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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, September 03, 1914, Image 4

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Ill ill Arizona Republican's Editorial Page llu jj
The Arizona Republican
Published by
The Only Paper in Arizona Published Every Day In
the Tear. Only Morning Paper in Phoenix.
Dwight B. Heard President and Manager
Charles A. Stauffer Business Manager
Garth W. Cate Assistant Business Manager
J. W. Spear ...Editor
Ira H. S. Huggett City Editor
Exclusive Morning Associated Press Dispatches.
Office. Corner Second and Adams Streets.
Entered at the Postofflce at Phoenix, Arizona, aa Mall
Matter of the Second Class.
Address all communications to THE ARIZONA REPUB
LICAN. Phoenix. Arizona.
Business Office 421
City Editor 433
Pally, one month, in advance .75
Dally, three months. In advance 2.00
Dally, six months, in advance 4.00
Dally, one year, in advance 8.00
Sundays only, by maii 2.60
War, he sung, is toil and trouble;
Honour, but an empty bubble.
rohn Dry den.
The Water at Roosevelt
The Roosevelt dam is steadily gaining- and has
been doing so for the past week. The Verde has
kept up its flow well, and altogethher the situation
is a very satisfactory one. The situation is prac
tically the same as it was a year ago, with this
added advantage to water users: they have learned
that they had formerly used much more water than
they needed; much more than was good for crops,
and that conservation may be as profitably prac
ticed by a judicious use of the water as by the
storing of it in the first instance.
There is an advantage, not only to farmers, but
to all citizens in having learned that the highways
are not helped by being irrigated, flooded and ren
dered impassable. In many ways we have been
taught the value of water, and, consequently, the
proper use of water.
A year ago some farmers were slightly uneasy.
Though, as it turned out, there was plenty of water,
some feared there might not be. The result has
given us a greater degree of optimism and that is
worth a whole lot of water and money.
A Month of War
The European war, that is, the war exclusive of
the operations between Austria and Servia and the
military preparations of Russia, began one month
ago yesterday. On August 2, the German invasion
of France was begun on the border between those
two countries and which now appears to have been a
feint rather than attack. Great Britain was not yet
in the war, but was slipping, as the Germans plainly
Expected it would slip. The neutrality of Belgium
had already been disregarded, as Germany explained,
because across it lay the easiest and most direct
route to the heart of France. It is now quite ap
parent that that route was chosen, not with Paris
as the first objective, but because it afforded the
most direct means of controlling the north of France,
shutting off British reinforcements, for although
Great Britain was not involved, Germany knew that
it would be, and intended that it should be.
A comparison may be made between the progress
the Germans have made within a month and that
made by them in 1S70, though the comparison in
volves different lines. They have advanced no less
rapidly from the Franco-German border than they
did forty-four years ago and then they were aim
ing directly at Paris. The route the main army took
then has been occupied only by the extreme left
wing in this war.
In one month after the beginning of the war
of 1870, following the battles aboyt Metz, the Ger
mans were at Vionville, about 145 miles from Paris.
To reach that point they had to fight through Lor
raine, then French territory. In the present war
they have had to do some fighting in the same ter
ritory to reach a point a very little nearer Paris on
the same route, than they were a month after the
war of 1870 began.
But as the battle line, conceiving the whole Ger
man front for nearly 300 miles to be one' battle line,
extends to the north, it has been moved farther and
farther westward until now the right wing of the
army is in the vicinity of La Fere, only sixty miles
northeast of Paris, with an extension of this wing
thrown still farther to the northwest, almost to
Amiens, the latter point being about sixty miles
north and slightly west of Paris.
Just where the German left wing is, is not clear.
Some days ago it had captured Luneville, about 160
miles east and slightly south of Paris. Paris dis
patches have stated that the French were, at least,
holding their own in the Vosg'es, but at the same
time they described fighting with great violence at
Neafchateau, lying between Paris and the Vosges.
From all that can be learned of the locality of
the German left wing, the battle front Is the arc of
a great circle whose chord would more nearly lie east
and west than north and south. The left wing seems
to have been used more for a pivotal than a pro
gressive movement, and the purpose of the Germans
when they invaded Belgium, to control as quickly
as possible the north coast of France, becomes
clearer. It may be seen that their direct westward
movement has been made at practically the same
rate they made In 1870, while the flanking move
ment to the northwest has been surprisingly rapid.
Where the Blame Lies
The search for the cause of war prices has led
the investigators to the lair of the middleman, con
cerning whom there was some suspicion when we
were wondering about the then high, but (compared
with present war prices) Really low cost of living.
