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THE ARIZONA. REPUBLICAN,
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 17, 1914 10 PAGES .VOL. XXV. NO. 122 GERMAN ARMY DRIVEN FROM PARIS FORMS LINE FOR A DECISIVE BA TTLE Fighting Force Which Less Than Two Weeks Ago Was at Gates of Paris is Now Taking Defensive ' Position ARE DEPENDING ON FORTIFICATIONS Have River Aisne on the Right, Hills of Rheims Facing Center and Moun tains and Forests of Ar gonne on Left ASSOCIATED PRESS DI8PATCH LONDON, Sept. 16. The German army, which less than a fortnight ago I was at the "gates of Paris," and the 'an' frontier. Germans under Gen right wing, which then extended to .cal Von Hindenburg a.'e reported the southeast of the French capital, is I to be. fllowine "P . tneir. advantage tonight drawn up almost on a straight line, extending from the neighborhood of Noyon, in the west, to Bois Forges on the Mouse, north of VerCun, with its left resting on the German fortress of Metz. That the Germans intend to give battle on (his line, with the rler Aisne in front of their right and the hills of Rheims facing the center, with the mountains and for ests of Argonne on the left, there seems little doubt. They went back steadily before the French and English armies, fighting unly rear guard actions until their right, in command of General von Kluck, got across the Aisne. Then they turned and delivered several counter attacks which, however, ac cording to the British official report, were repulsed, the Germans leaving two hundred prisoners in the hands of the British. These counter attacks were doubt less delivered in the hope of giving the troops of the right "wing, ex hausted by the long advance followed by a retreat almost as long, an op portunity of resting and preparing the positions from which they could resist an attack of the allies and in wrilch they could await reinforcements before taking the offensive again. The Germans are In the hilly coun try around Xoyon, on the plateau north of Vlc-sur-Aisne and Sois sons. north of Rheims, where they are digging long entrenchments and re ceiving reinforcements. But even here this right wing, which has up to the present borne the brunt of the fighting In advance and retreat, is not altogether safe, for the French army, operating from Amiens, clings to its flank while the British and French forces continue to press the front. It is essentia, however, that they should hold their positions, for they cover the lines of retreat to the north which will be the only way out if Oftat should be their lot. That they realize this is shown by the fact that they lave been contesting every foot nt pround with the allied armies the last two days and that both sides have suffered heavily. The British army, as has been its lot since it landed in France, is tak ing Ite full . share of the fighting, which on the front has been particu larly severe since the Germans crossed the Aisne and made their first determined stand in the retreat from Paris. . The losses in Galicia and Po land, where the fighting has been go irg on incessantly for more thai three weeks, are even greater than those in France. "One report from Petrograd nays the Russians severed communications between Cracow and Przemysi, the two fortresses for which the Germans and Aiistrians are heading, and have begun an advance to sever communi cation between Galicia and Budapest. The official press bureau issued '.he following tonight: "It is stated from Russian official sources that the rout of the Austrian army in Galicia is complete, though full dptails have not been received. The Austrian loss since taking Lem berg Is estimated at 250.000 killed and wounded and 100,000 prisoners, 400 guns, many colois and vast quantities of stores. "The Germars made desperate t fr.rts to save the Austrian army, but failed completely. At one point tbo Germans lost 36 pieces of heavy nr. tillery and ft another sev-j:! djzisn pieces of hlefce artillery." ALLIE8 AROUND RIGHT WING LONDON, Thursday, Sept.' 17 The No News Details Of The Battle Along Aisne River ASSOCIATED PRE88 DISPATCH PARIS, Sept. 16. AFrench. official PARIS, Sept. 16. A French official the headquarters sends no new de tails of the battle now being ought along the Aisne river. The text of the announcement fol lows : ' "This evening general headquarters ha communicated no new informa tion about the action going on along our front. A conditions have, been remaining aa before, it is not to be wondered at that during the course