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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, September 21, 1914, Image 1

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THE ARIZONA. RE PUB
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL
ICAN,
TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR
PHOENIX, ARIZONA, MONDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER21, 1911
10 PAGES
10 PAGES
VOL. XXV. N0.12G
FIERCEST BATTLE OF
ALL TIME PROGRESSES
IN NORTHERN FRANCE
SCOTCH HIGHLANDERS AND BRITISH LANCERS WIN GLOitY ON FRENCH BATTLEFIELDS
BY THE GERMAN
MS
For Week Terrible Contest'
Has Been Waged With
First Slight Advantage
for One and Then for the,
Other
BOTH SIDES IN
ENTRENCHMENTS
Artillerv Duels Such as
Were Never Before Wit
nessed Carried On in Ef-j
fort to Cause Evacuation!
of Positions j
(Associated Press Dispatch)
LONDON, Sept. 20. One
of the fiercest battles of all
time which has been raging
across northern France for a!
week past, with first a slight j
advantage for one side and
then on the other, "remains
undecided. The great ar
mies which have been fight
ing for a month, with few if
any intermissions, have dug
themselves into entrench
ments on rivers and moun
tain ranges on a front reach
ing from Oise to Meuse and
thence southeastward along
the Franco-German frontier.
Artillery duels such as
were never seen before were
carried on with the hope of
((impelling the evacuation of
strongly held positions, with
occasional successes to the
opposing sides, while the in
fantry, in the face of the
galling fire, charged right
up to the guns, only to make
their enemy give way slight
ly or to be repulsed with
heavy losses.
Fighting is. fiercest on the
allies' left, which lies on the
right bank of the Oise river,
in the vicinity of Rheims
and the famous cathedral,
which was set on fire by
German shells. Between
that town and the Argonne
ridge, it has been give and
take all the time.
A French official report,
however, again claims slight
progress on the French left,
and that the allies again re
pulsed the strong frontal at
tacks between Craonne and
Rheims. Around Rheims it
self matters have been
about equalized, as the Ger
mans have recaptured the
heights of Brimont, while
the French have taken the
defenses of La Pompelle.
The French also scored
success between Rheims and
Argonne, where they have
taken the village of Souain
and captured numerous pris
oners. In addition, the
French report progress on
the western slopes of the
Shows Great Britain Long
Intended To Fight Germany
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
BERLIN, Sept. 20. Nobody in Ger
many is willing to admit the sincerity ;
of Great Britain in basing its decla
ration of war on Germany's violation
of territory in Belgium, and Luxem
burg, and much alleged evidence is
produced In newspapers and maga
zines to prove that Great Britain, had
already made up its mind to join
France and Russia previous to Ger
many's advance into Belgian terri
tory. In highest circles of the German
government it. Is claimed the foreign
office has evidence that Great Bri
tain was negotiating with Russia sev
eral months before the war broke out
to furnish ships for the descent of the
Russian troops on the coast of Pome
rania, which lies on the Baltic sea,
north of Berlin, but It appears noth
ing came of these negotiations.
Another curious timely piece of evi
dence is presented in the shape of an
Item purporting to be from the Paris
Argonne, where the crown
prince's army is opposed to
them, while the Germans
retired beyond the frontier
in Lorraine, cvacuat i n g
Avricourt
In all cases these were separate at
tacks and counter attacks by the ar
mies lying in trenches and waiting for
their artillery to compel the other side
to .slacken its fire. The losses in these
attacks must have been enormous, for
the men cannot move on foot without
being made the targets of heavy guns
posted on the hills above them.
The British apparently have learned
something; from the Japanese attacks
on Port Arthur. They make a rush
forward when the fire becomes too
heavy for them to make further ad
vance and they again dig trenches for
themselves and remain there for an
other opportunity to gain a few more
yards.
The Germans had the most of their
artillery at work, but the French are
bringing up more and bigger guns.
This kind of fighting with both sides Tri"
strong positions may go on for days
yet. but sooner or later one side musT
find the continual fall of shells discon
certing and the infantry attacks on
them too much, and leaving a strong
rear guard, draw back for a breathing
spell.
The battle resembles in many par
ticulars that of Sha-Ho in 1904, where
the Japanese and Russians, with much
more time to do it, established posi
tions which each thought impregnable.
Shells and infantry attacks, however,
finally compelled the Russians to with
draw with losses at that time without
precedent. With all the hard and long
fighting behind them, the Germans are
again making attacks toward Verdun,
while the allies are making frontal at
tacks on the German right once more,
attempting to outflank it.
