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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, August 28, 1914, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84020558/1914-08-28/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL. XXV. NO. 102
e rnrfhVA7 or
Even Such News as Sink
ing of German Steamer
Kaiser "Wilhelm Der
Grosse Pales Before Bat
tle Now Raging
Impenetrable Silence as Far
as Concerns Outer World
Attends the Dual Engage
ments Known to Be Now
Going On
(Associated Press Dispatch)
LONDON, Aug. 27. A
conflict of millions appears
at last to be in progress.
Even such news as the sink
ing of the German steamer
Kaiser Wilhelm Der Grosse
pales beside the titanic bat
tle evidenced by the tribute
of Joffre, the French com
mander-in-chief, to British
arms and the realization
that the allies are fighting
to block the road to Paris
with the Germans, hardlv
farther awav than New
York is from Philadelphia.
And in the meantime the
jiuooiano aic uiaxu., utoici
to Berlin With a miirhtViwhich btn e and I would deplore.
Not even durinsr the first 1
trrpflt strncplp hptwppn "Ell-1 The British ambassador went to
gieat Struggle DdWeen -U-!the Germaa f0reign office again the
rope and Asia On the far same afternoon and informed the
"Mflnfllllrinn islands was ni, 'secretary of state that unless the im-
Auancnurian lsianas was an la, government could give
enOnnOUS battle fOUght m ance by 12 o'clock that night that
stu-li imnpNiptrablp silpnrp fis'they wo,uld Proceed no further with
sucn impenetraDie suence as . the riolation of the Beigian frontier
far aS Concerns the OUter land stop their advance, he had been
world Onlv the vaguest! instructe1 t0 3emand his passports
U1U,r,, 7 1 ,and inform the imperial government
generalities have been given that his majesty's government had
the neonle of Great Britain ' ukea a11 steps in its power t0 uPnold
Xlie ptopie Ol UUdl OilUim . tra, Belgium and the observance
and 1 ranCC by the rCSpeC- of the treaty to which Germany was
tive governments. . Prob- 33 much a party as Great Brtain-
i "Herr Von Jagow," says the re-
ably the German people 'port, -replied that to his great re
know little more Of What ret he would give no answer other
... . ,. , than which he gave earlier in the
their armies are accomplish- day, namely, that the safety of the
illg. The British public empire rendered it absolutely neces
o . i. r 'sary that the imperial troops should
Omy kill) V o lllctl tt UtllUU t
iiv I
Former Ambassador Reports
LONDON, Aug. 27. The British
foreign office issued in the form of
a white paper tonight, the report of
Sir William Goschen, former ambas
sador to Berlin, on the rupture of
diplomatic relations with Germany.
The report dated August 8, says that
in accordance with instructions on
August 4 from Sir Edward Grey,
secretary of state for foreign affairs,
the ambassador called on th German
secretary of state, Gottlieb Von Ja
gow. He inquired whether German
would refrain from violating the Bel
gian neutrality. ' .
"Herr Von Jagow," the report con
tinues, "at once replied that he was
sorry to say his answer must be
'no' as in consequence of the Ger
man troops having crossed the fron-
t . d.i: ...,ll!t
ST'aZ. ' .7 Zi1
nucouy now ' v o - . -
again went into the reasons why the
Imperial government had been oblig
ed to take this step, namely, that
they had to advance to France by
the quickest and easiest way, so as
to be able -to get well ahead with
operations and endeavor to . strike
some decisive blow as early as pos
sible. "It was a matter of life or death
for them, as if they had gone by the
more southern route they could not
Kaiser Wilhelm
Is Sunk By
associated press dispatch
LONDON, Aug. 27. The Kaiser
Wilhelm Der Grosse was sunk off
the west coast of Africa by the Bri
tish cruiser High Flier. Winston
Spencer Churchill, first lord admiral
ty, announced the sinking of the Wil
helm in the house of commons. He
"The admiralty has received intel
ligence, that the German armed mer
chant cruiser Wilhelm of 14,000 tons,
armed with ten four-inch guns has
been sunk by the High Flier off the
west coast of Africa. This vessel,
which has been Interfering with traf
fic between this country and the
a rnuhn
Paris Is Preparing To
Withstand Possible Siege
PARTS, August , 27. Paris, it is of
ficially announced, is preparing for
a possible siege. The matter was
discussed by the new minister of
war, Alexandre Millerand, with the
subordinates of his department, and
steps were taken to determine the
exact measures necessary to place
the city in a state to withstand at
tack and invasion.