of a battle which lasted several daya no SUBMARINE RETURNS AFTER SINKING CRUISER LONDON, Sept. 15 The ad miralty announces the submarine E-9, Lieutenant Commander Hor ton, has returned safely after hav ing torpedoed a German cruiser six miles south of Heligoland. It is believed the cruiser was the Hela, the sinking of which by a submarine was officially reported from Berlin yesterday. German right wing is now encircled by the allies, according to an Amiena dispatch to the Daily News. Reports indicate the Russian gen eral, who is conducting operations in East Prussia, found himself in a dangerous position, has fallen back to the Russian fortresses on the Rus with the hope of dealing the Russians a heavy blow before they can be re inforced . ACCEPT NEWS WITH CALMNESS BERLIN, (via Rotterdam and Lon don), Sept. 16. The Military critic in a Berlin paper says: "We must accept the news from French sources concerning the re treat of the Germans with Dutch calmness, and not imagine the French are already b2fore Berlin. If the French pursue the Germans with the same . haste as they were pursued by the Germans they will get into the same difficult position in which the Germans were. ' The French, however, have the advantage in support of the Belgian army, but even if the Germans are beaten back over their own borders, the aspect of the situation will be no better for the French than it was at the begin ning of the war." o- WANTS PARTICIPATION IN WORLD'S SERIES ASSOCIATED PEESS DISPATCH CHICAGO, Sept. 16 A chance for the Federal league to particinate in the uie i-eaerai league to participate in tne il.VJ.f T V a '., ,7 , r X '"'"-"'"'l-u'i"''J'e'J'cn'"c"'!tions the worst behavior was when of the National Baseball commission. In his plea for a truce in the inter ests of the supporters of the game, Mr. Gilmore , declared the national agree ment does not prohibit clubs in organ ized baseball from playing fair out side club and outlined the claims of the Federals to be regarded as a major league and contended that no club can rightfully claim the world's champion ship until it has met the pennant-winners of the Federal league. o REVENUE BILL UP Iron Out Party Differences to. Expedita Matters ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Sept. 16. Adminis tration leaders in the house proposed to expedite war revenue legislation, now that party differences have been ironed out in caucus. Democrats of the ways and means committee will meet tomorrow to complete and draft a 111 outlined by the caucus, to include a tax on beer, wines, and gasoline and special stamp taxes of the. Spanish American war revenue law. , Majority Leader Underwood hopes to introduce the bill tomorrow, to re port the following day, to bring in a rule for its immediate consideration. The plan is to pass the bill in the house by Saturday night if possible, although in the senate the republicans plan to attack the bill with all their strength, which will surely delay it -there. o MEDIATION IS ACCEPTED ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH ST. LOUIS,' Sept. 16. The invita tion of the mediation board to in tervene, was accepted. The action of the company was taken after a committee representing the Ordev' of Railway Conductors, the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen, and the Broth erhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen, advised railroad officers that a strike would be called unless the company reinstated a former conductor discharged on allegations of drunkenness. definite conclusion of any kind can be inferred. We know, however, that up to 6 o'clock tonight we have not been weakened on any of our positions." The Havas agency from Petrograd says ; "It is announced that the Turks have concentrated a large army on the Bulgarian frontier and General Lima Van Sanders, the Prussian cavalry of ficer who trained the Turkish army, is expected to take command." The Swiss government has estab lished a bureau for the exchange of civilian prisoners, according to a Ha vas Berne dispatch. BRITISH AIRMEN ' IIIIIBIM MillllB Mill ' WMIHMHI IlLlltliiifm fMir PRESIDENT HUE MYTHICAL Staff Mail foi' Associated Press. Accompanying Ger man Troops, Savs Kissing Pretty Girl Worst Act Committed associated press dispatch NEW YORK, Sept. 16. An Assoeiat- ed Press staff correspondent of Amer-this time cannot pass judgment upon . , ... . . . , or tate any part in the controversies lean birth who was caught in Brussels between tne warring European na at the time of