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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, September 01, 1914, Image 1

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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL
V
TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR
10 PAGES
PHOENIX, ARIZONA, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 1, 1914
10 PAGES
VOL. XXV. NO. 106
1
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ALLIES WOULD
NOT FAVOR U. S.
BUYING SHIPS
Great Britain, France and
Russia Advised Govern
ment They Would Look
-with Disfavor Upon Such
Purchases Here.
WOKD RECEIVED
HERE INFORMALLY
France Takes Initiative,
Ambassador Jusserand
Carrying His Objections
to President Wilson in a
Recent Interview.
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
WASHINGTON, Aug. 31. Great
Britain, France and Russia advised
the United States informally they
would look with disfavor on the pur
chase by this government of German
merchant steamers to relieve the
conditions growing out of the Euro
pean war, to build up the American
merchant marine. While not convey
ed in any diplomatic correspondence,
their position has been vigorously set
forth to the president and Secretary
Bryan.
France took the initiative. Ambas
sador Jusserand carrying his objec
tions to the president in a recent
interview at the White House, All
the diplomats hold that there is no
precedent in international law for the
purchase by a neutral nation of any
great quantity of ships from a bel
ligerent. The chief objection urged
is that the transaction would estab
lish a large gold credit in the hands
of Germany.
The diplomats point out that the
German steamship companies are
closely affiliated with the German
government and that to buy their
ships now marooned in American
lorts would be tantamount to fur
nishing Germany with a large loan.
Should the American government,
however, distribute its purchases of
ships equally among the belligerent
nations they do not believe there
would be objection from any quarter.
Considerable difficulty would arise,
however, it is asserted, if for in
stance, the crew of a German vessel
purchased by the United States was
maintained on it, as the English and
French governments would not al
low the nationals of any belligerents
to land from neutral ships at their
ports. Aside from the question of
possible financial aid to Germany and
the complications over the crews of
the vessels, European diplomats who
are opposed to the plan believe dif
ficulties wodld arise as to cargoes on
the American ships. Their effort in
the present war has been to sweep
the German commerce from the seas,
and they look upon any means to
supply food to Germany or Austria
as an unneutral act.
Administration officials here de
clare the new ships would carry no
articles which are specifically defined
as contraband of war, but it is the
belief of the diplomats that their
government would object to even
conditional contraband, thus restrict
ing considerably any commerce with
the belligerents.
The European diplomats endeavored
to point out thes; desire in no way
to interfere with the upbuilding of
the American merchant marine and
wish it success in neutral countries,
but they think the American gov
ernment's ships could not be avail
able for commerce with the belliger
ent countries of Europe.
o
RESIGNS TO RUN AGAIN
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
WASHINGTON, Aug. 31. Presi
dent Carle Melendez of Salvador, has
turned over the government to Vice
President Alfred Quinonez Molena,
according to reports today to the
state department. Since Melendez
intends to offer himself as a candij
, date at the election March first, his
S resignation was forced by the con
stitution provision prohibiting the
I election of a presidential candidate
! who has held that office within six
months prior to election.
Drink Most Often Cause
Of American Inefficiency
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 31.
"Drink is the agent which most fre
quently brings the American laborer
to the stage where he must accept
casual employment." F. S. Edinger,
a local contractor who deals with
large bodies of unskilled workers,
testified today before the federal in
dustrial relations commission. His
assertion came in connection with
the statement that he preferred not
to employ unskilled American work
men. We do not employ many native
born Americans when we can do
otherwise," he said. The reason for
this is that an efficient American
workman usually can get a steady
jiosition. The class of Americans
who have to take work generally is
the kind we do not want. The cause
FRENCH WAR OFFICE
ADMITS CHECKS BUT
ANNOUNCES ADVANCES
CANADIAN TROOP
TRAIN MENACED
VALCARTIER, Quebec, Aug. 31. j
An unsuccessful attempt to j
wreck a troop train on the Cana-
dian Northern Railway about 90,
miles east of Montreal by placing
an iron rail across the tracks was
made early yesterday morning, ac-
cording to announcement made j
here this afternoon by Lieutenant j
Colonel Creelman, commander ot j
the Twenty-First battery of Mon-
treal. Running more than forty
miles an hour, our train brushed j
aside the obstruction into the
ditch and slowed down. I
Will Organize
Courts To Dispose
Of Sea Prizes
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
WASHINGTON, Aug. 31. The Brit
ish embassy officials are in constant
communication with the state depart
ment vvilh a view of expediting the or
ganization of English prize courts and
simplifying the machinery for their op
eration. Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, the
British ambassador, was at the state
department today. The government is
anxious to have the court begin sit
tings so that neurtal people owning
parts of cargoes may have them re
stored to them promptly.
