodies of German cavalry are making their way through the country above Liege, proceeding in the direction of Tongres and St. Trond. The correspondent's impression is that no heavy fighting is likely in Bel gium Limburg, where the Germans have little or no infantry. By the op position offered by Belgian troops at Liege, the Germans lost precious time which was profitably employed by the French and British in massing troops at Vernberg. All day forces have been disposed so as to be supported by" a fortified mass at many chief points, but little or noth ing has been done around Brussels. It is thought that this city is used as a bait to attract Germans. The Belgian people are anxious regarding Brussels, as the German cavalry are carrying their raids nearer the capital but such considerations are unlikely to have any effect on the general staff. " ! Liege Still Holds Out PARIS, Aug. 12. It is stated that the Liege forts are still holding- nut and that the troops "which defended the city ikv' has assured the British govern are reforming to the west, resuming the went that the cruisers Goeben and offensive. It is said that the Belgians iBreslau, which are now in the Darda have blown up bridges and destroyed I nelles, will be disarmed, but that railroads to the rear of the Germans thpre nre reasons to believe that Tur cutting off their supplies. ke-v has Purchased them and intends jputting them into commission. German Dragoon. Repulsed This- in tne Pinion of the My BRUSSELS, Aug. 12.-A regiment of lMaiI ,would be a erave breach ' dragoons coming in the direction of Liege, attempted to surprise the Bel gians at Aineffe in the province of Liege, but were repulsed leaving 153 dead and 102 prisoners. The Uhlan9 have taken upwards of $400,000 from a bank at Sasselt, capital of the province of Limburg. Anither German Rout LONDON, Aug. 12. The Belgians routed the Germans in a fierce en counter between the Belgian left wing and massed German infantry, cavalry, and artillery according to the Exchange Telegraph company's Brussels corre spondent. . Only Outpost Skirmishes PARIS, Aug. 12. The French min ister of war explains that the engage ments on the Franco-German frontier are no more than outpost skirmishes. The minister said France is placing In upper Alsace a considerable number of troops. "The best denial that can be given to the report that the French lost 20, ooo men at Altkirch" says the ministry "is that the total effective French troops did not reach that number." ft further is explained that the advance of French infantry on Muelhausen was to' cut the center of German communi cation and It is added that this was successfully carried out. Wounded Murdered PARIS, Aug. 12. An official state ment says: "A wounded French cav alryman at Mezieres declares that he saw a German cavalryman shoot a wounded Frenchman. Says he heard five or six other shots and saved him self by feigning death. The Germans were wenring uniforms taken from Belgians killed in battle." German Prisoners Enroute PARIS, Aug. 12. Several hundred German prisoners passed through Champlny station on the way to Pole tiers where they will be interned. The soldiers seemed quite unconcerned as to their fate. The German officers, how ever, were sulky. The untiring ac tivity of Gen. Joseph JeffreL commander-in-chief of the French army has won the admiration of his troops. Since the first day of mobilization he has traveled thousands of miles in a motor car and appears to be everywhere at once. His chauffeur is the famous racing driver, George Boillot, thrice winner of the Grand Trix. Germans Capture French BERLIN, Aug. 12. German troops near Muelhausen captured ten fYench officers, ,'00 men, four guns, ten wag ons and manv rifles. Bombarding French Town PARIS, Aug. 12 The German bom bardment of Pont-A-Mnusson in the department of Muerthe. Moselle, twen ty miles northwest of Nancy, began yesterday. A hundred large shells fell in the town, killing inhabitants and de stroying buildings. Decisive Battle Expected PARIS, Aug. 12. A dispatch from St. Petersburg to Lee Matin, says: "The Austrians suffered a check on Dniester River. Four regiments of Austrian infantry and eight regiments of Vhlans were routed. The approach ing big battle will probably be a de cisive one." German Losses on Russian Side LONDON. Aug. 12. A Berlin dis patch to the Daily' Telegraph says the German staff admits heavy losses on the Russian frontier. Air Filled With Aeroplanes ST. PETERSBURG. Aug. 12. (via London) It is announced officially that German aeroplanes have been car rying out extensive maneuvers along the Russian frontier, but have done no damage. Planting Mines SEOUL. Korea, Aug. 12. Germans arriving from Vladivostock report that several Russian cruisers, ten torpedo boats and eight submarines are engaged in mining the barbor of Vladivostock. A Balkan Movement LONDON, Aug. 12. The Exchange Telegraph's Nish, Servia correspon dent,' says a combined Servian and Montenegrin invasion of Bosnia from Plevije (Tashlija) northwest of Nevi bazar, has begun in threecolumns. General Rodomir Patnilk, chief of the Servian general staff being, ill, General Jankovitch of the Servian army, has taken supreme command of the forces. SAVED BY SELLING England Hears Turkey Has Bought German Cruisers LONDON, Aug. 12. The Daily Mail says that on Monday the German government again approached Bel gium through Holland, asking that Belgium reconsider its refusal to al