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THE ARIZONA BE PUBLICAN,
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL - TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 12 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 4, 1914 12 PAGES .VOL. XXV. NO. 109 KAISER AND ADVISERS LEA VING FOR THE FRONT MARK WAR'S BEGINNING As in 1R70 rlir. AIYn-n Tm. portant of the Emperor's Councillors Accompany Him to Scene of Actual Fighting CAMPAIGN IS MACHINE WORK Practically Every Movement of the Gennans Seems to Have Been Thought Out Years Ago and Not Since Departed From ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH BERLIN, Sept. 3. The departure it Emperor William "in the direc tion of Mayence." (that is as much as the press was permitted to know or report about It) may be said to mark the beginning of this great European war, so far as Germany is concerned. As in 1870. the more Important of the Emperor's advisers went to th tunt with him. The party included Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg, Secretary of State von Jagow, War Minister von Falkenhayn, and other high governmental and army officials. Tht plan of campaign is that thought out many years ago and neve-.- since departed from to bend all energies at the very outset to the smashing of . Germany's western neighbor. Russia is to be left to Austria until France shall have been disposed of. No one can come In daily contact with the officers of the general staff without being impressed with their confidence in an eventual and abso lute victory. There is no boasting, no disposition to underrate the abili ty of the enemy, but there is grim determination to win at any cost. That this cost will be ter.-ifically high is not for a moment doubted, but the men in charge of operations are determined to make- any sacri fice, no matter how appalling, to reach their goal. A marked feature of the situation las been the wonderful manner in wmch German mobilization was: car ried out. Everything was prepared in advance. Remarkably enough, there was not during the whole leriod of mobilization, a single ques tion from any person in charge of any branch of the work. An illustration of the thorough preparedness of the general staff is trie experience of America's military attache. Major Langhorne, who called m War Minister von Falkenhayn in the midst of the mobilization. Major I-anghrrne began to excuse himself for intruding at such a busy time. "Come in, major," said von Falken hayn. "I'm not particularly busy. I haven't anything to do." A striking thing about the organ ization of the general staff is the fact that one department has absolutely j no knowledge of what is going on in the other. Each office.- has his par ticular work to do and nothing else. Many of the busiest high officers in the staff know less about the course of affairs to date than Is known by the general public. The only department of the gen eral staff which was not systema tiaed in advance was the press de partment, which even yet is not working smoothly. There is no agreement or common understanding among the dozen different officers in charge of the distribution of news and its censorship, and one is dis posed to admit dispatches of which the other will not hear. The working arrangements, too, are so clumsy that unnecessary delays of many hours are caused which could have been avoided. The enthusiasm of the people for war passes all bounds and continues to increase, if that be possible. There are no longer any parties. In time of peace the ruler often has called the social democrats "fellows without a country" together with less pleas ant names. The sale of socialist newspapers at the railway stations' (Continued on Page Seven) Collective Bargaining Is Only Necessary Makeshift ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. g. Al though Indorsing collective bargain ing. Fremont Older, managing editor of the San Francisco Bulletin, re curds it only as a "necessary make shift" pending the elevation of the Ideal of human Bociety above mere mcney getting, he told the federal industrial relations commission today. This comment and others was caused by his being asked to suggest a bet ter method of adjusting wage scales than collective bargaining. "I think changing the' ideal of hu man society from mere getting to a more altruistic point of view would te better thBn collective bargaining." he testified. "That is a matter of education, of course." "How would you apply it practi cally?" Inquired Commissioner Wein Klock, who was acting as chairman. "I did not say It could be applied WILL DEFEND PLANS TO THE VERY END PARIS, Sept. 3. General Gal lieni, commander of the army de fending the city, today issued the following proclamation to the inhabitants of Paris: '"Members of the government of the repub