The American government favors
simplicity and expedition. In the case
of capture at sea, according to inter
national law, the first duty of the cap
tor is to convey the prize to its own or
an allie s port for adjudication by spe
cial tribunals which will sit in ports of
the belligerents and their allies but
not in neutral ports. The function of
these courts is to determine whether
the capture was legally made, taking
into consideration all treaty obliga
tions which they are bound to respect.
CARDINALS RETIRE 10
CHOOSE NEW PONTIFF
Doors of Conclave Hall Closed Un
til Election Is Declared
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
ROME, Aug. 31 Cardinal Delia
Volpe, the papal chaplain, closed the
inside door of the conclave hall in
which the college of cardinals is
gathered in which to elect a suc
cessor to the late Pope Pius at 7:30
o'clock tonight. Outside stood the
governor and marshal of the con
clave. Not until a new pope has been
chosen by ballot will the doors be
opened or any intimation of the pro
cedure inside be known. All telephone
wires leading to the edifice have been
cut and communication with the out
side world severed.
Tomorrow at 11 o'clock great
crowds will gather in the square
outside St. Peters. Every eye will
be focused on the chimney of the
Sistine chapel. If smoke arises it
will indicate that no pope has been
elected. The smoke will be from the
burning ballots, mixed with straw.
Should a pontiff be elected, work
men will immediately break in the
doors and the cardinals will repair to
the balcony to. proclaim him. If the
custtm is followed, the pope will' ap
pear and bestow blessings.
o
I
MAY REMOVE
SHIP'S PASSENGERS I
WASHINGTON, Aug. 31. The
removal of German or Austrian
subjects from neutral vessels bound.
fofc the scene of war is the privil- j
egS of the belligerent powers ac- j
cording to Robert Lansing, coun- j
sellor of the state department.
Vessels flying the American flag
with foreigners aboard might be j
stopped and such passengers re- j
moved, he said.
of this inefficiency most often is
drink."
"The Mexican laborer," added the
witness, "is the best man with whom
to trust a team in such lines as
grading work."
What is the minimum amount re
quired for actual living expenses?
was a question that caused much
discussion by the different witnesses
today. Mr. Edinger said his firm
found it impossible to meet expenses
in boarding employes at $5.25 a week.
F. M. Andreani, a member of the lo
cal Italian consulate' testified that
good board and room could be ob
tained here for $4 a week. W. S.
Wollner, of the Northwestern Pa
cific railway, said many seasonal
workers wintered here on forty cents
a day, paying ten cents for lodging
and thirty cents for food.
Official Statement Tells of
Difficulties Troops En
countered, Classing Cam-
' paign of Weeks as a War
of Sieges.
FIRST OFFENSIVE
THEN DEFENSIVE
No Sooner Is a Position
Occupied by Enemy Than
It Is Fortified, Making
Progress of French Ex
ceedingly Slow.
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
PARIS, Aug. 31. The following offi
cial statement was issued by the war
office this evening:
"The situation is actually as follows:
First In Vosges and in Lorraine, it
must be remembered that our forces,
which had taken the offensive at the
beginning of operations ani driven the
enemy outside of our frontiers, after
wards underwent checks.
"Betore Sarresburg in the region of
Morrohagne where they encountered
very solid defensive works our forces
were obliged to fall back and re-form,
one part on Courrone De Nancy and the
other on the French Vosges. The Ger
mans then assumed the offensive, but
our troops after having thrown them
back upon their positions resumed the
offensive two days ago. This attack
continues to make progress, although
slowly. It is a veritable war of sieges
as each position occupied is immedi
ately fortified. This explains the slow
ness of our advance, which neverthe
less is characterized each day by fresh
successes.
"Second The region of Nancy, in
Southern Wavre. Since the beginning
of the campaign this section between
Metz' on the German side and Toul,
and Verde on the French side, has not
been the theater of important opera
tions. "Third In the department of Meuse
between Verdun and Mesieres, it is to
be remembered, the French took the
offensive in the beginning toward
Longwy, Neufchateau and Palissul.
Troops operating in the region of Spin
court and Longwy have been able to
check the enemy's army under, the
command of the German crown prince.
In' the regions of Neufchateau and Pa
lissul certain of our troops received
partial checks, which obliged them to
retire upon Meuse without having their
organization broken up. This retiring
movement compelled our forces oper
ating in the neighborhood of Spincourt
to withdraw also toward Meuse."
