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THE 'ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 13, 1914 jli ill Arizona Republican's Editorial Page i 4 The Arixona Republican i Published by ARIZONA PUBLISHING COMPANT. The Only Paper In Arizona Published Every Day in the Year. Only Morning Paper in Phoenix. Dwlght B. Heard President and Manager Charles A. Stauffer..... Business Manager Garth W. Cate Assistant Business Manager J. W. Spear Editor Ira H. S. Huggett ..; City Editor Exclusive Morning Associated Press Dispatches. Office. Corner Second and Adams Streets. Entered at the Postoffice at Phoenix. Arizona, as Mail Matter of the Second Class. Address all communications to THE ARIZONA REPUB LICAN, Phoenix, Arizona. TELEPHONES: Business Office 42! City Editor 433 SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Daily, one month, in advance I .75 Daily, three months, in advance 2.00 Dally, six months, in advance 4.00 Daily, one year, in advance 8.00 Sundays only, by mail 2.60 THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 13, 1914 Why don't you show us a states man who can rise up to the emerg ency, and cave in the emergency's head? Artemus Ward. Our Erring Brother ' We cannot help thinking that our contemporary, the Tucson Citizen, means to be fair, and that its trrors are those of the head and not of the heart; that such wrong conclusions as it has reached natur ally follow its misconception of facts. The Citizen, in a recent number declared that Mr. Heard, the principal owner of The Republican, dictated the nomination of George U. Young for governor. The Citizen should know that Mr. Heard was not In Phoenix at the time the consent of Mr. Young to be a candidate for governor was secured, and he has not since been in Phoenix, though he will earnestly support Mr. Young and would have been glad to know that he would be a candidate for gov ernor. Mr. Heard, with many other progressives, had solicited the consent of Mr. Young to be a candidate because he was a strong man and a good progressive. The Citizen, too, seems to be entirely ignorant of the relations which have existed between this paper and Mr. Young, of whom it speaks as the "protege of Mr. Heard." It is unnecessary to say to those who know him that George U. Young is the protege of nobody, but is capable of caring for himself. The Citizen must know that The Repub lican did not support Mr. Young for mayor of Phoenix, notwithstanding, as we have said, he is a good progressive, but this paper did earnestly sup port Judge E. W. Lewis, with whom it had no political sympathy at all and no other relation that would have induced a partisan selfish or interested support. .The Republican believed that at the out set of the new form of city government the mayor should be an accomplished lawyer, in addition to possessing other necessary qualifications. In that respect, The Republican believed that Judge Lewis was tho better qualified. In stating its preference for Judge Lewis as candidate for mayor. The Re publican recognized the claims and ability of Mr. Young and expressed then a hope that it might have an opportunity to support him as a candidate for a high place in the state or the nation. We would call the attention of the Citizen to another error in which it persists when it sayB of Mr. Young's, official acts: "Young had hardly been in the office (of mayor) a week before he brought out an ordinance to mulct the business men and wage-earners of Phoenix by placing On them a license and vocational tax that threatened to put them all out of business." Reference is, of course, made to Ordinance No. 6, which, with all its faults, did not impose a tax of a penny on any wage-earner, as the Citizen ought to know. It ought also to know that the objections of the merchants received instant attention by the mayor and the commission. The merchants threat ened no referendum, but were satisfied with amend ments already agreed upon. The only opponents of the ordinance who refused to be appeased were cer tain hotel-keepers and restaurant proprietors en gaged in the almost unrestricted sale of intoxicating liquors. It is upon these errors that the Citizen rests its opinion of Mr. Young, and the relations of Mr. Heard and The Republican with Mr. Young. We think that when the Citizen has been brought fully to realize that it is in error, it must revise its opinions and conclusions. A Phoenix Market Newspapers, as a reule, seldom refer in their editorial pages to private enterprises in their com munities unless they are of such a character as to affect disastrously or beneficially the people of the community. In such cases the enterprise assumes a public or, at least, a 'semi-public character. This shall be our reason for speaking at this time of the market building proposition which has been fully described, from time to time, in The Republican's news columns. . ' ' Briefly, it Is proposed to erect a substantial three-story concrete building, occupying about half a block, on North First street near Polk. : The build ing, with the ground, will represent an investment of nearly $400,000. The money for the building itself will be brought in from the outside, for this is not a stock-selling enterprise. The upper floors of the building will be devoted to hotel purposes, while the first floor will be used as a marketing place, where producers may deal directly with consumers. Espe cial attention is to be given to inspection and sanita tion. But It is the effect of such an enterprise upon the agricultural