THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 11, 1914
lli ill Arizona Republican's Editorial Page imiM
The Arizona Republican
ARIZONA PUBLISHING COMPANY.
The Only Paper In Arizona Publlibed Every Day In
the Tear. Only Morning Paper In Phoenix.
Dwlght B. Heard President and Manager
Charlea A. Stauffer Business Manager
Garth W. Cate Assistant Business Manager
J. W. Spear Editor
Ira H. B. Huggett City Editor
Exclusive Morning Associated Press Dispatches.
Office. Corner Second and Adams Streets.
Entered at the Postofflce at Phoenix, Arizona, as Mall
Matter of the Second Class.
Address all communications to THE) ARIZONA REPUB
LICAN. Phoenix. Arizona.
Business Office ?i
City Editor .'.433
Dally, one month. In advance t 75
Daily, three months. In advance ...... 2-.00
Daily, six months, in advance ...... 4 00
Dally, one year, in advance k'oo
Sundays only, by mai. 2'.S0
FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 11, 1914
! Party divisions, whether on the
whole operatng for good or evil, are
things inseparable from free govern
ment. Edmund Burke.
A Sensible Proposition
The first sensible, business-like note in eongress
in connection with the raising of revenues has been
heard in the proposition to save money rather than
to acquire more money; to bring our needs down
to our means, rather to cast about for means to sat
isfy our aforetime desires. When it became evident
that a deficit of 3100,000,000 would have to be made
up, the first thought, as usual, was to raise the
supposedly needed money by additional taxation. It
seemed to occur to no one that we might forego
something, save something, some unnecessary thing,
some luxury, so as to obviate the necessity of ad
Now, there is a proposition to dispense with
rivers and harbors appropriations aggregating $53,
000,000. It is commonly understood that a very large
part of the sums annually appropriated for the im
provement of rivers and harbors is absolutely wasted;
that they go either into the pockets of contractors
or else are dispersed for the benefit of a few in the
various communities where the useless work is
The rivers and harbors bill has been for many
years a national ill-smelling institution. The party
out of power always inveighs against it when con
gress is not in session, but there is seldom party
opposition while a rivers and harbora bill is pend
ing. There is never then a strict party alignment.
Democrats and republicans always join in trying
to swell its proportions, while a small group of con
gressmen of all parties, some of whom honest and
some of whom disappointed, denounce it as a graft.
Each rivers and harbors bill is bigger than that
which preceded it, notwithstanding the denuncia
tion to which, it is subjected by the press and prators.
If now, as a result of our disappointment at be
ing deprived of certain tariff revenues we expected,
we decide to hold up the rivers and harbors bill, the
war may turn out to be a good thing for this coun
try. The temporary halting of this shameless graft
may be made permanent, and when we find out how
easily we can get along without wasting the national
substance, we may retrain from waste in the future.
In this season of the high cost of living, many
sensible families are now getting along without
things they' do not really need and have ceased
spending money worse than uselessly. The govern
ment should be as sensible.
We could not, of course, suspend all river and
harbor improvement because much of that work
is necessary, but every proposed improvement should
be shown to be a needed one. The old practice of
lumping them and trading in them should be per
The Hew Maps
The other day a Phoenix father said to- another,
'It is a good thing that your boy is so young he
has not had to study geography; he would have
to learn it all over again." The war, it has thus
been generally predicted, will bring changes in the
map, of Europe, and, for that matter, in other maps
of the world. But what the conflict may do to the
map of Europe will likely be as nothing compared
to the effect it will probably have on the map of
Asia and the map of Africa, England, France and
Germany have large possessions on those continents,
and it is not improbable that when the price of
peace is settled, some of these territories will change
In Africa, Great Britain has a huge strip ex
tending from Zanzibar to Cairo, and also owns a
large section of South Africa. France lays claim to
a large section of Sudan, as well as the southern
peninsula of China, the island of Madagascar and
other islands. Germany has not so much territory,
but, nevertheless, shet is firmly entrenched in East
Africa, southwest Africa and at Kamerun. Jn Africa,
Asia and the islands of the Pacific, Germany owns
about 1,134,239 square miles, which is more than five
times her area In Europe.
