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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL V TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 1, 1914 10 PAGES VOL. XXV. NO. 106 1 i -. 4 j s . 4 i ALLIES WOULD NOT FAVOR U. S. BUYING SHIPS Great Britain, France and Russia Advised Govern ment They Would Look -with Disfavor Upon Such Purchases Here. WOKD RECEIVED HERE INFORMALLY France Takes Initiative, Ambassador Jusserand Carrying His Objections to President Wilson in a Recent Interview. ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Aug. 31. Great Britain, France and Russia advised the United States informally they would look with disfavor on the pur chase by this government of German merchant steamers to relieve the conditions growing out of the Euro pean war, to build up the American merchant marine. While not convey ed in any diplomatic correspondence, their position has been vigorously set forth to the president and Secretary Bryan. France took the initiative. Ambas sador Jusserand carrying his objec tions to the president in a recent interview at the White House, All the diplomats hold that there is no precedent in international law for the purchase by a neutral nation of any great quantity of ships from a bel ligerent. The chief objection urged is that the transaction would estab lish a large gold credit in the hands of Germany. The diplomats point out that the German steamship companies are closely affiliated with the German government and that to buy their ships now marooned in American lorts would be tantamount to fur nishing Germany with a large loan. Should the American government, however, distribute its purchases of ships equally among the belligerent nations they do not believe there would be objection from any quarter. Considerable difficulty would arise, however, it is asserted, if for in stance, the crew of a German vessel purchased by the United States was maintained on it, as the English and French governments would not al low the nationals of any belligerents to land from neutral ships at their ports. Aside from the question of possible financial aid to Germany and the complications over the crews of the vessels, European diplomats who are opposed to the plan believe dif ficulties wodld arise as to cargoes on the American ships. Their effort in the present war has been to sweep the German commerce from the seas, and they look upon any means to supply food to Germany or Austria as an unneutral act. Administration officials here de clare the new ships would carry no articles which are specifically defined as contraband of war, but it is the belief of the diplomats that their government would object to even conditional contraband, thus restrict ing considerably any commerce with the belligerents. The European diplomats endeavored to point out thes; desire in no way to interfere with the upbuilding of the American merchant marine and wish it success in neutral countries, but they think the American gov ernment's ships could not be avail able for commerce with the belliger ent countries of Europe. o RESIGNS TO RUN AGAIN ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Aug. 31. Presi dent Carle Melendez of Salvador, has turned over the government to Vice President Alfred Quinonez Molena, according to reports today to the state department. Since Melendez intends to offer himself as a candij , date at the election March first, his S resignation was forced by the con stitution provision prohibiting the I election of a presidential candidate ! who has held that office within six months prior to election. Drink Most Often Cause Of American Inefficiency ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 31. "Drink is the agent which most fre quently brings the American laborer to the stage where he must accept casual employment." F. S. Edinger, a local contractor who deals with large bodies of unskilled workers, testified today before the federal in dustrial relations commission. His assertion came in connection with the statement that he preferred not to employ unskilled American work men. We do not employ many native born Americans when we can do otherwise," he said. The reason for this is that an efficient American workman usually can get a steady jiosition. The class of Americans who have to take work generally is the kind we do not want. The cause FRENCH WAR OFFICE ADMITS CHECKS BUT ANNOUNCES ADVANCES CANADIAN TROOP TRAIN MENACED VALCARTIER, Quebec, Aug. 31. j An unsuccessful attempt to j wreck a troop train on the Cana- dian Northern Railway about 90, miles east of Montreal by placing an iron rail across the tracks was made early yesterday morning, ac- cording to announcement made j here this afternoon by Lieutenant j Colonel Creelman, commander ot j the Twenty-First battery of Mon- treal. Running more than forty miles an hour, our train brushed j aside the obstruction into the ditch and slowed down. I Will Organize Courts To Dispose Of Sea Prizes ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Aug. 31. The Brit ish embassy officials are in constant communication with the state depart ment vvilh a view of expediting the or ganization of English prize courts and simplifying the machinery for their op eration. Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, the British ambassador, was at the state department today. The government is anxious to have the court begin sit tings so that neurtal people owning parts of cargoes may have them re stored to them promptly. The American government favors simplicity and expedition. In the case of capture at sea, according to inter national law, the first duty of the cap tor is to convey the prize to its own or an allie s port for adjudication by spe cial tribunals which will sit in ports of the belligerents and their allies but not in neutral ports. The function of these courts is to determine whether the capture was legally made, taking into consideration all treaty obliga tions which they are bound to respect. CARDINALS RETIRE 10 CHOOSE NEW PONTIFF Doors of Conclave Hall Closed Un til Election Is Declared ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH ROME, Aug. 31 Cardinal Delia Volpe, the papal chaplain, closed the inside door of the conclave hall in which the college of cardinals is gathered in which to elect a suc cessor to the late Pope Pius at 7:30 o'clock tonight. Outside stood the governor and marshal of the con clave. Not until a new pope has been chosen by ballot will the doors be opened or any intimation of the pro cedure inside be known. All telephone wires leading to the edifice have been cut and communication with the out side world severed. Tomorrow at 11 o'clock great crowds will gather in the square outside St. Peters. Every eye will be focused on the chimney of the Sistine chapel. If smoke arises it will indicate that no pope has been elected. The smoke will be from the burning ballots, mixed with straw. Should a pontiff be elected, work men will immediately break in the doors and the cardinals will repair to the balcony to. proclaim him. If the custtm is followed, the pope will' ap pear and bestow blessings. o I MAY REMOVE SHIP'S PASSENGERS I WASHINGTON, Aug. 31. The removal of German or Austrian subjects from neutral vessels bound. fofc the scene of war is the privil- j egS of the belligerent powers ac- j cording to Robert Lansing, coun- j sellor of the state department. Vessels flying the American flag with foreigners aboard might be j stopped and such passengers re- j moved, he said. of this inefficiency most often is drink." "The Mexican laborer," added the witness, "is the best man with whom to trust a team in such lines as grading work." What is the minimum amount re quired for actual living expenses? was a question that caused much discussion by the different witnesses today. Mr. Edinger said his firm found it impossible to meet expenses in boarding employes at $5.25 a week. F. M. Andreani, a member of the lo cal Italian consulate' testified that good board and room could be ob tained here for $4 a week. W. S. Wollner, of the Northwestern Pa cific railway, said many seasonal workers wintered here on forty cents a day, paying ten cents for lodging and thirty cents for food. Official Statement Tells of Difficulties Troops En countered, Classing Cam- ' paign of Weeks as a War of Sieges. FIRST OFFENSIVE THEN DEFENSIVE No Sooner Is a Position Occupied by Enemy Than It Is Fortified, Making Progress of French Ex ceedingly Slow. ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH PARIS, Aug. 31. The following offi cial statement was issued by the war office this evening: "The situation is actually as follows: First In Vosges and in Lorraine, it must be remembered that our forces, which had taken the offensive at the beginning of operations ani driven the enemy outside of our frontiers, after wards underwent checks. "Betore Sarresburg in the region of Morrohagne where they encountered very solid defensive works our forces were obliged to fall back and re-form, one part on Courrone De Nancy and the other on the French Vosges. The Ger mans then assumed the offensive, but our troops after having thrown them back upon their positions resumed the offensive two days ago. This attack continues to make progress, although slowly. It is a veritable war of sieges as each position occupied is immedi ately fortified. This explains the slow ness of our advance, which neverthe less is characterized each day by fresh successes. "Second The region of Nancy, in Southern Wavre. Since the beginning of the campaign this section between Metz' on the German side and Toul, and Verde on the French side, has not been the theater of important opera tions. "Third In the department of Meuse between Verdun and Mesieres, it is to be remembered, the French took the offensive in the beginning toward Longwy, Neufchateau and Palissul. Troops operating in the region of Spin court and Longwy have been able to check the enemy's army under, the command of the German crown prince. In' the regions of Neufchateau and Pa lissul certain of our troops received partial checks, which obliged them to retire upon Meuse without having their organization broken up. This retiring movement compelled our forces oper ating in the neighborhood of Spincourt to withdraw also toward Meuse." "During the