An official bulletin issued from the
war office says:
"In the Vosges district our troops
today resumed the offensive, and
diove back the Germans who yester
day forced them to retire on Saint
Die Sied. The Germans yesterday
bombarded Saint Die, which is an
unfortified town."
. An army aviator, a lieutenant and
assistant, whose names are sup
have hoped in view of the paucity
of the roads and the strength of the
fortresses to have gone through with
out formidable opposition, entailing
great loss of time. This loss of time
would mean time gained by the Rus
sians for bringing up their troops to
the German frontier. Rapidity of
action was the great German asset,
while that of Russia was an Inex
haustible supply of troops.
"I pointed out to Herr Von Jagow
that this violation of the Belgian
frontier rendered, as he would read
ily understand, the situation exceed
ingly grave, and I asked him whether
'there still was not time to draw
.back and avoid possible consequences
! he had given me it was now impossi-
tie for him to draw back.-
advance through Belgium.
"I gave his excellency a written sum
mary of your telegram and pointing
out that you had mentioned 12 o'clock
as the time when bis majesty's govern
ment would expect an answer, asked
him whether, in view of the terrible
consequences which would necessarily
ensue, it was not possible, even. at the
last moment, that their answer should
be reconsidered. He replied that if the
time given was even twenty-four hours
or more, his answer must be the same.
"The ambassador then went to see
'the imperial chancellor. Dr. Von Beth-
man-Hollweg, and he found him very
"The chancellor," says the report.
"began a harangue, which lasted about'
twenty mlnuW. He said the step tak
en by Great Britain was terrible to a
degree. Just for a word, 'neutrality,'
a word which in war time had been so
often disregarded; Just for a scrap of-
Daner. Great Britain was going to
i fo?"
make war on a kindred nation who de-
sired nothing better than to be friends
with her. AH his efforts in that di
rection had been rendered useless by
this last terrible step, and the policy,
to which I knew he had devoted him
self since his accession to office, tum
bled down like a house of cards.
"What we had done was unthinkable.
It was like striking a man from behind
while he was fighting for his life
against two assailants. He held Great
(Continued on Page Eight)
Der Grosse
British Cruiser
Cape, is one of the very few German
armed auxiliary cruisers which has
succeeded In getting to sea."
The survivors landed before the
vessels met The High Flier had one
killed and five wounded. The of
ficial war information bureau an
nounced the following message has
been sent by the admiralty to the
captain of the High Flier:
"Bravo. You rendered a service
not only to Great Britain but to the
peaceful commerce of the world. The
German' officers and men appear to
have carried out their duties with
humanity and restraint and therefore
are worthy of seaman-like consideration."
pressed under the rules of war, were
killed in the fall of their machine.
Dr. Alexis Carrel, of the Rockefel
ler Institute, at New York, who is
in charge of the hospital at Lyons,
has written to Frederic R. Coudert
here the following letter:
"French wounded arriving here
daily are in good condition. They
have no fever and the manner in
which their wounds are dressed and
the state of the wounds prove that
the surgical service at the front
works in splendid good order.
"A great number of German
wounded are also arriving here. They
receive exactly the same care and
attention as the French. It seems
certain that the German method of
dressing wounds is not so good as
the French method, because most of
their wounds are infected.
President in No Hurry to
Have Bill Passed Giving
I. C. C. Regulative Power
Over Issuance of Rail
road Securities
WASHINGTON, August 27. The
president let it be known that there
will be no insistence upon the pass
ago at this session of a bill authoriz
ing the Interstate commerce commis j
sion to regulate the issuance of rail
road securities.
In congress this was taken as an
assurance that the measure will not
be considered further at this time.
administration leaders contenting
themselves with the federal trade
commission bill and the Clayton bill
to supplement the Sherman law to
complete the anti-trust legislative
It is probable that a democratic
caucus will be held in the near future
to revise the legislative program.
With railroad securities legislation
eliminated, it is predicted that the
conferences on trust legislation could
complete their work in two" weeks
further and that war emergency le
gislation, including the revenue meas
ure, will be disposed of in a month.
By October 1 the necessary busi
ness of congress will be concluded.
Whether there will , be adjournment
then, leaders agree, will depend upon
conditions in Europe. Administra
tion senators entrusted with the
Clayton bill were accused today of
emasculating the measure and caus
ing great rejoicing among trust
magnates. Senator Clapp declared
that when the "trust barons view the
process they will think the measure
has been treated in a Sunday school
conference instead of in a legislative
body." The attack followed the adop
tion of amendments striking out pro
visions for jail sentences for violat
ors . of prohibitions against holding
companies and the purchase of sup
plies by railroads from corporations
with common directors or officers.