The German cavalry is showing con
siderable daring, trying to cut the com
munications of the allies between Oise
and the coast.
French reports bring confirmation of
rumors that the Saxon army under
General Von Hausen has been "reorgan
ized. The report used the phrase
"broken up," but this is taken to meaif
it has been reorganized and parts of It
distributed among the other armies.
Its cavalry, for instance, has been
sent east.
While accounts of operations in Ga
licia differ, one goes so fax as to say
that General Dankl's army is surround
ed by the Russians and only remnants
of the German corps there remain. It
is considered certain the armies have
not come to grips again as yet.
The Russians have to capture Prze
mysl, where it is reported three Ger
man army corps have been sent to
help the Austrians, before they can
make further progress westward. The
other Russian army, however will be
free to proceed against Cracow if Gen
eral Dankl is disposed of. The German
army in Silesia has become more ac
tive, the Russians claiming to have
taken part of the artillery on the Bres-lau-Ivangerod
lines.'
Servians announce another victory
over the Austrians near Novipazar, a
town which has been so often men
tioned in the Austro-Servian contro
versies. o
"LARK" IS HELD UP
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
LOS ANGELES, Sept. 20. Two j
armed men held up and rohhed '
Southe-.-n Pacific train No. 75. "The j
Lark," northbound tonight, north of
r.urbank. The robbers went through I
the Pullmans and the observation
car and it is reported they secured
nearly $1,000. A sheriffs posse is in
pursuit.
o : -
TORPEDO BOAT SINKS
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
VIENNA, Sept. 20. The Austrian
torpedo boat No. 27 was sunk in the
harbo-.- of Pola on Monday last. The
circumstances were kept secret, but
it la believed the boiler exploded.
The crew was rescued.
Gil Bias of February 25, 1913. That
paper on this date is said to have
published the following:
"A newspaper in Eastern France
has revealed a highly interesting
piece of news. In military circles
there Is related that large stocks of
British ammunition have for several
weeks been brought into Maubeuge,
near the northeastern frontier of
France on the railway line from Paris
to Cologne. The city of Maubeuge
is of great military importance. It
is designated in French general staff's
plan of campaign as the concentration
point for the allied troops which will
be commanded in case of war by
English Field Marshal Sir John
French, under General Joffre as com
mander in chief. It is well known
that British cannon fire different pro
jectiles from those of France. The
two governments, however, reached an
agreement to accumulate on French
territory In time of peace necessary
war supplies of ammunition for the
English artillery."
V 0 '
fk j & : : t i
v i. harii?st of the British troops are the Scotch Highlanders. Their coolness in the face of danger and the manner in wh-:ch they are mora
than holding their own against the German troops is evidenced in the reports coming from the front where the superior forces against t-ien: are be
ing slowly but steadily forced back.
: Equal in valor to the Highlanders are the Ninth British Lancers, shown in the photo in the act of charging, led by Lord GerlL In attack-
,1SS n German battery this regimen: was almost annihilated, though it finally was successful.
GIVES
VIEWS OH LABOR
AND CAPITAL
In Addressing W i c h i t a
Meeting of Progressives
Discusses at Length the
Relations Between Money
and the Workingman
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, ad
dressing a state wide meeting f Pro
gressives at Wichita, Kansas, on Sat
urday, elucidated his position on im
portant subjects of legislation. He
discussed the relations of capital and
labor at some length, pointing to the
Colorado labor troubles ;is illustrat
ing the failure of national and state
governments to enact and enforce ef
fective laws and pointed to the New
York, New Haven & Hartford railroad
scandal as an example of capital
gone wrong in the absence of proper
governmental control.
Business, he asserted, is entitled
to its profits, and we must learn to
accept the principle of combination
of capital as of the highest economic
value. But this acceptance, he in
sisted, must carry with it a fair
share of the profit to the employe.
The industrial situation has greatly
changed in the last 25 years, ho said.
for whereas at the beginning of the
period mentioned only about 25 per
cent of the people were employes, at
this time half of them live on their
wages. He quoted. "Dooley" in il
lustration.
id
"Jefferson was a good man," said
Dooley, "but he lived before tne days
of open plumbing."
Congressmen erred in defeating re
form measures proposed by Progres
sives, the speaker asserted, mention
ing the Murdock trust bills, the tariff
commission bill, the federal employ
ment bureau bill and the bill for the
abolition of child labor, as measures
which he said were blocked by op
ponents of the Progressives.