lic left Paris in order to give I new impetus to the defense of the nation. I have been ordered to defend Paris against the in- vader and this order I will ful ! fil to the end. (Signed) GALL1ENI, Military Commander of Paris, Commanding the Army of Paris." Turkey Refuses Request To Send Ship To Capital ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Sept. 3 Turkey has declined to grant the request of the United States for permission to send the cruiser North Carolina through the Dardanelles to Constan tinople to deliver $150,000 in gold deposited here for the relief of Amer icans in the Ottoman empire. The grand vizier informed , the American government that the waters of the Dardanelles had been mined, and it would be unsafe for a vessel as large as the North Carolina to go through the straits. The grand vizier declared also that it might establish a precedent for the passage of other foreign warships, and suggested that the American naval yacht Scorpion, on duty con stantly in Turkish waters along with other light vessels that serve foreign missions, be sent to sea to meet the North Carolina. This is the sub stance of a long cablegram received at the White House and state de- jpartment from Ambassador Morgen thau, the first message in several days. He, made no mention of any .declaration of war, but referred to the diplomatic situation as highly critical. The ambassador reported that all Americans who wished to leave had done so, and he thought the lunds on board the North Caro lina would be sufficient for immedi ate needs. INSURANCE BUREAU OPEN Government Marine Risk Insurance Not Yet in Demand ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHJ WASHINGTON, Sept. 3. The gov ernment bureau of marine war risk insurance began organization today but quoted no rates, and received na requests for insurance. In the opin ion of officials there is little proba bility of applications until the presi dent has issued his proclamation altering the navigation laws as pro vided in the bill permitting ships of foreign register to come under the American flag. o BERNSTORFF SEES PRESIDENT ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Sept. 3. Count Von Bernstorff, ' the German ambas sador, called on President Wilson for the first time since his return from Germany. He was received in the blue room. The European war was not mentioned, the ambassador mere ly paying his respects and the call lasting only a few minutes. BRING DOWN AIRSHIPS ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON, Sept. 3. A dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph company from Paris declares one of the Ger man aeropfanes of the Taube type, which recently dropped bombs on the city of Paris, has been brought down. Two German aviators on board were killed. practically," Mr. Older replied. "You asked me if I could think of a better way. So long as our only ideal is possession, I don't know of a better way than to go on hammering and to hammer for more on one side, and for more on the other. That is the way the system works out." Mr. Older declared that as organ ized labor increases its strength, t nances of a strike decrease and the 1 . ' , entire community benefits by thejUeSS Ot evening, nearly ail closed shop because it gives the riihilated a German infantry worker more money to spend. "If , i i j.i i 'i my only desire was to accumulate regiment which they had pioperty and money I probably would mistaken for Belgians. The prefer the open shop," he said. "Tinder the onen shon the meanest man in town would set the rate of.to face the anger of Em wages. Under the closed shop he -r,Cirnr' Will ram TTic wirlrvw must pay what every one else does.Pe.r0r William. II IS W1U0, Mr. Older said he had little confi- With WilOHl I am acquainted, dence in conciliation boards, . top. it informed me of his death on was iiiiius.iui v,, iimne i-apuai ana labor want less." AMIENS FALLS BEFORE GERMAN THREE DAY BOUT London Daily Mail Corre spondent Declares That Party of Uhlans Enters City and French Retire to Picquigay MAYOR ANNOUNCES CITY'S SURRENDER Later Executive of City and MunicipaLCouncillors Pay Visit to New Commander and Are Made Responsi ble for Citizens ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON, Sept. 3. A dispatch from Amiens, France to the Daily Mail, dat ed Tuesday, declares the Germans have taken possession of Amiens after three days fighting. "It was seven o'clock Sunday even ing." says the Mail correspondent, "when a party of Uhlans entered Ami ens by the Rue Jules Barny. The French retired to Picquigay, eight miles southwest, blowing up both bridges over the Somme." "After the brief reconnaissance the Uhlans retired. Half an hour later they returned accompanied by an en voy bearing a white flag. The latter interviewed the mayor at the town