Members of the judiciary commit
tee explained that as the prohibi
tions of these sections were indef
inite it was best to allow the trade
commission to enforce Its provisions
ty injunctions. They also urged un
der another section , that personal
guilt should be fastened upon of
ficers of corporations violating the
Senator Clapp declared that the
effective language of the house had
been stricken out and language put
in that limited personal guilt to the
provisions of the Sherman' anti -trust
law that already provided for crim
inal punishment. . He wanted the
personal guilt section extended to
the provision of the Clayton anti
trust bill but it was defeated by 31
to 18.
"My heart ached for the oppor
tunity to vote to. put trus magnates
in jail," commented Senator Martins.
"My prediction fs that the people
will not hold this body guiltless of
salving over the sins of magnates.'
Senator Culbertson, in charge of
the bill, sought unsuccessfully to get
an agreement to limit debate after
Saturday to fifteen minute speeches.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 27. The pres
ident .issued a proclamation of neu
trallty, recognizing a state of war be
tween Japan and. Austro-Hungary,
similar to preceding proclamations.
(Associated Press Dispatch)
PARIS, Aug. 27. Alexandre Millerand, who became minister of war of the new
cabinet formed last night, today addressed the following letter to General Joffre,
commander-in-chief of the French army: .
'My Dear General: On assuming the ministry of war, I wish as my first act to
send to troops under your command and their chiefs the confidence of the govern
ment of the republic and the country. France is assured of victory because she is
resolved to get it.
"Following your example and that of your armies, France will maintain until the
end cahn self-control with the earnest hope of success. Subject to the iron dis
cipline, which is the law of strength of the armies, the whole nation is rising in de
fense of its soil and liberties and has accepted resolutely ' every ordeal, even the
most cruel.
"Patient, tenacious and strong in its right, sure of its will, it will hold. fast. I
give you accolade." : . . ,
Millerand will meet with other officials of the war office every morning for con
sideration of developments every possible phase in connection with the entrench
ment of a camp, such as the capital will become.
The government is taking precautions to send most of the wounded to southern
and Avestern France, and a few to Paris.
Refugees from Belgium and 'northern France are not permitted to remain here.
This city is simply a Avay station towards the southern and western towns. Amer
icans and other foreigners in the capital are beginning to understand their presence
in this city will not be desirable.
Reported Success of Ger
man Anns Finds Reflec
tion in Advance in Amer
ican Exchange and Ef
forts at Reduction
NEW YORK, Aug. 27. Foreign ad
vices exercised a depressing influence
at this financial center today. The re
ported further success of the German
arms found reflection in another ad
vance in exchange. Few long bills
were offered, But local banks were in
close touch with their London and
Paris correspondents, endeavoring to
increase the supply and effect a re
sultant decline in the rates.
Negotiations for the opening of ered-
its by Austria, Italy and Switzerland
were again under way today, but no
headway was made, so far as learned.
Despite denials in high quarters it is
believed that a syndicate of bankers
is in the process of organization for
the purchase of some Grman ships
now lying in this and other harbors.
Taking some of the reports at face
value, the war is stimulating various
branches of American trade. Apart
from the demand from South America,
dispatches from Chicago, the eoulh
and other points suggest a gfowin? in
quiry for manufactured products, in
cluding steel and iron, with large or
ders for oil and cut lumber.
Mora railroads are lifting the em
bargo on foodstuffs recently declared
at Louisville and Texas ports. There
was more sensational trading in wheat
and corn at Chicago,, with general re
cessions at the close. It is regarded
as significant that seaboard shippers
paid the highest prices recorded today.
and aomestic handlers were content to
wait for the subsidence of the excite
The receivership for the Interna
tional Pump company occasioned little
surprise. The company's affairs have
been a matter of common knowledge,
but the close was hastened by the
war. Another gain of cash by the lo
cal banks was indicated by the move
ment to date.i Payments by these in
stitutions to the sub-treasury were
more than offset by the receipts from
the Interior.
Quoted rates for money were un
changed, with a minimum of dealings.
The committee of foreign exchange ex
perts which is trying to straighten out
the tangle in the foreign exchange
market expressed the opinion it is in
expedient to settle any maturities un
der letters of credit covering accep
tance prior to August.