the German investment ;tions over the alleged violations of and held prisoner for several days, rules of civilized warfare and human mailed his experiences vvhicn were re- ty. He said the settlement of these ceived here. He said the Belgians were questions will have to wait unUl the much frightened at the stories of the German atrocities, but after the Ger-! mans arrived the stories "dissolve in- to one of the myths which have ac- companied all wars." as hc was able to learn from investiga- German soldier leaned from his horse and kissed a pretty Flemish girl. "The night before the Germans ent ered Brussels, he wrote, when the Bel gian civil guards and refugees began pouring into the city from the direction of Louvain, they brought stories of un - speakable German atrocities and mal treatment of old men and children and the violation of Vomen. "In less than 24 hours Belgian citi zens were chatting comfortably with the German invaders and the allegation Of German brutality and demonaical torture was disolved as one of the myths which accompanied all wars. "Neither in Brussels nor in its envir ons was a single offensive act, so far as I know, committed by German sol diers. In a city of over half a million people, invaded bv a hostile army of perhaps a quarter of a million soldiers, no act sufficiently flagrant to demand punishment or to awaken protest came to my attention. I "The frightful reports that 1 receded the German army into Brussels includ ed the disemboweling of old men, the impaling of children on lances, just outside of Louvain. Investigation not only failed to substantiate these rum ors, but did not even discover any one in the immediate vicinity who cred ited them. An eye witness of unim peachablo veracity told me that fhe worst behavior he observed during the first German entry into Louvain on August 19 was that of a Gfrman sol dier who leaned from . his horse and kissed a pretty Flemish girl who brought him a glass of beer. "I marched for days with the German columns, often only one day behind the fighting, with houses that had been burned still smoldering and the ground freshly broken by shell and trampled by horses and men and the memory of the German advance vivid in the minds of the inhabitants'. I interviewed an average of twenty persons In each of the dozen of towns and found only one instance of a non-combatant who had been killed without justifiable provo cation. In this case the evidence did not clearly prove that the man had been wantonly murdered." FOR BANK OF TEXAS t ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH AUSTIN, Tex., Sept. 16. Governor j Colquitt submitted a plan for the "Bank, of Texas" in a special mes sage to the legislature, to be capi talized at $20,000,000, two and a half millions to be supplied by the state banks, and the balance by the state board of education. The bank was intended to meet financial emerg encies, administer school funds and to be custodian of the bank guar anty fund, and reserves. WILL SUSPEND HOME RULE ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH LONDON, Sept. 6. The house of lords passed through all stages the bill suspending operations of the home rule and Welsh disestablishment Jbllla, DO SPLENDID WORK FOR The British HEARS TALE BELGIUM, THEN 'Formal Notice is Given the norm uiat united urates Cannot Take Part in Con troversies Between War ring European Nations MUST AVAIT UNTIL THE WAR ENDS i Belgian Commission is Re ceived at White House With Formal Ceremony and Charges Listened to Carefullv ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Sept. 16. Formal notice was given the world by the President that the United States at end of the war, which he prayed might be very soon. This announce- .ment was made to the Belgian com- j missions and also in a message to "aiser and the president of France. both nr h ,.u 1 1 against the use of dum-dum bullets, alleged to have been used bv the other. The Belgian commission was receiv ed at the White House with formal ceremony. The president, accompa nied by his military aide and sev eral high officials of Uie government j greeted the visitors in the East-room and listened with grave attention to 1 their nridress. Kottinu- fnpth In lotad charges that the German soldiery in vaded their land, had killed and tor tured men, women and children, de stroyed art treasures and sacked cities. 