This opposition, he said, emphasiz
ed "the need of our demand for a re
form of the. political machinery, not
ably the reform of the presidential
nominating system. Expanding the
labor theme, Colonel Roosevelt said:
"There must be full participation
in industry of the three big factors
adenuate capital, successful manage-
ment and highly paid and highly ef
ficient labor. There must be full
land ungrudging recognition of labor's
I right in industry and on the other
hand no less recognition by labor of
I its responsibility as to output and its
share In the responsibility to the pnb-
lic for stability and peace in industry.
"Not only must we now insist on
certain tytfes of legislation but . we
must take the lead in educating the
public, in educating our people as a
people because there can be no legis
lation .until we have an intelligent
and aroused public opinion. Often
the difficulties come not so much
(Continued on Page Three
Scotch Highlanders charging the retreating
RUSSIAN REPORT IS
GERMANS CHECKED AND
AUSTRIANS ROUTED
In Eastern Prussia German Advance is Finally Checked
While in Austria the Russians Continue Their Pur
suit of the Austrians Several Fortifications Are
Taken and Entire Siege Artillery is Captured Ger
man Corps Under General Woersch is Defeated
(Associated Press Dispatch)
XKW YORK, Sept. 20. Col. Xicalai Colejewski,
military attache of the Russian embassy, gave an official
statement from his headquarters today, as follows:
"In eastern Prussia hy September IT (Jen. Renuen
kampf had finally checked the (ierman advance.
. "In some places the retirement and shifting of the
enemy's troops was observed.
"In Austria we are continuing the pursuit of the
enemy. Our troops have drawn near the fortress of
Przemysl and the fortifications of Sieniawa (Siniava)
and Yaoslaw (Jaroslau).
"In eastern Prussia the enemy's Saxon cavalry di
vision, just arrived from Prance, suffered heavily. The
population of Lublin and Helm greeted with overflow
ing enthusiasm some of the victorious troops returning
from the battlefields of Krasnik and Tomaszow.
"We captured their entire siege artillery, consisting
of thirty-six heavy howitzers, brought from the fortress
of Bres'lau by (Herman reinforcements, in premature an
ticipation of the siege of Jslangorod. Near Sandomir
our troops again defeated
v oersch.
"Our troops have taken the fortifications of Sienawa
(Siniava) and Sambor. The Austrian rear guards have
been driven from the River Wisznia (Yichnia), beyond
the San. In retiring they destroyed the bridges over
the former from Radynino to Medyke.
kYaroslaw (Jaroslau) is in flames.
"On September 15, in the region of Sandomir-Mire-Radomysl,
in the corner between the Vistula and San,
we took 3000 prisoners and ten guns. At Niemirow and
its vicinity we took 3000 wagon.? of artillery supplies.
Crowds of Austrian soldiers are straggling in the re
gion occupied by our armies. Cradually they come out
of their hiding places and give themselves up'
Servians WJiip Austrians
NISI I, Servia, Sept. .20. It is officially announced
that a numerically inferior Servian force repulsed the
attack by 20,000 Austrians near Novipazar.The Servians
inflicted' heavv loss-n the attacking force. f
Russians Bombard Fortress ,;
PETROGRAl), Sept. 20. The Russians are bombard
ing the fortress Przemvsl. whose artillery opened fire,
1 it is announced officially by
enemy; British Lancers going into battle.
the Oerman corps under (Jen.
the chief of staff. ;
"MESA DAY" DF
onus BIGS
II I III' J
Onlv State Fair or Orator
Of National Panic Could
J'"1''- Wllu
Size of Yesterday's in the
Courthouse Plaza
v
Only a state fair or the presence
of an orator or pe."son of national
fame, such as Colonel Roosevelt or
lir. Bryan, could bring together such
j. crowd as was assembled at the
court bouse plaza yesterday after
noon. Well, of course a circus of
established reputation might attract
such a crowd. But no other of equal
size or even approaching it was ever
brought together in this state ex
cept by one of the agencies mention
ed. Estimates of the number van as
bifih as 5,000.
It was "Mesa Day" in the prohibi
tion campaign. , It had been announc
ed that 'the Mesa choir of eighty
voices would be present and that
leading business men of that, city
would tell what had been accom
plished in Mesa in three lry years.
Though it had been advertised that ,
four
the meeting would begin at
o'clock, two hours before that time
-lv r.,mAr wnntV m h ',.r of
seats. Events justified their fore-
sight for by four o'clock a seat could
not be secured within hearing dis
tance of any but a trained orator i
with a more or less sonorous voice.