The investigation has so- far shown that there is a.
changed relation between supply and demand, and
that the "relation had been steadily changing for a
long period before the breaking out of the war.
It was the sudden great and not readily explicable
change that took place on the first declaration of
war that called for the inquiry which has developed
that prices' were not raised by producers, and that
there was not such an increased demand as to war
rant the new prices. Since the prices were not a
result of the operation of the law of supply and de
mand, and since they covered so wide a chasm be
tween the price the producer could get for his prod
ucts and the price the consumer had to pay for
them, the inquiry lay in a broad field between the
consumer and the producer, a field densely pop
ulated by middlemen, a great many more of them
than seem necessary to the greatest good to the
greatest number of our citizens.
As the greatest good to the greatest number is
the ultimate object of all government. It may be
expected that the government win further explore
the field of middlemen with the object of ascertain
ing whether it cannot be weeded out, cultivated and
restrained to the popular advantage.
Politicians in the past have concealed the real
cause of the high cost of living. They attracted the
attention of the people away from its vicinity. They
screened the lair of the middlemen. Democrats and
republicans charged one another with the crime of
making living high. The democrats laid it at the
door of the protective tariff. Republicans laid it at
the door of characteristic democratic inefficiency.
Sensible citizens might have seen that the tariff had
nothing to do with it; that politics were passively to
blame in part; that both parties were guilty of neg
lect. It has now for the first time been pretty plainly
pointed out, and quite generally admitted, what the
cause of war prices is. The next thing is to apply
the remedy, not for temporary relief, or to meet a
present exigency, but a remedy which will be at the
same time a preventive.
The Republican acknowledges the receipt of
an invitation from the Tucson Citizen to be present
at its house-warming. Unfortunately the invitation
arrived after the close of the festivities.
The czar may call his capital Petergrad or
Petrograd, or what he pleases, but he will have a
hard time keeping the rest of us from saying St.
Petersburg or Petersburg.
Secretary McAdoo manifests a disposition to
resent the Anglo-French advice to us "where to
head in" in the matter of acquiring a merchant
The Germans, we notice, are being steadily
driven back toward Paris.
(The Kansas City Star.)
As we understand it a Servian socialist who
was partly sane when sober, gof drunk and killed
an Austrian noble and his noble consort. Austria
observing the unseemly incident, addressed herself
to Servia sternly, as follows: "See here, kid, no
rough stuff. I propose to be a father to you. Come
into the woodshed." "Hold on," says Russia, "don't
you dare lay a hand on that kid, Austy. He's my
kid and anyhow you'd make a fine father for any
one. I don't think," he says. "Think again, you
hig slob," says Austria. "If you can think twice
in one day," he says. "And while you're thinking
what I'm telling you," he says, "I don't like the
color of your eye, and jour nose offends me and
your feet don't track. Besides," says he, "I can
lick you," he says, "and I will, too."
"Good boy, Austy," sings out Wilhclm. "I can
lick him myself. I can lick anybody; why can't I
lick everybody," says Wilhelm. "We'll take him
on together and show him," says he. So Germany
starts for France and slips up incidentally, landing
with both feet in the middle of Belgium. "Get
off my stummick," wails Belgium, "or I'll bite your
leg off," says he. "Ouch; be patient, Belgy," says
Wilhelm. "Beg pardon, I'll get off when I have
to," says he. "Excuse me, or I'll soak you," he
says. "Now, watch me while I soak Gaston one."
"No fair," says France. "I wasn't looking, any
how," says he. "Take that," says he, slipping
Wilhelm a hot one.
"I hate to fight," says England, "but I can bust
the jaw of anyone what slaps my dear friend
Gaston, who I never did like anyhow. But I will
defend him till death," says he. "You don't hate
it any worser than me," says Japan, standing back
for an opening. "Anyhow you started it," says
Wilhelm to Nicholas. "You started It yourself,"
yells everybody to everybody else, sticking out their
tongues. Then they all clinch and the little fellows
dance around watching for a chance to get in a
punch and run.
Moral: If you want to fight all you have to
do is to say so.
o .
If it is true that Belgium is to receive $100,000,000
from England and France as a solace for the losses
incurred through her brave resistance of the invaders
the world will feel that the gift is well bestowed.
"Horum omnium fortissimi sunt Belgae" (Of all these
the bravest are the Belgians) writes Caesar in his
"Commentaries"' of the tribe which inhabited the
northwestern part of Gaul. There was no Liege in
his day, but the identical site of Namur was oc
cupied T?y Aduaticum, which gave him a resistance
of many days after his defeat of the Nervil.