last few days the enemy endeavored to spread out from Meuse with considerable forces, but by vigor ous counter-offensive movements, they were repelled with great losses. In the meantr.Tie fresh forces of German sol diers advanced to the district of Roc roy, fin Ardennes) marching in the di rection of Reuthel. Now a general action is taking place between Meuse and Reuthel, and it is still impossible to see definitely the issue of this. "Fourth The operations in the north. The French took up a position in the Meuse and Charleroi country and Mons. They endured several repulses. and the forcing of the Meuse defenses by the Germans near Givet upon our flank, compelled our troops to retire. "The Germans seek continually to move toward the west. It is under these conditions that our English al lies, attacked by the enemy in greatly superior numbers in the region of Le cateau and Cambrai, have withdrawn toward the south, at the moment that our forces are operating in the district of Avesnes and Chiraay. The retiring government was "prlrised during sev eral days. . 'In the meantime a general battle took place in the region of St. Quentin, and Vervier and at the same time in the Hem-Peronnes district. This battle was marked by the important success by our right, where we have thrown back the Prussian guard of the tenth army corps into the Oise. 'Owing to the progress of the Ger man right wing, where our adversaries united their best corps, we had to mark a new retirement. 'On our right after partial checks, we have taken the offensive and the enemy is retiring before us "In the center we have had alternate checks and successes." "On our left by a series of circum stances which turned in favor of the Germans, despite lucky counter at tacks, the Anglo-French forces were obliged to give way. As yet our ar mies, notwithstanding a few incontest able checks, remain intact. ' "The morale of our troops is excel lent in spite of considerable losses which are also being rapidly filled from regimental depots." WIRELESS AGREEMENT ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, August 31. Both Germany and Great Britain accepted the first of the two alternate pro posals suggested by the United States in a -recent note to the belligerents regarding the " censorship of wireless communication in Europe . and France and Russia are expected to follow Great Britain, while Austria is understood to ba in harmony with Germany's views. Prompt adjust ment Is believed in sight 30,000 CZAR S IK TAKEN BY GERMAN FORCES German Ambassador Re ceives Messages Concern ing Capture of Russian Soldiers Including Many High Officers GERMANS SUFFER IN LOU VAIN Rotterdam Correspondent an Eyewitness of the Attack Bv the Population of Louvain Troops , on the German ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH NEW YORK, Aug. 31. Count Johann Von Bernstorff, the German ambas sador, received from Berlin two more messages which were made public. One of them told of the capture of 30,000 Russian soldiers and many high offi cers as previously announced by the German embassy at Washington. The other message read: A Rotterdam newspaper correspon dent was an eye witness of a perfidious attack by the population of Louvain on the German troops. An officer of the German staff was found with his throat cut. In Longwy machines for the fab rication of dum-dum cartridges were found "here the text of the message became so garbled as to be unintellig ible. The words, "evacuated, French garrison and fifty thousand" appeared. Discussing the conflict the ambassa dor said it was a "war of the German nation, man for man." "Germany did not begin the war," he said, "she did not want war; she is, and always has been Willing to have peace." The ambassador declared that France and Great Britain defeated on land, have only recruits or volunteers to send against the Germans. "We cannot be beaten," he said. "That's why we have taken about 40,000 men from the western border to the east ern to hurl them against the Russians." Germans are Advancing LONDON, Aug. 31. Taken at its face value, the French official an nouncement this afternoon which men tions that the progress of the German right wing has forced the allies to yield further ground would seem to in dicate that the German.", notwithstand ing repulses, are maning oauy ad vances toward Paris. The statement Sunday of Field Marshal Sir John French, commander of the British troops, however, spoke of fighting on the French left, but this according to one report, resulted in the German right being slightly turned. Austrian invasion of Russian terri tory in the Lublin district, which aroused the apprehension of the allies has, if Russian dispatches are to be relied upon, been blocked. The Musco vites claim to have turned the Russian defensive into offensive action. There is no confirmation of the report that the Russians are in Koenigsberg. If silence means that nothing is happen ing, Sir John French's statement on Sunday that the British have not been molested since Wednesday still holds good. Nothing is known by the public London of new fighting either in northern or eastern France. From Canada, India, Australia