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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, September 04, 1914, Image 1

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THE ARIZONA BE PUBLICAN,
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL
-
TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR
12 PAGES
PHOENIX, ARIZONA, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 4, 1914
12 PAGES
.VOL. XXV. NO. 109
KAISER AND ADVISERS
LEA VING FOR THE FRONT
MARK WAR'S BEGINNING
As in 1R70 rlir. AIYn-n Tm.
portant of the Emperor's
Councillors Accompany
Him to Scene of Actual
Fighting
CAMPAIGN IS
MACHINE WORK
Practically Every Movement
of the Gennans Seems to
Have Been Thought Out
Years Ago and Not Since
Departed From
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
BERLIN, Sept. 3. The departure
it Emperor William "in the direc
tion of Mayence." (that is as much
as the press was permitted to know
or report about It) may be said to
mark the beginning of this great
European war, so far as Germany is
concerned.
As in 1870. the more Important of
the Emperor's advisers went to th
tunt with him. The party included
Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg,
Secretary of State von Jagow, War
Minister von Falkenhayn, and other
high governmental and army officials.
Tht plan of campaign is that
thought out many years ago and
neve-.- since departed from to bend
all energies at the very outset to the
smashing of . Germany's western
neighbor. Russia is to be left to
Austria until France shall have been
disposed of.
No one can come In daily contact
with the officers of the general staff
without being impressed with their
confidence in an eventual and abso
lute victory. There is no boasting,
no disposition to underrate the abili
ty of the enemy, but there is grim
determination to win at any cost.
That this cost will be ter.-ifically
high is not for a moment doubted,
but the men in charge of operations
are determined to make- any sacri
fice, no matter how appalling, to
reach their goal.
A marked feature of the situation
las been the wonderful manner in
wmch German mobilization was: car
ried out. Everything was prepared
in advance. Remarkably enough,
there was not during the whole
leriod of mobilization, a single ques
tion from any person in charge of
any branch of the work.
An illustration of the thorough
preparedness of the general staff is
trie experience of America's military
attache. Major Langhorne, who called
m War Minister von Falkenhayn in
the midst of the mobilization. Major
I-anghrrne began to excuse himself
for intruding at such a busy time.
"Come in, major," said von Falken
hayn. "I'm not particularly busy.
I haven't anything to do."
A striking thing about the organ
ization of the general staff is the fact
that one department has absolutely j
no knowledge of what is going on in
the other. Each office.- has his par
ticular work to do and nothing else.
Many of the busiest high officers in
the staff know less about the course
of affairs to date than Is known by
the general public.
The only department of the gen
eral staff which was not systema
tiaed in advance was the press de
partment, which even yet is not
working smoothly. There is no
agreement or common understanding
among the dozen different officers in
charge of the distribution of news
and its censorship, and one is dis
posed to admit dispatches of which
the other will not hear.
The working arrangements, too, are
so clumsy that unnecessary delays of
many hours are caused which could
have been avoided.
The enthusiasm of the people for
war passes all bounds and continues
to increase, if that be possible. There
are no longer any parties. In time
of peace the ruler often has called
the social democrats "fellows without
a country" together with less pleas
ant names. The sale of socialist
newspapers at the railway stations'
(Continued on Page Seven)
Collective Bargaining Is
Only Necessary Makeshift
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. g. Al
though Indorsing collective bargain
ing. Fremont Older, managing editor
of the San Francisco Bulletin, re
curds it only as a "necessary make
shift" pending the elevation of the
Ideal of human Bociety above mere
mcney getting, he told the federal
industrial relations commission today.
This comment and others was caused
by his being asked to suggest a bet
ter method of adjusting wage scales
than collective bargaining.
"I think changing the' ideal of hu
man society from mere getting to a
more altruistic point of view would
te better thBn collective bargaining."
he testified. "That is a matter of
education, of course."
"How would you apply it practi
cally?" Inquired Commissioner Wein
Klock, who was acting as chairman.
"I did not say It could be applied
WILL DEFEND PLANS
TO THE VERY END
PARIS, Sept. 3. General Gal
lieni, commander of the army de
fending the city, today issued the
following proclamation to the
inhabitants of Paris: '"Members
of the government of the repub
lic left Paris in order to give
I new impetus to the defense of
the nation. I have been ordered
to defend Paris against the in-
vader and this order I will ful
! fil to the end.
