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THE ARIZONA. BE PUBLICAN,
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 15, 1914 10 PAGES YOL. XXV. NO. 80 GERMANS ADVANCE THROUGH BELGIUM BY SHEER WEIGHT EUROPEAN WAR BRINGS INTO USE FOR FIRST TIME NEW ENGINES OF DESTRUCTION AEROPLANES PLAYING BIG ROLE L MEXICO CITY STANDS TIPTOE FOR cm w Face to Face With Armies of Allies, Both Sides Are Ready for Derisive Bat tle in Territory Not Named STILL HAMMERING AT FORTS OF LIEGE Belgium's Stubborn Re sistance, Though It May Not Have Been Disas trous, Has Disarranged Schedule of Germans associated press dispatch LONDON. Aug. 14. Pushing for ward liy mere weight of numbers, tho German advance across Belgium is slowly but steadily proceeding and soon must come in contact with the alied armies, which according to an official communication from Brussels tonight, is in buttle order at pome point unnamed. Belgians in outpost skirmishing are said to have inflicted severe checks on tho German forces; hut on the whole, the German wing kept on its way and reached a line from north nf Xamur to Haebn, which suggests that the first big battle will be fought somewhere between Louvain and Diest, where the allies will probably try to block the roads to Brussels and Antwerp and pi event the German attempt to make north ern Belgium untenable. Further south French troops entered Belgium through Charleroi, going to relieve their neighbors, and aid any attack directed toward Xamur, while in the east the French are repoited to have secured possession of a bridge and ridges in the Vosges mountains and to hold tho passes of Lebonhomme, and Saint-Marie-Aux-Mines, through which the most important roads pass and which it is asserted gives them great strategic advantage. The Germans are again hammering away at the Liege foits. The Ger mans claim that Fort Pont isse is tak en, which the Belgians deny, telling of another slaughter of invaders who tried to rush the fort. Military stra tegists are of the opinion that the Germans are meeting with unexpected delays, and that every day the Bel gians keep them fighting, means an increase of Russian forces on their eastern frontier. They express the belief that unless Germany soon dis poses of Belgium and France she will have to choose between with drawing a. great part of her army from the west or leaving the road to Berlin open to the forces of the czar. Already hordes of Russians are re ported marching toward Prussia on one side and to Austrian Galicia on the other side. In the latter country they are said to be in the vicinity of Styx river which is on the road to Limburg. The official news bureau of the British army, an dadmiralty has is sued a warning to the public against placing the slightest reliance on re ports of alleged victories and de feats of Great Britain. The probable attitude of Italy and Japan is still subject to much speculation. There are continual conversations regarding Japan's duty under the alliance with England and the part she will take in the peace conferences after the war. There are rumors that Italy will join the triple entente. If it is rorrect that Turkey has bought The Goeben and Bresleau, that will prob ably mean war with Greece, and cause Russia to send troops to the Roumanian frontier. Battle Front Ten Miles Long TIRLEMOXT, Aug. 14. German troops are marching on a front ex tending from St. Trond to Hasselt. The cavalry occupies a position to the right of Hasselt. Formidable defensive works have been erected by the Bel gians around Xamur. To eliminate an object for reprisals by the Germans nil the inhabitants of Xamur have been disarmed. French in Battle Line LOXDOX, Aug. 14. The transporta tion of French troops into Belgium territory is now complete, according to the Exchange Telegraph's Brussels correspondent. All the troops are In battle order at places designated by the plans of the general staff. Shifted Liege Bombardment BRUSSELS, Aug. 14. The Germans today suspended tho bombardment of the Liege forts on the right bank of the river and concentrated their ef forts on those west of Liege. The forts attacked are Pontisse, Liere, Lnntia, Lamoin Hollogne nnd Flamale. The bombardment was especially se vere on Pontisse. Fierce But So Far Futile LOXDOX', Auff. 14. Fort Pontisse nnd neighboring forts west of Liege, are resisting well the fierce German attack, according to the Brussels cor respondent of the Exchange Telegraph. The Germans are trying to rush Pon tisse. no longer relying on siege artil lery, but they are unable to get beyond the glacis of the fort where they are mowed down by the defenders' fire. The besiegers brought mattresses and bundles of wood with which to fill ditches about the fort but were unable to use them. , Slipped a Cog BRUSSELS, Aug. 14. Belgians are repeating with great gusto a story that when a member of the diplomatic corps at Brussels expressed surpri.se that the German minister had not left there the day after the war was declared, the minister replied: it is not worth while, the Germans will be here tomorrow." The Belgians call attention to the tact that ten days have elapsed since that conversation