1 (President Wilson read the prepared re- ni. . ho nrom" v, ij .,,, government, and it would even . inconsistent with the neutral position I of any nation which, like this, has no part in the contest, to form or ex press final Judgment." A resume of the findings of the Bel gian commission of inquiry, appointed by the king of Belgium to investigate the alleged atrocities committed by the German troops, by the Belgian legation here was made public after the report had lieen presented to the president. The findings are grouped under the heading of "Atrocities at Linsmeau. Orsraael," "The Massacre of Aerschot," and "The Destruction of Louvain." A summary, in part, follows: "During the night of August 10 the German cavalry entered Velm in great numbers; the inhabitants were asleep. Without provocation, the Germans fired on Mr. Deglimmeq's house and broke into it. They destroyed the furniture and looted valuables. They burned the bp.rn, hay, corn stacks and implements and killed the cattle in his farm yard. They carried off Mrs. rntrl i i-ri marl half nuVorl t( n lilnne two miles away. She was then released and as she fled she was fired upon without being hit, however, and her husband was carried to a point in another direction and firedAUpon. He is dying. "Farmer Jeff Dkerck of Meerhespen . .. . was an eye-witness of the touowing atrocities committed by the German cavalry at Orsmael and Neerhespon on August 10, 11 and 12: The old man had his arm cut in three longi- j tudinal slices, and he was then hanged head downward and burned alive. Young girls were raped, little chil dren were outraged at Orsmael, and mutilations too horrible to describe were inflicted on other inhabitants. Prisoners were hanged, while others were tied to telegraph poles sind shot. After the engagement at Haelen Com mandant Von Dammeso was severely wounded while he was lying prone on his back. He was murdered by the German infantry firing revolvers into his mouth." The summary follows: "The Ger man cavalry occupying the village ot Linsmeau was attacked by some Bel-, gian t.-oops and two gendarmes. A German officer was killed . by the Belgian soldiers during the fight, and subsequently buried at the request of the Belgian officer In command. None of the civilians had taken part TING "Flying Corps." ALLIT OF ATROCITIES IN WITHHOLDS LEWIS OUT IN FAVOR OF M'CORMICK HARRISBCRG, Pa., Sept. 16. William Draper Lewis, nominated for governor by the Washington j (progressive) party, formally I withdrew today as candidate at a special meeting of the Washington j party state committee and recom- I mended Vance C. MoCormick, the democratic nominee, be made his j j successor. . Lewis, in his letter of with- ! j drawal, stated that he had a "defi- I j nite assurance" that Mr. McCMr- j miek is in entire accord with the I principal measures embodied in j the Washington party's state pro- j gram. He had written McCor- j miek when he became convinced j that they were dividing forces and I striving for good government in Pennsylvania. . ,i, in the fight; nevertheless, the Milage was invaded at dusk on August 10 by a strong force of German cav- airy, artillery and machine guns. "In spite of formal assurances giv- en by the burgomaster that none of the civilians had taken part in the "em. two iarms aim j houses were destroyed by gun fire, an1 renuceu to asnes. au w.c m.v . ropui.uion was u.e.i ''""f""-" , come 10. .u a.m ..u ever arms they possessed. No re- cently discharged. firearms were Nev ertheless the invaders found divided these peasants in two or three places In the ditch whe.-e theyjRChool lands and returned to the state were afterwards found dead, their f for the benefit of its school fund, skulls fractured by the butts of the receipts from the federal forest rifles. land amounted to $2n3,593.36. "Numerous wounded and unarmed j Under the law 25 per cent of this soldiers were ill treated or killed by js returned to the state to be ex- the German troops, and in dinereni P'ac, s doctors, nurses and ambu- "At times the Germans went into battle with the Belgian flag. 'While digging trenches the whit-2 j-i , ;...! Ul.Tlon colli I ! 