hall. After an hour's discussion the mayor' appeared in front of the town hall with trumpeters and officially announced the surrender of the city. He urged the citizens to make no disturbances. Later the mayor and municipal coun cillors drove in carriages to pay a for mal visit to the German commander who told them they would be held re sponsible with their lives for the good conduct of the citizens. The Germans thereupon went to the town hall, where they hauled down the French flag and hoisted the German colors. German troops began entering the city about midday Monday, singing as they came, "Die Wacht am Rhein". and "Deutch land Ueber Aiies." No" time "ft" wast ed, however, as orders were to move swiftly out on the high roads to Paris. Oniy a few men were left to guard the city." A dispatch to the Star from Athens says: "The Servians are sending as many troops as possible to reinforce these already at the river Drina. There is no truth in the report that the Austrians are withdrawing troops from the Servian frontier and sending them to meet the Russians. On the contra- Austria is sending more men against Servia to prevent the Servians from entering Bosnia." A dispatch from Wellington, New Zealand says the governor has been informed that the German governor of Samoa has been sent with other pris oners who surrendered, to the Fiji Islands. A dispatch to the Evening News from Copenhagen says: "Great numbers of wounded are arriving in Berlin dally. The trains are not unloaded until dark in order to avoid undue curiosity on the part of the public. The wounded are coming mostly from East Prussia. Princess Louise of Belgium has been (Continued on Page Seven) o FEARS EMPEROR'S WRATH PRINCE EDS HIS LIFE True Story of How Prince Frederick of Lippe Died (Associated Press Dispatch) LONDON, Sept. 3. Prince Frederick William of Lippe took his own life, fol lowing the mistake of his regiment, according to Lady Kandolph Churchill, former ly Miss Jennie Jerome of New York, who has just ar rived here from Germany, coining by way of Holland. "The true story of the death of Prince Frederick William of Lippe," she said, '.'is that he committed sui cide. He was commanding a German cavalry regiment before Liege on August 4 when his men. in the rlrk- i i himself fearillf? J?1111'-- "OL JUUlSt 11, Itclilll August 14." American Ambassador Is At His Post In Paris ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH PARIS. Sept. 3 The entire diplo matic corps with the single exception of Myron T. Herrick, United States ambassador to France, has left Paris accompanying the French government in its removal of the capital from Paris to Bordeaux. This course of Mr. Her rick's is warmly commended by the ministry of foreign affairs because Uie representative of the most powerful neutral government will be able to serve the French, as well as his own people, should occasion arise. Mr. Herrick's reason for remaining is to better look after the interests of several thousand Americans who are in Paris as they are principally permanent PARIS ALREADY IS III VIRTUAL SIATE OF SIEGE No Person May Enter or j Leave the Citv During the ' Night Unless They Are Possessed of a Military Pass ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH . PARIS, Sept. 3. Beginning tonight no persons may leave or enter Paris between 8 in the evening and 5 in the morning without a military pass. Automobiles may enter freely during the day but cannot leave without permits. Persons are permitted to ptss without challenge through cer tain gates while other gates are closed. Gardeners bringing fresh cgetables to the city are permitted excess at half hour intervals during the niKht. Again today Paris showed its re markable adaptability to circum stances. Though all allusions to such a contingency have been stric ly forbidden in the newspapers, that the government would be transferred rtt T!ir!e.i'.'s. wan .'i- in secret sev eral days ago, among Journalists and -,,l,l, r.ff i.. 111., nml in milit.'irv ..I'-rtes Amonc these persons the effect of the announcement had been largely discounted. The public, after its first surprise, is viewing the situation with composure and tonight there seems to be a better feeling all around. Military secrets are being so well enarded that all reference to them is merely speculation; but it is a ieasunablp supposition that General Joffre prefers to accept a decisive battle aeainst the Germans in front of the forts and the entrenched camp of Paris. The government will issue a proc lumation tomorrow transferring the Bank of France from Paris to Bo" dcaux. The new American ambassador to France, William Graves Sharp, to gether with Robert Bacon, a former American ambassador, arrived in Paris last night. Official News Briefer LONDON, Sept. 3. As the lines around Paris tighten, and