OCR Interpretation


Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, August 31, 1914, Image 1

Image and text provided by Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records; Phoenix, AZ

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84020558/1914-08-31/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

THE ARIZONA. REPUBLIC
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL
TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR
10 PAGES
PHOENIX, ARIZONA, MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST 31, 19i4
10 PAGES
VOL. XXV. NO. 105
i
FOUR DAYS' FIGHTING
BRINGS HEA VY LOSSES
TO BRITISH TROOPS
According to Announcement
of Lord Kitchener English
Army in France Sustain
ed Casualties of Between
5000 and 8000
BATTLE AGAINST
TREMENDOUS ODDS
Since Fighting Ceased the
French on Right and Left
Brought German Attack
to Standstill, It is Re
ported
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
LONDON', Aug. 30. After four days
of fighting with the casualties be
tween 5,000 and 8,000, the British army
in France rested and is ready for the
next great battle, according to the an
nouncement of Lord Kitchener, secre
tary of state for the war. In a state
ment based on the report of Sir John
French, commander-in-chief of tfie
British forces. Kitchener says the
British after struggling against tre
mendous odds, retired to a new line of
defense, where they have not been
molested since Thursday. Since the
fighting ceased the French on the right
and left brought the German attack to
a standstill, it is reported.
The information bureau accompany
ing the publication of the Lord Kitch
ener statement on the situation of the
Fritish army at the front took a rap
at the correspondents whose stories
purport to be made up of portions of
experiences on the battle line. The
bureau says:
"No correspondents are at the front
and information, no matter how hon
estly sent, is therefore derived at sec
ond or third hand from persons who
are often in no condition to tell co
herent stories and who are certain to
be without the perspective which is
necessary to construct or understand
the general situation. . .
"It is hoped the general statement
issued tonight, despite any pretentions
will restore the necessary perspective
to the recent operations."
Th British public nas been much re
assured by the statement. Earlier -in
the day the country received a distinct
shock through stories of disaster to
and the demoralization of the British
army which were published in some
London papers. The correspondent evi
dently had been listening to startling
tales from wounded stragglers from the
lines who gave the impression that the
British troops had been cut to pieces,
their organization gone, and that they
were without supplies or communi
cation. Lord Kitchener's report put a new
face on the situation. According to all
official and unofficial statements the
Germans came -upon a small British
army with ao overwhelming force, and
rolled up the infantry In solid masses
time after time, spending men lavishly
and bringing into action a great weight
of artillery with machine guns mounted
on an armore- car. There were cavalry
charges and counter charges during the
four days battle in which the .British
commander asserts, his troops dis
played great gallantry.
All accounts from the soldiers, and
even from the excited correspondents
agree that the British soldiers are not
downhearted, but are confident of
their ability to hold their own against
anything like equal numbers of Ger
mans. Although the country has
known for a week that many soldiers
are buried on French and Belgian soil,
with other thousands in the hospitals,
there is no outcry for names, but a
general willingness to wait if the inter
est of the army requires,
, A few newspapers criticized the out
come of the secrecy which the gov
ernment maintains but there Is noth
ing approaching a clamor against it.
The few soldiers . who have been
brought to the English hospitals from
the front are pledged to do no talking
about the war for two weeks and-only
some, personal experiences have been
related. No one disparages the brav
ery of the Germans,'-but all criticise
the methods of"the German; infantry.
Officers who have seen the German
maneuvers, said the infantry would be
mowed down if they, employed the
ftame tactics in actual battle. But thev
Attempt iTo Dynamite
Mine Employment Office
associated press dispatch
BUTTE, Aug. 30.. The miners of
the Anaconda ,Copper Mining com
pany and other larg companies op
erating ' in this district" art tonight
under guard as a result ft the dyna
miting early today of the employ
ment offices at the Parrot mine op
erated by the Anaconda. News of
Governor Stewart's order mobilizing
the state troops at Helena for duty
at Butte was withheld from the pub
lic, fearing that the miners would at
tempt reprisals.
The miners, who heard the previous
DROP BOMBS
INTO PARIS
PARIS, Aug. 30. A
German aeroplane fly
ing over Paris at a
height of six thousand
feet dropped several
bombs into the city this
afternoon. One struck
near L'Est railway sta
tion, near the military
hospital, and three more
near Quai de J emmapes,
Rue Ricollet and Place
de la Republique. No
damage was done.
Say Big Guns
Will Help God ,
Reach Decision
ASSOCIATED FRE3S DISPATCH
ROTTERDAM, August 30. The
practical way in which the Germans
view the war is well illustrated by
a story told here by A. R. Miller,
of Louisville, Ky.