development of the community, of which we propose to speak. We are all agreed that what we need more than anything else is intensive farming in the rich Salt River valley, especially in those sections of it to which the larger towns are more accessible. The raising of fruits and vegetables in this val ley has never been systematized,, for lack of a re liable market. The few who have gone into the business and followed it intelligently have done well, but not enough have engaged in it to supply even the local demand. A large part of the fruits and vege tables used in Phoenix have been brought from California when we could raise better ones at home and save heavy express charges, to the benefit of both the producer and the consumer. Though the Salt River valley is known through out the United States as an agricultural empire, it is hardly known at all in Arizona towns and mining camps as a garden where the finest fruits and vege tables can be produced. A central market, conducted with the idea of bringing the producer and consumer together, will stimulate production and bring the knowledge of the valley to the outside towns which will look to it for their supplies rather than to the distant gardens of California. This kind of a market will do more to ward cutting the rich lands of the valley into small holdings than any other agency. Pric of Food Products This rise in the price of foodstuffs will bear looking into. Prices are legitimately regulated by demand, and should in no case be permitted to be regulated by speculation. At present there is no unusual demand for any of the commodities, the prices of which have been suddenly and sharply advanced. The demand from abroad is all in antici pation. It is said in explanation of some of the advances in prices recently made that the farmers are hold ing back their products for war prices. That may be true in isolated cases, but the average farmer, the great mass of farmers, are not doing so and could not do so. Certainly, the farmers had nothing to do with the sudden soaring prices of wheat in Chicago at the mere prospect of the European war. The producer, the farmer, the manufacturer has a legal and a moral right to hold his products for any price he thinks he may later obtain, but no man has a moral right to collect or "corner" those things which the people must have, in order that he may mulct them. This kind of forehandedness has at one time and another been recognized as a crime against the public and was formerly severely punished in Englanl. , We have had in this country, for some years, regulations against "corners" in certain commodities, but they were instituted for the benefit ot neither the producer nor the consumer, as the old English laws against forestalling were, but for the protection of the speculating gamblers in these commodities. We have made so much progress in the regulation of those matters in which the people are concerned that we may expect that some time the government will be provoked to price regulation. While our government is taking measures for the relief of Americans who have been caught abroad, something should be done for our stranded war correspondents, who seem to have been left in Europe without visible means of support, subject to prosecution under the vagrancy act. The European war is assuming a most serious aspect. According to information gathered from the first page of our usually well-informed evening eon temporary, all Europe is turned upside down. GOOD MANNERS AS A BUSINESS ASSET (Youth's Companion) John Lang was a successful business man, active and alert, and he spoke with crisp decisiveness. "You see. Brand, we have plenty of young men in the west who would jump at the chance, and some of them would qualify fairly well. But I want for this place man with eastern traditions and point of view, and a graduate of technology, too. It's the chance of a lifetime for the right man. If he suc ceeds in this place, he can go up indefinitely." "Well," replied Professor Brand, "there are two recent graduates who stand out above all the other men in my classes. They were graduated three years ago, and have done excellent work since. One of them, Wilson, led his class he had the highest marks in years and Billings was one of the first ten. Wilson is absolutely self made, worked his way through "school and college, and had no time for recreation, if he ever had the inclination. Bil lings has much more of the social instinct, but he had no struggle to gain his education his family put him through, you understand. He is a first rate man, but perhaps he hasn't the same training for hard work that Wilson has. You'd better look them over yourself. I'll ask them to dinner Friday. Of course, they will have no idea that they are under inspection." "Good! Friday at 7 o'clock, then." Late Friday the two older men parted from their younger guests, and, following the call of the lovely spring night, walked through the public gar den. Finally the professor said: "Well, Lang, which is it?" "Billings is the man. He's more observant." "How do you know he'd be keener than Wilson?" "Well, for one thing, his social address is bet ter." "Now, Lang, we're beating round the bush. We are both thinking of Wilson's bad table man ners. ,Let's admit it! Still, it doesn't seem quite fair that a lack of early home training should cut Wilson off from his great chance, now does it?" "Would it really be a great chance to Wilson? Would he see the chance and do for the company what the man in this position must