(Signed) GALL1ENI,
Military Commander of Paris,
Commanding the Army of
Paris."
Turkey Refuses
Request To Send
Ship To Capital
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
WASHINGTON, Sept. 3 Turkey
has declined to grant the request of
the United States for permission to
send the cruiser North Carolina
through the Dardanelles to Constan
tinople to deliver $150,000 in gold
deposited here for the relief of Amer
icans in the Ottoman empire. The
grand vizier informed , the American
government that the waters of the
Dardanelles had been mined, and it
would be unsafe for a vessel as large
as the North Carolina to go through
the straits.
The grand vizier declared also that
it might establish a precedent for the
passage of other foreign warships,
and suggested that the American
naval yacht Scorpion, on duty con
stantly in Turkish waters along with
other light vessels that serve foreign
missions, be sent to sea to meet the
North Carolina. This is the sub
stance of a long cablegram received
at the White House and state de-
jpartment from Ambassador Morgen
thau, the first message in several
days. He, made no mention of any
.declaration of war, but referred to
the diplomatic situation as highly
critical. The ambassador reported
that all Americans who wished to
leave had done so, and he thought
the lunds on board the North Caro
lina would be sufficient for immedi
ate needs.
INSURANCE BUREAU OPEN
Government Marine Risk Insurance
Not Yet in Demand
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHJ
WASHINGTON, Sept. 3. The gov
ernment bureau of marine war risk
insurance began organization today
but quoted no rates, and received na
requests for insurance. In the opin
ion of officials there is little proba
bility of applications until the presi
dent has issued his proclamation
altering the navigation laws as pro
vided in the bill permitting ships of
foreign register to come under the
American flag.
o
BERNSTORFF SEES PRESIDENT
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
WASHINGTON, Sept. 3. Count
Von Bernstorff, ' the German ambas
sador, called on President Wilson for
the first time since his return from
Germany. He was received in the
blue room. The European war was
not mentioned, the ambassador mere
ly paying his respects and the call
lasting only a few minutes.
BRING DOWN AIRSHIPS
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
LONDON, Sept. 3. A dispatch to
the Exchange Telegraph company
from Paris declares one of the Ger
man aeropfanes of the Taube type,
which recently dropped bombs on the
city of Paris, has been brought down.
Two German aviators on board were
killed.
practically," Mr. Older replied. "You
asked me if I could think of a better
way. So long as our only ideal is
possession, I don't know of a better
way than to go on hammering and
to hammer for more on one side,
and for more on the other. That
is the way the system works out."
Mr. Older declared that as organ
ized labor increases its strength,
t nances of a strike decrease and the 1 . ' ,
entire community benefits by thejUeSS Ot evening, nearly ail
closed shop because it gives the riihilated a German infantry
worker more money to spend. "If , i i j.i i 'i
my only desire was to accumulate regiment which they had
pioperty and money I probably would mistaken for Belgians. The
prefer the open shop," he said.
"Tinder the onen shon the meanest
man in town would set the rate of.to face the anger of Em
wages. Under the closed shop he -r,Cirnr' Will ram TTic wirlrvw
must pay what every one else does.Pe.r0r William. II IS W1U0,
Mr. Older said he had little confi- With WilOHl I am acquainted,
dence in conciliation boards, . top. it informed me of his death on
was iiiiius.iui v,, iimne i-apuai ana
labor want less."
AMIENS FALLS
BEFORE GERMAN
THREE DAY BOUT
London Daily Mail Corre
spondent Declares That
Party of Uhlans Enters
City and French Retire
to Picquigay
MAYOR ANNOUNCES
CITY'S SURRENDER
Later Executive of City and
MunicipaLCouncillors Pay
Visit to New Commander
and Are Made Responsi
ble for Citizens
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
LONDON, Sept. 3. A dispatch from
Amiens, France to the Daily Mail, dat
ed Tuesday, declares the Germans have
taken possession of Amiens after three
days fighting.
"It was seven o'clock Sunday even
ing." says the Mail correspondent,
"when a party of Uhlans entered Ami
ens by the Rue Jules Barny. The
French retired to Picquigay, eight miles
southwest, blowing up both bridges
over the Somme."
"After the brief reconnaissance the
Uhlans retired. Half an hour later
they returned accompanied by an en
voy bearing a white flag. The latter
interviewed the mayor at the town hall.
After an hour's discussion the mayor'
appeared in front of the town hall with
trumpeters and officially announced
the surrender of the city. He urged
the citizens to make no disturbances.