Should the three allies be successful, Germany
might be turned out bag and baggage from Africa,
Asia and New Guinea. If the dual alliance wins, the
possibilities are even more staggering to contem
plate, for it is conceivable that Germany might gain
the whole of Africa and India, not to mention Aus
tralia, Canada and Sw Zealand with other posses
sions now held by the allies.
It is wholly improbable that such a wholesale
map-changing will ever occur. But it Is fairly ob
vious that the unsuccessful nations will suffer their
principal loss of territory when a final settlement is'
made, in their colonies. There are many reasons
why the divisions' of Europe must. remain pretty
much as they are.
For instance, neither England nor France, while
grateful to Russia for her assistance in this war, and
bound to her in a time of peace as a precaution
against Germany, would not want that Slav nation
for a next-door neighbor. Germany, in the event of
her defeat, would be regarded by the French and
English as a useful buffer, a brake upon the Slav
advance. We would probably early witness a new
alignment of th'e nations of Europe.
A conceivable result of the defeat of the dual
alliance, as The Republican mentioned at the be
ginning of the war, would be the dismemberment of
Austria-Hungary, which has been held together for
fifty years mainly by the genius of Emperor Francis
The Advisory Recall
A subscriber writes The Republican asking an
explanation of the "advisory recall." The "advisory
recall" is the recall to be applied to elective officers
who, but for pledges made by them previous to elec
tion, would be beyond the reach of any recall sys
tem that might be instituted under state legislation.
For instance, a United States senator now elected by
popular vote or a representative in congress could
not be recalled under any law that a state might
enact. They are not state officials, although elected
by the voters of a state. The state cannot prescribe
the manner of their election or the manner of their
removal from office. The federal laws prescribe the
former and the rules of each house determine the
, Accordingly, some of the states which have
adopted the popular form of government have
adopted the "advisory recall," under which the can
didates for such offices as we have described pledge
themselves to resign their offices if a majority of the
voters at an election request or advise them to do
so. The pledge is without any legal force, but the
official who would violate it would go to his political
So far as we know, the advisory recall has never
been proposed t be applied except to elective offi
cers, but the suggestion was made in this state a
couple of years ago for an arrangement by which
United States judges ( and other federal officials
would be brought under it. That, however, could not
be done without the consent and co-operation o the
federal appointing power.
Nothing in this sinful world, that is, nothing
for which erring mankind is any degree responsi
ble, is quite right. Some things may distantly ap
proach perfection, but they all need fixing. Now,
there, for instance, is our primary system whose
defects have been impressed upon us, though no
suggestions have been conveyed for the removal of
them. That the system is better than the conven
tion plan, as that plan was almost always "applied,
must be admitted. Usually a very few men directed
the affairs of a party. It was seldom that any man
vas strong enough to force himself upon a conven
tion or secure a place on a ticket without having
made a private arrangement with one or more party
leaders. Just how our primary system should be
"fixed" we do not pretend to say. It should, though,
in some way, be made less un wieldly and, if possi
ble, made more attractive to the people if the pur
pose of it is to be carried out.
The Douglas International devotes a half column
to proving that war is hell. Why, in these busy
times, waste energy trying to make plain the ob
vious? CIVILIZED WARFARE
Is there any greater paradox than that expressed
in the words "civilized warfare?"
In the volumes of comment upon Europe's strug
gle this strange association of words is frequently
found, used with serious intent and with apparent
unconsciousness of its ghastly irony.
What is civilized warfare?
The mortal combat of armored knights in mediae
val times is looked upon as an evidence of semi
barbarism, but at least it was conducted with some
regard to the amenities proper between brave sol
diers, and each combatant had a fair show for the
exercise of skill and display of courage.
Under our civilized system of warfare, when pos
sible, we hurl 100,000 men against 50,000 and crush
out the enemy by sheer force of numbers. Man for
man we may lose as many as he, but we have more
to sacrifice, and the. brute majority rules.
The unpleasant scalping habit of the Indian has
been regarded as reprehensible by civilized nations.
They prefer to drop bombs from airships upon the
heads of defenseless people.