do, represent us socially, meet men big men often each on his own precise level?" "But many successful men have shocking table manners." "Yes, Brand, but I can't risk it in this case. I've been looking these men up, and I find that Billings comes from very simple people, too. I think you'll find that whatever ease or grace of manner he has is the result of a keen eye and a clear mind. He may have stood below Wilson in academic work, but he has the sense to recognize the best way of doing things, and the willingness to put himself out in order to acquire that best way." The kind-hearted professor shook his head sor rowfully. "It's not easy to put a deliberate finger on. another's weakness, but I wish I dared tell Wil son what you say." "You'll do him a tremendous favor if you do, Brand. Any business concern would rather be rep resented by a man who cares enough to improve himself In every possible way than by a man who has had the advantage of university training, and yet behaves like a boor. There's a careless and indifferent streak in a man like that, somewhere. He's not a safe investment." T RUSSIAN TROOPS HASTEN TO Trainload of czar's soldiers on way to scene of action; czar and daughters on way to cathedral to pray for Hussian success. Here are the latest war pictures from Russia. One photo shows a trainload of the soldiers of the czar ready to be taken to the scene of action. The other shows the czar and his daughters and the royal suite following high priests of the Russian church en roufe from the Royal Palace at St. Petersburg to pray at the Cathedral for the success of Russian arms. The Prodigal Son By WALT MASON "At last I'm wise, I will arise, and seek my father's shack;" thus muttered low the ancient bo, ami then he hit the track. From dwellings rude he'd oft been shooed, been chased by farmers' dogs; this poor old scout, all down and out, had herded with the hogs. His heart was wrong; it took him long to recognize the truth, tliat there's a glad and smiling dad for each repentant youth. "I will arise, doggone my eyes," the prodigal ob served, "and try to strike the old straight pike from which I idly swerved.'' The father saw, while baling straw, the truant, sore and lamed; he whooped with joy; "my swaytiarked boy, you're welcome!" he exclaimed. Midst glee and miith two dollars' worth of fireworks then were burned; "we'll kill a cow," cried father, "now that Reuben has returned!" His sisters sang, the farmhouse rang with glee till rafters split, his mother sighed with hope and pride, his gianny had a fit. And it's today the same old way, the lamp doth nightly burn, to guide you home. , buys who roam, if you will but return. KIPLING MISREAD INDIAN MIND (Lippincott's) You will never really understand him, you will be told, if in your thirst for knowledge you attempt to fathom the depths of his nature. He Is beyond you. As Kipling in one of his "Departmental Dit ties" puts it; "You'll never plumb the Oriental mind. And if you did, t isn't worlh the toil. Think of a sleek French priest in Canada; Divide by twenty half-breeds. Multiply By twice the Sphinx's silence. There's your East. Ami you're as wise as ever."' People who talk in this vein forget that their ignorance is due not to any difficulty which is in herent in the nature of the subject and is insuper able, but is the result of their inability to enter sympathetically into the feelings of a people whose ways of life and modes of thought are different from their own. You cannot know much of the real mind of a people if you start with the assumption of your own superiority, mental, moral, and intel lectual, and proceed to dub all that does not fit in with your pet notions of things as worthy merely of pity or ridicule. If you wish to learn, leave your insular preju dices behind. It is always difficult to enter into the thoughts or feelings of those whose mental structure is different from our own. Do not aggra vate that difficulty by want of sympathy, and by a predilection to be led away by the surface view of things. If you inquire in the right spirit, making allowances for differences of environment and up bringing, you will find that very often the Oriental is guided by the same considerations as those which influence the conduct of the men and women of the west. You will also find, probably, that "the contrast is not merely between peoples of different blood and habitation, but between peoples at different stages of development. Qualities .which are ascribed with an unreflecting readiness to the Oriental often turn out on inspection to be not in the least pecu liar to the east, but qualities universal among peo ples at a more primitive stage. Many of them might have been discovered just as much in medieval Europe. The Crusaders would find it much easier to enter into the feelings of niany Oriental peoples today than into those of their own descendants in France or Germany. AUTHORS WHO WROTE RAPIDLY Sir Arthur Wing Pinero muKt be included in any list of rapid writers. His "Two Hundred a Year" was the work of a single afternoon, and "The Money Spinners" was written with almost equal rapidity. "Dandy Dick," one of the most amusing of his farces, occupied only three weeks, and "Lords and Commons" took just ten days. Among the poets, Byron seems to have worked as fast as anyone, and himself said that he was like a tiger, and if he missed his first spring had to go grumbling back to the jungle. Two rainy days at Ouchv produced "The Prisoner of Chillon," and the first sketch of "The Bride ot'Abydos" was