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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL i TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, TUESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 25, 1914 10 PAGES .VOU XXV. NO. 99 1 si (1 4 i GERMANS ATTACK CWH0I BUT ARE DRIVEN BACK BY THE FRENCH ARTILLERY Kaiser's Troops Invade Town from Montaguy Side and Escape bvv Burn ing Bridges in Front of Railway Station. GERMAN SHELLS FALL ON TOWN Mass of French Artillery and Troops in Endless Line Pour Out Toward Chalet and the Germans Sustain Heavv Losses. associated press dispatch LONDON, Tuesday, August 25. "Since yesterday morning the Ger mans have been attacking Charleroi, vhich the French are holding," says the Ostend correspondent of the Daily Mail, who telegraphed on Monday: "The Germans invaded the town from the Montagny side and came cut by burning the bridges in front of the railway station. There was a hot f.ght for tne possession of the' hridges, the railway station and oth er buildings. "German shells are falling in the town. The houses on the left of the hotel Europe, as seen from the rail way station, appeared seriously dam aged. A mass of French artillery and troops in endless lines poured out, it is said, toward Chalet, and the Germans were driven back with serious loss." Montenegrin troops with a bayonet charge repulsed a fresh Austrian at- tack at Bahavo, taking 150 prisoners asmy counted in the great European and killing 300 Austrians, according strUggie. Thus far England has felt to a Cettinje dispatch to the Ex- tne war far less than any other Euro change Telegram company. pean nation engaged, probably less The Rotterdam correspondent ofithl,n Holland or Switzerland, but the Daily Telegraph says that Rot tordam newspapers assert that no German soldier have been in Brus sels since Sunday. The number of Germans that have passed through Brussels is estimated at 300,000. An Austrian monitor struck a mine and was destroyed between Or chava and Baziach, and the crew perished, according to a Nish, Servia, dispatch to the Paris Excelsior, tel egraphed here by the Paris corre spondent of the Exchange Telegraph company. A Rotterdam dispatch to the Daily Telegraph quotes a letter from a German officer to the Dusseldorfer Tageblatt: "We were simply compelled to burn villages because the civilians, espec ially women, would shoot on our ad vancing troops. Yesterday civilians from a church tower killed several of my men. We took prisoners all the and burned several houses to teach civilians a lesson. Whenever we are fortunate enough to capture French snipers we hang them on trees along the road." German Prince Victorious WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. The Ger man embassy received the following message from the foreign office at Berlin: "The army of the German prince won a decisive victory northwest of Die ilenhofen over five French army corps. Retreat of the southern French wing in Verdun is cut off. French troops were repulsed across the river Meuse in full rout. The crown prince's army giving chase, took many prisoners and it is declared that the French troops are no longer able to face the terrific fire of the German infantry." Italians Mobilize GENEVA, via Paris, Aug. 24. Ital ian troops, according to thoroughly re liable information reaching here, are concentrating on the Austrian frontier and the French frontier on Switzerland and have virtually stripped its garri sons, owing to a partial mobilization by individual summons and not by public order. Reports are that the Italian army has been increased to 800,000 men. Albanians Enter Avalona LONDON, Aug. 24. Telegraphing from Rome, the correspondent of the Exchange Telegraph company says that messages have been received there that Albanian insurgents have entered Avolona, Albania and raised their flag. Artists, Poets And Authors Rally To ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON. Aug. 24. "Paris is the saddest place in the world," said Miss Cornelia B. Sage, director of tho Albright Art Gallery of Buffalo, who has arrived in London from the French capital. "All the artists, poets and authors have gone to the. war. Every man able to carry arms has answered the call. Only small boys have been left to work in the hotels and cafes. AH the studios are deserted. A dispatch to the Times from Rome says that the Italian Premier Sigor Sa landra, has assured the committe of deputies that no mobilization is immi nent in Italy and that if it did occur later it would not mean abandonment of the Italian neutrality. A Paris dispatch to the Standard says the authorities at the Louvre have removed the Venus De Milo and other art treasures, gems and state jewels to vaults. A Day of Waiting LONDON, Aug. 