Also in Wheat Pit
CHICAGO, August 27. The war
was again reflected in the wheat pit
by an excited advance in prices, in
the course of which May wheat sold
at $1.25 the highest in four years
and 33 cents a bushel over the price
just before the start of the big Euro
pean struggle. Various options at
their best were from 3 to 5 high
er than they were when the market
closed yesterday. The purchase of
small lots was sufficient to boost the
price a penny at a leap. The aggre
gate or the business was small.
. 0 ; .. 1
, WASHINGTON, Aug. 27 Count von
Bernstorff. the German ambassador ar
rived in Washington today from New
York, after spending the summer In
Germany. -He gave immediate atten
tion to the censorship which has been
imposed by the American government
upon the German owned wireless sta
tion at Sayville, L. I. "
NEW YORK, August 27. Fred-
erlck Palmer, the well . known
j war correspondent, has been des
I ignated to represent the Asso-
ciated Press with the British
j forces on the continent of Eur-
ope. Since he is the only Ameri-
can correspondent permitted . by
the British war office to take the
field, his services necessarily will
be shared by and associated with j
all the news associations of this
Dirigible Method
Is Described By
English Refugee
LONDON, Aug. 27. The method
used by Zeppelin airships in dropping
bombs has been described as follows
by an English refugee, who has Just
arrived here from Belgium:
"The dirigible hovers over its ob
jective at sufficient altitude to
keep it out of range of the enemy's
guns. At the same time it .lowers a
steel cage attached to a steel wire
rope, 2000 or 3000 feet long. This
cage is divided into compartments erg declined ,t0 arbitrate, hence he dis
and carries one man whose duty it OBA, . hA isEn frnm h(, rmlnit. en-
is to throw down bombs. The cage
1H ftuini.-iei.ny Bl.u..B i 1 ,1,c
fire against it ineffective. Because of
its small size and because of the
fact that it is kept constantly in mo
tion, it is very difficult for heavy
guns to hit It."
Membin of New Union Meet Little
BUTTE. August 27. Following the
closing of the Anaconda mine this
morning, members of the Butte Mino
Workers' union tonight marched to
the St. Lawrence mine and found all
men working to - be wearing buttons
of their union.
The miners were surprised when
they found all workmen wearing
buttons of their union. They march
ed back to the city where a monster
demonstration was held, the miners,
four abreast, parading through the
city and shouting for the new or
ganization. The men again marched
on the Anaconda mine tonight, but
the mine was found to be still closed.
Miners have been flocking to the
headquarters of the new union to en
roll as a result of the marches on
(Associated Press Dispatch)
LONDON, Friday; Aug.
28. The British press bu
reau this morning gave out
the following statement:
"French war operations
over a distance, of some 250
miles have necessitated cer
tain changes in the position
of our troops, who are now
occupying strong lines to
meet the German advance,
and are supported by the
French army on both flanks.
"The morale of both
armies appears to be excel
lent, and there is little doubt
but that they will give good
accounts of themselves in
the, positions thev now
Conditions in Sunset State
Very Bad for Two Past
Years Preacher Refused
to Keep Silent at Request
of Merchants
inquiry into the Stockton labor, dis
turbances was completed today by the
federal industrial relations commis
sion. The subject of seasonal labor
was entered upon. As final witness
in the Stocktop investigation, Rev. J.
W. Byrd of that city related how he
clashed with members of the Mer
chants, Manufacturers and Employers'
esociation over a sermon he proposed
to deliver on lab--r troubles loca'.iy. He
declined to be si'etit on the 'juji;-..t, ns
the employers requested him to do, he
testified, unless they agreed to arbi
trate with the workmen. The employ-
j dorsing the stand of union iabor. Dr.
! Charleton Parker, executive secretary
of the commission on emigration and
housing, testified as to seasonal em
ployment that there was a vast army
of men out of work in the winter time.
Conditions were bad in the state last
year, he said, and recent inquiry con
vinced him that they would be worse
during the coming winter. He esti
mated at from 35,000 to 40.000 as the
seasonal labor "lineup" here every
winter. Los Angeles and Sacramento
shelter about 10,000 and 4000 respec
tively during the same period. Many
of these men, he declared, are unable
to find any kind of employment outside
of seasonal labor.
"The gravest danger the state faces,"
he said, "is the irregular character of
employment in the agricultural dis
tricts. We must find work for sea
sonal labcr." -
Out of 641 seasonal labor camps of
various kinds investigated In this state
by his organization, the witness said
188 were reported "bad." Some con
tractors' camps, he declared, were
"filthy; evil and dangerous beyond de
scription." No sanitary arrangements suggest
ed by the investigators were adopted
in all Oirapa, except two, he said. Batn
lng is not practiced universally by hdp
field employes," according to E. Clem
ens Horst, a large employer of this
class of labor. His company has pro
vided bathing facilities for its em
ployes for many years, he testified.