"During the last few days the enemy
endeavored to spread out from Meuse
with considerable forces, but by vigor
ous counter-offensive movements, they
were repelled with great losses. In the
meantr.Tie fresh forces of German sol
diers advanced to the district of Roc
roy, fin Ardennes) marching in the di
rection of Reuthel. Now a general
action is taking place between Meuse
and Reuthel, and it is still impossible
to see definitely the issue of this.
"Fourth The operations in the
north. The French took up a position
in the Meuse and Charleroi country and
Mons. They endured several repulses.
and the forcing of the Meuse defenses
by the Germans near Givet upon our
flank, compelled our troops to retire.
"The Germans seek continually to
move toward the west. It is under
these conditions that our English al
lies, attacked by the enemy in greatly
superior numbers in the region of Le
cateau and Cambrai, have withdrawn
toward the south, at the moment that
our forces are operating in the district
of Avesnes and Chiraay. The retiring
government was "prlrised during sev
eral days. .
'In the meantime a general battle
took place in the region of St. Quentin,
and Vervier and at the same time in
the Hem-Peronnes district. This battle
was marked by the important success
by our right, where we have thrown
back the Prussian guard of the tenth
army corps into the Oise.
'Owing to the progress of the Ger
man right wing, where our adversaries
united their best corps, we had to mark
a new retirement.
'On our right after partial checks,
we have taken the offensive and the
enemy is retiring before us
"In the center we have had alternate
checks and successes."
"On our left by a series of circum
stances which turned in favor of the
Germans, despite lucky counter at
tacks, the Anglo-French forces were
obliged to give way. As yet our ar
mies, notwithstanding a few incontest
able checks, remain intact.
' "The morale of our troops is excel
lent in spite of considerable losses
which are also being rapidly filled from
regimental depots."
WIRELESS AGREEMENT
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
WASHINGTON, August 31. Both
Germany and Great Britain accepted
the first of the two alternate pro
posals suggested by the United States
in a -recent note to the belligerents
regarding the " censorship of wireless
communication in Europe . and
France and Russia are expected to
follow Great Britain, while Austria
is understood to ba in harmony with
Germany's views. Prompt adjust
ment Is believed in sight
30,000 CZAR S
IK TAKEN BY
GERMAN FORCES
German Ambassador Re
ceives Messages Concern
ing Capture of Russian
Soldiers Including Many
High Officers
GERMANS SUFFER
IN LOU VAIN
Rotterdam Correspondent an
Eyewitness of the Attack
Bv the Population of
Louvain
Troops ,
on the German
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
NEW YORK, Aug. 31. Count Johann
Von Bernstorff, the German ambas
sador, received from Berlin two more
messages which were made public. One
of them told of the capture of 30,000
Russian soldiers and many high offi
cers as previously announced by the
German embassy at Washington.
The other message read:
A Rotterdam newspaper correspon
dent was an eye witness of a perfidious
attack by the population of Louvain on
the German troops. An officer of the
German staff was found with his throat
cut. In Longwy machines for the fab
rication of dum-dum cartridges were
found "here the text of the message
became so garbled as to be unintellig
ible. The words, "evacuated, French
garrison and fifty thousand" appeared.
Discussing the conflict the ambassa
dor said it was a "war of the German
nation, man for man."
"Germany did not begin the war,"
he said, "she did not want war; she is,
and always has been Willing to have
peace." The ambassador declared that
France and Great Britain defeated on
land, have only recruits or volunteers
to send against the Germans. "We
cannot be beaten," he said. "That's
why we have taken about 40,000 men
from the western border to the east
ern to hurl them against the Russians."
Germans are Advancing
LONDON, Aug. 31. Taken at its
face value, the French official an
nouncement this afternoon which men
tions that the progress of the German
right wing has forced the allies to
yield further ground would seem to in
dicate that the German.", notwithstand
ing repulses, are maning oauy ad
vances toward Paris. The statement
Sunday of Field Marshal Sir John
French, commander of the British
troops, however, spoke of fighting on
the French left, but this according to
one report, resulted in the German
right being slightly turned.
Austrian invasion of Russian terri
tory in the Lublin district, which
aroused the apprehension of the allies
has, if Russian dispatches are to be
relied upon, been blocked. The Musco
vites claim to have turned the Russian
defensive into offensive action. There
is no confirmation of the report that
the Russians are in Koenigsberg. If
silence means that nothing is happen
ing, Sir John French's statement on
Sunday that the British have not been
molested since Wednesday still holds
good. Nothing is known by the public
London of new fighting either in
northern or eastern France. From
Canada, India, Australia and South
Africa, the British army at the front
will soon receive large reinforcements.