The first contingent of Mesa ,ar
ived on the afternoon train. When j
they began taking their ' seats a
stranger inquired of the man next
Germans Say British
Are Now On Defensive
ASSOCIATEO PRESS DISPATCH
BERLIN, ' via Rotterdam and Lon
don, Sept. 20. The following official
statement was issued by German
headquarters' staff last night:
"The situation in the western cam
paign is unchanged along the entire
front. The. Franco-British forces
have been obliged to take the defen
sive in their entrenched positions, the
attacks upon which are slow in re
sults. "Preparations for an attack on for
tifications on the line south of Ver
dun have been completed.
"In Alsace the German troops are
in contact along the border with the
French troops."
The final results of the subscrip
tion war loan is not yet known. It
is officially stated, so far as can j September 15. Another officer killed
be determined now, that the amount was Commander Count Detlew Rant
reached is $1,500,000,000. It is known, Izau.
BQM8ARDMI
if
Famous Cathedral Finally
Destroyed and Other His
toric and Public Buildings
Laid in Ruins or Seri
ously Damaged
FRENCH TROOPS
ARE ADVANCING
Left Wing Moves on Along
Right. Bank of River
Oise and Gennans Fail
to Smash the Front at
Craonne
RHEIMS RAZED
I j
BORDEAUX, Sept. 20. The j
j famous cathedral at Rheims has
j been destroyed, it is officially an- j
nounced by Louis J. Malvy, min-
I ister of the interior. All other his-
toric and public buildings were j
laid in ruins or seriously damaged
during the bombardment of Rheims
I by the German artillery.
I 1
.
ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCH
PARIS, Sept. 20. The French war
office today issued the following cont
municution: "On our left wing we have again
made a slight advance along the right
bank of the river Oise. The division of
Algerians have captured another flag.
"All efforts of the Germans, support
ed by strong artillery, to smash our
front between Craonne and Rheims
have been repulsed.
Near Rheims, the hill of Brimont, a
portion of which we occupied, has been
retaken by the enemy. In return we
have taken posession of the defenses of
La Pampelle, (about five miles east by
southeast of Rheims.
"The Germans aroused themselves to
a condition of such fury that, without
military reason, they fired on the ca
thedral of Rheims, which is in flames.
"In the center, between Rheims and
the forest of Argonne, we have won
the viilage of Souain, and taken thou
sands of prisoners.
"On the western side of the Argonne
our gains have been maintained.
"In Tv'oevre there is nothing to an
nounce. "On the right wing in Lorraine the
enemy has been driven back beyond
our frontier, evacuating, in particular
j the region of Avricourt, (a border vil-
"in voges, the enemy tried to resume
the offensive in the neighborhood of
St. Die, but without success.
"Our attacks progress slowly on the
side, because of the difficulty of ground
and defensive work encountered there
and bad weather.
"As yet we have no certain confir
mation of the reduction of forts not
previously destroyed at Maubeuge, but
the German press reports the taking of
this city and even indicates its gover
nor will be interned at Torgau, (Prus-
I sia.)
"The Saxon army has been broken
! up and its commander. General Von
I Housen, has been relieved of his com
i mand.
j "A cavalry division of the same na
tionality, which fought in Lorraine at
I the opening of the campaign and was
later sent to Russia, shared the down-
I fall of the Russian army and must have
I suffered severe losses."
j tc him. "How far is this Mormon set
tlement from Phoenix?" As tne
i rroW(1 increased, the stranger ob
served, "This Mesa must De some
town."
Just before four o'clock, Charles J.
1 Hal1- who ha(1 char&e of the meeting
jsaid that word had been received hat
of the meeting, had gone to the city
hall plaza. Five minutes late a
dozen or more ladies of the choir
filed to the seats set apart for the
I musical organization. The audience
(Continued on Page Three)
however, these figures are not com
plete. According to a letter from the
front, the French aviator, M. Chevil
liard was captured on September 2.
He approached too closely to the
Germans, whom he mistook for the
British and his machine was shot
down by a soldier who recognized
Chevilliard, whom he had seen in ex
hibition flights in Germany. The air
man denied his identity.
Chevillard had as a passenger an
officer of the general staff, who car
ried several important maps. The
aeroplane was provided with bombs.
Neither Chevillard nor his passenger
was wounded.
General Steinmetz, possessor of the
iron cross since 1870, was killed on

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