The mutilation of the dead enemy, practiced by
certain savage peoples who are shockingly devoid of
refined sensibilities, naturally distresses us. It is so
much more civilized to mutilate the living with con
tact mines and exploding grenades that scatter a
hail of steelclad bullets. The fact that the mine
may destroy a shipload of noncombatants as easily
and unintelligently as it destroys a battleship of the
enemy detracts in no degree from its great advance
upon the barbaric method of earlier days.
- Even in the stone age it was considered rather
disreputable to slip up behind a man in the dark
and hit him on the head with a flint hatchet. Be
hold how our civilization has outgrown such squeam
i'shness! Under cover of darkness and the screening
wave the submarine slinks upon its prey and leaves
its burden of death in the vitals of a dreadnought.
What is uncivilized warfare today? So far as we
can discover, if you are a citizen in a town that is
beleaguered; if you have been living in terror of
exploding shells and bombs from the sky; if all that
you hold dear is threatened by an invading enemy,
and under the impulse of these "ifs," when the dread
ed foe appears in your street, you open fire from
the shelter of your home, it Is uncivilized warfare.
Your savage conduct justifies the enemy in setting
the city ablaze and avenging himself upon you and
yours in any manner that his ingenuity can suggest.
And this is true of all nations. It is by common con
sent the way the game is played.
You have done only what the law would justify
you in doing if a burglar forced an entrance to
your home, but under the recognized rules of "civil
ized warfare" to treat a foreign foe as a burglar
unless you wear a uniform is the height of bar
barity. .Let us have done with this talk of "civilized war
fare." The thing is non-existent. It is a sardonic
euphemism invented by the modern barbarians who
bulwark thrones with bayonets and prefer the per
suasion of rifles to that of reason. Chicago Post.
.HOW MANY WORDS DO VOU USE?
A well-educated person who has been at high
school and a university uses from 3000 to 4000
words, but the average individual can get along
with 1000. Shakespeare made use of 15,000, and
in Milton's works 8000 are used. By actual count
the Hebrew Testament says all that it has to say
with 5642 words. ,
f ENGLAND JPdg?
BAV !J IpS i'"f:
By WALT MASON
The clock strikes one, the noon hour's done, I
must resume my toiling; man dare not sleep if
he would keep the blooming pot a-boiling. For
every hour the price of flour and other grub's ad
vancing; all things suffice to raise the price, the
C. of L. enhancing. There's threat of war in Lab
rador, according to dispatches, so we must pay
far more today for cheese and parlor matches.
There's too much rain in Southern Spain, fresh
rain and kindred liquors, so we must blow far
more, you know, for overshoes and slickers. The
wa'r on Serbs affects such herbs as we are fond
of chewing; it takes more cash for succotash and
all the greens we're stewing. The crop of hay at
Hudson's Bay is poor,, so folks are saying, so Hy
son tea is costing me just twice what I've ben
paying. Blight killed the geese in northern Greece:
I would not care a button, but that, amazed, I find
it raised the price of leef and mutton. This graft
seems queer to me, my dear: it makes no odds
what chances, on land or sea, on lake or lea, the
C. of L. advances.
ADVISED KAISER TO SEE PARIS
(Madame de Hegermann-Lindencrone, in Harper's)
Speaking of indiscretion, I was told (I cannot
say whether it is true) that Mrs. X., one of our com
patriots, having met the emperor of Germany in
Norway, where their yachts were stationed, and feel
ing that she was on familiar enough terms, said to
him: "Is it not lovely in Paris? Have you been
"No, I have not," answered the surprised kaiser.
"Oh, how queer! You ought to go there. The
French people would just love to see you."
"Do you think so?" said the emperor with a
smile. Thus encouraged, she enlarged on her theme,
and, speaking for the whole French nation, continued
gushingly: "And if you would give them back Al
sace and Lorraine they would simply adore you."
The kaiser looked at her gravely, as if she had
solved a mighty problem, and said:' "I never thought
of that, madamfe."
The dear lady probably imagines to this day
that she is the apoBtle of diplomacy. She came to
Berlin intending (so she said) to "paint Berlin
red." She took the list of court people and sent out
invitations right and left for her 5 o'clock teas, but
aristocracy did not respond. Berlin refused to be
THE WHALING INDUSTRY
The whaling industry is commonly supposed to
be a thing of the past. Yet it is estimated that
$100,000,000 is invested in that business today, and
one whaling company recently bought out a rival
at a price of Jl, 000,000.