low the German aimy to cross Bel gium, pointing out that Germany had no quarrel with Belgium, and that such action would save the useless expenditure of money and blood. Belgium again refused, the Daily Mall says. It understands that Tur- neutrality. "If Turkey intends to en ter the war as Germany's ally or to pay of fold scores against Greece," the Daily Mail says, "she must be warned that in either case retribu tion will be swift and certain. It ap pears that Germany offered to sell the Goeben to Turkey some time ago, but the deal failed because Turkey stipulated that the vessel he deliv ered with a crew." o LEIPZIG COMING TO COAL SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 12. From reports early tonight it was learned that the German cruiser Leipzig is bound into San Frtncisco for coal. At a late hour marine lookouts failed to locate the warship, which was spoken thirty-five miles from port yesterday. It is believed she will arrive at mid night arid lie at anchor until morn ing, when the German consul will formally ask the collector of the port for the coal. ( Russian Story of Repulse ST. PETERSBURG, Ang. 12. An attempt by the Germans to occupy Eydtkuhen in east Prussia, one of the points to which Russian troops were dispatched early in the war, failed. The Germans, consisting of a de tachment of infantry with artillery, were repulsed with loss. According to a report, German ter ritory is cleared of French. It is also stated that at La Grande the German troops took over a thousand prisoners, about one-sixth of the two defeated French regiments. Protecting Water Lanes. LONDON, Aug. 12. The admiralty has sent out cruisers which will ply the Atlantisc, protecting the trade routes. The French government has sent warships in search of German fruisers known to be in the Atlantic. "Enemy's ships," the official report says, "will be hunted continuously. (Continued on Page Three) i T j HOW KAISER'S LAND FOES i LINE UP WITH NAPOLEON'S 1813 I French forces 400,000 j' Allied forces of England, j Prussia, Russia, Sweden j j and Spain 500,000 j 1815 j j French troops 360,000 j j AGAINST j Austrian troops 210,000 Russian troops , 150,000 j j English-Dutch' -troops 93,000 j I Prussian troops 116,000 j Total allies 569,000 I 1914 I Germany and allies 11,200,000 j France and allies 17,721,000 j An Explanation Of English Order Against Aliens ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Aug. 12. The Washington government's measures for the relief of Americans in Europe and the plans of the Red Cross to send an expedition to the war zone, have de veloped rapidly. American embassies and legations throughout Europe were authorized by Secretary Garrison to charter ships in which to bring home, citizens of the United States. Plans to send steamers from the United States were abandoned, because it is believed that the movement of the refugees will be expedited by chartering neutral ves sels at European ports. Information received at the state department gave assurance that the British order against the entry of aliens into Eng land was not meant to apply to Amer icans on the continent who are trying to return to the United States by the way of English ports. The difficulties over the transmis sion of code messages between Berlin and Washington were partially re moved when an understanding was reached with the British foreign of fice that the censor should not Impede messages between the American state department and the Berlin foreign of fice, or Ambassador Gernird, relating to the interests of Germans in France or England. However, it is said that such mes sages are being blocked at Copenhagen, making it necessary to route them by the way of Rome. , Mr. Bryan cabled tonight to Ambassador Page at London to ask the British foreign office to ar range for the release of Harry Aaron Menthes of St. Louis, who is reported to have been held as a German spy at Sunderland, England. Red Cross offi cials announced that there has been a country-wide response to the appeal for funds to finance a relief expedi tion. Secretary Garrison said tonight he had decided that it would be necessary to charter two or" three ships on this side of the Atlantic to make trips to certain European ports where Ameri can refugees are assembled. None of the American diplomatic representa tives abroad, he learned, would be able to employ vessels because none that will venture upon high seas at this time, are available at their ports. An effort will be made by Mr. Gar rison to have a meeting of the general relief board tonight to consider his plan but he was unable to hring the other members together. Americans in Switzerland GENEVA. Aug. 12. (via Paris) Sec retary Bryan has advised Pleasant A. Stoval, the. American minister, that he has deposited $50,000 gold in a New York bank to help Americans. The Swiss International bank accordingly credited Mr. Stoval with that sum and Americans now will be sent to Italian ports, where ships are being chartered to take them home. Stranded Americans in London LONDON, Aug. 12. Post Wheeler, recently appointed secretary to the American embassy at Tokio and Mrs. Wheeler, who were compelled to turn back at Berlin while on their way to Japan, have arrived at Hull from Co penhagen, accompanied by thirty stranded Americans. Loans by the American Telief com mittee to refugee Americans now aver age about 110,000 daily. These loans are made on security being given, o MEANS