the Ger man forces draw closer to the French capital, official statements regarding the progress of the war grow briefer and more and more lacking in details. So far as the public is concerned, little is actually known as to how armies in the field are faring. Most of the information from official quarters is of a negative character, for instance the announcement from the French war office that there has been no contact with the German forces in the region of Compiegne Salines since Wednesday, and that the situation in the northeast is un changed. The attitude of Turkey is still awaited with much anxiety. The towns of Compiegne and Sa lines, respectively 45 and 32 miles northeast of the French capital, ap pear to mark the points nearest Par- to which the German advance guards have approached. With the removal of the govern ment to Bordeaux all efforts around Paris have been directed to prepara tions for the threatened investment of the capital by the Germajis. In addition the French authorities have ordered the aeroplane patrols to guard against any further raids by German aviators. A number of French aeroplanes are continually flying in the neighborhood of Paris and others are kept in readiness with guns to attack any Germans who appear in the sky. An undated French dispatch to the Times says: "The valley of the Somme has been abandoned. La Fere has been taken after a bloody combat." '"TATERS" FOR TOMMY ATKINS ASSOCIATED PRESS IHSFATCH FREDERICTON, N. B., Sept. 3 New Brunswick has made a gift to England of 100,000 bushels of pota toes. WEATHER TODAY ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, D. C, Sept. 3. For Arizona: Friday cloudy in the north portion, and probably local thunder showers. residents in business. He also feels he will better protect the American busi ness interests, among which are sev eral American banks and banking agents with the deposits of Americans. These would have transferred their cash elsewhere if the ambassador had not remained. The ambassador sent J W. Garrett, minister to Argentine, Louis A Sussdorff, Jr. of New York, third secretary of the embassy, and Captain Parker, military attache, to be with the French government at Bor deaux with the approval of Secretary Bryan. The American embassy is now charged with the British, Russian, Jap anese, Servian, German and Austrian affairs in Paris. CONGRESS WILL HEAR MESSAGE ON WAR TAXES Will Meet in Joint Session This Afternoon and Listen to President's Reasons for Wishing the Revenue Measure ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Sept. 3. Congress will meet in Joint session tomorrow afternoon to hear the president's mes sage asking for a war tax revenue measure that will provide $100,000,000. A concurrent resolution providing for a joint session was adopted in both houses today. It is understood the president will confine his message to the necessity for an emergency revenue measure without suggesting means for raising funds. It is said to be his desire, how ever, that the tax should not fall too heavily on any particular class ofciti zens. The president submitted his message to Representative Underwood, chairman of the ways and means com mittee who A'iil frame the revenue bill. Later he communicated to the presi dent the frame work of the tax plan, which he and his associates have pro posed to meet the expected deficit in customs receipts because of the war. Details of the measure are carefully guarded as congressmen have been flooded with protests for many days. Administration leaders desire to have the measure clearly determined before it is made riublie to avoid interference by the various intersts ated. The bill wul be ready lor introduction nexi week. Completion of the administration anti-trust legislative program advanced a stop further when the conference committee on the federal trade com mission hill reached an agreement. The c ... ...:n K ....mi n t COIlieri lU C I eOI l Will UC CUUIUKltfJ W both houses tomorrow. Although the conferees rewrote many sections relating to the organi zation of the new commission, the changes largely were matter of phrase ology. The principal changes made re late to the provisions for cour re view, appeal from the decree of the commission to be made direct to the court of appeals, from which there can be appeal only upon writ of certiorari to the supreme court. Prohibition of "unfair methods of competition" was substituted for "Un fair competition" by the conferees who made no attempt to define what con stitutes such unfair methods. The wide iiivergence of views of district courts in the patent cases argument led to the determination to provide for the review in court of appeals direct. Danger of conflict, it is argued, is thus greutly reduced, there being only eight circuit courts of appeals while there