Some of these troops are reported to
have aTTeady landed in France. In
England the "recruiting fever has not
abated. In Liverpool today a battalion
of 1000 business men was filled within
an hour apd there was such an over
flow that it was decided to enroll a
second battalion. The British gov
ernment has started negotiations,
through the American consul at Ber
lin, for the exchange with Germany and
Austria of non-combatants held as
prisoners.
According to the Times' St. Peters
burg correspondent, Russia's appeal to
the Poles to reunite against the Teu
tons has had an extraordinary effect
among the Slav soldiers in the German
service.
Information received in St. Peters
burg, it is said, indicated that Polish
soldiers belonging to the sixth Bres
lau army corps serving on the western
frontier, mutinied and killed their of
ficers. The Slav regiments in the Austrian
service are also declared to be notor
iously disaffected. The Novoe Vremja
states that one whole Austrian regi
ment went over to the Russian side.
A correspondent of the Express at
The Hague wires his paper that Em
peror William has gone to the Russian
front.
Austrians Suffer Defeat
ROME, Aug. 31. The Messagero
published' a telegram from Sofia, Bul
garia, which says that the Austrians
have suffered Jrreparable defeat at Za
moz in Russian Poland, fifty miles
southeast of Lublin.
Canadians to1 Bermuda
HALIFAX, N. S., Aug. 31. Eight
hundred British regulars will be with
drawn from service in Bermuda and
will be replaced by an equal number
of Canadian volunteers. Later the Ca
nadians may also be sent to the front
in Europe. '
FRENCH
PR
IN LIEGE AND VISE
" DESOLATION REIGNS
(Associated Press Dispatch.)
LONDON, Aug. 31 A dispatch to the Reuter Tele
gram company from Ostcnd says that a small party that
returned from Liege describes the destruction wrought
by the war as appalling.
"All along the road to Vise," said one of the party,
''there was nothing to be seen but walls blackened by
smoke, remains of burned factories, and mounds of
freshly dug earth, sepulchres of the first Germans to fall.
"And then comes Vise. What a painful sight for
those who knew the proud city, so typical of Walloon
gaiety! Now nothing but a mass of ruins, while many
inhabitants lie all over the place, their ' chests riddled
with bullets. I was told here that natives were put to
work building the roads for the invaders from Vise to
Aix la Chapelle.
"On the way to Argenteau we met a procession of
able-bodied men, marching four abreast, commanded by
a non-commissioned officer, all carrying implements for
road or trench building. These men have to submit to
severe discipline.
"The inhabitants of Liege stood at the thresholds
of their homes, silent, anxious, but afraid to speak. The
streets in the middle of the town wore a deplorable
aspect. Many houses- were abandoned and others were
in ruins."
CARRAnZA HAS
ORDERED VERA
CRUZ CLOSED
General Funston Sends a
Long Report on Compli
cations That Will Result,
But 'Officals Do Not Re
gard It as Unfriendly.
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
WASHINGTON, August 31. Car
re nza has ordered the port of Vera
Cruz closed, according to official ad
vices to the American government.
General Funston transmitted a long
report on the complications which
will result, but state department of
ficials are not inclined to regard it
as an unfriendly act.
Ouring the Huerta regime Vera
Cruz was similarly closed, but for
eign vessels paid little attention to
the order. Carranza's decree would
prevent Mexican ships from putting
in at Vera Cruz and if enforced in
an unfriendly way might exact heavy
penalties from foreign ' vessels en
tering any Mexican port after they
touched at Vera Cruz.
Funston called attention to the
possibility that foreign ship owners
desiring not to incur the displeasure
of the Carranza administration might
hesitate to send cargoes to Vera
Cruz, diminishing the food supply of
the f?itv.
In some quarters there was a dis
position to regard Carranza's atti
tude as one of resentment against
the continued occupancy of Vera
Cruz by American troons, but state
department officials did not share
this view. Interruption in railway
traffic between Vera Cruz and Mexi
co City recently occurred, but as
soon as General Funston announced
that he would keep all rolling stock
in Vera Cruz until traffic was re
sumed, the Mexican authorities ex
plained that they were using the
trains to transport troops, and im
mediately adjusted the schedules.
Paul Fuller, personal representative
of the president, is due in Mexico
City tomorrow to discuss with the
government there questions regarding
the American occupancy of Vera
Cruz -as weli as the differences be
tween Carranza and Villa. Although
administration officials have not an
nounced their position in any formal
vay, it is generally understood, that
recognition will be withheld until a
complete agreement between the two
chieftains has been reached and ar
rangements made for a constitutional
election.
o
AN UNFORESEEN CONTINGENCY
t ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
. WASHINGTON, August 31. Desi
derio Arias, leader of the powerful
Dominican rebel faction, does not ap
prove of tne provisional presidency
of Prof. Don Ramon Baez, according
to a report received today at the
state department. Otherwise the
factions are in complete agreement
that Prof. Baez shall direct the new
presidential election.