AND MONEY FOR MOVING CROPS Enlist Attention of the Bankers of Country ASSOCIATED PRBSR DISPATCH! WASHINGTON, Aug. 12. A notable- assemblage of representatives of the banking interests and commercial or ganizations from all parts of the coun try will attend a conference at the treasury department on Friday to con sider moving grain to Europe and re storing the market for foreign bills ex change. . Secretary McAdoo and Sec retary Houston of the agricultural de partment, members of the federal re serve board will meet the delegations. The treasury department is flooded with messages accepting invitations to the conference. In issuing the call the department announced that the for eign exchange question of providing suf ficient ships to move the grain and cotton crops to the European markets. are pressing problems and that the government will make every effort to co-operate In meeting the situation. The president will Ree visitors after Uie conference. AMENDMENT BEYOND THE ORIGINAL SCOPE ASSOCIATED PRESS DtSPATCH WASHINGTON, Aug. 12. The open ing of the coastwise trade of the United States to foreign built vessels admitted to American registry, during the next two years under the pending Panama canal act amendment, was agreed to by the house and senate conference. The presentation of the conference report is expected to arouse strong opposition. The amendment aapassed the house is intended to enlarge the merchant marine and facilitate the movement of exports while foreign ship ping is stopped by the war. Partial Paralysis Of World's Wires By Censorship ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH! NEW YORK, Aug. 12. The status of the Western Union Telegraph com pany's cable situation resulting from the European war, described tonight by the company in detail, shows it has no telegraphic communication with Ger many or Austria-Hungary, while all the cables leading to other countries in the theater of war are subject to rigid censorship. Unusual requirements regulating the sending such messages as the company was willing to accept had been dic tated by British military authorities, it is stated and messages which do not conform to the requirements will not be passed by the military censors who have been placed in all cable stations within British territory. Code language in cablegrams to the affected countries is barred altogether, and will he. it is believed, until the war is over. Through every available channel the Western Union is endeavoring to ob tain a substantial modification of what are described as "existing bur densome restrictions which seemingly unnecessarily have been imposed by British authorities." These restric tions include a requirement that full address, including street and number, must bp given and all messages must be signed with the full names of send ers. This , requirement, the company asserts, serves to augment the length of messages and greatly increases the cost to the public, but is necessary if messages are to get through. Mes sages are accepted at sender's risk as censors withhold all information with reference to those suppressed. The Western Union stated that notwith standing the abnormal conditions abroad, traffic is being disposed of over i.s eight cables with reasonable promptness, delays incident to censor ship excepted. Beyond London the service is slow nut rairly reliable ex- j iave sone llp whf, tne exportation cept if, three countries for which no '1)f food has been practically stopped messages are accepted. Code and oth- by the European war. er messages to Porto Rico, Hayti, San j The resolutions, three out of the Domingo, Cuba (via all-cable route), 1 five of which were introduced in the Central and South America, except ; house, were presented by Represen British Honduras, Brazil, British Gui-jtatives Kelly, Moore and Farr of ana. Honolulu, the Philippines. Japan, Pennsylvania. All directed inquires China, except Hong Kong and points , through the department of commerce, reached through Hong Kong, are ac- (chairman Adamson expects the de cepted as usual. Messages to all other ipurtment will make replies which will countries and places must be written in the plain English or French language except Switzerland and Turkey where the plain French language only will be used. The company said the British military censors would not pass ser- vi'-e messages making inquiry with have been approaching a famine ba reference to the disposition and deliv- jSis, according to a statement issued ery messages. by J. igden Armour, president of Ar Wireless License Canceled OTTAWA. Aug. 12. Canada has can celled the licenses of private wireless stations. It is explained that messages are being sent which the military au thorities do not wish overheard. Pri vate owners have been ordered to dis mantle their stations. GOVERNMENT GUARANTY LONDON, August 12. With the rnrpose of te.