24. This day of waiting brought home to the British people the realities of war. Not be fore has the whole nation been so deeply moved. Englishmen know that most of the regiments of their army are fighting a battle on which the future of the empire may de pend. Many thousands have friends or relatives in the army. They know the death roll will be, longer than in the case of any force since the Crimean war. The only information the country had was contained in brief official bulletins of a vague character, and these were not cheering. Through out London tonight the people were in a much more serious mood than at any time since they faced the war. There were no scenes of gaiety nr.. B. ta vm vprv mli.t This does not mean there is any less determination on the part of the Britons, only that the people are be- ginning to realize what this war may cost them. On every side declara tions were heard that the country must be prepared for a long and ex hausting struggle. While not many reproaches came from the supporters of Lord Robert's crusade, for compulsory military ser vice, not a few admit they never realized bow small a part the British now waiting tne issue oi me ua,m; for lists of killed and wounded, the English people understand all that it means. Every boat from Belgium comes crowded with impoverished refugees who fled before the German invasion. An organization is forming to care for these people and part of the Prince of Wales' fund, which amounts to more than $7,500,000 will be sent to Antwerp for the sufferers who have taken refuge there. Thousands of Belgians crossed the French bor der for an asylum and the ommit tee will arrange for their relief. Eng land and France apparently propose to care for their smaller ally who thus far has borne the brunt of the hardships which the war entails. The correspondent at Amsterdam of Reuter's Telegraph company sends i n storv taKen iroin me fluunm post, telling of the courteous treat ment General Leman, commander or the Liege forts, received at the hands of General Von Emmich of the Ger man forces. m "Gen. Leman," the story runs, "was found by the Germans nearly suffo cated under the ruins of a destroyed fort. German officers treated him with greatest friendliness and took him before General Von Emmich, to whom the Belgian handed over his sword." In recognition of General Leman's brave conduct in a hopeless situation, Gen. Von Emmich returned his sword to him and after a short rest. (Continued on Page Three) l I i PROTEST AGAINST I GERMAN STATEMENTS j WASHINGTON, August 24. E. Havenlth, Belgian minister, com- I municated a protest from hi government to the state depart- j ment against German statements of the Belgian conduct on the battlefield. I j "Germany permitted many of j her soldiers to slaughter the j peaceful population, burn villages j and threaten the civil popula- j tion with the greatest horrors," says the protest. I I "The list of atrocities ascer- '.ained by the investigation com- I mittee is already long. Belgium , will ask for an international in- ; vestigation of the cruelties com- 1 mittcd." Aid Of France "The flower of the French man hood, all men of genius are at the front. The wives, mothers and sis ters rejoice- that these talented men went with their humbler brothers in defense of France. They say the call of the country stands above all. They are so brave, that to the wo men of France they are wonderful. They realize that in a few days many of them will be in mourning. They could scarcely raise their heads, yet they are cheering for France." ( ' Where Opposing Armies Are Now In Mortal Combat iSifi FRANCE ADMITS ROUT DEARIES BY THE GERMANS War Office Issues the An nouncement Telling of Failure of Combined At tack of French and Eng lish Troops. ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATrnI PARIS. Aug. 24. The French war office issued the following announce ment tonight: 'The French and English, their plan of attack having failed owing to unforseen difficulties, have retired or are covering their positions." The west of Meuse English army on our left was attacked by Germans but behaved admirably, holding its ground with traditional steadfast ness. The French assumed the of fensive with two army corps. The African brigade in the front line, carried away with eagerness, receiv ed a murderous fire. They did not give an inch, but counter attacked by the Prussian guard they were obliged to retire, only however, after inflicting enormous losses. The Prus sian guard especially suffered heav ily. East of the Meuse our troops ad vanced across an extremely difficult country and made a very courageous attack when they emerged from thj, woods but were obliged to fall back after a stiff fight south of the River Semois. "It is to be