"Certain Protestant clergymen, of
Hanover," said Miller, "addressing a
large congregation the morning fol
lowing mobilization, said, 'We are
face to face with a peculiar situa
tion. No doubt the Russians, the
French and the English will pray to
God to give them victory, but there
is but one God, and since He is just
and impartial, and they also are His
children, we, in order to win must
work as well as pray. We must
fight harder than the others. God
may not always side with the big
guns, but big guns will certainly help
Him make a right decision.' "
o
MILLION MEN BATTLE ON
(Associated Press Dispatch)
ROME, via London, Aug.
30. Dispatches from the
Austrian headquarters to
Corriere Delia Sera state
that one million men are en
gaged in battle on the Aus-tro-Russian
frontier. The
battle line extends from the
Vistula river to the Dneis
ter river, over one hundred
miles. The Russians have
penetrated twenty miles
into Austrian territorv.
were disposed to think the maneuvers
were largely for show. One soldier
speaking of the recent fighting said:
"If the British losses were heavy,
the German losses have been enorm
ous. The German infantry always ad
vanced in heavy masses like a moving
wall of men. Our fire simply slaught
ered them. We did not care for their
infantry, but their artillery was deadly
in its precision Nearly all our
wounded were hurt by shells, but those
suffering from rifle shots were chiefTy
hit in the legs."
According to another soldier, the
kGermans came up in thousands.
"I remember looking up,'' said the
soldier, "ami seeing ranks and ranks
of them coming along. We swept away
one rank and there was another. We
swept that away and a third was
waiting behind it. On they came over
the bodies of their comrades, solidly
and like wooden soldiers, as regular as
a clock."
The British soldiers think their
South African experiences helped their
infantry greatly. On the Veldt they
became experts at taking cover and en
trenching themselves. There are
enough veterans in all the regular regi
ments to show the younger men how
to take care of themselves in fighting.
reports that the troops were coming,
do not credit the rumor of the militia.
believing the governor would not risk
sending so small a number as six
hundred militiamen against. the. min
ers, who number eighty-two hundred.
It is reported that outside gunmen
are here. The troops are expected
tomorrow. Business men and mining
officials are making every effort
through Washington to have federal
troops sent to Montana. Plans for the
entry of the militia are secret for fear
that mine are being laid. The min
ers "have long openly threatened the
militia.
THESE JAP
i - - I . . TV
The three figures who loom biggest
AUSTRALIA TO
AT
TRUST FIGHT
Drastic Measures, Proposed
Because of Invasion by
Chicago Packing Compa
.nies, Form in Parliamen
tary Election Campaign
ASSOCIATED FESS DISPATCH
MELBOURNE, August 30. Anti
trust measures, proposed particularly
because Australia is feeing an inva
sion by the great Chicago meat pack
ing companies, form one of the prin
cipal issues in the general parliamen
tary election campaign which is now
in full swing. The election will be
held September 5.
The labor party, forming the oppo
sition to the liberal government, is
striving for control, promising, if put
in power, to provide constitutional
regulation of trusts. The liberals, on
this point, maintain that all trusts
are not evil, and that the present
powers of the constitution are suf
ficient to deal with the "bad" trusts.
The unique feature of the present
campaign is the fact that the elec
tions are brought about by a double
dissolution of parliament dissolution
of both the senate and the house.
This is the first time in history that
such1 action has been taken in Aus
tralia, and it is said to have had no
precedent in any constitutional gov
ernment of the English speaking
world.
The dissolution was granted to the
government by Sir Munro Ferguson,
the governor general, because the
senate rejected a bill which aimed to
prohibit preference to casual labor
unionist employes in government ser
vice.
The parliament had lasted about a
year, with a liberal majority in the
bouse and a minority1 in the senate.
The result was virtually a legislat
ive deadlock.
Tho, opposing leaders are Premier
J. Hume Cook, and Andrew Fisher,
the former premier. Both men are of
the self-made type, each having be
gun life as a miner.
Both are trade unionists, but ' the
present premier is twitted by his op
penent as having abandoned his
trades union principles. Both are
good speakers and are nOw stumping
the country addressing audiences in
which the women electors are well
represented.
In addition to the trust regulation
issues are the reduction of the high
cost of living; tariff reform; a con
stituti'.jnal amendment to provide a
national referendum as a substitute
for the dissolution of parliament; an
amendment to give greater force to
the industrial arbitration act, and
means of national defence.
Characteristic antipodean issues in
clude a federal provision for cures
for . cancer and consumption, and a
federal public service superannuation
scheme.
o
- FRANCIS jqSEPH WELL
c
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
VIENNA, via Rome and Paris, Aug.