Such a business would seem to be rather lively
for a back number. A new scheme has been
brought up several times of late which may add .
still more to the importance and profits of whal
ing. This is the plan to can whale beef and put
it on the market as a rival to . other forms of
No doubt this would add considerably to the
world's food supply, and under the right handling
the quality might pot be bad. Japan eats a great
deal of whale meat already and Dr. Grenfeil of
Labrador considers it very good food. But no one
yet has explained how the huge carcass can be
.handled in sanitary fashion with the limited equip
ment possible on a whaling ship. Until this mir
acle is achieved it is not likely that whale meat will
rival beef and pork in any country peopled by white
men. Chicago Journal.
Charity should not only begin at home, but also
stay there while It Is needed. Albany Journal.
By GEORGE FITCH
Author of "At Good Old Siwash"
A college education is a parlor car route to
There is a widespread belief that the only way
to acquire wisdom is to climb aboard a college
and ride four years. This is a great mistake. The
ollege system attains great speed between termini
and transports the passengers from a state of
"A Parlor Car Route to Knowledge"
heathen darkness regarding Latin, political economy
and clothes to a state of erudition in great com
fort. But the walking is also good.
The journey takes considerably longer when
performed on foot, but large numbers of citizens
have hoofed the distance with great success. Abra
tiam Lincoln did not get near enough to a college
in his youth to apply for the janitorship thereof,
yet at the age of twenty-three he was a lawyer
and legislator and was extending kindly assistance
to struggling young possessors of college degrees.
However, it is a great advantage to attend
college and to travel through the wilderness of ac
cumulated wisdom with able conductors and cour
teous rttennants. It enables a young man to ac
quire in four years what would otherwise take him
from ten years to a lifetime to obtain, and in these
modern days it is also good for father, because it
keeps him using last year's automobile, which is
good enough for any one. A college education is
a fine thing for a young man who desires to be
come a lawyer, minister, statesman, author, doctor,
JTi SuFFET I
: HAVE YOU A SAVINGS PASS
BOOK IN YOUR HOME?
OURS WILL PAY YOU 4.
OF PHOENIX, ARIZONA
Puts You at Ease
By escrowing your land or
real estate deals through our
well organized and experi
enced office, every detail will
get correct attention, and you
will feel safe in all the years
to come. Consult with us.
and Trust Co.
18 North First Avenue.
scholar, philanthropist, great baseball player or a
general all-round good citizen. However, a great
many college educations are entirely wasted. The
young man who proposes to become a modern high
pressure business man does not need education.
What he mostly needs is a course under some good
missionary. This will not help him become a mil
lionaire, but it may prevent him from doir. so
by borrowing some other man's railroad and for
getting to return it.
THE ARCH EGOTIST
I know a man who knows it all.
You ask me for the proof?
No proof we need. This man of gall
Admits it. Warp and woof
(If life's frail web to him are sheer
To him all truth shines bright.
He never leads eveept for fear
The book needs setting right.
You cannot mention any theme
From cabbages to kings.
But that this man turns on his gleam
And hints at many things
That he might add unto your store
Of facts indeed he might!
He never reads except to roar
Because the book's not right.
O happy gink who knows it all!
Would you not fain be he?
Yes. you would not. You loathe his gall
And thus agree with me.
How oft we've bowed our heads and wept
Anent this swell-head wight
Who never reads a book except
To see if it be right.
'Ym afraid that- my discipline is not what it
should be," said the conscientious man: "I reproved
my son severely and at length for neglecting his
duties to go fishing."
"Wasn't he duly impressed?"
No. He looked me in the eye and exclaimed,
'Jealous.' "Newark Times.
HOW COULD HE?
The Girl Do you enjoy music with meals?
The Man Rather!
The Girl What do you prefer a waltz?
The Man No, a chew-step! London Opinion.
II. J. McClung, President
M.C. McDougall, Vice-Pres. T. E. Pollock, Vice-Pres.
H. D. Marshall, Cashier
H. M. Galliver, Asst. Cashier
, . G. G. Fuller, Asst. Cashier
xml | txt