and the Germans are not here yet." Remarkable Achievement BRUSSELS, Aug. 14. In a sortiere near Namur yesterday, 200 military cyclists after surrounding 400 Germans, killed a large number, captured fifty and routed the remainder. AUSTRIA TO ITALY An Explanation That She Has Been Attacked By Great Britain LONDON', August 14. The Ex change Telegraph company's Rome correspondent sends an outline of the official communication from the Vi enna government to Rome notifying the Italian government of Great Britain's declaration of war on Aus tiia. The Austrian note says: "Austria's war against Servia, an independent state, and for a cause which does not affect international politics, cannot be considered as a cause for the present European war." Great Britain's note to Austria, the statement continues, fails to point cut the fact that Austria was obliged to declare war against Russia be cause the latter's mobilization threat ened Austria. It declared that Aus tria sent troop.': to the frontier, a fect, the statement continues, which France already knew from the Aus trian ambassador. "It is evident," the note says in conclusion, "that England's alleged reasons for declaring w,a.- were not only arbitrary alterations of facts, but deliberate lies. England thus has lightly broken her traditional friend- (Continued on Page Three) A Picture Of War Seen By Refugee; Liege The Stricken ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LOXDOX, August 14. A refugee from Liege told the following story to the Brussels correspondent of the Daily Telegraph: "Thirty thousand inhabitants fled when the shells began to fall. The vcmaining inhabitants buried them selves in cellars and havoc marks the city everywhere. Gaping bridges, de molished houses, fallen roofs and smouldering ruins are seen on all sides. There are no streets wherein shells have not fallen. The asphalt is plowed up like a cornfield. Xewly made graves protrude at unexpected riaces." "During the day Germans are ev erywhere in evidence and the in habitants are cowed in dumb dis may. During the night the city as sumes the aspect of a grave yard, the silence being broken only by the distant thunder of tho heavy guns and the tread of German patrols. Ail doors must be left open. The Ger mans compel the bakers to turn over the entire output to the avmy every morning, and w'ni'.a the inhabitants are hungry the soldiers cook their meals in the streets in great cauld rons. All the principal streets are barricaded; German soldiers are reckless in scouting nea.- the forts." o AMERICAN CITIZENS SHOWN COURTESY Legation Attache Passes Through Emperors Dominions t ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON", Aug. 14. Maxwell Blake, American charge d'affaires at Tan- giers, Morocco, arrived after motor ing, through the courtesy of Em ptor William from Hamburg to the Dutch frontier. Blake said that so far as his experience went, Ameri cans and English in Germany were courteously treated. The German Benevolent Society of Hamburg is undertaking to aid those in need. Lazard Kahn, a manufacturer of Hamilton, Ohio, arrived from the continent. At Frankfort he was ar rested as a spy and detained several hours until he satisfied his captors of his American citizenship. He re nuiined three days at Aix La Cha pelle, assisting Consul Robert J. Thompson. Krom there he went by carriage to Brussels. He frequently encountered German advance guards, who wanned him not to cross the German lines but did not molest him. A committee of American women residing in England obtained the sanction of the war office to plan for equipping a hospital and if suf ficient money is raised, for a hospi tal ship. An appeal for funds will be made to America. Been Applied to the Program for the Transfer of An thority to the Constitu tionalists CABINET NAMED BY Till NEW RULER Ample Guarantees Have Been Given the Inhab itants Against Looting or thority to the Const it u tutionalist Armv ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH MEXICO CITY, Aug. 14. The capi tal passed an expectant but quiet day awaiting the incoming constitutionalist army. A plan for the dissolution of the federal army calls for the delivery of all arms and ammunition to the con stitutionalists which seemingly indi cates that if complied with, there will be no fear of a counter revolution on the part of the federal army. The army will be distributed along the Mexican railway among towns be tween the capital and Puebla. The new minister of war will designate a con stitutionalist officer to receive the sur render of each battalion. The fare of the federals to their borne towns will be paid by the constitutionalists. A cummittee of four constitutional ists met General Velasco, Carbajal's minister of war to arrange for the tak ing over of the fortifications at Cutilian and Tlalepantla. It is probable that Carranza's cabinet will be as follows: Foreign minister. Isiilro Fabela: minister of the interior. General Alvaro Obregon: minister of war. General Eduardo Hay: minister of public works. Alberto J. Pani. Ord ers cla-sing all Catholic churches were Issued today by the archbishop who will not