The Belgians, who once occupied the land north
of the Seine almost to the banks of the Rhine, have
preserved their name as a people from that day to
this, but their name as a nation, obliterated by Cae
sar, was not revived until 18.10, when the present
kingdom was founded. AH through the Dark Ages,
the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and even through
the Napoleonic period, their country's identity was
merged in that of the Nietherlands. Sixteen years
after the defense of Quatre Bras by the Belgians,
the kingdom which united the people with Holland
collapsed and the Belgians asserted their indepen
dence as a nation. New York Times.
"Why don't you. propose to that girl? You like
her and I'm sure she would have you."
"All true, but there is an insuperable obstacle
between us."
"All family or religious objections can be over
come." "Nothing like that. I got a little too gay when
I first met her and told her I was getting $50. a
week whereas I am getting only $25." Louisville
Margaret How does your friend, Mrs. Brown,
stand on the suffrage question?
Anna She's doing picket duty.
Margaret Doing picket duty what, for suf
frage? Anna Oh, no; she's' on the fence Christian
P Escrows
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mtW K : Puts You at Ease :
iSf, yV By escrowing your land or :
r",'NN - W " , Ijy real estate deals through our
' . well organized and experi- :
(c) Underwood & Underwood. enced office, every detail will ;
Here is the ambulance division of the German army, ready to care foi get Correct attention, and yOU
the wounded as tiy ere brought from the field of battle. A woundea mi e t s I, J ,
German soldier wiia a Oar.dagtd head is seen in the picture. . Will leel Sale in all the years
to come. Consult with us.
. 1 Phoenix Title
If great Napoleon's shade looks down from some
red star, on mighty hosts arrayed for stern, de
cisive war. he'll see so many traps unheard .of in
his day, that he will groan, perhaps, and heave a
sigh, and say: "Great Scott! Had I possessed such
implements as those, how quickly galley west I
should have knocked my foes! Ah, those quick
firing guns magnificent, sublime! They scatter
tons and tons of hardware at a time! And see
those soldiers fly, on boiler metal wings! They
soar up to the sky, and drop their bombs, by jings!
Alas, in all my wars I rode a spavined steed, but
now, in motor cars, the generals proceed. When
messages I sent, a soldier bore the same, and foe
men, as he went, shot fragments from his frame:
but now this wireless scheme sends messages afar;
it all seems like a dream, and not a bit like war.
My soldiers used to slay, with sword and spear they
' hewed; but now in half a day, they kill a multi
tude. Alas, I think with tears, of my brave, trusty
ones, who fought with rusty spears and muzzle
loading guns. The modern fighter knows no weary
toil, I ween; he sizes up his foes and kills them by
machine. Had I been thus equipped for but one
single hour, I surely should have stripped all cap
tains of their power."
The Uhlan, the cavalry arm of the Gorman
army, has had his full share of fighting at Liege
and at other places on the long line of battle now
raging. Splendid efficiency is the reputation which
the Uhlan enjoys both at home and in the camps
of the enemy. This high standing was won mainly
during tho Franco-Prussian war, when they did
wonderful scout service and were no mean factor
in beating down the opposition of the French in
the field.
The Uhlan huzzar was borrowed from the Polish
military system. Uhlan meant simply lancer. Huz
zar is a word that comes from the language of the
Hungarians, meaning twenty. It commemorates the
time when every group of twenty men in the king
dom was required to furnish one cavalryman. So
it means the representative of twenty men. The
word dates from tho time of Mathias Corvinus,
when in national Hungarian levies, every twenty
men had to furnish one fully equipped horseman,
who, in accordance with the fact, was called "huz
zar." So efficient was the Uhlan in the war of
forty-four years ago that he was called the
'"ubiquitous Uhlan."
The lance is the distinguishing arm of the
Uhlan. It was the Polish lancers, the finest regi
ments of light horse in the Austrian service, that
made the arm popular in all the armies of Europe.
Part of its success is owing to the great care taken
in forming the regiments. They are divided in
groups of one hundred or less, and only men of like
habits of mind are admitted to a group. The of
ficer in charge must understand each man inti
mately in character, physical strength and temper,
for horse and man must be matched with the ut
most care and Judgment if the best that each is
capable of is to be attained. Brooklyn Eagle.
A few .days ago we ran across the ghost of old
Doc Homer, the well known (among five or six)
sport historian of ancient Greece.