11S ' s .7 , . t leis set uK'ii u. "Anothe - time, near the forts at iLoncin, a group of German infantry hoisted a white nag, ana wnen ei- plan fioniieift appiuoAncu take them prisoners, they were fired upon at close range. "The massacre of Aerschot: "Aerschot, a town of 8,000 inhabi tants, was invested by Germans on the morning of August 19. No Bel gian troops remained behind. No sooner had the Germans entered the city than they began shooting sev eral inoffensive civilians. In the evening claiming that a superior Ger man officer had been shot by a son of the burgomaster, or, according to another version of their story, that a conspiracy was hatched against the German commandant by. the burgo master and his family, the Germans I took hold of every man in the city, I carrying them, fifty at a time, with : in some distance of the town. There they grouped them in lines of four men, made them run ahead of them, and fired upon them, killing them af terwards with their bayonettes. More than forty men were found thus mas sacred. "Thejs pillaged the whole town, I kinS t Pate residences all they could lay their hands on. The following morning they took one man out of every three whom they had arrested the previous evening, and leading them outside the city, shot them. Among these were the bur- l&nnmKtpr rif iha 1own r - Trplpmnns . iwn j .,- fi, own, tutu 111a uiuiiit-i. "Then they compelled the remain - ing villagers to dig holes to bury their victims. "For three whole days they contin ued to pillage and set fire to every thing in their way. "About 150 inhabitants of Aerschot are supposed to have thus perished." "The largest part of the city was destroyed. Five times the Germans tried to set fire to big churches, having sacked the interiors of their contents. Town records were de stroyed or carried off. "It must bo borne in mind that the civil population of Aerschot had been repeatedly warned by their burgo master not to offer any resistance or commit any hostile act toward the invaders. The Germans shot upon the fleeing citizens, set fire to private houses and sacked them. They want ed to make the victimized citizens de clare that they themselves set fire to their homes. Everywhere along the (Continued on Page Four) GERMAN ADVANCE (c) Underwood & Underwood. JUDGMENT STATE FORESTS This Commonwealth- Will Benefit to Extent of $120,000 from Year's Re ceipts from the Heavily Timbered Lands (Special to The Republican.) WASHINGTON, Sept. 15. Arizona "'ill benefit to the extent of about I ,ret.ei,,ts from natj0nal forests in the ; state. This includes, however, more .than $30,000 received from the sale of timber from state school lands, but logged under the regulations of the forest service. , The figures have just , neen compiled cy m department ot agriculture. The total receipts from Arizona s national lorests were L'X4,- 6i6.vi, derived almost equally trom lumber and range, with something over $15,000 in receipts from various special uses and from water power j development. Deducting the $30,- 730.5s received from timber sold from j pended in the counties in w hich the forests are situated, for the benefit of schools and roads. This amounted to $63,398.34. An additional 10 per cent, of the receipts is exppended lor j cttny by the secretary of agriculture for roads and trails for the conven- icme ii me jiuuue. i lie coiuiiou- j tin of Arizona's forests to this road 1 fund is $25,359.34, making the total sum In- which the state benefits 1 imuuKii leuerai administration 01 tne 1 national forests $119,4SS.26. - This is 'the second largest sum which any state can show. Montana, which had far the largest national forest timber sales, is about $10,000 ahead of Ari zona. The total receipts from all national forests throughout the country amounted to nearlv two and a half millions of dollars, the exact figures being $2,437,710.21, of which the state 'received directly or indirectly $838, - 9M.03. not including the sums turned over to Ariozna and New Mexico for the sale of timber from school lands in those states. The new forests re cently purchased in the east have be gun already to furnish returns, and receipts from their use amounted to $3,793.56. iinswoi !! ARZONA FROM Urge Wilson's Plan For Peace Among The Miners associated press dispatch their organization. Workmen are per- ' TRINIDAD, Sept. 16. The Colorado mitted to have grievance committees union coal miners in convention voted jwith thc right of appeal lo a com ... , . , mission appointed by the president of to accept the peace plan recommended,.. ,. ... . . ... t . . 