CAPITAL
EPARI1 TO DEFEND
RAILROADS SAY
Carriers Conducting Organ
ized Campaign to Mini
mize , Meaning of
Request Phoenix
pers Meet Today.
Their
Ship-
That an organized campaign is be
ing carried on by transcontinental
railroads to minimize the importance
of the demands they will make to the
interstate commerce commission in
October is the statement of Corpora
tion Commissioner F. A. Jones, who
returned yesterday from the confer
ence held at Denver between repre
sentatives of the intermountain
states.
. "Efforts are being made by repre
sentatives of the railroads to con
vince the board of trade and com
mercial organizations in the territory
affected that the commodities on
which the carriers are asking for a
raise in rates do not exceed thirty1 or
forty, and that these are of minor
importance," said Mr. Jones. "It is
even argued that it would be to the
interests of the shippers to support
the railroads in their demands, with
the result that some who have not
investigated and do not realize the
extent of the proposed changes have
already been won over to a position
of acquiesence.
"At the request of the railroads, a
number of their representatives met
with the commissioners at which the
carriers outlined their demands, stat
ins that they were only asking that
exceptions be made in the case of
some thirty or forty commodities,
and that these were of minor import
ance. After they had presented their
case, the commissioners produced the
list of tariffs showing 107 general
items on which they are asking for
changes, and exactly what is being
demanded in each case. In reply, the
railroad men stated that their de
mands as outlined to the commission,
might -possibly be modified in- some
(Continued ob I Page Three)
Propose Stamp
THEIR DEMOS
NOT IMPORTANT
Treasury Losses Through War
'ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
WASHINGTON, August 31. A
stamp tax on soft drinks, as well as
on beer and patent medicine is con
templated by the members of - the
house ways and means committee,
which is preparing an emergency in
ternal revenue bill to offset the
tieasury losses due to the curtail
ment of imports. It is urged that
soft drinks are as much a luxury as
beer and that a more equitable dis-
t.'iDution or tne tax burden among
the consumers will be accomplished
thus.
Another suggestion is a tas of five
SHAKY
While Rumor Has It That
French Are Considering
Removal of Seat of Gov
ernment to Bordeaux,
Soldiers Are Arriving
FORTIFICATIONS
BEING MANNED
Thousands of Residents of
Paris, in Anticipation of
Siege Try to Ieave but
Railway Facilities Are
Lacking
WASHINGTON, Aug.
31. France is consid
ering the advisability
of moving the seat of
government from Paris
to Bordeaux as a pre
cautionary measure, ac
cording to official ad
vices. (Associated Press Dispatch)
.PARIS, Aug. 31. All
mght long troops from the
south and west of France
have been arriving at the
capital and passing by rail
around the citv to locations
in the encircling fortifica
tions to which they -have
been assigned.
There is great activity on
the part of the municipal
military administration in
completing the details of
plans for the defense of
Paris.
Lines of people stretched
forelocks from the railway
stations today. The lines
were those .so anxious to
leave the city that they thus
early took their positions
waiting for the ticket office
tomorrow morning. All the
places on trains departing
today have been sold, and
whole families with their
hand baggage camped in the
lines where they ate .their
meals and slept as best they
could.
The Quai d'Orsay station
was closed at noon. The
crowd of perhaps 1,000 per
sons then in line were told
that no more tickets Avould
be sold today. Only a few
left their places. The oth-
. -i 11 i a
ers resigned tuemseives io a
wait of 18 hours.
.Seven hundred wounded
soldiers arrived today at
Vichy from Lorraine. Some
of them say the fighting in
Lorraine Avas most violent.
In reply to the question whether
the United States embassy would
leave Paris in the event of the in
vestment of the city by the Germans.
Myron T. Herrick, the American am
bassador, said:
"The American embassy will re
main here. My government joffered
me the choice of returning to the
United States or remaining. I chose
to remain because many Americans
(Continued on Page Three)
Tax To Offset
or ten per cent on railroad tickets,
admission to baseball games, theatres
End other amusements. It is es
timated that from fifty to eighty mil
lions can be raised in this manner.
' Doubling the present tax on beer
will produce $65,000,000 according to
the estimates of treasury experts.
Some committee members feel that
a tax on other commodities other
than beer and patent medicines
would cause less popular friction.
There is some opposition among i
the democratic members to any tax
sow, contending there is enough
money for present' needs.

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