"Say," he said in well modulated accents, "can
you slip me a coupon to this next world seriesV"
"Sure," we answered, remembering that the
fellow once had some talent, even if we never cared
a lot for his stuff.,
"Who," asked the ancient bard, "will probably
work the opening game?"
"It will probably be Matty against Plank," we
"Then never mind the ticket," he came back'
with a poorly suppressed yawn.- "I saw enough
cf those two guys in a world series when , 'I was
sporting editor of the Grecian Bugle four thousand
years ago. I ll drop around about 1960 when there's
some new stuff on the program." Grantland Rice
in Collier's Weekly.
t7- 1 ana Trust u.
Austria XT
By george fitch 18 North First Avenue.
Author of "At Good Old Si wash"
Austria is an inrcntion of European statesman
ship which is maintained for the purpose of keep
ing the Slav3, Teutons and Turks from rubbing
elbows too vigorously.
It is a polyglot purgatory, composed of frag
ments of a score of races in a violent altercation.
And yet Austria is a vast improvement over what
was there before it For many centuries this section
of Europe was a hell in which various races met
to settle their little hatreds, far from civilization
and a referee "who could keep them from biting in
the clinches.
. W.- I."'.
"Austria has a parliament in which her various
nationalities debate with ink bottle and
Austria has 240,000 square miles, or somewhat
fewer than Texas. Into this territory are stuffed
4,"1,000,000 people, including 17,000,000 Huns, who
hate the Germans; 11,000,000 Germans who despise
the Serbs; several million Serbs who go out of
their way to swat a Magyar, and 6,000,000 Bohemi
ans, who hate the whole crowd. Further irritations
are produced by Moravians, Ruthenians, Slavonians,
Croatians, Bulgarians, Poles, Roumanians, and vari
ous other nations and races, who sit up nights to
hate each other. When we consider that all this
ill feeling is contained peaceably in a country small
er than Texas, which can scarcely contain the
democratic party without an armed guard, we are
filled with awe over the statesmanship of Austria.
The Romans used the Austrian territory for an
exercise ground in which to fight Huns and Goths.
Later on it was fought over by Tartars, Moslems,
Russians, Teutons, and unattached entries. In the
thirteenth century the Hapsburg brothers got hold
of it and made a kingdom out of it. Since then
Austria lias produced incredible amounts of history.
Vut it does not produce as much manufactured
The Phoenix
goods as Chicago nor as much farm products as
Iowa and Illinois. And yet 45,000,000 people have
to live on them. This explains why the steerage
department of ships arriving in this country are
always overloaded with Austrians.
Austria has a parliament in which its various
nationalities debate with ink bottles and furniture.
It has a fine old emperor, Franz Joseph, who has
served as peacemaker for half a century. It has
the handsomest capital in Europe Vienna and
many great scholars, artists and musicians. It also
had a navy at the moment at which this was
Austria's two greatest visitors have been Napo
leon and T. Roosevelt, the latter having been re
ceived with much more hospitality than the former.
M. A. Oudin, manager of the foreign depart
ment of the Qeneral Electric Company, in an in--terview
with a representative of the Electrical
World, declared that the opportunity before Ameri
can manufacturers as a result of the curtailment
of European production is one that concerns all
irdustries. Oudin pointed out that while the
stoppage of European supplies of all kinds is a
factor favorable to a great extension of American
trade, there, are two adverse factors which have a
very important bearing upon the magnitude of the
trade that may be obtained. The first adverse fac
tor is the financial disturbance which has existed
throughout the world for over a year. This eco
nomic depression, particularly in South America,
has been made much worse by the war in Europe.
The second adverse factor, which is of a tempor
ary character, is the dislocation of transportation
facilities which now exists.
In the beginning American manufacturers should
make up their minds to spend a large amount in
investigation of foreign conditions, particularly in
South America. They should expect no return for
the first year or two. The difficulties of the
language, the different customs and different busi
ness practices, and the entire difference in racial
characteristics, are not perhaps, fully appreciated
bv those who do a little export business with La
tin America, and not at all by tlrbse who have no
acquaintance with the Latin -American people. It
is worse than useless to send the American type
of drummer to South America.
Oudin's familiarity, with conditions convinces
him that the present concentrated attention upon
our foreign business is in itself a potential factor
making for a very large foreign trade, and that it
must give rise to the element of permanency which
has been conspicuously absent from our efforts in
the past.
National Bank
H. J. McClung, President
M.C. McDougall, Vice-Pres. T. E. Pollock, Vice-Pres.
H. D. Marshall, Cashier
H. M. Galliver, Asst. Cashier '
G. G. Fuller, Asst. Cashier , - :'

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