-minating the present deadlock in the money market and enabling trade and commerce to re sume a normal course, the govern ment has agreed to guarantee the Lank of England from loss in dis counting bills ot exchange or eitner home or foreign banks on trade ac cepted prior to August 4. Q SUSPECTED GERMANS CAPTURED IN Evidences That Their Mission Was Not Peaceful (associated press dispatch OANAXOQUE. August 12. While at a railway office inquiring as to the time of departure of trains to Ottawa, four Germans, only one of whom could apparently speak English were arrested today on suspicion of being spies. They said they were from Clayton, N. Y.. and came across (he river in a small boat, using pad dles made out of pieces of boards. When arrested they had two mo dern rifles, two revolvers, and one shotgun besides a quantity of am munition and a box of antiseptic cotton. In the bottom of the box there was a quantity of fuse. They hud a supply of drugs among which were poisons. They also had cooking utensils and other camp supplies. Private papers they carried indi cated that they came from Philadel phia. They would give little infor mation regarding themselves. TI E rZR OF ! life"' K '--Mi ; l Ipt Cl J V 'itt'Q$ Nicholas Czar Nicholas has solemnly vowed before his people that he will never make peace so long as a single soldier of the enemy remains on Russian I soil. WAR PRICES II CAUSED THE WAR Explanation of the Soaring Figures of Meats Pro posal by Master Butchers' Association to Forbid Ex portation of Products f ASSOCIATED PRFSS DISPATCH 1 WASHINGTON, Aug. 11'. Three resolutions calling for information as to "war prices" on foodstuffs in the United States were referred to Sec retary Redfielc! by Chairman Adam son of the house interstate and for eign commerce committee. All the resolutions call upon the department of commerce to explain why prices render unnecessary action by house on any of the resolutions. the Matter of Meals CHICAGO, Aug. 12. Receipts at the stock yards the past two weeks mour & Company. At the same time Armour vigorously denied the charge that the packers had made the Eu ropean war an excuse to raise prices. During the last two weeks the Ar mour company have killed fewer hogs than during any similar period in the history of the concern. Mr. Armour said the shortage was due to the actual shortage of live stock, with which packers have been contending for a year, together with the natural tendency of the producer to hold, back stock in the hope of war time prices. "The circumstances last week," Ar mour said, "were utterly beyond the control of anybody and directly af fected livestock and meat prices. The financial situation everywhere now present has made it impossible for buyers and shippers in stock grow ing sections to send stock to mar ket. "Then Washington very properly sent out official advice to farmers to I hold their crops. This was addressed to cotton ana wheat growers, out u had its effect on all faim produce. Conditions now are fast becoming normal and prices soon will be on a more even basis. These are facts from our nine plants, and they will be. parallelled by every packing company. "The other day we were able to fill but a third of the order from one na tion at war because the raw material could not be obtained. Our business men. as patriotic as any other ele ment, are not looking for a chance to squeeze an extra dollar out of ab normal conditions. If all keep cool and avoid hysterics, we will pull out of this unusual situation to the satis faction of everybody." John L. Russell, president of the Master Butchers' association, sent a letter to President Wilson asking him to forbid the exportation of meat from this country on the ground that there i.s such a shortage of supply that a meat famine may result. A meeting of the Master Butchers to consider the cause of the war time prices will be held tomorrow. Total livestock receipts last week here were the smallest since the (Continued on Page Three) 8 THE RUSSIAS ISSOLUTION OF THE I. H. C. Held to Be a Monopoly in Restraint of Trade by Majoritv Opinion of the Eighth United States Cir cuit Court associated press dispatch ST. PAUL. Aug. 12 The Interna tional Harvester company today was declared to be a monopoly in restraint of interstate and foreign trade and ordered dissolved by a majority de cision filed here by Judges Smith and Hook in the United States court. Judge Walter H. Sanborn, dissented. Unless the corporation submits a plan for dissolution within ninety days, or in case of an appeal, within ninety days from the appeal from the man date, the court will entertain an appli cation for a receiver. Judge Hook, concurring, says: "The International Harvester com pany is not the result of the normal growth or the fair enterprise of an in dividual, a partnership or a corpora tion. On the contrary, it was created by combining five great competing companies which controled more than 8(1 per cent of the trade in necessary farm implements and it still maintains a substantial dominance. That is the controlling fact; all else is detail. It may re as is said, that there is a growing recognizition of the need of great concentrated resources for trade and commerce, even though secured by combination of independent, compet ing concerns. But that is not the Sher man act. And a statute must be taken by the courts as a true estimate of the preponderance of public opinion which calls for legislative expression. It is not for them to question whether that opinion was rightly weighed or inter preted, wnether it is wise or unwise, or whether it has since changed. "It is but Just, however, to say and to make it plain, that in the main the business conduct of the company to wards its competitors and the public has been honorable, clean and fair. Seme petty dishonesties were tracked in at the start, mostly by subordinates who had been in the services of the old companies, but they were soon got ten rid of. In this connection it should also be said that specific charges of