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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, August 27, 1914, Image 4

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lit ill Arizona Republican's Editorial Page ill
The Arizona Republican
Published by
The Only Paper In Arizona Published Every Day In
the Tear. Only Morning Paper in Phoenix.
Dwight B. Heard President and Manager
Charles A. Stauffer Business Manager
Garth W. Cate Assistant Business Manager
J. W. Spear Editor
Ira H. S. Huggett : City Editor
Exclusive Morning Associated Press Dispatches.
Office, Corner Second and Adams Streets.
sintered at the Postofflce at Phoenix, Arizona, aa Mall
Matter of the Second Class.
Address all communications to THE ARIZONA REPUB
LICAN. Phoenix. Arizona,
Business Office 421
City Editor 433
Daily, one month, in advance . f .75
Dally, three months, in advance 2.00
Daily, six months, in advance 4.00
Dally, one year, in advance g.00
Sundays only, by mali .. ... 2.50
We Germans fear God, but noth
ing else in the world.
Convicts on Public Work
Governor Hunt is being attacked by his political
opponents and is being praised by his political
friends for having decided to withdraw convicts from
the roads and other public work to make room for
men out of employment. The enemies of the gov
wnor see in his decision a very apparent political
trick. His friends regard it as a philanthropic mani
festation. We are inclined to believe that the gov
ernor should be the subject of neither censure nor
The governor Is too astute a politician to be
lieve that on the very eve of the primaries a de
cision, that ought to have been reached long before,
could do him a great deal of good. There are many
men in Arizona who have not been sent to the peni
tentiary who are out of work and who need it more
than the convicts do. For that matter, ever since
the governor set the convicts at work, more than
three years ago, there have been many men who
needed employment. We have been informed by
laboring men that last winter there were 400 free
and unconvicted citizens in Phoenix alone who were
without work or the means of living. It is right
now that preference should be given by the state
to such citizens, and it was right then and has been
right ever since convicts were set at the work that
unemployed citizens should have had.
The employment of the convicts was only a fad
in the beginning, an unprofitable if not an expensive
one. It was, perhaps, not the expectation of the gov
ernor that the employment of the convicts would be
of any advantage to the taxpayers. It was a part
of the governor's uplift plan. He believed that it
would be better for the convicts to work on the
roads and bridges than to remain in idleness in the
prison. Whether or not this uplifting effect has been
accomplished, we cannot say, but.it has been amply
demonstrated that as a financial expedient it has
not ' been profitable. The governor, therefore, de
serves neither praise nor censure for abandoning it.
He would, however, be deserving of severe censure
by both the taxpayers and the laboring men of' the
state if, after the primaries or the general election,
tie should put the convicts in the place of free labor
ers again.
Fatally Mixed Military Plane
- It is not necessary that one should be a military
expert to see one reason at least why the allies were
defeated by the Germans in the first great battle.
It is a reason at the same time why the allies could
not "have hoped to avoid defeat. In the "explana
tory" dispatches of the French on Monday, It was
stated that the attack upon the German front was
made after having taken precautions against a
Mishap. French Ambassador Jusseraud on Tuesday
said: "In view of possible failure, we chose a cer
tain line of defense and on that line We stand. It
was the offensive which failed, -but we knew it might
fail and provided our line of occupation." The
French military commander, after having laid such
plans, should have known not only that they might
fail, but that they certainly would fail. No army
can fight when it enters into the fight with a thought
of retreating. An individual cannot fight effectively "
when he is looking back over his shoulder for a way
to make his escape.
General Grant was the ablest commander In of
fensive operations this country has ever produced.
His battle plans were arranged frequently with
seeming recklessness and want of preparation ' for
contingencies. Members of his staff remonstrated
with him on the eve of Pittsburg Landing. In case
of defeat, they told him, transports for recrosslng
the Tennessee were inadequate. Grant replied: "We
do not Intend to recross the river. But if .'we are
fcrced to cross it, there will be enough transports
for all that will be left of us." Grant was surprised
by. General A. S. Johnston and was forced back to
the river, but he did not cross. A crushing; defeat
was administered to the confederates at Shiloh.
We can easily believe that another commander
who would have taken the precaution to provide
sufficient transports and who would have been sur- -lirised
by so able a general as Johnston and driven
to the rlejpr, would have "made use of his transports
and Shiloh would not have been fought and won.