11 the Vnited States in the event the by the president. The vote, after two grievance committees are not able to days of vigorous debate was 83 to 8. The Colorado mine owners have called a meeting to be held in Denver on Saturday to consider the same pro posal. After the convention adjourned the officers of the United Mine "Work-1 ers of America telegraphed to Presi dent Wilson that the strikers are ready to return to work under terms of a three year truce, drafted' by Hywel Davies and William R. Fairley, federal mediators appointed by Secretary Wil- j gon of the deI)artment of labor. This afternoons session of the con vention was featured by speeches by John R. Lawson, Colorado member of the executive board of the United Mine Workers and E. L. Doyle, district sec retary both of whom first opposed the president's proposal. Both urged the adoption of the plan. Under the terms of the agreement accepted by the miners, a three-year truce will be declared in the labor war in the state. During this time miners are to waive union recognition, I but will be permitted to maintain- JOHNSON SAYS PROGRESSIVES READY FOR FRAY Governor of California Says Party Will Sweep Op ponents in the S,tate Off the Earth in November Election AX EQUALIZING TARIFF ENDORSED Platform is Composed of Endorsement of Governor Johnson, Denunciation of Republicans and Praise of Year's Work ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH SACRAMENTO. Sept. 16 "I talked yesterday, and the ground is cleared in front. Lets get at them. "W'e are veady for the fray. AVe will sweep them off the earth." With this short speech Governor Johnson this afternoon closed me first state progressive convention. The state central committee win meet in San Francisco on Saturday. September 26, there to elect officers and an executive board. The platform of the progressives is composed of the endorsement of Gov ernor Johnson, a denunciation of the republicans, and praise of the work of the past four years. The only reference made to national policies was a declaration in favor of a tariff which will equalize conditions here and abroad, assuring the Am erican farmer and manufacture- equal profit and labor a living wage. This platform is in line with tneir declaration for non-partisan siaio elections, and is a big new plank. The greater part of the platform is taken up with a review of the achievements claimed lor tne pro- essive administ'.-ation. Readjust ment of the states finances, the work of the railroad commission, and legislation bettering the condition for working women and children already commenced was advocated. According to the report of the committee on the state central com mittee, submitted by Senator John Stetson, the progressive body, con sists of 264 members, 12 to be chosen fiom each congressional district, and 132 from the state at large. About 240 of these names were selected by the committee. The remainder will be chosen by an assembly or the senatorial candidates from counties not represented. Stirred to enthusiasm by the speech of J. D. Fredericks, candi date for governor, the republican convention adjourned, with the decla ration that the party would win the state election in November. Not a discordant note was sounded during the long session of the day. The democratic state convention adjourned late today after adopting a platform, ratifying the membership o? the new state central committee. This committee will hold its first ses sion on Saturday in San Francisco, when office's will be elected, and the work of the campaign outlined. 0 MILLION FOR CARRANZA ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH WASHINGTON, Sept. 16. As the rrsult of American administration of ( the Vera Cruz customs office the j t'arranza government will receive n 'cash balance of more than $1,000,000. General Huerta pledged the customs receipts as security for a loan ob tained in France, but officials take tlie view today that the United States should turn the money over to the government in Mexico City, leaving it to that authority to deter mine its disposition. settle disputes with their employers. Before adjournment, the convention gave three cheers for President Wil son, W. R. Fairley, Congressman Ed ward Keating and "Mother" Jones. The telegram to President Wilson follows: "The Colorado Mine Workers, in convention assembled, have carefully considere lyour proposal for settle ment of the coal strike, and after calm and deliberate thought we this day have decided to accept the propo sition you submit. Delegates to this convention convey to you their abid ing .faith in your integrity and your earnest and patriotic desire to be helpful in the present strike situa tion. "Upon notice of the acceptance of your proposition by the coal opera tors, we will immediately terminate ! the strike and return to work.' The message Is signed by Frank J. Hayes, John R. Lawson, John Mc Lennan and E. L. Doyle of the policy committee." - . . I 1 i : ? - '