misconduct were made in the govern ment's petition which found no war rant whatever in the proof. They were of such a character and there was so much of them, apparently without foundation, that the case is exceptional in that particular." Judge Sanborn, dissenting, says with profound respect for the judgment of his court associates, he finds himself forced to disagree with them in this opinion, and in part says: "First, because it seems to me to give insufficient consideration to the trade conduct of the defendants at the time this suit was commenced, in April 1912. and for seven years before that date, and then were not either so do ing or threatening so to do. "Conceding, but not admitting, that if the combination of 1902 and 1903 had been challenged in 1902 or 1904 before the actual effect of the conduct of its business by the defendants upon in terstate and foreign trade had been demonstrated bv the actual trial of It from 1905 to 1912, a court might have presumed that the defendants were violating the anti-trust law and have so found on the theory that those who have power to violate a law are pre sumed to do so. yet the demonstra tion by the actual trial which the evi dence seems' to me to present at the time this suit was commenced the de- FIGURING 0(1 W 10 ME NEEDED FUNDS At Loast $100,000,000 Will Be Needed to Take the Place of Duties on the Usual Imports from the Warring Countries i TOBACCO AND BEER WILL BEAR BRUNT An Increase of Income Tax Which is Favored Would Not Become Available Until Julv 1 of Next Year ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, August - 12. Tha problem o; raising about $100,000,000 to offset the government loss in import duties, expected to result from the European war, will be the subject of a conference between Secretary McAdoo and House Leader Under v. ood, tomorrow. Treasury experts tonight completed a statement showing the imports fiom the war zone. They would not I'.azard an estimate of the probable less in revenues, though informally it is admitted that the total might bo m the neighborhood of $100,000,00u foi the year. Figures also have been prepared to demonstrate what might be raised by increased taxes on li quors and tobacco and by adding to the income tax. Representative L'nderwood and Senator Simons, chairman of the) senate finance committee, are making a thorough study of the situation, but will not attempt to frame a definite plan of action until Secretary Mc Adoo has outlined the actual condi tions. Then the advice of President Wilson will be sought. The normal revenue on importa tions from the countries now affected Great Britain, Germany, Austro Hungary, Russia, France and Bel gium approximate $116,000,000 a year. Germany exports many things that the customs experts say may be provided by England or other coun tries. Japan might take advantage of the opportunity to increase its expecta tions of articles normally supplied by Germany. The chief loss will be in pottery, laces, embroideries, toys, dyes, etc. Among schemes being Informally considered is one to change the in ternal revenue tax on cigars and to bacco, making it an ad valorem tax instead of a flat tax on amounts. In this way it is estimated about $40. 000,000 could be raised. From an in creased beer rax it is estimated that $:i0,000,000 could be brought In. No change in the income tax would bo clfctive until after July 1, next. Senator Shields, of Tennessee, is sued a statement today urging tho cse of the income tax to provide any additional revenue needed. "I favor an increase in the income tax," he said, "thus placing the burden on the wealth of the country, which al though receiving greater protection and benefits, always has borne, pro portionately, the smallest share of its maintenance." The treasury statement today showed that the custom receipts fof the month of August up to date ag gregated $7,765,538, against $10,203,958 for the same period last year, and that since July 1 the total has been $30,755,0(10, about $7,000,000 less than during the first six weeks nf the last fiscal rear. o j AUSTRIAN ACTIVITY Reservists in Chicago are Preparing for War ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH CHICAGO, Aug. 12. Charges that a body of Austrians organized In Mil waukee are drilling in violation of United States neutrality laws are be ing investigated by James L. Bruff, chief of the bureau of investigation of the department of justice. Bruff said he had received informa tion that reservists of half a dozen nationalities were drilling in numer ous cities, but in all cases, when noti fied that they were violating a federal statute, they ceased. o ARGENTINE BANKS They Have Been Re-opened After Days of Idleness (ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH BUENOS AYRES, Aug. 12. Buenos Ayres banks, which had been closed for some days, have reopened. They did a large amount of business. In order to economize in coal, the. supply of which has been greatly restricted on account of the war, train service in Argentine has been greatly decreased and in this city electric power for light ing is furnished only until three o'clock in the morning. fendants were, and for at least seven years before that time had been con ducting the business of the Interna tional company and their business without unduly restraining or monop olizing interstate or foreign trade, ought to and in my mind must far out weigh the questionable presumption."