Later the mayor and municipal coun
cillors drove in carriages to pay a for
mal visit to the German commander
who told them they would be held re
sponsible with their lives for the good
conduct of the citizens. The Germans
thereupon went to the town hall, where
they hauled down the French flag and
hoisted the German colors. German
troops began entering the city about
midday Monday, singing as they came,
"Die Wacht am Rhein". and "Deutch
land Ueber Aiies." No" time "ft" wast
ed, however, as orders were to move
swiftly out on the high roads to Paris.
Oniy a few men were left to guard the
city."
A dispatch to the Star from Athens
says: "The Servians are sending as
many troops as possible to reinforce
these already at the river Drina. There
is no truth in the report that the
Austrians are withdrawing troops from
the Servian frontier and sending them
to meet the Russians. On the contra-
Austria is sending more men
against Servia to prevent the Servians
from entering Bosnia."
A dispatch from Wellington, New
Zealand says the governor has been
informed that the German governor of
Samoa has been sent with other pris
oners who surrendered, to the Fiji
Islands.
A dispatch to the Evening News from
Copenhagen says: "Great numbers of
wounded are arriving in Berlin dally.
The trains are not unloaded until dark
in order to avoid undue curiosity on the
part of the public. The wounded are
coming mostly from East Prussia.
Princess Louise of Belgium has been
(Continued on Page Seven)
o
FEARS EMPEROR'S WRATH
PRINCE EDS HIS LIFE
True Story of How Prince
Frederick of Lippe Died
(Associated Press Dispatch)
LONDON, Sept. 3.
Prince Frederick William of
Lippe took his own life, fol
lowing the mistake of his
regiment, according to Lady
Kandolph Churchill, former
ly Miss Jennie Jerome of
New York, who has just ar
rived here from Germany,
coining by way of Holland.
"The true story of the
death of Prince Frederick
William of Lippe," she said,
'.'is that he committed sui
cide. He was commanding
a German cavalry regiment
before Liege on August 4
when his men. in the rlrk-
i i himself fearillf?
J?1111'-- "OL JUUlSt 11, Itclilll
August 14."
American Ambassador Is
At His Post In Paris
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
PARIS. Sept. 3 The entire diplo
matic corps with the single exception
of Myron T. Herrick, United States
ambassador to France, has left Paris
accompanying the French government
in its removal of the capital from Paris
to Bordeaux. This course of Mr. Her
rick's is warmly commended by the
ministry of foreign affairs because Uie
representative of the most powerful
neutral government will be able to
serve the French, as well as his own
people, should occasion arise.
Mr. Herrick's reason for remaining
is to better look after the interests of
several thousand Americans who are in
Paris as they are principally permanent
PARIS ALREADY
IS III VIRTUAL
SIATE OF SIEGE
No Person May Enter or j
Leave the Citv During the '
Night Unless They Are
Possessed of a Military
Pass
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH .
PARIS, Sept. 3. Beginning tonight
no persons may leave or enter Paris
between 8 in the evening and 5 in
the morning without a military pass.
Automobiles may enter freely during
the day but cannot leave without
permits. Persons are permitted to
ptss without challenge through cer
tain gates while other gates are
closed. Gardeners bringing fresh
cgetables to the city are permitted
excess at half hour intervals during
the niKht.
Again today Paris showed its re
markable adaptability to circum
stances. Though all allusions to
such a contingency have been stric
ly forbidden in the newspapers, that
the government would be transferred
rtt T!ir!e.i'.'s. wan .'i- in secret sev
eral days ago, among Journalists and
-,,l,l, r.ff i.. 111., nml in milit.'irv ..I'-rtes
Amonc these persons the effect of
the announcement had been largely
discounted. The public, after its first
surprise, is viewing the situation with
composure and tonight there seems
to be a better feeling all around.
Military secrets are being so well
enarded that all reference to them
is merely speculation; but it is a
ieasunablp supposition that General
Joffre prefers to accept a decisive
battle aeainst the Germans in front
of the forts and the entrenched camp
of Paris.
The government will issue a proc
lumation tomorrow transferring the
Bank of France from Paris to Bo"
dcaux. The new American ambassador to
France, William Graves Sharp, to
gether with Robert Bacon, a former
American ambassador, arrived in
Paris last night.