Napoleon, who aiomst invariably attacked, and
usually with numerically Inferior forces, seems never
to have made any arrangement for the contingency of
defeat. His genius was employed in devising means
of going forward and not backward; in preparing to
reap the fruits of victory rather than In plans to
extricate himself from the wreckage, of defeat.'
The reckless military leader may produce dis
aster. The over-cautious leader is certain to pro
duce futility,' and .futility in the end is disaster.
. A Graham county citizen died of grief or by
suicide ' the other day. He had been brooding over
the loss of $2500 in a poker game at Bowie three
weeks before. Arizona has no gambling. We mean
It has an anti-gambling law. '
The Price of Wool, Etc.
We are not defending Schedule K of the Payne
Aldrich law which even President Taft admitted was
indefensible. But we believe that the Copper Era
is finding fault with it on improper grounds when
it shows with some jubilation that wool is two cents
higher under the present tariff law than it was under
the iniquitous Schedule K of the old law. To pro
claim that the higher price of wool is traceable to
reduced duties is subversive of the democratic con
tention that the old tariff law had much, if not all,
to do with the high cost of living.
Events beyond the operation of tariff laws are
fixing or have fixed the prices of wool and many
other commodities. The Balkan war, for instance,
made it unnecessary for the present to legislate
regarding the price of wool, which would be about
the same in this country now under a prohibitive
tariff law as it would be under free trade.
Likewise, by reason of the general European
war, many of the schedules of our present tariff law
will be dead letters for many months to come.
As Paris next winter will probably not be at
tractive to the tourists who have flocked there in
the past, the Tucson chamber of commerce is ad
vertising the desirability of that town as a center
of pleasure. Tucson may lack some of the attrac
tions of Paris, but it has something to offer in the
way of climate that Paris never had, even when
there were not so many Germans about as contem
plate enjoying the hospitality of that gay capital
next winter.
The Prince of Monaco wants to engage in the
war, not as a nation, but as an individual. If he
could be turned loose against the German army with
his roulette wheel and other devices, the kaiser would
have to stop hostilities for lack of funds.
We suppose the Austrian declaration of war
against Japan was made only for the purpose of keep
ing the record straight.
(Chicgao Evening Post.)
War is cutting off from our manufacturers a
thousand and one important ingredients made
abroad. .
The fact should be an immediate summons to
AmeTican ingenuity.
We should turn our immense reserve of capital,
energy and organization to producing these things
for ourselves. We should not close our factories
mournfully -and say that we cannot continue busi
ness. . - '
We have met just this crisis in the past and
built up great industries simply because we had
to do sq for our own preservation.
The civil war suddenly cut off the New Or
leans grain market from the' northwest. At onee
the route of shipment shifted. Chicago, during all
four years of the war, handled 20.000,000 bushels
of grain annually on its way between East and
Europe had to have our grain during that era
because of her crop failures. And, despite the
drain of war, we gave it to her and developed
mightily our own strength in so doing.
This city was established as the world's grain
market, as it, is today.
For Illinois the president of the State Agricul
tural Society in 1864 thus summed up the industrial
result of the war period:
"Observe that this state and this people of
Illinois are making more rapid progress in popula
tion than in any former period; then realize, if you
can, that, all this is occurring and has occured in
the midst of a war the most stupendous ever pros
ecuted among men."
Before the war Chicago's stockyards had been
getting their immense supplies of salt from Vir
ginia fields or from importations at New Orleans.
War cut off this supply. At once neglected salt
wells along the Saginaw river in Michigan were de
veloped until they were producing 500,000 barrels
a year.
Our packers used this near-home supply. And,
incidentally, along the twenty-three miles of the
Saginaw river the thriving towns of Saginaw and
Bay City were created.
This was a case when need stimulated us Into
appreciation and use of overlooked opportunities at
our own door.
It is a fact, indeed, that our whole packing su
premacy was- established by the war. St. Louis,
Cincinnati and ' Louisville, our rivals in this indus
try, were simply eliminated by the closing of the
And Chicago not only for her own sake but for
the sake of the country rose to meet the demanas
thus laid upon her to furnish meat to the nation.
War made us take advantage of unappreciated
inventions. The West did not use harvesting ma
chinery before 1860. The scythe and "cradle" were
the implements of the harvest.
War took the young farmers from the fields,
and the. West filled their places by buying thous
ands of the theretofore rather despised reapers. As
a result our crop production went up instead of
War stimulated Invention. The armies had to
have shoes. The could not be made rapidly
enough In . the little shoemaldng shops, L. R.