are thirty district courts. The Clayton anti-trust bill pased yesterday by the senate, went to conference today. Agreement on this measure will com plete the program. o DUMA TO CONVENE Will Hold Short Session and With Taxation Deal ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH FETROGRAD (St. Petersburg), Sept. 3 (via London). The short ses sion of the duma is expected to con vene at an early date to deal with taxation. The government already has raised inland telegraph rates from five to seven kopecks. A kopeck is equal to two -third's of a cent in American money.) Postal rates have .1fo been increased. Turkish mobilization on the Per sian boundary is slow. Many Chris tians and Ki-i. refused to join in the movement. The Turks are forc ibly enrolling all persons of military ago.' There has been a serious con flict between the Truks and Armen ians at Bitlis, in Turkish Armenia. GIL WOULD MAKE PEACE ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH DOUGLAS," Sept. 3. General Gil has sent an invitation to Maytorena to visit Cananea September 16, the anniversary of Mexican independence, in order to settle all differences at a conference. Should Maytorena ac cept a fiesta in which a great crowd from all parts of the state will par ticipate is planned. GIACOMO DELL A CHIESA IS CHOSEN SUCCESSOR TO LA TE POPE PIUS X BULLETS MORE DANGEROUS THAN AIRSHIP BOMBS PARIS Sept 3 Many of the people of Paris have been aston ished that French aviators have not given chase to hostile ma chines flying over the city. It is explained, however, that only a plunging fire is effective against aeroplanes, and that over the city a machine gun attack causes risk to more lives from bullets that miss the mark than are endan gered by bombs. The plan now is for the French machines, which are on patrol duty, to pur sue the German aviators into the open country, and have the argument out there. Martial Law Is More Effective In City of Butte ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH BUTTE, Sept. 3. Martial law was made more effective tonight by Major Donahue, who named Lieutenant Baker as news censor A' summary cou.-t was organized by Major Roote, v. ho assumed jurisdiction as police judge and Lried the cases of all per sons arrested by the police. Of 3200 miners employed on the day shift of the Anaconda Copper Mining company in the Butte camp, it is said that only thirty-nine failed to report for duty. The closing of the saloons is given credit by the mine bosses for the large percentage of men reporting. Members of the Western Federa tion of Miners are jubilant over the arrest of seven men connected with the new union. These will be tried tomorrow on charges to be preferred liv the military commission. Seven members of the Industrial Workers cf the World who were arrested in a raid by the police on their head quarters were the first to be tried by the summary court. Four were found guilty of vagrancy, fined $100 arfi seritentd to three months in jail. Later the fine and sentence were suspended providing they leave Butte within twelve hours. For the first time since July 4 the American flag flew from the city hall which in normal times is presided over by a socialist administration. Provost Marshal Frank Conley, who has tak en charge of the city hall, issued the order to raise the flag. He also or dered that flags be placed over the doors of the police department in the hall. o NEW ATTORNEY GENERAL ASSOCIATED PRESfS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, s'ept. 3 Thomas W. Gregory of Austin, Texas, was sworn in today as attorney general of the United States and J. C. McReyn olds, retiring attorney general, tokk the oath of associate justice of the supreme court. JAPS LAND MORE TROOPS ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH CHE FOO, Sept. 3. Japan has landed 4500 additional men at Lung Kow. of these 500 are marines, and the others are soldiers. Lung Kow is a new Chinese port, 100 miles north of Tsing tau in Kiau Chau. AMERICAN CHANNEL SERVICE ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH HAVRE, via Paris. Sept. 3. The United States cruiser Tennessee sailed from here today for Falmouth. She had on board about 1000 Amer icans. SERVIANS DEFEAT AUSTRIANS ASSOCIATED PRESS DldPATCHl ROME, Sept. 3. A telegram from Nish, Servia, says that in a battle at Jadar between 200,000 Austrians and 180,000 Servians the latter put 140.000 Austrians "hors de combat." Urges Star Spangled Banner Remain National Anthem ' ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH DETROIT, Sept. 3 Washington I Gardner, commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, in his ad dress before the 48th national encamp ment of that organization here today urged the old. soldiers to join in a movement to pay special honor to "The Star Spangled