written in four nights. London Daily Chronicle. , WAR; CZAR PRAYS FOR VICTORY Lifeboats By GEORGE FITCH Author of "At Good Old Siwash" A lifeboat is a small, uncomfortable craft which is all that is left to travel in after the $10,000,000 floating hotel has demonstrated the fallability of man. Lifeboats are stoutly built and can float in the fit-rcest storm; but they are not popular as a "After fifty people have been crowded into a 30-foot lifeboat it is no more comfortable than a street car in the rush hours." means of transportation. After fifty people have been crowded into a 30-foot lifeboat it is no more comfortable than a stieet car in the rush hours. Skillful seamen can row a lifeboat several hundred miles to shore if necessary, living upon an occa sional biscuit, but in the hands of a few dining room stewards who do not know which end of the oar to grasp while rowing, the lifeboat is at best a perilous and uncertain affair. For many years steamships have carried life boats hung from their upper decks and these boats have added greatly to the peace of mind of ner vous passengers who have put on life-preservers every time a wave hit their stateroom portholes. In fact the lifeboat was generally considered to be a very acceptable substitute for a steamship in case the latter sank until about two years ago when it was suddenly demonstrated in a most distressing manner that the best liieboat in the world is of no use whatever to the passengers who can't crowd into it. Since that time ocean steamers have provided enough lifeboats to hold all of their passengers and crew. But as yet very few improvements have been made in the manner of launching a lifeboat in a heavy sea. I'p to the present the bottom-side-up method has been used very extensively and has proven very satisfactoiy to those directors of navi gation companies who have lemained steadfastly at home focusing their well-trained intellects upon the matter of more speedai'd larger palm gardens. mmmm ' V I't-L CUE FQgT-ipl TiMA FIRM H B,G jtcAK - 15 tc B Suffocated fe v this J, TrrTifT t IF n,E PERFECTS J TOW r I Good silk I V"1"- - UMBRELLA ON J T sit rxw"A J jjjrvjp2? TM Bor K .Tlfe o- ;v,-r. man who cashes in his alfalfa bloom is thrifty and he will learn other ways of getting profits from little things. We want his business. The Phoenix j" I'll iiiaaAjuuijuui! WE SELL TRAVELERS' 1 CHECKS, LETTERS OF, CREDIT. PAYABLE IN ALL PARTS OF THE WORLD. Visible Property But Invisible Title Therefore You can see the property you buy, BUT the title is less Vis ible, therefore it is necessary for you to get the title abso lutely tree; have it handled right. This is our life work. Consult with us. Phoenix Title and Trust Co. 18 North First Avenue. The United States government has just ruled that during the summer season steamers on the American great lakes need only carry enough life boats for half their passengers. Whether the gov ernment considers summer excursions as superflu ous population or whether it figures that half the travelers would be able to swim across the lake in case of trouble is unknown. We will discover the reason for this decision just after the fiist big steamer goes down leaving half of its passengers safe and sound in the water only six miles from shore. LET NECKS BE UNCONFINED (Collier's Weekly) Two somewhat conflicting bits of information are borne into this editorial office on the summer breeze. From Atlanta. Ga., comes news that sleeve less bathing suits are not to be tolerated at Pied mont Park even on men; whereas Paris, France, reports that Gallic masculinity is freeing itself from the tyranny of the starched collar. Anatole France, who is a socialist as well as an author, heads a league which declares for soft collars open at the neck. Poets have ever inclined toward rolling col lars that leave free the throat. Byron and Shelly and Walt Whitman were all alike in that. But which is the real tendency? The Atlanta policy of cruel repression, or the Parisian ideal of increased latitude? We hope it is the latter. Paris for once sets a reasonable style. For a great while men have been moving more and more generally away from stiffness in shirts and hats and collars (to say nothing of manners); men who wear crash suit in summer are more numerous and less conspic uous than once. With erudite Philip Hale of the Boston Herald we vote for soft madras shirts with collars and cuffs attached and may the laundress forget that starch exists to try hot weather tempers. In all things temporal we are on freedom's side. Women's summer fashions are made for greater comfort than are men's yet men fix women's fash ions. Arise, ye Goths! And let us begin by de fending the sleeveless bathing suit and donning the Anatolean soft shirt. HOW TO PRESERVE POOR WINE A rich but exceedingly mean man. residing in upper New York, who had an excellent wine cellar, but poor wine, found that in spite of its quality some one of his servants was always stealing it. He called his butler, who was in a chronic state of dis guest at his employer's stinginess, and said: "Tom, this has got to stop! It is your business to at tend to such, matters. Now, what would you sug gest as the most practical way to preserve this wine?" "I don't know, sir," replied the butler, "un less you put something that's better worth drinking alongside of it." By-Products i THE VALLEY BANK One bee man in the Yuma Valley who has 1500 stands of bees, estimates his net profits at $6000 for ninety davs' work for himself and two men. The National Bank