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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, August 28, 1914, Image 4

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PAGE FOUR
THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 28, 1914
lli ill Arizona Republican's Editorial Page H ill
The Arizona, Republican
' Published by
ARIZONA PUBLISHING COMPANY.
The Only Paper In Arizona Published Every Day in
the Tear. Only Morning Paper in Phoenix.
Dwight B. Heard .-. President and Manager
Charles A. Stauffer Business Manager
Garth W. Cate Assistant Business Manager
J. W. Spear Editor
. Ira H. e. Huggett City Editor
Exclusive Morning Associated Press Dispatches. .
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Entered at the Postoffice at Phoenix. Arizona, as Mall
Matter of the Second Class.
Address all communications to THE ARIZONA REFUB
L1CAN. Phoenix. Arizona.
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bundays only, by mail "" 2.50
FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 28, 1914
Ware and rumors of wars.
St. Matthew: XXIV, 6.
Our Proposed Merchant Marine
The law admitting foreign-built ships to reg
ister under the American flag has been effective for
a week, but they have not registered. It was sup-;
posed that many of the German ships engaged in
trade would avail themselves of the law, but the
British and the French have protested against the
acceptance of them or of any other vessels of bel
ligerents, subject to seizure at present, and they
have supported their protest by ancient and estab
lished precedent. The protest also goes against the
purchase by American financiers of ships of bellig
erents, and we suppose it applies, too, to the pur
chase of vessels of belligerents by this government
for the purpose of creating a government-owned
merchant marine.
It is contended by France and Great Britain that
this would be one way of giving aid and comfort
to a belligerent. For instance, the merchant ships
of the Germans and the Austrians are now useless
to those nations. The protection that would be af
forded them by American registry would preserve
them for, not immediate, but future use, to Ger
many. The money that would be received for them.
If sold either to our government or to private Amer
ican citizens, would be of immediate use to the citi
zens of those belligerents and, indirectly, to the
belligerents themselves.
In 1908 the Declaration of London was adopted, -providing
in one of its stipulations that "the trans
fer of .an enemy vessel to a neutral flag, effected
alter the outbreak of hostilities, is void unless it be
proved that such transfer was not made to evade
the consequences to which an enemy vessel, as such,
is exposed." Another clause states: "The onus of
proving the transfer is genuine lies with the claim
ant." The claimant is the new owner, who would
have to come before a prize court in the case of the
seizure of his vessel, and, in the circumstances, of
the seizure of a transferred German or Austrian
vessel, the claimant would have an up-hill job prov
ing that the transfer had not been made to evade
the consequences of war.
; So, it is unlikely that any foreign ships can
be transferred or registered under our new shipping
laws. It is sajd, . however, that there are available
for cross-seas service more than 100 vessels of 5000
tonj or more owned by Americans. Nearly all of
them fly foreign flags, mostly British and German.
The Standard ' Oil company owns a dozen British
steamships and a still larger number of German
ships. The United Fruit company and W..R. Grace
& Cd. each has a large number of ships, all flying
the British flag. Many of the ships of the Interna
tional Marine fleet, all under British colors, are
owned by Americans.
This is, therefore, --the only source from which
this country could acquire a merchant marine. The
American-owned ships are flying foreign flags be
cause the shipping laws of those nations offered
them an inducement to do so. In the case of the
ships under the, British flag, the inducement has not
been removed. Our new shipping laws offer noth
ing appealing to them. They, are still safe under
British registry. The German ships owned by
Americans, though, might be expected to come under
American registry, though the few American-owned
German vessels would find that to their advantage.
We learn from this that merchant marines are
not created by strokes of pens. "
Violation of Neutrality
In spite of the desire of our government that
absolute neutrality may be maintained by this coun
try, one of our contemporaries has Just committed
an act calculated to provoke a hostile declaration
against us by Great Britain. It has printed a large
picture of Lord Roberts and called it Lord Kitchener.
It is, of course, no insult to either of these men to
be mistaken for the other. They are the two .greatest
and most idolized military leaders Great Britain has
produced in two generations, and both are held In
equal esteem by their countrymen. They are M
unlike in appearance as two men may well. be.
"Bobs" is diminutive and good natured of coun
tenance. Kitchener is tall and lanky, of rather for
bidding mien, whose truculence is somewhat ac
centuated by a long, flowing mustache. The insult
which our contemporary has offered is not to one
of these great men, but to both. It Is In itself a
denial of their greatness.