regretted that the of fensive operations planned failed to achieve their purpose as a result of difficulties impossible to foresee. It would have shortened the war but our defenses remain intact in the presence of an already weakened enemy." "On order of Gen. Joffre, our troops and the British troops withdrew to covering positions. Our troops are Intact; our cavalry in no way suf fered, our artillery affirmed its su periority. Officers and soldiers are in the best of condition morally and physically. As a result of orders Is sued the aspect of the struggle, is changed for a few days. The French army will remain for a time on the defensive but at the right moment, to be decided by the commander-in- chief, it will resume a vigorous ag gressive. "Our losses were heavy. It would be premature to entimerate them and equally so to enumerate those of the Germans, who suffered so heavily they were obliged to abandon their counter attacks and establish thenf selves in fresh positions in Lorraine. We delivered four attacks yesterday from our positions north of Nancy, inflicting very heavy losses on the enemy. In regard to the general sit uation we have the full use of our railroads and retain command of the seas. Our operations enabled the Russians to come into action and penetrate the heart of West Prussia. Every Frenchman deplores the tem porary abandonment of portions of Alsace and Lorraine which we occupied and certain portions of the national territory suffer from events of which they will be the theater. The ordeal was Inevitable but temporary. Thus detachments of German cavalry be longing to an unattached division, operating on the extreme right pen etrated to Roubaix (six miles north of Lille), in the Tourcoing district which is defended only by territorial reservists. Our valiant people know how to find courage to support them In this trial with unfailing faith in final success, which is not to be doubted. In telling the ' country the whole truth, the government and mil itary authorities give the strongest On the Battlefield Steamer Brandenburg Eludes Hostile Ships ASSOCIATED PREPS DISPATCH DELAWARE BREAKWATER. Del. August 24 The North German Lloyd steamer Brandenburg, which sailed from Philadelphia Saturday with all available space filled with coal and nearly a year's supply of provisions, has eluded hostile warships and is now well out to sea. This opinion was expressed by .shipping men here who argued that if tile steamer was still hugging the Atlantic coast within the three mile limit, as one unconfirmed report said, .she would almost surely have been sighted by coasting vessels. With the exception of a few hours the Beginning of Fourth Week Since Closing of New York Stock Exchange Finds Little Change in Domestic Situation. ASSOCIATED TRESS DISPATCH NEW YORK, Aug. 24. The begin ning of the fourth week of involun tary financial stagnation finds little change in the domestic situation. The greatest obstacle continues to be that presented by the paralysis of the for eign exchange market, for which banking interests are yet without remedy. The latest proposition ad vanced by one group of financiers suggests an extension of six months at an increased rate of intercut for the payment of New York city war rants and other obligations largely held abroad which mature soon. According to the report however an influential member of the British banking community declared its unal terable opposition to such a plan. The all-absorbing topic in high financial quarters is the extent of this coun try's indebtedness to Europe. This situation has been greatly complicated by the enormous sums of money held in France and Germany to the credit of American bankers, which must in the existing nature of things remain in a state of rigidity for an indefinite period. Because the London stock exchange is considering the advisa bility of reopening under very re stricted conditions, rumors were again current that the resumption of opera tions here is not far off. All such reports are depreciated by exchange officals as false and misleading. Un- officially it is believed that even un- der the most auspicious circumstances business on the local exchange will not be resumed for at least another month. Sentiment in the west is more cheerful, the opinion prevailing that this country is sure to emerge into a period of prosperity largely because of the European war. The western money market is also tending toward greater ease and encouragement is found in the steady diminution of idle cars, which show a decrease of aver 24,000 compared with the previous fortnight. A feature of the money exchange was the increased demand for ex change on Paris. Exchange on Lon don was also active at unchanged rates. proof of their absolute confidence in I