30. It is learned from a reliable
source that the health of Emperor
Francis Joseph is perfectly satisfac
tory and that he has been quite well
since the war began. i
o
AEROPLANES UNSUCCESSFUL
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
BASEL, August 30. Two German
.aeroplanes . made ' , unsuccessful at
tempts today to destroy with bombs
the dirigible balloon ' hangar at Bel
fort," France, which . is thirty-five
miles northwest, of here. .
BOATS NOW
in Japanese affairs just now are
who is in charge
FALL OF KIAU CHAU IS
HARDL YLIKEL Y BEFORE
THE END OF NOVEMBER
(Associated Press Bulletin)
LONDON, Aug. 30. The Daily "Mail in a Tien Tsin
dispatch says that Japanese troops have landed at sev
eral points on the coast near Kiau Chan.
TOKIO, Aug. 30. Military experts here say they
do not expect the fall of Kiau Chan before the end of
November except by voluntary capitulation of the Ger
mans. . The defenses are reported to be most formidable
and virtually impregnable from the sea. The land forti
fications do not follow the usual German methods, but
resemble those at Port Arthur. There are three lines
of these defenses. The food
to be ample for three months.
No Japanese Bombardment
TSIXG TSAU, Aug. 30. Reports that the buildings
here and the Tsing Tsau railway bridge had been dyna
mited bT the Gentians are incorrect. There has been no
Japanese bombardment of the city as yet. The forts
fired several shots today at a Japanese torpedo boat de
stroyer. The crew of the Austrian cruiser, Kaiserin
Elizabeth, has been 'ordered to return to Tsing Tsau, but
has been prevented from doing so by the Chinese
authorities, who' are endeavoring to maintain neutralitv.
MAPS
HERE-GET ONE
First Consignment Nearly
Exhausted Order Today
Or lie Left Out and Have
to Wait on Second Ship
ment Ever since the arrival of the first
consignment of five hundred Repub
lican war maps on Suturday Manager
Powell and .his force has been kept
busy in sending them out to those
who have been fortunate enough to
place their orders i'or them among the
first. The supply is rapidly decreas
ing and unless an order is in within
the next day or so, te wait for the
second consignment will be impera
tive and the much wanted accessory
will be delayed.
No map has ever been offered to
the readers of The Republican that
contains so much useful information
of the combating nations as does the
one. offered now. The individual maps
of every country engaged in the great
struggle are themselves worth more
than the price of the whole map.
Then there is the may of the theater
of hostilities in one, giving a perfect
idea of where the connecting lines
in the various countries come and
what relation each holds to the other.
On the reverse side of the map is
a Mercatoi1 projection of the world,
giving further interesting and advan
tageous information, together with a
whole lot of Information and figures
of the countries that are engaged in
the struggle and some of the others
besides. The map is printed on heavy
inlaid paper and is an ornament to
any office, library or living room.
Order one today if ybu would join the
ranks of the well informed on the
geography of the war.
- , o :
WEATHER TODAY
WASHINGTON, August 30. For
Arizona: Local thundershowers in
the north portion Monday and prob
ably Tuesday.
MENACING
Emperor Toshihito, Count Okuma, Japanese premier, and Admiral Togo,
of the Japanese fleets.
supply in Kiau Chau is said
SEAT OF
Charles Joseph Forbes Just
Got Out of Paris in Time.
War Was Declared and
He Started for Dear Old
Arizona
Where cash money was not worth a
piece of breadcrust, where hysteria
prevailed, where there were no cab
horses in the sky-pointing cab shafts.
where soldiers elbowed frantic aliens
off the running boards of the trains,
and where crowds walked the streets
screaming vivas for France and for
Joffre in other words, in Paris, dur
ing the first days of the war with
Germany that Is where Charles Jo
seph Forbes, the first Phoenician to
return from the seat of the trouble,
tried to have a vacation.
Forbes stopped being the kindly and
efficient night clerk at the Commer
cial to take up the study of Paris and
environs, devoting thereto his vaca
tion. Three days after he arrived in
the capital of France, the war was
declared. "Then," said Forbes to the
R. A.. R. last night:
"Things certainly broke loose. In
half an hour Paris became a mad
house. Business stopped instantly. No
order prevailed. I could not hear
myself think. The people descended
into the streets and thronged the
public places, shouting, laughing, cry
ing, and some even praying. 'Vive la
France!' and 'Vive Joffre!' I heard
on every hand.
"My brother and I were early
warned that we had better go before
it became impossible for us to get
away. We were having trouble with
our money. Fortunately we had three
gold pieces they wouldn't even take
silver, let alone gold. As wo- waited
for orders from the authorities, I saw
the men drained out of Paris. Those
who were left were too old or too
young to stand the hard work of cam-
RETURNS FROM
W
(Continued on Page Three)
KIAU CH,46'J tj
m
T
Military Party, Now Domi
nant in Constantinople,
Believes This Best Time
to Secure Restoration of
Islands
(Associated Press Dispatch)
LONODN, August 30.