-Blake invented the machine which sewed the up
pers to the soles, and raised shoe production one
hundredfold per day.
- The same Influence worked in other lines of
endeavor. . ; -.
"More patents," says Emerson D. Fite In his
work on civil war industrial conditions, "were is
sued in the height of the war in the North alone
than ever before in the whole Union.
- "The period of prolonged war, with Its ardent
national -pride, scarcity of labor, abnormally active
production and the creation of new industries,
stimulated effectiveness to the highest pitch. In
ventors had never before found such high in
centives." . "
" Today the fact that some eastern factories of
highly manufactured products are putting their
men on half time shows that we are feeling the
loss of our imports.
Tet we are not now subject to the actual -drain
of war as we were in the '60s. We have an im
mensely more powerful commercial machinery to
direct toward the weak spots thus . suddenly de
veloped In our manufacturing structure.
We should at once proceed to develop the yet
undeveloped resources of this continent; we should
foster invention; we should pick up the. little home
industries which, have faded because their products
could be obtained more cheaply or more conven
iently abroad; we should direct every effort to
stand upon our own manufacturing foundation.
- This done, we shall find ourselves at the war's
end with a tremendous national gain wherewith to
offset our share in the world's payment for this
Scene of the Great Gathering of Shriners
y ' mi. ,
ft - v- ,sa : ;
. uc 1';- 'jSf&i-v- . y K
Sleep Party Loyalty
ruuxrLrLrunjnjAAfrtfVvvvv-.-'V-i-i-i--i-i- - -- -- -- -----
T n-n ... mr.u. tlrtd Hilt QtlH find K1frh U'flilp
yet awake, -There's no use living any more, life's
such a grievous fake. It's nothing but a round of
toil and tears and things like those; my heart is
sorer than a boil, I have so many woes.' While
grumbling thus f start to snore until the bedsprings
rock and then, for seven hours or more, I sleep
around a block. Ah, far and wide my snores are
flung, till wakeful neighbors yell; I learned to
sleep when I was young, my tutors taught me well.
For seven hours, or maybe nine, I sleep with ardent
zeal; then, in this withered heart of mine, new
energy I feel. I murmur, as I don my rags, "How
foolish is despair! I don't indorse those dismal
wags who say that life's a snare. I'm glad that I
have work to do, and, wish I had some more; I'll
gayly toil the long, day through, enjoying every
chore. I feel as fresh and free from aches as Adam
ere his fall; bring on your wildcats and your
snakes, and I shall whip them all!" Oh, sleep! It
is the only dope that's never known to fall, that
brings new courage, faith and hope, when man is
tired and stale.
(Chicago Evening Post)
On the edges of war come victories of peace
which are admirable enough to make the great
tragedy grow dimmer for a moment.
England is in peril. For the first time in all
the story, of centuries past Ireland rises and throws
her united aid to the country that has misunder
stood and oppressed her. In the house of com
mons John Redmond offers to the Sassenach the
Nationalist volunteers, and guarantees that every
redcoat may be withdrawn from his island. Sir
Edward Carson makes the same offer in behalf of
Protestant Ulster.
Think what this means. Irish troops have
fought against England from Fontenoy down to
the Boer war.
Look, too, to Italy. The stan.chness with which
King Victor Emanuel has held his country neu
tral is a fine tribute to the real solidity of the
Italian nation. The people will not go to war in
behalf of Austria, and the king feels himself bound
to follow their desire in this crisis.
Democracy and peace win a victory.
Norway and Sweden have shaken hands under
the pressure of events. They have formally agreed
not to war ovith one another, no matter how they
may be forced to turn in the course of events.
They ought to make this bond for all time. Broth
erhood' prevails.
Holland is making itself a hospital and supply
station for all the countries around. Portugal is
displaying her readiness to come to help in all
ways short of war the British Empire, to which
she owes so historic a debt. Gratitude appears on
the checkerboard of politics.
And it does not do nowadays to count the small
nations as unimportant factors in the struggle.
Belgium has shown what a small nation can do.'
Canada's gift to England of 1,000,01)0 sacks of
flour is another heartening happening. It shows
pity and brotherhood.
The great gift for the Red Cross from Ger
mans and Austrians in the United JJtates is an
other sign of the stirring of those higher qualities
which seem so inconsistent with war.