and South Africa, the British army at the front will soon receive large reinforcements. Some of these troops are reported to have aTTeady landed in France. In England the "recruiting fever has not abated. In Liverpool today a battalion of 1000 business men was filled within an hour apd there was such an over flow that it was decided to enroll a second battalion. The British gov ernment has started negotiations, through the American consul at Ber lin, for the exchange with Germany and Austria of non-combatants held as prisoners. According to the Times' St. Peters burg correspondent, Russia's appeal to the Poles to reunite against the Teu tons has had an extraordinary effect among the Slav soldiers in the German service. Information received in St. Peters burg, it is said, indicated that Polish soldiers belonging to the sixth Bres lau army corps serving on the western frontier, mutinied and killed their of ficers. The Slav regiments in the Austrian service are also declared to be notor iously disaffected. The Novoe Vremja states that one whole Austrian regi ment went over to the Russian side. A correspondent of the Express at The Hague wires his paper that Em peror William has gone to the Russian front. Austrians Suffer Defeat ROME, Aug. 31. The Messagero published' a telegram from Sofia, Bul garia, which says that the Austrians have suffered Jrreparable defeat at Za moz in Russian Poland, fifty miles southeast of Lublin. Canadians to1 Bermuda HALIFAX, N. S., Aug. 31. Eight hundred British regulars will be with drawn from service in Bermuda and will be replaced by an equal number of Canadian volunteers. Later the Ca nadians may also be sent to the front in Europe. ' FRENCH PR IN LIEGE AND VISE " DESOLATION REIGNS (Associated Press Dispatch.) LONDON, Aug. 31 A dispatch to the Reuter Tele gram company from Ostcnd says that a small party that returned from Liege describes the destruction wrought by the war as appalling. "All along the road to Vise," said one of the party, ''there was nothing to be seen but walls blackened by smoke, remains of burned factories, and mounds of freshly dug earth, sepulchres of the first Germans to fall. "And then comes Vise. What a painful sight for those who knew the proud city, so typical of Walloon gaiety! Now nothing but a mass of ruins, while many inhabitants lie all over the place, their ' chests riddled with bullets. I was told here that natives were put to work building the roads for the invaders from Vise to Aix la Chapelle. "On the way to Argenteau we met a procession of able-bodied men, marching four abreast, commanded by a non-commissioned officer, all carrying implements for road or trench building. These men have to submit to severe discipline. "The inhabitants of Liege stood at the thresholds of their homes, silent, anxious, but afraid to speak. The streets in the middle of the town wore a deplorable aspect. Many houses- were abandoned and others were in ruins." CARRAnZA HAS ORDERED VERA CRUZ CLOSED General Funston Sends a Long Report on Compli cations That Will Result, But 'Officals Do Not Re gard It as Unfriendly. ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, August 31. Car re nza has ordered the port of Vera Cruz closed, according to official ad vices to the American government. General Funston transmitted a long report on the complications which will result, but state department of ficials are not inclined to regard it as an unfriendly act. Ouring the Huerta regime Vera Cruz was similarly closed, but for eign vessels paid little attention to the order. Carranza's decree would prevent Mexican ships from putting in at Vera Cruz and if enforced in an unfriendly way might exact heavy penalties from foreign ' vessels en tering any Mexican port after they touched at Vera Cruz. Funston called attention to the possibility that foreign ship owners desiring not to incur the displeasure of the Carranza administration might hesitate to send cargoes to Vera Cruz, diminishing the food supply of the f?itv. In some quarters there was a dis position to regard Carranza's atti tude as one of resentment against the continued occupancy of Vera Cruz by American troons, but state department officials did not share this view. Interruption in railway traffic between Vera Cruz and Mexi co City recently occurred, but as soon as General Funston announced that he would keep all rolling stock in Vera Cruz until traffic was re sumed, the Mexican authorities ex plained that they were using the trains to transport troops, and im mediately adjusted the schedules. Paul Fuller, personal representative of the president, is due in Mexico City tomorrow to discuss with the government there questions regarding the American occupancy of Vera Cruz -as weli as the differences be tween Carranza and Villa. Although administration officials have not an nounced their position in any formal vay, it is generally understood, that recognition will be withheld until a complete agreement between the two chieftains has been reached and ar rangements made for a constitutional election. o AN UNFORESEEN CONTINGENCY t ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH . WASHINGTON, August 31. Desi derio Arias, leader of the powerful Dominican rebel faction, does not ap prove of tne provisional presidency of Prof. Don Ramon Baez, according to a report received today at the state department. Otherwise the factions are in complete agreement that Prof. Baez shall direct the new presidential election. CAPITAL EPARI1 TO DEFEND RAILROADS SAY Carriers Conducting Organ ized Campaign to Mini mize , Meaning of Request Phoenix pers Meet Today. Their Ship- That an organized campaign is be ing carried on by transcontinental railroads to minimize the importance of the demands they will make to the interstate commerce commission in October is the statement of Corpora tion Commissioner F. A. Jones, who returned yesterday from the confer ence held at Denver between repre sentatives of the intermountain states. . "Efforts are being made by repre sentatives of the railroads to con vince the board of trade and com mercial organizations in the territory affected that the commodities on which the carriers are asking for a raise in rates do not exceed thirty1 or forty, and that these are of minor importance," said Mr. Jones. "It is even argued that it would be to the interests of the shippers to support the railroads in their demands, with the result that some who have not investigated and do not realize the extent of the proposed changes have already been won over to a position of acquiesence. "At the request of the railroads, a number of their representatives met with the commissioners at which the carriers outlined their demands, stat ins that they were only asking that exceptions be made in the case of some thirty or forty commodities, and that these were of minor import ance. After they had presented their case, the commissioners produced the list of tariffs showing 107 general items on which they are asking for changes, and exactly what is being demanded in each case. In reply, the railroad men stated that their de mands as outlined to the commission, might -possibly be modified in- some (Continued ob I Page Three) Propose Stamp THEIR DEMOS NOT IMPORTANT Treasury Losses Through War 'ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, August 31. A stamp tax on soft drinks, as well as on beer and patent medicine is con templated by the members of - the house ways and means committee, which is preparing an emergency in ternal revenue bill to offset the tieasury losses due to the curtail ment of imports. It is urged that soft drinks are as much a luxury as beer and that a more equitable dis- t.'iDution or tne tax burden among the consumers will be accomplished thus. Another suggestion is a tas of five SHAKY While Rumor Has It That French Are Considering Removal of Seat of Gov ernment to Bordeaux, Soldiers Are Arriving FORTIFICATIONS BEING MANNED Thousands of Residents of Paris, in Anticipation of Siege Try to Ieave but Railway Facilities Are Lacking WASHINGTON, Aug. 31. France is consid ering the advisability of moving the seat of government from Paris to Bordeaux as a pre cautionary measure, ac cording to official ad vices. (Associated Press Dispatch) .PARIS, Aug. 31. All mght long troops from the south and west of France have been arriving at the capital and passing by rail around the citv to locations in the encircling fortifica tions to which they -have been assigned. There is great activity on the part of the municipal military administration in completing the details of plans for the defense of Paris. Lines of people stretched forelocks from the railway stations today. The lines were those .so anxious to leave the city that they thus early took their positions waiting for the ticket office tomorrow morning. All the places on trains departing today have been sold, and whole families with their hand baggage camped in the lines where they ate .their meals and slept as best they could. The Quai d'Orsay station was closed at noon. The crowd of perhaps 1,000 per sons then in line were told that no more tickets Avould be sold today. Only a few left their places. The oth- . -i 11 i a ers resigned tuemseives io a wait of 18 hours. .Seven hundred wounded soldiers arrived today at Vichy from Lorraine. Some of them say the fighting in Lorraine Avas most violent. In reply to the question whether the United States embassy would leave Paris in the event of the in vestment of the city by the Germans. Myron T. Herrick, the American am bassador, said: "The American embassy will re main here. My government joffered me the choice of returning to the United States or remaining. I chose to remain because many Americans (Continued on Page Three) Tax To Offset or ten per cent on railroad tickets, admission to baseball games, theatres End other amusements. It is es timated that from fifty to eighty mil lions can be raised in this manner. ' Doubling the present tax on beer will produce $65,000,000 according to the estimates of treasury experts. Some committee members feel that a tax on other commodities other than beer and patent medicines would cause less popular friction. There is some opposition among i the democratic members to any tax sow, contending there is enough money for present' needs.