This and other contemporaries have also some
thing to settle with Belgium which has troubles
enough of its own without being misrepresented In
the pictorial departments of the newspapers of the
United States, a supposed neutral nation, friendly
to all and equally sympathetic with all. There have
appeared in some of the papers a picture of what
was described as the palace of King Albert. We are
informed by reliable travelers that the picture is that
of the Hotel de Ville, the seat of municipal govern
ment, and that the king's palace is two miles dis
tant. What ' would we think, and how would we feel
if foreign newspapers, in the course of a war in
which we might be engaged with Mexico, should
print a picture of our city hall and label it "The
Residence of Governor Hunt?"
Photographing the Grand Canyon
The August number of the National Geograph
ical Magazine devotes practically all of its space to '
an illustrated article describing the Grand Canyon
of the Colorado River and adjacent canyons, giving
the result of a series of explorations by Ellsworth
Kolb and Emery Kolb", extending through several
years and culminating in a trip through the lower
canyon, first explored by Major Powell, in the early
seventies.
The paper is embellished with fifty-one full
page and fifteen half-page reproductions of a series
of. remarkable photographs secured by these ventur
Bome young explorers. Since the early exploration of
the canyon by Major Powell, there has been intense
popular interest in the wild scenery of the alomst
inaccessible gorge, now for the first time revealed
in its integrity. The explorers not only carried with
them a large stock of dry photographic plates, but
a motion-picture camera and films, by means of
which the moving waters of falls and rapids were
reproduced, and even the struggles of one or the
other of the two boats are depicted on the moving
pfcture films.
The story of the final journey of 101 days, dur
ing which the explorers carried their cameras and
moving-picture appliances down 365 rapids, involving
a descent of nearly 6000 feet,' is simply and modestly
told. 'But the pictures shown in the Geographic
Magazine demonstrate clearly that only the most
magnificent skill, nerve and courage on the part of
the explorers brought success to their dangerous
enterprise. ,
The Monroe Doctrine
A reader of The Republican desires to know
what the Monroe doctrine is. Therefore, The Re
publican prints below an extract from the message
to congress by President Monroe in 1823, containing
the declaration which has since been known as the
Monroe doctrine. The message related to certain
treaties then pending in the senate, when the presi
dent took occasion to assert the influence of the
United States over that part of the western hemis
phere, not already occupied by European colonies
and dependencies, and to limit the holdings of Euro
pean nations in this hemisphere to those already
occupied by them. , .
The declaration of the president was not rati
fied or acted upon by" the senate, but it has been
accepted in this, country and has not been seriously
disputed by foreign governments since the abortive
attempt of the French and British to establish an
empire in Mexico. The usefulnes of it depends upon
the ability of this government to enforce it.
The following is an extract from the president's
message, and that part of it in black-face type Is
what is commonly known as the Monroe doctrine:
"In the wars of the European powers we have
never taken part nor does it comport with our policy
to do so. It is only when . our rights are invaded
or seriously menaced that we resent injuries or make
preparations for our defense. With the movements
in . this hemisphere we" are, of necessity, more im
mediately connected, and by causes which must be
obvious to enlightened and -impartial observers. The
political system of the allied powers is essentially
different in this, respect from that of America. The
difference proceeds from that which exists in their
respective governments. And to the defense of our
own, which has been achieved by the loss of so much
blood and treasure, -and matured by the wisdom of
their most enlightened citizens, and under which we
have enjoyed unexampled felicity, this whole nation
is devoted. i : " " "
"We owe it, therefore, to candor and to the
amicable relations exiating between the United States
and those powers to declare that wo should con
sider any attempt on their part to extend their y
tem to any portion of this hemisphere, as dangerous
to our peace and safety. -With the existing colo
nies or dependencies of any European nation we
have not interfered and shall not interfere. But
with the government who have declared their in
dependence and maintained it, and whose independ
ence we have, on great consideration and on "just
principles acknowledged, we could not view any in
'terposition for the purpose of oppressing them, or
controlling, in any other manner, their destiny by
any European power, in any other light than as the
manifestation of an unfriendly disposition towards
th United States."
THEIR NAME IS LIEGEON
(Springfield Union) '
" "Say, have you heard about the siege
That raged around the walls of Liege?"
"I've heard of it, but you'll oblige
Me if you will pronounce It Liege."
"Oh, pardon me, but, as in Fiji, r-
The i is crossed, so call it Liege."
''I've heard the name used on the stage.
And there they simply called it Liege."
.si.
"The Gallic style should have the edge,
So why not split it into Liege?"
is
"Don't be so prejudiced, I beg; ,
The Germans call it plain Liege."