"Ten years ago nobody used our bath
houses," he said. "Now more em
ployes are bathing and in another year
Move To Release Mexicans
Held At American Posts
WASHINGTON, Aug. 27. Negotia
tions are about completed for the re
lease of 5000 Mexican soldiers and
camp followers who for many months
have been interned at Fort Wingate,
N. M., and Roscrans, Calif. Provi
sional President Carranza has guar
anteed safety Of the refugees and it
is expected that in a few days
American soil will be rid of these
visitors whose presence cost some
thing like $25,000 per day.
Most of the refugees are former
federal soldiers who with their camp
followers crossed into Texas follow
ing General Villa's decisive victory at
Ojinaga. Of these more than 3000
were first interned at Fort Bliss near
sYn Official Announcement
Says Events in the North
Have Neither Imperiled
Nor Modified Plans About
the Vosges and Nancy
PARIS, Aug. 28. An official state
ment tonight says:
"Events yesterday jn the region of
the north have neither Imperilled nor
modified the arrangements made in
view of the future developments of
operations in the region between
Vosges and Nancy. Our troops con
tinue to progress. In the region be
tween Vosges and Nancy our offen
sive movement has continued unin
terruptedly five days. The German
losses have been considerable; 250O
bodies were found on the front,, three
kilometers southeast of ' Nancy and
forty-five bodies on the front four
kilometers from Vitrimony. Longwy,
a very old fortress, with a garrison
which consisted only Of one battalion.
which has been bombarded since
August 3, capitulated today after
holding out over twenty-four days.
More than half the garrison was
killed and wounded, j
"Lieut. Col. Dareche, governor of
Longwy, has been nominated an of
ficer of the legion or honor for
heroic conduct in the defense of
Longwy. On the Meuse our troops
repulsed with great vigor several
German attacks. A German flag was
The Belgian field army attached
to Namur, and the French regiment
which .supported it have joined our
lines. In the north, the British have
attacked forces greatly superior in
number, but were obliged, after a
brilliant resistance, to withdraw a
little in the rear on their right. Our
armies maintained their positions in
Belgium. The army of Antwerp by
its offensive has drawn off and has
before it several German divisions."
Emperor of Autria-Hunflry Sends
Felicitations to ths German
Ruler '
LONDON, Aug. 29. A German of
ficial wireless dispatch received to
day by the German Marconi wire
less Company follows: .
"Emperor William received the fol
lowing dispatch from the Emperor
of Austria: 'Victory after victory,.
God is with you. He will be with
us also. I most sincerely congratu
late you, dear friend, also those
voung heroes, your son the Crown
Prince and the Crown Prince Du-
brecht, as well as the incomparably
brave German army. Words fail to
express what moves me with me
and wry army in these days of
world's history.'
. o
Secretary Bryan Cable American Em
bassies Urging . Yankees To
WASHINGTON, Aug. J7. Secretary
Bryan today cabled all American em
bassies and legations in Europe to
urge all Americans to leave Europe
without delay.
Secretary Bryan said: . "The war
creates uncertainties, so it Js not wise
for the Americans to delay their return
perhaps they will get used to baths."
The present tariff law contributes to
industrial unrest, Mr. Horst- believes,
despite the fact that the tariff on hops
makes it possible for his line of busi
ness co exist. He explained that he
thought a low tariff increased Impor
tations, thereby decreasing employ
ment for producers in this country
George H. Hecks of Davis, Cal., and
James Mills of The Willows, Cal..
fruit growers, expressed the opinion
that ths state should provide work for
season labor during dull periods.
George Speed, organizer for the I. W.
W, said that the problem of unem
ployment would be solved whenever
laborers organized thoroughly ' and
took over their "unpaid wages." now,
represented by the holdings of capital.
El Paso, Texas. Later they were
removed to Fort Wingate.
Present negotiations provide for
the release of all camp followers and
soldiers below the grade of lieuten
ant. This leaves for future consider
ation the cases of more than a dozen
" New Forces Unruly
VERA CRUZ, Aug. 27. It Is re
ported that after the reopening of
saloons in Mexico City the worst ele
ments of the new forces became un
ruly and the police, who have been
retained from the old regime, fired
into a crowd of constitutionalists.
The latter however, gained the upper
hand, all the police were disarmed
and quiet waa restored.

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