victory, which depends only on our I perseverance and tenacity." FINANCIAL COMMISSON STAGNATION RECOMMENDS CONTINUES PROSECUTION at Waterloo. weather along the coast . has been clear eve.' since the Brandenburg, whose destination was given in the clearance papers as Bergen, Norway, passed 'this point early Saturday night. Incoming vessels of all class es have been asked for information regarding the steamer's whereabouts, but up to a late hour tonight she had not been sighted. The P.ritish cruiser, reported to be the Essex, which has been lying eight to ten miles off shove, was not in sight at daybreak today, but re turned from eastward shortly after noon and resumed her position. To night her searchlights kept playing up the entrance to the breakwater Califomia State Uailroad T .. ...1 n-v o Believes Serious JJt fill u Embezzlement Was Com mitted and Advises Crimi nal Action at Once. ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH SAN FRANCISCO, August 24. Criminal prosecution of those respon sible fur the present plight of the United Railroads is recommended by the state railroad commission. The; present management, through Presi dent Jesse Lilienthal, pledged itself to aid with all the evidence in its possession. The commission will lay a transcript of the testimony it de veloped before the district attorney with the recommendation that be take action. "It is my judgment," said Presi dent Eshleman, of the commission, "that , a very serious embezzlement has been committed." No names were mentioned, although the attorney representing the collat eral interests shouted a protest against what he called "branding Calhoun as a felon." Patrick Calhoun preceded Lilien thal as president of the United Rail roads. "I do not brand Calhoun as a fel on," answered Eshleman. "Intelli gent men will put their own con struction .on the case." The morning session was devoted to an attempt to find out what be came of 1,096.000 which it had been shown previously Calhoun withdrew over a period of years from the funds j of the United Railroads, supposedly for application to the development of ,hp Solano irrigated farms, an am- omous real estate speculation which went to the rocks a few months af ter it had been launched. As se curity the company holds only Cal houn's personal note, with stock in the foundered Solano farms as col lateral. No progress favorable to Air. Cal houn was made. President Lilienthal testified that after its withdrawal the money had been deposited in banks and thence diverted, and that after its diversion he had been unable- to trace it. o AGAINST HIGH PRICES ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH) CHICAGO, August 24. An ordin ance designed to give the city power to punish dealers who arbitrarily raise food prices as a result of the war, was passed at a special meeting ot the city council tonight (c) Underwood & Underwood. NO DATE FOR ELECTION OF NEW PONTIFF Just When Conclave to Choose Successor to Pope Pius X Will Be Convened Has Not eBen Definitely Decided Upon. ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH f ROME, August 24. No date yet (lias been fixed for convening the con I clave which will elect a successor to Pope Pius X., although there seems a disposition on the part of many of tbe cardinals now in Rome, to start pioceedings next Monday. If these cardinals have their way, Cardinals Gibbons and O'Connell will be unable to reach here in time for the opening session, and it is doubt ful if Cardinal Farley, now in Switz trland, will arrive. Workmen are engaged in the Sis- tine chapel, erecting a catafalque fori the last funeral mass for Pope Pius, which will be celebrated next Sun- I ea"- Immediately after this service i the chapel will be transformed into a conclave hall. The fourth congregation of car dinals met in the consistorial hall, several cardinals from the provinces (Attending for the first time, including Cardinal Delia Chisea, archbishop of Boulogne, and Cardinal Mercier, arch -bishop of Mechlin, Belgium, the lat ter of whom were greeted cordially by Cardinals Delia Volpo, Agliardi, Merry Del Val, and Vinzanso Vannu telli, who discussed the war situa tion with him. Although Cardinal MartinelH has returned to Rome, it is not believed be will particpate in the conclave. owing to illness. n BOUND TO GET QUORUM ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCIll WASHINGTON. Aug. 24. Speaker Clark issued another batch of war rants for the arrest today of ab sentee members. The sergeant-at-arms raided the baseball park, cafes ind other resorts to bring in enough congressmen so the house could go on with business. o TO PATROL THE GULF ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH OTTAWA, August 24. The Cana dian cruiser Niobe, with a crew of 720 