permit them to open until the new regime is established. Many cler gymen are leaving for Spain. Carranra Officially Named WASHINGTON, Aug. 14. Carranza is named as provisional president in an agreement signed outside of Mexico City yesterday by General Obregon, his representative and Federal' Governor Iturbide, according to an announcement by the constitutionalist agency here. Dispatches to Rafael Zubaran and company, the head of the agency, said the agreement provided that Carranza shall fill all the offices necessary to conducttho government until a general election is held. Mr. Bryan gave out the following: "A dispatch from the Brazilian min ister at the City of Mexico, reports that Carbajal, having departed from the capital, the governor of the federal dis trict has assumed authority and ent ered into an agreement with General Obregon for the occupation of the cap ital. The agreement provided for the withdrawal of the federal forces to a place to be agreed upon, whereupon the constitutionalists forces would enter. "As soon as Obregon occupies the capital. Governor Iturbide is to deliver the authority" over the police force to the constitutionalist authorities, the police to enjoy all guaranties. "General Obregon's army is to enter the city in perfect order and the in habitants are not to be molested in any way. Punishment will be visited upon any soldier or civilian who docs vio lence to any resident and no military officer is at liberty to demand or ob tain anything from private individuals without express authority from the general in chief." Slaughter at Manzanillo WASHINGTON, Aug. 14. In a night attack on August 7 on Manzanillo, In "what appears to have been one of the fiercest battles on the west coast of Mexico," says a report today from Ad miral Howard, the constitutionalist forces, which Included a regiment of 800 Yaqui Indians under Col. Mondes charged across a field which had been mined and strung with barbed wire. Of a detachment of two hundred men In the fight only 22 survived unhurt. The charge was made in the face of concen trated artillery and infantry fire and the guns of the federal gunboat Guer rero. STRIKE VOTE Question Put Up to Southern Pa cific Telegraphers f ASSOC;! ATED PRESS DISPATCBl HOUSTON, Aug. 14 A strike vote of all telegraphers in the ser vice of the Sunset, Central and Southern Pacific systems from New Orleans to Portland, Ore., and Ogden, has been ordered by John E. Cow gill, general chairman of the Order of Railway Telegraphers. Among the many demands, the most Important is an increase of one-eighth in wages. o MORE BUILDING IN U. S. A. f ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH CHICAGO, Aug. 14. Building oper ations in the United States showed an increase of fifteen per cent last month as compared with a year ago, accord ing to statistics prepared by the Con struction News. Final Touches Have iiil . ' WkM Jit 1 i J.. , fa : .-i-i - French sharpshooter in aeroplane aiming at the enemy; ironclad on wheels. The present European war has brought into use new o.-.pines of destruction that have never been given an actual trial before. This is particularly true with regard to aircraft The upper photo shows a French sharpshooter standing guard in the bow of a sky-cruiser, training a deadly fire with his rapid-tire gun on the enemy. The lower photo shows the ironclad on wheels which is attached i.o the Italian army. It is considered to be the most perfect war machine made. BUSINESS IN Frjro (iovcrmiiont Tnsur ancc Against War Risks to the' Knd That tho Country's Foreign Trade .Mav Not Languish associated press dispatch! WASHINGTON. Aug. 14. Govern ment insurance against war risks of American register ships and their cargoes, is the solution offered by sixty-two representative business men of the country for the stoppage of American over-sens commerce be cause of the European war. The proposal was made in definite form jtfter an all-day. conference presided over by Secretary McAdoo, who called the meeting. Virtually all the largest banking and shipping interests of the United States were represented. The conference appointed a com mittee of twelve, headed by Seth Low, president of the National Civic Federation, to remain in Washing ton, and advise with the government al departments and congress during the framing of legislation designed to relieve the conditions produced, by the war. The committee began by drafting a hill to be presented to congress im mediately to be pressed for passage with the view of having the gov ernment insurance bureau in opera tion as soon as possible after the pending measure modifying the re strictions of American registration of foreign built ships becomes effec tive. The president interrupted the session this afternoon with praise for ;the co-operation shown. In addition to Mr. McAdoo, the of ficials who participated in the con ference were Secretaries Houston and Redlield. all the members of the federal reserve board, Senator Owen and Rep esentative Glass chairmen of the sen ate and hou.se banking committees and Representative Adamson, chairman of the interstate foreign commerce com mittee. The conference