"Well, if you're trying to be cagey,
Why not pronounce it all Liege?"
"You boobs will drive me crazy. Whydja
' ' Go bringing up a name like Liege?"
.
WOULD HAVE STAID IN CORSICA
Ben Foster was noted for his shiftlessness. If
it had not been for his wife he would not have
done a stroke of work on his little farm and garden.
It was all his wife could do to get him to work,
for he preferred to ait and read all day. ,
One evening, after he bad been reading French
history with deep Interest, he closed the book and
said to his wife: "Do you know, Marie, what I'd
a-done if I had been Napoleon?" '. . ,
"Oh, yes, I know ' well enough," his wife re
sponded. . "You'd have settled right down on a farm
in Corsica, and let it run itself." - :.i .
DO .THEY?
When the people wed in Holland
. And the wedding guests enthuse, '
Do they shower the bridal party1
.With those heavy wooden shoes?
.' Kansas City Journal..
BETHMANN-HOLLWEG,
ARE KAISER'S CHIEF
Admiral von Tirpiti (left), Chancel
lor von Bethmann-Hollweg (top
1 rictl) and Count von Moltke.
' Here wro the men upon whom Em
peror William most depends in the
present war. Von Bethmann-Hollweg
is ' the imperial chancellor of
Germany; Grand Admiral von Tir
piU Is in supreme command of the
How to Be Healthy
By WALT MASON
Each norn, before eating, I walk seven miles,
the Journey repeating, in different style, before I
eat dinner, and thus, you may see, my health is a
winner just gaze upon me! . There is for the glut
ton but sickness and grief; I never eat mutton or
chicken or beef; I never eat puddin' or doughnuts
or pie; "it's me for the woden old turnips," say I!
A : beet or a pumkin will make enough fat; the
vitals my trunk in will thrive upon that. I never
drink water that hasn't been fried, for cooking will
slaughter the microbes inside. I boil it and stew it
and strain through a rag, and then I go to it until
I've a jag. I do not wear clothing for duds are
a snare; I view them with loathing, and always go
bare. I eat in a stable and sleep in a tree. You
think health's a fable? Just gaze upon me! I
graze with the horses and browse with the kine,
and science indorses this method of mine! Oh, ye
who are ailing, it's useless to weep! There's one
cure unfailing come, eat with the sheep! There's
one man who whistles .with joy nil the day; I'm
living on thistles and carrots and hay!
HISTORY OF THE ELECTRIC VEHICLE
While the electric car has been more or less
overshadowed and forced into the background by
the more rapid development of the gasolene car,
it is rapidly coming into its own.
When Thomas Davenport, the Vermont black
smith, developed the first successful electric mo
tor he demonstrated that a car could be operated
by electricity. In fact, Davenport made models of
several such cars, both for railroad tracks and
road service. However, Davenport's models never
actually grew into anything material so far as the
electric vehicle is concerned. It is said upon good
authority that the first attempt to operate an
electrically-driven car on a road was in France
about- 1887. For the next seven years the electric
car was in' the experimental stage in both France
. and '.England. Inventors and men interested in
electricity and the storage battery built a num
berpf such electric cars. In America experiments
with electric vehicles were being made at Boston
and New York.
In 1894 Jeantand, a Frenchman, manufactured
commercial electrics, one of which took part in the
Paris-Bordeaux races, covering some GOO kilometers
(375 miles) of the race by frequent recharging.
During 1895, two electric storage battery vehicles
competed with a gasolene car built by Charles E.
Duryea, in a trip around Chicago. The electrics
were built by a Philadelphia battery company to
help in developing its business. They made a
creditable showing and, in 1S9B, one of the leading
motor car' concerns of that time gave out the state
ment that It had passed the gasolene Mage and
after several years of experimenting had settled on
the electric storage battery as the best means of
furnishing energy for propelling horseless vehicles.
Electric cabs were put on the streets of New York
in . 1899 and, though crude and cumbersome, they
worked, for ten years. At this time, a number of
companies were organized for the manufacture of
electric vehicles, but the vehicles did not live up
to the expectations of their promoters. The rapid
development of the gasolene car so far over
shadowed the electric, that during 1900-1904 there
was a, decided decline in the popiir interest. - By
this time the promoter had come to earth, com
panies had been reorganized and manufacture,
started on a more rational basis, until in 1913 it
represented a production of 5000 passenger and
1448 commercial cars of a type which will fulfill
the guarantees placed on them and give the ser
vice required. According to the most reliable
figures .obtainable, there are today 7085 commer
cial, electric vehicles In use in this country.