men. will go into active service on September 1, joining the patrol of r.ritish cruisers which is guarding trade routes across the Atlantic. It is probable the Niobe will be given a patrol station in the St. Lawrence gulf, and thus set free the cruiser Lancaster, a faster vessel, for cruis ing work in the Atlantic. Heavens Open; Rains Descend; Gauge Rises Blessed rain on the Salt river watershed . thrust the pointer in the Roosevelt dam's little tin indicator some fraction of a foot upward, yes terday, and the wise hydrographer, after using a slide rule and a book of logarithms decided that the water bank was richer by 1,607 acre feet. The day before, the gain started, registering 495 acre .feet. Heavy rains on the mountains northeast of the dam were responsi ble for the Salt flowing 66,600 miners' inches night before last, and nearly that much yesterday morning. Rains UNITED STATES STEAMERS LINE Administration Bill for In corporation of Company, to Own and Operate Steamers Introduced in the House. UNCLE SAM AS . BIG STOCKHOLDER Government Would Sub scribe for Fifty-One Per Cent of Stock and Sell Panama Bonds to Finance Immense Project. ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON. August 24. An r.dministration bill for tho incorpora tion of a 110,000,000 company to own and operate ocean steamers under the supervision of a shipping board composed of the president, the sec retary of the treasury, the secretary of commerce and the postmaster gen eral, was introduced in the house to day by Representative Alexander. The government would subscribe for not less than 51 per cent of the stock bv appropriation. Ships would be bought by the sale of $30,000,000 of Panama canal bonds. The presi dent reiterated his determination to urge the ship purchase plan and said he expected it would be in op eration within two or three weeks. Under the bill the government is ex cluded from coastwise trade. The report that he had considered the advisability of abandoning the project, the president said, was with out foundation. That private capital has shown no indication of a desire to act unless the government guar anteed the securities, he declared, merely made it necessary for the government to take the initiative. The president believes the govern ment will be able to develop new trade routes and make the project desirable to private capital, and to meet that possibility the bill would provide for the sale of the govern ment's stock in the company at any time the shipping board deemed that advisable. Other plans for fostering Ameri can shipping made little progress. The war risk bill yhich has al ready passed the senate, was halted in the house by failure of the rules committee to get a quorum. Representative Alexander later in troduced a bill to authorize a special rule for the immediate consideration of the measure with debate limited to one hour. An effort will be made to get action on it. tomorrow. The new opening of an American registry for foreign built craft on modified terms, the first emergency measure passed since the outbreak of the European war, awaited the president's decision as to the suspen sion of certain sections of navigation laws. Advices, however, came to the officials today that the fleets of the Standard Oil company, the United Fruit company and the United States Steel corporation would come under American registry. The administration bill for the or ganization of a federal steamship company provides that the shares shall be worth $100 each, the corpor ation may begin business as soon as 51 pep cent of the stock has been subscribed and all not subscribed by the public will be taken by the government. DYNAMITE BUILDINGS Germans Hope to Hamper Attacking Floats ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH TSING TAU, August 24. Germans dvnamited all the tallest structures here which would be of any assis tance to the attacking fleet in giv ing them sighting points. They also destroyed railroad bridges at the boundary of their leased territory, and razed Chinese buildings within the territory. The inhabitants were partially compensated. o WEATHER TODAY 1 A3SOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, August 24. For Arizona: Local showers in the north. reported in the Verde country did not become apparent during daylight yesterday, but a flood is expected. If this materializes, or if the Salt continues in a good generous mood, Vrigation Superintendent Oro Mc Ocrmith will order water distributed o B and C lands. Rain on the southside yesterday washed out a large hunk of work on the Western canal and put a few quarter sections three feet undev water. Roads about Cashion were completely bogged under by a comer of the same downpour. Cave Creek wash contributed, its little mite.