Banner" as the National Anthem and to discountenance the practice of playing it in medly with such "flippant and comparatively meaningless ditties" as "Yankee Doodle" and "When Johnnie Comes Marshing Home." . He said there was something inspiring in an audience rising and standing uncovered at the majestic strains of the national anthem but it was "incongruous, bordering even on the ludicrous" for the band to strike up some other national air in medley with this, and to observe the audience resume sitting in "an irregular, half ashamed manner." It were better not Sacred College of Cardinals Elects One of Its Number, Archbishop of Bologna, to the Chair of St. Peter i ASSUMES NAME " OF BENEDICT XV Arrangements Are Lnmedi atcly Perfected for His Coronation as Head of the Roman Catholic Church on September 6 ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH ROME. Sept. 3 The Sacred Col lege of cardinals elected Cardinal Giacomo Delia Chiesa, archbishop of Bologna, as supreme pontiff to suc teed the late Pope Pius X. His cor onation as Benedict XV will take place on September 6. Immediately after his election the pontiff said he could, not imagine how his frail be ing would be capable of enduring the enormous weight of responsibility thrown upon his shoulders, especially at a moment when all the countries of Europe are stained with blood, when wounds inflicted upon humanity are also inflicted on the church, and vhen countless victims of war are being cut down. The war, he said, had armed the faithful against the faithful, and priest against priest, while bishops of each country offered prayers for the success of the army of his own nation. But victory for one side meant slaughter to the other, and de struction of children equally dear to the heart of the pontiff. The conclave of the Sacred Col lege had been in session since Mon day evening, and the final vote was j not taken until this morning. Wrhen i the name of Cardinal Delia Chiesa jwas cried out by Cardinal Scrutiners j as receiving the prescribed two-thirds I vote there was much excitement among the members of the conclave. iThtn followed the traditional formu la, the cardinal being asked whether he accepted the election. , With much emotion he replied in the affirma tive. Immediately all cardinals removed canopies from above their chairs, this being the tangible sign that the leadership of the church had passed from them to the newly elected pope. Later, during the course of the re ception . of the laymen, the pope spoke of America, which he said was i especially dear to him. He expressed great admiration for the genius or its people, which was comparable only to their religious zeal. He added: "I am glad my first apostolic ben ediction abroad will be forwarded to America, where American cardinals will at a later date impart it to the people directly." The pontiff also expressed the hope that with America in favor of peace, prayers raised to the Almighty throughout the world would mean that peace would come soon. In the history of papal conclaves the present conclave was unique, in asmuch as, theoretically, the election of any cardinal was possible, while in previous conclaves there were spe cial designations. The new pope was given mighty cheers after he ap peared on the balcony and- gave his first blessing. On the election of Cardinal Delia Chiesa, Monsignor Poggiani, secre tary of the conclave, with the mas ter of ceremonies, the dean of cardi nals, and others high in the church, bowed before the chair in which Car dinal Delia Chiesa was seated. He asked if the cardinal would accept the pontificate, and upon receiving an affirmative reply all canopies above the cardinals' thrones were lowered, excepting that of Cardinal Delia Chiesa. In answer to the question of the dean of cardinals, the new pope said he desired to take the name Benedict XV. Monsignor Poggiani, assisted- by (Continued on Page Five) to rise at all when the national hymn is played in medley, he said. A recommendation that permanent headquarters for the G. A. R. be estab lished in Washington was another point of his address. Chicago and Philadel phia had been proposed, but he pre ferred the national capital. A standing committee of seven per sons, with the commander-in-chief and adjutant general of the G. A. R., as ex officio members, he also recommended principally for the purpose of taking charge of all legislation which had the endorsement of the order. He urged that no change be made in the method of management of the soldiers' homes which are scattered throughout the United States. The present membership, in good standing, was reported as 171,335. Dur ing the year the roll was curtailed by the death of 11,187 old soldiers, but notwithstanding this large figure, it is 151 less than died during the preced ing year.