Official News Briefer
LONDON, Sept. 3. As the lines
around Paris tighten, and the Ger
man forces draw closer to the French
capital, official statements regarding
the progress of the war grow briefer
and more and more lacking in details.
So far as the public is concerned,
little is actually known as to how
armies in the field are faring. Most
of the information from official
quarters is of a negative character,
for instance the announcement from
the French war office that there has
been no contact with the German
forces in the region of Compiegne
Salines since Wednesday, and that
the situation in the northeast is un
changed. The attitude of Turkey is
still awaited with much anxiety.
The towns of Compiegne and Sa
lines, respectively 45 and 32 miles
northeast of the French capital, ap
pear to mark the points nearest Par-
to which the German advance
guards have approached.
With the removal of the govern
ment to Bordeaux all efforts around
Paris have been directed to prepara
tions for the threatened investment
of the capital by the Germajis. In
addition the French authorities have
ordered the aeroplane patrols to
guard against any further raids by
German aviators. A number of
French aeroplanes are continually
flying in the neighborhood of Paris
and others are kept in readiness with
guns to attack any Germans who
appear in the sky.
An undated French dispatch to the
Times says:
"The valley of the Somme has been
abandoned. La Fere has been taken
after a bloody combat."
'"TATERS" FOR TOMMY ATKINS
ASSOCIATED PRESS IHSFATCH
FREDERICTON, N. B., Sept. 3
New Brunswick has made a gift to
England of 100,000 bushels of pota
toes. WEATHER TODAY
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
WASHINGTON, D. C, Sept. 3.
For Arizona: Friday cloudy in the
north portion, and probably local
thunder showers.
residents in business. He also feels he
will better protect the American busi
ness interests, among which are sev
eral American banks and banking
agents with the deposits of Americans.
These would have transferred their
cash elsewhere if the ambassador had
not remained. The ambassador sent J
W. Garrett, minister to Argentine,
Louis A Sussdorff, Jr. of New York,
third secretary of the embassy, and
Captain Parker, military attache, to be
with the French government at Bor
deaux with the approval of Secretary
Bryan.
The American embassy is now
charged with the British, Russian, Jap
anese, Servian, German and Austrian
affairs in Paris.
CONGRESS WILL
HEAR MESSAGE
ON WAR TAXES
Will Meet in Joint Session
This Afternoon and Listen
to President's Reasons
for Wishing the Revenue
Measure
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
WASHINGTON, Sept. 3. Congress
will meet in Joint session tomorrow
afternoon to hear the president's mes
sage asking for a war tax revenue
measure that will provide $100,000,000.
A concurrent resolution providing for
a joint session was adopted in both
houses today.
It is understood the president will
confine his message to the necessity
for an emergency revenue measure
without suggesting means for raising
funds. It is said to be his desire, how
ever, that the tax should not fall too
heavily on any particular class ofciti
zens. The president submitted his
message to Representative Underwood,
chairman of the ways and means com
mittee who A'iil frame the revenue bill.
Later he communicated to the presi
dent the frame work of the tax plan,
which he and his associates have pro
posed to meet the expected deficit in
customs receipts because of the war.
Details of the measure are carefully
guarded as congressmen have been
flooded with protests for many days.
Administration leaders desire to have
the measure clearly determined before
it is made riublie to avoid interference
by the various intersts ated. The
bill wul be ready lor introduction nexi
week.
Completion of the administration
anti-trust legislative program advanced
a stop further when the conference
committee on the federal trade com
mission hill reached an agreement. The
c ... ...:n K ....mi n t
COIlieri lU C I eOI l Will UC CUUIUKltfJ W
both houses tomorrow.
Although the conferees rewrote
many sections relating to the organi
zation of the new commission, the
changes largely were matter of phrase
ology. The principal changes made re
late to the provisions for cour re
view, appeal from the decree of the
commission to be made direct to the
court of appeals, from which there can
be appeal only upon writ of certiorari
to the supreme court.
Prohibition of "unfair methods of
competition" was substituted for "Un
fair competition" by the conferees who
made no attempt to define what con
stitutes such unfair methods. The
wide iiivergence of views of district
courts in the patent cases argument
led to the determination to provide for
the review in court of appeals direct.
Danger of conflict, it is argued, is thus
greutly reduced, there being only eight
circuit courts of appeals while there
are thirty district courts. The Clayton
anti-trust bill pased yesterday by the
senate, went to conference today.