interrupted its deliberations in the afternoon to go in a body to the White House. The presi dent addressed them briefly. "If we got no other benefit out of the present trying circumstances in the world at large." said the president, "We shall at least get this benefit We shall enjoy a period when we meet each oth er not as members of different parties. All of our prejudices have fallen away from us, coming together as Americans for a common object that is not touched with selfishness or personal ambition of any sort. Surely handsome results will come out of the spirit in which conferences of this kind are held. "I believe you will discover, those of you who did not know it before, that this government has means, somewhat fully developed means, for assisting the commercial and industrial opera tions of the country and that therefore, it is worth while to maintain the kind nf connection which is here inomen- (C'cy.inued on Page Two) MEET OFFICIALS FOR COMMERCE England Will Map Safe Water Lanes Through North Sea ASSOCIATED PRES DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Aug. 14. Colville Barclay, charge, d'affaires of the Brit ish embassy, has presented a memor andum regarding mining the North Sea to Secretary Bryan with assurances that the British admiralty will do all in its power to assist the shipping of friendly nations to avoid the explosives reported to have been laid there by Germans. The cabled statement of the British government follows: "German action and the measures it may entail are a source of grave dang er to shipping. The British admiralty will, however, from time to time sub ject to naval exigencies, try to indi cate certain routes and channels for trade to pass to the Scheldt. They do not wish in any degree to keep trade iiway from the English channel. The difficulties in the way of a guaranty for the Rhine, which is nearer the cen ter of war. are at present insuperable." Way Open for Tourists LONDON. Aug. 14. Steamers which will sail from England for the United States within the next three weeks in clude the White Star liner Olympic, and the Cunard steamships Sa.vonla, Mauret.'inia, Lusitania. and Franconia. These ships will accommodate 13,0(10 passengers. In addition fifty smaller steamers will sail within the same per iod for ports in the United States and Canada. It is stated that these boats will provide opportunity for all Amer icans now in Great Britain to return home, but arrangements have been made to charter additional vessels to convey refugees to America, if neces sity arrises. Busy on This Side WASHINGTON, Aug. 14 The exe cution of the government board of re lief plans for the return of stranded Americans will go forward swiftly. The . five army transports sent to Newport News will be outfitted for the trip. They, together with the steamship lines, anil privately chartered ships will provide quarters for 20,000. Diplo matic representatives abroad are act ing promptly, (bartering vessels and gathering refugees. American Minister Stovall of Switzerland notified the state department that negotiations for the transportation of l.r).O0O from Med iterranean ports are under way. CANANEA SHUT DOWN TIGHT ASSOCIATED PRESS DIFPATCHl DOUGLAS. Aug. 14. The Cananea Consolidated Copper company of Ca nanea. Sonora, is completely shut down and the fires withdrawn. Only fifty out of 1.900 employes are retained as caretakers. Special trains are contem plated by the company to take the workmen and their families to other cities to obtain work. o AMBITIOUS NAVAL OFFICER f ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl WASHINGTON. Aug. 14. A young naval officer applied to Secretary Daniels for leave of absence to en ter the service of one of the warring European powers. He suggested that the experience might be of value to the United States in the future. The request was promptly denied. n ESTIGAT WELL STARTED Sulmocnas Issued for Those Who Have Advanced the Figures and Victims Are Invited to Tell What Thev Know fASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Aug. 14. Legal I forces, state and federal all over the ! country have got into action carrying ' out the president's suggestion for an i investigation whether food prices are j being artificially increased on the pre text of tiie European war and for criminal prosecution if that is found true. Washington led off with a grand jury investigation to which commission merchants, wholesalers, retailers and hotel buyers are subpoenaed and citi zens with evidence, are invited. Renorts of other investigations in other localities by United States at torneys, state and county authorities, poured into the attorney general's of fice. Special agents of the depart ment of justice began their search for evidence of manipulation and other methods of price fixing. Secretary Red field sent instructions to agents of the department of commerce on earning cut their phase nf the work. GROCERS ADVISE BOYCOTT Wish to Assist in Investigation of Causes of High Prices LOS ANGELES, Aug. 14. Whole salers here announced that another til'ty cents a hundred pounds had been added to the price of sugar, and im mediately