It Is a black lookout over the world today. But
upon the peaks, here and there, we may see the
flaTe of the white light of that human civilization
which last : week seemed trampled out in complete
The successful farmer has to be sharp as a
raHser. Lippincott's. ,
immense destruction. And the world will be glad
-to take the service which we can offer her.
'-' Let our business men look back to the way in
which their fathers met the manufacturing crisis .
in the war of the rebellion.
What man has done man can do. ,
Author of "At Good Old Siwash"
-- -- -- -''"---" - - -i-i-i-.-,-.-ii-m.njT rmnru-Lruinnnj
Party loyalty is the glue which binds the voter
to the politician. It is the chief stock-in-trade of
the latter. Without party loyalty he would be as
helpless as a mason without mortar. Whenever a
politician's voters drop off of him he ia a gone
gosling and has to spend the rest of his life work
ing. Therefore party loyalty means more to the
politician than the ten commandments or the con- .
stitution or Roberts' rules of order. He can get
along without all of these, but without party loyalty
he can't make the voters stick to him while he
fixes conventions, ignores platforms and does hu-
Gooo of iwe -P.iy
morous things with the Deciara'tion of Independence.
The politician uses party loyalty as a cement,
but the voter uses it as a substitute for brains. If
a voter has enough party loyalty he can get along
without thinking at all. This is a great convenience
for the voter hut it is an even greater blessing for
the politician who is using his party for revenue
only, and who would be sadly bothered if all the
voters insisted on doing their own thinking before
Party loyalty holds the party together in ad
versity and enables it to sweep gloriously to vic
tory later on. Sometimes it sweeps to victory like
a crusader's vessel and sometimes like a pirate
ship, but the man who is afflicted with party loy
alty doesn't care how it cruises, just so it gets
.The man who has party loyalty in its paresis
state believes that no man in his own party can be
bad and that no man in another party can be very
good, lie knows the difference between right and
wrong, but believes 4hat whatever wrong his party
does is right. He hates wickedness and graft, but
uiAvxivxfvxn.ravTj-iri.nnAnri-i-i-i- -i-i-i-
mean. It's worth knowing about, and we have a
book on the subject by Coburn of Kansas which we will gladly loan
The Phoenix
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and successfully giving com
plete abstracts, with. a force
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YOU can get just what you
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and Trust Co.
18 North First Avenue.
there is one greater sin than those not voting the
straight ticket.
If we had less party loyalty in this country we
could have a great deal more national loyalty, and
the smooth grafters who edged into control of a
party could have that party to themselves.
In the September American Magazine a man
who has been married twenty-five years writes "A
Husband's . Story" in which he relates the exper
iences he and his wife had in bringing up their
children.. As is the habit - with fathers and moth
ers they made all sort of plans for their children,
most of which .. were never realized because the
children, as is usual, took affairs intq their own
hands and made and executed their own plans. On
the futility of trying to arrange things for yoru
children the author says in conclusion:
"So all our planning for the children merely
served to prove, that it is futile to strive to ar
range the lives of others,' and that the function
of the parent is chiefly advisory- Nor were we
much disappointed at the failure of our plans.
After all, what we sought was their happiness and
welfare, and that they found them in ways other
than those we devised makes little difference.
"So ' my wife and I are left alone in the cage.
With the flight of each fledgling I felt her com
ing closer and closer to me. She 'bosses' me too
much even now, and makes too much fuss over
me when my feet are wet; but otherwise she is
as perfect as she was when a bride."
De Wolf Hopper, whose name will ever be as
sociated with "Casey at the Bat," is something of
a batsman himself when it comes to a game of
At a dinner party he had finished his speech,
and as he sat down a lawyer arose, shoved his
hands deep into his trousers pockets as was his
habit and laughingly inquired.
"Doesn't it strike this company as a little un
usual that a professional comedian should be
When the laughter that greeted this sally had
subsided, De Wolf Hopper drawled out:
'Doesn't it strike this company as a little un
usual that a lawyer should have his hands in his
own pockets?" The Popular Magazine.
"You have your father's eyes," declared grand
ma, looking earnestly at the young girl.
"And you have your mother's hair."
"No, . this is sister's hair," faltered the girl.
"And she said I could borrow it." Kansas City
ta ww....---- --.-.-.
It has been determined by experiment that the feed
ing of silage increases the milk flow from 10 to 30
per cent. . Think what even a 10 per cent, increase
from all the cows of the Salt River Vallev would
National Bank

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