Agreement on this measure will com
plete the program.
o
DUMA TO CONVENE
Will Hold Short Session and
With Taxation
Deal
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
FETROGRAD (St. Petersburg),
Sept. 3 (via London). The short ses
sion of the duma is expected to con
vene at an early date to deal with
taxation. The government already
has raised inland telegraph rates from
five to seven kopecks. A kopeck is
equal to two -third's of a cent in
American money.) Postal rates have
.1fo been increased.
Turkish mobilization on the Per
sian boundary is slow. Many Chris
tians and Ki-i. refused to join in
the movement. The Turks are forc
ibly enrolling all persons of military
ago.' There has been a serious con
flict between the Truks and Armen
ians at Bitlis, in Turkish Armenia.
GIL WOULD MAKE PEACE
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
DOUGLAS," Sept. 3. General Gil
has sent an invitation to Maytorena
to visit Cananea September 16, the
anniversary of Mexican independence,
in order to settle all differences at a
conference. Should Maytorena ac
cept a fiesta in which a great crowd
from all parts of the state will par
ticipate is planned.
GIACOMO DELL A CHIESA
IS CHOSEN SUCCESSOR
TO LA TE POPE PIUS X
BULLETS MORE DANGEROUS
THAN AIRSHIP BOMBS
PARIS Sept 3 Many of the
people of Paris have been aston
ished that French aviators have
not given chase to hostile ma
chines flying over the city. It is
explained, however, that only a
plunging fire is effective against
aeroplanes, and that over the city
a machine gun attack causes risk
to more lives from bullets that
miss the mark than are endan
gered by bombs. The plan now
is for the French machines,
which are on patrol duty, to pur
sue the German aviators into
the open country, and have the
argument out there.
Martial Law Is
More Effective
In City of Butte
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
BUTTE, Sept. 3. Martial law was
made more effective tonight by Major
Donahue, who named Lieutenant
Baker as news censor A' summary
cou.-t was organized by Major Roote,
v. ho assumed jurisdiction as police
judge and Lried the cases of all per
sons arrested by the police.
Of 3200 miners employed on the
day shift of the Anaconda Copper
Mining company in the Butte camp,
it is said that only thirty-nine failed
to report for duty. The closing of
the saloons is given credit by the
mine bosses for the large percentage
of men reporting.
Members of the Western Federa
tion of Miners are jubilant over the
arrest of seven men connected with
the new union. These will be tried
tomorrow on charges to be preferred
liv the military commission. Seven
members of the Industrial Workers
cf the World who were arrested in
a raid by the police on their head
quarters were the first to be tried
by the summary court. Four were
found guilty of vagrancy, fined $100
arfi seritentd to three months in
jail. Later the fine and sentence
were suspended providing they leave
Butte within twelve hours. For the
first time since July 4 the American
flag flew from the city hall which
in normal times is presided over by
a socialist administration. Provost
Marshal Frank Conley, who has tak
en charge of the city hall, issued the
order to raise the flag. He also or
dered that flags be placed over the
doors of the police department in the
hall.
o
NEW ATTORNEY GENERAL
ASSOCIATED PRESfS DISPATCH
WASHINGTON, s'ept. 3 Thomas
W. Gregory of Austin, Texas, was
sworn in today as attorney general of
the United States and J. C. McReyn
olds, retiring attorney general, tokk the
oath of associate justice of the supreme
court.
JAPS LAND MORE TROOPS
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
CHE FOO, Sept. 3. Japan has
landed 4500 additional men at Lung
Kow. of these 500 are marines, and
the others are soldiers. Lung Kow
is a new Chinese port, 100 miles
north of Tsing tau in Kiau Chau.
AMERICAN CHANNEL SERVICE
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
HAVRE, via Paris. Sept. 3. The
United States cruiser Tennessee
sailed from here today for Falmouth.