afterward Neal P. Olson, sec retary of ihe Southern California Re tail Groc?rs association, issued a state ment to the women of the city sug gesting that they as housewives boy cott sugar and carry on a similar cam paign against all other articles of food on which prices may be advanced. The federal grand jury began an in vestigation of the rise in the prices of foodstuffs. Tho retail grocers through their organization announced that they would assist the government author ities. Pennsylvania Has a Law PHILADELPHIA. Aug. 14. District Attorney Rotan of Philadelphia county said that if any citizen would lodge a complaint with him charging dealers with unlawfully raising the prices of foodstuffs he would institute proceed ings in an effort to bring about a cor rection. There is sufficient law in Pennsylvania to convict, he said, if conspiracy be proved. Chicago Scale Unchanged CHICAGO, Aug. 14. In the face of tho federal investigation of charges that dealers have arbitrarily placed war time prices on foodstuffs, prices were balanced at about the same scale as on Thursday. A few staples were a cent or so ioff in prices and (Continued on Page Two) i OF THE 1 Feverish Preparation Last Xijiht for the Voyage of the Clreat Steamer of the AVar Department Through the Watenvav PRIMLY DRESSED FOR THE OCCASION, She Will Carry a Distin guished Party, Including Governor (loethals, on the First Formal Trip Through Canal ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH PANAMA, August 14. The canal was a scene of activity tonight in preparation for its opening tomor row. On board the steamship Alt eon, office.-s and men are busy set ting everything shipshape for her start early tomorrow morning on th first voyage of a big ocean-going steamship through the new highway. The Ancon, 10,000 tons register, is owned by the United States war de partment and leased to the Panama, railroad for the New York to Colon t.ade. She has not discharged her cargo as it is planned to have her make her journey fully loaded. Ou the trip down from New York she received a new coat of paint, and with the finishing touches to be given her tonight, in the morning she will look as though she were fresh from the builders' yard. The first thing in the morning, signal flags will be strung f.'om fore truck to keelson and the flags of all nations hoisted on the ship to mark the national aspect of the occasion. Inside and out the ship will be gay with bunting. Even the deckhands will be rigged out in spotless new white uniforms. Orders have been issued for the Aucon to leave the dock at Christo l ul promptly at 7 o'clock in order that she may arrive at the Gatun locks about 8. She was boarded to night by John Constantine, the canal pilot, who will have charge of tho ship during the passage tomorvow. He hopes to get her through to the Pacific within eleven hours, although twelve is the set time for the aver age passage. Entering Gatun locks at 9 o'clock, the eleven hour run would bring tho Ancon to the end of the deep water channel in the Pacific at 6 in 'the evening. The passage of the Cucuar acha slide in Cluebra cut will b made shortly before noon. The canal regulations provide a speed limit of fifteen knots in the wider and deep er channels of Gatun lake, but in the Culebra cut, not more than six knot.-i an hour will be allowed. Every move which the ship makes will be re corded on piloting charts in the port captain's offices at either end of the waterway. The ships location will be reported at every turn by telegraph. Jn order that the Ancon's jouvney may be wholly unimpeded, all other traffic on the canal will be suspend ed. Those aboard will include Gov ernor GoethaUs, the canal builder, i'nd a number of other high officials. President Kelisario Porraa of the re public of Panama and members o? his cabinet. Most oi them will bo accompanied by their wives. During the voyage a buffet luncheon will be se.'ved but without wine, as tho canal zone is "dry" territory. The Ancon has a complement of seventy-four officers and men and is commanded by Captain G. E. Suke forth. 0 1 FOR AMERICAN SHIPS Opposition to Admitting Foreigners to Coastwise Trade ASSOCIATED PBES9 DISPATCH! WASHINGTON, Aug. 14. Serious opposition to the provision of the conference report on the emergency shipping bill which would open coastwise trade to foreign built ships, admitted to American register, was voiced in the senate today by both democrats and republican sena tors. After several hours' debate, devot ed chiefly to an arraignment of this proposal, the opposition senators agreed to vote on Monday afternoon. It was reported tonight that tho administration leaders intended to have a conference before Monday, and probably would discuss the sit uation with the president before tho report is put to a vote. o BRITISH COAL TRADE UNAF FECTED fASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHl WASHINGTON, Aug. 14. Reports of a threatened coal famine in South America due to the European war was denied at the British embassy. Conditions on the continent, the Rri tish diplomat said would not be al lowed to affect the coal trade with exterior points.