The Daily Telegraph's dip
lomatic correspondent says:
"Turkey may declare war at
any moment. It is only a
matter of a few days pos
sibly a few hours. All ef
forts of the powers in the
tuple entente have failed
and the London embassy ad
mits the situation is grave.
The military party is now
dominant in Constantinople
and it is believed the present
is the best time to secure a
restoration of the Macedon
ian and Aegean Islands.
England has warned Tur
key that, war means her
"death warrant."
War Foreshadowed
WASHINGTON, Aug. 30.
Active participation by
Turkey against England and
Russia is foreshadowed by
news from Constantinople,
according to a wireless from
Berlin received at the Ger
man embassy.
JAPS MAY BE ACTIVE
IN EUROPEAN MR
Possibility That Several Hundred
Thousand May Be Sent to France.
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
PARIS, Aug. 30. Stephen Pichon
former minister of foreign affairs, in
the Petit Journal, asks why the Japa
nese army should not participate in
the European war. He is convinced
that all that is required is an agree
ment between London, St. Petersburg
and Paris to enable several hundred
thousand Japanese to be sent to
France. He says: "'I need not add we
should hasten."
The ministry of war has decided to
call out the 1914 class, which would
give at least two hundred thousand
additional troops, and also to call out
the active reserve and the eldest
classes of the territorial reserves.
A circle of thirty-four miles ' in
length would be swept of buildings if
the order of the military governor
that residents of the "zone action" of
the capital's defending forts burn their
homes is correctly interpreted. It is
supposed the order refers to the sub
urban territory just outside the city's
second line of defenses, composed of
seventeen connecting forts.
"The progress of the German right
wing has obliged us to yield ' the
ground on our left," says an official
statement issued tonight.
TURKEY
1
ft
TOO
Tiur rn nun
libit III 5111ft
It
Official Statement Says the
Principle 01 Operation
Was Scouting by British
Destroyers, Cutting Off
Germans from Home
GERMANS SHOOT
DOWN OWN MEN
English Obliged toGive Up
Rescue of Wounded When
German Boats Proceeded
to Reattack Them .Vig
orously ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
LONDON, August 30. An official
statement issued tonight in describ
ing the action between the British
and German warships o Heligoland
says:
"The principle of the operation was
the scouting movement by strong
forces of destroyers to cut off the
German light craft from home and
engage them at leisure in the open
sea."
After briefly describing the sinking
of the three German cruisers the
Mainz, Coell Coeln and Ariadne
the statement continues:
"Although only two of the enemy's
destroyers were actually observed to
sink, most of the other eighteen or
twenty boats, were rounded up, at
tacked and well punished and only
saved themselves by scattered flight."
The superior gun power and
strength of the British destroyers,
ship for ship, was conclusively dem
or.strated. The destroyers them
selves did not hesitate to engage the
enemy's cruisers, both with guns and
torpedoes, with hardihood, and two
of them got knocked about in the
process.
Intercepted German signals and
other information from German sourc
es confirms the report of Admiral
Beatty as to the sinking of the third
German cruiser, which now appears
to have been the Ariadne.
The British destroyers exposed
themselves to considerable risk In
endeavoring to save as many as pos
sible pt the German sailors. British
oificers present vouch for the fact
that German officers were tiring at
their own men in the water with
pistols, and that several were shot
before their eyes.
Under these peculiar circumstances
a destroyer was actually picking up
the wounded with her boats when
she was driven off by the approach
of another German cruiser, and had
to leave two of her boats containing
one officer and nine men, behind. It
was feared that these would be made
prisoners, but happly a' submarine
arrived and brought the British par
ty home.
"As it was not possible to ac
commodate the thirty Germans in
the submarine they were allowed to
return home in a boat in charge of
a lieutenant who was not wounded.
"The complements of the five Ger
man vessels known to have been
sunk aggregated about 1200 officers
and men, all of whom, with the ex
ception of these thirty, and three
hundred prisoners, were wounded or
otherwise perished.
"Besides there was loss which
must have been severe, aboard the
Gorman torpedo boats and other
cruisers which did not sink during
the action.
"The first lord of the; admiralty
telegraphed the American ambassa
dor at Berlin, desiring him to in
form Admiral von Tirpit. the Ger
man minister of marine, that his son
had been saved and had not been
wounded." -
SCENE OF FIRST
NAVAL CLASH
GERMAN BOATS
i Li

xml | txt