She had on board about 1000 Amer
icans. SERVIANS DEFEAT AUSTRIANS
ASSOCIATED PRESS DldPATCHl
ROME, Sept. 3. A telegram from
Nish, Servia, says that in a battle
at Jadar between 200,000 Austrians
and 180,000 Servians the latter put
140.000 Austrians "hors de combat."
Urges Star Spangled Banner
Remain National Anthem
' ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
DETROIT, Sept. 3 Washington I
Gardner, commander-in-chief of the
Grand Army of the Republic, in his ad
dress before the 48th national encamp
ment of that organization here today
urged the old. soldiers to join in a
movement to pay special honor to "The
Star Spangled Banner" as the National
Anthem and to discountenance the
practice of playing it in medly with
such "flippant and comparatively
meaningless ditties" as "Yankee
Doodle" and "When Johnnie Comes
Marshing Home." . He said there was
something inspiring in an audience
rising and standing uncovered at the
majestic strains of the national anthem
but it was "incongruous, bordering even
on the ludicrous" for the band to strike
up some other national air in medley
with this, and to observe the audience
resume sitting in "an irregular, half
ashamed manner." It were better not
Sacred College of Cardinals
Elects One of Its Number,
Archbishop of Bologna,
to the Chair of St.
Peter
i
ASSUMES NAME "
OF BENEDICT XV
Arrangements Are Lnmedi
atcly Perfected for His
Coronation as Head of the
Roman Catholic Church
on September 6
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
ROME. Sept. 3 The Sacred Col
lege of cardinals elected Cardinal
Giacomo Delia Chiesa, archbishop of
Bologna, as supreme pontiff to suc
teed the late Pope Pius X. His cor
onation as Benedict XV will take
place on September 6. Immediately
after his election the pontiff said he
could, not imagine how his frail be
ing would be capable of enduring the
enormous weight of responsibility
thrown upon his shoulders, especially
at a moment when all the countries
of Europe are stained with blood,
when wounds inflicted upon humanity
are also inflicted on the church, and
vhen countless victims of war are
being cut down.
The war, he said, had armed the
faithful against the faithful, and
priest against priest, while bishops
of each country offered prayers for
the success of the army of his own
nation. But victory for one side
meant slaughter to the other, and de
struction of children equally dear
to the heart of the pontiff.
The conclave of the Sacred Col
lege had been in session since Mon
day evening, and the final vote was
j not taken until this morning. Wrhen
i the name of Cardinal Delia Chiesa
jwas cried out by Cardinal Scrutiners
j as receiving the prescribed two-thirds
I vote there was much excitement
among the members of the conclave.
iThtn followed the traditional formu
la, the cardinal being asked whether
he accepted the election. , With much
emotion he replied in the affirma
tive. Immediately all cardinals removed
canopies from above their chairs,
this being the tangible sign that the
leadership of the church had passed
from them to the newly elected pope.
Later, during the course of the re
ception . of the laymen, the pope
spoke of America, which he said was
i especially dear to him. He expressed
great admiration for the genius or
its people, which was comparable
only to their religious zeal. He
added:
"I am glad my first apostolic ben
ediction abroad will be forwarded to
America, where American cardinals
will at a later date impart it to the
people directly."
The pontiff also expressed the hope
that with America in favor of peace,
prayers raised to the Almighty
throughout the world would mean
that peace would come soon.
In the history of papal conclaves
the present conclave was unique, in
asmuch as, theoretically, the election
of any cardinal was possible, while
in previous conclaves there were spe
cial designations. The new pope was
given mighty cheers after he ap
peared on the balcony and- gave his
first blessing.
On the election of Cardinal Delia
Chiesa, Monsignor Poggiani, secre
tary of the conclave, with the mas
ter of ceremonies, the dean of cardi
nals, and others high in the church,
bowed before the chair in which Car
dinal Delia Chiesa was seated. He
asked if the cardinal would accept
the pontificate, and upon receiving an
affirmative reply all canopies above
the cardinals' thrones were lowered,
excepting that of Cardinal Delia
Chiesa. In answer to the question
of the dean of cardinals, the new
pope said he desired to take the
name Benedict XV.
Monsignor Poggiani, assisted- by
(Continued on Page Five)
to rise at all when the national hymn
is played in medley, he said.
A recommendation that permanent
headquarters for the G. A. R. be estab
lished in Washington was another point
of his address. Chicago and Philadel
phia had been proposed, but he pre
ferred the national capital.
A standing committee of seven per
sons, with the commander-in-chief and
adjutant general of the G. A. R., as ex
officio members, he also recommended
principally for the purpose of taking
charge of all legislation which had the
endorsement of the order.
He urged that no change be made
in the method of management of the
soldiers' homes which are scattered
throughout the United States.
The present membership, in good
standing, was reported as 171,335. Dur
ing the year the roll was curtailed by
the death of 11,187 old soldiers, but
notwithstanding this large figure, it is
151 less than died during the preced
ing year.

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