A mistake is like an automobile.; you get its
number after it Is past.
'jr
MOLTKE AND TIRPITZ
AIDS IN GREAT WAR
German navy, while Count von
Moltke is in charge of the operations
of tif. German forces on land. . .
Volcanoes
By GEORGE FITCH
Author of "At Good Old Siwaah"
A volcano is a mountain which is insurging
against the universe. . .
Most mountains are .quiet and well-behaved, re
maining in the same spot year after year and al
lowing tourists and other insects to swarm over
them and among them without protest. But the
volcano has a system fit manners that is all its
own. It is connected 'directly with the furnace
room in the earth's Interior and whenever it gets
peevish or dissatisfied with the government it "
erupts.
When a volcano erupts it does things on a
grand and awful scale. It blows its top off, throws
ten-ton boulders through the nearest postoffice,
puffs smoke three miles ' into the zenith, spits fire
at the dog star, spills melted rock over half a dozen
townships, emits roars which can be heard a hun
dred miles, rocks the surrounding country until the
buildings get seasick and lie down, and fills the air
so full of brimstone that it smells like- a theater
during a Paris Revue. Nothing is more terrifying
than a volcano when it is in full cry except per
haps an I. W. W. orator who Is explaining on a soap
box why he is entitled to eternal rest.
Volcanoes are very fatal, not because they are
so violent, but because they:' are so placid between
outbreaks. After a volcano has blown itself limp
ond empty it sometimes sleeps for a hundred
yfsrs, while green fields grow over its sides and
people build .towns with joyful abandon just in the
wrong place. Then the volcano turns over in its
sleep and the undertakers do' not get, any vacation
which is a large red-hot throat looking a good deal
( ff t4' 0A1$ HkfSK
. -i-J , CL
, Two Story Farming
" In' foreign countries they grow Olives or Almonds
""awSKJil ticca
grain neias ana
f complete failure
; . r baskets there
We can learn many .things from the
The Phoenix
MMMWIWMMMMWWWWIIWWWWWWWW
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vited to do their
banking here.
THE
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MWMMMMMMIkkMWHkMmikWWkk
". The volcano is usually equipped with a crater,
for the next three years.
like Pittsburg in high tariff times. Tourists love
to climb good-natured volcanoes and gaze with
awe into the seething fires below. But so far as
.known this sight does not improve the tourists'
morals, suggestive as it is.
THE MOTHER AS A TEACHER
Our boy is six years of age. He has thus far
never attended school and yet before he is seven
years of age he will be fully prepared along every
line for fifth grade work in our public schools be
sides quite a bit in German; United States History
and general history.
He is not a hothouse plant; has not been
forced in any particular. For five days in the
week, from nine until twelve my time is his, just
as conscientiously as if I were employed in the
public schools. He is eager for his lessons and
he has learned the wonderful lesson of concentra
tion. Repetition does not create brain cells, but
interest and attention will accomplish in one min
ute what idle repetition may never attain.
I have always believed in the dignity of moth
erhood as the greatest boon of life, and for this
reason am I willing to devote my services to my
child. His memory is marvelous, accurate, discri
minating and retentive. How much this is the re
sult of strong suggestions given to him and how
much a natural gift. I know not. Even at his
early age he can draw from a hidden reservoir of
strength, and when called before large Ttudiences
to sing solos or to recite as many as two hun
dred and seventy-one lines, for instance, of Hia'r
'watha, he displays as much self-possession as a
professional actor or singer.
His advancement I attribute to concentration,
suggestion, optimism in creating interest, the
thought-form held constantly before him that he
can do whatever he wishes to do and the wonder
ful teachings of New Thought. Kathyrn Momoney
Ray, A. M., in August Nautilus.
the new banking system is altogether unquestion
able, and their presence there is altogether desir
able. But our politicians are essentially vote-getting
animals, as some writer has put it, so these men
must go down to ' Washington and be pawed over by
a village-minded senate committee which proceeded
as if inquiring into a country church choir ecandal.
Mr. Jones endured it, but Mr. Warburg refused, and
the country risks losing his invaluable services so
that a few senators can go on the stump this fall
and brag how they showed up that foreign plutocrat.
Swinish methods in handling appropriations and
asinine methods in handling appointments are two
reasons why our country's business is so expen
sive and so badly done. Collier's Weekly.
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piameu in eg uiai uuuugu turn
pastures so tney win never nave a
in one vear their eggs are in two
is always something to sell.
thrifty farmers of southern Europe.
National Bank

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